J GOOD TEMPERS' SOIREE AT ( Nb.WTOWN [ The first of the series of soirees in connection with the Glyndwr Lodge of Good Templars, was held on Saturday week, in the New Church-street Board School. The chair was occupied by Mr Geo. Morgan, C.C., who opened the meeting with an interesting address. He said that in every direction they could see the mighty volume of public opinion increasing. and ere long they were certain to have passed the Local Veto Bill, and, let them sincerely hope, the Welsh Local Veto Bill (applause). Was Wales to wait the growth of opinion in favour of great social questions until England was ready? They believed the people of the United Kingdom would soon be prepared in this respeot, at any rate, to concede Home Rule for Wales. Wales was ready to apply its remedy to the great problem of its social misery. So long as 140 millions were squandered on intoxi- cating drinks, so long would there continue periods of sluggish demand for clothing, food, furniture, &c., while millions needed them day by day. If but a portion of this 140 millions were spent on neces- saries there would be less misery, and if in Newtown. when their opportunity came, they could divert some £ 10,000. now spent annually on intoxicating drinks in our town, into the tills of the tradesmen, there will be no longer the keen anxiety and distress so prevalent amongst them. DR. Ross stated he had attended a wicked foot- ball match in the afternoon had bethought he would have been called on, he might have absented himself and prepared. He confessed he bad rather a weak- ness for football, and be perhaps could hardly help it, seeing he had been brought up and lived nearly all his'dnyB within a few minures walk of the field where many an international battle had been fought- Hampdes Park, the grounds of the world-famous Glasgow Queen's Park club. He thought it was the duty of the temperance party to give a helping hand to elevate the tone of the game. and to try and raise athletics to a higher standard. This was the first social meetirg of their winter campaign, and he hoped that as the result they would be able to initiate a great many more new members into the lodge. Reference had been made by the chairman to the question of the treatment of habitual drunkards, and it was a question that ought to re- ceive their careful attention. He did not think it was right thai. the drunkard should be elased with the criminal. He was not a criminal; he was suffer- ing from a disease, a disease which he might have in- herited or acquired, and he therefore ought to be treated on proper lines. Dr Sutherland, the Glasgow prison medical officer, had given the matter a great deal of attention, and had read, at various timPs, papers bearing on the subject to the economic section of the British Association. He advocated the laying aside of a large prison for the sole treatment of in- ebriates. They would he treated by medical men, and each case would be treated on its own merits The speaker said he felt sure that if this plan was accomplished the lunatic asylums would not be so overcrowded. Dr Clonston, an eminent psychologist, had stated that 15'20 per cent. of the patients in asylums were there through the result of drink, but his experience as clinical assistant and assistant medical officer in an asylum led him to think that as regards that establishment, anyway, the percentage was much larger. It was, however, a matter for legislation, and it was the duty of the temperance party to see that legislation was obtained. The programme was as follows, Miss E. Woolley presiding at the pianoforte: Pianoforte solo, Mies Woolley; reading, Letting things alone," Mr W. Hnmphr ys song, When the flowing tide come* in," Mr D. J. Saer song, "The Holy City," Mr J. H. Humphreys quartette. When the storms sur- round, remember Me," Mr James Davies' party; pianoforte solo, Miss Woolley song, Mr James Davies. Tea was then partakt-n of, which was sup- plied by Mr Evan Bebb. After tea. Mr D. J. Saer sang, and the remainder of the evening was spout in various games.
BOARDS OF GUARDIANS. NEWTOWN & LLANIDLOES,- WEDNESDAY. Present—Captain Adams, Messrs C. Morgan, John Lewis, Richard Nutting, David Jones, William Gittins, John Lloyd, William Hamer, M. H. Davies, Wm. Jones, John fhomas, Richard Evans, Daniel Jet-man, Evan Powell, D. Higgs, Samnel Meddins, Edward Edwards, and Miss Annie M. Lloyd, with Mr Richard Williams, clerk. STATISTICS. Amount administered in out-relief during the past fortnightNewtown d strict, per Mr R. H. Lloyd, first week .£35 18a 61 to 275 recipients, second week, ..£31 to 265 recipients; Llanidloes district, per Mr Richard Owen. first week, .£45 58 to 411 recipients, second werk, 441 16s 9d to 450 recipients; Llanwnog district, per Mr James Hamer, first week, X24 12a to 170 recipients, second week .