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LONDON. -=-- I rr- I!! ID. J Y, August 27. Trench accounts of the operations in Spfiiti lo the 27!h nit. have been received, hut not one word is 9aid of ihe battles of the 28>h or •30th Sonit was expected to he in Vittoria on "the 31st of July, or 1 stof August!! He was on the 2d not only not in Vitloria, but not even in Spain. Suchet is said to have gained a vIctory at Tarragolla, making 1500 prisoners, and taking nil our cannon. No date is as -signed for this victory. Lord W. Bculinck 'Was near Tarragona on the 1st. Letters have been received from the block tiding squadron-, off St Sebastian, to the nth inst. by which we are sorry to learn, that up to thai date the fortress sfii! continued to hold out. A!et!erfron)a\avatOSirer,()ateu!i)e -I6fh, s-iiys, We have arrived here with our convoy, consisting of one troop-ship, and two Ticlnalies, with provisions for the army. Sir G. Collier is here in the Surveillante, with file Goidfuich, Sparrow, and Lyra Parloflhe ztin. are on shore tiring on St. Sebas- 1 ian's, as are the artillery. The town has beer. on (ire for four or five days. Shells and shot are firing on it day and night. They must citlicr surrender or be burnt alive." Air. Johnsol;, the King's Messenger, has ar- rived with dispatches from head-quarters, Fully confirming the intelligence of the re newal. of hostilities, and the Declaration of Austria pgamsf France; he left Reichenbach, the head-quarters of the Emperor of Russia on the 13th. His dispatches state, that on the morning of the 11th the Austrian Decla- ration-of War was announced, and passports .were at the same time sent to the French Ple- nipotentiaries, Bonaparte having" returned no •nnswer to the Emperor of Austria's Uifiioa- tuni. li is said that Bonaparte wished to re new the Armistice, but Austria would only consent" to it upon the evacuation by the French of all the Prussian fortresses and that no answer having been returned to this pro- tile iie,-ocl,,t,tt)n (,fcotit-se broke otY. At the departure ot Mr. Johnson from Reich- enbach. Lord Cathcart was preparing to leave that city. It is supposed that he was going to it that time the head quarters of the Emperors of Russia and Austria, and the King of Prussia- The Regency of Spain have lately carried info execution the unanimous vote of the Con- gress, which ordered a grant of land to be conferred on the Marquis of Wellington, as a ,solId and enduring-monument of the gratitude of their nation, tor the transcendant services he h is rendered it. Three royal estates have accordingly been submitted to the British ■•Field-Marshal for his choice, and with that disinterestedness and taste which are known to temper the splendour of his military fame, lie gave the preference to that which was lowest in actual value, but which came re commended to his fancy by ilie beauty of its situation and the amenities of its scenery.— It is the royal estate, called the Sit i co d i Roma, equate ou the river Xenil, in the kingdom of Granada. Its annual produce is estimated at 30,000 dollars. We are told that General Clinton, who was second in command under General Murray, has had an interview with Lord Wellington, 111 consequence of a summons from his Lord- ship for that purpose, and has stated the cir cumstances which led to the evacuation of Cataloilia by the army of Alicant. After re- 11', lic sent 6ell. C. ceiving this representation, he sent Gen. C. home to detail io the Regent's Ministers the facts on which their judgment is to be formed as to the trial of the late Commander III Chief of that army. Extract <>t a Letter from a Spanish General who was in I he last Actions. Madrid, dug I L-Soult, with seven divisions 'of infantry, 40 pieces of artillery, -and 3000 ca- valry, in all 45,000 men, attacked and took on the i5rh July the passes of Alaya and llonces- vaJ/es the former with 12,000 men, the latter -with et)(iiiiiantle(i by himself in person. As the vallies of the Pyrenees do not communi- cate with each other except by Pampluna, it was easy for him, having collected such numbers, to open himself a passage, although with much loss, as ffedrat in inlava, and Cote and Morillo, in Ho ncesvalles, caused him that of 1,000 men.