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------_-BON A i' AllTE IN…


BON A i' AllTE IN EL HA. (From the Quarterly Review, just published.) (Concluded from our last.) What the details of Augereau's esse may he we really are uninformed; but those of Mariiioll L'-i, which we do know, give the lie to his quondam master's accusation- Marmont's conduct, underjhe difficult circumstances in which he commanded the troops engaged in the defence of i'aris, has always appeared to us a masterpiece of courage, discretion, and genefositv. He fought while he could and when he could no longer defend Paris by arms, he saved it hy a tvosl honorable capitulation he preserved his army for the service of I)is country, and when every thing Pit-- wat fost, ct,k stipulated for the safety of Bitotialiarle. This last stipulation Bouapartu aSects to treat with -Contempt and indignation; but he must not forget that no care has so much distinguished him since his abdication as the care of his per. son, and that, by the treaty of the Illh of April, he even descended to sell his empire for a sum of money, a baseness which Marmont was too much a man of honour to thiuk of proposing. Bonaparte accuses Marmont of the want of preparation at Paris. What had Marmont to say to that ? He was with his army, and only approached Paris in the course of the events of the war. KIng- Joseph, and General Ilulin (president of the tribunal that murdered the Duke d'Enghein) commanded in Paris—ii there was any neglect, it was theirs and no: Marmont's. 'What,' said Bonaparte, 4 200 pieces of can non in the Champ de Mars, und unlytwo at ,M,)iittnati-c ? ah ce trailre de Marmont he itiolilil sly, ili ce liaitre de Joseph 1 the fact 1, we believe, true, and proves only the inca- paciiy of Joseph, the neglect of Hulin, and the injustice of Bonaparte; but it proves no- thing of the accusation against Marshal Mar- mont. That Marmonl'sconduct ruined Bonaparte we may admit, but it was only by saving Pa- ris from plunder, by enabling the public mind lo declare itself, and by preventing the bloody union of foreign and civil war in the capital. We have been induced to say so much, because we know that the abuse of M Marmont is in France and this country one of the rallying points of the still existing friends of this calumnious tyrant. Of the ailied troops, as compared with his, he expressed the most profound contempt the Prussians were the best, but he would beat even them with one third of their num- In the vexation of his heart, however, he did justice to Bhtcher Ce vieux (liable,' he said, never gave me any rest. 1 beat him to day—good, he attacked me to-tii,irrow- I beat him in the morning-he was ready to tight again in the eve-iiiiig. He suffered enor- mous losses, and according to all calculation, ought to have thought himself too happy to be allowed to retire unmolested, instead of which he immediately advanced upon me i ah, le vieux diable 1' Of the publc manner in which Bonaparte speaks of topics of this nature, we shall select one instance. It is not long since, that hap pening to cross the Piazzi di Armi, at Porto Ferrajo, he saw some officers of his guard in a coffee-house he stopped and directed ihem to be called out, and a cup of coffee to bit brought to him; when he had received it, he held iiup, aflie stood in the middle of the square, and exclaimed with a ioud voice, 1 remember that I once could beat forty thousand Aus- trians with ten thousand of my guards 1' lie then drank his coffee, got into his carriage, without saying another word, and drove away. The spectators thought him mad, but we sus- pect that there was, at least, as touch of mis- chief as of madness III his speech. On reveraJ occaiioua be hu been forward to -='" I express his contempt ot the people, and more pointedly of the Government of the United States. He has totally forgotten M, le Due I de Bassauo's assiiraijec. that his Majesty loved the A niericatis,' and he has very candid- ly avowed that he published his Berlin and Milan.decrees with the object of involving them iu a war wilh Great Britain, which he expected would have operated as a diversion to his own continental projects. He succeed- ed in exciting the war, but fortunately nei- ther he nor his transatlantic auxiliaries have derived any advantage from their iofanwlIl league. Bonaparte in Elba. and America has just signed a peace without ohtaining; anyone of the objects for which she went to vvir and we cannot but entertain hopes that I-,r. Madi- son is dt-stmed, like his brot'Vr potentate, to laste, in a short time, the bitter sweets of a constrained retirement from public affairs. When the first impressions of novelty were effaced, and the first litirry of his over, Bonaparte seems, from all the accounts which we have read or heard, to have gradu- ally subsided, as was naturally to be