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THE LORDS AND LEGISLATION. THE political situation at the present time tie one of grave importance, which demands the earnest and serious attention of every jmaja who is interested in the welfare of his country. Although political life at West- minnter is in a state of suspended animation, the question presses itself upon our notice Are we ever going to have attached to the Statute Book those measures of reform to which the majority of the Liberal party in lthe B itish Isles gave its consent? It is vperfeety true that during the past twelve vjooumths there have been ample evidences Afforded to leave no doubt that a beneficent change has taken place in the policy of goverJ meat. That is only what was ex- pected. Little acts of kindliness to the democracy are only calculated to cause democrats to expect greater things, but so far, the Government in poweL' have had neither of the reforms mentioned in the party programme to receive the Royal assent. Many reasons can be assigned for the delay. There are such persons in exis- tence as enemies to every aspect of progress, which confers upon democracy the power which has been usurped, as the Tory party And the senile assembly which gives spectac- ular displays of its feebleness within its gilded walls. It must not be inferred that the non-passing of progressive measures is ,due to tDY lack of interest or want of sym- pathy on the part of the Radical members, it can only be ascribed to the malevolent genius of obstruction, and the inherent hatred ot lordly wreckers to reform. Home Rule has been dealt with. For a generation Ire- land has perpetually blocked the way to gen- eral legislation, and still the path is covered with the same difficulties. The progress of the Commons with the question has received a shock at the hands of the House of Lords, which, no matter what party is in power, is ,.& Tory caucus. True to their historic con- ditions, at the bidding of Lord SALISBURY, they have again thwarted the explesed wish of the nation, exhibited their hatred to Ireland, and presumptuously informed the .electorate that it did not know what it wanted, The PRIME MINISTER thinks Mr CHAM- VSEKLAIN'S description of the House of Lords, like losl, Pia himself, is slightly overcoloured. In 188-t the Birmingham politician said, the House of Lords for a hundred years has never contributed one iota to popular ''liberties or popular freedom, or done any- thing to advance the common weal. 4t During that time it has protected every abuse and sheltered every privilege. It "to has denied justice and delayed reforms. It is irresponsible without independence, "obstinate without courage, arbitrary with- out judgment, and arrogant without know- .s, ledge." The candidate for the leadership .of the Tory party christened a speech which }!te delivered at Denbigh in the same year, H Plain words to Peers There can be no ubt as to their plainness'or fullness of meantng Not only did he pass sharp joisrit upon the Lords for their treatment of Ireland, but in reference to Wales, he said The treatment by the House of Lords «of the Dissenters has exceeded in injustice olmost anything that can be brought agai.ust it in reference to any part of its proceedings." There is not a single Radical who wishes for a better indictment ,of the House of Lords than that fur- ?nibbed by Mr CHAMBERLAIN. Nonconfor- onists will remember what the same hon. gentleman said in reference to being a Dis- senter, and as such he had an account to tiettie with the Lords. Mr CHAMBERLAIN'S ancestral tree had not then grown to such proportions as it stands to-day. I can descent," he said from one of the 2 000 ejected ministers, who in the lime of .Ftf,he STUARTS left home and work and pre- tit rather than accept the Stùte-nade crooa which it was sought to force upon 'i. theai, and for that reason, if for no otht r, • ■"I share your hopes and jour aspirations, .11 Aud. 1 resent the insults, the injuries and ■the injustices from which you have sut- "fered so long at the hands of a privileged aasembty." The Nonconformists can fully appreciate the sincerity of his remarks .&a they note the divisions on affairs relating -to Dissent in which Mr. CHAMBERLAIN has .t.Lkt'n part. MB. GLADSTONE, at Edinburgh, expressed rfht> •op&Aon that taking a retrospect of the Mttt t'&reer of our heaven-sent legislators they would change their minds on Home fRule. With that view it might be easily in- ferred from subsequent remarks that the Bill will again visit the gilded chamber next ■jMr But it is not to be expected that the gentlemen who kicked it out in September, 1893 will take it in their arms and fondle it go soon as the succeeding year. To bring up tbe Home Rule Bill next year in the Coai- tttoas would be little short of madness. The T tie** «nly ^°° anxi°U8 ^or an opportunity 0& obstructing democratic measures, would ,diget.tm every line of the Bill again. It lwoul,& be playing directly into their hands. ♦So far as the people's House is concerned the- Irish question is settled. It is not now Ireland blocking the way to home legisla. tion it is the house of landlords which bars the path of progress What is wanted is the passing through the Commons of the litemures already introduced before the TfoMge together with many other reforms. enlightened aristocrats, who are moulded ot finer clay than the common horde, can reject them as they please. If the 1 latter course, the rage of the country will only be intensified, and the cry of Down with the Lords" will be raised throughout corner of the land. How much longer A nation, the magnificence of whose empire iø the envy of all other peoples, will brook the survival of an institution such as the Hottse of Lords is a mystery. Mr. LABOU- atERz once remarked that any well-trained ..ggpe could adequately perform the functions of a peer. Certainly an ape would be equally ss intelligent as the peer who was conveyed from a lunatic asylum to vote against Home Bole.. On this occasion the arrogance of the XjjfAm. has over-stepped the bounds of discre- fap Although the storm of indigilition is :;lov»T in lising, it none the less will make it- { self unmistakably manifest when the day of I reckoning arrives. The career of high- horn legislators is drawing to a close, and befc rathe world is many years older there will be nothing left except the annals of his- tory to show they ever existed.












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