— At that, point he announced to his army, that tie Jiari express orders from the Emperor to tie in Victoria on the 31s', aftei having raised the blockade of Pampluna, and in consequence at. tacke(I Cole alld Morillo, and obliged them, with Gen Picton, to retire to the heights of Huarte, lc--igue from Pamplnna. Lord Wellinglon .marched there on the 26th, and on the 27th, having miraculously escaped by only live minutes from falling into the enemy's hands, arrived at ten in II)e i-iot-iiiiiw ori those heights, where'he was reeeivecFby the troops with that enthusiasm with which a victorious General always inspires iiis soldiers. It was fortunate it happened thus, as otherwise he would have heen necessitated to make a detour of five hours, during which time it is certain Picton would have retired to the other side of Pampluna bUI on hisarrival every tiling was remedied and although he had only two divisions (Morilla and Silviera not having tlien arrived), and half of O'Donnel's troops, he determined upon lighting. Soult, who knew our Weakness, attacked that day, but was completely repulsed'with the'bayonet, by a galtanf charge of the Portuguese and the Prince's regiment.— (In the 28lboult lost ail the morning in pre- parations and at ten, wheu the 6tii division bad made. so desperate an a.Itack with live divisions upon the position defended by the 4th -English division, 'hat all the valouroi the troops "was necessary to resist it. There were live ,Cliar,fres on the left, and three on the rig-lit, with the bayonet, and in all of them rhe English had .the superiority over the enemy. The 29th pass- ed peaceably if was known the enemy lost 6000 men 'he preceding day, and were preparing for' a fresh attack on the 30th hut -on its arrival, and when we were expecting a new combat, the enemy were seen retiring by (lie road of Ronces- valles and Bastan, under favour of the almost impregnability of his position, which Maucune's .division defended. Lord W dli ngton ordered it to be attacked, and took 300 prisoners.,a Colonel, two Lieutenant-Colonels, and a great number of subalterns. On that day Gen. Hill was attacked by (ien. D'Krlon, who was driven back upon JLezaco. We pursued through Bastan., and on the 31st overtuok the convoy, under Gautier in lilizando, escorted by 1200 men, with 400 English, The disproportion of forces made him quietly wait our arrival, quite confident of an easy victory but on the first fire his soldiers ran, leaving in our power the convoy, which was composed of 100 carriages, 250 mules laden with hreauand brandy, and 5i>G prisoners. On the 1st of August they lost all the baggage, and es- caped in great haste At a moderate computa- tion, Soult's loss cannot be less than lS,OOO men. St. -Is by no means a frontier town, but cOllsidcrably within tlte mountain boundary of Ihe Peninsula. It is the capital of Guipuscoa, the eastern division of Biscay, and possesses a good and welt frequented har- bour, secured by two moles, on which redonbts are pianted.and through which only one ship can pas, at a lime. The streets are long, broad, and straight, and paved with while Hag stones. The houses are (or rather were) handsome, the churches neat, and the envi- rons pleasant. It carried on a great trade, and very populous, as several families are obliged to live in the saiiieliotise. Their great- est trade consists in iron and steel, which some affirm to he the best in Europe; they also deal in wool, which comes from Old Castile. On August 3, 1794, this place was invested by the French Republican troops, and capitu- lated on the following day. The garrison, consisting of 2,000 iiiell, surroiidered prisoners of war, 180 pieces of brass cannon were taken, with considerable magazines and stores. It is seated at the mouth f the Gurumeo, with a delightful prospect of the sea on one side, and a distant view (nearly 38 miles) of the Pyre- nees on the other. It lies about 50 miles E. hy N. of Bilboa. The following article on the subject of his Majesty's ailme-it is from a Sunday paper — -1 It is known, that excepting the privation of sight, his Majesty, notwithstanding his ad. vanced age, labours under no particular bo- dily infirmity. Even that temporary aliena- tion of understanding which the whole nation deplores, has hecli declared by medical me,, not to ue insusceptihle of Cllre. We can now state upon pretty good authority, that our venerable Sovereign has for some weeks past been blessed with frequent lucid intervals, and which, hy their long continuance, have, we understand, excited very favourable expecta- tions among his medical attendants. As these hopes, however, may prove unfounded, we shall not dwell upon them. Whether Frovi deuce may he p leased to restore his Majesty to permanent health, and enable him to re- sume the reins of State, time alone can shew. At present it must be salisfactory to every virtuous mind to learn, that his Majesty is exempt from pain, enjoys a tranquil and com- posed state of mind, and is in a situation in which he can hear without detriment, or danger of relapse, the important occurrences otourtimes. Ministers have inconsequence, at the desire of the Prince Regent, and with the full approbation of the medical men, communicated to his Majesty the public mea.