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THE LAND COMMISSION. The Commission sat at Conway on Saturday week. Major Sandbach, of Hafodunoa, Aberirele, said he was tgcnt for hit father's estate of 5,000 acres and X3,000 reatal. Only in very rare cases had differ. ence of language, politics, or religion any effect on the management of an estate. He was only con- cerned as to a man having capacity and capital. Compensation was granted in all oases of disturb- ance, and there were no oppressive clauses in the agreements. Rents were fixed by valuation in 1835, anJ had not been raised except that 5 per cent hao been charged on improvements made by the landlord. Permanent reductions varying from 10 to 40 per cent had been made in various parts, and since 1843 the permanent reductions were 17 percent, on the rental. He drow attention to experiments in fruit-growing carried on by Mr Tinsley, of Pennant, who hao planted the sides of a hill with strawberry plants, arrangeu in three zones or belbs, and secured three crops to serve the early, late, and ordinary demand for that fruit. Mr Timsley grew the fruit on his own land, and, witness believed, made it a success. The estate he represented was bought sixty years ago, and in that time XIOO,000 had been spent in repairt3 and improvements. Uiscussitg remedies, witness duggested the lightening of local ratt-s, a small duty on imported flour, wheat, and corn, the labelling of imported foreign meat, the improvement of railway conveniences, and the equalisation of railway rates. A land court would prove a great bane. Mr H. D. Pocnin, of Bodnant, said his estate con. sisted of from 2,500 to 3,000 acres. He made no difference in his treatment or choice of tenants on account of religion, language, or politics. Th* tenancies on his land were from year to year. He put in a copy of his agreement, but he might say that it was practically a dead letter. He had only given one notice to quit on his estate. Many tenants had dismissed themselves owing to difficulties arising from their having become security for other tenants. The notice to quit was given to Thomas Wiiliams, of Penllyn Farm, who paid a rent of Ri5 a year for 150 acrea, on account of the slovenly management of the farm. This was so bad that only 100 acres of the farm were of any service to him. No tenants h*d left in consequence of the re-valuation made by his agent, Mr Bell, and the four largest tenants on the estate tweuty years ago were on it still. The oase of a tenant named Williams had been referred to. After Williams left he took the property himself, and spent XI,800 in improving it. He made all the improvements on his estate. There was no combination among landlords in fact they competed rather actively with each other. Speaking generally, he did not believe the State could inter- fere between landlord And tenant with advantage to either. He paid X36,000 for the estate, but now it had ost him aboat.480,000, so that it was the worst investment he ever made (laughter). He did not think the increase of rent on his estate amounted to .250 on the whole estate. Parliament had destroyed the amenities of landlord and tenant, and they were now m;:tking the best bargains they could. He regretted that; he liked to have the old guild spirit, under which the tenant looked upon himself as being a member of the family of his landlord, and the land- lord .,ook the same view of it. He denied that he let his land to the highest bidder. What decided a tenancy was ability, capital, and character. Mr John Davies, Brynmynach, Glan Conway, resident agent for the estate of Miss Jones, Bryn Eisteddtod, said, with reference to the allegation that certain outgoing tenants had received no com- pensation, that those tenants had not, to his know- ledge, made any permanent improvements to entitle them to compensation. His experience was that farmers did not care for leases, considering that they were quite as safe under agreements. Foreign prices and unfavourable weather, high wages, high rates, and the tithe rent-charge were the causes of the depression, but he could suggest no remedy. The tithe charge in his case was one-fifth of the whole rent. Emigration from that district was now falling off. Mr T. Williams, Pistyllgwyn, Dolwyddelen, said he represented the farmers of his district. The remedies were improved farming, security of tenure, more capital, and the lightening of some of the heavy burdens on the land, rates, tithes, rent, &c. Foreign produce should be labelled. The law of primogeniture should be reformed so as to make it obligatory on every heir to give 20 per cent. per annum out of the rent for repairing and building on their estates. They thought that more opportuni- ties ought to be given for obtaining agricultural education, and certificates should be given for proficiency. The relations between landlord and tenant in his district were perfectly friendly whilst the latter were able to meet the demands of the land. lords. The next sitting will be at Tuwyn on October 4, and further sittings will be hold at Bala on October 5th, 6th, and 7th, and at Llangefni on October 10th, 11th, 12tb, 13th, and 14th.



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