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. fjjniwn cOossip.
fjjniwn cOossip. BY OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT. Our readers will understand that we do not hold ourselves respon- sible for our able Correspondent's opinions, Txz world of London has had a week's excitement at least, caused by a rumour that London's greatest holi' day was in danger. A dispute has arisen between the lessees of the grand stand at Epsom and the principal part of the racecourse and the new owner of about a quarter of a mile of racecourse extending from the Bushes to Tattenham Corner. The lord of the manor and owner of this valuable bit of land, as well as of thousands of other acres and the fine old house of Beddington-Park, was Mr. Carew, of the family of Bamfylde Moor Carew, dear to schoolboys, in whose family these estates had been from the time of Queen Elizabeth and before. But Mr. Carew, like a good many other fine young English gentlemen of the modern time, has been so fond of racing and other congenial amusements, that these ancestral domains have passed away from him through the Court of Chancery. The Tattenham Corner bit was purchased by a Mr. Stud, a professional betting-man and owner of race-horses. Mr. Stud, who knows how many blue beans make five," demands for this slip of land, for which the proprietors of the stand paid three hundred a year, one thousand a year, and a premium of two thousand pounds, with a lease for twenty years. Thereupon the grand-stand people are very indignant, and the negotiation is broken off. It seems that the Derby entries for 1869 and 1870 have been made for this particular course, and would be void if the course were altered; so Mr. Stud, like the Barbadian nigger, stands stiff;" he knows the strength of his position. The mere racing, that is betting, men cry out, "Move the race to Newmarket, Goodwood, or Ascot." But this would neither suit the grand-stand interest nor all other metropolitan interests involved in the Derby-day, It is said that a new course is being laid out at Epsom, avoiding the contested corner, that a new race for three- year olds, a new Derby, will be opened, and the entries for all races for the next two years cancelled. I have not the least fear that the great race will be moved away from Epsom. The railway interests alone would put down an annual few thousand pounds to prevent that. As for Mr. Stud, although I have no sympathy for people of his calling, it must be admitted that he has quite as much right to make money out of his posL tion as the owners of the grand stand, who raise their rents every year, and charge the highest figure for seats in the worst stand, as far as seeing goes, in Europe. However, I think we may rely on the self-interest of the two parties for an arrangement which will not deprive London and England of one of the greatest sights of the season. THE Ministers continue to be fortunate in ecclesias- tical patronage. The archbishopric of Canter bury, the greatest prize in the Church, is vacant. If it goes to the Archbishop of York, as it generally does, the see of Canterbury will be filled by the finest man on the bench of bishops. He looks truly a Saul among- I must not say the prophets; over six feet, upright as a dart a uniform would convert him into a splendid colonel of Grenadiers. If again Canterbury should be bestowed on the Bishop of Lichfield, Selwyn, who is also Bishop of New Zealand, it will be held by the most muscular Christian in the Church. Bishop Selwyn, in his university days, pulled the best oar in his college boat. In New Zealand he marched, like an apostle, with his knapsack on his back, through the wilds, and, where needed, swam rirers. Bishop Selwyn was a po werful friend ta the noble savage the New Zealander, who has lately been killing a large number of our officers and soldiers in fair fight. It may may be expected that when the bishop returns to England, the colonists, who are not sentimental, will after this last little difficulty grow savage themselves, and take steps to improve the New Zealander off the face of the island. A LADY who was long one of the queens of fashion- "the cynosure of all eyes "-the Dowager-Duchess of Sutherland, died last week, after about two years of severe painful illness and almost entire seclusian, at the comparatively early age of sixty-one. For more than thirty years she has been one of the greatest ladies of the Court. Born a beauty, and a Howard, she married at seventeen the eldest son of the then Marquis of Stafford, already, as one of the heirs of the Bridge- water Canal estates, one of the wealthiest noblemen in Europe but he married the Countess of Sutherland, the heiress of vast estates in Scotland, including nearly the whole of the county from which she took her title. His political friends at the earliest opportunity made lie Marquis of Stafford Duke of Sutherland. On the 3ath of the duke and the countess (duchess), the lady Same into the possession of the accumulated honours and incomes, territorial and manufacturing, of the houses of Stafford and Sutherland. The duke, the husband of the late duchess, had no taste for fashion- able life. He was an excellent landlord, and never so happy as amongst the farmers, or directing the opera- tions of planters and foresters on his northern estates. The late duchess had a passion for everything that was new, beautiful, and expensive, especially for building and gardening. She liked to patronise artists in painting and sculpture, architecture and music, and all other amusing arts. She filled Stafford- house-it was formerly York-house, but the Duke of York, who built it, could not pay for it- with everything that was splendid in furniture and ornament. She added largely to Trentham-hall, and ra-arranged its gardens. She rebuilt Ciiefden on the Thames from the ground, and finished Dunrobin Castle in Scotland. Barry was her architect, Paxton her landscape gardener, and every eminent, and many in-eminent, artists painted her portrait and carved her bust. As long as she was YOUDg-and she grew old, in spite of a very large family, very slowly—painters failed to catch her changing expression or to do justice to her brilliant complexion. In later days flattery became neces- sary and easy. Never had any great lady such a passion for seeing everything and knowing every one, and making herself gracious and agreeable to humble strangers who were likely to amuse her. I had the honour, some dozen years ago, of lending my hand to assist the then stout duchess up a rickety ladder to a curious performance of horse-taming in a barn and on another occasion, at the Prat Paris Exhi- bition, I saw her take tiJe arm of a very rough York- shire iron manufacturer to make him explain all his department, which he did in a very free and easy manner, with some jokes on her grace's weight, without in the least disturbing her equanimity. In fact, as long as the duchess had her health, excitement, admiration, and popularity were as the breath of her nostrils." The Duchess of Sutherland was a wonderful match- maker. She married her eldest son, the present duke soon after he was out of his teens, to the lady who has been since created Countess of Cromarty, hsiress of a vast estate adjoining the Sutherland estate. One daughter is Duchess of Argyll, another will be Duchess of Leinster, and Lady Constance Grosvenor, a more cele- brated beauty than even her mother, will >19 Marehioness of Westminster. The present Duke of Sutherland in- herits the good looks of the family, but not his mother's tastes. He takes