THE OTTER AND THE SALMON. ii view of the fact that the scarcity of salmon in our rivers has quite recently been the subject of a Royal Commission, it would not be amiss to recall the part which the otter is said to play in the life history of that fine and familiar fish. Otter-hunting is carried on annually in the rivers Tivy and Dovey but it is very questionable whether the persecution of the otter is as profitable as it may be pleasurable. Recent reports of hunts which have appeared in our columns show that the hunts are not free from wanton cruelty. Our object at present, however, is not to enter a protest against this kind of abuse, but to ask whether the wholesale destruction of the otter is a "paying game in the long run. We are I told by naturalists that the otter has a special use in the preservation of the salmon. It is well-known that these fish must leave the sea for the purpose of depositing their spawn, and that they must return to the salt water to recruit their strength after that exhausting process. If these migrations were neglected or unduly interfered with, in process of time salmon would cease to exist. We are further told by naturalists that many salmon are so constituted as to be disinclined to fall in with these migrations, which are necessary for the constitution of I' their race. Some would prefer to remain in the sea, and deposit their spawn there. Nature, however, comes to the rescue, and forces the fish into fresh water. A louse, which infests the salmon when in the sea, causes him. such irritation that he seeks the fresh water to avoid his tormentors. After spawning, the fish become enfeebl'ed and languid they seek the quiet and repose of deep, still pools, where they often stay, too weak to wish to return to the sea, to become diseased, and die. Herej Nature again interferes and provides a means of driving them off from this quiet, indolent life; and the otter is said to be the agent. If a salmon pool be visited by otters, and the lazy salmon hustled, then they must stir themselves, and make an effort to get to the sea sooner than they otherwise would have- done and many a fish that would have- stayed too long in the rivers, by means of the otter goes down to the sea, to return again increased enormously in size and condition. It is a mistake to believe that otters feed on salmon only, or chiefly. Tlioi will feed on almost anything; and their dietary table is said to include frogs and .birds, but their choicest morsel, it is believed, is the eel—for this they will up the finest and most fresh run salmon. .Those who are interested in both the-otter and the salmon may be able to throw further light on this interesting and not unimportant i subject.
NOTES AND COMMENTS. ■ ■ i ■ —— 'I. A new English novel, entiled Cardigan," from the pen of Mr R. W. Chambers, is to be published shortly. To-day, a public meeting,, convened by Sir Mnrteine Lloyd, will be held at Lam- peter for the purpose of electing three representatives for Cardiganshire on the Welsh Pbny and Cob Society. After a most successful ministry, extend- ing over a quarter of a century, the Rev Thomas Levi has signified his intention of •retiring from the pastorate of the Calvinistic Methodis church, worshiping at the Tàber- nacle, Aberystwyth. On Monday, on his 91st birthday,, the Rev John Spurgeon,. father of the eminent Baptist preachers,, who, have "pi-edeceised him, laid the foundation stone of an exten- sion of the South Norwood Baptist Church. He is a Congregationalist, and probably is the oldest living minister of that denomina- tion. The Clitheroe Guardians at their last meeting refused to pay to a ccntractor the equivalent of the sugar duty levied after the making of the contract. The other day a letter was received from the tradesman in question stating that the Chancellor of the Exchequer had informed him that he was entitled to the equivalent of the tax which had been paid. The Board therefore decided to pay the duty—16s 8d. At; the Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Church, Llandudno, on Sunday, evening a resolution was adopted condemning the spirit in which the South African war was entered upon, viewing with alarm the growth of militarism in the country, protesting against the policy of farm-burning and con- centration camps, and urging the Govern- ment to offer such terms as a brave and honourable enemy might accept. At a meeting on Friday