I Lid if Killed on board his Majesty's Ship Shannon Ie;, T. L Waff, lirsi lieutenant.—G. Aldham, purser.—John Dunn, captain's clerk—f' Gilbert, able searnani—William BerHIes, yble seaman.— I Neil nilchrisl, allle seaman,—Thomas Selby, able seaman.—James Long, able seaman.—John I Young, able seaman.— James Wallace able sea- men.—Thomas Bar-r, ordinary seaman."—Michael Murphy, ordinary seaman.—Th' mas Jones, or- dinary seaman.—Thomas Barry, first class boy. rres Jauiy-s, I)I,ivLl-e '-Do(iiiiiiqLie Sader, private- W.Yoitnc, private. Sit PERN UMBRA JI I ES. —Win. Morrisay .• John M o r i a r t v. — T ho ns a s German. (Sighed) P. B. V- BROKE, Captain. h ALEX. JACK, Surge-on.
J LONDON. FRIDAY, JULY 9. Paris Papers, to the 41 h mslant, have been received. The JMoni. >teur of Ihi 3;1 colita,kils a loili,' and vapouring "article in which Bonaparte makes a pompous display Oil, the state HI his Army, the nume- "ous reinfurcemcnts on their march to join is Hie^reat slren^lb of the fortresses, and the friendly z.-ai of the Kings of Saxony, Wirtem bnr^h, aiid Bavaria. In the of places* wli leii i,.nl)rov flatii burg.li is • particularly noticed. 1) ivoust is said to have been reinlorced there with troops from Holland, Denmark, and France, consti- a <rre«!er force than wasever assembled at that place on any former occasion, It litv- ing- heell discovered that the Elbe is equally rapa'ble and fit as the Scheldt tor building I he largest sq.uariroM, means are taking for put tiii:Z it iii a similar state, and for that purpose C.u\ >v a is under repair, and it is proposed to build a new fort ou the V'erden side. Among tiie othec great military preparations, it is said that t ie K-i.g of Bavaria has established a camp of 25.000 men at Ny mpheuburih, neas Munich, and that the Viceroy is assemb- ling the army of Italy between the Piavt; and the Auige." This fine military display, howe- ver, concludes not with a boast thai he will di ■ive the" Russians hack into their frithsful climate' faster than they came, but. with a of peace. He says, "The Con grcss is not assembled- We, however, expect that it will in a few days. If a month has been lost, the faull has lIot been with France." And a;t.i!ii —" However brilliant Ills situation, he ,,¡¡he on Ihat account desires peace wish trtore ardour Whether this profession be affected or sincere, a little tune will shew. In the .«Teat variety of miscellaneous matter, of winch this communication of Bonaparte to his Empress is composed, England, he savs. no money, is able to furnish nonc to Prussia and Russia, anil their own paper failing, a treaty has heen entered into for the issue of a new paper currency to the amount of several: hnndred milliOns, to be guanuteed by these I lire e Powers, j Some letters from France have arrived, which ti-,at the M,,ir(itiisof was known at Paris, though no account had been published by Government. It was he- lieved ihat the Field-Marshal would immedi- ately push hts victorious army into the South of France, where Iwre is known to be great discontent. It was feared that the Spaniards would eagerly avail themselves of an oppor- tunity to make the French feel in their own couiitry some of those .Miseries they have in- fiicted in spaia and though Lord Wellington niigiii he able and would preserve discipline in his own army, yet ihat the separate Guerilla detachments would nut be prevailed upon to behave with the same steadiness, it is a proud tiling f;.r this country that the French, who were invade us, and win, threatened to place the Frcn("i fla; on the Tower of London, who did invade Portugal and almost overrun Spain, should not only not have dared to carry their I th< ea;s ink; execution against us, hut that by its, wil,)Ili,t-iiey were to conquer, they have f been expelled from Portugal and Spain, and 1 are fit this moment in expectation of an inva- sion themselves Courier Office, two o'clock.—The following let- ter has just been received by a merchant's house ¡ in the City. We can only answer for (he receipt of the letter, and for the arrival of the ship at Hull. We had, however, been informed, that the Armistice had extended to the Crown Prince's amy. 41 litill, 8th Iiily,, at night.