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CAMPAIGN AGAINST CONSUMPTION…
CAMPAIGN AGAINST CONSUMPTION County Meeting Supports the National Memorial Scheme. Called by Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn, as Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire, a "county public meeting" took place at one o'clock last Saturday afternoon in the Council Chamber of the Welshpool Town -Hall, to support the Welsh Anti-Tubercu- losis Campaign, which will be the national memorial to the late King. All the local speeches were marked by a businesslike, earnest desire that Montgomeryshire shall do its share handsomely in the campaign, which Mr David Davies, M.P., has com- menced. SIR WATKIN PUZZLED:. OUR BOUNDEN DUTY." Sir Watkin had a hearty reception in rising to open the meeting. The idea, he said, is to see how Wales from north to south can best unite in perpetuating the memory of our late Kng Edward VII. Even now there is a great barrier between North and South Wales. They look upon them- selves in many ways as different peoples. The south is almost entirely mineral—they gain most of their livelihood from the min- erals. North Wales is largely agricultural. But still we are all Wales, and we all want, if possible, to do honour to our late King with a memorial from the Welsh people generally (hear, hear, and applause). The only feasible suggestion made at the recent conference at Shrewsbury was that of Mr David Davies,-(applause)-one I my- self cordially agree with—that the best memorial would be, not a memorial in one particular district, not a statue to be put Up at Cardiff or Carnarvon, but something that would be really for the benefit of the Welsh people (hear, hear). And nothing commended itself more than to wage war on that terrible scourge, which is spreading throughout the whole country, that is tuber- culosis or consumption (hear, hear). Wales is one of the blackest spots in the United Kingdom for consumption,. Perhaps many of you, like myself, did not know that point, until it has been brought prom- inently before our notice now. Why it should be I don't quite know. But with all our hills and fresh air it seems curious that consumption should commit such ravages amongst us. But here we are. And there it is! And it's our bounden duty to do What we can for the good and health of the People generally (hear, hear). We hear a great deal of what we do for our souls. We build churches and chapels. We do a great deal with education in schools. But up to the present very little has been done for the health of the people generally. Possibly that is quite as im- portant a matter to look after as anything thing else (hear, hear). THE CASE OF THOUSANDS OF I COTTAGES. The following resolution was proposed by Mr Hugh Lewis:— That this meeting of inhabitants of the County of Montgomery heartily ap- prove of the proposal for a National Memorial to King Edward VII. (to pni- brace the whole of Wales and Mon- mouthshire) in the form of an anti- tuberculosis campaign, and hereby pledges itself to do everything in its power to further this movement, by the collection of funds within this county, and in carrying out the object aimed at." This great scheme, said Mr Lewis, may be truly called national. It will unite the 'Whole of Wales, Conservatve and Liberal, Church and chapel, rich and poor in com- memorating the life of a great King by bringing health and vitality to the nation (hear, hear, and applause). We are proud that it is due to a Montgomeryshire family that a scheme of this magnitude can be successfully carried out (hear, hear, and applause). We are proud of their princely hospitality, and proud that our County Member has thrown himself with such en- thusiasm and zeal into this great scheme (applause). The great thing is to bring home to the people of Wales that the dread disease of tubercufosis can be cured. But there are thousands of cottages in this beautiful country of ours amongst the hills and dales, in which the blessings of fresh air are not appreciated, and where very often the win- dows are not made to open. The task of bringing this home to the people is so great that it has made some people luke- warm. I have heard people say, It's- not a bit of good. People will have their own way!" But so much has been accom- plished that the task is not. hopeless. Deaths from consumption have fallen from 29 per 1,000 in 1878 to 16.5 in 1905 (applause). That shows what education and the spread- ing of the knowledge of the advantages of fresh air will do. We are spending a great deal in properly ventilating our school- rooms,—(Mr David Davies: Hear, hear)— and it is an object-lesson to the children and to future generations. Since German insurance laws have given legal claim during sickness to the poor, it has become pecuniarily profitable to start a vigorous campaign, which has been so successful that consumption is very quickly being wiped out in Germany. What has been accomplished in Germany, surely can be accomplished in Wales.—(Mr David Davies: Hear, hear). THE POOR THEMSELVES CANNOT DO IT." Although we are talked about in different places as sleepy Llanfyllin," said Mr J. Marshall Dugdale, seconding the resolution, we are not so behind the times now (laugh- ter and applause). There are 43 people col- lecting from house to house on behalf of this memorial (applause). I should like to have seen the extinction of cancer men- tioned in the same breath. I don't know in my own district whether consumption or cancer is the worst enemy. Going around, as I have dome canvassing, I have come to a place where there are a lot of children, and one consumptive .amongst them. That is the sort of thing we want to deal with—to get these consump- tive children away from the healthy chil- dren to some place where they will be looked after and well treated. The poor themselves cannot do it. Very offen the owners of the cottages cannot give enough accommodation for the number of children. At present the housing system is one of the most important things to consider. I am not going to enter into it to-day, because others are going to speak. Now we have three or four lots of people to provide cot- tages for. We have the young people when they marry-they don't want a big house. We have the widows—they don't want a big house. We have the old-age pensioners who are coming out of the workhouses- thank Heaven!—(applause, laughter, and smiles)—and going into cottages again they don't want a big cottage. The men with moderate families want helping. And there are those with large families. And these are the difficulties (loud laughter). Legislation, as at present, does not help them much., They have to help themselves, and very often there is over-crowding. Toj my mind what can be done is to help those people who own cottages to put on extra rooms, if they will undertake in writing that they will not raise the rent of those cottages (laughter and smiles). And if they raise the rent afterwards, that they will re- fund to the authorities or to the Govern- ment the sum that it cost to build this extra room. That is a practical suggestion I throw out. The Chairman at this stage announced a telegram from Lord Kenyon, regretting in- ability to fulfil his engagement to attend and speak. "He has taken a very active part in the same movement in Shropshire, and I am sure would have given us some useful advice."