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PENLLWYN. OBITUARY.—The death took place on Sunday morning, the 9th inst., of Mr James Daniel, Tan- ffordd, at the age of 56 years. The sad news cast quite a gloom all over the neighbourhood, and was received with regret and surprise, as but a very few people were aware of the deceased's illness. He was seen in the village as late as Wednesday, and was only confined to his bed the following day, although be had complained of being unwell during the week. He had been in failing health during the last months. The deceased was highly res- pected as a neighbour, and carried on a very successful business as a butcher. He was a native of Llanilar. When a young man he came as a ser- vant to one of the aeighbouring farms, and in some years got married, and afterwards settled down until his death. He was a faithful member of the C.M. Chapel, and an active teacher in the Sunday School, where his loss will be keenly felt. He also took great interest in music, and was himself a great musician. The funeral took place on the fol- lowing Thursday, when a large number of relatives and friends followed the remains to their last resting place at the chapel cemetery. The Rev D. Lewis, Capel Dewi, officiated at the house, and the Rev D. Morgan at the chapel and at the graveside. On Sunday evening the Rev D. Morgan preached a funeral sermon, taking his text from Hebrew xii. 1, 2. The anthem Y cyfiawn drig yn y nef was sung by the congregation under the leadership of Mr Morris, and the Dead March was played on the organ by Miss Jones, the organist. The deceased leaves a widow and six children to mourn their loss. Deep and universal sympathy is felt with the with the family in their sad bereavement.
NEWCASTLE EMLYN. THE LLANGRANOG CASE.—The case of John Jones, 19, of Cilie, who stands remanded on a charge of wounding Capt Griffiths, Llangranog, was brought before Dr Powell oa Friday last, and again adjourned for eight days, the same sureties being recognized.—Dr Powell said the prolongation of the proceedings was becoming tedious, and it meant a great deal of trouble to attend week after week. He would like if the prosecution could arrange to get Capt Griffiths to attend at an early date. We understand that Dr Evans, New Quay, is in attendance upon Capt Griffiths, who still con- tinues to suffer from the shock. FUNERAL OF MRS. KiTTr JoNEs.-The funeral of the late Mrs Kitty Jones, wife of Mr William Jones, Bridge-street, whose death was announced in our last issue, took place on Wednesday afternoon in last week. The deceased was highly respected in the town, having acted for a great many years as j nurse in some of the large country houses of the district. The Rev Evan Phillips, C.M. minister, at whose church deceased was a faithful member, officiated, and preached the funeral sermon at Bethel Chapel. The chief mourners were Mr Wm Jones (husband), Messrs James, Harry, and Sam Jones (sons), Misses Bess, Agnes, and Margaret Hannah Jones (daughter), Mrs Elizabeth Thomas (sister), and Mr J. T. Jones, Penydarren (brother). Beautiful wreaths were sent by Mrs Summers, Tenby; Mrs Jones, Swindon Mr A. Brigstocke, Blaenpant; Mrs Jones, Bournemouth; Mrs J. R. Jones, The Pharmacy; Mrs Evans, Lloyd's-terrace; and Mrs Kny, Wordsley. Much sympathy is felt with the sorrowing relatives in their bereavement. COUNTY COURT. The monthly County Court was held on February 15th before his Honour Judge Bishop. A Heavy List. -Over a hundred cases were dealt with by the Registrar (Mr J. H. Evans), fifty-eight of which were tithe plaints. Davies v. Jones and Davies.-Rutb Mary Davies, Dolau-llawgam, Llandyfriog, sued Mary Jones and the Rev T. Cynon Davies, Cowbridge, for money owing for purchases made at Malogws sale, in the parish of Cilrhedyn. The arrangement was that the plaintiff was to receive £500, which she was entitled under the Intestates Act of 1884, and the other parties, who were her mother-in-law and brother-in-law, were to receive all the remainder in consideration of their paying all debts due by the estate. The action was brought to recover Z17 13s paid by the plaintiff to her father—for a cow and six sheep—who was one of the unpaid creditors at the time of the release. She sued the defendants under the covenant of the indemnity in the release. The defence was that the defendants had been mis- lead when the arrangement was entered into, and believed that all debts had been paid.—The Judge pointed out that there was no express state- ment in the release to the effect that all debts had been paid, but the recital distinctly said that it was only believed to be so. A verdict was accordingly given in favour of the plaintiff. BOARD OF^GUARDIANS. The fortnightly meeting of the Board of Gnard- ians was held at the Workhouse on Friday last, the Rev R. J. Lloyd, Troedyraur, presiding. There were also present Messrs Thos Davies, Bettws Evan; Evans Davies, and J. Rees, Llandyfriog; B. Davies, D. C. Jones, T. Thomas, and the Rev T. A. Thomas, Llandyssil; Messrs E. Davies and J. H. Evans, Llanfair-orllwyn; Josua Griffiths, and J. Jones, Llangranog; D. Davies, Llangunllo; George Davies, and Mrs Elizabeth Evans, Penbryn Messrs David Thomas, Troedyraur; John Davies and G. M. Williams, Cenarth; Thos Davies, East Cilrhedyn; Thos Barrett and Wm Jones, Llanfihangel-ar-arth; and David Jones, Llangeler; with Mr George (clerk), and the officials. Detention of Tramps.—Mr Thos Davies, Browion, called the attention of the Guardians to the present mode of detaining tramps in the Workhouse, and gave notice that at the next meeting he would pro- pose that they be detained a longer time. A Sad Case.-The secretary of the Llandyssil Benefit Society, and the Christmasia Friendly Society wrote stating that there was no money due by either society to John Evans, late of Lincoln- street, Llandyssil, as he had ceased to be a member. —It appears that Evans was a member of both societies, but since his removal to the Asylum his name had been struck off the rolls.—On the pro- position of Mr D. Jones, seconded by Mr J. Lewis it was agreed that proceedings be taken against the two named societies, with a view of recovering monies due to John Evans. .or. Culls.—The Clerk read a list of the unpaid calls and the monthly statement of arrears, and it was agreed to call upon the defaulting parishes to pay their arrears. Operation.-It was agreed on the proposition of Mr Daniel Davies, seconded by Mr G. Davies, that Dr Lloyd be paid a sum of one guinea for assisting Dr Powell for his services in assisting at an opera- tion upon one Elizabeth Evans, Pantteg, Llangunllo. RURAL DISTRICT ICOUNCIL. Mr. G. U. Williams presided at a meeting of this i Council, also held on Friday after the meeting of the Guardians ?1R;)j Annual Report.