For the North Wales Gazette. NUMBER 11. The author of an attempt to.prove the pu riousness of Gildas, takes it for granted thai the Roman Catholics were as early as the sixth century so bent upon the annihilation of the British Church as to take every oppor- tunity of vilifying their history, and destroy y t, I y tng or interpolating their records, in order to advance the papal power. This is the touch- stone upon which tif- t-stiniates the validit of all traditionary writings, and upon white hegroimds hisobjectious to the Genui ieneof Gildns. Accordingly he commences hi* at- I el tack by observing that throughout the whole of Gildas there is an evident enmity againsi Britain, and partiality to every thing Roman." This partiality, he continues, is not oniy ge nerally but, marked by decisive ex- pressions: hence the brave Ambrosius is said to be of Romali extraction, and the battle of Badon Hill intentionally omitted m the histo- ry Ha d the author given Gildas an attentive perusal, he must have observed that the bat- tIt: of Badon Hill is expressly mentioned in the 26th chapter, though he dues not enter into a particular detail of it, as being fresh in the memories of his country tneu. The character given to Ambrosius, is, as 1 shall hereafter shew, agreeable to the concurrent testimony of Historians, by which it appears that he was a Roman by descent, and therefore no suspi- cion can reasonably be attached to him of hi vouring the Romish Church for stating this in his history. The parliality for Rmne and enmity against Britain which the Author pre- tends to have discovered in these writings is nothing more than a just representation of the state of the country, and of the culpable neg led of the natives in consulting1 their own se- curity. Gildas informs us that Britain be- came subject to Rome without making a very strenuous opposition. How far he is correct iu this instance it is unnecessary at present to decide. He justly reprobates the treachery of his countrymen when under the protection of Rome, as the whole Island was completely Homauized, alld the natives incapable of de- fending themselves without the aid of the Ro- ftiait Legions. This was fully verified in the event of their departure from it, and the ca lamitous period which ensued: in which Gil das accuses his countrymen of being more prone to civil contentions among themselves, than prompt in repelling their invaders." It is natural to suppose from the state of the times, that the Britons had cause to lament the departure of the Komans, and were very d- sirous of their return. We are accordingly informed that supplicating letters were repeat- edly sent to solicit their assistance, till the distracted state of the Roman empire render- ed them unable to afford any further rclicf.- These are undoubtedly the grounds upon which Gildas expresses a partiality for the Romans, and accuses his countrymen of want of spirit and unanimity, which the au thor.byamostcompietcperverstonorthe sense, has interpreted into expressions of the foulest malignity against the British Church, and au insidious attempt foestablish the Pope's supremacy. Hence lie proceeds to observe that throughout the whole of it, there is a decisive labouring to create an opinion that Britain ought to depend upon, and be subject to Rome in Ecclesiastical matters, and to encourage the Saxons, by giving them a false idea of the Britons as incapable of re- sistance." The words of Giltias are so decidedly repug nant to such views, that not one single passage can by the most forced construction be inter- preted as having the most distant reference to Ihe Bishop of Rortie, or any Ecclesiastical jurisdiction. The History, as I shall endea- vour to shew, is drawn up with the greatest accuracy, and possesses a very considerable share of merit, and the Epistle contains the effusions of a warm advocate for Christianity, agonized at the unhappy state of hiscoun try. They have been pronounced spurious because they are supposed to favour the pre tensions of the See of Home. The author eellls to have a most unaccountable antipa- thy to every thing belonging to llotne. This prejudice so predominates in his opinions, and pervades his rf-iiiirkm Gildas so entirely, as to make him confound the Roman Govern- ment with the Church of Rome, and to dis- cover, wherever the word Roman occurs, some designing allusion to the peculiar doctrines of that Church. Now had these writings been really forgeries, and contrived for the pllr poses just mentioned, the principles of IheRo- mish Church would be strongly marked in >hem, and less pains bestowed on the Histo- ric narrative. The tendency of them would be obvious to persons of no great discernment nor is it possible that the author of such a forgery could have concealed his motives so artfully, as to escape detection, and make it pass for real History, during so many centu- ries, till the penetrating genius of a modern writer discovered in them the foulest malig- ity, and motives of the most unprincipled imposition." Such is the light in which the valuable productions of Gildas are now repre- sented, and, painful as the task appears to have been, the whole forgery developed. Bangor. J. J.