—(Mr David Davies: Hear, hear). CAN DEAL WITH THE SCOURGE, PROVIDED— Dr Arthur Latham next spoke. The ad- vances that have been made in the medical knowledge of this disease during the last ten of fifteen years have been so great, he said, that we are now in a position to deal with the scourge, provided that we get the LTOvernment. or municipal auinoriues, or still better, the people themselves to take the question up. Certainly the projected movement in Wales is by a long way the most important in this particular direction that we have had in the English Kingdom (applause). At the present day we know the cause of consumption. We can prevent it. We can detect its presence. And, if we are given a chance, in the great majority of cases we can cure it (applause). I would state as emphatically as I know how that consumption is in no way, whether directly or indirectly, a hereditary disease. Consumption is undoubtedly due to the presence of a minute micro-organism it is known as the tubercule bacillus. There are several forms-some derived from cattle, some from the human race, and also from other sources. No matter what degree of health a man may have, no matter how robust his constitution, if he receives a suffi- cient dose of the tuberculosis bacilli, he will undoubtedly contract consumption or some other form of tuberculosis. ONE MAN, AND ANOTHER. The readiness with which he becomes a prey to the tuberculosis bacilli depends to a very large extent upon his capacity for resisting disease. It is a precise parallel with the parable of the sower. If a man is healthy, if he lives under healthy and de- cent conditions, when the tubercular bacilli are in his neighbourhood, he does not fall a prey. The seeds falls on stony ground. If, on the other hand, a man's health is un- dermined by insanitary conditions—to which allusion has just been made, by disease, by alcoholic excess, by semi-starvation and what not, well, the tuberculosis bacilli falls on very fruitful ground, and the disease is the inevitable result. So it is quite clear that in any campaign against consumption, the general health of the nation is of the utmost importance. If the housing of the poor, or if the arrangements for sufficient open-air spaces within towns, are satisiac- tory, well, then-there is much less chance of the tubercular bacillus getting hold of the people. And that was put into words by the poet Cowper many years ago, when he said that God made the country, and men made the town." It is stated by the medical officer of the Local Government Board that no less than 20 per cent. of the milk supply of this coun- try contains living, virulent bacilli, which are capable of dealing death to those who drink them. That means one glass out of five seld across the counter in England and Wales to-day contains tubercular bacilli. The American Government analyst has found that in no less a proportion than one in ten of butter examined living tubercular bacilli are found. The remedy is very sim- ple. Provided the products of the cow are subjected to a temperature of 140 degrees Fahrenheit for twenty minutes, no tuber- cular baccillus will live, and the germs of the disease will be destroyed. It does not entail anything like the' expense of en- deavouring to remove all tuberculous cows from these islands would do. CRIMINAL MILK-SELLING. But I venture to say, when we have such a simple remedy for protecting us from the seeds of deadly disease like this, it ought to be a criminal offence to sell milk which contains living tubercular bacilli (hear, hear). The other sources of consumption are the consumptive people in England and Wales. Consumption is definitely an infective or in- fectious disease. But I don't want you to run away with the idea that every con- sumptive is necessarily a menace to his neighbours, and that he must be treated as a leper, because if that idea is carried out too far, we shall be doing a great injustice to many suffering persons. A man who has consumption, but who spits up no tubercu- lar bacilli, is not a danger in any way to anyone with whom he is brought into con- tact. The man, on the other hand, who is spitting up a large number of tubercular bacilli, is a constant menace to those with whom he is brought into contact. But if a man is not careless and will carry out sim- ple rules, then the dangers of infections are very, very small. Therefore, if we are to deal "with consumption in anything like a comprehensive way, we must have even- tually-and the sooner the better—compul- sory notification of the disease (hear, hear, and applause). DISPENSARIES TO DETECT. And we must also have some method for detecting the disease at its earliest possible stage. Hospitals, as conducted as present, are not up-to-date from the point of view of detecting consumption. If we are to do anything with regard to this crusade, I am certain from my experience in various coun- tries that it is absolutely necessary to es- tablish anti-tuberculosis dispensaries. A dispensary is comparatively cheap, costing from 9-500 to perhaps P,1,000 a year, and. serving something like 300,000 population, and capable of attending to 18,000 patients a year. The workingman can go there at any time—after his work is over. If the disease is detected, the nurse and the doctor attached to the dispensary visit the home. The wife, the children, and everybody brought into contact with the infected in- dividual are carefully examined. And in that way, in the dispensaries already es- tablished, no less than 40 or 50 per cent. of cases are detected in an early and curable stage., whereas by other methods they are allowed to drift on to an incurable stage. Further, the dispensary sees that the home is adequately disinfected, and the patient is properly trained as to what he is to do with the expectoration, so that he ceases to be a danger to others. And, as far as Possible, the dispensary aids a person who is ill by getting him into a sanatorium or elsewhere, and putting into action all the other voluntary associations, so there is no overlapping, and everything possible is done to the sufferer. It is a reflection on Eng- land and Wales that at the present time we have only one dispensary of this des- cription-at Paddington. STATE RAILWAYS SANATORIA. When you turn to what is done by sana- torium treatment, you :find that in the Prussian State railways sanatoria of the pa- tients discharged in 1900 at the end of the sanatorium treatment, not less than 53 per cent. were able to earn their own living in enjoyment of full working capacity at the end of five years. The value of sanatorium treatment is not confined to the individual at the sanatorium (hear, hear). Wherever a sanatorium is established, for a radius of ten miles around people learn to keep windows open and live more healthy lives (hear, hear). In addition, you find that the majority of men who derive so much bene- fit from the sanatorium treatment, are sent out as missionaries of health, and they do an enormous amount of good (hear, hear, and applause). Therefore, sanatoria are a very potent factor in any scheme for the prevention of consumption, perhaps more potent for the prevention than for the cure. We have a population of consumptives in England and .Wales of 250,000 to 300,000. I should estimate that you have in Wales to the number of at least 12,000. We have 1,500 beds for sanatoria treatment at the present time. Our accomodation amounts to 1 or perhaps 1! per cent. of what we 2 want. HOW MANY CAN AFFORD TO PAY ? But supposing we had more sanatorium accommodation, how many can afford to pay the necessary fees ? (hear, hear). There are 43,000,000 people in the United Kingdom. Only 2,000,000 of those, have an income of over £ 400 a year. Twenty-eight millions have an income of about E160-and they ob- viously would require assistance for any lengthy treatment. And there are 13,000,000 people in the country who are absolutely unable to afford a single penny if they be- come victims to this disease. So it is clear, if we are going to do anything with regard to consumption, we must have some form of