POETRY. THE OLDM A I D'S PRAYER TO DIANA. S¡XC'E ihou and the stars, my dear Goddess, de- cree, That, old maid as am, old maid I mast be, ¡ Oh hear the petition ( offer to thee, I for to bear it muct he my endeavour; From the grief of my friendship, alt dropping around, Till nor one whom I loved in my youth can he found, from the legacy-hunters that near us abound, DIAVA, thy servant deliver", I From the scorn of the joung, or the flouts of the gay, I From all the rrite ridicule rattled away j By the pert ones who know nothing better to say (Or a spirit to laugh at them give her;) from repining at fancied neglected desert, Or rain of a civil speech, bridling alert, From finical nicene. or slatternly dirt, DIAN-A, thy servant detiwer From over -solicifoue guarding of pelf, From humour unchecked, that most pestilent elf, From every unsocial attention to self, Or ridiculous whim whatsoever From the vapourish freaks or methodical airs, Apt to ii),-at io a braio that's exempted from cares, From impertinent meddling in others' affairs, Diana, thy seruot deliver I From the erring attachments of desolate souls, From the love of spadille and of inatadore voles, Or, of lap dogs, and parrots, and monkeys, and owls, Be they ne'er so uncommon and clever But chief from the love of all loveliness flown, Which makes the dim eye condescend to look down, On some ape of a fop, or some owl of a clown, DIANA, thy servant deliver 1 From spleen at bebokJingthe yollug more ca- rest, From pettish asperity, tartly express'd, From scandal, detraction, and ev'ry such pest, From all, thy true arrant deliver-; Nor lei satisfaction depart from her lot, Let her siog if at ease, and be patient if not Be pleas'd when recorded, content when forgot, Till Fate her slight thread shall dissever
] HATTON-GAROEN.— DBSPBRATE ESCAPE RROM AM OFFICER.—Tuesday, in consequence of information tieiog sent to this office of an ex. tensive robbery being committed in the house of Mr. Dal/iel, cabinet-maker, Great James-street, Bedford-row, Wainright, (an active officer of fhts «?sfabli»hmeot) has been in search of a lad about I fi ) earl of age, named James Holdaway, suspected of being connected with the robbery. On receiving intelligence that he was to be found St. lvaitiright hastened there, and saw him in the passage of No.6, Chambers. The lad recognising him, ran oil stairs, pursued by the officer, enteied the upper chamber, bolted fl>e door, and got out oil the parapet, which he ran along for several yards, and then let himself down by a pipe oil the tootil of soDie houses. He climbed across a number of these with the greatest activity, and at last dropped from the parapet of a house two stories high, into Old Bos well-court. On his descent he reaiiined lor a minute powerless, and then ran Oil with his body, however, quite doubled.— Though many persons witnessed (he leeilet they were all so confounded in amazement at this act of desperation, that nobody thought of Hopping the who accordingiy escaped. Cuaioirs CAig OF APPEAL.—At the Middle- vex Sessions, on Thursday, an appeal was aUide from the parish of Topsham, Devon, against the parish ol St, Giles, London, for having illegally removed two pauper children. named Fay, from the. respondent to the appellant parish, which are supposed to be ?k»ir legal settlement, Mr. Andrews called the father of the paupers, who swore that he was born at Xew York, in America, and had never gained any settlement iu Ku gland. Mr. Adolphus cross examined hict^, ir. the Ku gland. Mr. Adolphus cross examined hil11. in !he course of which he declared he should not kt> .<w his own father. He was quite sure he was not born fit Culmstoclc, in Devonshire. John Fay, all 0111 grey headed man, waa (he,) confronted with fhr last witness, auil swore he was his son Jack, bhd that lie was 19 years young- er than himself; that he was born at Cnlinatock, and ai the age of 19 he enlisted into the Marines with Sergeant Davey, and after I I yean absence from Knghmd, he returned to Cultitsiock, wtiert, he m;<rried. John Fay, the son, protested the old man was not his fattier, nor was lie ever in tbe Marines lie hail servcil oil bOlinl a ouu of w- he liury- í dice, I Chairman—Old tnaa, how lonj is it siace jou saw your son Jack? Old Mvit-l'tiii feeti years,' Sir. Chairman—Are you sure he is your son ? Old "tiau-I was always told so,—( J lawh.) The Court ordered the case to iiiand over till next Selijons. and that some of the old inhabi- tants ol Culiiistork sho-ld he brought forward to identify the old man's sous. MARI.BO!IOUGH-STREET.-—Tuesday a man of genteel appearance an(I (naniters, about 40 years of age, wa., brought to this office upon a charge of stealing a valuable time-piece, under tbe fol- lowing Ci(CUII)il&Dceit :-He, at first, gave his name John Moms; but on being searched, and a letter found in his pocket, addressed Lewis Morris Ashfield, Esq. be aclwowledged that this latter was his real name. A porter, in the employ of Mr. Abbof, the auctioneer, in Condu i I. SI reel, slated, that he was Tuesday morning engaged with others of Mr. Abbot's men, iu submitting to ptiblic view, the furniture of a house in Cleveland-court, where a sale was to take p1,"ce on Wednesday, aDd among tile number or visitors was the prisoner, who in- spected all the furniture it) he (jiffereiii apart- ments; but he had scarcely quilted the house after doing so, when the witness missed the time-piece produced, off the drawing-room chim ney stand, and baring seen it there only a minute before the prisoner