rather' after his ancestor the canal- making Duke of Bridgewater. He once had a passion for road locomotives, and has always hated fine clothes; indeed, he never seemed so happy as when covered with oil and coal dust, with a hammer in his hand. Of late years be has become the head amateur fireman of London. He was chairman of the Mechanical Com- mittee at the last exhibition. He is, as representative of the Bridgewater estates, one of the largest share- holders, and a director of the London and North- western Railway; so his castles are not without a mean- ing. If the Duke of Sutherland's manners do not realise the common idea of the dignity of a duke, his pursuits are not degrading; he does not spood his time and l his substance amongst the blacklegs and money lenders of the turf. But perhaps it will not do much harm if a few great noblemen should lose their fortunes on the turf, and disentail their estates, to be broken up into lets of something not much more than a square mile. When we see that the Duke of Bedford, the Duke of Portland, the Marquis of Westminster, the Duke of Sutherland, and the Duke of Northumberland, are all adding to the accumulations in land and money of their fathers and grandfathers, we wonder where it will end. At any rate, the rich farmers of some of them have more fun and less care than their landlords. NOTHING is heard of the Marquis of Bute. Fervent hopes were expressed the other day at Boodle's that the marquis would hunt and would not race. P. P.
PASSING EVENTS. THE bishops of the American Episcopal Convention have resolved to admit members of the Canadian clergy to all privileges enjoyed by clergymen of the United States. IT is reported that no attempt will be made to renew the Canadian reciprocity treaty until the next session of Congress. A BULLETIN respecting the health of t he Prince Royal of Belgium states that the physicians are unanimously of opinion that a favourable issue may be expected if no unforeseen complications of the disease arise. DOM FERDINAND, ex-Regent of Portugal, is not only go resolved not to accept the offer of the Spanish Throne, but is also opposed to the idea of Iberian union and should the King, Dom Louiz, allow his ambition to lead him to entertain the project, Dom Ferdinand will publish a manifesto on his own account in maintenance of the integrity of the Portuguese kingdom. THE Provisional Government of Spain has now been recognised by nearly all the principal Governments. The recognition by Austria, Belgium, and Sweden was announced on Saturday. The Provisional Government intend to submit a bill to the Cortes for reducing the army by 25,000 men. Qaeen Isabella is said to be re. conciling herself to her new position, and intends to take a part in all the leading festivities of the Paris winter season. THE band of brigands who carried off Abbe Camp- bell are being surrounded by the troops. They set the abbe at liberty in a forest near Rocca di Papa. THE recognition of the revolution by the Government of the Netherlands has been notified at Madrid. GENERAL DULCE has been appointed Governor- General of Cuba, and is ta leave at once. It is thought the Duke and Duchess de Montpensier will. await the result of the plebiscitum before setting foot in Spain. THE Gaulois says that the French Minister at Madrid, M. Mercier, has been instructed to say that if the Duke de Montpensier should be elected king the Em- peror will withdraw his ambassador, leaving France to be represented by a charge d'affaires. THE Paraguayan war is not yet concluded. Lopez, determined to resist to the last, is holding Viletta, against which the allies are rapidly advancing. The American squadron was going to Ascension to demand redress for outrages on American subjects. It is stated that the expenses of the war amounted to j61,500,000 monthly. THE Moniteur of Wednesday announces that he Ministers of Prussia and Italy and the Papal Nuncio have resumed their relations with the Spanish Govern- ment. It is reported from other quarters that Belgium will shortly recognise the Provisional Government. A SHORT but very severe shock of earthquake was again felt at San Francisco at an early hour on the morning of the 26th ult. THE Pope has commuted the capital sentence on the insurgents, Monti and Tognetti, to one of hard labour for life, by the advice both of an advocate in whom he has confidence and of all his Ministers. Their execution would almost to a certainty have led to a riot in Rome. THE Memorial Diplomatique publishes a letter of Don Carlos, notifying to the European Powers the abdication of his father in his favour. The letter says that if God and circumstances place him upon the throne of Spain, he will make it his duty loyally to harmonise the useful institutions of the age with the indispensable institutions of the past, leaving to the Cortes the task of framing the Constitution. THE accounts from San Francisco of the recent earth quake are contradictory. Some reduce the estimate of the value of the property destroyed to a quarter of a million of dollars, while others estimate it as high as three millions. THE case of Mrs. Yelverton came again before the Court of Session in Edinburgh on Thursday morning. Mrs. Yelverton applied to have the former judgments of the court and of th House of Lords set aside, on the grounds that the Scotch court had no jurisdiction to try cases in which the parties were not resident in Scotland forty days before citation. The court dismissed the action, on the ground that it had no jurisdiction. CHARLES SEILER, the young man charged with having on the 21st September committed a murderous assault on Mrs. Priscilla Russell, a lady living at Notting-hill, has been remanded. THE Rev. Dr. Edward Balston, Honorary Fellow, and late head master of Eton College, has been elected a Fellow in the room of the Rev. T. Carter, the late vice- provost. WE are happy to state that Lord Derby is recovering from the very painful attack of gout from which he has recently been suffering. THE trial of the prisoners, Farrer and Hullett, on a charge of having forged the Earl of Dadley's acceptances, has terminated. "The forgery was proved by Lord Dudley, and the jury, after having deliberated nearly an hour, found Farrer guiity, and acquitted Hullett. The judge deferred the passing of the sentence, THE Lord Mayor Elect was presented on Monday pursuant to ancient cutom, to the Lord Chancellor, in order that the choice of the Livery might receive the approval of her Majesty. THE November sessions for the counties of Middlesex and Surrey commenced on the 2nd, in the former with a heavy calendar, there being 108 prisoners, but with only 27 in the latter. No cases of particular interest were tried at either court. A SPECIAL session of the Central Criminal Court was held on Monday, when the dates of the several sittings during the ensuing twelve months were fixed, viz :— Nov. 23, Dec. 14, Jan. 11, Feb. 1, March 1, April 5 I May 3, June 7, July 12, August 16, Sept. 20, and Oct. 25. THE earthquake reported on Saturday appears to have I been felt over the whole west of Eogland. The different accounts concur in fixing the time of the shock as between ten and eleven on Friday night. It was felt in all the towns and villages between Worcester and Hereford, and even in the latter city. At Malvern it was very severe. The motion of articles of furniture, the jingling of glasses, and the oscillation of beds was very common. Most of the reports agree that tfcese in" dications were accompanied by a noise like that of a high wind, or of a vehicle or train passing.
