MONTGOMERYSHIRE ANTIQUITIES. To the Editor of the Montgomeryshire Express and Radnor Times. Sir,-It was with a considerable amount of interest that I read in your last issue an account of the pro- ceedings of the annual meeting of the Powysland Club held At Welshpool. Previous annual meetings have not been devoid of interest, but have always, in a measure, lent a stimulus to the antiquaries through- out the county, and the speeches made—never of the common-place type, invariably contain important in- formation. This year's meeting has been marked out as an exception, in consequence of one or two im- portant events having taken place, and I regret to find some of which are of a sombre nature. The loss, by death, of Mr Jones, of Gungrog, and Mr Rowley Morris, will be felt by the Society for some time to come, as both of them were noted for toe exception- ally keen interest they displayed in everything apper- taining to the history of the county of Montgomery. The other matter to which I desire to call at. tention is that of -tord Powia's remarks respecting Montgomery Castle-anent the demolition of the same by one of the Herberts. His lordship was for- tunate, indeed, to succeed in rescuing the valuable papers referring to the above event before they were consigned to the flames, and he deserves the thanks of all antiquaries in placing them at the disposal 01 the Society for the purpose of printing and including them in the works belonging to the club. But herr', 180 far as the public are concerned, the matter will apparently end, and we shall hear no more about it. The books published are too high a price to allow working people to purchase them, and as it is at present we may travel from one end of the county to the other, and climb all the ruins of old castle?, forts, abbeys, &c., and yet we shall leave the hiatorica spots without obtaining any information as to the course of events that led to the breaking-up of many old castles, the erection of numerous fori and tumuli. all of which abound throughout our county. May I suggest that the members of the club will take into consideration the advisability of publishins the papers in their possession in a cheap form, which would thus bring them within reach of the working- classes of the county, and by ao doing confer a great boon upon lovers of the ancient.-Your;i &c., ANTIQUARY. Newtown, Oct. 17th, 1893.
WELSH DISESTABLISHMENT. The following important letter from the Rev. R. Temple, late Inspector of Schools in this district, ap- peared in the O-estry Adrertizer lost week, and at the request of several earnest Disestablishere we reprint it;— Sir.—I think the time has come when, in face of the violent feelings and exaggerated language so common on this question, somebody should try, at least, to view it dispassionately, and, with your kind leave, I venture to make the attempt. On the merita of Church Establishments in the abstract I take no strong party side, I do not think Church Establishments unscrip- tural, as the Liberationists do, or divinety obligatory upon nations, as older theologians of most Churches used to do. If the great majority of people in a country belong to one Church I see very strong reasons in fnvour of establishing it, but the establishment of the Church of a minority has always seemed to me politically unjust. Now there cannot, I think, be the least doubt that the Church of England is in Wales greatly outnum- bered by the Nonconformists. One of the strongest opponents of Disestablishment is leported to have said lately that the difference was three to one, and my long aquaintanoe with the Principality, and my observation of elections of all kinds, and most especially of School Board elections, lead me to the same conclusion. Montgomeryshire, where I inspected schools from October, 1868, to 1893, is by no means an extremely Nonconformist county, and its boroughs return a Conservative member, but even there the Nonconformists have a majority on every existing School Board, and if School Boards were made universal I do not believe there would be a Church majority in more than five parishes, at the outside, out of fifty. If then Wales is sufficiently distinct from England in its religious conditions to be treated as a separate country for the purposes of this question I cannot affirm that the maintenance of the Church Establish. ment there is politically just. I think that the character and origin of Welsh Nonconformity, so different from that of England, its peculiar organiza tion and modes of teaching, and its special attitude and relation to the Church of England, as well as in* continued prevalence of the Welsh language, do give sufficient ground for dealing with the Welsh as being for religious purposes