left the room, he instantly suspected and pursued him into St. James s- street, where he came up with him, and took the '•me piece from under his coat, where it was concealed. He brought him back to tbe bouse, and gave him in charge to a constable. On being asked by Mr. Consul, the magistrate, what he had to urge in defroue of 'his charge. The priioner, who seemed deeply affected at his situation, said that he was driven to the commission of this offence by the most poignant distress and the roost intense suffering from bun- getvnot having taliled fOlld for nearly two whole days. oil beis,a asked, to give some account of hi* way of life, he said that he had been for ge- weral years an officer of dragoons, and bad been Aide.de-Camp to his uncle, who II a General Officer iu the service, and is married to a lady of high a rank as any in this country, Slote the peace, he (the prisoner) had been in business at Liverpool, in partnership with hit father, an ex- tensive merchant there; hut being unsuccessful in his pursuits, he has latterly been in a stafe of great misery and want, and was induced to take the time-piece to raise as much for the moment as would procure him a meal, and intending to return it the moment he could release it from pawn. He hoped the magistrate would over- look his offence, or at all events admit him to bail. Mr, Conant said that he had no power to do either one or the other. He was very sorry to see a person of his connexions in so disgraceful» situation; but it was his (Mr. Cooaot's) duty to commit him for trial. He was accordingly com- mitted. A short time ago, a young man, the son of a respectable inhabitant or the parish of Carew, Pembrokeshire, while going about the fields with his father's dogs, started a hare, and after a considerable course, puss, in order to escape from her pursuers, took refuge in a cottage, which she entered through a hole in the door; the rete-gat being discovered, every precaution was taken to secure the object of pimuit, when, after a long and apparently vain search, it was discovered that puss, for her better security, had entered a large jug, which the poor woman of the cot had for the purpose of carrying water. FIRI? DAmp.-A.n unlearned elan, but clever mechanic, of this town, (Stafford,) named Geo. Lovot, is anxious to communicate to his country- men a scheme for lessening the danger from that dreadful accident-the explosion of ilre damp in coal-mines. The remedy which has suggested it- self to his mind is, the employment of bellows, to be worked by the steam engine. Six or seven ordinary pair of forge bellows might he required to produce the proper effect. They might be placed one or two hundred yards from the shaft. Atmospheric air is intended to be propelled by a main pipe down the shaft, and thence conducted by smaller pipes, having regulating stop cocks to Itiose parts of the mine where the colliers are at work. The stream of air will have a force equal to a common current above ground. The fire damp will thus be dislodged from the situation occupied by the miners, or so much diluted as to render it harmless and ultimately, being lighter than atmospheric air, be forced out at the mouth of the ijit,-StalTuid Advertiser. SAFETY-LAMP.—We liaveseen an ingenious and we think an important, improvement in Sir Humphry Davy's samj) just made by Mr. Thos. Cox, brass founder, ii) Gateshead, II) the original, a nire, culled the picker, i* introduced into the gauze tube from the bot- tom, for the purpose of regulating the wicii entirely on the approach of danger. Mr. Cox's improvement consists in the addition of a thort tube, perforated with a number of small holes, closed at the top, and 11toacect within the tube of the Davy, at the part of the lamp, iu such a mannet a. to pre- vent the elongation of the Eame. To tlji* tube a wire i* likewise attached from the bottom, by which it is regulated. It differs, however, essentially from the picker, at. by being drawn down, it not only estiagaishea the flame ()fti wick but it also completely extinguishes ibwftue Urtne of (he in 11 a anna hie gas, which always fills the lamp just before ah explosion lakes place. It ano-wers-, io a moment of great danger, precisely the same purpose as the esluigishcr attached to an or- dinary chamber candlestick. From (his, therefore, it will appear that considerable credit is due to Mr. Cox, all his additión, i. evidently calculated to make what was before considered 3 eafty-lamp, safer; and it certain. fy seems not a little remarkable, that Sir Humphry Davy should have rented satisfied with his pickef, which only put out the flame of the wick, while it left the dangerous IJarno of the inflammable gas burning, as it were,, in triumph. But still we do not place im- plicit taith in the On, tamp, cven with this improvement; nay, we conceive that the lite of the poor miner is yet left in consider- a^jeopurdy. The Davy Jamp, ;t u ||ap#i not generally known, liautpeoded m Ihe pit from a nail which is driven info the coal, near the place where the pitman is working. As the. case at present sfands, when theeollier per* ceiveg the approach ol danger, be w according to the improvement, to draw down the new by which all he may dlClI retreat in safety. But how is he to he aware of the Approach of danger tlsme in his lamp, it is irue, becomes unsteady J, hilI if he continue so intent upon his work aq not to heed this intimation in time, and that should seem not improbable, then all such contrivances. are helpless and unavailing.—Tyrae Mercury.