THE Court Cireulor of Saturday, October 24th, says: -An important discovery lea" just been marie, and the experience of nil co' gumtrs proves 1;at. hor., s, c 'J,s, or pigs, which partake of the Al Nu'riti. ns Cocoa Extract: are in a much healthier condiiion, yulri mor produce' and are less liable to iJis, as". isno her gr. at a-'vant, as?e is, that by iis use a c nsidtraoJe taking is elf ct.ed. We recommend our readeig to give the n^w coi:di»»nt a fair trial, as we are surf, wbili- they beuf-fl' pecuniarily, th< ir animals will physically improve. TbP proi rie> ors are tbe North British Ca" Ie Food Co., ot 173, hisb<p>tat«-street Without, E.C., W it" will be glad to forward a 250 J feeds on receipt of 10s. DUNN and Co.'s INDELIBLE PENCIL for MARKING LINEN, &c., patented Marcu 23, 1868, will last, out t-ix boitles o) marking ink, aiid is as easy to write with as the or&uary lead pencil. Sold by s atioueis and cin mists, or suit free j by post on rtoipt of 13 statupw, by DUNN and Co., Wholtt sale Stationers, SO, DevLreux-court, Strand, W.C.
BREAD. Bread is the term which is applied figuratively to the greatest food of man, but literally applied, it refers only to that kind of food which is prepared from wheat, rye, barley, oats, peas, beans, rice, maize, chestnuts, several roots, and from the pith, fruit, and other parts of some of the palms and bananas. When bread-making came into use among mankind we have no knowledge but the art of feeding humanity upon so small a grain as wheat," says Dr. Darwin (approvingly quoted by Dr. Paris) seems to have been discovered in Egypt by the immortal name |of Ceres." This is the extent of our knowledge as regards the origin of bread eating as a food, and the earliest mention of the distinction between un- leavened and leavened bread in the Bible, is in the de- parture of the Israelites from Egypt. The cakes which the wife of Abraham prepared for the angelic visitors to the patriarch were unleavened, and the same sort of bread is still made in the East. When bread was first leavened is not known. The art of producing it as it is now pro- d-ucecl has been the slow work of ages, and while, in the East, it still preserves its primitive character, in Europe, the improvements which have taken place in making it, belong only to comparatively recent years. Mr. Borwick's Powder is the latest improvement, and acknowledged the best. In the early history of every country, the making ef bread usually forms a portion of the domestic work of females. With the progress of society and the congrega- tion of men into cities, it would become a public trade, and, indeed, we find a "Bakers' Street mentioned in the Book @f Jeremiah. It must have been long, however, before bread-making became a public business, for Pliny tells us that bakers were unknown in Rome until the Persian war, or 850 years after the foundaticn of the city. During the feudal ages in England, the tenants of a manor were not only obliged to pay for grinding at the mill of their lord, but also to bake their bread at his oven. This proves that every householder made his own bread; but how it was leavened we are not in- formed. Perhaps much of it was unleavened like the oatmeal cakes of the North of England, Scotland, Norway, Sweden, and other countries of the present time. Leavened bread may be divided into two sorts- the one fermented with sour dough or leaven the other with yeast or barm. Mr. Borwick's Baking Powder has now almost superseded these in private families who make their own bread, from the trouble attending the one, and the difficulty of sometimes obtaining the otker. Besides, they disagree with many, and are absolutely injurious to health, whilst Borwick's Powder is light, nutritive, and wholesome. We all know that bread baked from leaven alone is too sour to be eaten, and we also know that yeast or barm often imparts a most offensive flavour to the flour, which ought to be sweet, and at all times agreeable to the palate, and this is the case when Mr. Borwick's excel- lent preparation is used. When yeast was first employed in making bread has not been ascertained, but it is stated to have been known to the ancient Gauls. This, however, may be deemed questionable, notwith- standing the fact that the bakers of Paris brought it first into modern use. The medical faculty of that city, however, seem to have early been aware of its deterio- rating properties, for in 1688 they gravely denounced its use as lJrejudicial to the health of the people. The purest and best bread is made from the flour of wheat, leavened with the powder of Mr. Borwick. Why wheaten flour is considered the best is because of the quantity of gluten it contains, the average quantity amounting to about one-fifth of the whole weight of the meal. As gluten possesses many of the properties of animal matter, it performs an important part in the chemical changes which take place whilst the flour is being converted into bread. Yeast destroys the gluten and sugar while producing the carbonic acid. Warriner, successor to Soyer, as teacher of cookery to the British army, says flour made into bread with Borwick's Baking Powder contains about 12 g per cent, more nutriment than if made with yeast." In other words, flour producing sufficient to sustain 