TIDE TABLE FOR THE ENSUING WEEK. "JL a £ « o -'S «' 8AMU,. ° <* a £ < <s ° — » fe M WW-S'Ofa^-Ml c.H B «5 Bc0& £ >. O g- Maybe crossed^ «* £ £ 22 S « hours after high < t « 2 « 2 < water, and conti* Wea^ o o a po nue safe & hours, I Holidays ua*s' Water | Water Water Water Water Wattr y May! H. M. H. M. H. M. H. M.IH. M. H. M. Thursday 20 10 42 11 42 1*2 22 1 12 I 32 2 22 Friday, 21 11 30 12 30 1 10 2 0 2 20 3 12 Saturday 22 12 18 1 18 1 59 2 48 I 3 8 3 8 5thS.af.Ea»ter. Sunday 23 1 6 2 6 2 46 3 36 3 56 4 46 Monday 24 1 54 2 54 3 34 4 24 4 44 5 34 Tuesday.. 25 2 42 3 42 4 22 5 12 5 32 6 22 Wednesday.26 | 3 30 j 4 30 5 10 6 0 6 20 7 12
POETRY. We here present our readers with the original Ad- d, ■ess, spoken by M Ft. HOPE on the night of his I B s/itfl, at the theatre, Carnarvon, and written 1 for tfit occasion as we arc informed) by an Irish Gentleman in that town, When girfhic niaihl perva-'etl half The earth, Kor spar'd 'hat clime which gave the Muses hirth, When bigot-zeai and ignorance, conibin'd To crush those arts which civilize mankind, And learning sunk beneaib her ba.b'rous foes, The sun of science on this lapid arose. Chas'd far from Greece by that Vannalic rage, Which spoil'd their Temples aud destroy'd the slae, lIaH-:iro^n'd in sorrow, and half-dead with fear, The Muses found a refuge hei-c In Camb,ian vales renew'd their wonted strains, And soon (orgjot their old Arcadian plains. Here wiili fresh wreaths, their brows immortal bound, TSTew-ifvung their lyres, and taught your harp to sound With lajs divine, thro' every holy glade, And Snoxdon's top a new Parnassus made. Hence sprung those Bards, whose magic lays could move The soul fa phrenzy-an,t then,—soothe to love, Awake heroic, thoughts, which might not shame, The ancient Britons, or the Roman name, Or in each Cambro-Bri ish breast inspire The emulation of some glorious sire, Sing how the beauieous lioaditea, warm'd Wfh fed like ardour, for the batlle arm'f!, Itush'd wiih her steeds and chariot to the fight, "Like some bright iiieie,-r flashing Inro' the night, And with her blooming daugh'ers by her side, Marshalfd her troops—then fought—and bled— and died. Or else of great Caractacus relate The rigid virtues and the. ruthless fate, Tell how his glories when a captive led, Loaded with chains, so bright a lustre shed, As Roman foes wuh iiiii) i i-at ioii own, JEclijis'd Imperial Claudius on his throne. Down f om these times thro' each successive age, Your bards, your heroes croud th' historic page, Is or racks, nor chains, nor Edward's murd'rous aim, Could ever repress their patriotic flame F-eri eiv it glow'ii 111m' tyranny's fell gloom, As sainted spirits mock the envious tomb, And stili must Angels o'er that land preside, Where Taliesin sung and brave Llewellin died. But hold-did not some latent, cause, conspire With magic Barris to fan this noble fire ? Yes !-that which gives all patriot passion scope, And is confess'd, my own fair name sake— Hope; Hope, lint oray inmate of the human breast, Hope, he sole good, with which we'le always blest, flope whose bright ravs fruition's far outshine, Sourceful ofhliss bo:h human and divin The choicest gift which heaven to earta did send, Our earliest joy and still our latest friend. Then oh protect and cherish still that name, Which chears thro' life and is in death the same, Points to those i-ealiiis where pleasure knows no end, Alike the wretch's and the monarch's friend. And if pale grief, or lore's more gentle tear, Dim the bright eye of one kind patron here, Tho' sorrows cloud o'er hung this morning's light, Encourage Hope, and you may laugh to night. £.