of the Denbigh- shire Police Committee attention was drawn to the prevalerce of Sunday drinking, which the Chief Constable attributed to an increase in the number of clubs. On the motion of Mr Isgoed Jones it was decided to call the attention of the Government to the difficulty of supervising clubs and to the necessity of bringing them under effective police control. It is stated that Dr Isambard Owen has reluctantly decided, after full consideration, not to accept the invitation of the Council of the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire to assume the Principal- ship, rendered vacant by the death of Mr Viriamu Jones. Dr Owen has communicated his resolve to Lord Tredegar, the president of the College, who, it is understood, will convene an emergency meeting of the Council to be held upon an early date to consider further action in the matter. It is gratifying to find that Miss Hob- house's crusade is bearing fruit. The Government announced on Monday a second important concession with regard to the con- centration camps. A committee of ladies is to be formed to inquire into their condition and supervise them. It is to be hoped that this may be taken as ,t genuine effort for the relief ot sulxering and for the diminution of I that terrible death-rate which, as the official C5 figures given by Lord Raglan show, still continues. There was a scene at a meeting of the Burnley Board of Guardians last week, arising out of a demand on the part of the two Socialist members that the public should be admitted to the meetings. Five members of tl e public were present to support this claim, but the Chairman asked them to leave, and as they refused, the police, who were called in, ejected them. Subsequently the police were called in again, and they turned out the two Socialist members, on the ground that their continued protests hindered the work of the Board. Mr D. W. E. Rowlands, the Garth, died I in a painfully sudden manner at Tregaron last Thursday. The Marquis of Northampton has de- clined to attend the dinner to Mr Asquith, on the ground that sectional feasts will not give unity and strength to the Liberal party. A circular has been issued from the offices of the National Liberal Federation to the affiliated Liberal Associations or England'and Wales on the education Question. Tim nation of the Government is vigorously condemned, and Liberals everywhere are urged to take action by meetings, resolution, and petition with a view to bringing pressure to bear so that, instead of the No. 2 Bill and the recent Minute, "a short Act may be passed which will preserve the status quo and postpone i until next year the wider and more contro- versial questions involved in any general educational resettlement. It is pointed out that the tims- is short and that any action to be effective must be promptly taken. One reason which makes the Government nervously anxious to conclude the war is (says the- Lone on correspondent of the Manchester Guardian ")- the bitter feeling: that is arising in South Africa between the bulk of the Outlanders and the capitalists. A movement is on foot with a view of establishing a. newspaper in, South Africa to support the Otitlander position as against Mr Rhodes and the capitalists^ and that an editor is now being sought for it in London. The detemlination, ofr the- Outlanders is that JohaDriesburg, after the- war shall not be run on Rimberley lines, with black labour. What may make the movement critical after the war is the question of disarmament. The idea of the capitalists is that ths ordinary Outlander should give up his rifle at the close of the war- The idea of the Otitlander,.on whom the lesson of the Boers has not been thrown away, is that he shall keep it. The new journal may therefore prove interesting. Oh Monday a large deputation from the co-operative bodies had an interview with Sir Henry Canipbell-Bannerman and Mr Bryce on the education question. Members of the deputation expressed their strong opposition to the Government's Edu- cation Bill, stating, that they believed it would seriously damage the useful and necessary work cai-ried on in evening con- tinuation schools by co-operative ngencies. Mr Byrce said no class of scholars more needed or more deserved sympathy and help than those who desired in their working days to make up for the deficiencies of their early educations. The Educational Minute and the Bill were- two sides of a bad Ministerial policy: Each revealed the faults of the other, and the Opposition would do I :their best to protest against both. Sir H. j Campbell-Bannerman expressed his own en- tire concurrence with the reply given I,y his colleagne.