- sures which they have adopted during his ill- ness, the !me of policy that has been followed both at home and abroad, the disasters and final ruin of the Fi-ciicli armies in Russia last winter, with the present situation of affairs in Germany; concluding with the late triumphs of the allied armies in Spain, and the happy prospect that had been thereby opened for lie expulsion of the enemy from that country. The communication was made at different times: His Majesty listened throughout with eager hut composed attelitioll, and expressed the highest pleasnrc at those parts of the re- citals which narrated the triumphs of freedom in Germany. The skiil and valour which achieved the hte victories in Spaill, drew from him expressions of admiration. In conclusion, his Majesty is said to have given ihe warmest and most unqualified approbation of the pub- lic measures and policy of the Prince Regent and his Ministers." M. Sen,' srel,— Augustus William Schlegei, who now (ills the highly distinguished situa- tion of Private Secretary to the Crown Prince of Sweden, and who has been frequently ho- noured with certain particular marks of re gard by Bonaparte, is by birth a Hanoverian, and considers himsclf a lawful subject of the King of Great Britain, as Elector of Hanover. He has enjoyed, for many leal's, a high repu- tation in Germany as a literary character of the first eminence. He is the translator into his native language of the most celebrated of Shakspear's Dramas, and far surpasses in- fidelity and elegance of diction, any foreigner (arid we speak Fr>m an intimate acquain- tance with several French and Italian transla- tions) who has made a similar attempt. lie is, in short, an enthusiastic admirer of our I lilerature and national character and has g-iven many decided proofs of his sentiments in this respect. In the course of various lite- rary controversies with Continental Authors, he has uniformly impeached that species of servile adulation towards Frenchmen and French lilerature, which has so long opposed the progressof true science, and keptdown the principles of genuine liberty in Germany-an adulation which has, perhaps, paved the way tor ihe political subserviency of which Europe has so long and so often experienced the me- lancholy effects. M. Schlegei is also the trans- lator of several tragedies of Calderon, some minor poems of Camocns, and several sonnets of Petrarch. lie is, besides, an excellent German poet ail the languages of Europe, the Sclavonic excepted, are familiar to him and he is esteemed one of the best classical Mcholars of the. age. If we are not mistaken, he is the author of a philological work, which traces the affinity ot the German and Persian tongues. — Of his proficiency in the French language he gave a remarkable proof, in a pamphlet published at Paris five years ago, and cntitted," A Comparison between the Phedra of Euripides and of llarine." For this production, to the eternal disgrace of the munificent Napoleon the patron of the Arts the enlightened father of the Sciences and the Leo of Ihe 9th century Schlegei was exiled from France The lettre de cachet which removed him, alleges against him as a crime, that he had offended the manes of Ra- cine, by assigning a higher rank to a poet of ancient Greece Such were the terms but not the motives of the warrant.—Schlegei was guilty of crimes of a deeper dye; he was tutor to the children of Madame de Stael, and was now and then suspected of trying his hand," in concert with that justly celebrated female, at a Manifesto against the Continental System. With Madame de Stael, Schlegei was exiled from France, and he faithfully followed her fortunes, until his appointment ill tilesillite of the Crown Prince He is understood to be the framer of all the Declarations and State Papers, issued by Sweden since his accession to the common cause, and he is the author of several pamphlets, displaying great eloquence and depth of political research, levied ex- pressly against Bonaparte and his Sattelitcs.