To the Editor of the North Wales Gazette, SIR, The great Lord Bacon says,—'» History is of three kinds ;—the first we call ( hronicles— the second /Aves— the third Narrations. But Lives, if they be well written, propounding to themselves a person to represent, in whom actions, both greater and smaller. public and private, have a commixture, and must of tie «essiij contain a more true, native, and lively represeiital ion I shallluake no other apology for troubling you with some further Biografi- at Extracts, 10 be inserted in the North Wales (hzeile-l shall begin with the Life of a Cam- brian who was an ornament to his country. THE REV. DAVID LLOYD. He was the author of the btate ii orthies, 2 vols. oct. republished by Sir Charles fVhit wn th. He was the son of Hugh Lloyd, was born at Pant Mawr, in the Parish of Traws- fynydd, in Merionethshire, on the 28th sept. 1635, educated at Ruthin, in Denbighshire, became il Slrvllor of Orel College, m 1652. at which time and after he pertormed the office of Janitor of thesaid College, look one decree in Arts, and by the favour of the Warden So- ciety of Merton College, became Rector of a smalllown called lbston, near Wallin; toti, in the diocese ot Oxon. in the beginning of May, 1658. h the next year he proceeded in Arts, but keeping Ibslon not long, he went to Lon- don, and became reader of the Charter-house under (Jr. Tim. Thurcross. Afterwards he retired to Wales,and become Chaplain to Dr. Isaac Barron, Bishop of St. Asaph, who be sides several preferments in that Diocese, gave him a Cauonry III the said Church, m which he was instituted 26th August, 1670 011 the 14 August, 1671, he was made Vicar ot Abergele, and on the same day, as is sup posed, prehend of Vaynol, in the said Church of St. Asaph, at which time he resigned his Canonry to Mr. Richard Tur! ridge. He, at terwards,exchanged Aliergele for the Vicarage oi Norihop in Flimshire, where selling, he taught the Free school, and continued there till towards his latter end. finding his health decay about haIr a year before he died, he r" tired t" the place of his nativity, and expired the 16,11 Feb. 1691. The Mate Worthies,(saysSir C. Whitwortli,) is a work wrote i;i a short, concise, nervous stile, with an agieeahie and lively humour and however truly adapted the char.-clers may be to he persons they are designed for, Iliel certainly present pictures of human life, and upon that account will deservethereadiugof all persons, who wish loedify by books. lure gard to the pari I have taken, it is no other wise than translating the Latin sentences, of whicn it abounds, as was the fashion of those times; alld lips for the sake of the Ladies, who will, I dare say, find their tune weli bestowed in the perusal. But the greatest in- ducement to represent it, was, the desire of a lady of distinction, whose taste and judg irietit are sufficiently known by those who art go happy as to he admitted to her conversa tion and as 1 had the honour of being com- missioned by her to buy the book, I found il so scarce, thai I thought I could give the puh lie more satisfaction, by being the mea", (Ii IU a lung il In doe universally dispersed, by a new edition; particularly as I had the satis- faction to hear a most ingenious and lievereud Prelate, and a Layman of goreat taste and dis. unction, commend the work, as containing useful anecdotes, and observations not to be found elsewhere; and in the elegant compi- lations of Mr. Walpole, Wood's Athens Oxo niens'rs, and the ttiogiaphia Brilannica, are numberless references and extracts, which give great credit and authenticity to our au thor, to illustrate the characters the more,— I wish it may have the effect of making men more in love with their own country, and the history of it. and better acquainted with themselves for among the variety every per sou may see something that may be of service to him—The purchasers may be assured of every syllable being the same as in the old edition, since changing the expression often changes the thought, and I was willing to lei it stand on its own legs, sensible of my ina oility to give it any support," Vale Clwyd. T. R.
