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ACCOUNT OF THE LATE HOSTILE

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ACCOUNT OF THE LATE HOSTILE STATES IN INDIA. (From a letter, dated Futteghur, June 12.) 1. The Sieks possess a large tract (It coun- try their tribes are headed by Ru inject Sing, a warlike and ambltiUltS leader T'lor usual military establishment may be esti mated at i 28,000 men. The Sieks under our protectton can bring into the field about 17,000 soldiers. I At the breaking out of tiie Nepaul" war,ibis state was fortunately engaged ;u a war with Kashmcre, and threatened b \e King of Corhui. 2dly, SindiaH has about 40,UOO soldiers; he in said to be m close alliance «itb the Rajah of Berar and with the Bhurtpou Rajah He has acquired much strength sii-t-e tt-c Mahratta war, by bringing tire feudatory States under his immediate controul. Silly, Ameer Khan may have 20,000 soldiers; j Muhomed Shah and Lall Sing, who generally set with him, can bring 20,000 more into the field. A Kb in is ,,eneraliv much in waiit of money, and when his troops become uitmnoas for being kept in auears, lie gives them per- haps halt their pay, with authority to plunder to the amount o! what is still due to them. 4thly, Ilolkar is poor, and has onij 17,000 men. Ameer Khan, Mafmmed atid Lall Sing are nominally his Generals. 5lhly, The Pindares are a tribe of military adventurers, who having followed the stand ards of different Chie's, and from the present tranquil state of Hindoatan, being out of em- have joined with other brigands, and have cemented themselves in o one great tly ol 40,000 soldiers. fhese hardy troops in test the neighbouring provinces for plunder, aird will fight under •<ny Ci-ief W/I() wlii best pay them. They may l>e compared to ti e compa- nies which infested the provinces of France, 111 the lime ot our EdwardSd, and who first drove Peter the CruclofSpalll fi-oi-ri his fbroue, and then, under the Black Prm-ce, replaced that Monster, I have now given you an account of most of the principal States which 1 consider dccid edly hostile to us,* to those countires which j subsidize frolll us have notrcletred.) because power is taken out of their hands. You are aware that the immediatec auses of the Nepaui war were the depn^datious, et)- croachments, and murders which five Goorkabs; commuted on the hrillsh frontier, and which their Government reiused to make any atone- ment for whatever. The reasons for bringing matters to an immediate iIJsltc were (hC/w- that the Goorkalrs were becoming every day more powerful: (hat HI our opinion, thegreat and good support of out power in India, would have been much wcakcucdbythÙtowaróiy sufferance of such lawless cruelties, and such shameless aggressions. I'iie general state of 11 Is India too, presumed a fortunate itit)iiieiit.- The Sicks were engaged in a difficult war, and Ihe other hostile powers, though formidable, i-iot had time to coalesce against us; nor Odd they, nor could they derive aid or assist, auce from any European power. cir- cumstances are the more worthy of considera- tion, because the Nepaui nation possess all that bravery which characterises mountaineers; they have been inured to war, and 'hey ifilia- bit a country, which to subdue, even when divided into petty states, had batHed all the efforts of the most formidable of the Mogul coti(lue,rorsi so that by a superstitious people th.s country was foolishly thought to be pro- kcled oy magic, No sooner was the war decided «pon, thaft stores were provided, by which timely arrange- ment, and by giving the soldiers money iu hen of half of, half their rations, the expences of the war have not exceeded one half of the original estimate, and which, 1 must tell you, was calculated upon the scale of former wars, and lor an army of 30,000 instead of 40,000 men.. to which number it has been augmented. 1 will explain this matter to you by purchas- ing provssions at a favourable moment, they were obtained at a Jow rate* and by giving thetnen money in lieu of half their rations, if the Oxpence of conveyance of food, which in this hilly country could not be carried upon men's shoulders, was saved. The troops Wen. nevertheless well fed, and satisfied with the at The general plan of the campaign now t, rl claims your attention. It was necessary to guard our immense line of frontier against all those powers which I have embraced under the denomination of "hostile States," and to prevent them from confederating. For this purpose, the Madras and Bombay armies were advanced, and ordered to hover close to their frontiers, whilst that portion of the Bengal force, which was not otherwise engaged, pro. tected from insult the upper provinces. This done, 30,000 