-I open my letter to announce that news has just arrived at Hull, by Callisle, Capt. Watts, from the Mouth of the Kibe-; thai Bernadotte, at the head of his troops, -lie Russians who lately joined him, alter a sharp and, as it is said, a very sanguinary engage nem, had taken possession of Hamburgh. Gea. Davoiist, with his Staff Oflicers, and a fev, others, were all that escaped to Harburg,.in sue h vessels as rhey could find upon the Kibe. Capf. Waits farther states, that. l.onaparte has quilted Dresden, and that the A.Ilies are joined by the Austrians. 1 suppose ere this rhat Capt. Watts landed a VIcssenger, who will be in town when WHI receiver his. V\ e do not perceive that the Monilcur, which is of a subsequent date to the Paris papers, which asserted that Sir John Murray's army h^d oeen defeated in Spain, takes any notice of the affair, from which we are led to be- lieve tnat the whole statement was a gross exaggeration. Lord Vvellington is expected to make a grand dasii into France, probably as far as B <qrd,¡wx, He is s1!a! to have thus addressed oii file clei)ai-ttii,e of Otiicer: —"Go my friend; I wish you a speedy passage; but, it is probable, that I shali he in France as soon as you arrive in England, And thence you may expect to hear from me next." it is stated in letters from Gottenburgh, thai ii.Miaparte was dangerously ill of his for mer epileptic complaint, and that Berthier, his principal adviser in all his enterprizes, was either dead, or on his death-bed The follow- ing article, extracted from the Pomeranian Gazette, has been supposed to give a counte- nance lo this rumour, but from its dale it is evidently at variance with the odicial state nients (so far at least as regards Bonaparte) in the Paris Papers. From Saxony.—The most anxious curiosity has been exciied by the arrival or a sick person, who for several days has been in the (loyal Pajaee of Dresden. On his approach to that capital, the carriage in which he was conveyed moved very slowly, arid was attended by SOO ca- valry. 't"ie roi(I witliout file to,,i*ti iva, Iai(i ;vi(t) dung covered straw, and from of the city, all the streets through which the proces- sion passed were not only strewed with straw, but were ,I,ain overlaid willi cloth The avenue to rhe palace since this distinguished invalid be- came an inmate., has been closed hr iron chains, Upon horses, carriages, and whatever coulfl oc- casion the least noise A t all hours of the day French Physicians of the highest repute are hast- ening to the palace, and continue there for a con- siderahle time. At the hours ^of public service in rhe churches, in order that-the repose of th s high pei -onage may not be disturbed, the ring- ing of the b; Is is strictly forbidden." Bioyere, General of division of the bght cavalry, and nephew of the Prince of Neuf- ch itel. d ed on lite 6ih. at nine in the n.orn- injj, in cons qu* nee of |he wound which he reot.ved at the battle of Bautzen, on the 21st May. The Armistice liis been extended to the I Crown Prince's army. Marshal Jourdan, who commanded the French Army in the laie battle, was one of tlie most distinguished and successful Generals in the early part of the French Revolution, tie is put down second oil the list of French Marshals; Moncey (Duke of Cornrghano) bemg the only one before him. He is the oldy one without a title, winch is attributed to his helllg all untamed republican. He has been ior a considerable time Governor ol Madrid I Kotzehue's Journal contains the following observations on the first announcement, in the Paris Papers, of Bo-.aparie's proposal of a Congress to negonale a general peace :— It would be superfluous to comment, at any length upon the intelligence thus announced.