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For the North Wales Gazette.




KLAPROTH'S TRAVELS. Klaproth, in his Travels in the Caucasus and Georgia, in 1802, under the auspices of the Russian government, found a British mis sionary settlement eslshlished since the year 1802, at the foot of the highest of the Bes chtau mountains. It consisted of eight fami- lies, and was partly supported by the Scottish Society for the propagation of file The main objects of their establishmentare lhe translation of the Bible into the Tartar Ian guage, and the coirversion of the neighbouring heathens to cliristiati-ity -I' As these Mis sionaries enjoy the right of purchasing slaves, they already possess several Techerkessiaiis asul Tartars, whom they hase..instructed in the precepts of Christianity and baptized,-with the intention of restoring them, at some future tune, to liberty, Excellent as the object and plan of this institution may be, it seems very doublful whether it will ever accomplish the aim of the founders since it is extremely dif- ficult to persuade the Asiatics to embrace a religion unaccompanied by external ceremo- nies, aud the moral pari od'a11 religions is almost invariabiy alike. The missionaries have moreover excited the animoeity of the neighbouring N'ogay Tartars, by Hie oJ conver- sion of a person belonging to one of the prin- I cipal families in that nation. Their houses are small and very ill built but they have commenced the erection of a morO spacious edifice, where they mean to reside together, and where, according to the plan, they will have abundance of room." LKlaproth further gives an account of the attempt made by the Missionaries at Sa, repta, near Astrachan, to diffuse the light of revelation among the Tartars of the C&uca casus. This institution dates a considerable; way back, and consists cf Herrnhutters or United Brethren of whom two, Gottfried Grobsch and George Gruhl, set out, in the beginning of the year 1782, on the hazardous enterprise of preaching the gospel to the pagans of the mountains. At Tiflis they were favourably received by Ptince or Czar Irakli or Heraclius; but the success of their efforts appears to have been very limited, and the advantage resulting from the establishment at Sare|)la seems to have been in a great mea sure confined to the adjacent tribes. Tiflis, the capita! of Georgia, is thus described by our traveller:—44 litlis makes a very mean for since the last destruction of Agha Mohammod Chan, in September 1795, great part of it a heap of rubbish, not id01 e than two thirds of the houses having been rebuilt. The streets are so narrow that the most spacious of them are barely wide enough to admit a carriage without incon- venience; whereas in the cross streets, there is scarcely room for a horseman, and in dirty weather too pedestrians often find it difficult to pass one another. The houses are care iessly hui-It oil the Georgian fashien of bricks and rough stones intermixed, and cemented with dung or clay, so that they scarcely ever statid more that, years. There is not one large or prominent building in the whole city: some Ceorgiill princes, accustomed to the Russian manners, have indeed erected for t hems fives habitations which commonly have i wo stories aud a gallery running round them hut with these exceptions no other objects meet the eye than wretched «tone huts, most of which are extremely filthy. Windows are to be found in very few of Ihern; instead of these they have holes, which are not alwiytiso much as stopped with oiled paper. Titlis has two markets, (tiasuri) contain ing together 704 shops, kept principally by Armenian,Tartar,aud Georgian tradesmen for here are but very few Russians, who ex pose their goods for sale in what is called the Armenian hazar. These markets comprehend according to the Asiatic fashion, the work, shops of all the artisans. You here lind a whole street, inhibited exclusively by shoe makers, another occupied by the shops of cap makers, aiul a third by those of smiths.— Siik-spissuers, silver-smiths, gun makers, and sword cutlers, all pursue their respective oc cupations, and by their public industry atforc a pleasing spectacle to the traveller; so that the basar is one of the most iutercsting wallis in Ti tl is. & lhe population of Tiflis, esclusively of the Russian civil officers resident there, and the garrison, is computed at 78,000 souls, nearly halt of whom are Armenians. "The celaorated warm baths here were once very magnificent, but are now much de cayed yet fnust ofthein are still floored and lined with marble. The water contains only a small proportion of sulphur, but is extreme- ly salubrious. The natives, and the women iu particular, carry their fondness for batliiii" to such excess, that tliey frequently remain in the baths for the whole day together, and have their meals brought thither to them from theirown houses. Fiom the use of the bath twice a week at Tiflis, I and my whete retinue experienced great benefit." In the neighbourhood of Tcherkassk, M. Klaproth witnessed all extraordinary spectacle. It was (says he) a battle between a vulture and my great Chinese hound, which I had brought with me from Siberia. This spirited animal used to keep constantly on the look outsfor game and birds by the way, and just when *>ur carriages stopped here he was beat iug about the whole country, He«pied some- thing in a small pit, crept towards-it, and im- mediaiely sprang in. I hastened to the spot, and found him engaged in a desperate battle with a vulture, whose wing lie had probably dislocated or broken at the first onset. The issue of this contest might perhaps have been I unfortunate for him, as his antagouisl used all the means ill his power to peck out his eyes, I had not a blow from my stick soon extended the vulture on the ground, and thus terminated j this singular coutllctbclweell the jquadtuped 1 and the bird."