£219. to 170 recipients. .Number in the house, 51. Number of tramps relieved during the past fortnight, first week 71 against 70 during ths corresponding period of last year, second week 89 against 69 during the corresponding period of last year. MASTER'S REPORT. The Master reported that they had consumed 120 pounds of meat during the past fortnight.—Mr Powell said that some of the guardians thought it tool much, and wanted to know whether they could not! do with less. There was about twiceas much used as the eorresoonding period last year,-The Master con- tradicted this, and said that there were only 1501bsof meat used.—The matter then dropped.—The Master said that he had been instructed at the last Board meeting to get plans for the alteration of the boys' playroom. He had received plans and estimates from Mr Evans, builder, Caersws.—Mr C. Morgan pro. posed, and Mr Lewis seconded, that they should ad. vertise in the usual way, which was agreed to. TUCKER'S CAHB. Mr C. Morgan called the attention of the Board to a case in Newtown. It was that of the man Tucker, who had been in prison once or twice, and had two or three children in Newtown. His wife had left him, and a woman had charge of them. They were in a shocking condition, and he asked the Board, for the sake of the children, to take them into the house. The man was an able-bodied man,and could earn from 25s to 30s a week wnile in work as a woolsorter, but owing to his dissipated habits nobody in Newtown would e mploy him.-Mr Lloyd said that the man had asked him several times to get an order for admit. tance of the children into the houlile.-Capt. Adams proposed that the house be open for him to come, which was agreed to. LOCAL GOVERNMENT BILL. Several circulars were received respecting the above Bill, which, without being read, were ordered to be left on the table. PAUPER LUNATICS. A resolution was read from the Burton-on-Trent Guardians with regard to pauper lunatics. It stated that in the opinion of the Board the grant of 4s per week at present received by the Board of Guardians from the County Councils in respect of each pauper lunatic chargeable to the union and maintained in an asylum, should also be given when pauper lunatics and imbeciles were maintained in the workhouse.if the latter are conducted to the satisfaction of the Lunacy Commissioners, in the sme way that such grants are paid to the parochial Boards in Scotland, and that representation be made to the Local Government Board on this subject.—Mr C. Morgan, in moving the adoption of the resolution, said he was glad to say they had only three lunatics in the house. Some years ago they bad 18, 15, and 12, but the number had dwindled down to three. He thought that it would be far better for them to keep the poor lunatics in the house instead of sending them to Bicton, if they could get the 4s from the County Council. He pro- posed that the resolution be adopted by the Board.— Mr John Lewis seconded. He "id that he did not see that there was much to be gained by it. Each pauper in the house cost them 38 10d, and the luna- tics at Biction 7 d 9 J, but if they could get the 4 from the County Council he did not think that there would be much lc.s to the Union.—Mr William Francis also supported the resolution, and it was carried.
CUPID IN THE WORKHOUSE. The Birmingham Workhouse Committee have re- ceived the following letter from an inmate :—" SIM, —I have been your servant now eight years, and de- sire to thank you all for your kindness to me. Now, gentlemen, I am going to say I have buried my wife 13 years, and I have been poor wanderer since, as I have not Rot a soul on earth that I can speak to. But, gentlemen, since I have been to the old woman with my pjpsr there i.-i a female that noticed me as soon as I went, and said, I believe that man is con* to be my huiband I never spoke for some time until I looked at her and said. Do you really think so ?' She said, Y e. j at least I hope so.' I answered Well, if you will consent to be my wife I will pledge myself to make a happy husband.' And if the kind gentlemen will allow us to yet married we shall be very happy, and am sore as we are both their ser- vants and quite satisfied, we areaHeand willing todo anything that cocnes in our way, and we desire noth- ing in this world but to marry and live hatpy to- gether. The female is 63, and I am turned 80, both well and hearty. Gentlemen, we pray you to grant this our only hope of blessed comfort. Weallo desire to continue in our situa iom, as we d;) not desire any change, as we are perfectly satisfied with our position, and desire to be thankful. Gentlemen, I will appear before yon on Friday. We remain, jfow humble servant?." Leave was given for Ithe eld coilple to marry, and one gentleman offered to Hlb* ecribe to a champagne wedding breakfast.