insurance, whether voluntary or national. so that a man can insure himself against consumption, so that, when he does by chance suffer from consumption, he is in a position to obtain the treatment (aplause). I have it worked out actuarially, and I find that if everybody in this country from the age of 15 upwards was to contribute id a week, he would be in a position to obtain the necessary treatment for six months at a sanatorium. In England and Wales we have from all forms of tuberculosis 60,000 deaths a year, about one death every ten minutes. In Wales and Monmouthshire alone you have lost in the last ten vears 36.669 npnnlp In 1900, the loss was 3,650 in 1904, 3,742 in 1908, 3,754 in 1909, 3,611, so that prac- tically speaking, for the last ten years you have been absolutely stationary with regard to this disease. Also in Wales, at least one person in ten dies from consumption, which makes it emphatically worth while from the sentimental point of view to do what we can to get rid of this curse (applause). MONEY TALKS." In a great movement of this kind, unfor- tunately, sentiment is not always a very powerful weapon. In the expressive phrase from the across the water, Money talks (laughter). The German Government insti- tuted a German insurance system. After a time insurance companies found that their funds were being heavily hit by claims made by people suffering from various forms of sickness. It was found that. 50 ner cent. of these claims came from consumption, and it was seen that if that drain went on, these insurance companies must become bankrupt. Inquiries were made and the medical profession were taken into consulta- tion, and it was shown that by the estab- lishment of sanatoria much of this drain would in all probability be saved. The in- surance companies took the advice and es- tablished sanatoria on a large scale. And now, instead of being bankrupt concerns, they are in a flourishing condition, with large surpluses in reserve to their credit. The friendly societies in England and Wales pay out E4,000,000 a year for sick pay. £ 1,200,000 of that goes directly to con- sumptives. Under the poor-law of England and Wales, £ 1,400,000 is paid away annually so far as consumptives are concerned. Hos- pitals for chest, troubles, chiefly consump- tion, contribute- £ 500,000 a. year. So that we are in a position to show a direct loss of £ 3,000,000. When you take up the ques- tion of the loss of wages, the loss of life capital, etc., you can put an indirect loss of something like E4,000,000 or £ 5,000,000. So that we can say we are under-estimating it when we find in England and Wales no less than e8,000,000 is lost every year owing to consumption, and I estimate it at some- thing like F.400,000 a year for Wales. What do you get for this expenditure ? I venture to tell you that you get nothing except slight alleviation of human suffering, that you get practically nothing from the point of view of 'preventing consumption. If, however, you make prevention the keynote, well, you will stamp out the disease in the course of a generation, to the best of my belief (applause). If you spend 4:100,000 a year in Wales you will achieve the object, and you will be saved from spending one way or another, as you do at present, P-4,000,000 on the disease. Intelligent ex- penditure of less than it costs now will not only save countless lives and untold misery, will not only wipe out consumption from our midst, but will in course of time save millions of money. You want education, beginning in the the schools, lecturers going about the schools. You want a proper system of at- tacking the disease mainly by dispensaries. You want compulsory notification you want sanatoria accommodation and super- vision and after-care of patients who leave the sanatorias or who are too ill to go to sanatoria. If you do it, I am sure you will erect an abiding monument to the late King, who, when he was told at the time of the Tuber- culosis Congress in London in 1901, that consumption was preventible, asked in a very pertinent way, If consumption is pre- ventible, why is it not prevented ?" (hear, hear, and applause). And you will only raise a great monument to a great King, but you will do much to relieve suffering humanity, and you will one and all have the satisfaction in later years of being able to feel that you have lifted the shadow of death from many a humble home (hear, hear, and applause). MR. DAVID DAVIES DEFENDS THE VOLUNTARY MOVEMENT. Mr David Davies supported the resolution, and said that after hearing Dr Latham's eloquent address, we must feel with a sense of shame that we are hopelessly backward in dealing with this question of tuberculosis. We are asking for a very large sum, £ 300,000, and we hope that if this sum or more is forthcoming, the national movement will be an endowed movement,—(applause) —and that we shall not have to come year after year asking people to contribute an- unally towards the maintenance of the cam- paign. Every facility will be provided for people to subscribe in instalments, as well as to give lump sums. Up to the present no detailed scheme whatever has been prepared, because you will see the impossibility of laying down definite lines until we know how much money there is to be spent upon it. We can go so far as to say that the money would not be wasted, but that it would be spent in accordance with the best expert advice we can get on the subject. It is impossible to say now whether there should be one or two, or three or four or more sanatoria. But these sanatoria should be as inexpensive structures as possible, and should provide as many beds as possi- ble (applause). It is not the building it- self which costs such a lot, but the main- tenance of it afterwards. And we hope the friendly societies and various voluntary and public bodies will be able to see their way to guarantee a certain sum towards the maintenance of these buildings, and that they in return will be able to get so many beds for the particular areas which they cover. This is a voluntary movement, and al- though many people say that this question of tackling this problem of consumption is a matter that should be done by the State, I think that in tackling a great scourge of this kind voluntary effort and every other effort ought to go together,— (applause)—and the noblest thing we can do as individualists is to see that our country, instead of being the worst, is leading in a campaign of this kind (applause). WHAT CONSUMPTION COSTS MONT- GOMERYSHIRE. Dr C. E. Humphreys also supported the resolution, and mentioned that. the average death rate from tuberculosis in Montgom- eryshire during the last three years was about 1.5 per 1,000 of the population- slightly lower than the rest of Wales-or 83 deaths per year, or practically one in ten of the total number of deaths. At, a very low estimate, I have ascertained that con- sumption is costing Montgomeryshire be- tween £ 5,000 and £ 6,000 a. year. The resolution was carried unanimously. Mr D. Wintringham Stable then proposed that Mr J. E. Tomley, solicitor, Montgom- ery, be elected honorary secretary of the County Campaign Committee. Mr Richard Jones seconded, and, like the mover, spoke of Mr Tomley's peculiar qualifications and fitness to fill the office. The meeting unanimously adopted the proposal, and in accepting office, Mr Tomlev remarked that he had the consent of his principal, Mr C. S. Pryce (hear, hear) On the motion of Colonel Pryce-Jones, seconded by Mr Fairles Humphreys, repre- sentatives of all the public authorities and voluntary societies were appointed a com- mittee, with power to add to their number. A hearty vote of thanks was accorded to Sir Watkin for acting as convener and chairman of the meeting.
