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"rvOCTOR BE AVER, of Carnarvon, having I 1 3 determined on changiug his residence, to a distant part of the kingdom, will introduce, (to most of the respectable families in and about Car- narvon, and also Anglesey) as successor, a Medi- cal Gesstleuian, of competent education and abi lity. Le,ters (post paid)addressed to ROBERT BEA- VEB, M. D. Carnarvon, will be duly noticed. OLD CRANE WHARF, CHESTER. THOMAS GREEN, BEGS leave most respeetf ully to inform the Merchants and Tradesmen of Chester and Sforth Wales, that he has takcn and entered =\ipon the WllARF aud PREMISES lately occtt Died by Mr. W. Field; where he has every con- venience of safely Landing and Warehou* any quantity or quaiily of GOODS and he » ■> strict assiduity and attention to men — SaLE% 'TVIHE Cargo of the brig Halcyon, from Pic JL too, consisting <>f Yetlnw Pine Timber and 'Ptank, and a few tons of Black Birch, of excel- >lenf quality. Also, RiZa, Swedish, and Quebec •;T,m!)er, Oak Slaves, Mahogany, Red and White 'Deal ends and Laths. Apply to JAMES HARRIS, Jun. Beaumaris, -orat [us Timber-yard', Market street, Camarvou, Nvliere a c,)iistaut suj)l)ly will be kept. ftov. 8th, 1314. iOne Concern.) HAZARD. BURNE, and Co. respectfully inform the Public, that. Tickets and Shares for the ensuing LOTTER yare now on Sale attbeir Office, No 93. ROYAL EXCHANGE The Lottery, consisting of only 4,000 Numbers, with Two Tickets of each, will he drawn on the 30th instant, and contains 2 Prizes of £ 16,000each 2 -3,000 2 Prizes of = £ 9,000 ] j 4 ,1,<000,&c. j Letteri (pi)st p,,iid), duly atif,wei-e(j, ana I Orders from the Country, accompanied with Re-, .N)it.tance, Government and all oilier Punilc Securities Bought and Sold by Commissiou. TO RE SOLD BY PRIVATE CONTRACT, I 1 1,11 THE GOOD GALLIOT COKI OrCllESTBR, I Burthen tler Register 55 tons, will carry TO. « scellent order, and It it I I itt it rime coti- cliiso'i built. abou> three years ago. Apply to tvir. JOTIN Custom-house, Chester; or Mr. [lieu ARB Jones, Old Hall- street, Liverpool. Also to he disposed of, the Good FLAT the FLOR A, burthen per register 72 tons, but she ca< ries 81 tons.—Applicat i on to he made as above. GOAT INN, CJ&ZL EG lit" v <vf tf V 4 R VOK- THQM AS WILLIAMS, HARBOUR W AST EIt, £ TS> ESPECTFU LLY. informs his friends and JUL, the (Hi >lie, 'hat he has opened the above con. uieirt llIn, for 'he of Geii- eoai,,I,ici;il Travellers, and others, and bo pes, by every at-teittion in his power, to merit a of, The best Port and other Wines, Foreign Spi- rits, and home brewed Ale. Staii stabiing aw! Coach-houses. ü::1r Ordiuary every market-day, half after one. Carnarvon, 8th Nov. 1814. CARSAHFON, NORTH H ALES. TO BE LET, AND ENTERED UPON IMMEDIATELY. ririHAT cal,ijili I-N N, called the or the JL Uxbridge Arms, mos t conveuietulv and tic- lightfully situated ai the entrance of the town of .Carnarvon, an the road leading .Irom the City of Bangor, rioir iu th« .holding of Mr. Wake.'tian, wh,) is about to retire from public busiuess. it: consist s, on the ground-floor, of aiarge par- lour, and three others of suitable and convenient dimensions: a spacious kitchen, aullother omcc adjoining; togetner wirh good sized bar, most judiciously placed, so as to overlook the kitchen, the entrances to the house, aad to the different giariouis, as well as the wiiole of the court yard, to wyicb a bay-window is introduced. oa tile first floor is a large room, which con- veniently accoiuinoaates a dinner party of eighty, and will(-I,, by means or partitions and folding tlonrs, forms two excellent drawing rooms, each Coooiaiainliug a heaatiful view of the AJenai and the Island of Anglesey.—There are, besides, on the first flpor, as well as in the attic story, a suitable number of exceeding good bedrooms; and the cellars under grouud are extensive and commodious. -in the rear of the house, and contiguous there- to, is a spacious court-yard, comprizing a very large coach-house, with a. r >om of 'equal size above several ital,) ie; cow-houses,larder,dairy, Juuiniry, servants' bedrooms, malthoose, brew- and a variety of other offices, all arrang- ed wish great judgment; and wifhin a few yards of the house, is a large walied garden, with a sqaaUer adjoining'.