—Dr. Lloyd in his annual report as medical officer stated that the district comprised an area of 36,658 acres, and a population of 8,632, under the census of 1901. The population of the, district had decreased by 92 in the last ten years. This rednction was due briefly to be accounted for by the remoual of many agricultural labourers to Glammorganshire. During the year 120 deaths were registered, giving a death-rate of 18*09 per 1,000, as against 110 and a death-rate of 35 per 1,000 in 1900. Twenty deaths occurred to infants under one year old. Twenty-eight were registered as 65 years and upwards, 19 of whom had reached 70, 11 were upwards of 80, and three bad passed the age of 90 years. Of the infectious diseasss enumerated in the Notification Act of 1889, 47 cases were notsfied to the medical officer of health, 27 of which were diptheria, 9 enteric fever, 9 scarlet fever, and 3 erisipelas. Six deaths occurred fiom diphtheria in the months of October and Novem- ber. Of the eignt cases notified from enteric fever seven deaths occurred. Five cases of typhoid fever of a very typical form broke out in Penboyr parish. Of the nine scarlet fever cases notified no deaths occurred. They were mostly of a mild type, and all the 'necessary steps were taken to check it spreading. Whooping cough was preva- lent in the spring of this year chiefly in the neighbourhood of Alltwalis from the effects of which five died. Fifteen deaths were certified from phthisis, as against thirteen deaths in the preceding year. Phthisis has been shown to bean infectious disease, and issolation is as essential as in any other infectious disease. The building of sanatoria for the open air treatment of consumption, which is now in contemplation all through the country, will prove a great boon to phthisical patients. In most instances the disease ran hereditary in the family, but in some cases it was required through the insanitary condition of some of the dwellings of the humbler classes, bnt he was glad to state that throughout the district generally the low thatched, badly ventilated huts with earth floors and small windows, which ad- mitted little light were gradually crumbling to ruins, and were being replaced by neat, slated, sub- stantial houses, with brick floors and large windows. The births recorded during the year were 155, viz., 81 males and 72 females-equal to an annual rate of 23-06 per 1,000, against 178 births, and a biith- rate of 26 46 per 1,000 in 1900. All the children in the district of four months old and upwards had been successfully vaccinated, and no exemption certificates applied for. Owing to small pox spread- ing in the country, re-vaccination had been re- sorted to considerably, but he was at a loss to knew what to do, should a case occur in this dis. trict, as there was no place for isolation. He hoped the Council would consider the matter. He was glad to state that the Council bad agreed to defray the expenses of bacteriological examination in suspicious and doubtful throat and other cases. With regard to the question of an isolation hospital for the district, the matter was deferred for a time in order to find out what steps were being taken by other councils. On the proposition of Mr S. M. Williams, seconded by Mr William Jones, a hearty vote of thanks was seconded by Dr Lloyd for the able report.
Cross Inn, ger Ceinewydd. CYMDEITHAS DDIWYLLIADOL Y BOBL IBUAINC. —Nos lau, Cbwefror yr 20fed, cynaliodd y gym- deithas uchod ei chyfarfod yn Ysgoldy y Bwrdd, i Cross Inn. Cymerwyd y gadair gan Mr W Mor- gan, Cross Inn. a chyflawnodd ei waith, fel arfer, gyda debeurwydd. Y mater gerbron y cyfarfod oedd "Peryglon yr oes." Cafwyd ychydig sylwad- au agoriadol i'r pwnc gan y Parch E J Edwards, Brynrhiwgaled, ac yna cafwyd sylwadau ar y testun gan bob un o'r aelodau oedd yn bresenol. Siaradwyd gan y brodyr canlynol, Mri T G Thomas (Glynartbog), Blaendyffryn J P Jones, a Jacob Evans, Cross Inn, T Jenkins, Wannfach; E James, Blaenwaun T Rees. Penrbiwgaled; G Ivor Davies, C.M., Cross Inn, Jenkin Davies, Allen View J S Evans, Maenygroes a'r cadeirydd. Crybwyllwyd llawer o beryglon, y rhai dybid oedd- ent yn brif beryglon yr oes, a cbafwyd sylwadau rhagorol ernynt. Wedi pasio y diolehgarwcb ar- ferol terfynwyd y cyfarfod. Cynhelir y cyforfod nesaf nos lau, Mawrth 6ed, pryd y darllenir papur gan Mr T Rees, Penrhiwgaled, ar Y modd i wneud amaethyddiaeth yn llwyddianue yn Sir Aberteifi.'
THE BANK FRAUDS. MR. JUSTICE BIGHAM'S SENTENCES AND REMARKS. The trial of the Liverpool Bank frauds case concluded on Saturday, when, after an adjourn- ment to enable the prisoners to aid in the refund- ing of money which had passed into the hands of other persons, the four prisoners came up for sentence. The men, Thomas Peterson Goudie, l>«nk clerk, Richard Burge, pugilist, Thomas Frrtncis Kelly, bookmaker, and William Haines Stiles, agent, were on Thursday convicted of the frauds, all having pleaded guilty except Burge. Before the sitting of the Court, Stiles and Burge appeared in the dock and had a conference with their solicitors and counsel, afterwards re- turning below again. At 12.20 the Judge entered the court, and the four prisoners were brought from below and placed in the dock to learn their fit-to. His Lordship proceeded to sentence Goudie. In addressing the prisoner he said he had no reason to suppose that had he not been detected he would not have continued to practise the same frauds. He had not the ordinary excuse of necessity, and he was an intelligent man, trusted by the bank, and he used his intelligence to cunningly cheat the people who paid him. He did not know whether to marvel more at prisoner's wiokedness or folly, as he had person- ally benefited little from the 9160,000 which he had stolen, and which might have ruined many institutions. There was no excuse, and lie would puss the exemplary sentence of 10 years' hard labour. Goudie was then withdrawn from the dock. Addressing Burge the Judge said his case was jiiKt as bad as Goudie's. He and Hances took advantage of Goudie's position to terrify him, and not only did they plot to rob the bank, but they cheated Goudie. He bad been found guilty of conspiracy, the charge to which Stiles and Kelly had pleaded guilty, and also to many other charges. He would, therefore, be treated to the same punishment as Goudie, to ten yetargpeiittl servitude, including two years' hard labour. Addressing Stiles and Kelly, his Lordship said there was little difference between their case and that of Burge, and he would give them as long a term of imprisonment as he was able, namely, two years'hard labour. Goudie exhibited little feeling on hearing his sentence, and stepped briskly from the dock. Burge burst into tears as, the Judge uttered the final words, and stumbled from the dock, crying bitterly, and in a collapsed state. Both Kelly and Stiles took their punishment with no outward evidence of fear. Burge and Goudie were at once removed in the prison van to Wormwood Serubbs Prison to undergo the first part of their sentence. Kelly and Stiles, being what are called short term" prisoners, were removed to Penton- rille Prison.
INTERESTING ROYAL CUSTOM. There was held at Portsmouth on Sunday a military service, picturesque and impressive in character, but of extremely rare occurrence. Tho troops stationed at Portsmouth worship in tho oldest garrison church in the United Kingdom. It is the custom of the Sovereign after accession to present a set of books for the priests' use in this church, the only one where such a custom obtains. King Edward has just complied with the usage, and the handsome books he presented were dedicated by the Rev. Willoughby Haines, Chap- lain to the Forces, at a special military service. The church was crowded with soldiers.