CAERSWS. THE ROMAN CAMP.—In the Forresters Assem- bly Room on Tuesday Dr Rees delighted an audience with a most interesting an(j informing description of the local excavations on the site of the Roman camp.
LLANFYLLIN. LLANFYLLIN v. R.W.W.-This match, the first round in the Welsh Senior Cup, was played at Llanfyllin on Saturday. The visitors were the first to score through W. Owen. Afterwards Llanfyllin monopolised the play and scored eight goals by Frank Davies (5), R. Thomas (2), and Burgess (1). Final: Llanfyllin 8, R.W.W. 1.
CARNO. LITERARY SOCIETY.-At the Literary Society meeting on Friday night Mr D. T. Richards, Glanhanog, was in the chair. Excellent papers were read by Miss A. Jones, Tynewydd, and Miss Hannah Morgan, Penlan, on *« Miriam" and "Ruth" respectively. Messrs J. Williams, Morys Jones, T. Jones, R. W. Davies, and the Chairman also spoke. Mr Abraham Jones gave a very good recitation, "Iloddi," and Miss Gertie Lloyd and Mr John Morgan sang the duet 0 lovely peace."
LLANDINAM. MUSICAL.—Thanks to the generosity of Miss Davies, Plasdinam, music lovers in the neighbour- hood will have the opportunity on Wednesday of listening to a rare musical treat. Dr. Bridge, the renowned organist of Chester Cathedral, will give recitals at 2.30 and 6 p.m. in the C.M. Chapel. Vocal selections will be given by that rising young Welsh artist, Miss Amy Evans, and also by Mr Emlyn Davies, who always has favourable recep- tions from Welsh audiences. No charge is to be mads for admission, but the collections are to be handed over to the Montgomeryshire Infirmary. We trust they will be commensurate to the high quality of the programmes arranged.
MACHYNLLETH. POLICE COURT.-At the Police Court on Mon- day, before Messrs R. Breese.and T. R. Morgan- Elijah Vaughan, labourer, of Graigfach, Machyn, lleth, was charged with being drunk and dis- orderly, on the information of P.C. Jones he was fined 5s, including costs.—William Vaughan, hawker, Graigfach, was charged on Tuesday. before Mr R. Rees, with being drank in Graigfacb, Defendant pleaded guilty, and was fined 2s 6d inclusive.—On Thursday a machine fitter from Leeds named Robert McKenzie was charged, before Messrs R. Gillart and Richard Rees, with begging at Bronwylfa, and was sent to prison for 14 days with hard labour. FALSE PRETENCES.—Obtaining by false preten- ces the sum of 2/- from Miss Clara Humphreys, was the charge brought against John Frances, Dovey View, Machynlleth, at the Police Court on Thursday. Messrs. R. Gillart and R. Bees were the magistrates on the bencb-- WID. Humphreys, of No. 11, GaersioD, stated, that on October 29th, he bought two cwt. of potatoes for 7/- from Wm. Jones, Dolau Eglwys. The defendant assisted Mr Jones to deliver them, and in the afternoon the latter came to his bakehouse in Maengwyn street, and said that Mr Jones had authorised him to collect the seven shillings. Witness re- fused to pay him. nor did he authorise him to get any money from his daughter Clara.—Clara Humphreys said that Francis came to the house in the afternoon, and said that her father had paid him 5s, and told him to get the other 2s from her. She gave him the 2s.—P.S. D. Davies said said that when liarresotd prisoner remarked, I am very sorry; I was drunk. I will not do it any more."—Prisoner admitted the offence, and was bound over in X5 to be of good behaviour for six months.
Boy Scouts in Montgomeryshire.
Boy Scouts in Montgomeryshire. A Scout Council for the County was formed at Welshpool, on Monday, 7th November, to promote generally the welfare of the movement, and to arrange for harmonious co-operation. The meeting was held in the Town Hall: and all the social associations of Boy Scouts in the county were represented except Llanidloes and Newtown. In the unavoidable absence of the Lord Lieuten- ant, the chair was taken by the County Qommis- sisner, Brigadier General A. E. Sandbach, and he was supported by Mr Whitehouse, Dr Thomas, Mr R. Hughes, Rev W. H. Williams, Major W. M. Dugdale, Mr J. Marshall Dugdale, Mr Sadleir, Mr Baston, and the Misses Bonnor-Mauiics. It was decided that the Scout Council should consist of two elected representatives of each local associ- ation, with the President and the County and District Commissioners. It wAs explained that the first meeting was held at Welshpool because they formed the first troop in the county there, and it was agreed to hold the next meeting in 1911 at Machynlletb. Various camping arrangements for 1911 were discussed, and it was finally decided to try a com- bined camp next year of all the troops, not to leave to each troop its own provision of blankets. tents, etc. Several gentlemen wrote regretting their inability to attend the meeting. There are now eight troops numbering 188 Boy Scouts in the County.
For one night only, Saturday next, Miss Inez Howard's Company (under the direc- tion of Mr Henry Chattell) will produce in the Public Hall the new romantic play, The Prince and the Beggar Maid," one of Walter Howard's latest successes, direct from the Lyceum Theatre, London. Mr Henry Chattell's name and his company are par excellence and far above the aver- age. The Prince and the Beggar Maid" is well staged, and the scenery and effects magnificent. The play is produced ex- actly as when played before Her Majesty Queen Alexandra. The leading part, Princess Monica," is entrusted to Miss Ethel Savill, an actress of great ability, and a well-known favourite in the pro- vinces. Miss Savill is most ably supported by Mr Chas. A. Baker as P*nce Olaf," and other parts are well sustained by a company of clever artistes. Our readers should take the opportunity of witnessing this attractive play, and secure their seats early at Phillips' Music Salon.