■; The tenant may be accommodated with auy quantity of laud, within- a convenient distance, not exceeding 190 acre s. There. being an excellent market at Carnarvon, the houscmayreceivè a constant supply of every necessary article, especially fish, of the best sorts. Independent of the regular travelling to Car- narvon, and the several public rneetlflshdd there within the course of the year, the very ge- neral resort to-chat town, iu the sununei season, airords a source of considerable emolument to the innkeeper—and all circumstances taken into con- sideration, there can hardly be a doubt but that a person well cotiversaitit, in the business, may, by becoming tenant of the Hotel at Carnarvon, serve himself aud the public, with very great advantage to both especially at this time, when there hap- pens to he a good opening. The tenant may be accommodated with all the valuable household furniture, plaíe, linen, china, horses, and carriages, andaiso with the crops and produce of the land. at a valuation. And further particulars may be had by apply- ing to THOMAS.. JONES, Esq. at Brynty i-ion, near Bangor; Mr. JOHN WILLIAMS, at Plasnewydd, Anglesey or to Messrs. POOLE, Attorneys, at Carnarvon, or at their Office at f encraig) iuAa- glesey. CARNARVONSHIRE. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, At the New Inn, in Couway, in the county of Carnarvon, on Tuesday the third day of Janu- ary, 1815, at three o'clock in the afternoon, subject to conditions, rg^ME under mentioned FREEHOLD ES- 1 TATES, in the following or such other lots as may be then agreed upon In the parish of Llanfairfechan. Lot 1. Bryn y neuodd, in the occupation of Capt. Crawley and Owen Foulkes, containing in statute measure, 137a. Or. L: p. be the same more or less. Lot 2. Llwynysgolog, Taihirion, Pen y bryn, and three fourths of Werglodd fawr, in the occu- pation of Thomas Jones and Ann Jones, con- taining in statute measure, 104a. Or. 32p. be the same more or less. Lot 3. Gwyllt, a House and Malt-kiln, in the occupation of Richard Williams, containing in statute measure, 2r. 28p. be the same more or less. Lot 4 Cae haidd, in the occupation of Hugh lioberts, containing in statute measure, 11a. lr. 61).,be the same more or less. ■■ Lot 5. Rhiwia, in the occupation of Richard Williams and Hugh Parry, containing in statute measure, 58a. 2r. 21 p. be the same more or less. Lot 6. Ty, bach, in the occupation of Robert Pritchard, containing in statute measure, 3a. 3r. Op. be the same more or less. Lot 7, Commons, in the occupation of W. Foulkes, containing in statute measure, la. Sr.Op. be the same more or less. Lot 8. Pen y Commons, iu the occupation of Robert Williams, containing in statute measure, 2r. Op. be the same more or less. Lot 9. Tower, in the occupation of William Rowland, containing in statute measure, 17p. be the same more or less. Lot 10. Gwydir, in the occupation of Eliz. Robeits, containing in statute measure, 7p. be the same more or less, Lot II. Tanrallt, one fourth of W erglodd fawr, and one half of Frith fawr, in the occupa- tion of Hugh Owen and John Hughes, containing iu statute measure, I la. lr. 20p. be the same more or less. Lot 12. Tanrallt, and one half of Frith fawr, in the occupation of John Hughes, containing in statute measure, 13a. 2r. 9p. be the same more or less. Lot 13. Ty Pitch, in the occupation of Wm. Owen, containiiig in stitute measure, 1.5a. I r. 22p. be the same mor« or less. Lot 14. Blaene, in the occupation of Thomas Evans, containiug in statute measure,39a. Or. 24p. be the same more or less. In lIwparish of CaerTwn. Lot 15. Farchwell, in the occupation of Moses Thomas, containing in statute measure, 210a. lr, 37p. be the same more or less. Lot 16. Cefn G vrach, in the occupation of Su- sannah Edwards, containing in statute measure, I 21a. tr. 3Sp. be the same more or less. Lot 17.. CaerSych, in the occupation of Owen