^ those who opposed or endeavoured to supplant special educational authorities like school boards had yet to prove their case. We rather wanted, he said, measures to be taken which would in England, as in Scotland, foster and increase oopularinterest in the development of education. He trusted the co-operators would still support the. efforts-which would be made to resist any reactionary tendencies in this important matter.
WELCOME HOME TO LIEUT. WALTON. An Enthusiastic Reception. On Saturday afternoon last, the charming and peaceful vale of the Dovey was the scene of unusual rejoicings, the occasion being the return from South Africa of Lieutenant F.J. Walton, uf the 31si Company Montgomeryshire Imperial Yeomanry, the only son of Mr Frederick Walton, of Owmllecoediog. A large crowd bad foregathered at Cemmaes Road station to accord the popular young- squire a right royal welcome. Among these were the local section of the Yeomarirv nnrl fir rnmrnand ,g Tjorifc Anwyl, and several members of the Imperial Yeomanry, who had been in active service under Lieutenant Walton. These were in charge ofSergt- major Grice. The Aberllefenni brass band, under the conductorship of Mr Walter Davies, was also in attendance, and played a selection of airs pending the arrival of the train. When the 4-10 train steamed info the station the enthusiastic crowd cheered to, the echo. The gallant lieutenant was received at the station by his father; and the meet- ing of proud father and dutiful son was a touching one in the extreme. When Lieutenant Walton made his appearance his numerous friends and admirers gave another lusty and prolonged cheer, and the- band1 struck up See the Conquering Hero comes." It was a glorious day and the scene was a brilliant one. Extensive decorations had been made at every point of vantage from, the station to Cwm- llecoediog MaR. Of these,, undoubtedly, the first and foremost was that at the Dovey Valley Hotel, Here in front of the house a grand and well- nesigiwl arch ot evergreens-, decorated with ban- nerettes and patriotic emblems, had been erected. On this arch there was inscribed in bold letters the greeting, Welcome home from the seat of war to Lieutenant F. J. Walton. May God bless him for his patriotism." Another fine arch, with appropri- ate words of welcome;, spanned the road by the station. All along the route, a distance of about six miles, manifestations of welcome were evident on all hands-cottage and mansion vied with one another; and at Cwmlline even a pine tree that towered to. the sky was surmounted with a. banner- ette, A procession was formed, made up of about 100 cyclists; brakes containing the lady collectors, committee men, etc., Lieutenant Walton and his- father; the Yeomanry, under Lieutenant Anwyl the Service section, under Sergt-Major Grice and the general public. The procession, as it wended its way along the road up tha valley, was a striking and picturesque sight. Cemmes village was especially gay in honour of the event. A handsome arch of tri-coloured draperies spanned the road and every home bung ou its banner. A-short halt was made here and Mr Walton, :senr., suitably acknow- ledged the splendid reception accorded to his snn. Another short halt was made at Cwmlline, then the procession continued on its way, and having passed under a pretty arch.,at Dolcorslwyn, soon entered the bye-road for Aberargeih As- the procession. neared the picturesque village, the hills resounded with salvos, and the shrill, whistle of the Mawddwy Railway engine blew a lotutblast,which reverberated throughoat the valley. Aberangell was en fete. À convenient platform had been erected at the Lodge gates, where a halt was made, and one of the mast interesting ceremonies of the day witnessed. At Ceuimes, where the enthusiasm of the- villagers was unbounded, a halt Waft, made opposite Penrhos Arms.. Mr Frederick Walton,, s-en., was received with loud cheers on rising to address the multitude. He said his heart was too full to adequately thank the,n. lie and his family bad to be thankful, for- the fact that bis son had returned safe and sound that he had come back capable of devouring a. beef-steak