NEWTOW.N. A NICE lot of canvas shoes, and cheap, at Rickards's, 30, Bridge-street, Newtown. [Advt. A SPLENDID New Assortment of Wedding Presents on view at C. W. NORTON'S, Iron- monger, Broad-street, Newtown.- [Advt.] FoOTIBALL.-Call and see the New Stock of Football Boots. Bladders and Inflators all cheap at Rickard's Eagle Boot Depot, Newtown. [Advt. COAL AND LIME.-If you want good quality Coal at reasonable prices, either in truck or cart loads, or in cwt. sacks, try JOHN SMOUT, No. 13, Canal Wharf, Newtown. [Advt. MB. T. MALDWYN PRICE, R.A.M., visits Llanidloes on Tuesdays and Newtown on Satur- days Lessons given in Singing, Pianoforte, Violin, and 'Cello. He may be seen at Mr Fvan Bebb's, Broad- street, or Salop-road, Welsh pool. PARENTS PLEASE NOTE.-A pure sweet gives not only pleasure, but also nourishment to grow- ing children. All the ingredients used in making Ann Taylor's Everton Toffee are pure and whole- some. It is as nourishing as it is delicious. NEW Season Reds just in first-class quality. Trade supplied. Pure Malt Vinegar; superior strength and quality; free from acids, 1/- per gallon, 3d. per quart.—David Evans, The People's Seedsman, Newtown. [Advt.] Bio MANTLE SHOW.—We are now showing all the new modes for the present season in ladies' and children's coats, jackets, costumes, etc., which, for distinction in excellence of style, quality, and real good value, far surpasses all previous dis- plays.—Lewis's, London House, Newtown. FESTIVE SEASON.—Get well armed for the festive season by purchasing from E. H. MORGAN, Silversmith, 18, Broad-street, your Carvers and Cutlery; also, Spoons and Forks in Solid Silver, Silver-plated, and Acetic Silver. See his special Tea Spoons at 23 6d per dozen. CHILDREN'S MILLINERY.—A remarkably at- tractive display of children's beaver and felt hats and bonnets may be seen at Misses GOODWIN'S,. 7, Market-street; also, a well-selected stock of fur sets, gloves, woollen underwear. TEMPERANCE SUNDAY.—Temperance sermons, addresses, &c., was delivered in the various chapels, churches, and Sunday schools on Sunday, it being Temperance Sunday. SUCCESSFUL HORTICULTURISTS.—At the Aber- ystwyth Chrysanthemum Show, on Wednesday, Mr W. H. Jones won four first prizes for veget- able collections, and Mr T. H. Pugh gained two seconds. TERRITORIALS' COMPANY ORDERS.—A class of instruction will be held at the Armoury at 8 p.m. every Thursday until further orders. &.11 N.C.O.'s below the rank of sergeant, and any privates, are requested to attend. B.M.I.S.—A meeting of the Baptist Mutual Improvement Society was held on Thursday, when an interesting discussion on Should ladies dress to please themselves ?" was started by Miss Parry Jones and Mrs J. E. Roberts. "WESLEY GUILD."—A meeting of the Wesley Guild was held on Wednesday evening, when there was a good attendance. Mr C. J. Newell read an excellent paper, entitled The Prodigal Son," and an interesting discussion followed. FoR guessing the nearest to the number of ladies who paid admission to the Electric Picture- drome during the week, Mr J. Codman offered a prize of 10s on Saturday. As there were two correct numbers, the prize was divided between Edward Garnett and Ernest Stephens, Park St. THE members of the English Congregational Church have decided to adopt the individual Com- munion cup for their Communion services. This announcement was made by the Pastor (Rev. E. Jones-Williams) on Sunday. The change was brought about through the energy of Mrs Wilson, wife of Dr. Wilson, medical officer of health for the town. A MEN'S Temperance Meeting was held at the Primitive Methodist Chapel on Sunday afternoon, under the presidency of Mr T. Parry Jones, J.P., when an address was delivered by the Rev. Percy Dawe. The chairman (Mr T. Parry Jones), Mr Douglas Whittaker and Mr D. Andrew also spoke. Mr W. H. Morgan was the soloist, and Mr G. Parkinson accompanied. ACClDENT.-On Tuesday, Mr Jarman, Yew-tree, Kerry, was driving past the Cambrian Vaults, when the trap collided with a milk-cart belonging to Mr Humphreys, The Plantation. The wheel of Mr Jarman's trap came off, and the trap was overturned, with the result that its occupant was thrown from the seat on his head. He, however, luckily escaped with a severe shaking, and was able to return home the same night. P.S.E.—The fortnightly Pleasant Sunday Even- ing was held on Sunday, when Mr E. S. Jones presided over a good attendance. An excellent address was delivered by the Rev. Percy Dawe on the subject of Temperance, and solos were rendered by Miss Gladys Tnrner and Mr J. Howard Howard Jones, Miss Edith Reynolds accompanying, and Mr Mr J. R. Evans conduct- ing the singing. A REAL BENEFIT.—Mr J. Codman, the propri- etor of the popular Picturedrome now being ex- hibited at the Victoria Hall, has most genetously offered to hand over the proceeds of next Thurs- day's entertainment to the new County Infirmary Building Fund. Particulars are given on the front page, and it is not considered necessary to urge upon both rich and poor to purchase tickets, for we anticipate a bumper house, which will swell the amount already subscribed in Newtown, and also show Mr Codman that his kindly action is fully appreciated.—Thursday evening next! WELSH LITERARY SOCIETY.—Mr E. S. Jones presided over a most enjoyable meeting of this society on Friday evening, when a Mock County Council Election took place. There were two vacancies and five candidates: Messrs W. II. Davies, R. Lloyd Roberts, Thomas Jones, J. T. Jenkins, and Joseph Jones. The latter failed to be present, and Mr J. Griffiths undertook the task to become the candidate. The five aspirants addressed the electors, all paying special atten- tion to the ladies, who were in a majority in the room, and after questions had been asked and answered, the voting took place, Mr Tom Morgan (sec ), and Mr Simons being the scrutinees. The following was the result:- Griffiths 23, Jenkins 15, Davies 11, Jones 10, and Roberts 7. FOOTBALL.