(A VISIT TO THE HOUSE OF COMMONS. An excursion party from Newtown up in Lc ndon last week, and desirous of seeing as much as po>sible of the Metropolis, finished up their trip with a visit to the House of Commons, which one of the party thus deseribea;- After passing. unchallenged several stalwart policemen, who evidently took one of the party as a member (probably owing to his service-4 on another public body) we at length reached the inner Lobby, finding there a large number on the "ame errand. In a short time we found that the way to secure admission to the strangers' gallery was to obtain a card from one of the blue guardians of the peace stationed at the entry, upon which you wrote the name of the member from whom you expected the favour of a pass,.your own name and address, and the object of your visit. The visit of the Newtown party resulted in the using of about a dozen of these cards, as each one sent in to every member with whom he thought he bad a shadow of a chance. After sending in our cards we took our place in the line of expectant visitors, anxiously awaiting their respective members,.and ii was very interesting and instructive to hear the policemen announce each member in stentorian tones, and then to see the anxious expres- sion on some face or other give way to a satisfied and grateful appearance as taeir member walked towards them. By this means we gained a knowledge of the personal appearance of a large number of the members, one of our party taking down the names of each one called out. It was interesting to go through the list afterwards and try and recollect wnat kiLdof an individual Mr Perks, for instance, was. After waiting nearly an hour our hearts were cheered with the announcement-Mr Ellis. We looked up, but were not altogether prepared to see a short geltle- man step forward, whom we found was Mr Eliis's secretary. Thanks to the junior whip, three of our party had now secured the required pass, which is signed by an officer of the House, and the member who grants it. Now and then during the evening an official appears bearing a number of cards, and states i he following membera are not in the House. The only name of interest to us was Mr Stuart Rer.del. At last we hear a name announced, and looking up we Sde the genial counteDanoe of the member for Radnorshire, Mr Frank Edwards, through whosa kindness the remainder of our party secured the necessary passes, and whose kind expressions will nQ-t be forgotten for many a long day. We found on enquiry at the foot of the stairs that the galle, y was fun so we had to return to the outer corrider and take (,ur spats and patiently wait our turn. After wai ling some time the summons comes for three, which takes the majority of our party, and in a little while after. wards I find myself walking up a narrow stone stair- case, and at the top an attendant asks me t.) sign my name, and then pass on to the gallery. Whon I lock down to the House, I see that the earnest attention of the members is secured by a well-built man, whose hair is fast turning grey, dressed plainly, (a red tie showing up oonspiciously) with a strong and rather rough voice, which can be heard in every oorner of the House. After hearing a few sentences I had little need to ask my neighbour if the speaker was John Burns. Although the member for Battersea with several other labour members sit on the Opposition benches, it could be easily seen from which fide of the House he received the sympathetic cheers, and how aexkus the Tory members were to take advantage of any alight slip to give a chorus of ironical cheers. For in-st uc3, John Burns, in the course of his speech, used a lot of figures, and when some of these figures were questioned by a Tory member, he turned bud said, I know that you can get statistics to preTe anything." Round after round of Tory cheers greel ed this remark, but the cheers came from the Liberal benches when he finished the sentence with if incorrectly quoted," and then went on to eay he was quoting trom the Railway Companies' own reports, The matter under discussion was a motion of Mr McLaren, the member for Crewe, to the effect that as the London and North Western Railway and some other companies had mutaal insurance societies, the! men should be allowed to contract out of the Act. This the Government atedfastly refused to sanction. In this course they were supported by all the labcur members, and the speech made by John Burns titrengthened their hands materially. I have not space to follow the forcible and eloquent speech in which he pleaded the cause of the workmen, and the vivid pictures he drew of the risks and dangers of industrial life, the sights he had personally witnessed in hospitals, and the necessity for not allowing any exemptions or exceptions. After this