MINING INTELLIGENCS. COPPER ORE Sold -It RBDRVTH, 011 Thursday, DecemBev r, MINKS, TONS. PDRCHASESS. PRICK. Dolconth 114 Vivian and Sont. 5 (4 (p Aitt» 106 Birmingham^ Freeman 6 5 ft, iittv 97 Williams, Grenfell, Sf fell ty Co, fy Crown Co. Sf Oaniellt Sunr and Neviii 5 g, ditto 80 English Co. 5 4 ditta 74 ffilhamt, Ik-enfell, Co. and Crown Co. 10 2 0" ditto 70 Fiviam and Sons 2 IS tl Mt. ditto 53 I'reeman and Co. 6 11 8 Basssi 110 ditio 9 4 a ditto 80 Williams, Grenfell, If xrh „ „ Co. and Crown Co, 3t IT 0; Nh. Roskear 81 ditto 0: ditto 52 ditto 1 jg q; ditto 45 f ioian and Sons. 1 14 ditto 40 ditto J* a « « ditto „ 68 ditto 7 li « C. Kitchen 46 Daniett, Sntifthnd'Ne\ vill a ditto 45 Williams, Grenfell] Jin* an Crown Co.$14 « dUt(> 30 D«niell, Son, and N,. Crinwi'j r-1'" "c, 5 I i ditto 42 IT" &nd S°Ht 5 ,S 8 m.ror 1 of, J0,y- 5 7 0 I Tin Cjrojj 85 Williams, Grenfell 6) Co.$Crown Co. 4 8a Camb. rean 35 English €0 7 g (y ditto 23 Do Sf ff illtams, Gren- fell,Sf Co.'ana Crown Is., Co J. 2 19 0; Sutan 47 Ftvian and Sons 4 10 0> Tregajorrtn 24 ffilliams,Grenftll,and Co and Crown Co. 4 3 & ditto it Do & Fox, Williams, Grenfell Si Co IS 4 a S. Jf. Toman 40 Williams, Grenfell, Co. Sf CrownCo.45 Of Wh. Tamer 40 Danieli, Son, and Ne- Vill t Q; Great Towan ) an Ar Consols J 20 Not soW- T»tai 1792 Tons.—Standard J> 110. 5*. PRINTED Sf PUBLISHED by C. B ROSTER AT BAWGOR, CARSARTOJIUJIJU. • # Orders, Adrerfisements, and other Comma- nications will be thankfully received by tbe Proprietor, aod by the following Agents:- Messrs, NEWTON & Co. Warwick-squarerLonion, Mr. It. BAItILESt, 33, Fleet street, do. Messrs. J K. JOHNSON & Co Dublin. Mr. BROSTER, Bookseller Chester* Mr. GKB, ditto, Denbigh. Mr. SACNOEMsoM, ditto, Bala. Mr. R. JONEditto, Ruthin. Mr. CARN ES, ditto, Holywell. Mr. POGH, diito, Dolgellau. Mr. R. JKYANS, ditto, Llatirwst. Mr. RoBERia^ Postmaster, Conway Mr. SA LTER. Bookseller, Newtown- Post OFFICE, aberystwith. fi:JT This Paper is transmitted, Fe. nf postage* to any part of the Kingdom, at £ 13. per a„. num, or £ 1 IO. if paid its advance The instr* tion of advertisements procured in any of the Los- den, or prioviskuiat papers, througaint the sptyirgo
I "TH 1HK OF THEE. BY A. A. WATTS, XoQ. OF LBIDS. 1 think of the?—1 think d I hee,- f And all that ihot»"hait borne for me ;— j In hours of (loom, or heartless glee, I think of olice-I think of t-hee When fierce'! raee the storms of Fe, I I At id arii-around is detola-t, I i pour on Life's temffestuous flea ,I,lit! oil of peace, with thoughts of thee When fortune frowns, and H,)pe deceives me, And summer friendship veers and leaves me, A Tiroon—from the world I flee, My wreck of wealth—sweet dreams of tbee! Or if I join the careless crowd, Where laughter peals, and mirth grows loud; Even in my knurs of revelry "1 think of II)ee-I think of thee! I think of Ihee-I think and sigh O'er hlighted years and bliss gone by !— And mourn the sfern, severe decree 3 That hath but left me—thoughts of thee! In youth's gay hours, 'mid Pleasure's bowers. When all was sunshine, mirth, and flowers, We met-I bent ttt* adoiing knee, Add told a tender lale to ibee Twas summer's eve,the Heavens above- Earth-ocean-air, were full of love; Mature around kept jubilee, When first I breathed that tale to thee! The crystal clouds that hung on high J Were blue as thy delicious eye The stirless shore, and sleeping sea, Seemed emblems of repose and thee 5 I spoke of hope- ( spoke of (ear-, Thy answer was it blush and tear; But this was eloquence to me, Aed more rhan I had asked of thee 1 looked info thy dewy eye, And echoed thy half-stifled sigh; I clasped thy hand, and \'uIJ'd to be The soul of love and truth to thee! The scene and hour are past; yet still Remaios a deep impassioned thrili-} A sun set glow on memory, Wbich kindles at a thought of thee We loved !-how wildly and how well, 'Twere worse than idle now to tell 1 Front love and hf> alike thoun free, And I-am leti-t,) think of thee Though years — Ions years—have darkly sped Since thou vert number* d wi'h the dead. In fancy thy form i see, In DREAM*, id i?;I-< I'M s'dl with thee 1 Thy baac'J—helplessness, and yomh Try hapless rae-IIIHirini\ trvh— Are lIellS that often touch the key Of sweet bnt mournful (hough's of ihee The bilter frown of friend* estranged The chilling !ilrait of fortunes changed j Ali this, and more, thou'si horn for uie Then h br I.. thee j will—'hinls of ihee Til; (ades the power of meminv :— to weal or woe-in floom or glet.- ¡ l'U tbiuk of shee—Fll ihiuk or thu t 1