Davies, containing in statute measure, 15a. lr. 17p. be the same more or less- Lot 18. Pant, in the occupation of David Joncs and Owen JoMes, containing in statute measure, 21a. Sr. II p be the syne inore or less. Lot !9. Twutir Wern, otherwise Brynerach, (1-ie o L in the occupation of Robert Williams,containing in statute nicasute, 10a. lr., 19p. be the same ilwre or less. Lot 20. Werglodd ddu, in the occupation of Robert Thomas, containing in statute measure, 8a. Or. SSp; be the same more or less. Lot 21. Qiiiileijin Mr. Parry of Tal y bont's Land, containing in statute measure, 22p. be the- iiiore or ies. Lot 22. Blaen y Went. in the occupation of Griffith Williams, containing in statute measure, 14a. lr 32p. be the same more or less. Lot 23, Tyddyn du, in the occupation of Grif- fith Williams, containing Íil statutemeasure, 10a. Or. 28p. be the same more or less. Lot 24. Bryn y gwetiilh, in the occupation of Robert Hughes, containing in statute measure, 1 4Sa, 1 r. ;)011. be the same more or less. Lof25.Frith yu Rhos, iu the occupation of Evan Jones, containing in statute meas'ure, 24a. lr.'22p. be the saute more or less, Lot 28. Mount, in the occupation of William Roberts, containing in statute measure, 5a. Ir. lp. be the same more or less. Loi 27 A film aud Lands, called Felin y Cas- tell, in the occupation of Mr. Jones, containing in statute measure, 3a. Or. 2lp. be the same more or less. Lot 28. Buches A dda, in the occupation of the Overseers of Llaubedr, containing in statute measure, la. Or. 12p be the same more or less. In the parish of Llunbeilr. Lot 29. Ty ucha 'n Llan, in the occupation of Richard Roberts, containing in statute measure, 20a. 3r. 2p be the same more or less. Lot 30. Tail llan, in the occupation of Hugh Williams, containing in statute measure, 5p. be the same more or less. Lot 31. Pen y gart h, in the occupation of Roht. Roberts, containing in statute measure, 16a. 2r. 39p. be the same more or less. Lot 32. Pylla gleision and Pladiriau Croesion, in the occupation of Robert Peter, containing it) statute measure, 14a, Or. 19p be the same more or less. Lot 33. Soglog, part in Caerhun, in the occu- pation ot Owen Williams, containing in statute! measure, 86a. Or. 39p. he the same more or less Lot 34. Bryuniau Melynion, in the occupation of Isaac Jones and Robert Jones, containing in statute measure, 53a. Or. 22p. be the same more or less. In the parish of Llanglynyn. Lot 35. Cefn y Frithoedd, alias Rhianws, in the occupation of Elizabeth Williams, containing in statute measure, 27a. lr. 2p. be the same more or less. Lot 36. Crocsynyd, in the occupation of John Pierce, containing in statute measure, la. Ir. lp. be the same more or less. Lot 37. Gwiwen and Tyddyn Isa, in the occu- pation of Robert Thomas, containing in statute measure, 59a. I r. 21 p. he the same more or less. Lot 38. Cae Cwtta and r yddyn bach, the latter in the parish of Gyffln, in the occupation of Mr. Jones, of Conway, containing in statute measure, 6 0a. 3r. 7p be the same more or less. These Estates are entitled to an unlimited Right of Common on the adjacent Wastes. The Mansion House of Bryn y ueuodd, is calculated for the residence of a genteel family it is plea- santly situated near the sea, on the Irish road, between Conway and Bangor, and commands a view of, and is contiguous to the other Farms in Llanfairfechan, which Farms may be improved to much advantage, at an easy expense. Farchwel is an ancient Mansion, and may be converted into a desirable residence •, it is'situated I in the fertile Vale, between Conway and Llan- rwst, which is much admired for its romantic scenery. I The Farms in Caerhun, Llanbedr, and Llan- glynin, are within the same Vale, and at a short distance from Tal y Cafn Ferrv, and other parts ot the Navigable River Conway. Y. 