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THE HARVEST. The harvest being now completed, we have ap- plied to prominent agriculturists in Montgomery- shire and Radnorshire to supply us with their opinion on the following points, tor publication in the Express:- i.f he probable yield, cereals and root crops. 2.—The prospects with regard to keep for stock during the coming winter, and how they compare with previous year-. 3.— the financial prospects of the farmer. Are they better or worse than they were a year ago ? 4.-Any suggestions calculated to benefit agri- culturists. The following replies have been received, in addition to those published in our two previous issues. Some of the writers' names are omitted at their request. XVII. 11 answer to your cnqu ry a t. thA probable yield of the cereal crops it is very difficult to estimate as I yet so little ot them being threshed, but, what has been has tr.rnert out very well There will be quite all average of Oats and Barley, bur. the straw is very fine and short. The Wheat pl..t was nearly every- where about here very thin, aud did not hold much caning. E irly sown Swedes came up well, but are now at a standstill aud are suffering from mildew. Later sownoues nON took healtuy with luxuriant leaves, but have small root- as yet. Turnips doing very well. The meadow hay crop was VerI light., not one. third of a crop, when cut earlv the aftermath has done very well. C overs on thd wt.ole have been good with pplendid aftermaths. Several second crops have oeeu cut and harvested. Harvesting litter has been the order of the day, fern rushes, etc., to avoid using any straw for beddivg. I am afraid most of us will have to be very careful of all the fod- der we have to tide over the ocming winter, as we cannot sell any store cattle at anythi If; like remu. nerative prices, and the pastures beiag very bare will necessitate the stock being lake i in early- many farmers taking advantage of the oarly harvest and continued dry weather in cleaning stubbles, and in a few instances of putting in rfe, vetches, etc., but we cannot expect much bulky food from them. ine prospect is not a as the farmer will certainly have to provide moRey other than that made 0'11 the farm for the last three years to meet his payments. The price of wool and store stock serious- ly affects the upland farmer. I don't think the price of corn is of much importance to him, as what little is grown is nearly always consumed on the farm. I am g-lad to sea a movement is made to indnce the Scotch feeder to come to Wales for bis lean stock, as we have a lot of well-bred and healthy young cattle very suitable for fattening. I have no suggestions to offel" that I know of that would benefit agriculturists, unless it was to stop all importations of live cattle, because if disease was to come among our herds it would be the last straw on the back of the already overburdened farmer. E. Llandinam. XVIII. 1. Cereals and roots are wonderfully good in this district. Wheat, Barley, and Oats must be oon. sidered about an average crop, and promises to yield well, although little has been thrashed yet. Potatoes a full crop, swedes and Mangold are better generally than any district I have seen, although the earliest sown seem to stop growing and are ripening flist The late sown have more bulk, and are still improv- ing. 2. Respecting keep for stock, etc. Meadow Hay is not more than half a crop. Clover better, especially in the more hilly districts. Pastures very bare, and stock will have to be housed early, to live on straw aud roots chiefly. 3. The financial prospects of the farmer must be decidedly worse, as the price of all produce of the farm is ruinously low. 4. I nave no practical suggestions to make under this question, other than rent and rates are high al- though some of the large landowners return 10 to 12 per cent. Rates are heavy payments, and should by some means be reduced. Wages are still high con- sidering the numbers that are walking about idle, which could be employed on the land if we had the money to pay them. EVAN CHAPMAN. Morfodion, Llanidloes. XIX. 1. Wheat does not bulk well after carting the ears are splendid. I think the yield will be: under the average. The wheat weighs weli, and an excellent sample, the kernel being very plump. Barley-Very little sown hereabout, and that is light. OatS) now and then a good field of oats. On the whole short in straw, and will not bulk well. Under average yield. Peas-L*ttle sown. Too dry for peas. Swedes-A few good fields, on the whole the leaves nearly cover the ground, and with a fine Autumn the bulbs may grow to a fairly good size. Mildew sets in. Pota. toes as far as I have seen ara good, the rows without blanks. The writer has a splendid lot of magnum bonums planted in the middle of April. Very large and free from disease. Fruit-Apples abundant. Stone fruit very plentiful. Cider making in full swing. 2 The prospects with regard to keep for stock are gloomy and dreary in the extreme. Now and then a good ÍÎeld of red clover, but does not cart well. Hay crop 30 to 40 per cent below an average, and pastures are burnt up and bare I notice in my rambles about the country, an un;qoe phenomenon—erstwhile the quondam occupiers of rickyards have absconded, I no aoubt, like other delinquents, to escape doing duty as provender for stock during the ensuing winter. I can draw no parallel between this year, and any year within my remembrance. In my opin- ion there is no analogy betwixt this year and any other year. This year is the beginning of the end; disaster on disaster, and insolvency staring the far- mers in the face. o. ihe foregoing remarks anticipates this query. Ttere is no juxtaposition betwixt this year and the year 1879, which was a very bad one. The farmers then hid a little money in their purees, but now, ala-s the last farthing is spent. Prof. James Long says there is a plentiful hay crop in Canada and the south western states of America; but as farmers cannot sell their stock, and they have no money in their purses, it is as useless as a child crying for the moon. 4. I now come to number fonr, on which, I will make some observations, and offer two suggestions calculated to benefit my brother farmers. Our friend Mr Miiler says that our legislators and statesmen should set to work to find out some remedy for the farmers