DENTISTS AND CHLOROFORM. At Liverpool Assizes on Saturday, before Mr. Justice Bucknill, James Lancaster and Thomas Crook, dentists, of Blackburn, were charged with causing the death of Margaret Ann Hothersall, weaver, of Clitheroe, by an alleged unskilful ad- ministration of chloroform. His Lordship, after hearing the evidence for the prosecution, said it was not an illegal thing for the prisoners to ad- minister chloroform in the practice of their pro- fession, provided they used ordinary care and skill. There was no evidence to prove that they neglected to do this, and there was, therefore, no ease to go to the jury. The prisoners were then discharged.
FATAL PIT ACCIDENT. At the Edinbugh Collieries Pits, on Saturday, » serious accident oocurred, involving the death of two men and injury to six others. A rake of hutches was proceeding down the incline with 15 miners aboard, when, on the steepest part of the incline, the hutches were lost control of and rushed down the siding. They were smashed at the bottom, and one man was killed outright. Four other men all lie in a precarious state. At another part of the mine a pump was being lowered, when it fell in the pit and killed another man outright, while two others were seriously in- jured.
SUNK IN A COLLISION. Two steamers sollided with each other about four miles from the Tyne on Sunday, one of them being sunk and the other seriously damaged. The Rotha was cut into i it her brotidi;ide,itnd went down soon afterwards. Four of her crew were in their bunks at the time of the collision, hnt succeeded in gaining the deck to make their escape in the boats with the remainder of the crew before the vessel disappeared. Tiley were subsequently picked up by a tug. The Skjold was much dam- aged about the bows, but her watertight compart- wonts saved her from foundering,
CONSECRATION OF BISHOP GORE. The consecration of Canon Gore as Bishop of Worcester took place on Sunday in the curious and ancient chapel, dating back to the thirteenth century, at Lambeth Palace. The most stringent regulations respecting admission were enforced. There were barely 60 people present at tho ser- vice. The consecration wit.8 performed hy the Archbishop of Canter))iii-y,the presenting bishops being Dr. E. S. Talbot, Bishop of Rochester, and Dr. Randal Davidsou, Bishop of Winchester.
MANSLAUGHTER BY A DOCTOR. Dr. James William Ayres, medical practitioner, was at Liverpool Assizes on Saturday sentenced to four montliM* hard labour for the manslaughter of John F. Baynes, his occasional servant. Dr. Ayres and his servant had quarrelled, and in put- ting Baynes out of the house the doctor guve him a push which caused him to fall baokwnrds and fractured his skull. On account of the provoca- tion received the jury strongly recominended Dr. Ayres to the taercy of the court.
ONLY A CASE OF SUSPICION. Mr. Justice Wright on Saturday discharged Hugh Anderson Brydges, clerk, indicted at Maid- stone Assizes for tho manslaughter of his wife at Margate. Deocamed, it London School Board inis- tress, died from the effects of a terrible injury to the head. As there was no evidence to show tlmt the aocused caused the injury, the prosecuting counsel did no offer any evidence against him. In concurring Mr. Justice Wright observed that it only seemed to be a case of suspicion.
DYING MAN'S ALLEGATIONS. Serious allegations were made by a farm ser- vant named Snape, who died at his parent's home at Warton, Caruforth, on Sunday. In his dying deposition he stated that Mat-bias Wilkinson, J S employer, of a filrin at Snah Green, Arkholiue, threw a boot at him, and then, alter putting him out of the house, kicked him brutally with heavy boots. The farmer was n'mauded on Kutur- day on the chargo of inll ct:ng grievous ho.l.jy barm, and he will now be charged with man- slaughter.
During a discussion in the American Senate on Saturday a light took place betweeu two Senators. General Sir George White has arrived in Lon- don from Gibraltar to preside at the Ladysmith I dinner on February 28th.
HAILSTORMS AND ARTILLERY. Stations have been establislted^ in many parte of Italy and France to avert hailstorms by till discharge of artillery into the clouds. Whethei the system has been of actual benefit is still much discussed, the later reports being less confident than were those made previously. Another step has now been made to foretell the approach of the storms by means of an instrument called the eleetrograph, in- vented by Professor Lancetta, a Sicilian. In- cluded in the apparatus is a bell, and when the bell rings at comparatively long intervals the meaning is "the storm is in sight, and will I arrive in a few hours;" when the ringing be- comes more frequent it implies the storm is getting neurer;" while if they grow less fre- quent it is implied that the storm is moving further away, and will not reach the place of observation." Presumably, the action depends upon atmospheric electrical disturbance, —————————-————
GLASS MADE BY LIGHTNING. Tubes of glass made by lightning are often found in sand. The eleotricity passes into the ground and melts the silicious material, form- ing little pipes, the inside diameter of which represents the "bore" of the" thuuderbolt." Tubes measuring as much as 27 feet in length have been discovered. No doubt exists as to the method of their manufacture, inasmuch as people have sought for them and dug them up still hot from places freshly struck by lightning. Attempts have been made to produce them arti- ficially by passing a powerful current of elec- tricity through finely-powdered glass. In this way pipes nearly an inch long and as big as a darning needle in diameter have been obtained. From the comparative size one gets a notion of the enormous energy of lightning.
BLUE AND GREEN COLOURS IN FROGS, &c. The blue and green colours of frogs, lizards, certain fishes, and other vertebrates have been investigated by two French biologists. A black pigment causes the blue colour by what Pouohet called" cerulescence," or kind of fluorescence, and the green colour is due to a mixture of black and yellow pigments. The coloured skins seem to serve as sieves for separating useful and harmful light. The useful red heat rays are allowed to pasN, but the violet and ultra-violet, which induce skin disease or other ill effects, are reflected.
VANISHING SHEEP. A peculiar breed of domesticated sheep, having goat-like horns, has been kept by natives of the Biitiden Oherland, Switzerland, and ap- pears to have been descended directly from the so-called peal; sheep of the Swiss take dwellings. Alarm is now felt at the present scarcity of the animals. The breed is already nearly extermin- ated through crossing, and another interesting type of animal life will have disappeared in a few years unless steps are taken to preserve it.