PRUSSIAN EDICT Fon THE LEVY-EN-MASS…
PRUSSIAN EDICT Fon THE LEVY-EN- MASS E, &c. &c. (From the Berlin Gazette of July 31.) We, Frederick William, by the Grace of God, King of Prussia, &c. Beholding with satisfaction the perseverance and distinguished bravery with which our army has sustained until the present moment its strug- gle for our country, as well as the numerous efforts and sacrifices by which our faithful sub jeers have with the greatest emulation contri, huted ill every manner to its defence, and to obtain the great results for which this struggle has oesn undertaken we have firm confidence, that this public spirit, which has been manifested by all with so much glory, will never cool; and we build upon it principally our hope of success in our just cause, 1.4(1 of the permanent and solid establishment of all States, particularly that of Prussia. We also perceive with pleasure the prompti- tude and zeal with which the Landwehrhas been organised, and the levv-en-masse carried into execution and behold with gratitude the attach- ment to our person, and to our country, by which the Prussian nation is particularly distin- guished. JII doing justice to these sentiments, we believe it to he our duty not to demand more efforts and sacrifices than necessity may exact, in order that business may suffer the least pos- sible interruption, as upon that depends so es- sentially the welfare of our faithful sllbjects- We command them, in respect to the levy-en- masse, enjoined by the edict of the 21st April of the present year, as follows — Art. 1 The Levy-en-Masse shall continue and he enforced as ahead) ordered as the patriot- ism, however, which has been generally mani- fested induces us to think that every Citizen ea, pable of serving is filled with an anxious desire to defend the country in case of danger, and will cheerfully obey the first summons to take up arms, il infirmities and old age do not prove ob, stacles to fulfilling so honourable a duty, we have made the following modifications :— 2. There shall be. formed out ot the Levy-en- Masse a Reserve, wh'cii being kept constantly at its full complement, may be sufficient to COlli, plete promptly the Landwebr. A particular or- dinance will regulate the organisation of this Reserve. 3. Moreover, in the country and in the towns which shali not contain 300 men fit for the ser- vice of the Levy-en-Masse, one-third of which nllrnbtrhallltortl themselves ready, alternately, during one week, to elIte, in ease of need on im- mediate service in mounting guard, and in fulfil- ling all tht; military and police functions that the Magistrate may require. 4. in the iarge cities where business is less compatible wuh the military service, and in which they may find more than 300 men tit for the service of the Levy-eii-Mas»e, there shali be formed of the one-third which shall remain when the men engaged for the Landwebr shall be tie ducted, some permanent companies or battalions of citizens, who shall make part of the Land- webr, but whose duty will be confined to t'ne defence of (be city. In those places where guards of citizens already exist, they will enter into those companies or battalions. G. The Levy-en-Masse. as well as companies and battalions of arquebussiers and of burgess guard, will remain under the immediate orders of their respective commanders but they will likewise be under the cOlltrol of the magistrates, of the police of rhe place or district. 8 The Ministers of Justice, without excep- tion, as well as the Functionaries of the Police and of the Communes, with -the exception of" Provincial Councillors, will remain in the coun- try on the approach of the enemy hut ii is for- bidden-them to fake any oath to obey him. Alt the other superior authorities, particularly all the administrative authorities, will retire it is evpcc'ed, however, that they will not withdraw' until the last moment. 9. The Levy en Masse will he exercised and trained every Sunday and Holiday, and they will meet: three evenings in each week for a like purpose. 10. The evacuation of a place, and the devas- tation of a district, shall not be carried into ex- ecution without particular orders from the Mili- tary Gove rnments, in case those measures shall be judged necessary. In conclusion, it is under- stood that; it is the duty of every individual to deprive the enemy as much as possibie of all mcans of subsistence. We particularly recommend to our faithful subjects Ihe observance of the above articles, and to keep in mind, that zeal when not regu- lated by discretion, is prejudicial to the cause it is intended to serve. Given at Berlin the 27th July, 1813. (Signed) FREDERICK WILLIAM. (Countersigned) I! ARDENT, SCHG. Bresl/jw, July 0 Military Govern- ment judges it proper to recall to the mind of the inhabitants, the Cabinet Order of March nlh, which is as follows — 1. Every individual who, without being au- thorissd by the Government, shall form or main- tain any correspondence wilh the enemy, and communicate with him, either by writing or verbally. 2. Every individual who shall procure the enemy horses, arms, ammunition, or clothing. 3. Every man convicted of furnishing to the enemy forage or provisions, without having been compelled to do it by a military force which he is unable to withstand, shall, for every one of the above offences, be tried before a council of war, and if found guilty, he punished with death.
