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•C0.'.PIK'O FRC X TU'IJ SUN…
•C0.PIK'O FRC X TU'IJ SUN >' W SI1 A F^ St. The in 'i jcflSiii: .•icii'iii; asc!v-"> vd -o a fa. j "Bennett,.? .diiti-ewrer wor;I. :en pounds j a yesr, in-\VI!"shire,extt n ed irom ua on Friday j -a briei a roan ai rise fns.-<tries of l>" «« life* and | •we so far overcome the shock oar uncier- »stan••*msi-s-reoeived upon (hat occasion, as to. re- r • f>o a -.V 'neii-isry su,hs. Mr. JJ .ii' it se' e.fi,;ds t- iuipoisihicto'v, c, t-ij Ins se;aL income in this Count n .and ur.'ess the Li will put a prohibitive duty cac he im~ .porfaiioii of Foreign Corn, t-a that ii.is rental .may '■becoue more adequate to his wants, he has an soiufi'ly threatened to transport hiiiiseli and fa- mily to some other country, where the -ess; Tic* i life are cheaper, anil more within the .aii- pass of his diode rote means Now, though we arc extremely unwilling to lose Mr. Bennett, a ad really sorry to tiiink that ihe severe pressure of Ue ti nes upon his scanty fortune should banish his family from their native land, wc must con- ti)e indulging ■him in rhe -v:h w.; eh would render his remain- ing amongst «■< prnci icabte, are so very strong, tha-. grievous ;>s cur alffiction may he, we must to ;lei family depart, than hit- ny duft on grain to raise its'price above ra'e --it which the labour of the this n ti f,) he -nea'o-i lightly, even'iu compliment to the cxaggeratr- distress of any Land-owner, ■wr»-tiuT • (U.0001 or 5001. a year. Ii m a I- ■ ■ ■ he rdecision of which, not only r -rea ii oii, we believe, t'.e r .ace uus Nation depends •; and its vi- tal well as its ex- c.sovc int tcacy and diiffculty, mark it as one v'hu; ought to be approached with the most guarded caution, and investigated with the most tensoiuus* moderation. c, a; we are, that much s tidy, extensive ;i.(i (leei) i,e,c are necessary to fie (iny mail to enter into an the merits og, and pronounce jiiogment on this case, wt venture to hazard our bare opinion upon it with that diti- dence which arise-, from a ;>erseot conviction that our v :c -7a are solely deevted to -.he geuetal iv c' fa re- It occurs to us to he an unhappy rhing that on this great great point .he Agricultural interests should take uo u gr~ond, as if »>>paraie fiom the common interests of the other classes in the Tnn- pite. I1 surely requires no argument to shew that t! > is a inferably short-sighted policy,- Vv-h"> <"ai desires a good market for his produce ■woi; set aoout to vuiu <hose to whom he mm' look as ttie purcoasei s yet tlliswoulll the ad- vocates for exorbitant- corn prices d>5—they would destroy the grand ma.t for their commo- dity by charging it, at the yery oatse", at & price incoHsis'euf *iih the prosperity of o'ir nia'.uiac tti-i oinniuilty, and therefore destructive of th .na; ket;—th -y would ihas annihilate in its source v-he honue «:pnsutnption, which alone can repay -their toils- wheieo.ur of Uritai. or to vhfi& else hut British cocsumers, could they sell their prod tee? No; ;i !■ iropt, for there is not aoui-try r<i iiur6|»e whefe corn is aiuch more than :u;H ;he price it is ai «>ady in Kngsand.— The rt:igi» of the agricultural grandeur would ')e a .ry :'ew -A,oiil, see the Laud-owse.- oiangL'd wiih llle Maoalac tarer tii the of w»iat » once the niighty Na'IÓn¡f Grea; !V. iv-ain. We are fstHy sensible of the magnitude and int- poi'avu-e of the Agricultural interests, oot only i:i this, but in every country. Nothing, eonsis- tf v ith 1-tic geitef-at to be omit- tea to promote them to the hi;-oest. prosperity. But there is a o'.ediam its al; Uiings; «nd valu- able as Accricuiture is, it onglit .ml :-o lie ex- alted above its rank in economy, at the expense of all the othet meaner:; of th, social compact, and ultimately to r- own d<*frir The ;'¡;lImto'$ 1'0\ ¡be ParneLl syfe", .)pt:itr to u. to carry the question to th- „>h, Are the Land-own<ii"s, a small nu.n^. t«i j loiiortion of the population, to revert to a s'ate" .