100 men with yeast, would sustain about 112 men if made with Borwick's Baking Powder. In all ages, therefore, wheaten bread has had the preference to bread made from other cereals, on account of its being more nutritive, more wholesome, and more easy of digestion. All these properties are promoted by making it with Borwick's Powder, whilst the offensive flavour often given to it by the sour dough, yeast, or barm, is entirely obviated. On this account the name of Borwick has become a household word," not only in Great Britain and Ireland, but in the British Colonies and the United States of America. At the Havre Maritime Exhibition, it has been awarded the GOLD Medal, and was noticed in the most flattering manner by the official organ of the French Imperial Go- vernment. It is now used in most of our hotels, public clubs, and institutions, as the best ingredient for leaven- ing bread or pastry, and the surest preventive of butter, lard, or dripping turning rancid and thereby imparting an offensive flavour to the articles in which these are em- ployed. One of its best properties, also, is the readiness with which it assimilates with the flsur, thereby render- ing it more light and easily digested
¡ FUNERAL OF THE ARCHBISHOP…
FUNERAL OF THE ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY. The remains of the Most Rev. Charles Thomas Longley, D.D., Archbishop of Canterbury aad Primate of All England, were interred on Tuesday in Addington church- yard. The funeral, which was conducted by Mr. Ebbatt, of Croydon, was of the simplest possible character, one of the last wishes of the deceased prelate having been that he should be buried, without ostentation, near to his daughter, in an open grave, at the south-west corner of Addington churchyard. Mr. Henry Longley was the principal mourner, the other mourners being confined to the members of his grace's family and immediate friends. The cofen was of plain English oak, without velvet or other ornament of any kind, and bore the following inscription Charles Thomas Longley, born July 28, 1794, died October 27, 1868." The funeral service was performed by the Rev. William Benham, of King's College, London, rector of Addington.
SUICIDE IN TOTTENHAM MARSHES.
SUICIDE IN TOTTENHAM MARSHES. An inquest has been held respecting the death of Susannah Walker, aged 25 years, who was found lying dead in a brook at Tottenham. Mrs. S. Giles, of 10, Orchard-place, Tottenham, said that the deseased was her niece. She lodged at her house. She was keeping company with a young man named Pollington. Witness knew she was enceinte, but she had never upbraided her. She had often said, "I am miserable," but she had never threatened to take her own life. They had written letters to each other. He used to write poetry to her. A piece of it was- "As I wander through the grove I think of tirres gone by, And of days that now are past. I wish that yeu were nigh. Good-bye, my love, good-bye." They used to talk for two hours at a time every evening, and then they were in the habit of taking a walk through the fields. They never quarrelled, but she was often very sad. Pollington said that after her great trouble was over, he would marry her and make her happy for the i est of her life. On Thursday evening he called upon her and he gave her some money. After he had been speaking to her she began to cry. They then left the hause together. Witness knew nothing of the circumstances connected with her death. Samuel Pollington said that he had promised to marry the deceased, and he had intended to keep that promise. He had never had a difference with her. Coroner: Why did you not marry her ? Witness: Because I had only £ l a week, and she had no money. Coroner Many people marry on 10s. a week, and are glad to have it. If you had given up drinking and smok- ing you and she could have married on £1 a week. Did you do anything to induce her to commit suicide ? Witness No, sir; but I heard her say that she felt sure she would never get over the birth of the child. George Farbridge, a carman, said that at six o'clock on Friday morning he saw the deceased standing on the banks of the Back Creek. She turned round and looked at him. She then kept walking up and down the banks. He did not see her leap into the water. There was only three feet six inches of water in the brook. Jesse Lawrence, lock keeper, said that he saw the dead body of the deceased. lying in the water at seven o'clock. He pulled it out. Dr. Hall said that the deceased had died from suffocation caused by drowning. The coroner said that deceased bad evidently destroyed her life through fear of the disgrace which the birth of a child would bring upon her if born before marriage. The jury returned a ver- dict of Suicide while in a state of temporary insanity."
ON SATURDAY the cause list of the Divorce Court was issued, showing 201 cases for hearing during Michaelmas terms. There are in the Probate Court during the present Michaelmas term ten causes without juries, thirteen with special juries, and thref with common juries. To country starioners and fancy dealers. Hopkins and Co. Houndsditcb, London, supply all descriptions of papilr and fancy stationery at lwwest prises: samples, &c., on applica- tion. See advertisement in Lloyd's.