a separate people. You have no space and I have no time to enable me to go into the long and complicated train of causes that led in the last century to the alienation of the Welah people from the Church of England. They will be found pretty fully given in the Essay on the Causes of Dissent in Wales," written more than fifty years ago by my uncle, Mr Arthur James Johnes. Two conclusions, however, may be drawn from a consideration of his statements, namely, that if the advocates of Disestablishment are wrong, as thPJ certainly are, in calling the Church Establishment an alien institution forced on the people, since in 1700 the great majority of the Welsh people belonged to it, on the other hand, it is true that if the Welsh Church had never been connected with that of England and had never, in consequence of that con- nection, been misgoverned by English Bishops and swamped by English pluralists, the demand for Dis- establisbment would, in all probability, never have arisen. It was thought by Englishmen that the Archbishop of Canterbury (doubtless a scholar of the highest order and a prelate of transcendent ability) made a strong point when, in a pardonable but florid flourish of rhetoric, he said that he had come to thg aid of tb< Welsh Establishment from the steps of St. Augustine's throne. Welshmen knew that he could not have come from a worse place, for they remem- bered the reception given by that saint to tho British Bishops—a reception that prevented the union of th Churches then, as the misrule of English prelates was the cause of severance now. Another source of alienation is the character of the opinions now dominant in the Church of England. The school of theology vulgarly called Evangeli- cal" would probably repudiate me, and I should in turn be inclined to think its teaching narrow and its views of life based on the Old Testament rather than the New, but its attitudetowards Nonconformity was conciliatory and sympathetic, and under its sway, if the question of Disestablishment had arisen at all, it would have been raised in a very different spirit from that which has been aroused by the action of clergy and Churchmen whose positions as regards Noncon- formity eannot, to say the least, be accurately des- cribed by those epithets. I have the very strongest devotion to the Church of England, and above all things to the teaching of her unequalled succession of great divines who beyond all others maintained and extended the sacred union of faith and reason, and I believe that that teaching is pre-eminently calculated to correct the faults of the Welsh character, but until it is dissevered from the associations of injustice with which among Welshmen it is at present connected, it will never bring the message of wisdom home to their hearts.— am, &c., R. TEMPLE. Ewhurf-t Rectory. Guildford, Oct. 12, 1893.
LLANMEREWIG. ROYAL WEDDING MEMENTO.—Friends of the children, and members of the parish committee, have been desirous to arrange for some lasting m-mento of the marriage of Prince George and Princess May. It was decided, if funds were available, to distribute to each child, aged 3 years and under 14, a cup, stamped with figures of the Royal pair. There remained, after the rejoicings on the occasion of the marriage of Mr Wm. Lloyd, of Castell-Porwyn, a balance of £ 2 19s in the hands of the efficient treasurer, Mr E. Parry, of Cilgwrgan. In pursuance of a vote of the Lloj d Committee thia sum was handed to the Chair- man and Treasurer of the Children's Committee, wbich tIaeJ thankfully acknowledge,
THE WELSHPOOL DISPENSARY CONCERT, j On Thursday evening last a grand evening concert was given in the Town Hall, Welshpool, in aid of that noble institution the Dispensary. The con- cert had been arranged and worked by a com- mittee of the Powis Competitive Choir, with Messrs J. H. Davies and A. H. Jones acting as secre- taries, who worked most energetically to bring the concert to a successful issue. There were a large number present notwithstanding other attractions in the town, and amongst those we noticed present, or who took tickets but were unable to attend, were :— Sir W. Williams-Wyno, Bart., the Right Hon. the Earl of Powis, Sir Pryce Pryce-Jones, M.P., J. C. Hilton, Esq. (High Sheriff), E. O. Jones, Esq. j (Mayor), Captain E. Pryce-Jones, Major A. Williams- Wynn, the Misses Wynn (Coed-y-Maen), P. A. Beck, Esq., Mrs Curling, T. N. Garnet, Esq. (Glanrhiw), T. J. Hounsfield, Esq. (Glyncogan), A. Howell, Esq. (Rhiewport), Rev Grimaldi Davies (Vioar of Welsh- pool), Rev J. Baines and Miss Baines (Berriew), G. Hill. Esa. (Llanerchydol Park), E. H. Morris, Esq. (Chirbury), T. R. Morris, Esq. (Bronhanl), J. C. I Gittina, Esq. (Newtown), Rev Tu. De Voa (St. Wini-1 fred's), Rev