An admiral displays his flag at the main track; A vice-admiral, at the fore truok; a rear-ad- miral, at the mizzen truck t
Dorse pOlder if- 7- ;\¡' PMXMS. » ^nhebg^ol^ i Geffylau. 8 At ystwytho'r cymmtlau, H A t y d, 'r. B At eu cadw mewn cyftwr da. fl At godi y?fory<± anifail. H At walla- blewyn. H Diogel yn mhob cyflwr. H Nitl oes dim ANTIMONY ynddo, DM anrhyw ■ gtffyr peryvl,i r, arall, ao y mae yn ddiogel i anintil 9 yn lahob cyflwr. Gan bob Grocer. ■ MEWN TINS, is. yr un; 108.. y dwsin. I (Telir clodiad Dwsln i anrbyw cyMrfol ar ddmbjaiad B rotttd Order mb 10a. HUGH DA vms, gkmiixt, MACHYNLLETH. "Wlsb = Gazette" Being the only bilingual paper in the District it offers Unique Advantages. to Advertisers List of some of the principal places where "Cbt tueisb Gazette" is sold: r ABERYSTWYTH. ABERAYRON ABERDOVEY. ABERGYNOLWYN. ABERLLEFENNY. t ABERARTH. ARTHOG. BALA. BARMOUTH. BLAENAU FESTINIOG BRONANT. BLAENPENNAL. BORTH Bow STREET BANGOR. CARDIGAN"; CARMARTHRN J CARNARVON CEYMES CELLAN. CLLCENNIN Cpess INN. CORRIS. I CORWEN. CRICCIETH CWMYSTWYTH CRIBYN. DOLGELLEY. DINAS MAWDDWT DBRRY ORMOND DETIL'S BRIDGE. DREFACH. DIHEWYB. DYFFRYN EGLWYSFACH. FESTINIOG. GOGINAN. HARLECH. LAMPETER. LLANAFAN. LLAJlDADARN" F Å wa LLANDILO. LLANFIHANGEL. LLANFARIAN. LLANGWYRFON. LLANWNEN. LLANWENOG. LLANARTH. LLANDDEWI. LLANGEITHO. LLEBROD. LLANILAR. LLANON. LLAXBEDR. LLANGTBI. LLANYBYTHER. LLANDvSSUL. LLANBRYNMAIR. LUANRHYSTYD RoAa LLANRHYSTYD. LLANWWCHLLYN LLWYNGWRIL. MACHYNLLETH. MINFFORDD NEWTOWN. NEWCASTLE EKLft. NEWQUAY. PENNAL. PONT LLANIO. PONTRHYDFZNDIGAID. PoNTRHYDYGROES. PENSHYNSEVDBAXTH 2 PoRTMADOC. PENLLWYN. PONTERWYD. PENBHYNCOCH. PENPARKE. PWLLHELI. EHYSLIWIS. RHYDFYDR. TALYBONT. TREGARON, TALIESIN. TALGARREG. TALSARN. TALSARNAU. TOWYN. 4 TREFEIRIG. WELSHPOOL. YSTRAD. YSPYXTY YSTWSTHJ r LONDON. LIVERPOOL. LLANDILO. LLANDRINDOD WBLLI. LLWYNPIA. MANCHESTER. MBBTHYB TTBYI
> CARDIGAN. EltRATUM.-An error unavoidably crept into our report of excerpts from the Rev J. Williams's « powerful sermon which appeared in our last issue, and which he delivered to » large congregation at Bethania Baptist Chapel, Cardigan, on Sunday, 16th inst. The words irrespective of this act should have read irrespective of sevt." We regret that this error should have occurred. INQUEST.—Mr Ivor Evans (coroner), conducted an inquest on Thursday of last week to inquire, into the circumstances surrounding the death of Mr Thomas Jones, Plasyberllan, which sad event occurred on the previous Tuesday. Elizabeth Evans, maid servant, deposed that deceased was getting some hay on Saturday, the 15th inst. out of a rick, which was about eight feet high. When in the act of preparing to descend deceased must have missed- the ladder, which was somewhat short, and fell to the ground on his knees and hands, and ultimately on his head. He could not move, and had to be carried into the house.-Dr Jones, Boncath, stated that when he arrived at Plasyberllan he examined the deceased, and found that hislegs were paralysed. Deceased complained of a great pain in his neck. Witness was quite satisfied that there was a pressure on the spinal chord, probably due to dislocation of the spine. The case was hopeless from the first.-The jury returned a verdict in accordance with the medical evidence.—Deceased was forty-five years of age. ENTERTAINMENT.—An entertainment was held at the Guildhall, Cardigan, on Wednesday evening under the auspices of the Liberal Club, and proved a great success. Mr. Augustus Brigstocke, Blaen- pant, provided a most enjoyable evening to a crowded audience by giving some excellent selections on his concert gramaphone. The records included several solos by Mr. Ben Davis, Dan Leno, etc. In addition to this a magic lantern exhibition was given, the subjects on slides being" Life in the Navy" and Views in China." Mr. T. Matbias, Priory-street, manipulated the lantern, and the chair was occupied by Mr. A. M. Webb, Pendre. The entertainment did not come to a close until 11-15 p.m. MAYOR'S BALL.—The arranging of the supper at the Mayor's Ball, held at the Guildhall,Cardigan, on Tuesdny evening of last week (a report of which appeared in our issue of last week) was under the superintendence of the Mayoress (Miss Clougher), and the following rendered great assistance :-Mrs Nicholas, Metropolitan Bank; Mrs Richards, Heathfield; Mrs Felix, Miss Lloyd, and Miss N.! Evans, Black Lion Hotel. For the decoration of the Hall, plants," etc., were kindly lent by Mrs Davies, The Castle; Mrs Morgan Richardson, Noyadd-wilym Mr. J. Daniel, and Mr. D. Roberts: bunting by Mrs Phillips, Bank House; Mrs Car- penter, Capt. Griffiths, Emerald House; Capt. Lewis, Gordon-terrace; Mrs Davies, Royal Arms; Mercantile Co.; Messrs W. Josesh, D. Roberts, D. G. Davies, ironmongers; Owen Evans Sc Son; M Morris, Star Shop; and Mr. D. O. Jones. During the evening solos were tastefully rendered by Miss Gwen James, Gwalia House; Mr. W. Matthews and Mr. B. Morgan, B.Sc. FAT STOCK SHow.-A meeting of the committee of the Cardigan Fat Stock Show was held in the Council Chamber, Cardigan, on Friday evening, the Mayor (Mr. rthur Clougher) presiding. There was a small attendance.—The Town Clerk (Mr. D Morgan Jones) produced a letter which be had received from the Secretary of the Kennel Club, returning the entry forms of the prize winners at the late show, each of which the Club disqualified by reason of the owners not entering upon such form the name of the exhibits or the pedigree of the dogs, and the other particulars, as provided for by the Kennel Club rules.—It was resolved that the Town Clerk write to the secretary of the Club and ask them to re-consider their decision as the committee were desirous that the prizes should be paid to the original winners.—It was recommended that the date ofltbis year's show be fixed for the confirmed bv a general meeting. 17th of December,but the matter was left over to be ST. DOGMELLS RURAL DISTRICT COUNCIL.—A special meeting of the above Council was held at the Workhouse.ST. Dogmells, on Thursday last after the conclusion of the poor law business, when the following members attended Rev. E. D. Evans (vice chairman). Messrs Lewis Davies, William Williams, Thomas George, D. Griffiths, Thos. Colby, Jonah Evans, and D. J. Edwards.