Hide Articles List

8 articles on this Page




LONDON, MONDAY, JANUARYS. THREE days' Paris Papers are arrived; of Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday yet they afford us as little information respecting the march of the Congress at Vienna, as all the preceding papers have done. The latest date from Vienna is of the 25th December, the day on which it was supposed some important communication would he made. The day ap- pears, however, to have passed over without auy such communication. Yet there is said to have been a nwcting of all the Sovereigns on the preceding day, convened by the Em- peror of Austria, for the purpose of removing the difficulties that bail occurred. Notes coil tÏcHle to be exchanged between the different Mimslers hut of their contents we are unin formed. The Sovereigns of the second order teem on the poiul of taking wing. The King of Wurteqilifirg t4, set off on the 2fUh of December, and the King of Bavaria about the »ame time. Of the period of the Emperor Of Russia'* and the King of Prussia's departure, nothing is yet known. The ton,; absence of the different Sovereigns, and their Ministers, from their respective territories, is represented w extremely detrimental to their internal situ- ation, which requires in an imperious manner their presence after the scourge ut so long and aitttguillary a contiict. But if the conflict, ask come of the paper*, shoutd be renewed.? We do itot,- itiltik, it will lie renewed, even though the Sovereigns should not come to a cordial tgreex-ent. Should Russia lake possession of Poland, as there is no reason to doubt, and Prussia of Saxony, against the wtsh.es of Aus- tria, still we do not think the tranquillity of the Continent will be disturbd at present. Among other snbjecis that must of necessity engage Iheatlention of Parliament, is one relative to the Agriculture of the ctiutttry-- It Is a subject, we are aware, of infinite deli- racy; but it cannot", be waved. We can no longer shut our eyes to it—it must be met with firmness, and discussed with caution, *nh, we hope, a total abandonment of all the petty principles and feelings of party.— The unbounded importation of foreign corn I is areat evil. At the first view this may sur- prise our Readers, who will scarcely be dis- posed to call that an evil which tends to reti- der the first necessary of life cheaper. But this effect can only be temporary. The cheap I Hess will prevent the British farmer from growing corn—because the expence of culti- vating it will be greater than the; price which he can obtain for it when it is cuUiyated-r-of course fewer men will be employed, wages ",ill naturally fall from that circumstance, and the home produce being less, we shall be made dependant upon foreign supply. This must Hot be, for it ought nut to be. If we encou. rage unbounded importation, a considerable portion of the arable land will be neglected and let, run to waste, If we adopt a different line of conduct, and give adequate protection and encouragement to the British farmer, there ability in the United Kingdom to raise corn enough for our own consumption, as well as for the supply of our Colonics. If these ob. servations be just with respect to, this Island, they apply with teufold force to Ireland. The great and f undameufal source of that country is its agrictiliure,i and as supply and demand Are correlative in political economy, if the demand be contracted iu cousequeuce of the rivalry of foreign com iu the market of the United Kingdom,the Supply will be by so much diminished, and the Agriculture of Ireland be in an equal degree reduced. The augmenta- tion of rural industry itt consequence of ex- j tended agriculture, has contributed to absorb a considerable share of the labour of the pea- santry, especially since Ireland had obtained for her Agricultural abundance, the invaluable consumption of the British market. If foreign rivalry may deprive her of this convenient and effective consumption, her rural industry must be lessened in a corresponding degree, and the employ ment ofthe poorer classes be diminished proportionably throughout Ireland. A Dublin Paper draws the following picture: —" Almost in every County in Ireland the tenants have declared their inability to meet the demands of their landlords. Some have already lowered their rents 10, 20, 25, 30 per cent. but it is supposed, that those under leases from the year 1801 and upwards, cannot af- ford to hold, even if there was a depreciation in their rent of 50 per cent. Horses, which three or four years ago brought 601. may now be easily procured for 20/. Oats, in the coun- try are for seven shillings a barrel; and Beef and Mutton, which a year aro was telipetice and a shilling per pound in the interior, is now at 3d. and 4d." PRICE- OF STOCKS, 3 per Ct. Consols 65 £ |Jex.div. 3 per Ct. Red. 63JJ43 4 per Cents 82i I


[No title]