stirring rpeech from a member who could not fail to convince you of his earnestness and genuine interest in the lot of the worker, a representative of quite; a different etamp rose to address the House. Sir Julian Goidsmid, in qaiet and measured tones (which reminded us very much of our county member) stated the case for the railway directors. It was strange to note what a different aspect the House Boon presented; mos of the reporters closed their note books; members rose and left the House, either to partake of refreshments or other business; and instead of the silence and attention with which every word of the previcus speaker was listened to, a continual buzz of conver- sation was carried on. The Treasury bench also appeared to lose interest in the proceedings instead of Mr Gladstone looking se active as any with his hand to his ear, Mr Asquitb stroking the curl on his forehead, Sir George Trevelyan's keen eyes watching every movement of the speaker,—I noticed Mr G ad- stoDe commence writing letters, and the other members of the Government kept moving abcut, engaged in some work or other. After each speaker had finished it was curious to see quite a duzen members rise from all parts of the House anxious to give their views on the subject. Several other members spoke, as one of the Liberals said, to explain why they were voting against their convic- tions, bat I have no doubt the greater number of members felt qoite relieved when at eight o'clock the Speaker rose, and with one word "adjourn" the whole House emptied itself into the adjoining rooms. As we had very little time left, we also adjourned, and only felt sorry that we could not stay a little longer to hear the resumption of such an interesting debate, which ended in the amendment being defeated by 19 votes. On passing out we were shown the old Parliament House. or Westminster Hall, which now only appeara to be used as a parading ground for policemen, and looking round that dreary hall one is reminded that even the present House will not accommodate all the members elected, and when making the necessary alterations, I trust they will enlarge the strangers' gallery so that the pleasure of hearing our legislators debate important topics, may be obtained wiibout waiting over an hour for a seat. Still with ail the difficulties and inconvenience a visit to the House of Commons cannot fail to interest and give you some- thing to look back to for years. A NEWTOWN RADICAL.
A REMARKABLE NORTH COUNTRY STORY The little school at Blawith, near Ulverston, is los- in Mr Walker, a master whose remarkable career is one one which is worthy of being more widely known. Wonderful Walker," as he is spoken of amongst a wide number of friends, now retires from his pest after thirty-three years' service rendered under quite exceptional circumstances. He was born at Bucxeaidc, a village in Westmoreland, in 1831, and when he be- came old enough to go to school he was such a con. firmed truant that his parents, despariug of persuad- ing him to attend regularly, sent him to work at a paper mill. He was unfortunate enough to have his bands so severely crushed in a calendaring machine that they were both amputated. Mr Walker was then twelve vears of age, and when his arms were healed he was sent back to school, though at that time he had no intention of paying much heed to his lessons. Seeing the other boyPl writing, howevsr, the desire came upon him to try also, and he avked a comrade to tie a penholder to his arm. Hepractiecd in this manner uutil he could write legibly. Ilo now learned to write holding the pen with both arms, and became an expert penman. When eighteen ye,rs of age he was assisting the master in his scbo)1. and subsequently be opened a school of his own. commenc- ing with sixteen pupils. Seven years afterwards, when he left he had an attendance of 120. Mr Walker now took charge of Blawith Schooi, near Coniston Lake. While here he married, and after he had been in charge of the school eight years he made efforts to hare hi-i salary, 13s a week, iucreased. The school was placed under the control of tha Depart- ment, and Mr Walker obtained htscertificate. He also h 'lis titt Bishops' Certificate for Scripture, and when drawing was also made compuUory, he obtained "good" for freehand and "excellent" for mo iel. Riø school has always done weil at the ex- aminations, and his former pupils now hoid positions of responsibility as vioar. curates, teachers, tnanag- agers of mills, Ae. Mr Walker has been choirmas- ter at Blawith Church for many years, nor did he allow the result of his accident to prevent him tak. inir an active part in various sport*. Hewas an ex- cellent cricketer and only once missed a catch when fielding, and on that occassion paid the penalty with • black eye. In reeent years Mr Walker h is taken to fishing, and is known as one of the beit anglers en the River Crake. A few months ago he had a Hpri. .118 illness and WM led to resign. A pension was granted, and we think our readers will agree he thoroughly deserves one. And now after hard work in school, and having brought up a large family, he spends his well-earned rest on the banks of the Crake sketching and fishing.
