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- Aberystwyth Town Council.

;The Temperance Movement


The Temperance Movement CONFERENCE & PUBLIC MEETING. THE NEW LICENSING ACT. A temperance meeting under the auspices of the Lampeter and District Temperance Association, convened for the purpose of discussing the new [ Licensing Act which came into operation on New Year's Day, was held on Wednesday evening in last week. In the afternoon a conference was held at Shiloh Chapel, under the presidency of^the Rev Evan Evans, Soar. Mr J Ernest Lloyd, solicitor, minutely explained the new Act, and emphasized the clauses affecting country districts. Mr Lloyd said Licensing Acts were most complicated. but he would onlv deal with the main clauses, which were in themselves, easily understood. In future it would be as difficult to get a licence for selling intoxicants as for selling gunpowder. If a person was convicted three times within a year, the magistrates had z, power to send such a person to an Inebriates Home, and if a person was found drunk on the highway the police might apprehend him. This in itself was a great improvement, for under the old law the police could only apprehend such person as were drunk and disorderly. When a person was found drunk in a public house or in a building with a child under seven years of age under his care, he might be apprehended and fined a sum of forty shillings. When a person was found drunk on licensed premises the publican might be pro- ceeded against unless he would prove that he had taken all reasonable steps to turn away the drunken person in the absence of proof the police would only have to prove that the man was drunk. The next clause related to judicial separation between husband and wife. Under the old Act, the wife would have to prove that the husband had been euiltv of misconduct, assaults, &c., but this new Act enabled a wife to get a separation order if the man had been called i a habitual drunkard, and a husband could likewise get an order if the wife was convicted. He did not think that that clause would greatly affect this district. Therelwas another clause, however, which might have important results in the district. It stated that if a man had been convicted three times within a year under the Inebriates' Act, the magistrates could authorise the police to advise all the publicans not to supply such a person with drink within three years, and after three years if he got drunk again he would be liable to a fine of twenty shillings. A new register of all ccnvictions was to be made. Under the old system all con- victions against a publican were recorded on licences and lasted for one year only, whereas under the new Act, a record of all convictions for several years will be registered. The iiew Act also removed the disqualification of a magistrate who was interested in the shares of a railway refreshment room, and a petty sessional clerk, who was a solicitor, would not be allowed to be interested in any shares. All transfer of licences and occasional licences shall be granted publicly wheareas hitherto the latter could be granted by a magistrate in his own house. No sessions nor coroner's inquests shall be held in public houses. Another new departure which affected the large towns chiefly, was the registra- tion of all clubs, at which intoxicating liquors were supplied. The public must supply plans of new houses, and alterations. There shall be no screens on the counters and no little holes where a drunken person may be concealed. Concluding, Mr Lloyd said that this Act had now had its hand on the publican, and not the publican on the Act. The Rev Evan Evans, in prcposing a vote of thanks to Mr Lloyd, referred in eulogistic terms to the valuable services the Bryn family had rendered to the temperance cause in the town. The Rev R C Jones seconded.—The delegates from Llanddewibrefi referred to the excellent pro- gress being made by the Temperance party in that village, which bad never before been in such a good state. Young men who once used to lead a drunken life, were now teetotallers, and took an active part in the meetings. The Rev T Eli Evans proposed that they as a Temperance party should pledge themselves to support the police in carrying out this Act. Mr Wm Lloyd seconded, and added that as far as the Lampeter police were concerned he was sure that they woald do all they could to carry out the Act. It was further agreed that the secretary (Rev T LI Roderick) should send a letter to the Chief Constable and the magistrates residing in the dis- trict asking them to support the new' Act, and to use their full power to carry it out successfully. In the evening a public meeting was held at the Soar Chapel, the Rev T T Davies, Rhydybont, presiding over a good audience. The Rev T Eli Evans, in the course of an eloquent address, spoke of the custom of distributing intoxi- cants at the sales and at the harvest, and said it was on such occasions that many a promising young man was first tempted to indulge in this evil. A great many of them went to sales not for the pur- pose of pnrchasing goods, but to get a free drink. The farmers had not yet realised the important fact that they were responsible for the beginning of many a drunken life. This evil first sprung up in the three counties of Cardigan, Carmarthen, and Pembroke, but he was glad to find that there were signs that it was about dying out in the latter county. Its main object was to stir up the bidder so that he might give a high bid for the goods. This, he considered, was one of the greatest evils of the day, and was not a proper way of transacting business. He main- tained it was dishonest, and worse than larceny or burglarly. and no farmer who allowed the practice could profess to be a Christian. (Hear, hear.) The Rev T W Ellis (W) explained the new Act, and commented upon the various clauses,-whilst the Rev E Ungoed Thomas, Carmarthen, also delivered a valuable address. The addresses were listened to with rapt atten- tion, and were highly appreciated. The resolutions adopted at the Conference were put to the meeting and carried unanimously.



Cross Inn, Llanon.





,The New Licensing Act.



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