Hide Articles List

2 articles on this Page




FROM THE LONDON GAZETTE, Fareign-Ojjice, May 25. A dispatch, of which the following is a copy, has been received by Viscount Castlereagh, his Majesty's Principal Secretary of State lor Fo- reign Affairs, from Gen. Viscount Cat heart, K. T. his Majesty's Ambassador Extraordi- nary and Plenipotentiary to the Court of Russia, dated Dresden, May, 6. My LORD,-My last dispalches in I or used your Iordllil) of the airival of the Ruler of France, and of the concent ral "011 of his forces near [Irfkirth, and towards the Saale, as also of that ot the Allies upon the Elster. ) have now the honor of inclosing herewith the official statements which have been pub- lished by the Russian and Prussian Govern* ment, of the general action which took place on the 2d inst. between the two armies; and after which the Allies rem lined in possession of the field of battle, and of the posiliousfroin which, in the course ot the day, tliel dislodged the enemy. The last division of Gen. TorinasofF's corps having crossed the Elbe on the 28 li ultimo, the whole of it -moved forward by forced marches to the Klster. His Imperial Majesty and the King of Prussia arrived at Boriik oil the morning of the 1st inst. with the reserve < and the several parh of the army were oil the sanic day collected in the vicinage of that place. Marshal Prince KutusofTSmolensko was left ill on the march at Buntzlau, where he died but his death was not published. Count Witt- genstein, atihat time at Zwelikau, was ap. pointed to command the army. lie had on that day reconnoitred the enemy, and ascertained his position, and the same evening, a disposition was made tor a geiitral attack, to take place ou the following mora* 109 at day-break. During the preceding week, the adduce of the enemy's main army towards Naunburg, and the approach of Beauharuois trom Qued- linbiirg, had been indicated by several skir- mishes and partial affairs, particularly at or near Halle and Merseburg, where the Priia. sians behaved with great gallantry. O11 the evening of the 1st, the enemy ap- peared to haegreat masses of his forces he- tween Lutzcn aud WeissenteU, aud after dusk, a strong column was seen moving in the direc. lion of Leipsic, to which place there wasclear evidence tint he intended to move The advanced corps of Count Witfgenstein's army having been-engaged on the same even- ing, to the east and north of Lulgeu, the ca- valry having remained there, to amuse the enemy in the mornillg, bul with orders to re- tire^radualiy. Mean w hile the several columns of the army were ordered to cross the Risler at Pegau, and hear down, and follow the course of a rivulet, which, rising near the Elster, runs in a north-west direction to the Saale, by which movement, which the ground favoured, it was intended to turn the enemy's right between Weisseufels and Lulzen, while hisattention was directed to his left between the tatter place and Leipsic. As soon as their Majesties saw the troops placed according to the disposition, the whole was put in motion towards the enemy. The country is uncovered and open, the soil dry and lighl. but with very considerable variety of fill] Illtl valley, and much intersect, ed by hollow ways and luill-slreams, the for. mer not discernible till closely approached. The enemy, placed behind a long nù¡;t>, and in a string of villages, of which Gorsclieu :11 the principal, Willi a holl(lw way in front and a steam sufficient to float timber oil the left, waited the near approach of the aliu s He had an immense (ijuitlity of orJmnre, of 12-pouuders, and largernaloires, dinlril)tilt*d throughout the line, and in the villages the batteries in the open couii, ry were supported by masses of infantry in solid squares. The plan of uperalioll determined upon, on view of the enemy, was to atlack the village of Gros Gorcheit with artillery and infantry, and in the meanwhile to pierce the linelo tne enemy's right 01 the villages, witn a strong Column of cavalry, in order to cut utf tbe troops in the villages fro-iii support. The remainder of the enemy's line was to be engaged according to circumstances, by the corps opposed to it. The cavalry of the Prussian reserve, to whose lot thill attack fell, presented themselves aild supported their movements with great gallantry, but the showers of grape shot and "iiusketrv, to which they were exposed on r aching the hollow wav, made it impractica- ble tor them to penetrate and the enemy appearing determined to maintain the villages i. ally expence, the affair assumed the most xpensive character of attack and defeure, of a post repeatedly taken, lost, and re-taken. The cavalry iiiadt, Several attempts to br ak. Ihe enemy's line, and behaved with the most exemplary coolaess aud regularity under a