— Napoleon, ever aware ha' there are some simple beings who are susceptible of any impression, puts on the appearance of beiug as meek as a lamb, and pretends to have nothing so much at heart as the restoration of peace. But every man that does not fall into the snare, will con- trast this honied discourse with the series of his trast this honied discourse with the series of his actions, which testify that, with the conviction j of his approaching ruin, a hel'of more and more !.turbulent passion boils in his bosom, which ren- ders every idea of peace an insupportable tor- tnenl, and makes the noise of battle, and the groans of the dying, indispensably necessary to his existence. S-.» far is he from beiasc serious in his overtures for peace, that at the very instant when he offers his hand to England, he totally ¡ precludes her from entertaining any wish for peace. The. Britons r.re inveighed against as egotists. How long will the French Usurper to sound the cuckoo note ?" "lie Sl,. Petersbnrgh azette-relates tlie fol lowing anecdote— During the flight ol the French troops through the village of Storko low, belonging to Major lPoti-ist).w,'a Coli,itei and six other officers attempted to violate the wiloof a boor named Proskowja. •hiealetiing instant destruction with their sabres, if she rej used compliance. The woman liaslilysualch ■' ed up a pitch fork, witli which she mortally wounded the Col. and two officers, upon which the rest took to flight She then hung the Colonel's uniform, sash, and gorget, upon the prongs of the pitch fork, and laid those trophies of her heroic chastity at the feet of the proprietor oi the village, who rewarded her with a sura of money, and declared her ever free from all national services. Captain Broke, who so nobly distinguished Iiif,oseli*Iu the capture ol the Chesapeake, is the eldest son of the late Phillip liowes Broke, of Broke's Hall,Nacton,Suffolk, Esq.—Lieut.- Colonel Bjroke, A. Q, M. G. 4lh division of the British Army in Portugal, of whom ho- uoorable mention is made by Field-Marshal Wellington in his late dispatches, is brother to the Captain of the Shannon. The skill and intrepidity so finely displayed in the late cap lure of the Chesapeake American frigate, have met with the reward they were so justly enli. tied 10; Lord Melville has', as a mark of his high estimation of the conduct of the Officers of Ihe Shanfton, promoted the surviving Lieu- tenants to the rank of Commanders, and the Midshipmen, who so ably followed the orders of their gallant Captain, to succeed to their silu ilious as Lieutenants of that ship. A great number of vessels and boats of every descrip tion, filled with spectators, were cruizing near Boston Captain Lawrence informed the in I habitants of that town, they might expect his rc III rn 10 l II e harbour in about two hours and a half from the tune of his departure, with the Shannon, which he had no doubt of cap luring, and desired a sump! irons dinner might be prepared for himself and crew. Capt. Lawrence, of the Chesapeake, died of his wounds. The respect due to a braveenemy was shewn to his remains. The corpse was landed from the Chesapeake under a discharge of minute 'guns—the American ensign was spread as a pall over the collin, on which was placed the sword of the deceased six Captains of the Navy officiated as pall-bearers—six companies of the 64th regiment, commanded by Sir John Wardlow, preceded the corpse- he Officers of the Chesapeake followed it as mourners—the Officers of the Navy generally attended—Sir Thomas Saumarcz, the Stall", liid Officers of Ihe Garrison and the proces- sion was closed by a number of respectable inhabitants. The funeral service was per formed by the Rev. Rector of St. Paul's, and f. three vollies discharged by the troops over j his grave. Among the numerous vicissitudes offortune to which the Revolution of the Continent has g-iven rise, perhaps few are more worthy of record than that of Gen. Count Koggendorff, now elevated to the post ol Governor of Ham burgh and the following short particular, though it may be known to a few, may not be uninteresting to the generality of your read ers. —" Lrnest Count Koggendorff is by birth a Nobleinan of the Russian Empire, nephew to Count. YValslein and the well-known an.! celebrated Baron Hompesrh. He was in this country in the year 1800, immured in the Kind's Bench -p: ison for debt, where he re m liued in the most dialtessed condition till his liberation in 1802,"which, I believe was ob- tained by the general Act of Insolvency passed in that year.