—An interesting and exciting match took place on the Cunnings, on Saturday between the Royal Welsh Fusiliers and the Aberystwyth Town Team, for the first round of the Welsh Senior Cup. Despite the rain which fell thioughout the afternoon, there was a large gate. The Newtown Silver Band turned out far the occasion, and marched along Broad Street before the match commencfld. Aberystwyth won the toss, and during the first half had the best of the ground in their favour, which owing to the heavy rain which had fallen during the week, was in a bad state, and the players could scarcely keep on their feet, and before the end of the game being well plastered with mud. The first half of the match was fast, and before five minutes had passed, the Aberystwyth team had placed the ball in the R.W.F. nett. Soon after this Ned Garnett made a good shot for the visitors goal but nar- rowly missed, but a second shot from the same foot, put the ball in the Aberystwyth goal, from a nice centre by Tom Evans. Once the ball hit the bottom of the cross bar of the Fusiliers goal and bounced to the ground in direct line with the posts, this was followed by another shot for the Terriers' goal, and the goal keeper run out to it but it was too late. before he could get bick the ball was in the net. Just before the half whistle went, Norman Jones miss a kick tor the goal, and the scores were two goals to one in favour of Aberystwyth. During the second baif the Terriers did practically all the attacking. The next goal was scrummaged through by the Terriers." Cyril Smith headed the ball splendidly, and it passed narrowly over tne bar, and in in another minute be brought thn ball down the field by himself and made another good shot at the goal. An exciting game finished in a draw. Social.—A highly successful and enjoyable social evening was held on Thursday even- ing in the Public Hall, under the auspices of the Primrose League (Hifren-Habita- tion). At the time appointed, despite the rainy weather, the hall was filled with dancers and onlookers. The platform had been decorated with beautiful flowers and plants by Mr*berguson, the Dolerw garden- er, by kind permission of Lady Pryce- Jones, and the manner in which the flowers were arranged elicited great praise. To the strains of the Cedewain Band, dancing was kept up until an early hour on Friday morning. Between the various dances, solos were rendered by Miss Gwen Powell, Miss Freda Davies, Miss Maggie Bellis, Mr Arthur, Mr Tyler, and Mr C. Birch. The last-named, in his lady's "get-up," brought forth roars of laughter from the audience. Mr Ernest Owen and Mr Seymour Davies accompanied. Refreshments were provided <
WELSHPOOL. GRAND DISPLAY of new goods on show at BowEN'S, the well-known cash drapers, Berriew- street. FOR Gans, Rifles, Cartridges, Lamps, Lamp Glasses, Glopes and Mantles, try Wm. Thomas, Ironmonger, Welshpool. ADVT. THE DAIRY.—Our "Princess" Separator has I been awarded over 100 medals. The most reliable; easiest to work; British made.—Call and inspect at HUMPHREY JONES & SON, Hall- street. [Advt. ¡ ) MAYOR'S SUNDAY.—The Mayor walked from the Town Hall to Church on Sunday morning in the usual procession of Yeomanry Band, Yeo- manry, Territorials, etc., etc. The sermon was preached by the Rev Harrington Brown, formerly of Lower Heath, Salop, but now a locum tenens curate at Welshpool. Boy SCOUTS.-The County Commissioners in- spected the Boy Scouts of the above troop on Saturday, 12th November, in Powis Castle Park. The retiring Scoutmaster (Mr W. E. Whitehouse) was in charge, and the Boys gave a display of first aid, relay messages, flag signalling, and tent pitching. General Sandbach afterwards addressed a few words of encouragement to the Bove. and congratulated Mr Whitëbouse on the success of the trocip, MUNICIPAL BYE-ELECTION.—Owing to Coun- cillor T. J. Evans being made an alderman, there is a Town Council vacancy in the Buttington Ward. and nominations must be in by five o'clock next Wednesday afternoon. The only candidate in the field up to the week-end was the nominee of the Anti-Henfaesites, Mr Harry Harrison, the youngest chip of an old block. If be is elected, one-eighth of the representation of the third largest borough in the county will hail directly from Fronllwyd. BOROUGH COUNCILLORS' ATTENDANCE LisT.- During the past municipal year 18 meetings of the Borough Council took place and 48 com- mittee meetings. The following list shows, in order of regularity, how the various members attended:— Cncls. Com. Total Maximum 18 i8 64. Councillor T. J. Evans (mayor) 18 44 62 Alderman E. Wyke 17 44 61 Councillor A. E. Bond 18 39 57 Councillor R. Jenkins 16 40 56 Councillor J. Pryce Jones 16 38 54 Councillor W. Humphreys 15 36 51 Councillor E. Stockton 13 36 49 Councillor G. Macqneen 13 34 56 Councillors.D.Thomas. 15 31 *7 Councillor W. A. Rogers 13 32 44 Alderman G. D. If arrison 15 29 44 Councillor F. E. Marston 15 20 35 Alderman D. Jones 15 45 30 Councillor T.Hiles. 13 17 30 Councillor E. H. Jones 3 0 3 Alderman T. R. Morris 0 0 0 OANITARY LESSON FROM SHROPSHIRE.—The agent of the Earl of Powis's English estates (Mr R. H. Newill) filled the part of a Progressive at the Quarterly Meeting of the Salop County Council last Saturday week. In its report the Public Health Committee recommended that the Church Stretton District Council be informed that the removal of the Asylum sewage would not .properly abate the pollution, and that they be asked to give the matter their earliest considera- tion with a view to remedying the present unsat- isfactory condition of affairs. It was agreed that Bridgnorth Town Council be linformed that the Committee bad grave doubts as to the proposed experiment for dealing with the sewage of the Low Town proving satisfactory, and that the proper solution of the sewage problem should not be unduly deferred. Further, that the Clerk write to the Ellesmere Urban Council stating the present position was regarded as extremely un- satisfactory, and requesting to be informed whether a sewerage scheme had been submitted to the Local Government Board. That attention be drawn to the definite undertaking given by the Urban Council more than two years ago to deal with the matter within six months. That an urgent letter be sent to the Much Wenlock Town Council pointing out the necessity for pressing forward with the sewage scheme, and abking whether a provisional agreement for purchase of a site for ontfall works had yet been entered into. -Mr Newill moved the adoption of the report, and said that the pollution of Tetchill Brook, near Ellesmere, had been before the County Council many times, but nothing had been done. The Public Health Committee felt that some really definite steps must be taken to see that the Ellesmere Urban District Council carried out their obligations with regard to the pollution.