T. C. Jones, etc., etc. The orchestra was beautifully decorated with plants and ferns (kindly lent by Mr John Weir), and the stage arrange. ments were superintended by Mr Harry Baines. The choir, which numbered about 100 voices, presented a most pleasing and neat appearance, each member wearing a satin rosette: the sopranos wore pink, the contraltos scarlet, and the male portion white. The artistes, as will be seen from the programme below, were chiefly local talent, the only strangers being Miss Maggie Owen, Lianyblodwell, Mr Bennett Williams, Portmadoc, a baritone of considerable ability, as well as a 'cello player, and Mr Willie Galliger. From beginning to end the audience was most enthusiastic, and encores were numerous, in fact they were the" order" of the evening. The conductor of the choir was Mr E. R. Hughes, and the accompanist Mr Willie Nuttall, both of whom per- formed their arduous duties in a most praiseworthy manner. Welshpool, as well as the conductor, should be justly proud of having such a choir in its midst. The reception aooorded them was most hearty, and their singing of the first item, And then shall your light," was all that could be desired. The balance and tone of voices were excellent, the attacks vigor- ous, and the rendering throughout was inspiring to listen to. The conductor deserves special praiee for the training of the choir to such a high state of pro- ficiency. Gwilym Gwent's "Balmy May" was ex. quisitely rendered. The male voice party (conducted by Mr Hughes) gavea brilliant rendering of Sullivan's The Bdleaguered," and the time-honoured "Comrade's Song of Hope" was also credit- ably given. The Bottw& Quartette Party rendered Hatton's Letter very effectively _J..L ""I."T:1- _1__1i_ 1.- -a. mr £ >enneit vvunams sang very cieariy in a oaruone voice, and was wrll received. Miss Maggie Owen, Llanyblodwel, in a rich soprano voice, renaered her pieces very satisfactorily. Mr Hudson Phillips gave his eong in a sweet tenor voice. In the person of Mis-« Bessie Bevan we can welcome a most valuable addition to the ii-t of native contraltos, whose chaste rendering of her songs were rapturously encored, her lear enunciation being exceedingly good. Miss Meredith ably accompanied Miss Bevan on the piano. Miss Myfanwy Jones, Bettwa, it is needless to add, was very effective. Her pieces were finely given, and had an artistic finish, and deserved the well- nerited encores. Miss Stuart Bainea had a grand r-ception, and is a young lady of considerable pro- mise. Mr W. Jenkins, who is always well received by a Welshpool audience, sang with hia usual dash and finish. His dexterous phrasing was exceptionally arrand, and in Shipmates" he evidently bad a thorough grasp of the situation. He was vociferously encored, but aid not comply. Mr Bennett Williams's pieces on the 'cello ana violin were excellent; his manipulation being good. The duet by Miss Jones ■md Mr Phillips deserved a merited encore. Mr Willie Gallager supplied the character songs very iatisfactorily. The following was the programme:— PART iI. Chorus. And then shall your light"Mendelssohn Powis Competitive Choir. gong Jack's Yarn" .Adams Mr Bennett Williams. Song "Golden love" Milton Wellinga Miss Maggie Owen. Song "Gwenfron" A. Morgan Mr Hudson Phillips. Chorus .The Beleaguered"Arthur Sullivan Male Voice Party. Song Love is a dream" (encored).Cowen Mibs Bessie Bevan. 'Cello Solo. Reveria" Caroline Derval Mr Bennett Williams. Song. Tell me my heart" (encored) ..Bishop Miss Myfanwy Jones. Song "Shipmates" (encored).Stephen Adams Mr W. Jenkins. Humorous Song. 't'hf-. Vindovv man" (encored) Mr Gallager. PART H. Pianoforte Solo. Mr Willie Nuttall. Chorus "Comrades' song of hope" Adams Male Voice Party. Song The childreii's queen" (encored). Miss Stuart Baines. Duet Blodwen"Dr Parry Miss Myfanwy Jones and Mr Hudson Phillips. Song. T;t fo.. tt," (encoreJ).Pontet Miss Bessie Bevan. Quartef,te lti,, letter" Hatton The Bettws Quartette Party. Song Tho children's home"Cowen Miss Maggie Owen. Song "Jerusalem" Henry Parker Mr W. Jenkins. Song "Ye breezes that blow" (encored). Parry Miss Myfanwy Jones. 'Cello Solo. (Selectéd). Mr Bennett Williams. Part Song "Balmy May" Gwilym Gwent Powis Competitive Choir Humorous Song" An tb ro' a little piece of bacon" Mr Gallager. Final God save the Queen" After the concert a dance was held, when there were fI bout 130 present. The music being supplied free of charge by the îollowing-Miss Alice Owen, and Messrs Timmis, W. Nuttall, and A. H. Jones, Hall-etreet. Refreshments were supplied by mem. bers of the Choir, Messrs W. Davies, Evan Evans, and James Davies seeing to the arrangements. The proceeds of the dance, which realized a good sum, will likewise be given to the Dispensary.