when it was. put before him (laughter and cheers). He was sorry, that his wife was not present to welcome him as, unfortunately, she was, away in Switzerland looking after her daughter;, who was not so well as she might be. He was- exceedingly grateful to the committee and the ladies anti everyone. Wbat pI eased him most was that his son had always conducted himself in such; a way that they bad thought him worthy of this, reception (hear, hear),. Undoubtedly when on-the- veldt with the stars above him,.he had thought of Cwnillecoediog and the valley of the Dovey and: the old friends who would welcome him home,.bat he (the speaker) was sure that he never anticipated. such a reception as this. He had heard: goodi accounts of his son from his brave comrades and he had said that whatever his son had done be. would always do his best and no man could do. more. (Applause). He hoped this dreadful war- would soon be over. (Hear, hear.) Whatever were- their opinions as to the justifiableness of the war they all wished to have peace. The implements of" destruction were becoming so terrible that in. time. nations would reflect; » long time before they would dare approach each other in the way of" fighting, and that they owed to the military engineer. The man who invented the most, destructive machine for killing humanity was the: most benevolent man; of his time, for he would make people afraid to fight. (Hear, hear.) In conclusion, Mr Walton thanked them on behalf of Mrs Walton and the rest of the family. They had always been very happy in this happy-ialtey anck the people had been very kind to them. For he's a jolly good fellow," was then heartily sung, and cheers given for Lieutenant Walton and his comrades and the procession resumed its march to Aberangell where a halt was made in front of the platform at the Entrance Lodge. Among others on the platform were. Sergeant- Major Grice, Sergeants Bowen and Brown,. Troopers Moseley, Blunt, Roberts, Parry, and Pilot; Mr IL Davies, Dr Edwards, and other prominent com- mittee men and officials. Rev W. Richards, Cemmaes (chaiamian of tbe- Reception Commit,tee), said they were gathered together to do honour to whom honour was dae- (hear, hear). To say nothing about other people. be believed that soldiers deserved the highest honour that could be accorded them, for they fought our battles and maintained the prestige of our country (cheers). In the South African war it had been clearly shown that we were. not wanting in men ready to sacrifice their lives on behalf of our country. At a moment of urgent need a very large number of men volunteered to give their services-men from every part, of the country and from every class of society, men at home and men from the colonies. One of those who volunteered was tneir young Inenrl Lieut. Walton (cheers). Many who had gone to South Africa had fallen on the field: of battle never to return home. We mourned; their loss, and we honoured their memory. Through the kindness of kind Providence Lieut." Walton had been spared to return home in health and strength, and they offered him their heartiest. congratulations. When it was known that he was on his. way to this dear old spot it was at once decided that they should do something in the way of welcoming him home, and they decided to ask him to receive atlheir hands an illuminated address from a large number of subscribers. Lieutenant Anwyl said that when they considered that gallant, little Wales was so sparsely populated they would agiee that the whole country-side was well represented there that day, and they were not present there from any idle curiosity, but from their heart's desire to do Lieut. Walton honour, to accord him a hearty welcome on bis return home, to congratulate him nn ili. y.