difficulties. I think Mr Miller need not go so far a-fidld to find a remedy. i will try to point out to my brother farmers, as succintly and as plain as I can, two practical sug- gestions for their careful consideration, and immedi- ate adoption, if they should consider them feasible. After a long and painful study of the Land Laws for over fifty years, and of careful observation, read-, ing, and reflection thereon, I have arrived at the oon- viction that I am right. I have arrived at this COB- cmsirmm tne mce of "great oppositi-ja rrnicii wouioi tend to cause me to take another view. My first suggestion is, let the farmer^ convene a conference to be held in Bome central place mott convenient, and let the farmers move a resolution to the effect that rents should be reduced permanently bj one- half, and not make temporary abatements, with the ¡ intention of keeping up the oid rack rent on the first sign of improvements in prices of farm produce. Then let the farmers sign a round robin. If the landlords refuse to grant the suggested reduction of rent, then let the farmers absolutely refuse in a body to pay the next forthcoming hili'-yiar's rent. Union is strength. Let the farmers form a farmers' Union, and their demands will be irresistible. The foregoing to pay the next forthcoming hili'-yiar's rent. Union is strength. Let the farmers form a farmers' Union, and their demands will be irresistible. The foregoing suggestion would bring matters to a crisis, and would be of immediate relief. Lady Talbot's tenantry adopted a similar course, and why not the tenant farmers of Montgomeryshire ? My second sugges- tion would be more difficult of accomplishment, be- cause more dilatory. I shall make a few statements under this head, and leave my readers, if I shall have any, to draw their own conclusions. Paren- thetically I beg most respectfully to call the most careful attention of my brother-farmers to the evi- dence of Mr Walter B. C. Jones, land agent, before the Land Commission, at Dolgelley, on Thursday week. There is a combination of landlords Tenant farmers go and do likewise. Brother-farmers, com- bine, combine, combine. Your salvation is in combi- nation in one solid phalanx, and then your demands will be irresistible. Roughly, the total number of landowners in the United Kingdom are placed at 150.000, the tenant farmers at 1,100,000, and labourers five millions, over six million gain their living by the land-one land- owner to every 220 persons, henoe land is a monopo- ly. Belgium has the poorest soil in Europe, yet it has double population to the square mile that Eng- land has. It is said that no stranger is cheated in Norway, but I do not know is it so, because there are no landlords in Norway. It is generally said I that there are three interests in English land the landlord's, the tenant's, and the labourer's; but I say there's a fourth, the interest of the nation, tor whom the other three are trustees merely, during good be- haviour. Two of our trustees are incapable, and ought to be dismissed, or closely supervised. Why should not the duties of three trustees be done by one trustee ? A* British landlaws infest no other land, I suppose that a tenant farmer is indigenous to our favoured isle. Dismiss two trustees, and then the whole benefit would become the property of the one remaining trustee. No number of no rights can ever make a right. At what rate per annum does wrong become right? No less a sum than.9150,000,000 land rent and royalties are paid yearly to landlords of the United Kingdom. The payment of this huge rent of land does not increase by one jot the labour power of man, or the fertility of the soil. The on- receives without producing; the others pr >duee without receiving. The one is unjustly enriched; the others are robbed. It is the continuous increase of rent, the price that labour pays for the use of the land, which strips the many of the wealth they justly earn, to pile it up in the hands of the few who do nothing to earn it. As I cannot but just touch the fringe of this most important question. I will close my remarks with one more request to the farmers, that they will read, learn, and inwardly digest" what I have written. REFORMER. September 18th, 1893. xx. 1st. Wheat was a fair average crop, and will probably yield well. The quantity sown in this dis- trict is, however, sm-Lll, and some fields were well nigh a total failure. Barley is the best cereal crop of the year, and will doubtless yield well. Oats, far below the average, poor bulk of straw, and the quality on light soils inferior. Very little peas sown, but where sown, an excellent crop. The whole secured in good condition. Root crops Potatoes vary con- siderably. The long continued drought retarded- indeed, prevented-their growth on light soils. The disease has as usual made its appearance. Swedes, where sown early, promised well, but are now almost invariably attacked by mildew. The late sown are nothing but leaves. Mangolds have done well. 2nd. The prospects with regard to winter keep for stock are exceedingly gloomy. Hay was only a third, and in some instanoes only a fourth, of the usus, crop. Clover, a trifle better. The aftermath can scarcely be called luoh, and the grass land generally is about as bare as might be expected two months hence. The bulk of straw, too, is very small, but its good condition, together with that of the hay, M some consolation. The food will be little and good, but there are many months for it, as store stock remain unsold, no demand. 3rd. The financial prospects of the farmer are worse than they were a year ago because wages are higher, and thtprioM of all stock, pigs excepted, are lower. 4th. A reduction in local rates, to be attained by a reduction of the po.ice torce propcrtiona:e to the reduction in population the abolition of the wcrk. house system, or at least by the amalgamation of workhonsfs in Montgomeryshire. A more equitable as^-e-'sment to local rates. While farmers generally are rated to the hilt, the residences aud dfmesnes of the nobility are assessed at a mere nominal sum a termanent reduction of from 30 to 50 per cent in reat- proportionate to the prices of grain and stock irreater security of tenure and compensation for im- provements less game preserving, if not the abohtioa of the game laws and extended technical education. Bettws. T. HAMER JONES,