—This meeting bad been adjourned from the last ordinary meeting for the purpose of considering tenders for the con- creting and the fencing in of the land recently purchased at Eglwyswrw for the erection of an isolation hospital. Two tenders had been received, but both being considered very high it was proposed by Mr. Lewis Davis, and seconded by Mr. D. *J. Edwards, and resolved as regards the fencing that the land be fenced round with iron standards 4ft. high, connected with five strands of barbed wire fencing. As regards the concreting it was decided that the tenders sent in be deferred, and that the following standing committee be appointed to- further consider the same, viz :—Rev. E. D. Evans, Messrs Jonah Evans, Thos. George, D. Griffiths, Thos. Colby, and D. J. Edwards: Mr D. B. Phillips, thf sanitary inspector, to be the convener. BOARD OF GUARDIANS. The usual fortnightly meeting of the Cardigan Board of Guardians was held at the Workhouse, St. Dogmells, on Thursday, of last week. Mr 1 Benjamin Rees, chairman, presided. There were also present, Rev E. D. Evans, Rev J. Williams, Mr T. H. Williams, Mr T. George, Mr Thomas Colby, Mr Jonah Evans, Mr Lewis Davies, Mr D. Griffiths, Mr James Evans (Verwig), Mr W. Williams, Mr J. Stephens, and Mr D. J. Edwards. MASTER'S REPORT. The Master reported that there were sixty-five inmates in the house, as compared with seventy- four in the corresponding time last year. During the fortnight one pauper was admitted, none dis- charged, no births, one death. Twenty-four tramps had visited the institution during the past fort- night, as compared with seven in the correspond- ing time last year. OUT-DOOR RELIEF. According to the reports of the Relieving Officers, the following was the amount of out-door relief administered during the past fortnight:— £ 115 15s 4d to 450 paupers; corresponding period last year, L115 19s 4d, giving a decrease in the expen- diture of 4s. The number of paupers relieved in the corresponding fortnight last year was 469, in- crease, nineteen. Amount in the relieving officer's hands, Baynes, iC4 Os 5d Griffiths, Z5 19s 4d. THE ADVERSE BALANCE BXPLAINED. The balance against the Union was reported to be iElOl 2s 8d.The Clerk (Mr D. Davies), explained that there was Z430 due to the Board from the Pembrokeshire County Council, and E411 from the Cardiganshire County Council, and in April a grant would be allowed them of E599 from the Local Government Board. In about two months' time they would have about £ 1,400 in hancfc THE QUESTION OF THE DIETARY TABLBS. The Clerk stated that he bad gone very carefully into the matter of the new dietary tables, with the result that he bad prepared them in accordance with the Act of Parliament. In addition to this he had forwarded them to the auditor, who had un- officially examined them and found them correct. The committee appointed for the purpose had not been called for the simple reason that he (the Clerk) did not think it necessary. The dietary tables as framed in the first instance were incorrect, as too little bread was allowed at each of the meals. —Mr. T. H. Williams asked if there would be any increase in the cost in consequence of the new tables.—The Clerk replied in the negative.—Mr. T. H. Williams proposed that the new dietary tables be adopted.—Mr. Jonah Evans seconded, and on the proposition being carried, the tables were signed by the Chairman. VACCINATION RETURNS. The Clerk produced the Relieving Officer's returns of vaccination for the year ending December, 1900: Mr Bayne's district, births, 217; successful vac- cinations, 189 number of certificates granted for conscientious objection, 5; died unvaccinated, 20; postponed, 1; removed, 2. Mr Gritliths' district;- Births, 92; successf"l vaccinations :Bl certificates of objection, 2; died unvaccinated, 5 removed, 3. For the year ending June, 1901:—Mr Baynes' dis- trict, births, 113; successful vaccinations, 94; no certificate of objection; died unvaccinated, 14; postponed 4 ;removed, 1. Mr Griffiths' district:- Births, 54; guccessfulVacoinations, 47 certificates of objection, 4 died unvaccinated, 2 removed, 1. THE VACCINATION OF INMATES. A communication received from Dr Phillips con- tained the information that he has vaccinated two of the inmates. Two had raised an objection, and five made a statement to the effect that they had hatt small pox.—Mr T. H. Williams asked what the fees were.—The Clerk: The doctor's fee for vac- cinating the public is 2s 6d at the surgery, and 6s 6d at the house, for which the Union has to pay. TRAMPS AND VACCINATION. Mr F. H. Williams said that he desired to refer the resolution passed at the last meeting respect- ing the vaccination of tramps, before being admitted to the Workhouse. He also wished to point out the danger incurred by; tramps going into the surgery at such times when they were possibly suffering from small pox, and other persons being there at the same time. He was of opinion that some room ought to be provided for the examina- tion of tramps. He had heard that there were complaints being made concerning tramps walking about the streets.—The Chairman remarked that he had not heard any complaints from the doctors.— Mr T. H. Williams said that the public were entitled to protection.—Rev J. Williams By the passing of such a resolution the tramps are con- sequently kept in town until they see the doctor. The guardians are therefore defending themselves J the risk of other people.—Mr Jonah Evans I cannot see what more reasonable steps the Guardians can take, than etting the medical officer to examine a tramp.-ic J. Williams: I do not think Mr Evans that yon exactly appreciate the argument raised by Mr T, H. Williams and myself. Our objection is simply this, that by the resolution tramps are kept hanging about the streets. Person- ally, I think the resolution itself is illegal. The moment the tramps are in our hands, we are responsible for them.—The Chairman was of the opinion that they could not possibly protect the public more than they en- deavoured to do in resolution. A tramp when he applied for a ticket was sent to be examined. This course was adopted in order to detect whether a man had small-pox or not, aud he thought that Cardigan was the proper place to get hold of them. —Mr. T. H. Williams: I certainly think that the Chairman is endeavouring to protect St. Dognens, and I protest against Cardigan being made a centre for tramps to be examined. Some place ought certainly to be found for them instead of the men having to walk about the streets waiting for a ticket or the doctor.—Rev. J. Williams Some pro- vision ought to be made at the Workhouse for that purpose. One matter that I entirely object to is the infectious ward being in the middle of the insti- tution. Some provision outside the building should be made at once. There is a certain amount of difficulty in detecting whether a man has small-pox or not, as a man might be passed to go to the Work- house one day, and in the next he might be suffer- ing from disease. If so, is the man to be removed to the infectious ward in the middle of the house ? --The Clerk stated that the Guardians had no power to incur any expense,or to provide an isolation hospital. That duty fell upon the Town Clerk as the urban sanitary authority. The resolution that had been passed, he thought, was perfectly legal. He was of the opinion that tba Town Council were shuffling their responsibility upon the Guardians.— Mr. T. H. Williams: I deny that assertion. The Town Council and the Rural District Council are doing their best in the matter.—Rev. J. Williams: Are we to understand that should a case of small- pox occur in the Workhouse that it will be taken out of our hands 1—The Clerk replied that providing a case occurred in the institution they would have to take charge of the case and place the patient in the infectious ward.—The Chairman remarked that some tramps came into the town that morning. He thought that they should be sent away as they would not require a ticket until that evening.—Rev. J. Williams: I am of the opinion that if the Guardians have the right to provide an infectious ward that they have also the right to provide a room somewhere else.—Mr. T. Colbey thought, that the question of the infectious ward should be re- referred to the House Committee, as probably they might be able to suggest a more suitable position. —The matter then dropped.