POLITICAL SUM Aid tl i".I
POLITICAL SUM Aid tl i". RECOMMENCEMENT OF WAR IN THE NORTH. O/cr. A RAT I ON OF WAR BY THE EMPEROR OF AUSTRIA AGAIJJST FRANCE. — INTERVIEW nET w 8 NTH E SOVEREIGNS OF RUSSIA, AUSTRIA, AND PRUSSIA, AT PRAGUE. THE Diana packet arrived at Harwich on Thursday evening, with Mr. Sylvester, the Messenger, who reached Loudon oil Friday morning, with most important dispatches.- He left Reichenbach on the 13th inst. The Austrian Declaration of War against France was announced on the morning of the It th, and passports were nt the same time sent to the French Plenipotentiaries. The Russian army immediately began to move at different points in several columns. The Emperors of Russia and Austria, and the King of Prussia, were at Prague, the common headquarters of the Al- lies; and Lord Cathcart, when the Messenger left Reichenbach, was getting into his carriage to proceed also to Prague. It is said in an ar ticie from Berlin, that the first operation in Silesia was the capture of Bresfnu by the French, who/were subsequently driven from it by the Allies wilh the loss of twelve pieces of cannon, but it is obvious from the dale that there could he no foundation for this rumour, as hostilities did not commence till the 17th, after the expiration of the six days uofice. If is reported, however, that a great battle was expected in Lusatia about the 20ih,alld to thai a fUflher rumour has been tacked, or rather an wfercnce drawlI, that the French wercsllC- c cessful because it is said that on the 25th the French fleet in the Scheldt were dressed in co- lours, and were saluting. Whether this latter statement is a fact or not, or if it. was so, to what it referred, we are unable tn ascertain. Many rumours will, of course, now be put iiito circulation, which it will be impossible either 10 affirm or contradict, unlit sOllie intelligence is received on which reliance can be placed.— The intelligence respecting Denmark is con- < tradictory. I I is slid tliit two of ii-ace trom Denmark were sent to Heligoland, and that the contents of the dispatches were brought over here in one of the packets. No- | ihii.g however has transpired respecting thell. object. A gentleman who came in the packet which brought Mr. Sylvester, and who has been during the last four months in Russia, estimates tfie f orce of that kingdom al 200,000 men, and that of Austria, including Ihe Hun gnnan levies, at 250,000. These numbers, we are afraid, are exaggerated, hut there is no reason lo believe that the united force of the Allies can by any possibility now be inferior to thai of the French. The laller is estimal ed, in letters from Goltenburgh, at from 280,00010300,000 men, and the united force of Russia, Austria, Prussia, and Sweden, must ue at least equal in number, if not considera- bly superior. Bonaparte is known to have been desirous of renewing the Armistice but he wished to induce the Allies, fo consent to a renewal for a definite period, before they entered upon any terms of negociation. And Canlaincourt began hyan insolent declaration at Prague, that the Armistice mmt be pro- longed before he could open his commission. This -proposal was instantly and indignantly rejected, and Austria demanded of the differ- ent Plenipotentiaries the basis upon which thev were willing to treat in a Congress.— Russia and Prussia delivered their united basis. Bonaparte, it is said, declined giving in any, biif waited to receive a proposal of Austria.—■ Austria transmitted her's, which was the eva- cuation of the Prussian fortresses by the French and, according to report, the removal of the French troops to the Rhine, the abandonment of the Rhenish Confederation. and ggncrally the evacuation of all those parts of Germany seized by the enemy. This projet was trans. mitted to Bonaparte with an intimaliou that the Emperor of Austria would expect a reply before the 101b of August. No reply was re- turned, and the Armistice was denounced on the 10th. Austria declared war on the Illh, and Canlaincourt and Narboune immediately received their passports. Whether Bonaparte expected Austria to take 40 decisive a pari against him, is is impossible to know but a Ielrer from the Russian head-quarters states, that much discontent prevailed in the French camp at the prospect of the renewal of the war with the addition of another powerful enemy—and that Bonaparte had received a deputation from the Senate, intimating to him, that if Austria declared against France, the tranquillity of the interior would be in danger.