MONTGOMERYSHIRE CONGREGATIONAL CHURCHES. The monthly meeting of the Congregational Churches was held on Wednesday and Thursday at Bsvlchyffridd, when among those present were the RQyg josiah Jones, Machynlleth, D. Stanley Davies, Llanbrynmair, G. B. Thomas, Aberhosan, T. L. Martin, Llanidloes, D. Morgan, Penarth, Idrisyn .Tones, Welshpool, Jenkin Jones, Newtown, E. W. Williams. Derwenlas, R. J. Williams, LIansaintffraid. L. M. Davies, Sarney, J. C. Jones, Llanfyllin, and \Te«sra S. Morgan, Bennett, Morgan, Wernddu, Dd. Owen, &c. At two o'clock on Wednesday, a conference was held, presided over by the Rev Josiah Jones. It was decided that the next meeting should be held at Oswestry if convenient for the Church there. The Rev Idrisyn Jones, Welshpool, and the Rev J. Williams, Llansaintffraid, were heartily received as members of the Union, and their colleagues wished them every success. The Revs Josiah Jones and D. Stanley Davies, were appointed to represent the Union at the annual meetings of the Montgomery- shire Temperance Association, which are to be held at Caersws. The following resolution was passed:- At this conference of the Congregational Union of Montgomeryshire, whilst expressing pleasure at thq progress which the question of Disestablishment and Disendowment of the Established Church in Wales has made during the last few years, desire to urge upon the Government the desirability of introducing the Diseatablishment and Disendowment Bill, and to do all in its power to carry it to a successful issue during the coming session." A copy of this resolu- tion was ordered to be sent to the Prime Minister, and the members for the county and boroughs. A reso- lution was passed that, While rejoicing at the pro- gress made on the great question of education in its various aspects, desires to express in the strongest terms that no educational scheme whatever will be satisfactory to the Nonconformists of the county, which provides a Government grant to denomina. tional schools, and that all schools receiving public grants should be under the direct control of the representatives of the people." A copy of this reso- lution was sent to Mr Acland, Education Minister, and the members for the county and borough. It was decided to endeavour to wake the next meeting to a great extent a missionary meeting in connection with the centenary of the London Missionary Society. The secretary was ordered to correspond with the directors of the London Missionary Society as to the desirability of obtaining the services of Rev W. Owen to visit the churches of the county, on behalf of the Society. The Rev Idrisyn Jones agreed to read a paper at the next meeting on the "Neglect of Sunday Morning Worship." Onj account of the additional applications made from the) Society for supporting weak churches in the county, the Society wish more sincerely to call the attention of the churches to the necessity of making every effort to increase the sum of their contribution, and send them promptly to the treasurer, as the financial year of the Society must be considered to be ended at the time of the Gymanfa. The ministers and. delegates present passed a resolution conveying to their esteemed friend and brother the pastor of Bwlchyffridd Church, their profound sympathy in his serious illness, and they earnestly prayed that the Master would Boon raise him up to resume his labours in the vineyard. On Thursday morning a social meeting was held, when the Rev Josiah Jones presided, and the devotional part was conducted by the Rev E. J. Williams, Llansaintffraid. After a few appropriate remarks from the Chairman as to the nature of the meeting, and also regretting the absence of the pastor of the Church on account of his illness, two papers were read-the first by the Rev L. M. Davies, Sarney, on the Duty of Church members to be faithful to the means of grace." The second paper by the Rev Stanley Davies on Certainty as to religious matters." A very interesting discussion took place on both papers, and hearty votes of thanks were accorded to the Revs L. M. Davies and Stanley Davies. On Wednesday night, at Bwlchyffridd, the Revs Idrisyn Jones and Josiah Jones preached, and at Bethel the Revs R. J. Williams and L. M. Davies preached. In the afternoon and evening on Thurs- day, the Revs T. L. Martin, Stanley Davies, Penrith Thomas, and Jenkin Jones preached.
CHURCHSTOKE. MISSIONABY MEETING.—The annual meeting on behalf ef foreign missions of the Church of England was held in the National School on Monday evening. The chair was occupied by the Rev. Prebendary White, Vicar and Rural Dean, and there was a good attendance. After prayer and the singing of a missionary hymn, the rev. chairman referred briefly to the work of the late Bishop Hannington, and in- formed those present that last year upwards of J620 collected in the parish was divided between the two great Church Missionary Societies. A most interest- ing address was then given by the Rev: G. A. Mahon, M.A., a deputation from the Society for the Propaga- tion of the Gospel. The lecturer was heartily thanked at the close.
DOLANOG. HABVKST THANKSGIVING,—Servioes were held in the pariah churnh on Tuesday. The chnroh was tastefully decorated by Mrs Evans, Vicarage, Mrs Williams, national school, Miss Phillips, and others. At the afternoon service the aermon was preached by the Rev T. D. James, Llanfair-Caereinion, and in the evening the Rev Morris Roberts, Portmadoc, preached an eloquent sermon to a large congregation. The Rev Allen Jones, Llwydiarth, also took part in the services. DESTRUCTIVE FiF.B.-On Thursday, October 12th, about 12 p.m., a very serious fire broke out at Tyrdu, in the occupation of Mr D. Owens, Weeg, when the out-buildings were completely destroyed and burnt down. All the fodder, with two tumbrils, and one ton of basic slag, were consumed by the fire. All the circumstances connected with the affair point to act being one of incendiarism, us one of the build. ings was nmout 8 to 10 yards from the other, and the whole buildings were burning at the same time. The loss in fodder is estimated at over X200, which is not oovered by insurance. The buildings were insured, the owner being Mrs Beckett, of Upton, Maccles- field. The police are busy making enqniries.
