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JLOriDOU, I SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 21. --41-- Wfc are confident that in general the "Country is quite satisfied with the refusal i,6 fthe Ministers to agree to the motion -ior Lord Sugetit, for the production of the correspondence which passed between Tour Cabinet and Sir W..A.Court. It could have gratified the idle a-ttriosity of ijjjg Qppositiooj or their wish to èmbarrass i-the Administration. From all that we could understand of Lord Nugent's speech It would appear that we onght, to have Sent a large army to Spain to assist the '"Constitutionalists .against the French; tut supposing that we had done so, could we hare relied upon the co-operation of the Constitutionalists ? We will venture to go further than the Minister who made this reply, and ask the Noble Lord whether, supposing that we had sent an army into Spain, it would not have been I possible for the French Government to have bribed some of the leading military Chiefs of the Constitutional party to-be- tray our army-as they did, in three"in- stances, their own—to the enemy opposed to it ? As Mr. Sturgess Bourne very jnstly said, we should remember that when we were before assisting Spain, the Spaniards left the business of fighting the I French almost exclusively to the British, Spaniards left the business of fighting the I French almost exclusively to the British, if Ballasteros and other Spanish Command- f ers were content with merely' looking on but considering the manner In which he and other Constitutionalists have since Jbetrayed the cause they had sworn to de- fend, it was probably fortunate for Lord Wellifigtoti and the army he commanded, that the Spanish General was content with j-eijiaining an idle spectator. In truth, SpiLin is suffering a oaturâf decáyshe haS been falling from her politicallm- oftance ever since ffre time of Philip II. jjcf power was ihen, inits zenith—com- mcfee, with the newly-discovered coun- tries in Amer -ical, was the cause of her strength at tbat period. Spain was then the plart for trade between the old and the new Continents. Riches flowed in as a ijiatter of course.; The mines of New Spain supplied her with money in an abtindance to which the world had never j before been accustomed.-But the acqui- sition of riches, either politically as affect- ittg a. nation, or privately, as affecting an individual family, in time causes the de- struction of either one or of both. We have all history to prove how riches na- turally breed pride, laziness, luxury, and licentiousness; all the forerunners of the downfall of a nation or a family- Be- sides this cause for the political retro- gression of Spairt, the stream of commence changed. The Dutch found the way to India, and Holland then became the mart. Expensive wars, and the consequent tax- ation, in time weakened Holland, who in her turn ceased to be the inart. England has succeeded Holland. She is more likely to be destroyed by the vices spring- ing up from an excess of commercial pros- perity, than from any other cause—pre- cisely for the same reason. that the fall of the Koman Empire proceeded from an excess of prosperity. The time, however, may be far distant before England's turn arrives for experiencing a similar politi. cal fate to Spain and Holland. The pre- sent Ministers are proceeding in the most possibly prudent manner to keep things together, by gradually doing away with some laws which our less enlightened an- cestors enacted. By so doing, they pro- mote real freedom and so long as people are free, and able to pay a snfficientforce ;to keep an enemy from them, so long will they have as much commerce as may be good for them. Freedom causes a country to be populous, and where there is po- llution there is sure to be commerce for trade merely arises from the necessity for lodging, clothing, food, luxuries and amusements. Where there is a popula- tion well lodged, fed, and clothed, it is the height of folly to talk, as some per- sons do, of the destruction or stagnation of trade. We are glad to see that the in- -come of the last year has exceeded the •pxpeiuliii,re by about seven millions. Lord ugellt should bear in mind, that had our Ministers taken the advice of some of the opposition, and plunged this Country ill a war with all Europe for the Purpose of establishing a Republican Go- yerninent in Spain, that so far from the Ministers being no- able to show the Surplus of sevell millions, they must have «X}Ww->d a deficiency of about 50 to tOO ^illujus for which the Parliament and the would have been called on to ¡ ^ovidc, citiuTby the system of usurious J j}.