Business Notices. L 111 —' M..L. <J ■. I EG=—SJ. '=9 ESTABLISHED 186 8. Edwards, Evans & Co., TREGARON SUPPLY (WHOLESALE OR RETAIL) FROM STOCK OR TO ORDER, Coal, Lime and Cement. Building Materials of all kinds. Agricultural Implements and Machinery. Best Makers only. Builders' and General Household Ironmongery. Furniture, China, Glass, Wallpapers and General Furnishings. Photographic Accessories, etc. THE NEW CLIMAX SHEEP TROUGH (CAFN DEFAID). RHAGOROL A BRAD. I To Feed Trough is 30 in. diameter 10 Sheep. J and 5 in. deep. Edge of trough stands 11 in. from In ten separate compart- ground. ments. Provided with a Top not shown in illustration. There is a division bar between each leg on all these troughs. Lt is evident to all that Sheep or any other animals feeding at a ROUND Trough have much more room for their bodies than when feeding at a Straight Trough this Trough is introduced on these lines. The Utility, Portability, and General advan* tages, with low price, recommend it as one of the best Troughs for sheep and lambs. Edwards, Evans & Co., TREGARON. or ALI' i 41 Campau a Canternau 0 BOB MATH. Edwards, Evans & Co., TREGARON Business Notices. OWENS BROS., 31, NORTHGAT STREET ABERYSTWYTH BUILDE JOINERS, UNDERTAKERS,&C Estimates given for every descripti n of work WORKSHOP-PORTLAND LANE N 0 T I C E I JOHN ROBERTS, TOBACCONIST, fJIERRACE JJOAD, 9 A.BERYSTWYTH AGENT FOR GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY Co. LTD ALADDIN'S MAGIC TEA: |y— ¡1 "ALADDIN'S My MAGfC- II I :'U THE BEST IN THE MARKET WILLIAM WILLIAMS & c OMPANY BUTTON STREET,! IVERPOOLI — — — A D. JONES, HGH-L TAILOR, CHALYBEATE STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. G ENTLEM.ENIS HUNTING & gHOOTING SUITS. JJREECHES A SPECIALITY. J ITERIES, IF GH-CLASS ]LADIES'T AILOR-MAD 0OSTUMES Made by Experienced Workmen on the premise* DAVID HOWELL. GENERAL DRAPERY ESTABLISHMENT. 33 & 35, GREATiDARKGAfE Sn AND g MARKET STREET,: ABERYSTWYTH! w k,L S HFLAN.NELS AND SHAWLS CARPETS AND LINOLEUMS. FOR REAL WELSH FLANNEL AND WOOLLEN GOODS GO TO J. & E. EVANS, GENERAL DRAPERS AND MILL NERS — 40 GREAT DARKGATE STREET AB E R Y. S T W Y T R J. GWILYM EYANS Family Grocer & Provision Merchant, THE STORES, HIGH STREET AND STATION ROAD TOWYN. NOTED HOUSE FOR TEA. BEST IN PURITY AND FLAVOUR. — _■ V J. WALTER EVANS, 19. G REAT ARKGATE' gTREET I ABERYSTWYTH. Is now showing a Splendid Selection of NEW GOODS In all Departments. BOYS' & MEN'S SUITS IN A GREAT VARIETY. NEW DRESSES FURNISHING GOODS lie NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS. Our columns are so crowded at present with news that we must impress upon our corio"dents the great importance of sending all communi- cations as early as possible. Itjis beyond our power always to set in type the great quantity of copy which is received on Tuesday, much of which might have been dispatched several days earlier. When it is possible we are glad to receive communications on Thursday and Friday for the following week's paper, and advertisers will greatly oblige by favouring us with their orders as early as they can. GOHEBYDD.—Anfonwch fel y byddo mewn Haw yn gynar dydd Llun, neu yn gynt os yn bosibl. Bydd i brydlondeb sicrhau ei ymddangosiad i raddau pell. SCHOOLMASTER.—Your suggestion has been anti- cipated by Mrs. Davies-Evans, of Highmead, who dwelt upon the matter at length at a recent speech-day at Lampeter. "Nature Notes" re- appear this week in our Leisure Hour column. We shall gladly record the "finds" of your pupils on condition that proofs of identification are satisfactory. J r NOTICE. The Welsh Gazette may be obtained every Thursday at Messrs Smith & Son's bookstall at Welshpool, Newtown. Corwen, Machynlleth, Cor- wen, Dolgelley, Barmouth, and Llandrindod Wells, and in London at Messrs Everett and Sons, Salis- bury-square, E.C. THE WELSH GAZETTE" WILL BE SENT Post Free for 6s 6d a Year, or 3s 3d for Six Months.
THE CRIMEAN PARALLEL. Cobden and Bright the two Patriots. THEIR SUFFERINGS AND TEM- PORARY UNPOPULARITY End in Real Victory. A LESSON FOR PRO-BOERS. [BY LLEWELYN WILLIAMS, B.C.L.] Two years ago I ventured to draw a parallel-which has since been much more ably and convincingly done by Mr. METHUEN in his little brochure Peace or War ? between the War of Independence in America and the present Boer war in South Africa. I have lately been reading MORLEY'S Life of Cobden," which has just been reprinted by COBDEN'S son-in-law, Mr FISHER UNWIN. At every step in the graphic narrative I was reminded of our experiences during the present war, and I cannot forbear to quote a few scattered passages which may help to cheer the spirits and strengthen the determination of some despondent Radical to keep on fighting the good fight to the end. Whatever difficulties be in our way, what- ever sacrifices we may be called upon to make, however terrible the