EXTRACTS FROM THE HISTORY OF FRANCE. No nation ever made a more noble strug- gtefor recovering liberty of conscience out oi the rapacious hands of the Papal priesthood than the French. The edict of Nantz which was called perpetual and irrevocable, and which contained Ninety two articles, besides sixty-six secret articles, granted to the Pro- testants liberty of conscience, and the free ex ercise or Religion, And one may venture to I defy the most sanguine friend to intolerance y to prove, that a free toleration hath, in any country produced at any period, such calami- ties in society as those, which persecut ion pro- duced in France. After a million of brave men had been destroyed, after nine years civil ars, after four pitched battles, after the be ieging of several hundred places, after more i an three lillndrcd engagements, after poi- soning, burning, assassinating, raassacreing, tirde,-ti), in every form, France WilS forced to submit to wiiat her wise counfellor d L'Huspttal had at first proposed—H free to leration. At the close ot the reign of Lewis Xlii. the affairs of the Protestants waxed every day worse and worse; and though n> !his reign, the Protestants had increased then numbers, computed to exceed two million1!, they had losl their power. Lewis XIV though ay confirmed tin; edict otNanlz, he was a per teel tool to the Jesuits, followed the advice ot C ardinal Mazarine, ot his confessors, and oi the clergy about him, and its sooii as li, fook the management of affairs into is own aiid, 1661, It iliade a tirtii i-esoltitioi, to dt- slroy the Protestants, ft is easy to Si*e thai all the Popish clergy of France were creatures lo (f,e Court, tor the King had thenom nation ot eighteen Archbishops, a hundred ar.d sunt- Bishops*, and Icveii hundred and tilly Abbotts, and as these dignitaries governed the inferior clergy, it is ea-ty to see that all the Popish clergy of France were creatures of the court The Protestant clergy published unanswerable arguments for their non-conformity, which "I the clergy of France could not answer. The Bishops, however, answered the Protes- tants all at once, by procuring all edict which forbade them to print. The Jesuits, of whom we have been speaking, maybe said to be the very essence uf blood thirsty Papists. Tins dangerous society was first formed in 1534, by Ignatius Loyola, a Spanish deserter, who being frighted out of the army hya wound, took if info his head to go a pilgrimage, and to form i religious society for the support of the Ca- tholic faith. The Popes, who knew how lo availlhemsehes of enthusiasm in church go- vernment, directed tlvsgrant)spring ot human action to secular purposes, and by canonizing the founder, and arranging tJie order, elevated the society to a height tilat astonished all }"'IlI'Ope. It was Ihe opllJicn of this society, that the authority of Kings is inferior to that oftllC people, and that they may be punished hy the people in certain cases, and that sove- reign Prinres have received from the hand of God a sword to punish heretics. In confor miiy to these principles, two Kings of France had been murdered successively, under pre. tence that they had been favourers of heretics. Amongst the prohibitions, privations, and cruelties which the Pro test an Is suffered in the reign of Lewis XiV. tuese bloody butchers I invented a thousand IcrmenU to tire the pa lience of Protestants, and force them lo au abjuration from their religion. t a-it some into fires, and took them (n" when they I were half roasted. The banged others with I ropes under their arm-pits,and plunged them into wells till Ihey renounced their religion. They tied them iiiie cr" oil the rack, and poured wine into them, till they consented to turn PapIsts They slashed some with kiiives. toot, others by ilic itose with red hot tongs,and led them till they proposed to turn Papists, These cruel proceedings made eight hundred thousand persons, quit the kingdom Such, would be the treatment of Prolesiants, if Popery was again to rear its head in these realms and it behoves every Heprescnlative ot hi Pi'oles!a?ii people, to strain every nerve to counteract the deep machinations of the al lhis liate and not suffer themselves to be beguiled or trepanned, by their false assurances and declarations; or even to sup- pose that they can he bound, by any oaths, to act contrary to Ihe sentiments of their infal- lible Pope, A FRIEND TO TOLERATION. Flilli, JJay litll, 1813.