COLLISION ON THE OHARING-OROSS…
COLLISION ON THE OHARING-OROSS RAILWAY. The other day a train of empty carriages from Charing- cross was proceeding in due course to the Bricklayers' Arms station, when, on approaching the Stoney-street Junction, overlooking the Borough Market, the driver, Alfred Bunting, observed an up North Kent train which had just previously left the Cannon-street station for Charing-cross running against the stop signals, clearly exhibited, in a direction which rendered inevitable a collision upon the points which cross the railway at this spot. Bunting shut off his steam and blew his whistle, but to no purpose, and immediately afterwards both engines while crossing the points came into violent collision. The North Kent engine was struck in the centre; but the speed at which the train was going carried the engine forwards about thirty yards, and the two leading carriages 0f the train suffered from contact with the engine of the empty train. The passengers in these two carriages were terribly frightened, and several of them suffered slight contusions from the rebound. John Hilder, guard in charge of the empty train, was thrown down in his van, and sustained injuries which rendered it necessary for him to proceed to Guy's Hospital, but, after his wounds had been dressed, he was able to walk home. None of the passengers were seriously hurt, and, after the effects of the shock had subsided, they all went on to their respective destinations. The driver of the North Kent train, James Macdonald, has been 18 years in the service of the South-Eastern Railway, and has always been considered one of the company's most care- ful men. He is in a most distressed state of mind, and is quite unable to explain the circumstances which led him to disregard not only the ordinary but the distance signal, both of which were dead against his bringing his train over the junction before. the down train had passed.
SHERIFF'S SUIT AND SERVICE.
SHERIFF'S SUIT AND SERVICE. On Friday Mr. Secondary Potter and the City Solicitor attended, with the under-sheriffs, at the office of the Queen's Remembrancer, 58, Chancery-lane. The usual documents relating to the accounts of the late sheriffs were then read and filed, and proclamation was made for the tenants and occupiers of a piece of waste ground called the Moors, in the county of Salop, to come forth and do service," upon which the City Solicitor cut one fagot with a hatchet and another with a bill-hook. A second proclamation was then made similar to the former, but having reference to the occupiers of a certain tenement called the Forge," in the parish of St. Clement Danes, upon which the City Solicitor counted out six horse-shoes and sixty-one nails, with which proceeding the ceremony terminated.— City Press.
FE, ARFUL BOILER EXPLOSION.
FE, ARFUL BOILER EXPLOSION. On Friday afternoon, about a quarter to three, a boiler exploded at the steam saw mills of Mr. Norris, Baron's-ptace, Herbert-buildings, close to the New-cut, Waterloo-road. At the time of the explosion the engine was just set at work, and the premises in its immediate proximity, which are exceedingly confined, and almost filled with timber, were crowded with workmen. Con- sequently the immediate effect of the accident was serious injuries to ten men employed in the concern. Seven of the workmen who were the most dangerously wounded were at once conveyedto Guy's and St. Thomas's Hospitals, and attended to by the house surgeons, the majority of them suffering from fearful scalds caused by the scattering of the boiling water. Although the boiler was a small one, the force of its explosion cracked a thick brick wall at the back of the premises—the wall, in fact, of a house in another street. It is be- lieved that among the sufferers there is no one whose wounds are considered mortal. The son of one of the proprietors, James Norris, is said to be the most seriously injured.
SUPPLY OF WOOL.j
SUPPLY OF WOOL. The quantity of wool (sheep and lambs) imported into' the United Kingdom in the first three quarters of the year 1868 has been no less than 197,436,056 lb. The quantity in the corresponding period of 1867 was only 184,025,929 lb., and of 1866, 171,135,809 lb. and in those two years the import was the largest that had ever been received. Until 1864 a whole year's import never reached the quantity that has been received in the first nine months of 1868. The great increase has been in the arrivals from Australia, amounting in the first nine months of the year to 102,047,664 lb. in 1866, 118,672,805 lb. in 1867, and 135,346,569 lb. in 1868. From South Africa there came in the same three periods —12,444,2891b. in 1866, 22,494,509 lb. in 1867, 22,629,963 lb. in 1868. From British India, 16,414,105 lb., 10,116,551 lb., and 10,961,593 lb. From Europe, 24,587,562 lb., 13,498,965 lb., and 13,856,947 lb. From other countries, 15,642,189 lb., 19,243,099 lb., and 14,640,984 lb. The supply of alpaca wool has fallen off; the nine months' imports have been-2,620,035 lb. in 1866, 2,106,228 lb. in 1867, and only 852,363 lb. in 1868.
IDESERTION OF ENGLISH CHILDREN…
DESERTION OF ENGLISH CHILDREN IN PARIS. A cruel ease of child desertion took place in Paris the other evening. A baker's boy passing along the Rue Neuve-Saint-Augustin, observed a little girl, about two years old, crying bitterly under the gateway of the house No. 33 he approached with the intention of consoling her, when he remarked that a paper bearing the words, Her name is Mary Rufert," was attached to the waistband of her frock. Concluding that she had been abandoned he took her to the nearest Police-office, but had scarcely reached it when a boy aged about six, who had been found wandering in the Passage Choiseul, was brought in. He also had a paper pinned to his clothes, with the name of John Pinger written on i-t. The two children at once rushed to each other, the elder addressing the younger in English. The boy, who appeared to be intelligent, stated that the little girl was his sister, and that their father had brought them over from England on the pre- vious day. In the evening, after giving them their supper, he had left them, each in a different place, say- ing that he would return presently. They have been removed to the Prefecture of Police, where they will be taken care of while an inquiry is being made.
A PERSIAN NAVY.