BARMOUTH. THAW.—After the heavy fall of snow, and the long frost, a thaw set in on Saturday last. The weather is now much milder, and snowdrops and primroses have been gathered. WESLEYAN CHAPKL.—It is expected that the internal alterations in this chapel will be completed at an early date, and that the re-opening will take place on Easter Sunday. PERSONAL.—We are glad to understand that Mr W. J. Morris, J.P., of the Cambrian Establishment, and Mr B. J. Allsop, of the Corsygedol and Marine Hotels, are both greatly improved in health after their indispositions, and it is hoped they will in a few weeks be convalescent. RATEPAYER'S UNIO-The first of a series of meetings under the auspices of the above union was held on Friday evening last at the Board Schoolroom. The object of the meetings is to stimulate the rate-payers to a sense of their duty in regard to municipal affairs, and to decide upon proper aad suitable candidates to serve on the County Council. Urban District Council, School Board, and as Guardians of the Poor. The doings of the Union will, no doubt, keep the town in a tur- moil while the selection of candidates is proceeding. So far the excitement has not reached a high pitch, nor was the meeting on Friday last very well attended. At the next meeting, which will be held to-morrow evening, February 28th, it is intended to name candidates to fill the four seats that will become vacant on the Urban District Council. The desire to serve on these public boards is not so great as was the case in past years, yet there are still a few ambitious spirits among the electorate. These meetings have been the means of bringing several young men to take an interest in the municipal affairs of their town, which has had a beneficial effect in and upon the government of the town. PETTY SESSIONS.—The monthly session was held at the Masonic Hall on Friday last, having been adjourned from the Police Station to the more commodious room. The justices present were Alderman Lewis Lewis (in the chair), Rev J G Davies, and Councillor John Evans.—Robert Morris, boatman, was charged by P.C. D Roberts with being drunk and disorderly in the public street. Having been summoned previously for similar offences, he was fined 7a 6d and costs.-Griffith Roberts, painter, was also charged with the same offence. He pleaded guilty, and was fined 2s 6d and costs. Two brothers named John Jones and Evau Jones, and John Hughes, all from Arthog, were charged with dis- orderly conduct on licensed premises, the refresh- ment rooms at Barmouth Junction, and refusing to quit. Mr R Guthrie Jones appeared on behalf of Messrs Spiers & Pond, the prosecutors, and Mr Wm George (of the firm of Messrs George & George) appeared on behalf of the two brothers. John Hughes did not appear,nor was he detfended. The hearing of the case lasted over three hours, and the defendants were each fined 20s with costs.—Mr D Oswald Davies applied for the transfer of the Royal Station Hotel from Mr George Crump to Mr Samuel Bibb. The application was granted.—John Griffiths, labourer, Dyffryn, was charged by P.S. Owen with being drunk. Defendant did not appear, and a fine of 10s and costs was imposed,—Robert Pugh, plasterer's laboarer, Llyndu, was charged by P.S. Owen with making use of profane language in High- street. Defendant pleaded guilty, and was fined 2s 61 and costs.—Richard Morris, miner, also of Llyndu, another very old offender, was charged with being drunk. Fined 10s and costs.-Robert Lloyd, farmer, Arthog, was charged with beating a lad of 14 years of age on the previous Monday, a son of John Richards, also of Arthog. Mr George appeared for the prosecution, and Mr R. Guthrie Jones for the defendant. The case was dismissed. The court sat for nearly five hours. REMINISCENSES OF BARMOUTH. T'is Sixty Years Since "-there is a magic spell in the very words; for is not that the name of the finest story ever penned by the Wizard of the North. History, as well as the novel, can throw a
REMINISCENSES OF BARMOUTH. T'is Sixty Years Since"—there is a magic spell in the very words; for is not that the name of the finest story ever penned by the Wizard of the North. History, as well as the novel, can throw a charm over the past; and for this reason remini- scenses are always valuable. The history of the Barmouth post service is one which affords con- siderable scope for retrospection. During the forties, the fifties, and the sixties, the Post Office was kept by or.e Ellis Jones, who combined with the duties of postmaster the business of drape* and grocer. Judged by the standard of that period. be was a scholar, musician, and business man of more than ordinary ability, he was an elder with the Wesleyan denomination, and in fact one of the men of light and leading in what was then a small fishing village. The primitive method adopted by the Post Office authorities at that time for the carrying of the mails was no doubt in keeping with the requirements of the age, but it is no exaggeration to say that for every letter then received and despatched, the mail now deals with several hundreds. In place of one delivery daily also, and only one letter carrier, there are now four deliveries daily, and six carriers, as well as five telegraph messengers. The arrival of the mails also was not as regular and as punctual as the demands of more modern times require. Some- times the mail arrived as early as 2-30 a.m.. and at other times not before three p.m. When the snow ar,d frost held sway, the mail would be delayed till six or seven o'clock in the evening. Letters from London and the East Coast occupied nearly two days in transit, and after heavy storms the wivaa and relatives of men engaged on the sea were kept in a state of suspense for many days, pending the arrival of news from those near and dear to them. On such occasions crowds would often be seen in the vicinity of the post-office awaiting the arrival of the mail cart. The mail cart was of peculiar build, having only one seat, and that for the driver, who was not allowed to carry a passenger even if he coud. Underneath the seat was a recep- tacle to hold thp mail bass. The terminns from Barmouth in the northerly direction was Tanybwlch, which at that time was a noted posting station. The letters for this district were brought there from Carnarvon in one of the old mail coaches. At Tanybwlch they were sorted, and then placed in separate bags to be dropped at the villages en route to Barmouth. The two best-known drivers on the Barmouth and Tanybwlch road were Richard Williams and Dafydd Owen, both natives of this town. The first named not being of a robust con- stitution, was not able to retain the office for a long period. He was followed by Dafydd Owen, a man better fitted physically to encounter the hardships of the post. No man fulfilled his duties better than he did, and the highest confidence was reposed in him for his .sobriety. civility, and honesty. He was also the possessor of a retentive memory. It was interesting in his latter days to hear him recount some of his experiences. He bad been several times attacked by highwaymen, and his life was in danger more than once. Although he had been in Her Majesty's service for many years, he was