REPORT Of the National Vaccine Establishment. To the Right Honourable Viscount Sidmoulh, National Vaccine. Establishment, Leicestester-square, Jprit22d, 1813. Mv Lo E Board of tlio National Vac- cine Establishment have the honour of informing your Lordship, that during the year 1812 the Surgeons appointed by their authority to the nine Stations in London, have vaccinated 4,521 per- sons, and have distributed 23,319 charges of Vac- cine Lyfiiph to the Public. The number vacci nated this year exceeds that of 1811 by 1,373, and the demand for Lymph has been ofren so great that it could not without difficulty be sup- plied. The Board had Jast year reason to think that nearly two-thirds of the children born in the Metropolis, were vaccinated by charitable Insti- tutions, or private Practitioners. There is now reason to believe that three-fourths of those born are submitted to that salutary operation. But" though the prejudices against the Sow Pock, which have been artfully encouraged by ignorant and interested men, appear gc,jerkily to decline in the Metropolis, as well as in (.,tier parts of these Dominions, yet it is with concern that the Board have noticed the increase of mortality from Small Pox in this City last year, to the number of 1,287. Previous to the discovery of Vaccination the average number of deaths from Small Pox, within the Bills of Mortality, was 2,000 and though in the last ten years 133,139 persons were added to the population of this great City, yet in 1811, by the benefit of Vaccination, the mortality was reduced to 751, The increase in the last year, we have reason to ascribe io the rash and incon- siderate manner n which great numbers are still inoculated for the Small Pox, and afterwards (equired to attend two or three times a week, at the place of Inoculation, and of promiscuous in- tercourse of the Patients at the same time with Society, is the great weallS by which this Disease is kept in existence, and its infection propagated to persons and places where it would not otherwise be seen. This is not only the opinion of this Board, faucded on observation, but it is a tact confirmed by communications to them Fruai 'he best auUiorUies, and by the most unprejudiced characters. The respectable College of Surgeons of Dublin allege that the practice of Liociiiatinn not only supplies acoiistanf source of infection, buttpre- vents the extinction of the disease, for even a short interval. The populous City of Norwich was never free from if till the discovery of Vaccination, but since that period it has experienced occasional remissions from its ravages. In I SOT, after its disappearance for some time, the disorder was brought into that City hy a Vagrant from London, who, before the [Magistrates were ap- prized of it, or, before the salutary advice given by the Faculty to provide a place where such, person might he secluded from intercourse with the inhabitants could be adopted, communicated the contagion. Of 1,200, who took 'he infection, 203 died. At that period, viz. 1807, the preju- dices against Vaccination had not subsided. But in 1812, when that City was threatened with a similar visitation, by the appearance of the Small Pox in the neighbourhood, the Magistrates the Faculty, and the Clergy concurred in recom- mending Vaccination. Between the 10th of Au- gust, and 22d of October following, 1316 persons were vaccinated. The result was, that though one gentleman, whose child the Faculty refused tc, iiijiociilate, procured matter of Small Pox, which he applied himself, and from this source seven persons took the infection, yet by means of this seasonable Vaccination not a life was lost. This result, so (iiiferent froin the events of 1807, cannot but. make an impression oil every mind open fo conviction when Vaccination was not performed 1,200 persons took the Small Pox, of which number 203 died when speedy recourse was had to Vaccmaciou there was not a victim to the disease. But. it is not at home only that lessons, so much to the credit of this new art, may be learned The Board have abundant communica- tions from every quarter of the world equally to its advantage. To detail all the evidence which they may have received as to its e'Rcacy, not only in preventing the Small Pox, but its power to suppress its ravages under the most unfavour- able and threatening circumstances, would extend this Report to an irriproper and an unusual length. They will content themselves with mentioning a few particulars, which they trust will recommend it to the favour and confidence of their country- men, and to the fostering care of Government. ()" tl)C-,botit;netit of I i)(i.a V;icriniitioti has I)ee!i hailed as the greatest blessing, and has been practised with the greatest success, and in the most extensive manner In the Islands of Ceylon and Bourbon it has been received in a manner no less favourable, and been practised with an efTect no less beneficial. In the Isle of Ceylon, since its first introduction, more