—Quitting this country by the help of his relations above named he repaireil to Paris, and entering the French service, pro- cured such i-eco tit itielidli lolls as subsequently introduced him to Buonaparte, by ^liom he was appointed his Aide de Camp. He is a lively, spirited young man, of small stature, and fair complexion; strong feal tired, pos sessing a proud sense ofhollour, and extremely aughty; — of the latter the following instance may suffice. At the commencement of the present war, having the command of a Iroop ai the Prussian Hussars, and in the moment of a retreat, when one of our illustrious 1) -a was in the field, and closely pressed by a French dragoon, he succeeded bv a well di- rected shot in cutting off his pursuer. This service did not pass unnoticed at the time.— But nis extravagance and taste. for dissipation, oil his at-i-ival in this country, overwhelmed him in debt. If was during his confinement the illustrious Personage in question had fre- quently administered incognito to his wants but detaining the messenger who was one day tlw bearer ofa nole for 20l. aud learning Ihc I quarter from whence it came, he indignantly I sent ii back, after writing upon the envelope which covered it—" I ama Russian Count and if the hand winch sends reiiel is Wt ng in gratitude to break my fetters, I am too proud to disgrace my Mobility by accepting alms." Substance of his Royal Highness ihe Prince Regent's Letter to the Marquis Wellington,— The letter begins with congratulations and Regent's Letter to the Marquis Wellington,— The letter begins with congratulations and thanks tor the truly brilliant and complete nctory which the gallant Marquis has receutly achieved. It acknowledges, iu very forcible language, how deeply bolh his HopI High- ness and the country are indebted for his many and most important services, and laments the inability of both to requite them by any thing like an adequate reward. lii retui-ii for the baton of a V arshai of France, which his Lord ship has sent to him, his Royal Highness sends Lord W tlie baton ofa Marshal of England, whi^ch is all thai is in his power. ThaI his Royal Highness accompanies with his most devout prayers, that the Nohle Marquis may continue in the uninterrupted enjoyment of health and I)rosz,)erity, iiii(I Ili-,if Ie iiiiy ,till reap a richer harvest of laurels, under the shade of which his Poyal Highness hopes he may long enjoy that glory which Ihe gallant Marq,iis, lizii so ti(,I)ly acquired for himseif, and which he iias so largely shed on the arms and the nnlilary character of the nation.- I he letter concludes v. lib the most marked expressions lIf personal friendship and esleem.
FflOM THE LONDON GAZETTE. Dhwving-slreet July 10, 1813. A dispatch, of which the following is an extract, has been this day received ai Earl Bathurst's Office, addressed to his Lordship, by Field- Marshal ttle, Marquls of Wellington, u.jfcd Orci vert, 26th June, 1813. THE enemy continued their retreat yesterday morning, fl'o..) the neighbourhood ot Pamplona, by the road oi RoncevaKes, into France, and have been fo lowed by our light troops. The fort of Pamplona has been invested this day. I have received a letter of the 22d, fr-m Col. Longa, stating, that he has taken six pieces of artillery, from adetachoicnt of troops under the command of. Gen. Fox, on their ;eti-cat !to France hy the high road a:'Vlondrag-oll. i- r(lstiii;, int-iiy dispatch oil the 23d I tiad de- tached Lieut,-General Sir Thomas G aharn to the left, towards Toiosa, with a view to theope- ratiens to be carried oil iu Ihat quarter. By a letter from him, of tiie £ 3th, it appears that he arrived yesterday at Toiosa, having been that he arrived yesterday at Toiosa, having been opposed in.his occupatian of that, towitf by the troops which retired under the command of Gen. Foy. He mentioned the assistance which he had received from Colonel Longa, arid from two bat talions of the army of Galliciu, which Gen.Giron- had left with hi in in hisaUack upon Toiosa. Sir John Murray had certainly landed in Cata- lonia on the 3d inst. and had taken possession of had left with hi in in hisaUack upon Toiosa. SirJohn Murray had certainly landed in Cata- lonia on the 3d inst. and had taken possession of the Col de Balaguer 011 the 7 tli, ill which post were forind seventeen pieces of cannon. Some