ûfnV'n '1In," 01. their gratitude to him for his loyalty and patriotism in coming forward in the country's need to help to fight her battles (Loud cheers). He thought the- phrase gallant little Wales originated in connec- ion with political matters, but in future it. ought to be applied to military matters, for Wales could well be termed gallant. She had shown herself to the front in helping her country in her trouble. Montgomeryshire had sent four companies of yeo- men to the front, which was as many as those. sent from any other county, and from what he had heardlhe could venture to say that no better men had been sent frcm any other county. (Cheers). The country's graiitude was due to the regular soldiers, who did their duty so well, but it was dae in a much larger me isure to those who. like Mr Waltcn and the others, left their homes at the outset of life, with mple means of enjoying the pleasures of tnis womi, to hsk tneir neanu and endure the horrors of war. (Cheers.) It was only two years since the people of the neighbourbood had the pleasure of celebrating (he coming of age of Mr Waltoa, and little did they then think how soon he would earn such gteat admiration. Thcv all knew on the most reliable authority that the condnct of the Montgomeryshire Imperial Yeomanry had been everything they could expect from soldiers. They had done their duty, and done it bravely. In conclusion, he wished them all happiness, long life and prosperity. (Cheers). Seigt-Major Grice was next called upon, and thanked those gathered for the hearty reception accorded the yeomen who h>\d t.ho knnnr -&.A n I" UI..J'V U"IJVUI. va.. accompanying Lieut. Walton He could assure them that he and his comrades were proud to see with what honour and respect he was regarded amongst them. Mr Walton had been with them for -i 15 months, throughout the whole campaign, and during that time they had been under fire, he would not say in general engagements, no fewer than r0 times. He explained that this kind of .,htir)g-scrap,i with parties of Boers numbering from 20 to 100—was far more dangerous than a general engagement. Lieut. Walton was generally beloved by all ranks, and if ever such a thing occurred as to necessitate another call for velyan- 4n. :c 'f' "'I:IT_ "Irli-N, Jl lYU n aiton volunteered he could assure them that all the old han(1s would do likewise and follow him anywhere (cheers.) He hoped that Lieut. Walton would long be spared to them. Trooper J. Parry (Newtown), in response to a call for a speech, said that Lieut, Walton bad always led his men and not pushed them forward (hear, hear). He bad always been a kind officer, and bad he been the senior it would have been better for the men. RQ bad prayed hujaael^
Business Notices. A BETTER SHOW THAN EVER. NEW GOODS FOR SPRING AND SUMMER WEAR. REES JONES Wishes to inform the inhabitants of TREGARON and the district that he has just returned from some of the leading ruarkets, and is now showing a LARGE and CHOICE ASSORTMENT of LADIES' CLOTH. PLUSH AND SILK CAPES From 10s. 6d. to 75s. A FINE SELECTION OF LADIES' COSTUMES In black, and other colours, from 17s. 6d. to 75s. BEST MATERIALS NEWEST DESIGNS. MILLINERY A SPECIALITY. HATS, BONNETS, ETC., ETC., Of all kinds made up in the Latest Styles. REES JONES, EMPORIUM TREGAROrd toc helaeth o bob math o Ddillad Newydd pwrpasol i'r tymhor o ran ffurff a defnydd. RODERICK EVANS' CARDIGANSHIRE HEAD STOMACH AND LIVER PILLS. WORTH THEIR WEIGHT IN GOLD For Purifying the Blood, Sluggish Liver, Indi- gestion, Bilious Headache. Spasms, Lowuess of Spirits, Gold Sweats, Shivers, Swimming in the Head, Palpitation of the Heart, Spitting of Blood, Tightness of the Chest, &c., &c. A TRIAL BOX WILL PROVE THEIR VALUE. In Boxes, ls. each. Prepared only by RODERICK EVANS, CHEMIST SlTRGBON DENTIST, Lampeter. J. GWILYM EVANS. Family Grocer & Provision Merchant, THE STORES, HIGH STREET AND STATION ROAD, TOWYN. NOTED HOUSE FOR TEA. BEST IN PURITY AND FLAVOUR. THE Å BE R Y S T W Y T H. EN A M: ELL ED S LA TEl" ORKS, JJOPEWALX, ABYRYSTWYTH. MANUFACTURERS OF ENAMELLED i SLATE CHIMNEY PIECES. Slabs of every description always in stock Prices and estimates on application. A WORD IN SEASON. TRY MORGAN'S Pectoral Linseed Balsam Certain Cure for Coughs, Colds, Influenza, and all affections of the Chest, Throat, and Lungs. —— HAS CURED OTHERS. WILL CURE YOU. Prepared only by R. MORGAN, PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMIST, ABERYSTWYTH. Sold in Is. & 2s. bottles WONDERFUL RESULTS. PUBLIC NOTICE. W. H. JONES, PROPRIETOR OF THE 'DON' TOILET SALOON, LITTLE DARKGATE STREET, WISHES to thank his numerous customers for their kind patronage in the past. The premises having been extended and fitted with up-to-date appliances have enabled him now to engage Three First-class Experienced men, where customers will be attended to with despatch. NOTE THE ADDRESS- THE -DON' TOILET SALOON, 23, LITTLE DARKGATE STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. NOTICE. TO PROMOTERS OF EISTEDDFODAU. CONCERTS, ETC., PRINTING OF EVERY DESCRIPTION Quickly and Neatly Dome AT THE WELSH GAZETTE OFFICES, BRIDGE STREET. ABERYSTWYTH. SOMETHING QUITE NEW. AN IMPORTANT INTRODUCTION. THE WESTERN QUEEN WASHER. 