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To the Editor ,)f the North…

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ON NM O \K.

AGRICULTURE.

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AGRICULTURE. The air is generally moist, and (lie weather rainy. The southerly and westerly winds which are the most frequent, are almost con- stantly attended with rain It IS remarked hy the inhabitants that (he seasons are still he- coming tnore and more rainy. For a few years past, even the winters have been attend- ed with rain instead ot the usual snow and frost. The lagt summer and harvest were much more rainy than any remembered.— These rains make Ihe grain crops precarious, and of little value, though (hey have for some tillie a Agricultural improvement is backward in the extreme. The larnis are almost clltireiv under a constant snccession of corn crops, barlev and oats al- lernateJy. loa person unacquainted with the circu ostances of the country, thisstale- tnetit appear unaccountable lit- vvill look uU the illilabitaLiLi; as labouring under ubsti. nate PTéjodire9, or stupidly in capable of learn. ilg the beneficial system of others; but to neither of these causes is it to beattril)titcd I. The proprietors do not appear to have looked on the introduction of (he modern sys- iem of farming as an object adequate to (what they conceived) the unpleasant necessity of g-ranling- long leases, to the tax on Iheir pro perties of an increased melioration as well as t he inducement which tl'ey would probably require to hold out tu improving lellanls in a diminsiiion of the rent. No man of Ihis de- scription can commence his operations on a proper srale wilhout a capital equal to at leas! five years rent. for reasons obvious to every person in any measure acquainted with husbandry; and no man, who is in possession of capital (o this extent, will be induced to take a farm, unless he can have the prospect of a comfortable maintenance,and full meliora tion for his expenditure in buikhng and illl provements,aud these circumstances have con- tributed to that backwardness in agricultural improvements, too evident in this the neighbouring parishes. Before any persons can he induced to deviate from essabi siied practice, they must have access (o observe Ihe superior advantage of a new systeii) they must have the prospect of reaping the fruits of that system by long leases, and aiso a suf ficient stock to enable (hem to persevere un til their farws are brought to proper h,-art.- The farmers of this parish have never had the advantage of the first of these. It is If lie Ihe proprietors have occasionally introduced the improvements of modern husbandry, but from the efloris of proprietors as examples. lile peasanlr) never will act These generally improve more for pleasure than profit. If fond of a country life, their expenditure in hedging, inclosing-, trenching', with a thousand et cwteras, is endless. The first crop, of lit- tle more Ihall half an act. has been known to cost the improving proprietor above twen- ty pounds. How can a poor knant imitate tins? lie will laugh at what he considers I he enthusiasm that le;7ds to it, and if will rivet his prejudices against improvement. Au intelligent actual farmer, whose bread depends upon his industry, and who is lillle i removed from their own sphere in life, is ihe | man who will most essentially conlribule to [ introduce an alteration of system and a spirit of improvement into any district. His neigh- bours will ohsene, and are, iii very few III- stances, so blind to their interest, as if able, not lo imdate bis exertions. How can thai man embark in any plan for ameliorating his farm, who kuowsthat he only hangs out a bait tor ihe grasp of avarice, and Ihal ingenuity and industry tend only So ruin ¡dill? it may be said wilh justice (hat the farmers in tiie Principality are in general, very pour so much so, that although leases should he granted, it would take some considerable lime hetore they could possibly adopt an im- proved system of husbandry. What will a tlieot-isi iii system of husbandry as easily followed as another ? !)• es not tiie modern sy stem require fewer servants and less seed; and does >t not yield more luxuriant crops? Let not the g-e- nerous heart load the tenants wilh invective;, or Ireat them wllh severity, for thinking once and again oefore they enter oil measures w hich however, sensible they lIIayac of their good elT. cfs, when persevered in, may eventually ;/r,>ve iheir rum. To ihe benevolent mind, the contrary, it will afford pleasure gradu ally to lay open to Iheir view, what mat be most conducive Ie their benefit, to stimulate their exertions by suitable encouragement, and to see them contented and happy in the possession of those comforts which are suited to ttieir sphere in life. To this mode of con duct, it is t<» he hoped, that the farmers in ihis parish, may have the comfort of looking for- LAandegiarit CIILIIICUS.

----." . ON COFFEE.

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