unpopularity and odium attaching to opponents of the war, it is worth remembering in these dark days that COBDEN and BRIGHT endured even greater obloquy and loss of influence for their opposition to the Crimean War. THE ORIGIN OF THE WAR. Then, as now, there were acute differences of opinion as to the origin of the war. COBDEN himself was of opinion that we simply drifted into it. A Coalition Govern- ment-as now—was in power the Peelites (Tories) were rather opposed to intervention, the Whighs (e.g. the Liberal Unionists) were all in its favour. The Cabinet was I divided," says Mr. MORLEY, and that came to pass which always happens in such cir- cumstances. The section which had the strongest and most definite convictions won the day. This was the section practically headed by Lord PALMERSTON (Mr CHAMBER- LAIN) and supported by the great influence of Lord JOHN RUSSELL." We are apt to think that the New Diplomacy is the pro- duct of the New Imperialism. That is not Mr. Morley's belief. Diplomacy in their hands always meant either veiled menace or tart lecturing, instead of being the great, the difficult, the beneficial art, which it has been in the hands of the worthiest masters, of so reconciling interests, soothing jealous susceptibilities, allaying apprehensions, organ- ising influences, inventing solutions, that the world may move with something like steadi- ness along the grooves of deep pacific policy, instead of tossing on a viewless sea of pas- sion and violence." NATIONAL FRENZY. No one can read the records A that time without being forced to the conclusion that the Crimean War was more universally popular with the nation than the Boer war has ever been. -'Thr,, British nation," said Lord Palmerston La a private letter, is unanimous in this matter I say unanimous for I cannot reckon COBDEN, BRIGHT and Co. (Morley, Courtenay, Lloyd-George and Co.), for anything." In striking passage Mr Morley describes how the Peace Party had the whole world against them. It was not merely the august personages of the Court, nor the illustrious veterans in Government and diplomacy, nor the men used in great affairs of business. Besides all this, COBDEN and BRIGHT knew that the country at large, even their trusty middle and industrial classes, had turned their faces resolutely and angrily away from them. Their own great, instrument, the public meeting, was no longer theirs to wield. The army of the Nonconformists, which had so seldom been found fighting on the wrong side, was seriously divided. The Radicals were mis- led by their recollection of Poland and Hungary (Outlander grievances) into think- ing that war against Russia (the Transvaal) must be 'war for freedom' We find COBDEN complaining that even Gladstone (Hicks-Beach) had lent himself to the delusion that the people can be indulged in a cheap war' Tennyson published Maud," a work which Mr. Morley charac- terises as full of beautiful poetry and barbarous policy," which is only half true of the latest Swinburne sonnets. So dis- heartened indeed was COBDEN at the frenzy which had fallen upon the people that he said years after that he would never again oppose a war once the first shot was fired. I "It is no use to argue," he said, "as to what is the origin of the war, and no use whatever to advise the disputants. You might as well reason with mad dogs." LEADERS MORE PACIFIC THAN NATION. Another curious point of resemblance is that then as now the political leaders were far more pacific than their followers in the country. Of course Lord Palmerston —the Chamberlain of the day-was as in- solent as his successor. It was startling," says Mr. Morley," to look back upon the bullying contempt with which the man who was blind permitted himself to show to the man who could see." He once suggested in the House of Commons that COBDEN ought to be shut up in a lunatic asylum But the House, as a whole, was conciliatory, if not pacific. This is the description COBDEN gives of the reception given to one of his anti-war speeches. Not one breath of disapprobation, ond a fair share of support in the way of cheers." Indeed, some of the Ministers themselves were heartily ashamed of the war. Lord Aberdeen in 1855-the second yeer of bhe war-told COBDEN that although he was Prime Minister at the out- break of the war, -1 it was not the Parlia- ment or the public, but the press that forced the Government into the war." This was COBDEN'S own views also. I know," he said in a letter to a French correspondent, "proprietors of newspapers who have pocketed £3,000 or X4,000 a year through the war. It is not likely, unless they are very disinterested specimens of human nature, that they will oppose a policy so pro- fitable to themselves. Two other Ministers Sir James Graham and Sir George Corne- wall-Lewis, also confessed in private that the war was unjust and unnecessary. What if we