■;pproach- lztle wat*, or are the mass of the people to be pu.nged into wie C ererh'sting wretchedness, in order thai they tuay retain imrnalous s-tion to whu-.i extraordi- nary circumstances have raised then; ? In short, was Agriculture iiiean to support the country, or > tlie countrv be sacridced to support the Agricul- turists ?" A very eiinows appearance is presen"?d at this moment. One (lay a niuitituae of persons meet to petition against, the Property Tax. and the next day they meet to petition against bread he- ir.u In IIcJ1;I, ;W} senu 0 us to be in error; for, fill the finance of the co!n;ry has cteared itself from the incumbrances of an unex- ampled 'ar, the Properly, or some equally pro- ductive Tav ce.ist he lene i; but there is no snt-h necessity r..r the staple commodïtv of life being at a price which the wages of industry f <*e only Standard bJ! which it can, 9, ought to be regulated) cannot reach- Besides, and tt.,s is a grand cou- sideration wr h the real patriot and ohilanthto- i,i!le en oat of twenty ot the people -iae in that grade of sveiety, that the rejieal of the Pro- perty T-tx won be )" iio while tlit; oi' bi eid Ci1;e to :ver"F Cil ;7C} i¡¡ :te EnH)lre. Tile en- tire h:i.ppiri,.is ii by (tic one measure, and only the partial comforts of a particular- "ass by the other. Ti;is suhj; vt is so copious, rhat we are aware it cannot he fut;, discussed within the limits of a newspaper, ami we suite this as an apology for rambling to the strongest points, without at- tempting the connexion of a systematic treatise. The Advocates for high prices elldeavour to scare us into their toils, by predicting that fa minc <:dB be the infallible result of withholding the encouragement they demand for the cultiva- tors of the soil. To this we answer, that there is no icar "■ S'. '.rci' y so long as the Continent is open,an(i there is not the slightest danger of such a comhiual ion of events as to lead to our exclusion from every foreign coril market. And even were the danger real, we would, ask if that is a sufficient reason for our anticipating the horrors of want, and prematurely afflicting the majority of the nation with starvation, for fear they inisrht hereafter be starved? The ruin of our manufactures, and the emigration of our population, would he top 'csuit. of such an at- tempt and we will ten these Logicians, that the best encouragement (h it, can be procured for augmented cultivation, is not to diminish bui in- crease the demand for home consumption, and the prosperity of trade-and commerce,-and the gene- rat diri'usiun orcomfort among the lower orders, will produce rlie most permanent and effectual reward for the labours of cultivation. Many topics siii! present themselves to us, but we are nnder the necessity of postponing their consideration for the present. We have latelv noticed the voluntary reduction of their rents by many land owners, and we will venture to say that their example must be followed by ■At.Lwho have recently let farms at the IInnatnraf rents to which land rose in the course of the war Bread must be brought within the compass of iionest liiiiour, or as that able write. Sir J. Stenari has expressed it, The price of subsist- ence must uot be raised higher than is compatible V/ith the gains of the lowest class of manufac- turers."—Our work-houses prove, that this iu- cohfroveriilile-axiom ha-snot been atfencled toof late yeais, but we most return to it, or be mined —fot ihe country can neither zo on in the course into which the war forced it, nor slop ai the dis- ordered political paioxysm at wh>t h i\ has ai- rive:, The rents must be -educed, and this will rev.. • the prit; o! v-\ery thing, so that the I- lord will be no loser, our inferior classes wili he aiile to live, our manufactures and commerce to contend-against the commerce and manufactures of all the world, and our national greulr.ess be i sustained at the glorious pitch to which it has been carried by the wisdom an i firmness of our Government, and the perseverance and devotion of our people.
LONDON, SA TU SID A V, JANUJ…