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DISTRICT COUNTY COURTS. i Beeore His Honour Judge D. LEWIS. LLANFYLLIN,—TUESDAY. MARGARET JONES V. WILLIAM JONES. a was an action for the recovery of XA4. being A year's rent alleged to be due for premises in Llan- fylho. known as the Tan House.—Mr W. A. Pughe for the plaintiff, and Mr M. Woosnam for the d&ead* at. Mr Paghe said from 1876 to May 1, 1891. defendant -tfecaptad the premises under a lease at £ 44 a year, .la view of the expiration of the lease defendant >dffergd £ 30 a year rent, but plaintiff wanted .£36. "*ihejiegociatioDS fell through, but defendant remained t possession for a year, paying the rent in two ttaltneuts of X22. Defendant then left without -fog notice, and thereby, it was contended, made ibniMtf liable for a year's rent. C, R. Jones, brother-in-law of plaintiff, said from ■Usaa to time he acted as agent for his eister-in-law. recited a conversation with defendant which took place some time before the expiration of the legme, and said defendant quite understood that if he remained he would remain as a yearly tenant, at -the- game rent as was in the lease. In November, After fcha expiration of the lease, he applied for the t, hot defendant demurred, spying he wanted an ikaeo for bricks used in making a coal shed. Søtøé time afterwards the hair-year's rent was paid. At the end of the year defendant brought the key to 'n. basse; he (witness) told him that he could not eept it. bat he left it on the premises. Defendant it-md at the end of the year, and the second halt- M'a rent was paid miuus a few dtdactions.-Crose- auttiued; He aid not re i urn the key to defendant, Ad bAd n er seen it since defendant brought it to v iiuose. Did not reilldLU ber defendant telling him he jii. been advised by his solicitor not to pay the rent. gas aare defendant said nothing about hia solicitor. yeisedant did say he would not pay because he was rfptiii of prejudicing his case. He understood that ocater to tne allowance for bricks. Jn 1892-93 he taw several persons about taking the premises. Mr jfrfl/vs, Bronwy lfa, Welshpool, offered him J610 for die jjtrd without the house. Mr D. Lloyd also ap- plied, and he sent him to defendant because he itegasded defendant as tenant. Notice to quit on 1, 1893, was giveu defendant. Did not know r thai Mrs Lewis, the present tenant, used the Kendues in the year 1892 3. Did not remember Mrs wis telling him at Christmas that she had put beer let the warehouse attached to the premiseia.-iie. ^XAOliaed: Did not authorise Mrs Lewis to occupy aø. portion of the premises. John Jones, hueband of the plaintiff replying to 2LAWoomam, said the premium on tbe premises had ')(!I!J reduced owing to the tact that, no hazardous dric was now conducted on the promises. Otitic was the case for plaintiff. pdant detailed conversations with Mr C. R tI:&. and said in April, 1891, he asked Mr Jones If B would, let him know the name of the in-outniug 1It. as he (defendant) was in a difficulty about -faoaee he was removing to on the other side of the gbtjBt. Air Jones replied that the Tan House was not !at. He (defendant) atked if he could stay in the oaee, and said he had cleared the tanyard. Mr aooe* replied that he should take tne complete ommlws lor a year. He (defendant) did not consent to take it, but he continued in pesseesion. On Sfommber 1st Mr Jones called for the rent, and he told Mr Jones he did not think he would pay, as he Wa& advised it might prejudice his holding. Mr JFotKM replied, I give you my word of honour, it sh& not prejudice your holding if you pay me the relii." He made out a cheque then and give it Mr fI. bat he had never had a receipt. His present hou.,e was ready on Good Friday, and on April 30th, 189"2, he locked up the Tan House premise*, and tools the key to Mr Jones's house. He saw Mr Jones at tha back door, and he took the key himself, and put it dowa. -Cross-examined: He did not use the yard AS 6 butyxrd after the expiration of the lease, but for aUsftug wool and using bark. When he delivered the kejr tw said, "lam bringing the key and giving up IwomieeL- Mr Jones snatched the key, placed it .he as the corner of a tuble, and said he would not leeetV8 it —Re-examined: He haa not had the key Mak, nor had ho yet, been allowed for the bricks. [g expected X-5 las 6d. Mr Woosnam, addresing his Honour, contended that it had been beid that unless there was evidence tk&t