A PERSIAN NAVY. Persia, is a country chiefly known in the Western World as exporting atsar of roses, carpets, and cats. It now promises to be famous as being early inoculated with a desire to be the possessor of an iron-clad fleet. If the commodities to which we have alluded could only be produced in increased abundance and brought within the means of the large consuming classes in the British islands, the Shah would have no difficulty in financing for the payment, of his ships. We have been informed that our Minister at Teheran has, at the request of the Government to which he is accredited, applied to Lord Stanley for the "loan'* of an English naval officer, to be engaged for one year certain on the full pay and table money of his rank, to advise as to the equipment of a squadron of a sufficient strength to maintain peace and order among the marauders who hitherto have imparted an undesirable reputation to the Persian Gulf, and, at the same time, to give that degree of dignity to an empire which is making rapid strides on the road of civilisation. The appoint- ment has been offered to a distinguished officer high up on the list of captains, but has been declined by him for reasons which must be obvious to those who gave him the refusal of it. The Lords of the Admiralty could not have done less than pay the compliment to the officer referred to, but they could not have been surprised at his preferring to take the chance of a home appointment, such as that about to become vacant immediately at Chatham, or as that which will only be held for a few months longer by Captain Shad well at Portsmouth. In erder to guard against the probability of collisions, which might have an unpleasant effect on the harmony which should always reign between British naval officers, it will be necessary that the gentleman who is to be selested to proceed to Persia should be junior to Com- modore Sir Leopold fleath.-Army and Navy Gazette
. THE RISING IN SPAIN.
THE RISING IN SPAIN. MADRID, OCT. 27. The Minister of Finance has issued a decree annulling the law relating to the employes of the Civil Service and authorising their more rapid promotion until the meeting of the Cortes, when a new bill on the subject will be submitted. A decree of the Minister for Foreign Affairs relieves the Spanish Minister at the Court of the King of Holland of his functions. A decree of Senor Ortez, Minister of Justice, dissolves the Royal Commis- sion on Commercial Affairs, and re-establishes the judiciary districts which had been suppressed or modified by some provisional Juntas. The Minister of War has issued a decree in which he authorises the demolition of the city walls, the citadel, and other fortifications of Barcelona, in consequence of the increase of the population of that city. Marshal Serrano has addressed a letter to Senor Aguirre, thanking him for the dissolution of the Junta of Madrid, and praising the patriotic sentiments by which that body was inspired. The municipalities of Bejar and Santander have sent telegraphic messages of con- gratulation to the Junta of Madrid upon its dissolution. MADRID, Oct. 28. Senor Ayala, the Minister for the Colonies, has sent a circular to the Colonial Governor, repeating the de- claration already made by the Provisional Government, to the effect that the colonies shall enjoy the advantage of the state of affairs created by the revolution. The Minister says the Government will adopt for the colonies an electoral system on as large a basis as possible, and will reserve to the Constituent Cortes the exclusive solution of all questions affecting the interest of the colonies. In conclusion, Senor Ayala. promises that the Fevolution will proceed prudently in these matters, and will not violently destroy established rights. MADRID, Oct. g. The Minister of the Netherlands has notified the recognition of the revolution by his Government. The Municipal Council has adjourned the discussion of the vote of censure upon the Government until to-morrow. It is believed that the motion will be withdrawn altogether. MADRID, Oct. 30. A decree has been issued giving directions for the distribution of the poll tax instituted on the 12th inst. in lien of the octroi duties, and giving provisional instructions for levying the same for the present quarter. A circular has been addressed by the Minister of Commerce to the governors of the provinces, asking for a report on the changes introduced by the revolutionary juntas in the staff and working of the departments of public works, agriculture, industry, and commerce, and requesting the governors to communicate their views as to the best measures to be adopted for re-organising those departments. General Dulce has been appointed Captain-General of Cuba. He will leave immediately for his post on board a Govern- ment frigate, which will be placed at his disposal. Aus- tria and Sweden have recognised the Provisional Govern- ment. The Government will submit to the Cortes a bill to reduce the army by 25,000 men. The commission entrusted with the administration of the Royal patri- mony have dismissed the personnel of the Royal chapel, and all the domestic dependents of the palace. Several banking firms and credit societies have announced their intention of subscribing largely to the new loan. MADRID, Oct. 31. A decree issued to-day opens the Spanish ports to ships arriving from Morocco, where the preamble of the decree states cholera to have disappeared. Five hun- dred and sixteen Madrilena ladies have presented an address to the President of the Council requesting the preservation of those churches which have been ordered to be pulled down, and also the maintenance of other religious establishments. The Minister of the Colonies has authorised the municipality of Havannah to borrow ten millions of crowns in England to cover the deficit, and complete the Isabella Canal. The loan is for 20 years, and its redemption will commence 11 years after the date of its being contracted. It will bear 7 per cent. interest, aad will be repaid at a premium of 15 per cent. It is guaranteed upon the revenue derived from the taxes upon meat, other markets, and public conveyances, estimated at 476,183 crowns also upon the profits from from the navigation of the canal, which will be opened in four years, and which are estimated at 450,755 crowns annually. Moreover, a mortgage upon the whole revenue of the island is to be furnished as a further guarantee, if necessary. The Junta of Barcelona has dissolved. The Government is about to send reinforce- ments to Cuba. The effective strength of the army is to be reduced by a return to the system of provincial bat- talions. MADRID, Nov. 1. Senor Zoulla has issued an important circular, in which he recommends individual, initiative, and inde- pendent steps on the part of the different municipalities towards extending public education, so as to close the shameful era of ignorance and tyranny which has lasted for three centuries. He says, among other things, that the Inquisition was open in Spain until the expulsion of the last of the Bourbons. Several Republican meetings and demonstrations are announced to be held to-day. There is a split in the Democratic party. General Novaliches is pronounced better. MADRID, Nov. 2. A decree of Senor Sagosta has been published sanc- tioning the right of public meeting when conducted in an orderly manner 24 hours' previous notice, however, of such meeting must be given to the authorities. The decree adds that the meetings must neither be periodical nor permanent, and that they will not be regarded as orderly if attended by armed persons. A dispatch of General Prim to the Governor of Cata- lonia recommends him to deal with the authorities of Andorre in a liberal spirit. It was impossible for the Government to send troops as demanded by the Spanish Vignier without the preliminary consent of Franee. The Gorrespondencia says that General Prim, in reply to a Cataloniam deputation, declared that the Government had entered into no sort of engagement with any of the candidates for the Spanish throne, and that it had not yet taken the question into con- sideration. The Junta of Ferrol dissolved on the 29th ult.