LONDON, SA TU SID A V, JANUJ RY 9.1. A paper of Frki:iy cvenin; stales, that Ihe I .American croizers, hy whom our commerce lias suffered so much, have, for a !en;j £ h of .) lime, carried on a regular intercourse willi lv\o ports on !be const of Ireland. What use I they have made of the information there ob- I tained !lie numiier of their captures testify.— Nol only were they made acquainted with the course oi the Irish trade, but there were trai 'I' tors HI many places on this side the channel li> transmit the besl intelligence respecting that "r England through the same mediou., and our merchant vessels have suffered according Jj- while ae scoundrels, spies, :md trailers, whose information led to these losses, went shares in the emoluments, and were Ihe loudest in Iheir j exclamations against ihe rfriHsh Admiralty for I not affording sufficient protection to the trade ai Ihe very time they knew thai with such in- struct ions as I uemseivessupplied to the enem>'s ships of war and privateers the entire navy of Great Britain could not prevent the greatest, depredations. It was they who rendered file exertions of our Admiralty unavailing, and it was they who clamoured in public at our dis- -isters, whilst they rejoiced in private over Ihetr own gains." The First and Second Reports from Ihe Lords Committees,appointed lo inquire into the State of the Growth, Commerce, and Consumption ot Grain,and ali laws relating thereto, lo whom were refcired the several Petitions presented to the House this Session respecting the Corn Laws, have been printed. The First Report merely suggests the propriety of direct instruc- tions, to examine evidence in supporfof the Petitions. The Second Report slates the ar raiigeuieut adopted by the Committee, and the four several heads of inquiry into which they divided the subject. It then proceeds to slate, thai the Committee endeavoured to ascertain whether any of the Petitioners were disposed to support their allegations on oath, in which they were not so successiui as they wished, arising perhaps hom the Pelitio'icra themselves having no defined opinion* upon the as lar as relates to general policy; a circumstance which the Committee consider the more probable, as on examination of their Petitions, it is evident that the prayer of them rather expresses a desire for delay;wifh a view to further investigation,than any precise opi- nion on the system which it might be most I expedient for theLeislature 10 prsue" An nexed to this Report are the miiuites of live evidence, and accounts of the imports and ex- ports of grain, the whole occupying 600 folio pages. The witnesses before the Lords are J nearly the same who wereexamiued before the | Commons. I A Morning Paper says, It is rumoured >hat on Friday dispatches were sent by a fast- sailing vessel to Mr. Canning, for the purpose of iip.Msg i)hix lo take office. It is added, thai rd Oastleretiiih will he moved to the Lords. Thercureeven reports which slate, that the Speauer is likely to take office As a proof »•: the prepondera te and extent of British Commerce, out of 813 large shins which entered the port of Hamburgh from May, 1814, lo tile :21si oi December iasi, 5T8 were f- on> England. St. Domingo. Wbii:d in Europe the French agents were accusing Great Britain of adopt- ing secretly a policy calculated to conlirm the estrange-oetif of SIv Domingo from France, (oe French agent to St.. Domingo was threat- ening the St. Domingo Chiefs with the power and the of Great Britain, if they refused to return to their obedience and alle- giance to Frasr. o. They say, that France is become the aliy of England," and Ihal hence she is able lo accomplish, by that alliance, what Bonaparte began in 1802, and would have consummated, bad not England, by de- claring war against him in 1803, broken the communication between France and St. Do- mingo. In another place, he says For, tfo not deceive yourself General—(Chrisiophe) —the Sovereigns of Europe, although they have made peace, have not returned tlie sword into the lihard. doubtless yoq are not ig- norant of what every body in Europe knows, although a thing not yet diplomatically pub- iiie principal arlicks of the com- pact, which all tlie [Stiropean Sovereigns have just, signed, on their royal honour, is to umie their armies, if need be, and to leud each other ali necessary aid, in order to destroy all the Governments, which have been the offspring 'of Ihe French Revolvlion, wnel.her in Europe or in the New World.. Know, also, that it ;s Great Britain who <.s the centre of and princi- pal party to. this Convention to wnich, a lew months sootier or later, every Government will find it