JilSTOK fCA h MEMO HAN DA OF THE iiOYAL NAVY. TUB accounts of the English Navy are bnt few uniill the ret^n of Henry the Eighth but as Ihe. oflice of Admiral was established so enrly as the reign of Edward the Fits), and perhaps John; and we flint Fltz ailan appointed Admiral of England by Richard the Second and Spelman j has given ux a list of Admirals from Henry the Third, we ma infer that our Princes had some .hips of their own, besides the occasional ones furnished by tfie Cinque Port*, &e. The first instance, and it is a curious one. as it mentions cannon employed Ofl board a <hip, occurs in Rvmer's f 'ccdt ra (vol. viii.h. 447). It is an order j to Henry S<>m<-r, keeper of Mir- private ward/obe in the 'lower, to deliver lo Master Lovenev, i Treasnier of I'hilippa, Queen of Sweden (who was then sent by her uncle, Henry the Fourth, to her husband,) in the ship called the Quern's Hall, II gun«, 44 lb. of powder for gunnes, 4 touchp*, S tire-pans, 40 pavy s, 24- bows, and 4u sheaves of arrow*, with other articles pro stuf- fuia rjusdeni navis, oriiin :(a pro Aula ltegitix. Henry the Fif,h, -t his first of France, appears t) have had two large and beautiful ships 01 hi,. own, with purple sails,the one called the 11 Kiug's Chamber," the other his 11 llalf." Edward the Fourth and several ships of his own, which he employed sometimes in war, aiid often for trade, iu which lie dealt largely. I: appears from Canning's (the ilrisiol merchant) monument in Radclitfe Church, Bristol, that he one time furnished this Prince with 2470 tons of shipping ID purchase his peace among which were the Mary and John of 900 tons, and the Mary Radcliffe of 500 tons, being two of the largest ships belonging to any Englishman at lhat earl) period, though many of equal size, and larger, are to he found amongst the Genoese and Venetians ot the time. lit 14^1, in an order from the King, to his Beloved Richard Symonds, Master of his ship the Grace de Dieu," to prepare an armament against his Majesty's enemy the King of Scots, he mentions under the title of the Kiog' ships" the Henry, the Anthony, the Great Portingale, the Spugoard, and the Heury Ashe and also directs letters patent 10 be issused to the commanders of five others, who had not shili. belonging to the King, but some which seem to have been hired. We find also from other do cuments, that impressing of seamen for the King's service *s» practised at this time, per- tirtps much earlier. It appears that our ships were now built larger alslJ; for in the earlier siages of them, they were of small size, and even consisted, for the most parr, of decked Vessels, with one jntsi only. lie the famous Armada of Edward the Thud, though it consisted of 1,100 vessels the men oil hoard them were only 11,166 ery iii,te more than 10 men per vessel; and though, in the proportion of those furnished by the City of London, we find them It little larger, they do not exceed 26 men per vessel in that class. It is therefnie to the reign of Henry the Eighth we must look for the establishment of a reular oay. Before his reign, ships were hired occasionally from the Venetians, the Ge- noese, and Hans Towns, and other tralfing; peo- Irle. These, with such as were supplied by the Cinque Ports, formed the strength of our Eng- lish fleeu. As soon as the service was per- formed for which they were hired, they were dismissed- Henry, aware of the inconveniency of suddenly I collecting so great a sea force as hi* frequent wars on the Continent required, resolved to form such a peiniatiem "u'11 by scj, as his political views, and the growing state of trade, at that time so much increased by the discoveries of the East and West ludies, and the enlarged communications with our neighbours on the con- tinent, seemed ta make necessary. The recent íntrOllnc: hn of cannon on board I ships of war, had also made it oecessary that the size of them should be enlarged. And though there were at that time employed in the business of commerce, some that were pretty considerable as appears in the case of those belonging to Canning, the number of ihetn was very small, and the general siae otatle them also incompetent for the purposes of war in the manner it began to be carried OR. To eiecuie this plan, Henry established build- ing yards at Woolwich, Deptford, and Chatham. He was aotfiru obliged to hife foreign artificers, as we find by-a curious report made to James the First in the year 1618, in answer to acommissiuo issued by that Prince to his several mailer buil- ders, It specifies that— King Henry the Eighth made use of Italian shipwrights but encouraging his own people to bosld strong ships of war to carry great ordnance he "by that means established a puissant navy, which at the end of his reign tonsisied