— Mr C. F. K. Main waring said a good deal had been done by Ellesmere. They had sent plans of the scheme to the Local Government Board, and the plans had been returned with instructions that they must have a pumping scheme. More schemes had since been got out, and would prob- ably have been brought to something definite, but the death of the Urban Council's Clerk had interrupted matters. He thought it was hardly fair to say that nothing had been done.—Mr retorted that the Urban Council gave an under- taking two years ago that the matter would he dealt with within six months.—The report was adopted. The Late Mr John Morris' Funeral.— From the Foundry to Christ Church there passed along the streets last Tuesday after- noon the funeral of Mr John Morris, J.P., an old townsman, who had done his duty to the State by bringing up well a very large family of children. The Rev D. Grimaldi Davis, D.D., vicar of Welshpool, headed the sombre column, accompanied by Mr C. Pryce Yearsley, town clerk and family solicitor. Others who walked in front were the chief magistrate (Mr T. J. Evans), with seven other borough justices, Messrs David Jones, Joseph H. Davies, Maurice Jehu, William Humphreys, John Pryce Jones, John Jones, and David Lloyd also Councillor George Macqueen, whilst Mr Herbert Hawksworth, the family doctor, joined the cortege on the way into church. The foundry workmen also preceded the hearse, and a number of them acted as bearers of their dead master—Messrs Edwin Ricketts, William Griffiths (Leighton), Joseph Burgess, William Jenkins, Edmund Jones, Richard Evans, William Davies (Moelygarth), George Jones, Stephen Breeze, David Breeze, and John Roberts. The late Mr John Morris leaves seven grown-up sons one, Mr George Rider Morris, an architect, is in Canada, but all the other six followed their father to the grave: Messrs William Henry Morris, Welshpool John Charles Morris, London Thomas Edward Morris, of Keadby (Lincolnshire) Richard Walter Morris, Welshpool Fred- erick H. Morris, Birmingham and Percy Morris, Welshpool. The two sons-in-law also attended, Messrs" George E. Evans, Broad-street, and Herbert H. C. Summers, Oswestry, and the two brothers of the de- ceased, Messrs William Morris, Severn Villa, and Morgan Morris. Trafalgar House two brothers-in-law, Messrs R. D. Ryder, Newtown, and Job Ryder, Welsh- puul; five nephews, Messrs J. Morris, Rhayader, R. D. Rider, Sheffield, Bertram Morris, Trafalgar House, Harry Morris and Charles Morris, Severn Villa with Mr T. Morris, a cousin from Barmouth, and Mr A. Jones, Montgomery, who attended the deceased in his illness. The Vicar took the service in church and at the graveside, where floral signs of sympathy were laid from the widow, the children, Mr and Mrs T. E. Morris, Miss Dorothy Evans (grand- daughter), Mr and Mrs William Morris and family, Mr and Mrs Morgan Morris and family, Mr F. J. Gamlin (town clerk of Rhyl) and Mrs Gamlin, Mr and Mrs R. D. Ryder, Newtown Mr and Mrs Job H. Ryder, Welshpool Mr and Mrs J. Morris, Rhayader; Mr and Miss Hough. Ellesmere Port the. foundry workmen the Mayor and Mayoress of Welshpool Mr and Mrs I. J. Williams, Merthyr Tydfil Mr and Mrs William Riddell, White House Mr and Mrs William Rothwell and family, Leighton Mr and Mrs Richard Make- peace, Church-street. Colonel Twyiord, the ex-Mayor (Dr R. D. Thomas), Mr Forrester Addie, and Mr Samuel Manford sent letters regretting that they could not attend the iuneral. There were similar communica- tions from two other townsmen, who them- selves are now invalids, Alderman Rowley Morris and Mr F. B. Bluck.
LLANIDLOES. fv* Llanidloes Albicaa journeyed to Welshpool on Saturday, and drew with the Powysland Juniors, each side scoring two goals. MAYOR'S LEET.-On Wednesday evening the Borough Silver Band paraded, and discoursed choice music in Long Bridge-street, which was greatly enjoyed by the large crowd present, THE MERRY MASONS.—On the occasion of the 34th annual festival of St. Idloes Lodge of Free- masons (No. 1582), held at the Trewythen Arn» Hotel on luesday evening, Bro James Toole, 8 W was installed Worshipful Master. FEVER.—Owing to certain infectious diseases having broken out in the town the Medical Officer of Health issued an order advising the closing ol the day schools and Sunday schools until further notice. This order was put into force last week. BILLED HANDICAP.—The first round of the Public Billiard Room handicap took place last week and the following 16 go forward for the 2nd round:—E. Lloyd, A. Baker, J. D. Owen T. F. Owen, T. E. Morgan, Offie Jones, W. Ashton, j. E* Dakin, Bert Davies, E. H. Jones, W. Brunton, J. E. Morgan, E. Morgan, J. Evans, R O. Jones, B. Ihomas. FREE AND EASY CLUB.—A new cluh hR." hoon formed in the town under the name of the Free and Easy Club." The idea of forming such an institution was conceived by some young men a fortnight ago, and they are now comfortably installed in a room in Cambrian-place. Of their doings something will be heard later. A SUCCESSFUL STUDENT.—Mr E. O. Daviee, eldest son of Mr S. P. Davies, Long Bridge-street, has been a successful student at the Wolverhamp- ton Municipal Science and Technical School. He has gained the position of chief student of the year, and takes the Sir Alfred Hickman special prize of £5 for the highest .number of marks besides other prizes, WESLEYAN CHURCH.—During the week special services marked the re-opening of the Wesleyan Church at Cwmbellaii, which has undergone desir- able alterations. The preachers were Revs B. T. Davits, Llanidloes; J. G. Jones, Old Hall; Deri Morgan, Liangurig Jacob Pritchard, Trefeglwys, and Bedford Roberts, Caersws. THIRTY ytars ago Miss Anne Davies, sister of our esteemed venerable townsman, Alderman Edward Davies, J.P., left for America. We regret to receive news of her death, which occurred shortly since at Wenona, Wisconsin, U.S.A. Miss Davies, though far removed from her nativity, evinced a keen concern for the welfare of lanidloes. Mr iRichard^ M. Davies, head schoolmaster of the National Schools, has been presented by his brother Freemasons with a handsome "jewel" in. case, the inscription being: "To Worshipful Brother R. M. Davies, Past Master of the Sc. Idloes Lodge, No. 1582, for five years' services between November, 1901, and October. 