mea were prepared for the inva- sion of Nepaui. Their territory, extending above 800 miles, required as well to prevent the Goorkahs from making incursions and laying waste our country as to make a sirong and general impression upon theirs, that we should invade them from several points at the same moment. Acting upon this principle, four divisions entered their country i. e. two to the westward and near to the Sul leege, and two to tbeeastward upon Catmanda, the capital. Let us first consider the move- ment of the western division Geueral Ochterlony, a man of reputation, both as a soldieraud a diplomatist, commanded the most westerly division. His first enter- prise was an attempt upon Terragwery; after much labour he succeeded in getting up his cannon. He then cannonaded the butwoiks, or stockades, repelling several bold sallies, and got possession of them. This accomplished, I and having by au able movement cut off all la I supplies from the garrison, he laid seige to the body of the place, and soon forced the eneiiiy to abandon it. t'lae enemy, under I Ameer Sing, then takes up an aliiioni impreg- nable position. General Orhterlonv circum scribes them, cuts otf their communication I with the Biiiarpore R <ja;i, from wlitn-n the\ drew their Sllllpli", and by that means forces hirn to join issue. Gen. Ochterlony next makes a hold attack upon their fortified posi- tion, takes their stockades, kills 500 of ihem, and drives ttiem into Malouen. He invests thai place, and forces Ameer Sing to eapitu- late, and he obliges him at the SaIne lime to e iter into terms for the capitulation of the other vesteru army under iiaibnddah Sing, his son, giving up by this treaty iii the for- tresses within the range of their extensive dts j tncts. | The other western army wa# commanded j by Giiespie, he who saved Bel(»re and cou- quered Java. Gilespie moved upon Catunger, aud ordered it to he stormed all points at -the same rJsomeut Unfortunately some of the dtdid u it come up in tftiie, and the others loss many men and could make no ii) pressiou Geueral G's observing the disastrous state of things, flew to the head ..tlhe attack- ing column, but not being vigorously se.. conded, he failed, 4iid lost his iife in the at tempt, Let this be our censure—Gilespie was too brave General Martindeli succeeded to tlve command- Another unsuccessful attempt was made to storm this place. The brave defenders, however, had suffered so much, j that they retired from the fort. The enemy under Balbuddah Sing, moved off to Naken, which »hej abandoned without resistance.— They then tou-K up a fortified position on the heights near Jietuck. Driven from this, they retired into ttie foriress, wtiieli, as before stated, surrendered by General Ocbterlony's treaty. Lpt me now call your attention to the con- duct of the eastern -,rite army under the command of General Sullivan Wood was in its first attempt beaten back from SlIme slrong stockades. He then laid waste to J Uve countr) called the Terace. His last effort was upon ButWall, a strong place, which he was obliged to abandon. After this more than one mill tary error was committed General vlartindel had lost two detachments of 500 men each, and other circumstances of a disastrous nature oc- curred. To counteract the evils arising from the fatal supineness of one or two Officers, a fifth army was pushed into Kamoueo. which, from the want ofolher superior Officers, was commanded by Col. Nicholls, the Q.M.G 5 this arm' having got POII- sesion of the pasies, pushed to the caijital.- the enemy sent out a force from Almora to cut off their supplies* this lorce was attacked and lotuetl. Col. N. finding that his troops were elated cy this success, and cboceivieg that the enemy most be proportionably dispirited, he de- termined not to wait for his battering train, but to make all immediate attack upon the fortress. lie did so, and gained a considerable portion of the town. At night his force was attacked sword iu hand by the Goorkhas; however they were \'i°^rously repulsed, and the town and province was s»an a-.ter surrendered by treaty, The re- sult of all these eti'orts was our getting posses- sion ol all the country from the Sill lege to the Gogra. ° In a commercial point of view, the possession of Kamouen and Sounagur will open to us the trade of Chinese Tariary. which I have no doubt will he lucrative heyond the most sanguine hopes. [I regard to the expences of the war, the pos- session of the Tcrace of itself will more than repay ¡ t.

WEST CO.-i.S • OF AFRICA.

MAJkK E I S.

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!COPY OF THE DUKE. OF WELLINGTON'S…

----'-FREDERICA OF WATERLOO.

ISOCIETY FOR THE ENCOURAGEMENT…

..,.....,.-Peace with all…