heard the private opinion of Sir Michael Hicks-Beach or the Duke of Devon- shire on this war? POPULAR ANGER. But if there was little passion, and ..some philosophy, at Westminster, things were far different in the country. The Peace Party were almost entirely without followers. The nation was mud for the moment. Tennyson thanked heaven that the long, long, canker of peace was over and done." Social reform, he thought, was to be won by cultivating, "the blood-red blossom of war —exactly as we have heard in our days how war tends to bring forth the best and highest qualities of human nature. COBDEN was aghast at the childish glee with which the nation called upon Lord Palmerston to lead them-as we have witnessed the reckless grant of almost irresponsible power to Mr Chamberlain. Public opinion," says Mr Morley, was bitterly and impatiently hos- tile and intractable. COBDEN, at a meeting in his own constituency, after an energetic vindication of his opinions, saw resolutions carried against him. Every morning they were reviled in half the newspapers of the country as enemies of the commonwealth. They were openly told that they were traitors, and that it was a pity that they could not be punished as traitors." Was it not Lord Salisbury who a few weeks ago deplored that it was only in this country that eminent men could encourage their country's foes ? BLUNDERS. Not that the war was a very glorious one to this country. Lord Palmerston said that 60,000 English and French troops, with the co-operation of the fleets, would take Sebas- topol in six weeks. COBDEN gave reasons for thinking very differently, and was only laughed at for his pains. It would indeed be difficult for the historian to find in our annals "-so wrote Mr Morley in 1881, eighteen years before the outbreak of the present war-" a more remarkable exhibition of political heedlessness, administrative incompetency, and personal incoherence than marked the fifteen months after the declara- tion of war." The War Office then as now was in a scandalous state. The Secretary for War, the Duke of Newcastle, had to make room for another. As for the exchange of Panmure for Newcastle" (Brodrick for Lansdowne), wrote COBDEN, we who have been behind the scenes know that the public gain nothing by that." Within a few months of the outbreak of the war the country began to be disillusioned. The troops we were sending out were unfit. We are trusting the honour, reputation, and glory of Great Britain," wrote the Times correspondent, to undisciplined lads from the plough or the lanes of our towns and villages." Lord Kitchener's comments on the last batches of Yeomanry sent out to him, and Mr Kipling's latest libels on Tommy Atkins, were even more pungent. Icisnofaultof our brave army," wiote COBDEN ten months after the commencement of the war, that Sebastopol is still holding out—the fact is w. never ought to have made the plunge in the dark in the Crimea at all. Indeed, it has been admitted in the House by Lord John Sussell that both Government and general had been mistaken in their estimation of its strength." RECRIMINAXIONS. As disasters came, recriminations began to flow in. England's strength was fast becoming exhausted. COBDE. said that we had either to resort to conscription, like onr opponents and allies," or become a mere contingent of the French army. The country was not dis- posed to make real sacrifices or to enlist as soldiers, though the war was extremely popular in public meetings, in music halls, and in the press. After a while, the Ministers had to resign: Lord John Russell had to follow into retirement. The Times "-then a more powerful organ than now-began to growl and bite. The people began to cast for a victim vague but ominous talk was heard at public meetings against the aristo- cracy and the Crown. COBDEN would have none of it. So far as I am concerned," he said, "I will never truckle so low to the popular spirt of the moment as to join in any cry which shall divert the mass of the people from what I believe should be their first thought and consideration, namely, how far they themselves are responsible for the evils which may fall upon the land, and how far they should begin at home before they begin to find fault with others." A timely rebuke to those who, in our days, after shouting for war are now seeking for scape- goats, whether they be Sir William Butler, or Sir Redvers Buller, Lord Lansdowne, or Lord Kitchener. THE REAL VICTORY. Spite of surface and temporary unpopular- ity, it cannot be doubted that the real victory rested with COBDEN and BRIGHT. It is true that the popularity of Lord Palmerston never vanished in his lifetime, and that the anti- war men were snowed under" at the general election. Events showed in the long run," is Mr Morley's comment that COBDEN'S tactics were prudent. It was by the strenuoutlness and