1910-" Mr Davies is a P.M., and P.P.G. Organist of the Order. THE FREE LIBRARY COMMITTEE reported to the Town Council that books had been received from Messrs. J. James (Haverfordwest), W. Evans <Milford Haven), and the Rev. E. O. Jones (Llanidloes), and a picture of Mr Abraham Rees from Mr H. B. Williams, Birmingham. A letter was read from Mrs A. George, asking the Council to accept an enlarged fiamed photo of her beloved husband. The Council accepted the kind offer with thanks. THE GAS COMPANY have informed the Town Council that it has always been the rule that all the lamps should be extinguished at 11 p.m. If the lamplighter started to extinguish them at 11, it would be after 12 o'clock before they were all put out. Therefore it was necessary for the lamp- lighter to start at 10, so that most of the lights must be extinguished before 11.—The Lighting Committee will deal with the matter. GIRLS' GuILD.-On Thursday a social meeting was held at the Town Hall in connection with the Girls Guild. The following were the officers appointed: President, Mrs G. Edmunds, Dolenog; vice-president, Mrs J. Hampton, Mrs Evan Rees. Mrs William Ashton, Mrs E. R. Horsfall Turner, and Mrs Williams, Dulas Villa; secretary, Miss Maglona Rees; treasurer, Miss Augusta Hum- phreys. Solos were sung by Misses L Hampton and J. Morgan. It was decided to hold fortnightly meetings on Tuesdays. It was also decided that the Guild be affiliated to the Women's Temper- ance Union. BOROUGH SESSIONS.—Before the Mayor (Alder- man Edward Hamer) presidiner. and Alderman. Edward Davies at the Borough Sessions on Thurs- day, David Hughes, fishmonger, Long Bridge- street, was charged with having used obscene lan- guage on October 15th. P.S. Owen stated that about 11-30 defendant was sweeping the causeway with a broom. He was using bad language and shouted to a little boy Mind the salmon." Wit- ness had received complaints about the defen- dant. P.C. Pbgh said he heard defendant making a row and shouting Llangurig Salmon." He told him to behave himself. He heard him making an hideous row before this. He cautioned him once near the Market liall Fined 5s and costs.—Thomas Owen, Mount-lane, Llanidloes, was summoned for moglecting to send his child to school. The case was adjourned at the last court. Fined 5s includings costs.
The Chirbury Robbery.
The Chirbury Robbery. At Shropshire Assizes on Wednesday, before Justice Lawrence, Kenneth Edward Marshall, an auctioneer's pupil aged 19 and residing at Gloucester, was indicted for breaking and entering the counting house of Messrs Morris, Marshall and Poole, auctioneers, at Chirbury, on September 2nd, and stealing £ 268 10s 6d. Mr Graham prosecuted, and prisoner, who was represented by Mr Disturnal, pleaded guilty. After Mr Graham had briefly stated the facts of the case, Mr Distumal said prisoner was the son of a gentleman of high integrity and position. and was educated at a well-known public school, and was, while at school, apparently diligent in his work. When he left school at seventeen years of age he was in delicate health, and was- sent in charge of an aunt to New Zealand. Apparently he profited by the visit, and when he came back his father articled him to a* firm of auctioneers in Gloucester. While at Gloucester there was nothing to be saicfc against, prisoner except that, no doubt, removed from home influences, he was not so diligent in work, and be would be regarded as ai bit flighty. This summer he came over to Chir- bury on holidays, and as far as they knew went, back to Gloucester. A sudden temptation came upon him, and he returned to Chirbury and com- mitted the robbery. Prisoner, who was of delioate health, was not a person of very well balanaed mind and not of strong mental equipment. Ap- parently when in New Zealand he contracted an adventurous spirit, and also the habit of carrying revolvers. He had also formed the habit of read- ing a kind of literature with which his Lordship. probably bad some acquaintance, in which bur- glaries and crimes of that description were re- garded as actions worthy of a gentleman, and he was animated by that kind of literature, as far as he could see, to commit that crime. Apparently there was no object in committing the offence. Prisoner's father was generous to him, and pro- vided him with plenty of money and' the neces- saries of life, and more than the necessaries, the luxuries of life. Counsel again suggested that prisoner was animated by a silly spirit of adven- ture.) Mr E..H. Morris gave evidence-as to prisoner's character. He said he always regarded prisoner as a nice, quiet boy, though he was a bit flighty. Witness had not the slightest doubt that the reading of a certain class of literature had an in- fluence upon him. Dr Glynn Pigott, medical offiaer of the Prison, said he had had prisoner under observation, and found him to be of a nearotic and excitable tem- perament. He was impressionable, and of a very adventurous spirit. Mr Disturnal remarked that a friend in an in. fluential position would be willing to take prisoner and look after him. the Judge said he hoped prisoner saw the folly of his conduct. He had had a good education and yet had brought disgraoe upon his family. There was nothing to be said for him except that be had indulged in literature of a foolish character. It was very painful, but he (tha Judge) was there to correct the evils of that literature. Much as he should like to do so, he could not pass over the case of the priboner-wiao was in a good position-and punish the humble criminal who robbed in a less degree. If prisoner chose to indulge in tricks of tltAt sort he must bear the punishment. He would be imprisoned in the Second Division for six calendar months, and he (tbe Judge) hoped it would be a lessoa to, him never to do any act ot that kind apiu,