of 70 vessels, whereot 30 were ships c.» burtheu and contained in all 10,550 tons, and two galleys the rest were small barks and row barges, from 80 tons downwards to 15 tons, which served in rivers, and for landing of men. Edward Ihe Sistb, in the sixth year of his reign had but 53 rivers, and for landing of men. Edward the Sistb, in the sixth year of his reign had but 53 ships, containing in all 11,005 tons, with 7,905 men, whereof only 28 vessel, were above 20 tons each. Queen Mary hnd but 46 of all sorts. I Thus much from the Report. Though we are not acquainted with all the par- ticular shi (js that formed Ihe navy of Heury the Eighth, we know that amongst them were two very large ones, viz. ihe Regent, and the Harry Grace de Dien; the former being burnt in an engagement with the French, in 1512, occasioned Henry to build the latier. And it we consider the ships that formed the tmy in the first year A Edward the Sixth, as the navy left by his ¡ father, we shall be surprised at the siate to which he raised it. The consCructill" of the ships at this period, tiowover, was rude and imperfed, and the mode of fighting them does not .seem. 'o have been much better; for we find iu the action, 1546, be- tweeu the two gieat fleets of Fiance and England the former consisting of ninety, and the latter of 100 vessels, that after a clost 5;hf of /wo hours, according to the observation of a Fiench historian there were not lei«s than 300 shots fired en butti 100 vessels, that after a clost 5;hf of ioto hour. according to theohserva tiuuora Fiench historian there were not leis than 300 shots fired en butti sides; whereas Lord Rodney, in his memorable engagement, to which the yille de Paris was uken, tiied from his own ship, as be himself re- ported, eleven broadiities, whith, as she carried 98 uns, was prohtbly almost double the number fired on both sides between these two oiighty fleets. In the earlier state of naval eugaegmtin, before the inirodui tion of cannon, the manner of fight was still ruder, and more Oarharous for the combatanis fought nO plillform raised on the decks of the YeSSI. Tiiis, mode of fight continued uufi! 1213, and was practised ill the great fight that year between the Fiench and! I Engitsh fleets. It mu-u have been attended with a great ileal m ire slaughter than that which iol- lowell the UI; ot eaimno. In ihe reign of Ei'Z<heth, we see with plea- sure the brilliant si^e of our rumg navy The waig she was oblige! to cairy on w ith ji^aio not only obliged her to increase ii, hut were the oc- casion HI hieedmg up such a rare of naval herpes, a. 110 iIe or COIli! c\('r ;It,¡u(;d ,'ndIIO the same compass ot time —<!■;<! the name ot L, h. ¡ Drake, Fotbisher, Cavendish, Cumberland, and 1 niauy others, need but be mentioned lo be it- membered with honour by 'their grateful coun- trymen. | During the peaceful reign of James, the navy rather declined than advanced, consisting (,#)Iy of whereas Elizabeth had left him 17.330. Charles I. built but few ship., land those not large ones. The troubles of his I application to this important subject, which he however seemed to be weil acquainted with.— During ihe Interregnum, it appears that the size of the ships was not increased and that the great naval officer, the gillant Blake, was more intent on making honourable us* of the ships he found built, than of adding much to their number, and nothing to their magnitude. The ships built in the reign of William the I'hirtJ, iti,)t)gh ?by added greatly to the number, did not very much add to the size, of them for, except a new Royal Sovereign, built Inward# the end of his reign, of 1892 (t)ni, anti which remain. ed a serviceable ship till about 1736, we fiud no other that equalled the magnitude of the Bri tanni* or 1,715 tons, which was built by Charles the Second. Our first-rates are now about 2,3 0 tons, our second-rates above 2,000, and one of them has been even 2,100 tons; our eighties from 1,900 to 2,000 tons j our seventies from 1,700 to upward of 1,800 tons; and our sixty- fours are above 1,400, with calibre of guns that they now ciii hear very well. The triumph of art and industry is no where more fully evinced than in tracing this gradual progress from the first simple raft. or a few logs of wood tied together to- pass a single man over some inconsiderable river, up to our present first rates of at.ove 2,300 ions, able to carry eleven or twelve hundred men, with every accomfttoda- tiott. all, a nii,tierotis aii(i heavy rlilletv, ;icrofs a turbulent, tempestuous ocean, for many months. This gradnal progress cannot he better ascer tnined than by a short summary ot the states of