persistency of himself and Mr BRIGHT that they at last succeeded in making that gross and broad impression which it was their object to produce. They were routed on the question of the Crimean War, but it was the rapid spread of their principles which within the next twenty years made intervention inpossible in the Franco-Austrian War, in the American War, in the Danish War, in the Franco-German War, and above all in the war between Russia and Turkey which broke out only the other day." COBDEN clearly foresaw the results of the war. He was desirous that neither side should win, for the victor would swell with military pride. Putting human- ity and patriotism aside for the sake of argument," as COBDEN did, we may come to the same conclusion with regard to the present war. A clean win would do neither Boer nor Briton good. The best thing that eould happen would be a compromise, which would discourage all future recourse to w ar One remarkable effect the Crimean War had in unlikely quarters. Depend on it," said COBDEN, the Court and aristocracy are more than ever anxious to put an end to hos- tilities. They have found for the first time that their prestige, privileges, and dearest interests are more endangered than those of any class by a state of war." The Crown has never forgotten the lesson the aristo- cracy-which is so new that it has no traditions—and the people bad forgotten it. May we not hope that the oourageous stand of the reviled "pro-Boers" for peace and equity, and the bitter experiences of the war will teach the country the lesson which it had once learned and lost, and that it will be losg before we again resort to the arbit- rament of war, or make our appeal to the dread God of Battles ?
THE OPEN-AIR "TREATMENT. REPORTS from all parts of the world show that the open-air treatment for consumption is being very generally adopted, and that it is attended with fairly uniform success. The most encouraging thing that recent discovery has brought to light is the fact C) C5 that the treatment can be carried out successfully in our own country-bitd and treacherous as is the British climate. Over thirty sanatoria have already been estab- lishshed in the United Kingdom, and older institutions are being re-modelled in order to adopt the system. Public bodies are also rapidly falling into line with the new move- ment, and are giving it every encouragement and support; and much good work is being done in various directions by educating the mass of the people to the possibilities o escape, and of enjoying at least a compara- tive immunity from this, the most dreadful scourge that afflicts humanity at the present day. If all were to emulate the good example of Mrs DAVIES-EVANS, of High- mead, and do their part within their own circles to create a healthy and enlightened public opinion, we should not be long in securing many little reforms that would go far to banish this evil. Mrs DAVIES-EVANS, we are glad to note, never misses an oppor- tunity of educating the public, especially the children, on this vitally important matter; and she is eminently successful in driving her lessons home in a pleasant and agreeable manner. In another part of the paper we re-print some valuable advice from the Lancet," which, we think, should be given the.greatest publicity ossible. The Public Health Committee of the Cardiganshire County Council could do a vast amount of good in this, as well as in other directions; but that body for some reason or another does not seem to be capable of any sustained work, and its spasmadic efforts result, in no good. Cardiganshire did not take its due share in the recent joint-county conference at Haverfordwest, where it was decided to form a branch of the National Society for the Prevention of Consumption for the counties of Cardigan, Carmarthen and Pem- broke. We trust that the Public Health Committee will be able to give a better account of itself in the future than it has in the past.
NOTES AND COMMENTS. db. Our New Quay readers will find an item of much local interest in our report of the Aberystwyth Town Council. Sir Watkin Wynn, in response to an appeal from the War Office, has undertaken to raise a Welsh Regiment of Yeomanry for service at the front. Mr William Edwards, the recently- appointed county lecturer in agriculture under the University College of Wales, Abe rystwy tb, will enter upon his duties next week. — The small-pox epidemic in London appears to be spreading. Fifty-three new cases occurred on Tuesday, and fifty-six on Mon- day, the highest number during the present outbreak. ————— Calculated upon the corn averages for the past seven years, the value of each £100 tithe rent charge for the present year amounts to just over S67. This shows a slight increase for the first time for many years. —————— Mr Thomas Williams, J.P., of Gwaelod- ygarth, Merthyr Tydvil, has