tenancy from year to year had been created fey Iftet of the parties, the tenancy was simply one sufferance. Air Pughe, in replying, quoted Woodfall on Land- i Attd Tenant in support of his contention that 2. tep-at,.tfor a term.of years hold over after the expimtion of his lease be became a tenant on suffer- aucit" and a new tenaucy from year to year was fiiereby created upon the same terms as those con- in the expired tease. Mr Pughe also quoted tba raoent case of Dursvhall v. McCarty. Hia Honour said tlHI last was a very impartaut and he would uut trouble Mr Pughe further. He thought plaintiff was entitled to succeed. The &ur was clear enough, but if there was any doubt as to the one branch of it with which they were con- ,Cgcn,gd that day it was made clear by the case banded js, foy Air Pughe. Is was due to Mr W. Jones and Mr <5. K-. Jones that he should tay he did not thiuk' ,igw had come there intending to tell untruths; they were simply mistaken. It seemed very hard that defendant should pay a year's rent for premises he- bed cot occupied, but on the other hand it would iae %rory hard if the landlord did not have six months him in which to find another tenant. Then t.ker6 was nothing up to the payment of the first half- yffltrV rent to rebnt the presumption of a yearly tenaeay- As to the delivery of the key both sides eIIId. that Mr C. R. Jones protested; and as to the ai ownership relied upon by Mr Woosnam—who awd eonducted the case as well as it possibly could be eoødaeted-io allowing Mrs Lewis to occupy part y»f fb.» premises, but there was no evidence that she 40<3upl&d with the sanction or knowledge of Mr C. It. j £ r Woosnam asked that costs Bhould not be alfoared; but his Honour said he could only give foigmeut for plaintiff with costs. Perhaps th« sjkc6i*i eoald make an arrangement about the costs. The ease which lasted nearly four hours excited ftxastb interest. BDVTARD DAVIES V. JOHN MORRIS. TULS arasL an action to recover 18s lost by plaintiff fgttA ioaud in defendant's possession.—Judgment for tfbsutbitf. WELSHPOOL,—WEDNESDAY. ThMe was very little businese at this Court, there onl, a few judgment summons. There were £ oae adjourned cases from last court, three of which trees ttttled before they were called on. The other dØoctted case was that between Alfred Jones, of t, Kerry, against Thomas Williams of the na,wily Inn, Forden. Mr Martin Woosnam, New- toma. appeared for the plaintiff, and Mr E. M. Jones, Welsiipooi. for the defendant. On the case being ifgfUA oa, the plaintiff was unable to pay the hearing faiCr sad the case waa struck out. NE WTO WN,—THTTESDAY. RE DAK1N BROS. 1ft respect to the receiving order made against Igsom Dakin Bros, of Llanidloes, in December, a .twoof at 4ebt was sent in by a Mr Barnett Soiomon. jfe Joint 1>. Daviea, official receiver in bankruptcy, ggi eaW the claim, and gave Solomon notice, and the d&dg WSA adjourned to the present court. He saw gW~ present to represent Solomon, and he asked ffm Honour to confirm his rejection order.—His f-roomr said that if there was no application, the OSLeiaS. Receiver's order would stand.—Mr DA vies mtid Solomon had ignored all his applications Otcd letters. .fMPOBTANT CATTLE TRESPASSING CASE. Sfaarice Evans, farmer, Belanddu, of Llanllugan, dga Bichard Tomlinson. iron mercoant, Stretford, soar Manchester, and of Beudihir Farm, Llanllngau, fye £ 1310a. damages sustained through the trespass dt aormwi-t's cattle iu plaintiff 'a fields of oats and Mr Martin Woosnam appeared for plaintiff, fmJt Mr Edward Powell defended. Jlr Woosnam, in opening the case, said the land of itnfrrrJ- and plaintiff's adjoined, and the cattle broken through the hedge separating the fmyyy.-fiag There could be no doubt there was a frmpnns and the question would, doubtless, be one to the amount of damages. Ur Powell said he would not contend that the • JMBMint was exorbitant, but that it was obligatory far plaintiff to keep his fences in such condition as luep defendant's cattle off his land. f Mt Woosnam replied that he would show that the r fWirrwi were properly repaired, and sufficient to keep <j»fc reasonably cattle, unless the animals bad some TgfLf propensity. For trespassing in a hayfield vjlsiatiff charged 3s. per cow, for trespassing on a l-wSdato*.i» 4i. per oow, and on pasture 2s. each. •giisf trespassed on the land on several occasions. jg"Luee Evans, plaintiff, said that he had kept &W4oui of the dates on which defendant's cattle tlMiTpnnnrJ on his pasture, oats, and hay. Last May immad* up all his fences in a thoroughly proper and ,LASSCUat Msaher. Defendant's cattle were of Ayr- alrfiin firirr[Mr.Powell: They are very small and • cattle]. Kelly (defendant's agent), had never MM to repair the fence, but William Jones, fAommt, had done so.