prisoners were taken. Copy of a from Capt. Broke, to the Hon. Capt Cape!, of his Majesty's ship La Hogue, and by him transmitted to J. YV. Croker, Esq. dated at Halifax, June II, IS 13. I Shannon, Halifax. June 6, 1813. SIR—T haVe the honour to inform you, that being close in with Boston Light-House, in his Majesty's ship under my command, on the 1st mst. [ had the pleasure of seeir,»- that. Ihe Unitet.1 States frigate Chesapeake (whom we had long been watching) was coming out of the, harbour to engage the Sliaiitiotj I look a position between Cape Ann and Cape Cod, and then hove to for him to join us the enemy come down in a very, handsome manner,, having three American ensigns flying when closing with us tie sent down his royal yard, kept the Shannon's up, expecting the breeze would die away. At half-past fire, p. in. the enemy hauled up within hail of us on the starboard side, and the batile began, both ships steering full under tlie topsails after ex- changing between two and three broadside's, (he. enemy's ship fell o ooarrf of us, her mizen chan- nels locking in -with our fore-rigging, I went forward 10 ascertain her position, and ohserving that, the enemy were flinching from their guns, I gave orders to prepare for boarding. Our gallant bands appointed to that service immediately bands appointed to that service immediately rushed in, under their respective officers, upon the enemy's decks, (ii-iviiig every iiiiii- before thetnwitit irresistible fury. The enemy made a desperate, but disorderly resistance. file tiring continued at all the gangways and betwten the tops, but in two minutes tirnthe enemy were driven sword in hand from every post. The American flag was hauled down, and the proud old British Union floated triumphaur over it. III another minute rhey ceased tiring from below alld called for quarler. The whole of this service was achieved in nitecn minutes from the commencement of the action. I have to lament, the loss of many of my gal fant shipmate" but they fell exulting in their conquest. My brave First Lieutenant, Mr. Watt was slaiii in (lie iii(,jiielit f v',ctoi-Y, iii the-'act of' 0' hoisting the British colours his death is a se- vere loss o ',lie service. Mr. Aldham, the Purser, who had spiritedly volunteered the charge of a party of small-arm men, was killed at his post on the gang-way. My faithful old Clerk, Mr. Dunn, was shot by his side; Mr. Aldham has left a widow to lament his loss. I request the Com- niander-in Chief will recommend her to the pro- tection of my Lords Commissioners of the Ad- miralty. My veteran boatswain, Mr. Stephens, lias lost. an arm. He fought under Lord Rodney on the 12th April. 1 trust his age and services will be duly rewarded. I am hanpy to say, that. Mr. Samweli, a mid- shipman of much merit, is (tie only other officer wounded besides myself, and he not dangerously. Of my gallant seamen and marines wc had twenty- three slain, and lifty-six wounded. I subjoin tlje names of the former. No expressions I can make tise of (to jitstice to the iiiei-iis of tyiv vatiaiit officers alld crew, tbe cain) courage they display- ed during the cannonade, and the tremendous precision pt their fire, could only be equalled bv itie ardoal" with which they rushed ti) the assault I recommend them a Ik warmly to the protection o' the Commander in Chief. Having received a severe sabre wound at the first onset, whilst charging a party of the enemy who had rallied on their forecastle, I was only capable of giving command till assured our con- quest was complete, and then directing Second Lieut. Wall is to take charge of the Shannon, and secure the prisoners, I left ihe third Lieutenant, Mr. Falkiner (who headed the main deck board- ers) in charge of the prize. I he to recommend these officers most strongly to the Commander- in-Chiefs patronage, for the gallantry they dis. played during the action, and the skill and judg- ment they evinced in the anxious duties which afterwards devolved upon them To Mr. Enough, the acing master, I am much indebied for the steadiness in which he conn'.l the ship into action. The Lieutenants Johns and Law, of the marines, bravely boarded at the head of their respective divisions