¡ít!i{}tI. (j;l,duci¡¡g The iiHeresi of the L debt; or perhaps all the three modes must have been had recourse to. It might have answered the purpose of such per- sons as' ir Robert Wilson to have been created Commanders of a British force to fight for Spanish liberty, but we and others could not have looked with much complacency on the 50 the 100 million account sent to ns to pay by' the two Comihahders rri 'question. iy%fnirara,fixtract of a letter from Demerara, dated Dec. 24-4' The colony has sustained, ftn incalçulable-perhaps, au irreparable loss, in consequence of the late insurrection, nor is anyone at a loss to point but the primary cause of it.- I shall nttt attempt to estimate the loss which individual Proprietors have sus- tained, from the death of a vast number of their best negroes neither shall I risk a conjecture as to how much the value of property throughout the Colony has been lowered, and: for & time rendered unavtMl- ble to those who wish to dispose of them. The loss arising from deficiency of crop is, perhaps, not. so great as to deserve at- tention, but the mere delay is an incon- venience that will probably be felt by a number of planters. The exppiice of the Militia Establishment since the commence- ment of these troubles, together with the Bill of fare at the Colony house, is said to have amounted, for the first three or four weeks, to upwards of £250, sterling (3000f.) per day; 'titid, so far as I can understand, £ 180 (100 joe#) is the low- est these expeoces have been reduced to. To clear off the mass of debt thus con- tracted, additional taxes will, no doubt, be imposed, and how the impoverished state of the c-olony will bear an increase of burdens, is more than Ircan tell.-But this is,not, all-for two mont < past there has been a complete interruption to pub- 'lie business,-the public offices have been shut, and the Court of Jus'.ice closed,' to the irreparable injury of those who, for two years, have been suing for a final sen- tence. The merchant too has been obliged to shut his store, to buckle on the habi- liments of war, artd to pais whole days and nights in doing the duties of a mer- cenary soldier. Such are the consequen- ces that have already resulted, and if this state of things continue, one half of the inhabitants of Demerara will be reduced to absolute beggary." In the discussion which took place on the Army Establishment, Friday night, Mr. Hume expressed his astomishmeiit at so large a number of men as 80,000 being voted for the service of this year.—. Our astonishment is, that at least half as many more were not proposed by the Go- vernment. Surely Mr. Hume must ne- ver have taken into his consideration the immense territories England now has to guard in every quarter of the world.— He must have forgotten Ireland; the West Indies Africa; the Cape of Good Hope the East Indies; New South Wales, and Van Dieman's Land. And he must have put out of his recollection the wish, an the part of a great number of the people of Ireland, to be independ- ent of the people of England the often expressed wish of the United States people to become possessed of Canada the ex- ample of St. Domingo, which naturally operates on the minds of the Blacks in our West India possessions, who would like to be as independent of Great Britain as St. Domingo is of France and Spain the active competition of France, in her possessions bordering on England's pos- sessions in Africa; the longing of Holland for her lost colony of the Cape of Good Hope; the competition and settlements of the French and the Dutch in the East Indies; the competition there also of the United.States people, and probably a se- cret wish to possess themselves of some portion of the East Indies; and the ne- cessity for a military force iu New South Wales, to prevent the people transported thllhr from getting the upper hand.—To all this may be added, the necessity for a large military force in England, as well to keep those in order who wish for a revolution, should there be any such, as to be prepared to meet the increased power of France, in consequence of her conquest of Spain, should there at any time be a necessity. Also to keep up the appearance ot being well prepared to talk to the Holy Alliance, should it take it into its head, through its Ambassadors to complain of the galling speeches as ap- plied to the Holy Alliance, of our oppo- sition in Houses of Parliament; or of the freedom of the remarks in our va- rious publications. The Holy Alliance have obtained what they wished in the two latter respects in Italy, Spain, France, III LLLL ML III LL III" '"UJ_ >IÐ" and Switzerland; and as soon as an op- portunity mighl arrive for doing the same thing in England, we believe that they would avail themselves of it, and tha't, it is not the speeches of the Whigs or Ùa- dicals of England, that would deter them from attempting the same game that they hava played in these countries, but a sufficiency of well disciplined soldiers, and the dread of cannon balls. >

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From " THE BOOK OF THE CHURCH."