necessary to submit every Govern- ment and every Potentate who snail refuse so to submit, must expect I.d he treated as trai- tors and brigands. To Peison, M. Levaysse adopted a m'ore measured tone he did not hazard such daring assertions, but affected to consider him as antan of great pnciralioa and sound understanding, who would prefer re- ceiving from tue French Government the I' rights of French subjects and citizens than risk being treated "as criminal barbarians ami I Maroon negroes." Neither Christophe nor Petiou could have devised belter means fur thwarting the views of i^ranre tllan those which Levayse's tellers afforded them. The Couucil General of Hayti instantly look fire, and in an :ddrells,fnll of energyi declared their determination never to submit to France.— Those who in contracting themselves with these Si. Domingo leader*, ciiararrerize the w.ill draw an address more glowing in its language, more powerful in its principles, or more ener- getic to its reasoning. (aiamnous Fire in St. Paul's Church yard. — Between six and seven o'clock on Wednes- day morning, a tire was discovered by Hie foot passengers m St. Paul's Chttteh-yaid, at a Mr. Kiggs in ihe stra-.v bat line. Alter knocking violently a "shoft time, the door forced, I 'Vyben the tfamea burst out with such fury, as t I to prevent ,u)y one from alarming the family ij;it vvt,ie*lj was at iti'e ri'.sin«' of the beiis; and crying o'h'i. '• fire, fire:" .J Mrs. Biggs,-with an laf.uil in her arms, and a servant maiu, go! ifrst out of the house, I as 'hey bad arisen from their and were taken to Mr. Butler's, at the 'corncr, near Cheap side, who by this time had been caiied up, who- she was covered with shawls, and such other light apparel as was near at hand. Mr. Bui lev inlreii>ed irer to go upstairs, the feelings of the molbef were too much alive lor the safety of her other five children, to admit ot a Kiou.ent's delay, and, it is sup- posed, she would have returned and rushed iulo the fla nes in search of them, Lad sne no; fainted away-; as soon as she recovered, she loll Mr. Butler's almost in a stale of nakedness, but. WHS prevailed oil. or ralhtr forced by tiioel who attended her, to ,o to another friend's house in -Cheapside the servant and infant remained at Mr. Bullet's. So rapid were trie tlames on tillS unfortunate occasion, that no other person except ¡. servant, with another ofAu-s. B;ggs s children, succeeded in gelling out by l ite door some of Ihose who remained took to Ihe roof of the house, and got away ¡ unhurt, among whom was an elderly woman, wl. ■ W'-JS *iHeading as a nurse on one of Mrs. j Biggs's lodgers, who, we hear, made his escape hy gelling front one roof 10 another. We I have olily accounted for two out of Mrs. Biggs's six children,ihe eldest of whom, a son, was oniy nine years of age, We wish we couid nalle slated that they hit! ali been saved; but theeidest. son above mentioned, and his sister between three and lour years old, perished in the llamas nor was it in the power of any one lo prevent it: they lodged, it appears, iii a room above their brothers, 10 which those who first got into the house couid nol reach, and to which the remainder of t:.c serallls who escaped by the roof durst uot venture; indecd, the situation of (his family will be hel- ler understood by staling, that the fire was "ol discovered until a quarter past six, and tire house was down to the ground before seven o'clock. The two other children of Mrs; Biggs escaped, no one can tell how, but tliéý happily did escape, though one of them was not discovered until eleven o'clock same morning, in St. Martin's-Ie-Grand; it was taken to Mr. Butler's where it retnained with its sister. This lire entirely consumed the two houses above mentioned, and damaged the top of the house of Air Hall to the right, and scorched a little the house of Mr, Dolland, the optician, lo the left. Toaddtoihctuisfor- tune of Mr. and Mrs. Biggs, the former of whoai is on a journey on business, not a six- pence of their stock in trade was insured, and we hear they were onty beginning the Viorid, uot having been long ill business.V To the credit of the iuhabitantsofl.be neighbourhood, it ought to be mentioned that the ladies were all day on Wednesday, sending in articles of -dress for the ciiildresi, and in the evening a meeting was held at the instigation of six of the principal inhabitants, when it was resolved to bring forward a subscription for the benefit of Mr. and Mrs. Biggs and family, who have not saved a farthing of their property, either in stock, furniture, or wesuiug apparel. it is slated, that in Ireland, nearly 500 li- cences have l;tv;i issued within ten days,fr. the Stamp Oiffce, for nt'ormes, n co>seqc. e of an intimation that dW ,,¡:!Juí.