MODE OF PREVENTING THE FLY IN TUR MPS. A method of preserving Turnips, and Swedish Turnips, from the Fly, as practised by the Earl of Thanet, during several years, in Kent, wiih the greatest Siicccss and also confirmed in the experiments of Thomas Greg, Esq. of Here- fordshire; communicated hy that Gentleman to the Board of Agriculture, and n6w published by their order. Immediately preceding the appearance of the young plants, heaps of fresh burnt un. packed Lime are disposed conveniently on the borders of the field, ill order to be strewed over the crop by hand, from buckets, or bask ets, directly alter slacking but the Lime not lo be slacked till Ihe men are ready in the field lo sow it which is done early in the tvorning, as soon as the young plants appear aboveground;the lime IS sown by hand, and it is useful for the men to secure their eyes by pieces of crape the operation cannot go on in rain or in a high wind but it is suspected that at such moments the weather is an impe- diment to the ravages of the Fly. When Turnips are drilled in the Northum- berland manner, in equi-dislant rows, at twenty-seven inches, six bushels of Lime are sufficient for an acre but a broad-cast crop will, of course, demand a proporiionably greater quantity if rain happens to fall soon after sowing the Lime, it is, advisable 10 re- peat the operation. li-I the practice of the Earl ofThanet, during three years, on a large. scale, he never lost any Turnips or Swedes, except half an acre, left without liming, as an experiment; and Mr. Gre, big met with equal 11 iiii equii success, losing no part of his crops, except where the Lime was purposely omitted to prove the efficacy ot the method. But it me- rits observation, that the whole process must receive an exact attention for if the Lime be not ready at the right time, slacked at the right moment, and sown the first morning after the appeiirance ot 'be plants, this remedy may fail which, has been the case on certain occasions, when, to save trouble and labour, the application bas been delayed, in onjer to he I dress the plants of the sowings of two or three days at once. Mr. Greg at preseut applies the Lime to rows, by means of a hopper and drill-delivery, and he has also a contrivance for scattering it over broad-cast crops; the latter is the more difficult operation, but any ingenious mechanic is equal to the production of very cheap machines, for executing either operation, in case such metlltd are preferred to the common one of sowing by hand. A more detailed account of the experiments of the Earl of Thanet, and of Mr Greg, with several interesting observations on the great importance of the Swedish Turnip, in the support and fattening of Live Stock, is pro- ",iClI in tilt' 'j'ih volume of the communica tions to the Board of Agriculture.
AGRICULTURE. One grand desideratum in agriculture in the early parts oi this island, is to raise two crops in the year. This is known to be the happy economy of the southern parts of China; and skiltu! and itidtisirioij4 gardeners follow the ac ce wiih success in this climate. In plact.8 in England they raise cole or tur- nip nmoiig Ihs stubble, to be eaten off by cat- th but it is feared ti-is practice may eiuoi!- foulness from seeds of weeds; and the more correct way would be perhaps as in i hma, <" 'fI' IIw stubble, and to plough the round instantly after the crop is cut, ut\d sow the colt- or turn!!) oil the ploughed land The substituting ot two ^reen crops has d -ne a great deal to abolish the so frequent use of fallows; aud Mr Coke, of Norfolk, no | doubi by copying the practice of the Chinese, I « hose best lands are understood to be cnltiva- | 'ed to more advantage than any other fit the world, has introduced drilling and hand hoe- I iii- all his com crops, by which the id • antage of saving nearly the bait of ordinary seed and j saving fallow, has been to a great degree ob- j tamed. I It may be suggested that instead of drilling j com crops, which from their nature, are not | much benefited by s"ch openings, as they j sipread little, a greater variety of green crops ss ou d be introduced (tile Greeks had about a dozen of green crops) and that Ihese should be uniformly drilled and horse-ho. d; by which i It is believed, naked summer fallows could i never be requisite, but as extraordinary re- medies, I T<> improve rich aud fertile districts