It is impossible fo particularize every brilliant deed performed by my officers and men, but I j must mention, when the ships' yard arms were locked together, that Mr. Cosnahan, yvho com- manded in our main-top, finding himself screened from the enemy by the foot of tile topsai;, laid out at the yard arm to fire, upon (hem, and shot ihree men in that situation. Mr. Smith who com- manded in our fore top, stormed the enemy's fore-top from the fore-yard ami, and destroyed ail rhe Americans rcmainin in it. I particularly beg leave to recommend Mr Etough, the acting master, and Messrs, Smith, Leake, Clavering Raymond, and Littlejohn, midshipmen. This isitit, ofri-,ei- i, a son of Captain Li!tlt-jot)n, who was slain in the Berwick- The loss of the enemy was about seventy killed, and one hundred wounded. the formet- were the four Lieutenants, a Lient, of marines, the master, and many other officers Captain II Laurence is since dead of his wounds. The enemy came inlo action with a comple ment of four hundred and forty men the Shan- non hamig picked up some recaptured seamen, had three hundred and thirty. The Chesapeake is a fine frigate, and mounts forty-nine ,guns, eighfeens on her main deck, I two and thirt les on he. quarter deck and fore- 'I castle. P :h ships came out of action in the most beautiful order, heir rigging appearing as j perfeci as i; they had only been exchanging a j salute. I liave fhe honour to be. &c. j (Signed) P. B. V. BROKE. j To Cavtvin the honourable I Bladen I Capel, fije. Halifax. j
POLITICAL SUMMARY. -< PENISCI.A.-Hy a Mail from COTunnu, we learn Shjit on Ihe 27lb 'ultimo, two days after Field-Marshal Wellington's last dispatch from Iruuzun, he was at. Qrcayeu. Meanwhile, General (I iron, who had been dispatched by his Lordship to intercept the convoy which moved from Vittoria on Ihe 20th nit. is said to have reached the French frontier nay, according to some accounts, to liave actually entered France. The cavalry under Conde de Peune and Don Julian, are within a few t, o it (i e. leagues of Bayontie. The routed French army did lIot hall in Paitipluna, hut continued their retreat towards France. with a garrison of 1200 men, is closely invested.— Some accounts represent Lord Wellington as having marched Inwards Jaca, in the direct road from Saragossa to France, to cut oil So- rbet, who, it was supposed, v.,a-. his escape by that road. An account from the xAllied Army in the East of Spain, is dated from Reuss, in Catalonia, on Tth June, and announces the surrender of Fort St. Feiippe, and Col dev Balguer, to two divisions of the British and Spanish army. This success is characterised as of great importance with a view to future operas ions. Other accounts in the Corunna Papers, though not official, add, that our army lauded in Vinaroz, though Su- chet attempted to prevent them; that Va- lencia has been evacuated, Tarragona taken, and Barcelona besieged. A letter from Cas- tile mentions Use surrender of O'Farreli.— General Graham had forced Foix's division from Toiosa on the Bayonne road, and the Gallicisn army under General Giron /was in advance howards France. Both Houses of Pariiemenf, on Wednesday tight, passed Voles of Thanks to the conque- rors of Vittoria, in sticli terms, and after such observations, as so great and important. an event excited. Enlogiums upon the transccn dant merits of the Marquis of Wellington, and his hrave associates, were delivered with an enthusiasm of feeling, which will give them an additional interest with the country—-and, as if this signal occasion had hushed all party hostility, the British Ministry received the approbation of even their political antagonists for the exertions they had made to render the British forces in the Peninsula efficient and formidable. NORTHERN WAR.—The intelligence from the North of Europe, not withstanding all that has been said of iiegociations and conventions, scarcely produces one pacific feature. The King of Prussia has issued SllUle pr()ciama tions, which state most unequivocally, the Arrnisticewas only meant as a measure to en- able the Allied.Powers-to recruit their armies, acknowledged to be-inferior to Ilw forces of their enemy. A renewal ol the war is there- fore infinitely more probable than the con- trary. The Allies have been making every effort to procure'reinforcements, and Bona- parte upon the credit of the Frcnch Papers, has not been inactive to the same effect.