(' w(luld be pUt inl., shift force against any of the profession acting, even during ihe remainder « f t! pre- sent vacation, without having paid the duties prescribed by law. Twelve men were committed lo Mitilingar gaoi i'\ Monday the nth inst. by Major Wells, and wtfh carding persolli; we j'd (wt con- form to their rilles DilurbanceG to an a- larrning extent, exist at present in the vicinity of Clare, King's County; the perpetral.(J card their unfortunate fellow-beings on their backs, if they do not surrender their -Arirs A meeting of the Magistrates was held on the 10th, aad, large rewards offered, in order to put downlhis system of outrage Court-Jiiarlialon Lieut.-Gen. Sir J. Murray -,rllis Court assembled at Winchester, pur- suant to notice, on Monday last, Gen. Sir A. Clark, President. Alter the Members had been sworn, the charges, three in number, were rerJ1 the first, related to the siege of Tarragona, and the delay in raising it after, in Sir John's own formal opinion, the success of the enterprise had become hope- less: the second charge was, that lie had dis- obeyed instructions, irf embarking part of his army, and in subsequently disembarking them the third charge was, that the embar- kation of the force 4Vom before Tarragona, was iii so hurried a manner, I hat the object pointed out in Lord Wellington's letler, became sacrificed, and the military characler of the country disgraced, by Ihe abandonment of various trophies lo (he approaching enemy. Sir J. Murray having previously pleaded not. guilty 10 all the charges, the Deputy Judge Advocate, MI" Larpent, addressed the Court at great leng-lh, in which he entered largely iiito the history of the Expedition, with ils objects, and ultimate issue. To illustrate htfi arguments he read the translated Copies .of Lord Wellington's instructions in the Duke del Parque. fciio, and Copons, wilh other im- portant memoranda. The subsequent days have been occupied in the examination of witnesses and on Saturday the evidence for the prosecution closed, when the Court ad- journed to Friday next, to give Sir J. Murray (1-felice. OLD ILI-:Y. -ikraii S-oue was indicted for stealing a female child, a<jed abh;t seven weeks. The prisoner induced the mother to accompany her, with her twins, under the pretence of shewing them to a lady; and while carrying one of them, made off with iI, her object being to impose on a sailor named Swain (with whom she lived), and who acted as if he believed himself the real father.— Some attempts were made to pro^v Hie deli- very of the prisoner. On the contrary, how- ever, Eitzabesli Grey deposed to seeing the child on the day it was said to have been born, and remarked it was large enough for a child of a month old, and could not be born that day. Never saw prisoner suckle the child, nor any- medical man attend prisoner. Grace Brown said she lived m Rligb's buildings,. oppoite prisoner, 'who iuul'been big. for ten months (a f laugh). Saw Her cotnc home en the evening of the 14th of October, about five o'clock in the afternoon wilh something in her lap.— Prisoner walked as well as. ever he had seen her walk. olli of a t-vio p?;ir o« stairs window while she was pregnant-. Witness said when she saw the So long bu!ky-. would not believe she was with child till she saw tier wilh a child at her breast.— Prisoner was as big last Easier Monday as she was iti October. The Common Serjeant sum- med up the evidence,and the Jury iminediatelv returned a verdict-—Guilli/. The Common Serjeant then, after expatiating In severe oil the'-enormity of her offence, sen- tenced her Jo seven years transportation, Robbery in the Shepherd and Shepherdess Fields.