BISHOP'S CASTLE. VOLUNTEER PRIZE SHOOTING.—The Bishop's Castle detachment of the lat S.R.V. held their annual prize shooting competition on Saturday week, on the new range. The weather was most unfavourable, a strong wind blowing, together with a bad sight. The ranges were 200 and 300 yards, each having seven shots, and at a 3rd class target, a bull's eye counting four. Refreshments were provided on the ground by Mr John Roberts, who afterwards entertained the competitors to a substantial spread. The following are the total scores and amount of prizes: Sersieant- Busler Beedles, 83. 30s; Private Barnett. 82, 25s; ( Corporal Griffiths, 78, 20s; Private Price, 73, 17a 6d Private George Comes, 71, 121 tid Sergeant Gotobed, 62, 12s 6d Private Thomas Jones, 60, 10s Private H. Richards, 59,10s; Private John Roberts, 56, 5s Private R. Morris, 48, 5s; Private Gwilliam, 45 (special); Private J. Weaver, 42 (special). Range prizes given by Lieutenant Griffiths:-Beat score at 200 yards, 10s, Sergeant-Bugler Beedles; ditto 300 yards, 10s, Private H. Richards. Ditto given by Private John RobertsSecond best score at 200 yards, 5s, Private Thomas Jones ditto at 300 yards, 5, Sergeant Gotobed. Prize given by Sergeant Gotgbed :—For the best aggregate score, 10s, Private H. Richards, 38 points.
u DISTRICT I COUNTY COURTS. Before His Honour Judge Lewis. KNIGHTON.- TUESDAY. I MONTH'S WAGES.—Annie* Bound, Knucklaa, sued Meredith Powell, Dollyvelin, for .£1. a month's vrages.-Defendant denied liability, stating that he hti deducted the month's wages because she bad nbt given notice to leave.-Plaintiff i-aid she waacha. missed without notice by defendant's wife. Verdict i for amount claimed. t.<. t BALANCB DUK.—John Price, Eardialey, songht to "Ceaover .£1 17a 6d, balance of money lent, from Ed. ward Meredith, Beguildy.— Plaintiff said defendant borrowed £ ± 17s 6d, and that out of that sum ne naa paid.23 back.—Defendant denied having borrowed the money, and also disputed a letter, which was signed in bis name, with reference to the money.- Verdict for plaintiff. WELSHPOOL.—WEDNESDAY. A TYPICAL "OLD SOLDIER."—Mr Martin Woos- aam, on behalf of David Lewis, of 33, Queen's Road, Aberystwyth, but late a grocer, of Welshpool, made an application for commitment against Thomas Sexton, The Lodge, Llanerchydol, army pensioner, for non-payment of "roars He original amount owned by the defendant was £ 60, but in order to bring the case within the jurisdiction of the court, they agreed to forego £ 10. An order in the plaintiff's favour of 10a per month was made on the 6th November, 1884. Defendant paid .£32 10s, when plaintiff had to take out a judgment summons on April 20th, 1893, the original order being varied to 30s per quarter. This was done at defendant a own request, and in order to meet his convenience, he being in receipt of a pension of X12 per quarter. The present judgment summons was taken out in August fast, there being 30s due, but the case was adjourned to the present court. Brides being in receipt of a pension of X12 per quarter, he got 8s per week for services done at Llanerchydol. All his children maintained themselves. Since the summons bid been issued defendant had reoeived hifi pension. De- fendant said he did not receive £ 12 per quarter pen- sion—His Honour Weil, how much then i-—De- fendant: XII 12s Id (laughter.)-Debtor said he for- merly kept a public house, piaintiff serving him with beer, and in this way the debt accumulated. There were other creditors besides plaintiff. Two years ago one of his daughters came from Southampton on a visit, and the next day, after going back, she died. He and his family had to go down to that town to bury her, and that cost him X15, which money he had to borrow. He had paid it back. His Honour: And let the plaintiff wait ?