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:..T./.'LONDON. '.I


..T. LONDON. I s.i,7,uR,Dliy, ii,4Y; We have translated from the Monileur offi- cial Documents, winch give a very alarming picturfof the state of the public mind in Trance. We have had complaints in the Paris Papers of apathy in the Depsrtment of the N orln. of the massacre of Prefects, and of the oneniug of private letters.; but the cases were either few, and the evil vaguely described or local. All reserve is however now thrown aside, and the Government speaksout plainly. A Report made by Fouche states, that thure exists a correspondence carried on in concert with foreign agents, throughout 'France, for the purpose of exciting disaffection towards the existing Govertnietit-tbat Secret Com- mittees are forming in the several towns, and various acts pf violence have becti-coinmitted, particularly in the Northern and Western De- partments, Those plans and machinations are now arrived at maturity, and threaten a genera! explosion. Armed bands have made their appearance in the Departments of the Maine and Loire, and the Lower Loire, and various acts of rdreHion are represented to have taken place fu theNorlh. This alarming state of* the country, for the details of which we, refer to the Report, is probably the real cause pf Bonaparle's continuance in Paris so long aftef his approaching departure was an siouncgdjOn th«9Ui lie signed a Decree, reo quiring all Frenchmen in the seryice_of ua, •'••potrrbons to TfctuVn io France^ tiiider :Oerl?Lin. '■'■penalties. a»ic! for ihe'punisbfneut of all per- rons holding correspondence with them,- Trum one of the articles of this' Decree, the tearing Sown of the tri-coloured flag appears to be one of the most prevatent outrages coiu- plained of. A vessel arrived at Newhaven zu Friday from Dieppe, i-Iiieh she left the same morn- ing. "Orders had art ived al Dieppe for all the fisheraien to be drafted for the service of the army. The fishermen immediately roseHT a mass, and refused to be drafted, declaring, -that thev would resist to the last extremity. and that they were all lor Louis the I8th.— On Thursday a body of National. Guards pa- raded the town; and yesterday 2000 troops of the line were expected to compel the fisiier- nV^iv to march. Disturbances were expected. The King of Wurteroberg in a message to liis Slates General, dated the lthof ,April, an- nounces that lie to ravse and main- tain 20,000 troops for the approaching war; and while he calls upon them for extraordi nary supplies, he at the same time states,"that lie has taken every necessary step to obtain a share in the subsidies which may be granted for the general cause of all tile Powers oCEu- Tope", Preparations for the defence of Lyons have been adopted similar to those at Paris, and General Girard, it is said, has made a move- ment in the direction of PiedinctU. Mural's army is represented tuastateofto- 1al disorganization. The Board of Trade at Copenhagen has pub- lished a tiotice., that no ships shall" dear out for Frenpi) ports, imr shall any French vessels be admitted into Danish ports, except under live white flag. This intelligence is contained iii the PapcrsbrougfJt by two Hamburgh Mails arrived'this morning. Private lexers from the Netherlands state, that the British troops expected to march to- wards Mons for the purpose of concentrating, nadpart of the force to be hulled, each officer is obliged to be provided with a tent, a ruat. trass, and a'blanket .1 An Austrkui Paper states, that the Emperor Frartcis1 army no tv consists of 345,000 infantry, 85,000 light infantry, 60,000 cavalry, & 13.000 artillery, distributed into 57 regiments of the line, 78 light/ battalions, 97 regiments of ca- valry, and four of arti-ilery. The Duke of Wellington has desired to have a corps of Ponlooners formed and sent to the army, as from thetlatureof the service in which they are to be engaged in he Low Countries, persons versed in throwing ever he particularly useful. Admiral Lord Keith is appointed to the command of the Channel Fleet, and Sir R. Strachan to be seeond in commands Admiral Sir Benjamin Hallowell, is appointed to the command of the Lis-boti-statioix The arrival of Lucien Bonaparte at Paris, so immediately after the letter which he is under- slood to have written to the house of Messrs. Baring, requesting them to procure a passport for him aud his family to return to England, there to take up their resideir-ce, is at least cu- rious. With what view has he gone to Paris? To accept of the office to which he was said to be appoiiited-or to remonstrate with his bro- ther against his re-ascension of the Imperial Throne ? Nothing of what is passing in France transpires through the Paris Papers. b The ALLIED Arimy.