our NFlvy through the different periods mention- ed, Henry VIII. left a Navy of 1(1,550 tons, consisting of seventy-one vessels, of which thirty were shiplI of burden. Edward VL had fifty- three ships, containing 11,005 tons, of which onlv twenty-eight were abowe eighty tons. Queen Mary had only forty-six of all sorts. Qiieev) Elizabeth's consisted of 17.030 tons, of which 30 ships were of 2001008, end upwards. The pacific reign of James 1. added Only 1596 tons lo the Navy, left by Elizabeth. or bUIll I these only eighteen were ships of v00 tons and upwards. Charles I. added only nine ships, be- sides the Royal Sovereign, But, in givin* this last, he did great service to the Navy, by increas- ing the size as well as improving the form of building ships of war. Charles I I., iu [684, en- larged the number as well as the size of them to 100,385 tons one hundred sail of them of the line. In 1697 it was increased to 168,224 tons, one hundred and thirty one line of battle. At the end of Anne it was 147,830 tons, 131 line of battle in 1730, 160,275 tons, 126 line of battle lit the end of 1745, 165,635 tons but at the end of 1782. when ihe American war ended, during which Great Britain halt (tie united naval force of Frame, Spain, Holland, and the American States t4) content] with, and did it honour and success, the exertion was indeed extraordinary for our Navy consisted of 491,705 tons, 615 ves- sels, whereof 164 were of the Line, although they had increased nearly to their present mag- nitude, The number of seamen was answerable to the increase of ships j for instead of 40,000, the usual Hllotmeut voted for the Navy during the reign of Anne, and long afterwards, (he. astonishing num- ber ot 95.000, were frequently employed on board during the heat of the American war, Iud abat without injury to the merchant sefvica.
Extraordinary instance of Suspended Mental and Bodily Functions. f THE following singular case was related hv Sir Astfey Cooper in his Lecture of Wednesday Usf The circumstance which I shall mention is one, which, whether we regard it ill a calor surgIcal point of view, is, perhaps, one of the most extraordinary which ever occurred ,• and as connected with surgery and physiology, ) aUt surprised that it has not made a greater impres- sion on the public mind than if appears to have done. A man was pressed oil hoard of one. 0f (,js Majesty's ships, early in the late revolutionary war. While on board this vessel, in the Medil terranean, he received a fall, from the yard-arm, ,Jl)rj when picked up, he was found to be insensi- ble. The vessel soon after making Gibraltar, he was deposited in a hospital at that place, where he remained for vom,! months, still insensible • and slime time after he was brought by sailors to Deptford. While he was at Deptford, the sur- geon under whose care he was, was visited by Mr. Davy, who was then an apprentice at tills hospital; the surgeon said to Mr. Davy, • [ hgyg- a case which I think you would like to see. 11 iq a man who has been insensible for many months; he lies on his back with very few signs of life he breathes, indeed, has a pulse, and some motion in his fingers but in all other reli, pects he is apparently deprived of all powers of mind. volition, or sensation.' Mr. Davy went to see the case and on examit)il)g The patient, found that there was a slight depression Oil one part of the head. Being informed of the accident which had occasioned this depression, he recom- menderlthe maa to be sent to St. Thomas's Hos- pital. He was placed under the care of Mr. Cline and when he was fiist admitted into this •'« -("til, I saw him lying on his back, breathing .,thoti( any greal (Iifft(:tilry his pulse regular, fus arms extended; and his fingers moving to aud fro to the motiou of his heart so that you could count hit pulse by this motion of his fin- gers. If he wanted food, he had the power of moving his lips and longue; and thi action of his mouih was the signal lo tus attendants lor supplying this wanf. Mr. Cline, on examining his head, found an obvious depression and 13 months and a few days afterlhc accident, he was carried into the operating theatre, and there trephined. The depressed portion of bone was elevated from the skull. While lie was lying oil the table, the uio- tion of his fingers went on during the operation, but no sooner was the portion of bone raised than it ceased. The operation was performed at one o'clock in the afternoon; and at four o'clock, as I wss walking through the wards, I went lip to the man's bed-side, and was surprised to see him sitting up in his bed, He had raised himllelfon tli. pillow. I asked hi in if he felt any pain, and he immediately put .hrs hand to his head. In four days Irom the time, he was able to get out of bed,and hegan to converse and in a few days more was able to tell us where he came from.