0- E, ASIEST AN TO UNRIV ALLED HIGHEST ISATISFACTION. -0- — A PRACTICAL WASHER. DURABLE, COMPACT AND EASY TO KEEP CLEAN. The castings10n the Western Queen are made with a view of as light running as possible. It has a steel mesh wheel i brace which forms a ballbearing to hold large and small gear in mesh. This does away with all grinding and friction. The post and dasher are of best hard maple. It washes a few..or many pieces at a time, and does not require the aid of a washboard. AM- MADE IN BOTH ROUND AND SQUARE STYLE. :o:- Also-the "COLUMBIA WASHER" and the" BENBOW ROTARY WASHER," First-class Machines combining PERFECTION, DURABILITY AND SIMPLICITY. Prices and particulars on application. SOLE AGENTS FOR CARDIGANSHIRE:— EDWARDS, EVANS, & CO., MERCHANTS, TREGARON. Local agents required in districts not represented. Liberal terms. GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY. — A C. i j a.m. a.m a.m.^ p.m. p.m. ] p.m. p.m. p.m. ABERYSTWYTH Dept. 7 159 lo!10 512 15 1 15 ;1 152 15|2 45 CHESTER- Arr. 1 21 B 32 3 33 4 33 6 8; 7 10 8 30 LIVERPOOL (Landing Stage) „ 2 10[2 B 20 f 30 ■> 20 7 20 8 0|9 25 MANCHESTER (Exchange) „ 2 3013 B 8 «> G 8 10 8_ 3/jip I0 WOLVERHAMPTON „ 11 49 2 13 |5 5 16 43 BIRMINGHAM „ 12 15(2 38 Werlnes- |» 33 7 22 LONDON (Paddington) „ 3 30|5 20 days onl.ViB 451 '10 50 A Passengers for London by this train are allowed one hour at Shrewsbury for lunch. B.—Via Shrewsbury for these Stations. (j. Via Dolgelley. Passengers wishing to travel by this Train should ask for Tickets via Dolgelley when booking. f Passengers are requested to ask for Tickets by the GREAT WESTERN Route Every Information respecting Great Western Train Service can be obtained of IVtr, J ROBERTS, 25, Terrace Road, Aberystwyth, or of Mr. G. GRANT, Divisional Superintendent G.W.R., Chester. ) PADDINGTON STATION. J. L. WILKINSON, General Manager. SEAS_ON_ 1901. MOWING MACHINES By the following leading makers:— KEYWORTH & COS "BUCKEYE." HARRISON McGREGOR'S "ALBION." PHILIP PIERCE & CO'S "ORION" AND TICTOR." JONES & CO'S PLANO." OSBORNE & CO'S "COLUMBIA." HORNSBY & CO'S" PARAGON." BAMFORD &; CO'S" ROYAL." Sold by M. H. DAVIS & SONS, Aberystwyth. I MILLINERY ESTABLISHMENT 1, GREAT DARKGATE STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. MRS. J. W. THOMAS New Summer Goods Hats and Bonnets Cleaned and Altered. CENTRAL PHOTOGRAPHIC STUDIO. Speciality :—Stamp Photos. Charges Moderate. SEASON 1901. THOS. POWELL & CO., ABERYS™™ Are offering a CHOICE SELECTION of GARDEN SEEDS. SEED POTATOES. GRAND SELECTION OF AGRICULTURAL SEEDS. Spring Wheat, White Oats, Black Tartan ian O.its, Barley, Ofreh Llwyd. Cowgrass Red Clover, White Dutch, Alsyke, Trefoil, Italian and Perennial Ryegrass. Also, a Choice Selection of Clovers and Grasses for Meadows and Permanent Pastures. ALL THE SEEDS ARE OF THE FINEST QUALITY. Ni Werthir dim ond yr Hadau Goreu. < s eoeoa ABSOLUTELY PURE, THEREFORE BEST. FREE FROM ALL ADMIXTURES, SUCH AS KOLA, MALT, HOPS, ALKALI, &c. The Standard of Highest Purity.The Lancet. NSIST on having CADBURY'S (sold only in Packets and Tins), as other Cocoas are sometimes substituted for the sake of extra profit MCCORMICK MOWERS ARE THE BEST IN THE WORLD. B I N H D o E R R S S E G R R Å I K N E D S R R lc S THE KING OF THE MEADOW. [GRAND PRIZE AND SEVEN MEDALS AWARDED AT THE PARIS EXPOSITION. The Glorious Record of the past season is good reason wby) ou shauld buy McCormi^k Machines and n. other Sold by-Davies and Sons, Aberavron and Tregaron: W. Tames Ntw Qiay; Evans and Davies Lampeter; W. Thomas, Carmarthen; W. and 8. He pkins. Laadd: D. P. Lloyd, Dyffryn; W. James and SOB, Cardiganand Newcastle Emlyn McCormick ? Harvesting Machine Co., ¡. 71, Southwark Street, LONDON. IMPORTANT NOTICE. The "Welsh Gazette" is the only penny paper published at Aberystwyth which contains complete reports of public bodies in Cardiganshire, Merionethshire, and Upper Montgomeryshire. For news of the entire district, and as an excellent advertizing medium, the ffW elshGazettet will, therefore, be found invaluable.