THE DUKE AND DUCHESS DE MONTPENSIER.
THE DUKE AND DUCHESS DE MONTPENSIER. LISBON, Oct. 29. It is believed that the Duke and Duchess de Mont- pensier will not return to Spain till after the plebiscitum.
ROUMANIA. BUCHAREST, Oct. 28. It is denied, on reliable authority, that an alliance has been formed between the Governments of Russia and loumania. The rumour of a marriage between Prince Charles and the third daughter of the King of Denmark, is also declared to be an invention.
THE PRINCE ROYAL OF BELGIUM.
THE PRINCE ROYAL OF BELGIUM. BRUSSELS, Nov. 2. A bulletin published to-day states that there is no change in the condition of the Prince Royal. A report is circulating that his Royal Highness is dead, but this statement is false.
MURDER AND SUICIDE. On Wednesday night a labouring man, named Thomas Worthington, at Fenton, Staffordshire, went to bed at half-past nine, leaving his wife up to finish some house- hold work. He went to sleep, and woke at four o'clock the following morning, and found she had not been to bed. Going down stairs he came upor the dead bodies of his wife and her youngest child, a girl 13 months old, with their throats cut, and 1-ying in a pool of blood in the kitchen, where he had left them the night before. The child's head was nearly severed from the body, and a razor covered with blood was found on the floor. A year ago the death of a child caused great grief to the poor woman, who had ever since been in a very low state, and under the influence of mental infirmity she no doubt committed the double crime. She lived on good terms with her husband, who is left with four children.
ROME. ROME, Oct. 28. Last night, at Grotta Ferrata, in the Roman Cam- pagna, a band of brigands entered the country residence of the pupils of the Scotch College at Rome, and carried off Abbe Campbell to the mountains. They demand a ransom of 100,000f. Mr. Odo Russell has communicated with the Pontifical Government on the subject, and gen- darmes have been sent in pursuit of the brigands.
CONTINENTAL GOVERNMENTS AND…
CONTINENTAL GOVERNMENTS AND THE SPANISH MINISTRY. PARIS, Oct. 28. The Monitewr of to-day in its bulletin says :—" The Ministers of Prussia and Italy have resumed their relations with the Spanish Government, as also the Papal Nuncio, who has had an interview with the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
RUSSIA. ST. PETERSBURG, Oct. 31. The envoy from the Khan of Khukand is expected to arrive here to-morrow. He is the bearer of assurances of devotion from the Khan towards the Czar, and his Willingness to assist in furthering Russian interests. He is at the same time instructed to give an energetic denial to the report that the Khan intended to take the part of the Emir of Bokhara against Russia. It is positively stated that the Pope has not addressed an invitation to the Russian Synod to send representa- tives to the approaching General Council, and it is more- over declared that such a step, if taken, would be per- fectly fruitless.
JAPAN. YOKOHAMA, Sept. 6. All Japanese newspapers have been stopped by the Japanese Government. Yeddo is again disturbed.
.,. RIOTS IN NEW ORLEANS.
RIOTS IN NEW ORLEANS. PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 27. A riot occurred in St. Bernard parish, near New Orleans, on Sunday, between the whites and the negroes. Ten persons have been killed. Great excitement pre- vails in New Orleans, and the military patrol the streell. -Times.
THE RIVER PLATE AND BRAZIL…
THE RIVER PLATE AND BRAZIL MAILS. RIO DE JANEIRO, Oct 9. The subscription to the Six per Cent. Loan, repayable in gold, issued at 90, amounted to 105,833,000 dols. Almost all on speculators' account. The correspondence between Mr. Washburn, the American Minister at, Paraguay, and Lopez's foreign Minister, is still the principal topic of discussion. Lopez is still in position on the heights of Villeta, and holding the neighbour- ing pass of Angostura with heavy batteries. The Bra- zilian forces are said to be already in proximity to Villeta. Lopez's movements are uncertain. It is sup- posed he will retire when pressed into the interior with- out fighting. The report that a Brazilian force was marching upon Chackoside, opposite Ascension, is with- out foundation. The fleet was accompanying the march of the Brazilian forces. Lopez continued desirous of establishing friendly relations with Great Britain. The facilities extended by Lopez to her Majesty's gunboat Linnet to survey the river within his lines had excited much surprise and jealousy. In well-informed quarters it was believed that it would be satisfactory to Lopez and the population generally of the River Plate, were her Majesty's Government to mediate between the bellige- rents. The concession to Mr. Baillie and others for the exportation of cattle from the River Plate to London is officially promised by the next packet. Seven large steamers are to be built in England for the service, each capable of carrying twelve then- sand head. Conscripts continue to be sent from Rio for the army in Paraguay. The reported outbreak of cholera in Rio is unfounded it arose at Monte Video, from the presence of cholera on board a Brazilian trans- port. The Rio money market was excited. A crisis was expected. The army expenditure leaves a monthly deficit of one million sterling. Exchange limited, £ 300,000 negotiated at Is. 7|d. to |d. A
■ ■ ■• -ii Jl r\ m\ AMERICA.
