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----THE FARMERS' CIRCLE.

ANTHRAX.

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COLLIERS.

THE SUMMEK OF 1818.

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MARKETS. J

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ANTHRAX.

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Ivenient place for isolation, and should be examined every day for a week. If a rise of temperature is discovered in any of the isolated animals it should be removed from the rest, and if further symptoms of anthrax develop, the animal should be immediately slaughtered and buried. Slaughter of healthy animals in contact is only justifiable under special circumstances, i.e., where the animals are fat and fit for the butcher, or when the animals are few in number and of little value, or the disease spreads rapidly and there are no means of proper isolation. Antiseptics, such as hyposulphite of soda, have been administered to the in.contact animals with apparent advantage, and some practical men are in favour of bleeding largely in cattle to the extent of four or five quarts. These measures should, however, ouly be carried out under the advice and direction of a veterinary surgeon, and with regard to these and other preventive mea- sures it may be said that it is impossible to determine the degree of efficacy which they possess, owing to the fact that anthrax fre- quently ceases after the loss of a few animals. inoculation on the system recommended by II. Pasteur could not be adopted except by an expert accustomed to operate, but the results of the operation when tried experi- mentally in this and some other countries have not been of such a nature as would warrant the Board in recommending it to stock owners as a means of dealing with out- breaks of anthrax. DISPOSAL OF CAKCASES. Carcases of animals that have died or been slaughted affected with anthrax should be dealt with in accordance with the provisions of the Anthrax Order of 1892. The carcase of every animal that was at the time when it died or was slaughtered affected with anthrax shall be disposed of by the local authority. With a view to the execution of the provisions of the Article the local authority may make such Regulations as they think fit for prohibiting or regulating tho removal of any carcase, or for securing the burial or destruction of the same. Any method of destroying or disposing of the carcases which involves skinning or cutting up should be avoided, as the disease is likely to be spread thereby and, in addition, people engaged in such work run a very serious risk of being inoculated with the disease. CLEANSING AND DISINFECTION. Then follow the provisions of the Anthrax Order as regards the cleansing and disin- fection of premises in which cases of anthrax have occurred. In regard to the disinfection of fields and like places in which animals affected with anthrax have died or been slaughtered, there are serious difficulties which cannot be completely removed. A top dressing of lime is the most simple method which can be employed, and after a month or six weeks the lands may be restocked. But it must be understood that a certain degree of risk is incurred even after a much longer interval. and occasion- ally it has been found impossible to render contaminated land safe. In the majority of cases, however, the plan suggested will be effectual.