promised £ 1,000 to the Congregational Church extension movement in Wales if X19,000 be raised by June next. Already several thousand pounds have been promised. At the Cardigan Quarter Sessions on Thursday, the convictions of the Llanilar magistrates in the recent shebeening case in Cwmrheidol were quashed. The Court had an unusually long sitting. A report is given on another page. At a meeting of the Technical Instruction Committee of the Carmarthenshire County Council on Saturday, it was decided to give twenty scholarships of S5 each to elementary school masters attending the three weeks' couise instruction in horticulture at Aber- ystwyth College.. On Monday evening Mr John Evans, coroner, Aberystwyth, held an inquest on the body of Frank Watts, a navvy, who died at the Infirmary on Sunday morning. Watts, who was employed on the Devil's Bridge railway, was on his way home on Saturday afternoon, and he made a short cut along the face of the cliff. Stooping to pick up a bundle which he had dropped, he toppled over into the gorge below-a sheer drop of nearly 300 feet. He was terribly bruised and never regained consciousness. A verdict of Accidentally killed" was returned. A report is given elsewhere. Signs are multiplying that the passing of the horse is not far distant. The Post Office authorities have given the Manchester Haulage Company a contract to convey by motor the night mails between Manchester and Liverpool, thus extending the experi- ments in the metropolitan district. For the last eight years these mails have been carried by coach and horses. For the motor cars to be so used they must be capable of carrying a ton and a half. It is expected they will begin their work early in the spring. If the experiment should prove successful there is little doubt that the motor will replace the numerous existing coach services in scores of outlying districts in all parts of the country. It is to be hoped that those directly con- cerned with the management of the Aber- ystwyth Post Office will lay to heart the opinion of the Lord-lieutenant of Merioneth, who. in delivering judgment at the Quarter Sessions last week, said he did not think the Post Office authorities were doing right in picking up at a short notice young men during the heavy Christmas season and putting them to postal work. He thought it was a pity some means could not be devised to obviate this by either giving better payment or longer time to the postal officials of the country districts to find thoroughly efficient men for the work. The cheeseparing policy at Aberystwyth is rapidly driving things from bad to worse. At a meeting of the Birmingham Trades' Council on Saturday night a resolution was passed that, while expressing no opinion on the question of the war or the advisability of inviting Mr Lloyd George to address a public meeting in Birmingham, it was in the interest of the public at large that tb, rights free speech should be upheld and defended by the local governing authorities, and stated that the investigation invited by the Watch Committee should be accepted by the Government in order to place the respons- ibility on the originators of the disturbance In moving the resolution, Mr Ramsden said toe Council represented 30,000 artisans in the city, and they demanded that an inquiry should be held. Had such doctrines been propounded in Ireland as had been pro- pounded by certain newspapers in Birming- ham, the editor would have been in prison, and it would serve him right, It was decided to forward a copy of the resolution to the Home Secretary. Bristol refused to rob Birmirgham of her laurels by going one better and cracking Mr Lloyd-George's- skull." It was thought that Mr Lloyd-George would, at Bristol on Monday night, experience a repetition of some such disturbance as occurred last month at Birmingham, but Bristol is a city of narrow thoroughfares, and the streets that led to the hall in which the meeting was held were barricaded and guarded by the police. Some thousands of people assembled near the hall, but they did no more than cheer and sing in disapproval of the meeting. They had been asked to come together and protest in an orderly manner against a tricky attempt to hold a pro-Boer meeting in the heart of our old city, to pre- judice the country's cause and strengthen the hands of Britain's bitter foes." The meeting passed a resolution protesting against a war policy of extermination, and calling upon the Government to propose terms of peace honourable to both sides. The Bristol audience did not like the name of the Colonial Secretary, and there were shouts of disapproval, and when the speaker asked if it were now treason to propose terms which were proposed by a British General in February, he was answered, "Only in Birmingham." "Ah," was the smart retort, but they have a different. King in Birmingham."