-Cross-examined: My cattle lesBasysr been on defeadmvt's land. On the 6th .to Kelly and showed him a dead heifer, which had been killed, and although I could not prove it, there is no doubt defendant's cattle did kill it, as defendant's cattle constantly strayed on my land. I wrote a letter giving Kelly notice that if the cattle strayed, he should claim damages. The letter was not the first time I complained about the trespass. I have driven the cattle off my land myself. I have driven Mr Atkinson's ponies off my land. The cattle did a tremendous lot of damage, not because of what they eat, but what they trampled down. I cannot tell how much oats or hay I lost. There were 260 yards of fence damaged. Jonathan Jones, farmer, of Brynrusrog, Llanllugan, John Jones, farmer and miller, of Upper Mill, and Edward Thomas, farmer, of Lluastgerrig, deposed to seeing defendant's cattle in plaintiff's fields, and gave evidence in support of the reasonableness of the charges made by plaintiff for damages. Evan Oliver, carpenter and farmer, Tymawr, Llanwyddelan, stated that he iepaired up the feneea and made them thoroughly strong in May last. Mr Edward Powell eaid that the charges made for damages were most exorbitant and moat extravagant. He submitted that his Honour should non-suit the plaiutiff. His Honour i Why ? Mr Powell: According to his own showing these ca,ttle broke through his hedge which he had by right to keep in such repair as to keep them away. His Honour •„ But the onus is on you to prove that it is for him to keep not only his hedges in such repair as to confine his own cattle, but also to keep other people's beasts away. Mr Powell replied by quoting the case of Lawrence v. Jenkins. This was a very important case to farmers, and he contendei that it was the universal law throughout the c.)un, ry for farmers not only to have hedges to keep their own aattle in the fields, but also to prevent the straying of other farmer's cattle. Plaintiff had admitted the fence belonged to him. His Honour remarked that he did not gather from Mr Powell's cross-examination of the plaintiff that he was going to set up that law as being the uiiivei sal custom. Mr Powell: I have proof that plaintiff has been in tho feabit of repairing the fence. HIs Honour: You must prove that he is under prescriptive obligation. Mr Powell said he could call witnesses to prove that point. Dealing with the question of damages, Mr Powell said the chim was preposteron*, aod that defendant had nothing to show how his crops had been damaged. Joseph Kelly, agent to Mr Tomlinson, said he knew the fence through which the catLle had broken. They must first get into the woodlands before they could trespass. The woodlands belonged 10 plaintiff. A Mr Atkinson had occupied the farm (plaintiff's) for a number of years, and he had known Mr Atkinson mend the fence about a dozeii times on being requested to do so. Plaintiff's father succeeded Atkinson in the farm, but ha did not know that he had ever put up the hedge where it was broken djwn. He did not think the heifer plaintiff refetred to as being found dead, was killed, while as to the amount claimed for damages, it was enormous. He charged 2s. for one day's feed on a pasture, while he (defendant) had taken in cattle at 8s. per head per week. William Jones, farmer, of Rhosygynion, in cross- examination, said that he knew that defendant's cows had been driven out of Evans' field. It was a neigh- bourly act and a. custom in the parish to go and tell a neighbour that a fence required repairing, but there was no obligation to do so. Mr Powell asked who repaired the fences as a rule in the parish. Witness said the rule was for every one to repair his own. John Tymm, of Cefn Coch, spoke to seeing cattle, not Mr Tomlinson'e, on plaintiff's land. Mr Powell said in a case like that where thare was no dispute as to the ownership of the fe;,ce, for that was admitted, and where they had cletr evidence that plaintiff had been required to repair the ience from time to time, during 20 years, and it had been done, there was an obligation on the part of the plaintiff to repair his own fences as agunst the defendant's cattle, as well a? to keep in hi. own. If his Honour found that was so then plaintiff was responsible for the damage. Mr Woosnam said that the mere asking of a man to repair a fence, which he did repair on his own land, did not come within the Prescriptive Act at all. Every farmer in the parish would be liable in that case to have his land trespassed upon, month after month and year after year. if the evidence which had been brought forward was to throw the onus of re- pairing the fences under that Act. There was a caso of common law where a man was not realiy bound to fence against his neighbour. There were joint owners of land somebody had to repa r the fence one repaired the fenee because the ditch was not on his side, not because he was bound to do it by pre- scription, but simply in the ordinary course, not as an obligation, simply as a matter of custom. Williaui Jones, Rhosygynion, wia recalled, and said he worked for Mr Atkinson, when the latter was occupier of plaintiff's farm. He had repaired the fences several times, but not by request. John Tymm was also recalled, and said that a former tenant of Beudihir, had had cattle and sbeep coming through the same fence, but always camo tnrough the woodland and never across the deep ditch, because there was a good fence tiiere. Mr Barber, who was the agent, used to repair the fences. His Honour reserved judgment.