—Defendant replied that he was hard pressed, and he could not pay everybody. —His Honour ultimately said that be was of opinion that defendant did not try to pay, and he made an order of committal for 14 da/8, suspended 28 days. Mr Woosnam applied for the allowance of pittinttft a jrailway fare from Aberystwith. This was the third occasion defendant had brought the plaintiff up to Welshpool.-His Honour declined to accede to the Application. NEWTOWN,—THURSDAY. WHO BOUGHT THE CLOTHES?—Henry Morgan, draper, Newtown, sued Mary Jane Mortimer, Wrex. ham Arms Hotel, Oswestry, late landlady of the Wheat Sheaf Inn, Newtown, for the gum of X3 10s Od, +.ha nrin* nf a. tweed suit bouarht in September, 1892. Mr Taylor appeared for the plaintiff, and stated that defendant WAS a married woman, but kept the Wheat Sheaf in her own name. She had previous transactions with plaintiff, and on the day the suit was ordered she paid a bill to Mr Morgan. She asked him to give her a reference as she was leaving New- town to take the Wrexham Arms Hotel, Oswestry. She wanted the reference to aend to the landloid before she could take it. Mr Morgan, having known her for a considerable time, gave her a reference, and ahe said that he being so kind, she would treat her huaband (who was with her ia the shop) to a suit of clotheB.—Mr Henry Morgan, plaintiff, corrobrated his counsel's statement, and said that he took defendant into the adjoining shop and they picked the cloth.—Defendant: That is an untruth.—Hia Honour having remonstrated with her for interrupt- ing witness while he was giving his evidence, Mr Morgan, proceeded He had sent her several bilis in her name, but she had taken no notice of them.—Mrs Mortimer, in defence, said there was not a word of truth in what Mr Morgan had said about her treating her husband to a suit of clothes. He came in the shop after her and saw the cloth and gave the order. The only thing that passed between her and her husband while in the shop was that he asked her whether she liked the pattern. He was an able bodied man and was earning about R3 per week. Defendant thought it was a shame that they should come upon her for the money, when she had a separa- tion from her husband, and he was quite capable of paying for the suit himself.—Hia Honour asked the defendant if she had had any bills from Mr Morgan and defendant said she had; they were in her name, but she took no notice ot them. His Honour gave judgment for the plaintiff for the full amount with costs, and remarked that if +he bills were made out in her name she must have been liable. COULD NOT PAYTBB KKNT.—Jane Jones, New- town, sued John Dakin, millwright, Llanidloes, for the recovery of the sum of Y,2 7% 6d, being the amount due for 19 week's reut, at 25 6d per week.—Mr LI. Phillips (from Mr Martin Woosnam's office) appeared for the plaintiff, and defendant was undefended.— Mary Jones, daughter of the plaintiff, said that the amount claimed was due for rent which defendant had nut paid. She produced her book which showed that the amount claimed was owing.—Defendant disputed it, and said that the rent was due from Nov. 14th up to April 13th. on which day he left the house, therefore leaving two weeks rent too much. In ATIBVAI* toO hia Honour as to what he was, defendant I'm only a poor man." He was willing to pay the amount if they would give him time. Trade was bad and he was only working three days a week. He had to pay nine shillings a month to people in New- town, but it was impossible for him to pay plaintiff all at once.—Judgment was given for the plaintiff for the amount claimed. NEWTOWN AERATED WATER COMPANY.—It will be remembered that this case was brought before the last court, when Mr John H. Thistle, liquidator of the company, sued Mrs Charlotte Martin for the sum of £ 10 in respect ot payment of two X5 shares in the above Company—Mr T. M. Taylor appeared for Mr Thistle and Mr Edward Powell defended. A lengthy hearing took place, and his Honour decided to give judgment at the next court. Subsequently he re- viewed the facts of case, and entered judgment for the defendant, after which the court rose.