ACCOUNT OF THE ROAD AI.ONG WHICH LORD WELLINGTON IS NOW MARCHING TOW AltDS THE PYRENEES. ( f rom the Military Chronicle.) From Bayonne to Madrid is 375 miles. The detailed route is as follows :-Frofti Bayonne to St. Julian de Lust 15 miles-thence to the baJks of the Ridasoa (the river which separates France from Spain, aud Biscay from the Pyrenees) 15; thence to Hei nani 6; thence to Tolosa 22 thence to Vergara 12; thence to Mondra^onS; thence to Vittoria 20; thence to Miranda de Ebro 20; thence to Bribiesca 20; thence to Mo nasterio 9 thence to Burgos 15; thence to Ce- lada 16; thence to Veuta del Moral 16; thence to Torrequcmada 16 thence to Duenas8 tterce 10 Oabezon 16; thence to Valiadolid3; thence to (he bridge of the Duero 5 thence to Olaiedo 16; thence to Martin •VluncsSl2; thence to Fis- pinar 20; thence to Puerto di Guadarrama 20; thence to the village of Guadarrama 8 thence to Rosas l'i; thence to Madrid 16-Total from Bayitnne to Madrid 375 bullish miles. The road on leaving Bayonne, and for twelve miles forwards, is through a rough aud rugged country, the-roots of the Pyrenees, 'I his kind of road conducts to St. Juan de Luz, a smalt town On leaving it, you shorily t_if coming t'rotit France) reach a small arm oi the sea, which runs in a kind 01 cleft of the country. This is passed by a bridge On the fa, ther sioes of it are the suburbs of Sihourne, and a little onward the town of Orogne. Four miles further you reach the river Bidasoa, and crossing1 it find yourself out of f ranee, and in lie Spanish province of Biscay The traveller next reaches the town of Irun, which is and ill built, and about two miles from the Bidasoa. The next townisHer- nani, a considerable town, surrounded by moun- tains, separated from each oi her by narrow but verdant valley s. These are watered by a small river, which by reason of its serpennne wind- ings the traveller frequently meets again as he approaches Vittoria, There are some handsome thoue;h small stone bridges over it. Tht road is very strong for a retreating army. Fverj mile almost presents a position of great de.-nsive stiength. I Ftom Herman! to Toiosa is 22 miles. Oa le^viujj- Herman/, the road for twelve miles is ove. hilts, aler which they separate as it were, I so as to iorm a sheltered and t)ea-t" .11 valle).- The eyes ol fhe traveller are here delighted by an infinite variety of pleasing objects every I farm house and coitasre is signaled in a patch of I trees, and the clear all" frt -h whiteness of their walls, forms a most pleasing contrast ¡ 0 ihe ver- dure of the trees and fields Hills rising above one another,- present an amphitheatre, n here cul- 11 vat ion seeuis extended to ihe veiy summi's of the forests. Sometimes the traveller discovers a lit'U* villagi near to which is a magnificent ouudmg gifting -its lurreMed and asrelirKert head from amidsi the embosoming trees. The parish church :s usually beautifully situated, and is ai- most always an antient Gothic building. This scenery is improved by a number of wild rivu- lets descending from the rocks and nills, and on the banks ot' which are situated those kind of I mills,.froIÜ.,ltirh JOB wOlJld expec' to see ueat beautiful girls, resembling the heroines in he 'ales of Don Quixotte. Cue of the streams meanders most romantically through ihe vallay of Toiosa. Toiosa is the antient l urlssa; it is a sÚJall and, very handsome town, siiuaied in a pleasant valley, upon > tie two rive:" Oria and Aiaxes, the latter of which you cross by a bealltiful bridge, defended by u tower. This town was founded hy Alphonso the Wise of Castile, and was compleaily peopled ill 1391, by Sancho the Brave, It has a parish church, and :wo re- spectable convents, and a marke: every Saturday. The streets are very well paved, and art ligli e(I at The field; in its adjacency are very fertile producing wheal, maize, and chesnnts. from Toiosa to Vergara, the next stage, is 12 Fnglish miles. The road through the great highway from France to