LOCAL POLICE COURTS. CAERSWS—MONDAY. Before J. Pryce Davies, Edward Davies, ani A. W. Davies, Esqrs. HIGHWAY OFFENCE.—P. C. Wm. Davies. Caer- sws, chargpd Selina Bryan,of Oswestry, with allowing four horses to stray on the highway near Carno, on September 7th.—Fined 16s including costs.—P.C. Wm. Davies also charged S. Bryan with making a fire within fifty feat of the centre of a public carriage way.—Fined 16d including raosts. SCHOOL CASES.—Edward Humphr ys, of Frank- well, Curno, was fined Is including costs for neglect- iug to send his child to school.—The charge against Rd. Andrew, of Clatter, Llanwnog, of neglecting to send his child to school, was adjourned to the January! sessions to see how the child would attend in the maautime, as the father appeared and stated tuat the child had been ill for soma time and was very weak. WELSHPOOL,—MONDAY. Before D. P. Owen and W. Rogers, Esqrs. CHARGE OF MALICIOUS WOUNDING. Robert Beadles, a married man, of Powell'a-lano, hawker, was charged with maliciously wounding his sister, Elizabeth Davies, of Powell's-row on Satur- day last.-Blizibetia Davies, wife of John Davies, of Powell's-row, carpenter, said On S .turd ty morn- ing I w.-ts at Mr Howell's, shoemaker, High-street. I was sweeping the pavement in front ot the house about half-past twelve o'clock. My brother, Robert Beadles, came and stood between Mr Howell's shop and the Mermaid Inn, and he said to me, You —• He then ran at me, caught hold of the buck of my nt-ck and struck me on tne head with his fist, as soon as he bad done this my head began to bleed, and he then ran away. He struck me two or three times on the head. I noticed that when he was standing be- tween Mr Howell's shop and the Mermaid 1/n that he was cutting up tobacco. The knife was,, small one he carried in his pocket, and I was afterwards taken into Mr Howell's shop, and then to Dr Gill's. Whilst there I said the defendant had a knife in his hand.— Cross-examined by defendant Did you see a knife ill wy hnd P Yes.—When I came down street did I curse and swear at you? What you said was You I want you."—Did you see me strike you with my fist? You struck me with your flit, and you had a knife in your hand. You did not strike me with a broomstick.—Harry B&in", junior, Mount- street, said about half-pa-it twelve o'clock on Satur. day morning he was taking newspapers to the Mer- maid Inn. He heard the defendant say to Elizabeth Davies, "I will remember you about ycsierday." He then went past Howell's shop, but returned, and luid to complainant "I'll cut your -r-iiead off," and ha then went back, and he hit her witii his hind first. He then went a sv ay. He did not notice anything i I his hand, but saw the blood running down her neck.—Dr Gill said: I examired the complainant in my surgery. There was a jagged wound 0:1 the left side of the head about three quarreri, of an inch long and half-an-inch deep; there was also a second ex- coriation by the side of the wound. A wound of this nature could not be done by the fist. It was not a clean cut wound, but could be done by a blunt in- strument.—Annie Howell proved that oompiainant was taken into her shop and was bleeding.—P.O. Rovese said he went in search of the defendant, and found hita about half-past one in the Foxe.3 Inn. He was Rober. Took him to the police station and Bearoned him, and found some money upon him.— P. S. Humphreys said on the morning of the lith i <sfc., the defendant was handed over "to him by the Xjravioua witness. He cautioned him a.nd charged him with wounding Mr8 Davies, his sistbr. He mid. I have nothing to Siy at the present timo. Yes- I terday morning (Sunday) he asked how his sister was and said I am very sorry for what I have done, but she would not leave me alone. I struck her with the broom. I had no knife, I do not carry one." I ex- amined Jbhe broom, but could notfiud any trace of blood. After the charge had been read over to the prisoner, he said: I never struck Elizabeth Davies with "a knife at all, but with my fist, and touched her lightly with a broom stick;h-.The prisoner was com- mitted to the Quartet Sessions ia January next.