A WELSHMAN" FUR NEWTOWN. To the Editor of the Montgomeryshire Express and Radnor Times. Sir,—The letter of "A Welshman," which appeared in your last issue suggesting the present moment a fitting opportunity for the people of Newtown to urge upon the Rector the necessity of appointing a "Welsh-speaking curate to the vacaucy which now oc- curs, must, in some degree, elicit the sympathy of those whose patriotic zeal inspires them to give ut- those whose patriotic zeal inspires them to give ut- terance to the cry of Wales for the Welsh." Whether the organization of a Welsh service in our Parish Church would receive the attention such a atep would deserve is a matter for doubt, as it can scarcely be said that there is a sufficient number of Welsh-speaking people in the neighbourhood who would take advantage of the service. But it is not so much the question of the appointment of a Welsh- speaking curate that 1 wish to write aDout, as that ot the principle which underlies the suggestion. Our countrymen at the present time seem imbued with An earnest desire to see the Welsh language predomi- nant in all parts of the Principality, to the exclusion, if possible, of the English language. Treating the feeling as one emanating from a people who desire to give life to the language of their country, their en. thusiasm might be, to some extent, excused. Eat after all, such a cry is merely sentimental, and will never be realised to the extent that they wish. Eng- lish-speaking Welshmen are regarded with disdain by their brothers, who are the happy possessors of a knowledge of their native tontrue. But those who claim such a distinction-a distinction due mainly to the fact that they were taught their mother-tongue in districts where the English language was not abso- lutely essential to the successful exchanging of com- mercial intercourse, and whose parents did not find it a matter of impossibility to carry on their business in the vernacular—should never forget that the absence of a knowledge of his native tongue does not consequently deaden his feelings of patriotism, be- cause it was chiefly due to accident of residence in an< English-speaking neighbourhood that he became more familiar with the language of the English than he did that of his own countrymen. The same ap- plies, mainly, to his Welsh-speaking brothers, who living among a Welsh-speaking people, were com- pelled, aa it were, to adopt their language. The zenith of patriotism is not to be found in a cry of every country for its own people. No; rather would one expect to find true patriotism in those who had the commercial welfare of their country at heart. Welshmen cannot live upon sentiment alone, and in the rush of the 19th century the working population of a country must give its earnest attention to the consideration of the forces and powers which have the ofmte3t influence tt "M the commercial picemity of .s the country. The Welsh language is not a commer- t c al language and never will ba, and I feel sure that ,it' tre any frisiaricea where the Welsh lansru'i^e j /forms the sole a^rent ot intercourse between dealers, thev must be isolated ones. What then are the beiie- fits to be derived from a more extensive knowledge by the people of Wales of their language, beyond the fact that it would enable them to obtain a peep Wai.h Hf.Ar«.tnp«? Hardlv anv. We deprecate the Wai.h Hf.Ar«.tnp«? Hardlv anv. We deprecate the I I study of dead language8 at the present day, as it ia rightly argued that the time employed in learning them ia ao much time waated, more ao to those who look for a livelihood in the successful commerce ot a country. Comparatively speaking, Wejsh is a dead language, and no amount of agitation will ever ceed in gaining it a footing in the commercial world which would justify tbe exertions now made in its be- half. It is too palpable GO all that the English lan- guage is the language which will eventually rule the world of commerce, and therefore, that being so, does 11 'I t1 TTT_1_1. _lrl it not seem more plausiDie tnat vveisuiueu ouuum show their patriotic feelings in helping and encoura- ging by every means in their power the establishing of English enterprises in Wales, so that the country a.t large would be benefitted, and not-a-i at present —deter the introduction of new concerns by the ab- surd cry of Wales for the Welsh." AN ENGLISH-SPEAKING- WELSHMAN. Newtown.
LLANFYLLIN. PRESENTATION.—Miss Jeannie Davies, of Mel. bcurne House, on her leaving the town has been pre. sented with fourteen handsomely bound and useful books. She has acted a? organist at the Calvinistic Methodist Chapels at Llanfyllin and Llawrycwm LITERARY SOCIETIES. The Pendref Literary Society opened its session with a tea and social gathering on Tuesday, and on Wednesday the Myllin Literary Society held a meeting in the British, Schools. Mr Wi'liam Ellis, Bradford House, pre-j sided. The subject for debate—" Strikes "—was1 introduced by Mr J. Lloyd Hughes and Mr Peter Jones, with the result that 28 voted in favour of strikes and 11 against. MUNICIPAL CONTEST.—The annual elections for seats ou the Town Council promises to be exception- ally exciting,there being no less than seven candidates for four vacancies. The candidates are Messrs Evan Watkins, W Jones, David Davies, J. PeDtyrch Williams, J. Ryle, Joseph Roberts, Pant, and Thos. Roberts, Oak inn. The Liberal party have unsuc- cessfully used every endeavour to avert a contest in order to save the cost of an election. ENTERTAINMENT.—On Tuesday evening a choir of girls and boys from the Princess Alioe Orohansae. Birmingham, gave an excellent concert in the Town Hall, prior to which was given a special juvenile concert. The Town Hall was well filled in the afternoon, and in the evening was literally crowded. Selections of sacred, classical and popular music were well rendered by the children, as was also a performance on the dulcimer and the sleigh bells. The action songs were creditably given and much appreciated. Mr C. R. Jones was chairman. The children were aceompanied on their visit by Mr Thomas Durley. Governor of the Orphanage, who gave an interesting account of the work of the Insti- tute. He also thanked the friends who had enter- tained the children during their visit, and also Mr Percy Watkins for interesting himself in the concert. TONIC SOLFA EXAMINATIONS.—The examinations under the rules of the Royal College of Tonic Solfa, in connection with the Cymanfa Ysgolion (C.M.) for Lower Montgomeryshire, held in June last at Llan- fyllin and Llawrycwm, have resulted as follows r— Llanfyllin Intermediate examination, David Thos. Davies, Rhiwlas-row elementary, Thomas Watkins. Rhot-gooh; junior, Margaret Jane Jones, Catherine Jones, S. Lydia Jones and William David Jones, all of Glandwr. Llawrycwm Junior, Annie Evans, Sarah Evans, John Thomas Evans, Robert Thomas Evans, all of Cefngubri; Elizabeth Lewis, Tycrwyn Henry Lodwick, Cefnllwyni; Owen Lloyd, Rhiwfawr David Thomas Jones, Cwm: Thomas Jones, Foul' street; Richard Bromley, Cefnllwyni. The Llan- fyllin candidates were trained by Mr D. T. Davies and the Llawrycwn candidates, all of whom wer=' uccessful by Mr Richard Jones.