'I' For a view of the premises, apply to the res- pective tenants; and for further information, to Messrs. Oldkields, solicitors, Farm, near Aber- gele, Denbighshire, at whose office a plan of the Estates may be seen. The 30th of this lonth. T. BISA, RESPECTHILLY informs his best Friends (the Public) that the present Lottery will all he drawn the 30fh of this Month. Tickets and Shares are selling at both his Offices, where in the last Two Months he sold 10,775,311(14,158, both Prizes of = £ 20,000, and 2,712, a Prize of £ 10,000, with a variety of minor Capitals. Most of the Shares have already been paid, and the Holders of those outstanding are solicited to bling them for, Payment or Exchange, to either <A 'o. 4, Cornhill, or 9, Charing Crass, LONDON, Tickets and Shares arc selling by the following Agents, most of whom sold parts of the above Capitals. R. Taylor, Music Warelmtse, Chester. P. Kaye, Bookseller, Liverpool. R. Parker, Bookseller, While church. J. Dawson, Aooksetler, Slockport. J. Sonrljord, Bookseller, Shrewsbury. Mrs. Oakey, Library, Sivtnsea. TV Cog, Bookcelter, Aberjslwith. MONTGOMERY&H RE. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, At the Bear's Head Inn, in Newtown, on Monday the 28lh day of November, 814, in the follow- ing or such other lots, and subject to such con- ditions as will then be (leclai-ed; A Valuable and lulproveaile FREEHOLD .l'- ESTATE, consisting of an undivided sixth part of the Manor or Lordshipof Llanlligan,with the perpetual rightof patronage and presentation, to the parish Church or Chapel of Llanlligan, and the entirety of sundry capital and other Mes- suages, Farms, and Lands, called by the several names, and situate in the several parishes herein after mentioned. In the parishes of Llanwrddelan and Llanlligan. Quantities by admea- surement, be the same more or less., Lot I. An undivided 6th part or share A. R. P. of the said Manor or Lordship, or re- puted Manor or Lordship, of Llanlli- I gan, with the perpetual right of pa- trotiage ati(I presentation in the pariah Church or Chapel of Llanlligan.—Also, a capital Farm, called Ci-iiigitatit, and Simon's Land, itt the occupation of Evan Davies 138 0 2 Lot 2. Fulling Mill and Lands, iu tiie occupation of Thomas Thomas 14 3 29 LotS. Clan 'r afou, in the occupation of David Davies. 49 2 11 Lot4.Hafod Lorn, in the occupation of John Jones 77 0 13 Lof. 5. Tenement in Llanwiddelan Village, in the occupation of Thomas Gittins 5 136 The foregoing lots, are distant four miles from Llanfair, and seven from Welshpool. There is a line stream of water to the Fulling Mill, which might be profitably applied to ma- nufacturing purposes. In the parish of Trefeghvys. Lot 6. Doleubachog and Moelgellie Farms, in the occupation of Thomas Jones .279 1 28 Lot 7. Cae Harry Tenement, in the occupation of Sarah Evans, widow 16 2 25 Lot 8. Tan y lan, in the occupation of Richard Jones 8 0 0 The first of the three last mentioned Jots, is distant eight miles, and each of the two others four miles from the market town of Llanidloes. In the parish of Llanidloes. Lot 9. Drain hyrion Tenement, in the occupation of William Morris. 66 2 0 This lot is within two miles of the town of Llauidloes. In the parish of Llrm bryn meter. Lot 10. INIaei y gwian Tenement, in the occupation of William Jones.53 2 32 In the parish of Mochtre. Lot 11. Pen y bryn Tenement, in the occupation of Nathaniel Owen. 30 0 0 The situation of this lot is very picturesque and t)eautiiiii.-It lies ul)on an eminence com- manding a line view of the I: ve r Severn. In the parish of Llanyonnog, Lot 12. OrtFrwyd Rhosis and Mill, in the occupations of Roger Gittins. 101 3 11 About seven miles from Newtown.—The Mill is supplied by a constant and powerful stream of water. Lot 13. Bryn Tenement, in the occu- pation of Thomas v>ood. 31 2 35 This is about four miles from Newtown. Lot 14. Pen y GwaHie Tenement, in the occupation of Richard Owen. 10 1 14 Lot 15. Clotbie Cocbion, in the occu- pation of Catherine Morgan.19 3 20 In the parish of Carno. Lot 16; Tenement in the Village, in the occupation of Edward Humphreys, 10 0 0 Lot 17. Bwlch Tenement, in the oc- cupation of Evan Morgan 10 0 0 Lot 18. House and Garden, in Caro- ses, in the occupation of L. Savage. 