— He recollected the circumstance of his having been pressed, and carried dowp to Plymouth, or Falmouth hut from that moment up to Ihe time when the operation was performed (that is, for a period of 13 months and sbme days,) his mind had remained in a state of perfect oblivion. He had drunk, as it were, the cup of Lethe he had suffered a complete death, as.far as regarded his mental and almost all his bodily powers but, by removiog a small portion of bone with the saw, he was at once restored to all the func- tions of his mind, and almost all the powers of hit body."— The Lancet.
v HINTS TO PURCHASERS OF LACE, STOCKINGS AND WOOLLEN CLOTH. Loce,- Formerly L"ee used to be made upon cushions &< and no person was afraid of tumbling it nay, the more it was totted the t)e;ter it looked; but now that machinery 19 employed, it)sleati of making it from real good double thread, large quantities are made frofn collon; and to tt);.ke it li)oi;. clear at),,l ricle, it is stiffened with starch and no sooner does it be- come washed, than it falls to pieces. I I) some articles of larev particularly veils, many of the sprigs and fl >wers are so contrived as to be only- put upon the lace wiih gum, so that wheu they become wet, the sprigs, &c. fail off. Stockings. --It being almost the universal practice '0 ju(!¡re .of 'he IHHIt;e.¡g or flroGf;lnlitf.oy examining (tie c-aif, as it is called, the makers take care that they shall always he it) that part. All intending purchaser should take the strength of the foot, and especially the heel, for its gitidatice. Another deception is resorted to, to make the stockings have a stout appear- ance, which is not *n eas ly detected j the bleach- era use stoves, in which they burn brimstone, which imparts to the stocking a stiffness In confirmation of what I mentioned, in a for- mer communication, respecting the stiffening of fus'ians, f have to mention that one person ill this town has frequently used ^400 worth of glije. &e, per week tor no other purpose. Woollen ClotA.- In the manufacture of coarse woollen cloth, it is common to intioduce quan- tities of fetter's eerth. and to finish the pressed side with fine -oil, so as to give the cloth a fine, soft, and smooth appearince- It is advisable never to make choice of cloth that is glossy and stilf.
FROM THE LONDON PACKET. St ft.-—Having had some experience of the dif- ficulties ot a N ■' ivsiiaper Editor's situation, and of the impossibility of. avoiding .occasional iui positions by Couatry Correspondents, and Pro- vincial Jitrimiilisis, I can easily understand how the error which I am about to correct, trelit ioto your CO!UiOlI!i, The Mr- Mathston [Mattinsonj whose death you annuunced on Monday as having occurred lalf.ty, died SH IOfl" ago as the 31!it of January, 1766. The following account ot him is given in au agreeable Tour ( published 1816,,) hy, as I be- lieve, the Rev. T. H. Home, the distinguished Biblical Scholar. I aii>, S.r, your constant Reader, C •' 1\1; Matniison [not MathstonJ was Minis- ter ol this place ( Pai tersdale ) for 60 years, and died Jan. SI, 1766 His stipend, nil within 20 years of his- dla'h, was only £ 12 per HDIIUIII, and (though augmented from Queeis Anne's bounty,) never exceeded = £ IS. On tins Income he mar- ried, and brought oil four children and when he died, at she age of 83, he left jt'1000 to his fa- mily. Ifith uih.-it singular simplicity and inat lenlion If) forms, w/nt h rhuriictsrize a country tike this, he himself rend the Burial Service over his mother: he married his fi/ther to a second wife, and afterwards buried him. The first infant whom he bapiized, after he had received holy orfie, to, when she was 19 years old, agreed to marry him, I and lie puflisheit their bnnns of marriage in tilo Church he himself married his four children, from whom he saw 17 stand children spring .be- forc his dcalh. With so small a s:ip; tid as the above it appears scatcely credible,• even that a miser shou'it be aide 'o »(-cumulate. such a sum but it should appear that iVLniins .11 hid one or two other resources, which essentially aided his purse; though, t-veii with these additions, it is sufficiently extiaoidinary that he should have left to large au amount behind him, He and his Wife carded and spun Hint portion of ttie tiitie wool which I e 11 to his let, namely, one-third and, frf'it a school that he taught, he added about at'5 per'annum to his income. His wife was expert as