Madrid is through the most lovely fields imaginable, resembling the cross roads in Kent, or Devonshire. The road passes through the small but active town of Ale- gria, and thence to ViHa Franca and VlIa Real, two hamlets. ft next ascends a mountain, tbel1 descends iI, and in a short way reaches Vergara. Vergara is a siiiall but brisk town, celthrafed, before the war, 'for some excellent schools, which the patriotic Society for National Improvement had established there. These schools appear to have been of a very respectable nature, from the following list of what was taught, in them, viz. reading, writing, the Latin grammar, arithmetic, the belles letfres, mathematics, drawing, music, and dancing. From Vergara to Vittoria is 28 miles, and the number of habitations, whether villages or coun- try houses, which almost touch one another, make the road fro:n Vergara to Vittoria resem- ble a long street, fhe beauty of this grand road, the charming view of the Zadorra, which mean- ders in the valley, and the windings of which arc continually presenting themselves to the eye of the traveller, form a charming prospect. But it is rendered still more delightful by the appear- ance of easy circumstances in tlie villager*, and by meeting a great degree of cleanliness in the inns. The road thus passes to the village of Mondragon, thence to the foot of the mountain Saleras, which it ascends for some iength,and thence descends into lower ground. The whole country is admirably strong in I)i)si I iot)s fos, a military retreat. The mountains gradually he- come lower, and the features of the country sof- ten as the road approaches Vittoria. Vittoria is one of the most lovely towns in Spain. It is situated partly upon the declivity I of a hill, and partly at the end of a beautiful valley, which is interspersed with villages, and where are seen the mountains in perspective. It is divided into the new and old town, aud is sur- rounded by a double row or wal-is, which are now strongly fortified. The streets, of which there • are many, are broad; they are planted with trees, and watered by streams and various foun- tains. There is a public square, moreover, sur- rounded by a piazza, like that of Covenf Gar- illn, only iiiore handsome. The church is a cathedral, and there are* the tisual iiuliibet- of monasteries and nunneries. The Royal Asylum is one of the public buildings, which will chiefiy attract travellers; It is a free-school, in which are an hundred and fifty boarders used to be edu- cated in reading, writing, and the Christian ca- techism, at the public ex pence. The public pro- menades likewise deserve notice. The people are. or rather were, industrious and active, and there was every where an air of animation, cheer- fulness and content, because industry and labor were sure of encouragement and employment,— The town has three annual festivals at fixed periods in every yeai--one for all I be young no. married men, the other for all young maidens, and the third for husbands and wives- This is a trace and a; relic of antieni simplicity. From Vittoria to Miranda de Ebro is 20 miles. On leaving Vittoria, the road crosses the river Ari- zaca over a stone bridge, and enters up" a plain 16 miles in length and 10 in breadth. This piaiu is cheerful, well, extremely fertile, full of frees, and very populous. Ihere are three hundred villages and hamlets in it,-at least so iris said. The road goe* through it i ti its The traveller passes through the lit- tie towns of La Pucbla.and Armmon. The road frequently pasing by the river side, which is planted with trees. You thence ascend a hill, and descend into a very straight handsome road, raised like a causeway, which continues fouj miles, when it brings you to Miranda de Etiro, Miranda de Ehro is a considerable town, beauti- fully situated on the Ebro, over which it has a noble bridge of eight arches. The town contains altrge sqlare, which is embellished with foun- tains. It is surrounded on all shies, hut thai of the river, by mountains, upon whose brow are the remains of an antient castle, and the ruins of several towers, which once adorned and de- fended it. It is a very strong place, and one of the keys of the libra,