■• -ii Jl r\ m\ AMERICA. WASHINGTON, Oct. 31. General Grant, by direction of President Johnson, has issued an order reciting the act of Congress which pro- hibits officers of the army or navy from interfering in elections.
INDIA. ENGAGEMENTS WITH THE…
INDIA. ENGAGEMENTS WITH THE ENEMY ON THE NORTH-WESTERN FRONTIER. The following telegrams have been received at Bom- bay from the correspondent of the Bombay Gazette:- H ABBOTTABAD, Oct. 5. "The First Brigade, after an engagement with the enemy, has occupied Chittabut on the crest of the Black Mountain. The Second Brigade is four miles below Chittabut. The enemy were driven from the first posi- tion without loss. Last night the enemy attacked the bivouac of the First Brigade, when two native soldiers were killed, and seven wounded. Three men were wounded to-day." Oct. 5, 4 p.m. The commanding officer at Agror writes that the General last night recalled Vaughan's Brigade to join Bright's Brigade. The two brigades now form one column. A great deal of firing has been heard here to- day between ten o'clock and noon. We could see the smoke of the guns and the bursting of the shells. We also saw the infantry advancing along the crest of the hill." Oct. 6, 9 50 a.m. "Yesterday evening the 1st Brigade took Macbai, the highest peak and key of the,, Black Mountain, without loss." "Oct. 8, 1 20 p.m. "The troops are burning the paharee Syuds' villages. There is no enemy in front. "Terms are nearly completed with the Huzzunzaies- including the Khan Kheyls."
BlOTS AT ROTTERDAM.
BlOTS AT ROTTERDAM. Serious disturbances occurred at Rotterdam on Satur- day night, which took the form of a demonstration against the police. The first symptoms of disorder appeared on Friday night, when crowds of youths of both sexes perambulated the streets, shouting and hoot- ing. It was generally rumoured that a more serious breach of the public peace would take place on the fol- lowing night, and in the course of Saturday the aspect of the populace in the quaint Dutch town was so threat- ening that cavalry and inrantry were summoned from the Hague. The arrival of the troops was anticipated by the mob, which assembled, and smashed all the windows in the police-offiee and the town-hall. When the soldiers appeared, the mob was repeatedly charged three or four rioters were reported killed, and 200 wounded. There were sixty of the leading rioters arrested.
ACCIDENT TO MR. BARRY SULLIVAN.
ACCIDENT TO MR. BARRY SULLIVAN. On Tuesday night Mr. Barry S-ullivan appeared before a large audience at the Liverpool Amphitheatre as "Don Caesar de Bazan." An accident occurred in the closing scene, where Don Csesar" enters the apart- ment in time to save Maritana" from the unwelcome attentions of the king. The latter tells "Maritana." that her husband is dead, when Don Csesar" enters abruptly, exclaiming, as he does so, Not yet, sire." While Mr. Sullivan was so entering, on Tuesday night, his right foot went down a stage slip, which careless ficene-shifters had left open, and was badly sprained. Though the limp with which he approached the front was apparent, no one in the house suspected a serious accident, more especially as the play proceeded without Mr. Sullivan exhibiting any signs of pain. There is reason to fear that several weeks will elapse before he is again able to appear on the stage.
EMBEZZLEMENT BY A POOR-RATE…
EMBEZZLEMENT BY A POOR-RATE COLLECTOR. On Saturday, at the Shire-ball, Nottingham, Mr. John Bramley, poor-rate collector, was charged embezzling various sums of money amounting to £ >17 14s. 2d., the property of the guardians of the Basford Union. The accused, who had been summoned, failed to appear, and the case was gone on with in his absence. The Poor-law auditor (Mr. Chamberlain) proved having; examined Bramley's books, and haying found a de- ficiency to the amount above mentioned. Since the discovery had been made he had decamped. Bench ordered a distress warrant to bp ig ned asramst Bramley's goods, and m default of there being sufficient to pay the amount he was to be committed for three months with hard labour.
----_.-------THE REMOVAL OF…
THE REMOVAL OF THE ROYAL ACADEMY. on vf9 Atonal Gallery has just purchased in Rome, for £ "2,000, a large picture, or rather unfinished composition, which, on excellent critical and other grounds, is ascribed to Michael Angelo. Experts will remember the work as having been for some time on view at Signor Pinti's house. The subject is The Eatombment of Christ." The numerous figures are of small life-size some of them are but barely sketched on the canvas others are much more advanced towards completion; none are thoroughly finished. Visitors to the Manchester Art- Treasures Exhibition will remember Mr. Labouchere's "Holy Family," which was also ascribed to Buonarotti, represented four angels holding scrolls, and was, like the picture now in question, unfinished. This new picture, with several recent acquisitions to the National Gallery, the comparatively large size of which is unusual in our purchases, will not be placed before the public until after the Royal Academy has removed to Burlington- house, and so left vacant the eastern portion of the. National Gallery. This removal will certainly happen early in the spring of next year, in time for the opening of the Royal Academy Exhibition in the new building in Piccadilly-—A-thenczwm,
A TERRIBLE TRAGEDY.
A TERRIBLE TRAGEDY. On the 25th of August a barque arrived at Hakedate, in a very dilapidated condition, and without any papers. Traces of blood were visible upon her in various places, and the only persons on board were forty-two coolies who stated that the European captain and crew had deserted the ship during a gale of wind. The vessel is believed to be an Italian barque, named the Providenza, which left Macao for some part of the west coast of America, as far back as July, 1867, with at least 300 coolies on board. They are supposed to have risen against the captain and crew, and murdered them after a severe struggle, in which their own losses were heavy, and then taken the ship into their own hands.
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