with a I favourable soil and chinale, and in the neigh- hourhood of good markets, is attended w ith little d fficultv hul If bring hilly districts, in • a r< moi part of the kingdom to a state of profitable production, is a very difficult at j tempt. A variety of obstacles must in that case be surmounted, arising from soil, climate, I and distance from rnarket, bad roads, and a | number of other discouragements, which no- thing but zeal and industry can possibly ena- j ble a landlord to overcome. Of all the means of bringing a mountainous j district to a profitable slate, none is so pecu- liarly well calculated for lhat purpose as the I rearing a valuable breed of sheep a small proportion alone of such a description of I country, can be fit for grain and in regard to I cattle, for every pound of beef ihat can be I produced in a hilly district, three pounds of mutton can be obtained, and there istiienool into the bargain besides wool is an article f -easily transported, of essential tise., for which there is in genera I a regular demand, and which is capable of greal improvement. Sheep also generally sell with less variation of price than cattle, and are easily driven to market. It is scarcely unnecessary to state how es- sential commerce is for the prosperity and s improvement of any country, were it only for the purpose of providing a market for the surplus productions ot agriculture. Had the farmer only to supply his own family with food, his operation, would soon become laii- guid but when he can dispose of any sur. plus, either to be consumed at home or ex- ported abroad, and nr exchange can obtain the various articles for which he may have occasion, his industry necessarily increases, his energy and activity double, he accumu- lates worth or capital, and is thus enabled to extend his sphere of ctilti%,alit)ii-to iinl)rove ¡ his stock—the grain and other articles he sows—Ihe instruments of husbandry he uses, &c &c. Thus the intercourse and commerce that take place between the farmer and those who follow other occupations, tend to their mutual comfort and prosperity. Thence it ig a most unfortunate circumstance for any dis- trict, if it does not enjoy the advantages of domestic, and even of foreign commerce. The advantages we in common with our neighbours labour under from the want of good cross roads, are very great. Improve ments to any considerable extent, can neve be carried on while these are wanting, and the means, of improvement which the country it- self possesses are locked upfront use. The cottages, and most of the farm houses are in very bad order. Another disadvantage arises from the frosts in spring, and the early part of harvest, to which the country is sometimes exposed, and which prove chiefly hurtful to the potatoes and pease. What a blessing it is to the country, when proprietors of land, instead of debauching their neighbours by examples of intemperance, set them patterns of activity and honest in- dustry I How is the blessing enhanced, when, by their example, the people under them are led to fear God, and to reverence his sanctu ary The neglect of this seldom fails to ruin the morals of the people, and to destroy their industry. The soil though not very fertile or rich, might with proper management be made to produce more plentiful crops. But the gene ral run 01 farmers are so prejudiced in favour of old customs, and indeed not run, li inclined to industry, th; t they will not easily be pre- vailed on to cha ige them for the better; es. pecially if the alteration or amendment pro, posed be attended with expence. Therefore, with respect to improvement in agriculture, they are still much in the same state as they IL were 20 or 30 years ago. Ploughs on a new and improved model, that in comparison to the advantages denved from them, might be had at a moderate expence, have lateiy been introduced into several districts around, where their good effects are manifest, in improving the crops, and diminishing the labour of man and beast; but few only have yel used them. The-people in general are of the middle size. in a tolerable degree they enjoy the, comforts of life. Their dress, diet, and lodging, how ever, stand still m need of improvement. It is the general opinion that their condition would be ameliorated it they had longer leases, larger farms, and greater encouragement for improvements. They