LATE ADVERTISEMENTS. — TO SHOEMAKERS.—To be Sold a Shoemaker's SEWING MACHINE, asgoodasnew.—Apply to Mrs J. RICHARDS, Commercial Street, Newtown. f331 STRAYED to the Cambrian Brewery, Newtown, a COLLIE DOG. The owner may have the same by giving description and paying expenses, on apply. ing to GEORGE WILSON. at the above address. f332 WANTED for CHICAGO, GENERAL SERVANT; wages £ 30; passage paid good references from last situations indispensable. — Apply A F DAVIES, Registry Office, 13, Broad St., Newtown'. f330 SALE BY MESSRS. COOKE BROS. gi-Ar TUESDAY NEXT, OCTOBER 31sT. (Newtown Fair.) COOKE BROS. are instructed to SELL JM- BY AUCTION the following Fat and Store Stock :— M HERRFORD and SHORTHORN CATTLE, Viz. 17 Two-and-a-half year old Bullocks and 7 Heifers. 50 CROSS-BRED WETHERS, Three-year-old. SALE TO COMMENCE AT 11 O'CLOCK. f333 Printed and Published by JOHN PHILLIPS (Fron Terrace, Llanllwchaiam), and WILLIAM PUGH PHILLIPS (19, Broad-street, Newtown), at St. Mary's Printing Works, Old Chnreh-gtreet, New town. LONDON HOUSE, NEWTOWN. • EDWARD LEWIS .> BEGS RESPECTFULLY TO ANNOUNCE THAT HE HAS RECEIVED* A SECOND DELIVERY OF NEW GOODS FOR THE SEASON, ? '•r- y AND INVITES SPECIAL ATTENTION TO HIS STOCK OF Ladies' and Children's Jackets, Capes & Macintosh Cloaks. ONE OF THE LARGEST STOCKS IN THE COUNTY S TO SELECT FROM. OCTOBER 14th, 1893. fÐOt. i You must have SOUND BOOTS, or pay a Doctor's bill! DICKS3 BOOTS ARE SOUND & RELIABLE. They keep the Feet Warm and Dry and preserve the health. EVERY PAIR IS GUARANTEED TO WEAR WELL AND LOOK WELL, AND THEY ARE CHEAP. 4, BROAD STREET, NEWTOWN. e481 # '7 flA OVERCOATS OVERCOATS I OVERCOATSs All immense Variety, Stylish, Comfortable. DURABLE and CHEAP at FOR CUT, WORKM ANSHIP AND WEAR THE NOTED HOUSE FOR BOYS', YOUTHS' & MEN'S Magnificent Range of Waterproof Coats, Capes, and Invernesses. These Unrivalled Goods are exceedingly popular with the Farmers, Dealers, and Gentry in the County. Every Garment Warranted. SIPECIAXi OIRDE13 DEPARTMENT :-We are showing Attractive Patterns in AUTUMN and WINTER TROUSERINGS, PLAIN and FANCY COATINGS, MELTONS, BEAVERS, and CHEVIOTS. Special Attention is given to this department by experienced Cutters and Workmen. Fit Guaranteed. OORD AND MOLE GOODS. HATS AND CAPS, SHIRTS, HOSIERY, GLOVES AND TIES. THE high reputation of the Manufacturers of these Goods enables me guarantee the wear of every Garment. All Goods are bought for PROMPT CASH, my Customerb securing every advantage which CAPITAL and Experience can command. REMEMBER QUALITY IS THE TEST OF CHEAPNESS. NOTE THE ADDRESS- —- HENRY MORGAN, CROWN SHOP, NEWTOWN.