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THE EVICTION OF THE GOVERNMENT. THE "No Confidence" debate which commenced in the House of Commons on Monday and concluded on Thursday evening resulted, as everyone anticipated, in the defeat of the Government. The universal opinion of the debate itself has been that it was a tedious but necessary formality which had to be performed before the strength of the parties after the general election could be officially registered; but the inter- est in the issue to which the debate pointed was most intense. As the climax ap- proached the House became more and more crowded, until when amid a great scene of excitement the actual figures of the division were announced, it was possible to account for every single member of the House of Commons. The figures were-For the Gov- ernment 310, against 350; majority against 40,—so that deducting the SPEAKER, the four tellers, Messrs. WINTERBOTHAM and WHAR- TON ill and paired, two vacant seats, and Mr CURRAN, in Australia, the entire House of 670 members is accounted for. The decis- ion registered on Thursday evening means of course the resignation of the Conservative Government—which has had a remarkable and in some respects a useful career, not- withstanding its coercive policy in Ireland— and the return to office of the GRAND OLD MAN, who for the past six years has laboured incessantly for this object. The majority which is behind him is not perhaps so powerful numerically as was generally expected, and during the progress of the election some disappointment was felt and expressed at the tedious character of the Liberal gains, though when we consider the decisive majority with which the present Administration commenced its term of office the change throughout the country in favour of the Gladstonian policy, against which at first such a strong prejudice existed, must appear enormously great. The friends of the present Government are rejoicing in the hope that the majority at the back of Mr GLADSTONE will not enable him to carry on for any length of time; but it may be that the smallness of the majority instead of dimin- ishing will increase the length of his tenure of office. This hope is justified by the solidity of the vote given on Thursday night. It is true, as Mr CHAMBERLAIN tauntingly remarked, that the present majority is made up of various sections, but however much split up they may be, they are all so thoroughly sick of the SALISBURY-BALEOTJR- HARTINGTON-CHAMBERLAIN administration that they may be safely trusted to combine in face of the common enemy. Besides, the Liberal party has ever been composed of several elements, and because of its constant initiative and progression has always been much more difficult to keep together than the Conservatives, which has in the main only had a negative policy to put before the country. At present there is every prospect of the Liberal forces being preserved intact, and the very fact that the majority is so small will make each section all the more careful to refrain from any course which might unnecessarily cause a rent in the party. Now that the Liberals are at last in office again, we naturally turn to inquire what is the programme to be laid by them before the country. Officially that programme has not been declared, but its general tenour, if not its exact details, are already well understood. Mr. GLADSTONE has first of all to form a ministry, a task not at all easy in the presence of so many claims for reward and so many classes to be represented, but the task may be safely left with one who is by a long way the oldest and most experienced cabinet maker in England. Then after the formation of a ministry we shall have a decisive declaration of policy. The first place of course must be assigned to Home Rule. That is necessary on account of the pledges given by the Liberal leaders from time to time, and apart from such pledges, on account of the intrinsic urgency of the question. Whatever may be the present fate of the Bill which wiil be introduced, Home Rule is one of the cer- tainties of the future. It has pushed its way forward so far, and has gained such a strong following in Ireland, Wales, and Scotland, that the Conservatism and master- fulness of English opinion is bound ultimately to give way. Then, next in point of impor- tance, comes the question—ever dear to the hearts of the Welsh people-of religious equality. For the attainment of this our forefathers have suffered and died, and the present generation with awakened national life have pressed unceasingly forward and now the sacrifice and effort are rewarded by their seeing only one measure of reform- though that is a truly great one—standing between them and the realisation of their long-cherished hopes. The advocates of religious favouritism may talk about the strides the Church of England is making, but we shall be disappointed if the ministry of Mr. GLADSTONE retires from office without having taken some definite step towards the passing of Disestablishment and Disendowment for Wales. After these come a host of what we may truly call the great questions of the future—questions in which the interests of the working classes are inextricably bound up, and the proper solution of which is of the greatest moment to the future of the state. In the new Parliament the Labour party is stronger 'I, than it lias ever been before, and without the smallest doubt it is destined to gTOíY until it may ultimately become the leading power in the country. It is gratifying to find that this section has thrown in its lot with the general party led by Mr GLADSTONE. In the past the working classes of England have had to look for their measures of justice and reform to the party which Mr GLADSTONE at present so worthily represents; and it will be a sad thing indeed if ties which have existed so long have to be sundered. What- ever happens, however, the claims of labour must be adequately recognised, and attention paid to the great social problems which earnest men of all parties must feel to be of paramount importance, and which are at present attracting—and will in the future do so to an even greater extent-the anxious thought and labour of the best men in the country. As to how these matters will be dealt with it is now impossible to say. For some time the great problem of Home Rule must engage almost the whole attention of the new Government, and all their strength will be required to secure its satisfactory solution. For the present therefore we must be content to remember that the Conservative ministry has been— as it much more deserved to be than many a poor Irish tenant-" evicted" from its holding, and that Mr GLADSTONE is about to take once again the reins of office into his hands, supported by a substantial majority of loyal followers.



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