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From THE BOOK OF THE CHURCH." By R- SOUTHEY, Esq. L. L. D. (CONCLUDED.) The Jesuits had risen up in the 16th century to perform for the Papal Church the service which the Mendicant Orders had rendered in the 12th. Their founder, Like St. Francis, was in a state of religious insanity when he began his career; but he possesed, above all other men, the rare talent ofdetecting his own deficiencies, and remedying them by the most patient dili- gence. More politic heads aided him in the construction perfectly adapted to the purpose for which it was designed. Under the appearance, and with the efficient unity and strength of an absolute monarchy, the Company was in reality always directed by a few of its ablest members. The most vigilant superintendence was exercised over all its parts, and yet, in acting for the ge- neral service, entire liberty was allowed to indi- vidual talents. For this reason, the Jesuits were exempted from all the stale and burthensome observances, wherein the other religioners consumed so large a portion of their time. They admitted no person into the society, unless they perceived in him some qualities which might be advantageously em- ployed, and in their admirable economy every one found his appropriate place, except the re- fractory and the vicious. Such members were immediately expelled—the company would not be disturbed with the trouble of punishing, or endeavouring to correct them. But where they found that devoted obedience, which was the prime qualiiication of a Jesuit, there was no variety of human character from the lowest to the loftiest intellect, which they did not know how to employ, and to the best advantage. They had domestic offices for the ignorant and lowly the task of education was committed to expert and patient scholars men of learning and research and genius were left to follow the bwit of there own happy inclinations; eloquent mem- bers were destined for the pulpit; and while their politicians managed the abairs of the socie- ty, and by directing the consciences of kings and queens, and statesmen, directed, in fact, the go- vernment of Catholic kingdoms, enthusiasts and fanatics were dispatched to pretch the gospel among the heathen, or to convert the Protestants. Some weal to reclaim the savages of America, others, with less success, to civilize the. b:abar- otis tlicifi tc, Church. And .they who r/oce ambitious of K.-Rtyrilosn, were ordered 10 .janais, where the stow fir. and ihe inoie ,i'j, ug- death of the pit, rre to be endured or thev woflt to England,which they called the European Japan, because, going thither as missionaries of a church which had pro- nounced the Queen an heretic and an usurper. and forbidden all her Catholic subjects to obey her, on pain of excommunication, they went io form conspiracies, and -c!cclrt p'an. and therefore exposed themselves to death as traitors. The foun.flcr; oft11:S f1n}fYLS f;ocie'y their institution with excellent ".vis.iont to the circumstances of their a- but they took the principles of the Romish Church as lisey found them, and thus engaged in the support r.;u tiierance of a bad cause by wlcheil mean1?. The whole odhnn of those means fi-U vpM the Jesuits, not bee;t»s. they were ihe most conspi- cuous.—the Protestants, and especially liie Eng- lish, looking only at that order which pi oduced their busiest and "ablest enemies; and the Rom- anists dexterously shifting upon an envied, ana therefore a hated, commnnity, the reproach wfSch properly belongs to their Popes, their Councils, and their universal Church.' in England, indeed no other religioners were so active. and this was because the celebrity of the order, its had been the case with every monastic order L) its first age, attracted to it the most ardent and am- bitious spirits. Young English Catholics of t.hl3 temper eager- ly took the fourth and peculiar > «•.?; w inch placed them as Missionaries, at the absolute oisposal of their Old Man of the Mountain. The at that time, had richly merited this title. For the principle of assassination was sanctioned T:y the two most powerful of the Catholic Kiajs, by the head of the Catholic Church. It was acted upon in France, and in Hollar.i rewards were publicly offered for the nvirder of the Prince of Orange; and the fans*.ties, who un- dertook to murder Elizabeth, were encouraged by a plenary remission of sins granted for this cnwiol (.Qrnna Against the propagandists of such doet.-ine as was contained in the Bull of Firs V., and incul- cated in the seminaries, Elizabeth was compelled for self-preservation, to proceed severely. They were sought for and executed, not for bp]ie,in1 in' transubstantiation, nor for but for teaching that the Queen of El);;hnd ought to be deposed that it was lawful !o LEi b1 and that all Catholic subjects, who o' her commands, were cut on from the comini i. „ of their Church for so doing. The very end and purpose of these Jesuits and seminary men," said the Proclamation, was not only to prepaid sundry her Majesty's subjects, inclinable to disloyalty, to give aid to foreign invasions, and stir up rebellion, but. also (that most perilous is,) to deprive her Ma- jesty (under whom, and by whose provident government, with God's assistance, tlivrie re.bus have been so long and so happily kept and con- tinued in great plenty, peace, ana security), of her life, crown, and dignity." As far as concerns our society," said Campian the Jesuit, in an oration delivered at Douay, we, all dispersed in great numbers through the world, have made a league and holy oath, that as long as any of us are alive, all our care and industry, all our deliberations and councils shall never cease to trouble your claim and safety." The same enthusiast, when from his place of concealment, he addressed a letter to the Privy Council, defying the heads of the English Church to a disputation before the Queen and Council, repeated the threat. Be it known unto you," he said, that we have made a league, all the Jesuits in the world, whose succession and multitude must overreach all the practices of England, cheerfully to c-tyi y the cross that you shall lay upon us, and never to despair your reco,ery while we have a man left to enjoy your Tyburn, or to be racked with your prisons. Expenses are reckoned: the en- terprise is begun it is of God: it cannot be withstood. So the faith was planted. So it must be restored." Campian and his fellow-sufferers acted up to Campian and his fellow-sufferers acted up to the lofty spirit of this declaration. They died as martyrs, according to their own views, and as martyrs they were then regarded, and are still represented, by the Romanists. Certain, however, it is, that, they suffered for points of State, and not of Faith not as Roman Catholics, but as Bull-papists not for religion, but for treason. Some of them are to be admired as men of ge- nius and high endowments, as well as of heroic constancy: all to be lamented, as acting for an in- jurious purpose, under a mistaken sense of duty but their sufferings belong to the history of papal Z, politics, rather than of religious prosecution. They succeeded in raising one rebellion, which was easily suppressed, for Elizabeth was deserv- edly popular, and the Protestants had now be- come the great majority but repeated conspira- A cies against the life of the Queen were detected; and such were the avowed principles and inten- tions of the Papists, wherever they dared avow them, that Washington expressed his fears of a Bartholomew breakfast, or a Florence banquet. The objeci of all these conspiracies was to set the Queen of Scots upon the throne; this, tin English Jesuits said, was the only means of re forming all Christendom, by reducing it to the Catholic faith; and they boasted that there were more heads occupied upon ic than English heads, and more ways to the wood than one." A book was written by a friend of Campian's wherein the ladies who were about Elizabeth's person, were exhorted, after the example of J H- dith, to her. Many of the Protestant nob'.cs and gentry deem- ed the danger s;) great, that they formed an asso- ciation, pledging themselves to prosecute to death, as far as lay in their power, all thos who should attempt anything agui i i the Queen a-id this was thought so necessary a measure, that Parliament followed the example. -tS-47j- A FRENCH BULL.—A Paris Journal states tha- oie Depuy, condemned to dea h at Lyons, had attempted suicide, first by poison, and then by knife but, adds the Editor, medical assis tance being promptly administered, he is now oil of daagvr (".ors ae dangcrj, and rdll io-morro udnergo the