0 1 39 Lot 19. One moiety of a chief or fee farm rent, of R I 17s. 9d. per atin. issu. ing out of lands in Llanlligan, belong- ing to Mr. Handle Morris. All the premises are heM by the respective tenants thereof, from year to year, except lot 16, which is in lease for an unexpired term of about 8 years, under a reserved rent of = £ 12 per ann. The land-tax upon the whole of the estate is tedeemed; the several farms are entitled to ex- tensive rights of common, of pasture, and other commonable rights upon the adjacent hills, some of which, anil particularly those appurtenant to lot 9, are very valuable. The timber and other trees upon each lot, are to betaken at a separate valuation, which will be produced at the time of sale. The purchase money is to be paid on the 25th day of March next. The sale will begin precisely at three o'clock in the afternoon. The respective tenants will shew the premises; and further particulars may be had by applying to Mr. T. L. ionss) Solicitor, Oswestry. I PARTICULAR OF SUNDRY LOTS, PART of the Commons and Waste Lands, situate in the several parishes of Llan- j aelhaiaru, Clynnog, and Llanllyfni, in the county of Carnarvon, to be Sold by Auction, at the house of Griffith Roberts, in the village of CJJJ- nog, in the said county, on Thursday the 8th day of December next, between the hours of three and five o'clock in the afternoon of the same day, subject to conditions, by the Commissioners act- ing under an Act passed in the 52d year of his present Majesty's reign, intituled, An Act for inclosing lands in the parish of Nevin, and other parishes and places therein mentioned, in the county of Carnarvon," in1 order, to defray the charges and expences of the said Act, and of carrying the sa i j into execution. In the parish of Llanaelhaiarn. Lot 1. A portion of Bwlch mawr A. r.. T. Common, bounded on the north by the Common, on the south by Bronymiod, thcjiroperty of R. W. Price, Esq. on the east by an encroachment made by W. Roberts and lot 2, and on the west by Cae'r-wrach, the property of Lord Newborougb, containing 8 10 1 11111)9 Lot 2. A portion of ditto, bounded on the north and east by the Common, on the south by Bronymiod, and on the west by the said encroachment and lot l,containing. 8 2 0 Lot 3. A portion of ditto, being part of the Fuel Ground arljoiningthe boun- dary of the manor of Nanthwyuant and Tyddynmawr farm, the property of T. A, Smith, Esq. containing 23 2 0 Lot 4. A portion of ditto within the said manor, adjoining lot3 on the east, and Tyddynmawr on the south, con- taining. 16 2 0 Lot 5. A portion of ditto within the said manor, bounded on the east by farms called y Cwm and Tyddynhir, the properties of Lord Newhorough and J. Griffith, Esq. on the south by Tyddynmawr, on the west and north by the Common, containing. 15 O 0 In the parish of Clynnog. Lot|6. A portion of BwIeh Derwin, bounded on the north and east by Ynys yr Aroh and Gyfelog, the property of Lord Newborough and T. A. Smith, Esq. on the south by the Common, and on the west by the Public Road lead- ing from Clynnog to Llangybi, contain- ing. 2 120 Lot 7. A portion of ditto, bounded on the north by the Common, on the south by Tan y foel, the property of Lord Newborougb, on the east by Tan y bryn, and on (he west by all allotment purchased by Mr. Evan Powell, con- taining 5 0 0 Lot 8. A portion of Llwydmawr, call- ed Ochor braich y Cwmbran, adjoining encroachments made by John Peter, and Ellis Edwards, and extending to an old wall, made by Owen Griffith, con- taining 11 0 0 Lot 9. A portion of ditto, in Naut cwmbran, called Ochr y Graig goch, ad- joining (on the south) an Inclosure madclhy David Ellis Nanney, and W. Williams, Esqs. and on the other points by the Common and Encroachments made by Hugh Hwghes and EUis Ed- wards, containing 36 2 0 In the parish of Llanllyfni. Lot 10. A portion of the Fuel Ground in Rhoslas, adjoining Encroachments aiade by Daniel Williaiiis, Hugh Ro- berts, and Owen Williams, containing 27 '0 0 11. A portion of Braich y foel, ex. tending from a lot purchased by I). E. Nanney, Esq. to an Encroachment made by Evan Jones, and joining those made by T. Williams and J. Roberts, containing 13 1 0 Further particulars may be had, and Maps of the several Lots may be seen by applying to us, the said Commissioners.; or at the Office of Eliis, in Pwllheli and at the Office of Mr. E vans, in Carnarvon. ROBERT WILLIAMS,) „ RICHARD ELLIS, ) Commissioners. October 2blhi IS 14.