-rr-On Tuesday Mr. Deakin attended by snral of his friends, was present at vVorshi,: street, before Sir William Parsons, Knt. at na enquiry info his most singular and mysterious case. The circtimsiance of the robbery and ill treatmeut of, Mr. Deakin in the Shepherd and Shepherdess fields, on th > night of j he Thursday preceding, and of bis having been found at day light on Friday morning, L per- | fectlv true, but instead of being found quite j naked, lie was only in such a state as a person I would most likely be afier adesperalestruggle with a determined robber. Alr, Deatilti'sco-IL was lorn from bis back, leaving oni'y the collar and sleeves his bat and neckcloth were boib oif; his waislcoai, left on, was lorii open in ihe front, and his shirt neariy torn to rihbons; his small-clollles were ai-sonuich lorn, but the drawers be had under them were untouched, nor were either of bis slockings "removed; he lost both his shoes, but one of hi* gailers remained on when found. What has thrown the case of Mr. Deakin into much tli, I,it a iiersoi) exic"lv attired as :\1 L D. may lie supposed to have been ailet, the affair with the robbers, was seen by rhe watchmen at ine corner of Tenler-row, City- road, at two o'clock in the morning, who begged Ihe watchman lo see him safe to St. Pant's church-yard (nearly at the corner of Which, in Wallingstreef, Mr. Deakin, re- sides.) This watchman and a js;trole, was ii mi-examined before the magistrate. He slated that a man, about two o'clock on the morning of friday, came tu him withuut his coal or hat, and his clothes much torn, nor had he any hoes on; be begged the watch- man to conduct him to St. Church- yards he said he had been robbed in the fields, and was then very ill; the watchman offered lo flake him tothewatchhousc.whichhc declined. The watchman Id-en offered to con duct him to ihe next watchman or patrol: and tiLt he might get passed from one to an- other, otitil ne ..oi lo St. Paul's; t0 his be consented, and the watchman et offwinJ him On their way to the second watenman, they met a lady and gentleman, wh. entered ituo "tti I lie I" conversation with the object of pity that stood f before them, and recommended that he should be taken to the watch-house: this he still re fused to comply w!llu and the watchman pass- ed him on. The second watchman was ex litilined who it appears ,'aged him to a third: and the third, we understand, lost sight of him altogdher, at the top of Grub-street— The iast watchman, we ii curd, passed him, until he came in sight of a watch hex, and called out lo take care of the ruau, and here all trace was, and remains lost. The lillleStale of Geneva, now one of the Swiss Cantons, has roads a s< !em» declaration in abiiorreiKV of ihe Slave Tiade. fhere and ,io <?t, Oonuicgc;. has the oumane awd disinte- ,Iijct ui Brilaiii. tant question, been justly appreciated and ho- noured while in the greater States,and among ihose o .who talk much of their liberality and civilization, not a word is said, or in effort made, in beh;u;"o-' the suffering no» *t 'ne Genevese h;.ve given a further jiroc* e their t)v in £ at the reqno: of the Eoghsu • • «:re temporarily resident a1 Geneva, ihe ail- «n.eut of a building for religion* worship, con onn ably to the rites of the Church o. /'• glai.d. This favour was conferred it ihe in. janiJ- soaie manner, accompanied with rruyy flatter, ing expressions of respect towards our Sove- reign and nation. Caution to the Clergp.-The following Let- ter appeared in the Oxford Journal of Satur- day last SIR-As a caution to my brethren, the Clergy, who may perhaps omir. to read in 'heir Churches an Act of Parliamcnr of George U. (entitled, An Act against cursing end swearing," ap- pointed to; be read by the Minister of every ,;arisS four times in a year. subject to a penalty o^ Five -'(Hinds,) you -'ill oblige me by inserting iii your, next Paper, the following particular: In the month of September last, having been instrumental to the conviction of Wnti. Fardon, of.Witncy, Oxfordshire, who was employed by ¡' some, person or person for their auiucemeni, to sea and distribute printed papers of an immoral tendency, without any printer's name affixecl, the same YV dliairi Fardon, being unable to pay the mitigated penalty, was committed lo the county prison, for one month, by the Rev. John Hyde, Curate of Witney, and one of his Majes- ty's Justice? of the.Peace. For thus endeavouring to suppress vice, the said William Fanion by the same person or pcrsvns) to attend my Church at Coggs, on .Sunda-, Isr instant, with Vvjn. Harris, of W• ney, blanket-weaver, as his wit- ness, for the determined pu-pose ot layinr an information iigain^t me, sb i.id I happen no. to read the abr i e untio > Act of Parliament.