a midwi'e, performing her obstet- rical operations for ihe small sum of one Sllillitig lier profits, however, on these occasions, were further increased by some culinary perquisites; as, in compliance with au ancient custom, she in- variably officiated as cook at the christening dinner. On the day of her nuptials, her father is said t;) have boasted that his two daughters were married to the two best men in Pattersdale -the Priest aud the Bag-piper The property, amassed by the singular economy of Mattinsou, proved of littl» benefit to its possessors; after his death it was squandered by his widow "and ctiil(lren, iii(i %tie wiiq in the College of Matrons, at Wigtou, for the Widows of Indigent Protestant Clergymen, Episeopally Ordained, -•
THE REV. C. C. COLTON. YESTSKDAY being ths day appointed for the final examination of this gentleman under the commission of bankruptcy sued out against him, the ball, when the Commissioners met, ill rho singhall-stieet, was crowded at an early hour. The Commissioners present on the occasion were John Beaucletk, John Dyneley, and Jeifi ies Sprauger, Esqrj. Some expectations were entertained, that Mr. Cotton himself would, if in the country, make his appearance at this examination, to avoid the se- rious consequence ot his absence; or that at least some account would be given to the meeting as to the truth or falsehood of the various re- ports of his having been lately seen ie London but nothing of the subject was at all mentioned at the meeting, and his absence, therefore, re- ulains as unaccounted for as before. Very few debts were proved on this occasion. The following were the only creditors that ap- peared for that purpose :— Messrs. Hoare aud Co. ballk,rs, 15s. 7 d.f Messrs. Lubbock, and Co. bankers, £ 43 8s. 6.I.; Mr. Smith, oilman, Blackmail street, Borough, a £ 16IOs. Mr. Charmau, jeweller, Piccadilly, for diamonds and rubie.9, X268 3s. I0d.; Mr. Wheeler, of Crutcbedfriars, wiue-merchant, £ 440. Mr. Gale, the solicitor to the consmissiop, ob- jected to the debt of Mr. Wheeler; but ibi,.o gentleman fi-ire that the wine was supplied by hielerk to Mr. Colton, and that he,Mr. Wheeler had no idea or suspicion that the itev. geittle- olio ilealt in wine or any other trade, but that he wanted it solely for hit; own ohqe. The debt was then admitted. Mr. Thomas Hawly, of the Strand, jeweller, and Mr. Gassiot, of Mark lane, wine-merchant, werèappGioted assi¡:nees," The usual time having elapsed without the bankrupt appearing to his cdmmissiou, the Com- missioners directed that the formal proclama- tion of outlawry shoutd be made against him in the ball, at the hour of midnight Tuesday night. The unaecoantable absence of the above gen- tleraan has produced the following opinion, trans mined to us by a Correspondent:—" A gang of villains have existed in London for a number of years commonly called resurrection-men, or persons who nightly plunder the sepulchres of the dead, and dispose of them to the surgeons for dissection. It happened during my residence in the great city, that I became acquainted with a publican in the neighbourhood of Guy's Hospital who gave me a strange account of thoge rascals which the mysterious disappearance of Mr, Col- ton so strongly returns to my memory. He stated that he knew four or five of those wretches who had acquired handsome fortunes by this infamous traffic, and described them as men completely di- vested of all the good feelings of human nature He alwoinforUHid me, that he was confident from their conversation, that give them an opportu- nity, they would not hesitate to kill any person, strip the body, and put it into a sack, for which they can obtain from three, to five guineas,— A sailor, some years ago, was stiot-ially wounded in one of the low brothels near Chandos-street, but contrived to make his escape out of the house towards St. Churct) a watchman, on going Is is rounds, found (he poor fellow dying; lie instantly ran off to get assistance, and though but a few seconds away, upon his return fouud the body gone, and till search made to recover it proved fruitless. Vor some days it caused a great ferment in the public mind, it' being sup- posed that tontt of the resuirection-mon had first i robbed and wounded him, and finally took away rhe bOdl. 10111'11. I do nut wish to be too severe on these traiffckers in human flesh, for in a large place like Loudon, where ticath so often happens, a surgeon is not obliged to know or to ask how tlife subject in the sack met with his death; and it is well known, (tilt by keeping the j ho.dy a lew days, it would have the appearauce of i being taken out of the grave 1"