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SPIRIT OF THE WELSH PRESS. I [BY SHTDTCHEINWR."] THE WELSH LAND COMMISSION1. Now that the Land Commission is again sitting, and that at a time when there is a comparative lull in the political world, we ca.n expect that its nitt-inws will ov-ershadow all other topics in the Welsh papers foe some weeks to come, Most of the Welsh papers had gone to press last week ere the commissioa began its investigations in North Wales. Expectation was keen, however, and the Herald Cymraeg published full biographies of the members of the commission, giving photographs of each, with the exception of Mr Seebohm. As the commission proceeds on its journey through North Wales we may expect evidence besides which that laid before it in Glamorganshire, star ling and unexpected as it was, will be comparatively commonplace. The Werin thinks that the evidence tendered at Bala will reveal Welsh people in a new light to he commission, in their adherence to principle. The commission ho a alrt»«.^v hnd enouerh facts to justify its appointment. No reasonable being v can deny; now that farmers have serious grievances. The, unanimous demand of the witnesses was for the establishment of a land court, which will be competent to determine a fair rent, and to reform the land laws in such a way so as to give security of tenure and compensation for improvement&" The Goleuad says that "examples were given before the commission at Bala of oppression on the pait of landlords who allowed their tenants, to make valuable improvements on their land, and then demanded them as their own pioperty." THE HOUSE OF LORDS. The action of the House of L rls in throwing ..out the Home Rule Bill is almost unanimously condemned by the Welsh newspapers. "Down with the House of Lords," cries the Celt, and the cry is echoed more or less vigorously by several other papers. The Cymro points out how the democracy has advanced within the last twenty-' five years, and warns the Lords that their rejec- tion of Home Bale has hastened their end. Seren Cymru says that the Lords were never so numerous, so united, and sj resolute as they were with respect to this measure, and this is accounted for to a great extent by the unnatnral and diabolical union of old Tories with Radical and crafty Secessionists, a union like that of Herod and Pilate of old." The Baner, in a long leading article, opines that the Lords will obstruct other necessary reforms. Welsh ones among others, and that then, having accomplished their iniquity, they will be swept away. The London corre- spondbnt of the same poper applies the proverb, Whom the gods wish to destroy they first make taad," to the Lords. The 1'yst thinks that it is a serious matter that 400 legislators are allowed to over-ride the wishes of the country. The Goleuad is of opinion that the bishops who voted with the four hundred majority considered this a fine opportunity for retaliating on the Government having adopted Disestablishment. The Hemld ymraeg believes that the Lords, by thus giving challenge to tie country, have done an im- yrtaiit service to the Liberal party. The Genedl yiraeg asks, What shall be done with the and comes to the conclusion that they i swept away and that the Upper House e abolished. The Llan ridicules these itic threats," and thinks that when the made to the country the action of the 11 be approved, as the eyes of the people .)w been opened to the perfidy of Mr cone's Bill. The Clorianydd awaits with interest what course will now be taken by Mr Gladstone. He had nothing behind him but an Irish majority, and the action of the Lords is approved of by Englishmen generally." Gwalia rejoices that "the Bill, which has been an eyesore for the country for seven years, has been thrown out. The name of Mr Gladstone's inconsistencies is legion; and Britain is fortunate in pos easing a body of men to check the disasters which would be brought upon us by the fanatic whims of one man." WELSH ORTHOGBAPHY, The much-needed question of Welsh ortho- graphy has been a sore sturablin-hlnek to Wel -h çu. ror tne laqr, two or three generations. The variations of Welsh spelling are not ascribable, like the anomalies of English orthography, to mere carlessness or to the fancies of compositors. The mQst part are the outcome of intentional in- novations on established custom made by scholars, literary men, and often by charlatans in deference to the current etymological theories of the day, or, in some instances, to English example. Most of these innovations were introduced during the first half of this century. S veral of the Welsh papers are now reviewing a little book published by "The Society for Utilising the Welsh Lang- uage." It is an admirable attempt to solve the difficulty under which Welsh writers are labour- ing, and is the o, ittome of a long research made by "experts." It may not give absolute satisfac- tion to anyone-some of the recommendations seem odd, no doubt, at first-but the report is un- doubtedly the best attempt which has been yet made to settle this difficult question. JOTTINGS. The de ith of Mr Morgan Lloyd, Q.C., is referred to at considerable length in all the papers, and the editor of the Brython Cymreig refers to the help he received from him at the time when Cardigan- shire was endeavouring to have two members. The Llan has a satirical skit on the independent spirit of the Welsh members, and speaking of Mr Bryn Roberts's attitude on Welsh Disestablish- ment, it bursts forth into the following doggerel Genedl to right of him faller to left of him, Herald in front of him, Volleyed and thundered; Stormed at with threat and sneer Our M.P. quais with fear, Though he fails to see where He has blundered.


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