— I did omit it ii 1 110) Y, !1(, q Act o" Parlii t een piocured fo, the ,f tie v >sra:s. On tlie Thurs- day evening aotlowing, ua» • i dw bcve. nampd t'dagi-irate, sent me, t > ..a infor- :il;itioti -a,; against me by" om Faction* i waited upon Mr. Hyde the the ■ -;t morning, was eeaviated by him, and paid the penal:y of Five Pounds. Mr. Hyde, having so recently committed' the said W. Far don r" jjhson, knew his character, and moreover acknowledged to me rhat this tvas a malinous information; and further added, that ha himself v mi Had to read the naid Act of Par lie: went in his• Parish Church, on th,- iyei-y sai)ze a pauper of ihe. paush of ana receives weekly parochial relief. Mr. Hyde was so kind as to explain to Wm. Harris the nature of an oath, he 1.)eiii,- so very ignorant,"and unable fo read or write. I am, Sir, your's, &c. Vicar of Asih;iil, and Curate of Coggs. Witney, Jan. 11, I S 15.
LOCOMOTIVE ENGINE. To lite Edilor. On the 21stof December (1814) a Locomotive a_ V. Engine was set to work on the waggon way of I John Geo. Lambton, Esq. leading from his col liertes to the river Wear. It drew after ii eighteen loaded coal waggons (weight about fifty four tons) up a gentle ascent rising five-stx- toenlhs of an inch to a yard, or at the rate oi 46 feet in a mile, and went nearly at the speed of j four miles an hour, j The Engine was mounted upon eight wheels, I according to a patent granted to Messrs. William I and'Ed ward Chapman, of Newcastle upon Tyhe, ) i, means of which the weight h so far reduced as to avoid the great expense of relaying ways with stronger rails which in milny instanced has been done to cause the vast annual saving be- tween the nse of Locomotive Engines and Horses. The Cast Iron Rails of Mr. Lambton's way were oniy calculated to carry waggons of three tons weight inclusive of their loading, and the Locomotive Engine with its waier was neatly six tons, so that on four wheels this way could not have borne it, The Acting Power of the Engine, was applied to the wheels supporting it, and their resistance to slipping upon the way was the u'ciost power it couid exert in drawing waggons after it: which in this instance, was carried to the extreme; for although the friction was equal to the drawing J forward. (he train of 18 waggons, after they were I itt ntolion, it did not overcome their Vis Inertia; on drawing them from a state of rest until afier a considerable slipping of the wheels of the Lvcomotive Carriage. The power of the I Engine was sufficient to take more waggons after it hut it could not have moved the present num- ber up a greater ascent without having recourse I to the second part of Messrs. Chapman's inven- tion. which consists in having a chain laid along the way, where the steepness of ascent requires if, which is then laid -.vera Sproket Wheel like that of a chain puinp, and this wheel (receiving a similar degree of motion with that of the car- riage wheel:, of the engine) draws it forward without slipping; and when arrived a' <he head t of the ascent, the chain disengages itself by be- I ins: hauled oi tiffed off the iron Y in which it was inserted. The method is simple and useful, and the charge for the use of it is very moderate- [n their spc- cifieafion they explain the use of the stretched chain and in describing the outline of their mode nf reducing the ill effects which, prior to- their invention, simple as it is, had heen labour- ed under from the great weight of Locomotive n. giníi, they say they "aso as the carriage con- taining I!tf Motiiif. Power (viz. the Steam en- gine, &e.) will. Mi us loaded, be too -heavy in various cases for the strength of the exiting iron cr wooden rails, to arrange if foi- Or other confined ways, where the ledges either of the ways n, of the wheels regulate the direction ,ef the carriage, 'hat it may rest equally,-aisd r.;ovc fr-efy round curves or ang-lsrs, ei*b?r on six or eight wheels, so as to reduce the pressure on each in thd inverse proportion of the nnmher or wheels." It appears highly probable, that this inven tion must prove a great saving both in public and pi ivate rail ways, from the great number of horses and men which one siug!c engine may be substi- iufed for It is obvious that in ways formed of very light rails for smaller waggons, engines of proportion- ally less power and weight may be used. A. Z.