-----IRISH ANTIQUITIES. --,Ô;.'i't..,:J"
IRISH ANTIQUITIES. ,Ô; i 't. :J" THE TORQUES. • Two specimens of that ancient and now ex- tremely rare ornament, the Torques, have lately been discovered in some reclaimed "round of the county of Meat)). They are wreathed bars of pure gold, nearly five feet in length, bent into a circular form, flexible, but returning with elasticity iuto their natu. rat curved shape. Each bar consists of four flat bands, most accurately united along one of their edges, and then closely and spirally twisted throughout the whole length. The extremities in smooth, solid, truncated cones, suddenly reflected backwards, so as to form two hooks, which (tan be brought mutually toclasl) in one another. Perpendicularly from the base of one of these cones proceeds a gold wire, a quarter of an inch thick and eight inches long, terminating also in a solid coni- cal knob. This last appendage is deficient in every other Torques hitherto found, and adds considerable difficulty to what already existed in explaining the use of those expensive and singularly wrought ornaments. The weight of the larger is about 25oz. of the less 15oz. Three particulars contribute 10 render these ornaments objects of great interest and admi- ration to the antiquarian :-their invariably wreathed or twisted form, the perfect purity of the gold they are composed of, and, lastly, there being no other ornament in the use of which so many nations have conspired. The Egyptians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, and almost every people of ancient Europe, have adorned themselves with them in the early periods of their history i The purposes to which they were designed seem merely ornamental, and were, at first confined to the royal and sacerdotal charac. ters: in the latter ages thej were extended to the military. Diodorus Sictiltis says. that among the Egyptians the High Priest and Judge worc them rouud tholt neck; and tlicuce I was suspended the breast-plate, composed of I the most precious gems (aiialocoiis to Ili* | Jewish Urim and Thummim). which mani- I fested, on being inspected, the required aagtirf or judgment. Many supposed that the Ro- mans suspended their bulla from some such ornament; and that it occasionally served to gird, or gracefully tuck up their -irmetits.- Might not the longer kind of Torques have been a phalera or ornament for the breasts of horses; the fihulæ clasping near their withers, and the appendages serving to hold the bridle occasionally ? The use, however, assigned by Gibson, in his edition of Camden's lirilannix (whence Pennant has copied, verbatim, what appears on this subject in his journey to Snowden), is quite inadmissible. He consi- dered them as belisf-rom which the ancient. Ifuspendediheir quivers but, bestdes their total inaptitude for this ptirpOse, we cannot discover any marks of their being worn down at the flexures, which should necessarily hava been the case, from the constant weight and friction of the quivers, were they so suspended. Nor can we assent to his making the following lines of Virgil to signify a girdle, or baldrick. to the extremities of which the Trojan youth affixed their pliaretin — it summo pectore Flexilis obtorti per collum circulus auri." None of Virgil's commentators, from Servius down to Heyne, seem at all aware of any such meaning, but concur in explaining the circu- lus to be a flexible ornament running round the neck, aud hauling down on the upper part of the breast. Isodorus defines the Torques to be Circulus aureus a collo ad pecl?tsiisquedependens." Stephaiiusei-til)loys nearly the same words; but, indeed, a more expressive and concise defiuition than what the above quotation from Virgil contains, can hardly be conceived. Scheffer bestows eight chapters on the Torques, in his very learned