expected, into a state bordering OTI ennui. He has grown fatter, exercises less, and sleeiis more; yet still exhibits, by fits, all his characteristic restlessness, and siillamuses himseif with plans of bulldlllgs and projects of administration, which are abandoned as fast as conceived. One of his projects made a great deal of noise and excited some ridicule in his island it was no other itiati to send a cargo of iron ore to America. We have not heard whether i has been executed, but we should think that the iron, by the time it was manufactured iti America, from the Klhese ore, would have af- forded but a bad return to the imperial spe- culator. One proprietor of iron mines exhibited'an. instance of independent honesty and resistance, which lituit have been quile new to Napoleon. This man, il see's, had fit his hands aconsider- able sum of nonc) for duties belonging lo the FrenchGovernment. This Bonaparte wanted to seize; the man replied the money was neither his nor Bonttparte's, bul tile Kiiii: of France's, and thai he could not pay it into any othec hands. Bonaparte insisted and stormed, but the sturdy irun worker replied lhat — 300,000 bayonets should not territy him into a b>eacii of trust;—a shrewd way of reminding Bona- parle that he had no longer the argument of 300,000 bayonets to sanction his iiijilstict.- This tnans dispute with the Emperor was well known in Elba. and his conduct much approved. On some sub equent occasion, when he had returned to his residence from a temporary absence, his workmen and their familtes made a kind of procession to testify their respect and love for him. Bonaparte was offended at this, and took the tiisl occasion of saying to him, sa-castirally. Eh biell, Mon- sieur, on vous a recu chez vous comme un souverain I-Comme un piere. sire, was the ready and overwhelming answer of the iron- worker. The Emperor has lately intimated his inten- tion of giving his capital the new name of Cosmopoli. It had been formerly sometimes called Cosimopoli, in honour of the Grand Duke (CKimo) its founder; of this circum- stance Bonaparte takes advantage, and, wilh a slight change, will confer on Forto Ferrajo the magnificent title of » The City of the If'Torld.' How absurd and contemptible this now appears to its yet loqtjt-li trit-ks. played on a great scale, he owes much ot the reputa- tion with which he dazzled all Europe. Bul these higli sotitiditig names and speci. ousprojcctsot future improvement do not appear to reconcile the Elbese to the govern- Inent of Sapoleon. now heller understood, or rather felt by Ihem. The wheel of vicissitude has made a full rotation w tli atid their actual condition begins to have very striking resemblances lo a period of Iheir ancient his- tory, of A liieli M. Beriieaud gives us the fol- lowing account:— fit 1398, Gherardo Appiano, who had ususped the dominion of Pisa, perceived that Ihe number and power of his enemies abroad and of Ihe malcontents at home daily aug- mented, aud fearin* lest he should either be driven into a miserable exile, or be put to death, he consented to sell the country which he had usurped, for 200,000 florins, reserving to himself, amongst other small possession the islands of Elha and Pianosa 4 This revolution was far from producing happy consequences to glb". Every kind of extortion soon prevailed; the laxes were greedily increased,& the ravages of the plague I came to assist in the depopulation of the is. land. Us commerce, placed under ill-consi- dered regulations, was ruined its agriculture neglected the mines, subjected to heavy im- positions, wre abandoned, and the granite quarries were no longer worked. The emi- gration became considerable every tiling tended to increase if and notwithstanding his pride and lofty pretensions, the new sovereign, could not conceal his folly, impolicy, and im- potence.' (c. 3. s. I.) How soon Ihcwholeofthis old picture may be restored by the master-pencil of Bouapane. we cannot foretel but all that we have heard of his proceedings, induces us to fear that N a- polione Bonaparte, having walked so far in the step* ol his country man Gherardo Appiano is very likely to follow still further his exam. pie; and we believe, that even now a consi- I derable degree of dtscontent is fell, and hat much desertion and emigration have aireadj taken place. Some of those who originally accompanied iBt)tialiarte ar, we know, returned iu disgust to France; aud account# from ltaiy stale, that he has been obliged to supply the desertions from his guards by enlisung men from Cor- sic it and tile neighbouring coast and all who have lately visited the island report, that the conduct of the Emperor has given every where the greatest dissatisfaction, and exeifell in the minds of the inhabitants of the island ) and even ot the neighbouring coutioeot, eon.. | siderable appieheusiou. <