discharged without any pension, and having reared a large family, and his wages being small, he was not able to provide for ilinesi and old age. Several of his descendants still occupy trustworthy positions in the post office in different parts of Wales and England. The letters wera delivered in town by an old dame, named Mally Jones, wife of a cooper, at theweekly stipend of 3s 6d. She discharged the duties for a considerable period, but was ultimately obliged to resign owing to old age. Old Mally was always a great favourite with the children. Frequently, she did not complete the delivery of letters till the approach of night, this being due to the numerous tete-a-tctes at the different houses at which she called. Her successor was another noted personage of the name of Sarah Edwards, an English woman by birth, who had married a Barmouth sea captain. She was not able to speak the vernacular with ease, her pronounciation of the Welsh language often causing great merriment. In character and demeanour she was the opposite of old Mally. Being a little better endowed with general know- ledge and business ability, and not so fond of gossip, she performed her task with greater despatch. Death, however, removed her after a comparatively short period of service. The last but two of the female letter carriers was a widow, I named Ellen Evans. The two already mentioned occupied the position during the life-time of Mr Ellis Jones. Ellen Evans was engaged by Mr Richard Jonee. She did her work systematically, and was in the service for several years until her death. The town then began toinsrease in population, and two letter carriers were engaged, one for each end of the town, so as to be able to deliver letters with greater promptness. The two successful candidates were Rebeccah Griffith daughter of the old driver (Dafydd Owen), and Gwen Owen (his daughter-in- law). Both are still living, but are not in the service of the post office, as they have long been superseded by male carriers. Personal testimony can be borne to the honesty and faithfulness of the five females in the performance of their arduous duties in all weathers, and at a very small recom- pense. About 38 years ago, Mr Ellis Jones, advancing in years, and having had an attack of palsy, tendered his resignation, which was accepted. Mr Richard Jones was selected to succeed him, and the Post Office was removed to his shop, which was in a more central part of the town. floon after his appointment and the advent of the railway to the town, followed by a large influx of visitors, the necessity for a great change became evident. Mr R. Jones was obliged to give up the grocery trade, and devote his whole time to the postal duties, eventually engaging, his two sons to assist him, | the elder of whom predeceased him. On the death of Mr Richard Jones, the surviving son, Mr E. R. Jones, through the influence of the late Mr Samuel Holland, M P., was appointed postmaster, and still has charge of the office. A curious arrangement which prevailed in the old days was to drop letters unstamped into the letter box, and to put a penny in after it. Not a few put letters in without a stamp or tne penny, which made matters somewhat awkward for the postmaster. There not being many who could write in those days, and the oldest postmaster being somewhat of an expert in identifying handwriting, it was his custom to send to the writers of the unstamped letters asking each if they had not forgotten to put a penny in the box when putting the letter in, which generally resulted in the erring one placing down his penny. Others, of a more careful nature, would place the penny in a paper and:pin it to the letter, requesting the omcia] to place a stamp on the letter. As this was in the time before envelopes came into general use, the letters were wrapped in all shapes and forms, and were fastened with wafers and sealing wax, both of which commodities were then in great demand. As letters then were not delivered outside the town, those addressed to outsiders and farmers were placed in the post office window, with the address facing' the public It was the custom then, whenever a farmer or: anyone living outside the town expected a letter, when visiting the town on business or other matters, to call at the Post Office and examine the letters there displayed, and would take away any for themselves or neighbours. During all the time this practise was in vogue there is not a single instance on record of letters being misappropriated, which speaks well for the honesty of our forefathers. At the present time letters are delivered tor miles outside the town, and almost every house in this district is visited three or four times a week if letters come for delivery. Within the Barmouth postal district there are seven pillar- boxes and two sub-offices, from which collections are made three and four times a day.—L.L.
CAPEL SION. FUNERAL OF MRS EVAN RICHARDS. The funeral of Mrs Richards, wife of Ald. Evan Richards, Penuwch Farm, took place on Friday afternoon last. It was the largest seen in the district for many a year, the cortege consisting of nearly sixty carriages, traps and other vehicles. Mrs Richards was a lady who had won high respect by her exemplary character, and her unbounded hospitality had secured for her the true affection of a host of friends. Universal sympathy has been extended the family in their bereavement. The gathering on Friday was representative of the dis- trict for many miles around, and the many tear- ful eyes were genuine proof that a distinct loss had been sustained by the death of Mrs Richards. A short service was conducted at the house, when the Rev W. Ll. Davies, Blaenplwyf, read a portion of the Scripture, and the Rev Evan Jones, Llanon, offered prayer. The distance to Capel Seion is fully two miles, and the procession, as it wended its way along the road, was estimated to be fully half-a-mile in length. At the chapel the Rev David Jones, Rhydyfagwyr, read and prayed. Then followed addresses by the Revs R H Edwards, Seion; Isaac Davies, Rhyd-ddu; David Morgan, and Isaac Joel. Prayer having again been offered by the Rev T J Morgan, Bow Street, the following hymn verse, which was a favourite of the deceased's, was sung with true Welsh feeling:— Gorphwys, gorphwys Ion bererin, Cwsg i ben dy dawel hun, Nes daw Crist i'th alw i godi Ar ei ddelw hardd ei hun; Ni bydd ol y bedd na phechod Nac un llygredd ar dy wedd, Ti gai ganu buddugoliaeth Ar ymylon oer y bedd. The seen at the graveside was a pathetic one, and after one long last look at the coffin, the sorrowing relatives slowly departed. Beautiful wreathes had been received from Mr Evans, gardener, Nanteos; Mrs James, Edgeware-road, London; Miss Sarah Ann James, Festiniog (niece); Mr Richard Jenkins, London (cousin); and Mr and Mrs Richard Davies, London. The chief mourners were Alderman Evan Richards, husband; Mr David Jones, Tangraig (son), and Mrs Jones; Mr Isaac Jones, Cefnllwynpiod (son), and Mrs Jones; Mr Richard Jones, Nantybenglog Uchaf (son), and Mrs Jones; Mr John Jones, Penowch; Messrs David Richards. Llwynpia; John Richards, Tregaron; Thomas Richards, Llwynpia; and Daniel Richards, Treorky (brothers of Mr Evan Richards); Mrs