much regret that their proprietors stay too short a time among them, to obtain a true account of the real state of the people. the inhabitants for want of a sufficient capital are unable to prosecute farm- ing to any extent. The roads through the parish are very indiffere- t. Some waste lands have lately been improved. It is expected that here and in other parts of the Principa- lily, more favourable rotation of crops will take place. Instead of that ruinous practice of constant ploughing and scouring the soil, equally impoverishing the tenant and the farm, more will be allowed 10 grass, and less ploughed" The excessive rate of labour and wages, and the advanced price of hay and t- grass, it is hoped, will produce this most de- sirable improvement. Means of Improvement-One principal ob- ject is the commnnlcation of a greater mea- sure of useful knowledge to the great body of the community. Principles of agriculture 11JIY be reduced to as simple a scale, and he as easily taught, as book-keeping. A small compend may be made, and illustrations pro- cured oi. the M k),i t tnarerial parts, and com- municated to the youth, wl.e his understand- ing is sufficiently opened, and he is about to leave the school. and betake himself to the employment of agricu};: e. This indhod would create a taste o agriculture among the youth of the Princlpalit) an emulatioIl won id take pi re from I he school. The young firmer wrejoice to C1¡ter upon and excel in the profession of nis fathers; lie wotj&J..ac- quaint lits father with the principles «>rthe science he had learned the father, in return, vvotild et,sifir-ii with the sage ohserva. tious he had made in the course of a long ex- perience prejudices would be removed, im- portant knowledge respecting the art would be circul! etl. a noble enthusiasm for agricul- tural improvements would be diffused, through etery liarisli. Pi-f-tiliulps $fit- Agriculture, to the more ingenious and indus- trious, wouid give the design additional effi- cacy and success. Hedge-rows. — Though these about.d in the neighbourhood, it is to be wished they were reared with al (cut Ion. and made more per- fect. Hedge-rows of so long use ill England, have had a considerable influence to hriuo* that soil to its high state of improvement.— The Principality, from its hieak situation and thin air, requires warmth to nourish ils plants. A belt of wood round the farm house would be an improvement. These circular clumps rising here and ihereamidst inclosed fields and lawns would not only sheller, but give the whole country tiie look of a most extensive pleasure-ground. ihe two-horse Ploughs would save the one halt both ot men ami horses, aud especially the consumption of oats. The oa's consumed by 3 af 4 horses upon a small farm must be very great. The leases for21 years are most preferable. They give encouragement to the farmer to expend liberally in improvements, because he considers it as a patrimony to his family Short leases and poor farmers are the oreat bars to improvement. a niorefavourable rotation would be high- ly, advantageous A gi r.l deal more in grass, and less iu tillage. Tins would be the wisest method to put farms into good order, »nd to keep them in it. The half oi seed, labour, and manure might be spared; the work done in proper season, a^d at hall of the expence. He who disseminates the pn"clples of sound knowledge among his fellow citizens, and from thence produces the most liberal crop# of industry and virtue, this is the true patriot, who confers the noblest blessing upon ins I t?poll 1-iis country, and merits immortal praise. Lip. CAIRN.
COPPER ORE Sold at TRURO. on Thursday. Man fl- oJ" .0" Minet. Tons. Purchasers. A l per Ton. Dolcoath 167 Cheadte W.&G. £ 6 19 6 ditto 140 English & B. Wire It 14 6 ditto 137 F.nglish Co 14 (g G ditto 129 Birmingham Co.. 4 16 6 ditiO 107 Cheadle W. & t!. 4 7 0 ditto 106 ditto. 1 19 6 ditto 94 Birmingham Co.. 5 5 0 Wheal Gong 41 Aitto 6 4 6 W h. Abraham 143 FreemanCo. 7 9 6 ditto 121 Cornish Co 8 1 6 ditto 104 English Co 8 11 6 ditto 100 ditto 1 7 6 ditto 96 Freeman Co 7 18 0 ditto 77 Union Co. 7 I 6 Oatheld Wi Rose Co. 11 10 0 ditto Jf)i Mines Royal 15 3 6 ditto 70 Oaniell Co. 29 jg 0 Wheal Fanny 132 Crown Co 116 Cook's Kitchen 110 Brass Wire Co.. 640 Tin Croft 105 Rose Co. 6 II 0 Camborne Vean 9t ditto 11 16 0 Trenowith 5Cheadle W. & G. 4 3 0 Total 2331 tons.