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HIE FARMERS' CIRCLE. (BY ONE WITHIN IT.) The plague of wasps in Essex Is growing worse, and bands of men are being organised in various places to destroy the insects. At Great Baddow, near Chelmsford, where sad havoc has been played with the fruit crop, seven gardeners have, during the last few evenings, destroyed upwards of 300 nests. A few days ago a horse, valued at £35. belonging to Mrs Longrigg, Slapestone House, Battlebarrow, Appleby, was grazing in a field near Bandley, when it came in contact with a couple of wasps' nests. The horso getting its head near one of the nests, the wasps at once swarmed cn to the animal and stung it in a frightful manner. Its head was swollen very much. The poor beast has since succumbed. Several serious attacks on both men and horses are reported from Cambridgeshire. SHEEP SALES. The sheep sales of the present season are sufficiently far advanced to enable us to form i tairiy reliable opinion of the trade for breeding i nd store stock. In all probability tle demand and prices run pret y much as was gene; allv anticipated. The season is iei her the b st nor the worst on record. In fact, the markets are quite as remunerative as the s-ta e of agriculture in other depart- u-Miis cl sely allied with the sheep trade warrant us in expecting. At most of the ¡t;reut sale- and lettings of rams, private and public, very good returns have been obtained The best dabs of pedigreed sheep have, as usual, suffered least from the depressed Mtate of matters agricultural. A little touch of fancy rarely fails to slacken the purse- strings of the enthusiastic breeder, and this year the fancy element has been pressed in almost its usual force. It is safe to draw this conc lusion when we find prices for rams approach or run into the three figures, and those for ewes exceed the single Several instances* of such liberality on the part of buyers are forthcoming, more especially in regard to the popular Shropshire, and a few breeders have been fortunate enough to re- ceive an average of over 20 guineas for their year's crop of rams. The majority of aver- ,I e for mis class of sheep still keep into double figures, while many ewe averages r,u:g • fro u taree to five or even more guin- eas. So lo g as these prices obtain, pedigree 1, e(i p I ar, i, in, cannot fail to hold a foremost position n Biitish agriculture. For ordinary classes of sheep, store and breeding, prices remain at about last year's moderate figures, varying slightty according to the prospects of winter keep in the various localities. PRESERVING ROOTS. Turnip storing is in some parts, by virtue of the expensive and tender nature of the crop, coupled with the cold and exposed character of the locality, a matter of great concern. In fact, the securing of the root crop is looked upon as one of the chief oper- ations that fall to be performed, after the corn and potatoes have been safely removed from the fields. Where such is the enforced practice the means of preserving the roots against frosts, decay, etc., has formed the subject of considerable inquiry and observa- tion But, as in aunt cases of the kind. no one definite method has been decided upon. On different farms different methods have been successfully tried with the somewhat perplexing result that several metliodd are recommended. Swedes are generally found to preserve their substance and freshness longer than the common turnip. Therefore, although both can be kept quite fresh for several months, it would be better to arrange that the turnipR be consumed first, letting the swedes stand over for use in spring. The storing operation usually begins about the middle or end of November, and may be prosecuted on every suitable day thereafter until it has been completed. The tops and tails should be removed, and the bulbs either thrown into heaps of cartload size on the field, and covered with earth to the depth of two to threo inches, according to the liability of the district to frosts; or carted into long rows or pits at the steading, or wherever desired. In the latter case, straw slightly blended with earth is frequently employed for covering, but earth alone may be used. In either case the roots must be laid in in a thoroughly dry state, otherwise SiI. cess need not be looked to. We have k I" wn roots to be successfully preserved with the tops on if stored in a thoroughly drv condition. There are several other sys- tems in force, but none are more effective than those we have mentioned. If you wish to protect the crop on the ground for sheep, that is done by running the plough along the drill so that the fur- row is turned over on, or close enough to, the roots to cover them. The tops need not (us covered, as they, if ordinarily rank, act m a safe preventive against attacks of frost. a n.v farmers prefer this method of protect- g he entire crowd. They claim that it is ighly effective, while it is speedy and inex- pensiYd. The roots, however, would require o be dug out for the sheep, so as to save the animals disagreeable labour and avoid probable waste. L I



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