Jones, Rhayader (sister of Mrs Richards); Mr R L James, London (nephew); and Mr Thomas James, London. Amongst those present at the funeral, were the Revs John Bowen; W M Davies, Goginan; Morgan Morgan, Capel Bangor; Isaac Davies, Rhyd-ddu; D Morgan, Penllwyn; E Evans, vica; of Llanfihangel-geneu'r-glyn; R H Evans, Sionr XT' T T 1. — T_1. A_ D1,. It. fivdu juuea, xjiauou ï ",UIIU v/weu, xjiauupeiinaJj, David Jones, Rhydyfagwyr; and Gwmryn Jones, Aberystwyth Mr T James, J.P., And Mrs James, Aelybryn; Mr David Jones, Rest, Llanafan; Mr and Mrs Morgan Morgan, Lodge Farm, Crosswood Mr David James, London; Mr John Richards, Maes- bangor; Mr and Mrs E Howells, Trering; Messrs Fred Hughes, Abertrinant; James Thomas, Llwyn- dewi; J James, Pwllcenawon; J Parry, Glanpaith; Robert Roberts, Blaengader; Rowland Morgan, Great Darkgate-street; W Richards, Market-street; David Morgan, Pier-street; T W Powell and Mrs Powell; Jenkin Thomas and Mrs Thomas. Bridee- street; J H Edwards, butcher, North-parade; Capt Davies, Sea View-place; Mr and Mrs Dan Jones; Messrs David Williams, saddler, Trefechan; R Ed, wards, butcher, Little Darkgate-street; J G Rowe; D Jones; Wm Lloyd, Newry House; Miss Morgan, Great Darkgate-street, and Mrs Morgan; Joseph Parry, Goginan I H Jones, Cwmwythig; John Ed- wards and Morgan Edwards; David Thomas, Rhiw- arthen Uchaf; Richard Morgan, Brynbala; Hugh Davies, Ffynonoer; John Morgan, -Tyllwyd, Cwm- rheidol; John Jones, Tyncoed, Llanilar; W Jenkins, Nantyrhaiarn John Daniel, Perllan ber; W Evans, Cnwch; Richard Thomas, Frongog; David James, Caergwydd; Mrs Mary Thomas, Llanarth; Mrs Thomas, Rhiwarthen Uchaf; Messrs John Williams, Erwrtomau; David Hughes, Gilfachafan, Llanrhys- tyd; J Davies, Penuwcb Fach; J Morgan, Pwllyr- isaf; David Lewis, Ffoslas; D James, Nantyben. glog Isaf; D Davies, Penrhiw; R L Thomas, Fron- gog; James Jones, Tyllwyd; S Evans, Bwlcherwys; W Rowlands, Brenan; R Thomas, Bryseaga; W Richards. Bryncynon; J E James, Maesbangor; Samuel Evans, Nantgwyn; John Thomas, Llwya- dev. i; J Thomas, Cwmgaseg; Richard Richards, Gwarfelin; David Lewis, Pengraig; Richards, Pencrug; Joel. Pantycyrnau; J S Davies, GlaD- ystwyth; Wm Thomas, LI wyniorwerth Isaf; Rees; Williams, Ochrgadair; Thomas Morgan, Tyntfordd; I John Davies, Pcngwernau; J Rattray, Lisburne House; T Jenkins, Tanllan; John Ellis, Bwlch; James Hughes, Llanafan; John Jones, Waungrug; Enoch Davies, Bankymor; Wm Jones, Llwynbrain; J Morris, grocer, Llanilar; Scott, Penglanowen; David Richards, Goginan Farm; Morgan, Bron- llangwrda W Morgan, Gilfachgoch; Pickering, Tynbedw; Mrs Morgans, Bwlchmawr; W Wright, Tynfron D Edwards, Dolfor; R Rowlands, Cwm- wylog: John Davies, Pentrellyn Mrs Morgan, Tyn- llwyu; D Walters, New Cross; W Evans, TyUwyd Isaf; John James, Bangor Cottage; John James, Lanlwyd; John Davies, Sarnau; M Hughes, Pen- y-banc, etc.
SPIDER MONKEYS. The London Zoo has lately been enriched by the addition to its stock of monkeys of two specimens of the spider monkeys. These are American species, and possess the power of using the tail as a fifth hand, a feature seen in New World species only. This power is typically seen in the little Capuchin monkeys, which the organ-grinders occasionally utilise by way of adding to the attractiveness of their performances. This is not the first ap- pearance of the spider monkeys at the Zoo. But there are difficulties in acclimatising these animals to their British surrqundings. The evolution of the American monkeys presents a problem of deep interest to zoologists, for they are essentially different from their Old World cousins, and would appear to have arisen from some independent stock, whereof little or no knowledge is possessed by naturalists.
THE CAMPHOR TREE. The camphor tree is an evergreen, and be. longll to the same genus as the tree whose bark furnishes cinnamon. It also belongs to the same class as the sassafras of the United States. It is a native of Eastern Asia, and is one of the noblest trees of that section. It grows to a con- siderable height. The trunk rises straight for twenty or thirty feet, and the branohes then extend in all directions. The foliage is broad, lanceolate in form, of light-green colour, smooth and shiny on the upper wide and whitish on the under surface. From February to April the trees bear small white flowers, and in October have a berry-like fruit which is about three- eighths of an inch in diameter. The trees grow very large, frequently measuring at the trunk ten to fifteen feet in diameter.
MOST ANCIENT OF GOLD SEEKERS. A mining centre probably worked as early as 3,500 B.C., has been discovered between the Red Sea and the Nile. The remains consist of irregular stone huts, usually cantaining about •0 to 100 square feet, and these are grouped in some places in twos and threes, and In others in towns large enough for 1,000 men and having outside walls. The ancient workings are buried in sand. The only vestiges of the mining appli- ances are numerous circular quartz mills and elliptical rubbing stones, the latter having been i evidently used with stone rolling pins for re- ducing the rock to coarse powder, while the circular mills finished the grinding to the necessary fineness. The gold was then washed out.
THE "RUNAWAY STAR." Recent determinations of the motion of the celebrated runaway star show that that singular object is approaching the earth at the rate of 59 miles per second, or more than three times the velocity of thtr eadh in its orbit about the sun. Unless it changes its course however it will never get near the solar system, because its velocity of motion across our lino of sight amounts to no loss than 150 miles per second. Its velocity in a straight line is sufficient to carry it across the distance separating the sun from the nearest fixed star, Alpha Centauri, in about 5,000 years.
GLACIAL PERIODS. Glacial periods, it appears, may result from quite moderate changes of climate. Assuming that some cooling in the Polar regions lowers the mean temperature, Mr. H. N. Dickson con- cludet4 that the changes of temperature and rainfall necessary to produce all known glacial phenomena are much less than has been supposed. MANLY PROPORTION. In the man of itversige stature the height of the body is 10 times the length of the face the face, from the chin to the hair, is as long as the hand the arm is fcur times the length of the face; the Kolo of the foot is one-sixth the length of the body and six times the thiokness of the hand, in the thiokeso place, equals the j thickness of the body. thickness of the body.
AN ELECTRICAL ANOMALY. A puzzling fact is that high-frequency eleotri- sal currents transmit to man An immense amount of energy without producing any sensa- tion. A suggested explanation is that the cur- rents pass over tho surface of the body, but two French electriciaus have shown that suoh currents kill rabbits aud rats.
AN OCTOPUS WITH ARMS 47ft. LONG. A Newfoundland fisherman recently found ft great cuttle fish, which had been thrown up by the sea, high and dry. Its body was 30ft. long; its tentacle measured 47ft; its girth was 12f and its tail 9lt. long. This makes it larger than a celebrated octopnø captured 15 years Ago. which has hitherto held the record.