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-------THE BALTIC.

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------_._----PIGEON EAGES…





HIJSTTS UPON GARDENING. KITCHEN GARDE, N.-Wo shall surely submit tr. UIR rigours of winter with more complacency this yeia we have enjoyed a long and a brilliant summer WIHd has been one of the most fruitful known in the experiw^a of any among this generation. From this time it is the gardener's duty to take advantage of every ray of sun- shine, so as to promote the ripening of all kinds of stock, and to keep greenhouse plants exposed to the air as long as it is safe to do so. It is not the cold, but the heavy rains which do most injury to tender plants at this sea- son hence, many things besides true greenhouse plants are all the better for the protection of a frame or cold pit, where they can have shelter, but plenty of air and light. This is a busy mouth nearly every kind of winter work may be commesced, and, indeed, completed, if weather permits. Pits, frames, and houses, ought now to be clean and free from the smell of paint and putty. If any repairs have been neglected, see to them at once, and get all sweet and dry without a day's delay for when we get to November we are never sure for a week together but that our appliances and manual skill may have -a sudden trial. Usually we have mild weather till Christmas, and there seems every probability that this season will be no exception but the prudent gardener works by anticipation, and is always ready for emergencies. In preparing for next year's crops, trench over first the ground intended for root crops next season, and choose for potatoes, carrots, parsnips, and beet, plots that have been well manured this year. If the soil allows of deep digging, fork over the second spit, and if it is of a friable and fertile nature, bring it to the top, so as to turn the whole soil over eighteen inches or two feet deep. Plant out the August-sown cabbage; leave the weakest in the seed- bed for future planting. Plant out lettuce in a warm situation take up potatoes, carrots, beets, and par- snips earth up celery. Use the fork, spade, and hoe as much as possible to keep all plots clean, and destroy the large crops of weeds that the autumn rains will bring up. Lay cabbages and broccolis that are forward with their heads to the north. Cauliflower plants to be transplanted into frames or under hand-glasses. Fork over asparagus beds, and clear away all litter remove the stems with a knife, and dress the crowns with manure, and a little fresh mould over all. FLOWER GARDEN.—Let chrysanthemums be securely staked; train out plants in pots, and make them neat and tidy for blooming give plenty of water. When required to take the place of bedding plants, get them into their places without delay, and lift carefully with good bal!s. Chrysanthemums in the borders should be looked over without delay, to see that they are suffi- ciently staked. Where they are required to take the places of bedding plants, they should be got to their places at once, and be lifted with good balls, and5 well watered in. Choice and delicate sorts are best flowered in pots under glass, and for this purpose they ought to have been potted two or three months ago, and shifted as required, and trained out, so as to give effect to their beauty when in bloom. The bulbs to be planted this month are hyacinths, crocuses, scillas, crown imperials, liliums, irises, narcissus, jonquils, daffodils, and early tulips. Herbaceous spring-flowering plants may also be got into the borders, to bloom at the same time as the bulbs. Get all plants of questionable hardiness, and any that are liable to suffer from wet or the attacks of snails, under cover. Remove decayed leaves wherever they occur, to prevent the formation of moulds about growing plants. The ground for the best bed of late tulips should now be forked over two feet deep, and lay four inches of cow-dung in the bottom of each trench as you proceed. Show tulips to be sorted over, and arranged for planting. Be particular as to heights, as it spoils a bed to get first or second row flowers into third or fourth rows. Ever- greens planted now will make better growth next spring than those planted in February and March. Hollyhocks of the best sorts to be propagated, to keep up a good stock. Dahlias require a good deal of care now to keep them trim, and, as flowers are getting scarce, let the dahlias have necessary attention to keep them gay to the last. FRUIT GARDEN. Towards the end of the month, gooseberries, currants, and raspberries may be moved. In all removals, whether of trees, bushes, or herbaceous plants, let the roots be examined, and all diseased or mouldy portions cut clean away. Currant and goose- berry canes may be put in to increase stock, and for this purpose two-year-old wood is better than the shoots of the season, if disbudded a foot or eighteen inches from the base. In planting fruit-trees, unless the soil is poor and exhausted, use no manure whatever pure loam is preferable to an enriched soil for all trees intended to bear early and live long. Apples to be carefully gathered as they ripen, and to be stored at once without wiping them. GREENHOUSE AND CONSERVATORY.—House at once whatever is to be wintered under glass. Remove the shading, give plenty of air, and whenever green-fly or thrips appear, resort to effectual methods at once, and much future annoyance will be saved. Plants that are to bloom during the winter should have the best place as to warmth. Give plenty of air, day and night, and remove the shading, so as to let in all the sunshine that can be had. Avoid making up fires but, when it becomes necessary to do so, make a brisk fire, so as to dry the house and promote a current of air; otherwise push nothing into growth more than may be needful to ensure vigorous health and plenty of stamina. Azaleas and camellias standing out should be got under glass at once, but still to have plenty of air. Those coming on for bloom will require frequent syringing. Geraniums newly struck will require to be kept rather warm, to encourage the'formation of roots those that are strong in pots may have plenty of air and be kept rather dry to eheck growth. If more geraniums are wanted, put in the ripest shoots you can get, five or six round the sides of five-inch pots, and place them on a top shelf. Of course they must be kept moderately dry. Cinerarias should be kep,t growing freely, and be regularly stepped to produce gsod specimens. Pelargoniums for spring exhibition will now want another shift. Get them into their blooming-pots at once use good turfy loam and old manure, plenty of drainage, and, for a fortnight after shifting, give very little water. Bedding plants may still be propagated, but the stock ought to be com- plete by this time. Calceolarias put in now will make good plants for bedding next summer. VINERY.-Beware of too much heat in the vinery this month, for any excess will cause vines to push too fast for the amount of light they get. FRAME —Auriculas to have plenty of air, and be protected against damp, which is apt to injure them as the weather grows chilly. Carnations potted last month will require to be looked over to remove dead leaves, and to see that mildew is not attacking them. Keep them well aired.-Tite Gardener's Magazine.


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