ANECDOTE —The following told of one of Bo- naparte's Grand Digno'vo ies o- oves, if true, that it required no extrao/iinan degree- of jngemoiy to-l.npose.upoo profound statesmen. The person alluded to we presume is Cambasceres.— Mtins. C. was always fond of givin r grand din- ners At one of them the Abbe introduced a foreigner of genteel apoearance, under the name of Count Petroviow, a 'IIS'1:' by birth. This person spoke Trench—extremely well informed upon political subjects. Mons. C, received him with great politeness, and asked him a number )f ii: .(:,it itie Emperor of as- of tile I (he,, hai jii,;t then caused himself to be pror'or>e<t Emperor.) The pretended Russian (for he to be a Jew from she neighbourhood of Lubeck), akiroitly excused from giving an opinion upon a subject of such high importance; nut he at the same time gave some hints that be would not always be equally reserved. am sure," saui he, you- would have a very had opi- nion of me, if at a fíra interview, I should divulge the secrels of my Court." M. < applauded bis ,i)d uf)ott iiis (tel).,Irtiii-e I)itti -,(b visit liim freqinntly. M. C. losi no time in ac- quainting Bonaparte with the valuable acquaint- ance" he had made, POO pledged himself very soon to exlracl- from Count Petroviow all the secrete of the Russian Court. Alter the lapse of a few ""ys, M. C. finding that the Count had not re- peated his visit, requested the Abh< to hi ing his Irien i to "ce "vtih hnn. Willi to ?lie holellof the supposed Russian, and to hi« sur- prize found him on the point of leaving Put-s, his Ste. being* p,-ekt?vl up. The Abbe delivered his Message from M C-. a;nl at the same time, requested to know the reason of the Count's sudden ? 1, will not spe-tk of f, said he, but I really did not (funic I should have waafc.-l s.- much money in Paris, infictlitave no more ieft than will carry me home. There are many of my country men who would supply me, but th: y do not know that I am in Paris; and, to tell you the truth, 1 am here under a fetgned name pray keep my secret, and make my excuses to M.C." Thv Abut- with- oiit (le,,iy. ;I; ]fail parsed. C- anxious to obtain the valuable information of which tbe Count was in posses- sion, desired the Abbe to go instantly to his lio- and any for which he might have occasion. The Count, at first, appeared very much displeased with the Abbe, and, for a long (if .lie, the proffered assist- inci At lengtl), by dint of argument and en- treaty, he I,IS i;re%Iil, et upon to r(, to ,Ni, C. and to accept from him a loan ol 20.d00 It vies. l'he conversation was soon turned hy M. C, to (I o the desired sno.iert, and Couni Petroviow pro- mised to du,¡ up,for 1\1. C. a d,"adcll <¡ccoont of all the important secrets which he knew respect- ing the of the Russian Cabinet, but aid it wouk! take Slim two day. to write ii. At the end oil two days, ar packet, careM)y sea!ed UI). wr-. relivered from Cotnit Peiiovlow to M. C. w- -ovl(,,w The latter. as soon as he was in possession of the treasure, went to St Cloud to read it te: Bdua- pane. He was.oi course, adm!,ftJe to the Cabi- nel of his Master,and, without. io»s ol time, broke the seal, an pioceeded to read the important Document; when, to l is infinite astonishment, instead of the promie, secret: he found a most violent <nveetiVi' ngt-'ust Bonaparte for his cruelty tyranny ,&c. 3ic —The horrorof the Conriier and tile rage of th" r.yranf 'inay be more easily con- ceived than described the iormer returned with <1 haste to Paris, determined to inflict the most dread* punishment Oil the audacious Russian but he oa s left that capital thirty hours before, and every effort to tracs him proved ineffscluaL"