than 200,000 persons have been vaccinated: 80,491 in theyar 1811 only, as appears by the subjoined table from Mr. Anderson, the Super- intendant General, to whom but one case of fai- lure, in preventing the Small Pox, (and the cir- cumstances of this case render it very doubtful) has occurred, in the great numbers which he has seen. At the Cape of Good Hope the Small Pox is dreaded as much as the Plague, and it has proved there little less destructive fo human life. Lord Caledon, the late Governor, established at Cape Town a Vaccine Institution, which was soon called into activity under his successor Sir J. Cradock. The colony consists of a population of 80 or DO,000 individuals, of which number it was supposed 15,000 were subject, to take the iu- fection of the Small Pox, which appeared there ou the 12th March 1812. Between that lime and the 4th July following 233 persons caughp. the disease, of which number 100 died. The remaining part of the inhabitants liable to tha disorder were preserved by an active Vaccitia- j tion, in which all the faculty in the place, as well as the regimental and garrison Surgeons, strenuously exerted themselves. From the various details with which the Board have been favoured, we think it our duty to select one instance, as tending to show iu a most pointed manner the power of the Vaccine Lymph to arrest the contagion of the Small Pox. Four hundred Negroes from Mosambique were on the 1st of March landed at Cape Town, one of whom, a woman, was on the 5th succeeding afflicted with the confluent Small Pox in its most virulent form. This female was at that time in. habiting a large room, in common with 200 more of her companions, not separated eiiher by "Maj- or night. On-the report of this case the whole of these victims of avarice and cupidity," as the surg-eon terms them, were immediately sub- jected to Vaccination, and on the following day removed to'a 'Sniall island (I'aiii-(Iell Island) at a little distance from the Town. A few days after this the woman fella sacrifice to the mostaggra- vated character of that dreadful disease. Of the aggregate number of Negroes, 78 individuals re- ceived the Vaccine disorder, and underwent the regular course of its action. Froll these subjects the remaining portion were vaccinated. "They remained on the Island 50 days, during which no further case of Small Pox made its appear- ance, although they had been exposed to the whole strength of the contagious atmosphere, nor is there a single instance wherein any of this large proportion of persons became subject to ille Small Pox." It. is added by the profes- sional gentleman who writes this account, that throughout the entire course of this «' arduous struggle" (the general Vaccination) not a single instance had come to his knowledge of the failure of Vaccination in protecting the individual from the Small Pox, whera the former was ascertained to have taken effect. (To be continued-)
BANKRUPTS. John Gordori,Cop'haII-Huitdings,London,mer- chant— Francis Adrian Van Ihck, East India Chambers, London, merchant.— William liowetls, Leominster, Hereford, innkeeper—Wm. Pacey, Leicester-square, M iddlesex, china-man—Robert Syms, Queen street, Southwark, Surrey, lighter- m- Stokes, Newport, Salop, shoe- Stoll, New Bridge street, Black- friars, London—Matthew Brogy, George street, London, gunstock maker—Wm. Harrison, sen and William IfarVison, jun. York, linen-drapers —George Holme, Charles Holme, ami William Holme, Long Island, Cumberland, dealers—F. Smith, Saint Phillip and Jacob, Gloucester,malt- ster-John Davenport, Huggin lane, Loudon, silk manufacturer—Margaret Mastermau, Picca- dilly, Middlesex, sadler-John Morrison and James Morrison, Croydon, Surrey, grocers-C. Russell, of Bath, brush maker--Simon Cock, Easingball street, London, merchant—Margaret Maskery, !,m' Dorothy Maskery, of Handle/, Staffordshire, milliners and dress makers—Jas. Warburton, Lough Bridge, Lancashire, calico printer—-—Charles Newton, Clereniont-house, Queen's buildings, Broinpton, Middlesex, seri- ve lie ,Ai) i-,tliani Sexton, Ossett, Yorkshire, clothier J°hn Moreton, Manchester, shop- kceper—Henry Proctor, and Thomas Gastrin, Tipton, Staffordshire, grocers—John Thomas, Ed ward Tyler, and Selll of Bristol, build- ers and copartners—James Nowles, Ormskiik, Lancashire, woollen diaper Martin ArumbV, of Gamsbrougti, in the county of Lincoln, sail-cloth manufacturer William Lee, and Edmund Lee, Kennington, Surrey, stoue,masons- Tudor Pugh, Brick lane, Middlesex, tallow chandler and oil ¡ man-—John Humphries Billing, the elder, Wm. Brooks, and John Humphries Billing, the young- er, Paddington, Middlesex, corn dealers, and dealers in flour, salt, and coal-Jacob Davies, Manchester, hatter and hosier—William Ashbey, Albury, Hertford, butcher-William Woodward, London, carpenter and timber dealer-—Joseph, I Cook, Liverpool, linen draper—Richard Toby, Lucas street, Middlesex, carpet warehouseman— Samuel Cook, Liverpool, linen draper.