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THE COUNTRY AND the LJRDS. The following circular, formally approved on Tuef- day, is about to be i&sued by the National Literal Federation to the Federated Associations:— "The rejection of the Home Bule Bill by the House of Lords net only marks another stage in tbe history of the Irish question, but has bearin H n "u system of Parliamentary government so important as to call for very careful consideration by the Feie, ed Liberal Associations, For seven years the Home Rule question has been subjected to a discussion in the constituencies more full, more thorough, and more sustained than was ever before given to a political proposal. In July of last year Mr Gladstone came into power with a clear mandate to deal with che subject, and after a discussion in the Commons of unprecedented length the Bill passed its third reading, being aceepted by the popularly elected Chamber as a moderate, comprehensive and states- manlike measure, demanded alike in the best in- terests of Great Britain and Ireland. The House of Lords, loud in their protestation that the measure had not been adequately discussed, gave four days to the Bill, and rejected it by a majority of ten to one. Seven years of discussion in the country, eigh'y-twu days of consideration in the House of Commons, the definitely ascertained wishes of over two million electors, are all to count for nothing when opposed to the views of some four hundred Conservative peers, representing tbemeetves alone, and for the most part assembled together merely by virtue of their being sous of their fathers. Little more than a year ago the coercion Ministry appealtd to the ooun ry and were decisively ejected from office. Yet Lo, d Salis- bury and his colleagues to-day override the verdict which was pronounced against them at the polls, and arrogate to themselves a paramount authority in the State. The play of various portions of our Constitu- tion which Lord Salisbury threatened has now been set in motion, and the permanent Tory majority in the House of Lords is now pitted n gainst the popu- larly elected majority in the House of Commons. Speaking to the members of the Federation on the oc- casion of the great Newcastle meetings two years ago, Mr Gladstone said if Lord Salisbury's threats should be carried out they (the Lords)' will raise a question which will take prece<!euee of every other question, because upon that alone will depend whether this country was, or was not, a self-govern- ing country, or whether, on the contrary, thera was a power not upon the Throne or behind the Throne. but between the Throne and the people, that would atop altogether the aotion of a constitutional machine. That issue baa now been raised, aud the question of the mending or ending of the House ot Lords, which had a subordinate place in the New- castle programme, may before long, as Mr Gladit,,ne then forecast, displace for awhile all other suojects of reform and cry aloud for vigorous and unflinching treatment. If the House of Lords is faithful to its traditions and practice it will capitulate. If not, we of the Liberal party will enter ou a light of which » e shall not be afraid. For the present we entirely re. jeot the pretensions of the Peers to the right to force a ditsolatioa, aad we look with confidence to the Government to go forward with those reforms for ivhich the country is waiting. The ingrained dislike of the Upper House to all progression has been t x- hibited this year, even before the rejection of tht- Home Rule Bill. How far they will venture to fur- ther float the popular will remains to be sean. To an true Liberals the political situation is fall of en- couragement. Home Rule fcas pa-Bed the Houee of Commons, and, rejected by the H, -use of L >rds, is doubly certain to become law. The Ministry is strong, its supporters in Parliament are loyal, the pro- gramme is sound. Ouroppouents have played their last stake, and if we procee < with courage and deter- mination not only will the Irish question be settled, but a re d era of reform wi i b ut-°n for the democracy of the Unite I Kingdom." At the Congregational Union of qo,it), C arnarvon- shire a strong relOl. i n was una < U Y parsed condemning most emphatically he H se f Lords for going against the renl ion i t c untry i (ejecting the Home Bale Bill, a d h 1 we consi the vote merely a n minal one, p red by part' motives, F, nd we look upon lastFrid nigt.t's uncon- stitutional action as a to the world f the antagonism between the represeLtatives of the electorate and the h*;rt«iuary k- -'< ber, nd as one further and powerful Hreruuir>nt against the continu- ance of the Upper House, which represents only pro. perty privileges." The West Merioneth Presbytery at its last meet- ing condemned the recent action of the Lords in this resolution That we re^ivt U,, itij ts, ice done to the youths of this coun ry hy the action of the House of Lsrda pr.yyiej that her Alxje-ty *h uld withhold her oonsent to certain .*eotinna of he Merionethshire Intermediate and Technical Education Scheme, thereby indefinitely postponing a scheme already too long delayed from coming into operation. And, fur- ther, we who are the actual r^li^ioua instructors of 40 per cent. of the population of thi* I-pirt of the county, which compria s more than half the popula- tion of the whole county, viz., 37,692 out of 64,725 de- sire to renew the declaration of our convictiou that the provisions under the sections objectjd to, em- bodying as theydothe ot u i Lie *•>oiicouformifrt bodies, who form the grcut majority ot the p opie here, furnish the only workable course to secure ti e united family worship of all sections of Christians alike, and so are tbe bes' to promote tn» religious in-, terests of the youths to be ben< fi e.) under tbe »i titillie."