-—Louis XVIII. in his Proclamation to the French nation says, that u 1,200,000 men are marching against the Usurper. As such large numbers give no dis- tinct idea, for no persons ever saw such a multitude at once, it may be well to a few calculations to assist the understanding. At thcaverage step of a soldier on the march, oije step of each makes -600 miles, and will wear put one pair of shoes; so that, if they march 25 miles in one day, they will wear out 50,000 pair of shoes and the whole distance travelled wlil be thirty millions of miles, or equal to twelve hundred times round tite-lobe of theearth at theequatorl If the whole of the armies were drawn ul) in a single line, al- Jowing-two feet to each man, the- line would extend from London to Edinburgh! If any el persons think this is a puerile way of calcula- tioii,, let-lhciti remember that astronomers, by way of giving an idea of the immense distance «f the Iksaveuly bodies, tell us how long a raunoii. ball would be of passing to one of them, at a given velocity. Those astrono- t- y mer know, that to speak of great numbers in the abstract, gives nodistiuct or corresponding idea. To a million of minutes, for example, we tix no accurate idea and when reduced to monthsjt becomes accurate* When we say that the French Revolution has cost England one thousand millions of guineas, we affix no proper idea to that sum but when we are told that the money would build five hundred churches like St. Paul's, or purchase half the lauds of the kingdom, or build ten cities, each as large as London, we begin to form some idea of the obligation we owe to the French, t) DECLARATION OF LOUIS XVIII, Louis, by the Grace of God, King of France and anHr-To all our subjects, greeting— France, free and respected, was enjoying, by on care/the peace and prosperity which had been restored to it, when the escape of Napoleon Bonaparte, from the Islatid-of Elba and his éÍp- pearance on the French territory, seduced to re- volt the greatest part of the army. Supported by this illegal force, lie has made usurpation and tyranny succeed to the equitable empire of the laws. The efforts and the indignation-of our subjects, the majesty of the throne, and that of the na- tional representation, have yielded to the vio- lence of a mutinous soldiery, whom treacherous and perjured leaders hitve seduced by deceitful hopes. This criminal success having excited in Europe just alarms, formidable armies have been put in march towards France, and all the Powers have decreed the destruction of the tyrant. Our first care, as our first duty, has been to cause a just and necessary distinction to be recog- nised befween the disturber of the peace and the oppressed French nation. Faithffil to the principles which have always guided theni- the Sovereigns, our Allies, have de- clared their intention to respect the independence of France, and to guarantee the integrity of its territory > They have given us the most solemn assurances,, that they will not interfere in the in-. tenia! government, and it is on these conditions wehave respited to accept their generous assist- ance.. "Tfce Usurper has in vain attempted to sow dis- sentions among them, and, by a feigned modera- tion, to,disarm their just resentment. His whole -life has for ever deprived him of the power of imposing upon good faith. Despairing of the sucqess of his artitices, he seeks, for the second time, to with himself into the allY5s I the nation over which be causes terror to reign tie renews all the departments of administration.,1 in order to fili them wholly with men sold to his tyranuic,ii 1)roje(.,ts he disorgaiiises.,Ihe National Guard, whose blood he intends to slavish in a sactitegibus war; he begins to abolish riglits which have been long since abolished he con- vokes a pretended Field of Mai to multiply the accomplices of his usurpation he promises to proclaim in the midst of bayonets, a derisory insitation-pf that constituting which, after 25 years of disorders and palamities, had for the. first time founded on a solid Ljasis the libert,y and the happiness of France. Finally, he has consum- mated the greateH of all crimes towards our sub- jects, by attempting fo separate them from their Sovereign, to tear them away from our family, whose existence, which for so many ages has been identified with that of the nation itself, is still at this moment the only thing, that can guarantee the stahility of the legitimacy of the Govern- ment, the rights and the liberty of the people, the mutual interests of France and of Europe. In these circumstances we rely with entire con- fidence on the sentiments of our subjects, who cannot fail to perceive the dangers and the mise- ries to which they are exposed by a man whom assembled Europe has devoted to public ven- geance.- All the Powers know the dispositions of France. We are assured of their amicable Views and of their support. Frenchmen seize the means of deliverance, wlijeli, are offered to your courage. Rally round your King, your father, the defender of all your rights—hasten to him, to assist him in saving yon, to put an end to a revolt, the prolongation of which might become fatal to our country, and by the punishment of the author of so many evils, to accelerate the era of a general reconci- liation. Given at Ghent, the second day of the month of May, in the year of our Lord, one thous- and eight hundred and fifteen, and the twen- tieth year of out reign. (Signed) LOUIS.





Second Edition,