and ingenious treatise, De slntiquo- rum Torquibm Syntagma." He correctly maintains that three species of ornaments were included under the generic name Torques, viz. Is!, the Torques proper, called also Carella cum fibulis, composed of rings and hooks, linked together like a chaiu; 2d, the Circulus, formed of rods of gold, laid together like cords, aud twisted into a wreath. Lastly, the Monile, a plain broad collar of gold, which was fitted closely to the neck. The Greek and Roman writers make fre- quent mention of the Torques so generally was the smaller kind to be met with, that Polybius says, 11 Ex coht)i-iibus neminem cer- neres maniacis sive Torquibus aureis armil- lisqne non ornaturn." Dio Cassius describe. this as a cOflspiclIOlllJ partot the dress of Queen Boadicea. I if us Manlius became hououred with the surname of Torquatus, from despoil- is)- his Gtullsii adversary of such an ornament. In Propertius, we, find that Viriodomaris, a King of the Gauls, wore this emblem of com- mand at the time Marcellus obtained the third royal spoils, by slaying him with his own hand. The Torques is thus described as fall- ing from his neck, on the head being severed from his body—iv. 40. Torques abincisa decidit unca gula." Livy relates, that when Publius Cornelius triumphed over the Boii, he produced, among the trophies, 1,470 Turqtjeseb and Augustus is said to have presented some auxiliaries with a Torques weighing 1001b. as a reward for military services. Of English writers, Llwyd is the first who published any account of the Torques; (he one he describes was found in 1692, at Har- lech, Merioneth, its weight was 80,;z. length nearly four feet. Dr. Leigh, iii his desci-ip- tion of Lancashire, introduced a communica- tion he had received irom Mr. Smith, respect- ing a ponderous Torques of fine -old. found A. D. 1700, at Pattingliam, it) Stallorti, weigh. ing 3lb. 2oz.; its length two feet. Mr. S oilh employs several arguments to prove that it was of Pheeuician, and not of British manu- facture. Another is described hy Woodward, ill his Collection of Curiosities, published 1728. In 1787, a Torques, weighing 13oz. was dis- covered by a labourer at Ware fearing that it might be claimed by the Lord of the Manor, he disposed of it to a Jew, who jmmedjaleJy melted it. A drawing, however, with some particulars, had been previously taken, and appeared in the Gentleman's Magazine for September, 1800. The most recent account of this specimen of British antiquity that has been published, is a paper from C. J. Harford, Esq. which may be seen in the 14th volume of the Archffiologia, p. 64, concerning a Torque. found at Quintock Hills, iu 1794; the weight barely 2lb. the length two feet. The mctal of which it was composed proved to be aa alloy of copper, zinc, and tin. From two celts being discovered on the same spot, ita origin was doubtless British, and not Roman. It appears not a little Singular, that this splendid and iuteresiing proof of the ancient wealth and advancement of Ireland should hitherto have escaped the observation of every Irish antiquarian. No trace whatever can be discovered in the writings of Kealiug, Ware. Pocock, or Ledwich, which manifests the least acquaintance with it. It has eluded even the research of the venerable, sagacious, aud pa- triotic Yallaucey notwithstanding the Bishop of Derry has been for some years in possession of an ornament similar in other respects to the i subject of these remarks, except that only three bars of gold, instead of four, go to com- pose the wreath, and that the wire terminated by a conical knob, which in those lately found issues from the case of the libula, is deficient iu his. The specimens which have given rise to t, these remarks, are in the possession of Mr. Wesl, of Skinuer-row, Dubliii, who obligingly submits them to the inspection of the curious. They have been shewn to many artisls, none of whom can clearly decide iu what manner they were manufactured. Somepurtoftha workmanship could not have been executed by castiti, or by any oflho model gf liaut. inering at preieol known.