1 THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF WALES. THE authorities of the University College of Wales have decided to open a hostel for male students. This is by no means a new departure in the history of the institution. It is a return to the condition of things which prevailed previous to the memorable fire which occurred some fifteen years ago. Since that time up to the preseLt all the male students have lived in lodgings in the town. It has been long felt by some of the friends of the College that the time had come to re-intrcduce the residential system- and thus to secure for the institution some of the social advantages that are said to constitute the chief value of a three years' residence in Oxford or Cambridge. The residential system, wherever it has had fair trial, has been amply justified by the results. It not merely promotes feelings of sympathy, goodwill and unity between the various members of the institution, but fosters a spirit of self-reliance, habits of courtesy and gentlemanly bearing. The hostel at Aber- ystwyth will be under the supervision of Professor J. W. MARSHALL, whom the students have long ago learnt to honour for his candour and his Unstinted devotion to. the service of the College. A better select- ion it would have been difficult to. make: Students being an impecunious race, we may pi-esurne that only a small proportion will be able to avail themselves of the advantages of the new provision. In the face of this contingency, arrangements will be made whereby students, who are, not in residence will be able to dine at the hostel. Such an arrangement is calculated to make the distinction between the two classes of students—the residential and n on-residential —less marked and obtrusive. In addition to the restoration of the residential system, the commencement of next session will afeo witness the inauguration of at least two new departments—the department of law and that of dyeing and textile designing. Both these will be of the nature of experiments, and their ultimate fate will depend upon the extent to which they will be found to fulfil a real need. The College authorities do well in seeking to incxease the usefulness of the institution' It is to be hoped, at the same time, that in doing this, they are in uo danger of neglect- ing interests of vital importance to the College, or work whose usefulness, though less obvious, is no less real. It is, for instance, a well-known fact, that certain members of the College Staff, especially some of the junior members, are inadequately remunerated. Thanks to the generosity of Lord RENDEL this grievance, so far as it effects the senior members or professors, has been to a large extent removed. In spite of this, it may be safely said that the question of the relation between work, and remuneration at the College, just as elsewhei.e, is one that awaits a satisfactory solution. Another important department of the College that requires to be strengthened is the Library. Its develop- ment is an indispensable condition of literary research work. Are there no lesser CARNEG- lES in our midst who are willing to help the College onwards in its career of usefulness ?
CARDIGAN DISTRICT LETTER. THE lWRAb. DISTRICT COUNCIL. The members of this body evidently have but little or no faith in education, judging by the indifferent manner in which they treated the communication from the County Council with reference to technical instruct- ion. It is idle. for our farmers to complain of the telling effects of foreign competition while they themselves neglect their first line of defence in this fashion. The members of the Rural District Council may yet live to learn that education is an effective weapon in the battle of life. WATER ON THE BRAIN. The Corporation is still pottering away with the town water supply; and all their deliberations only confirm the view already expressed in this column, that there is only one satisfactory solution to this thorny subject, and that is to provide a continuous supply. A time table is all very well to regulate the- traffic of a railway company; but for a corporation to deal with, and dole out such an essential want as water in such fashion is the height of absurdity. Even if all our Councillors were senior wranglers they would never settle this question with mathematics—what is wanted is a little downright applied mechanics. Under the present arrangement the Council is simply j playing at hide and seek with the water. They course it through the drains, just like De Wet is coursed on the veldt. It is now here and anon tfe&re, and the next moment-well, goodness knows where. OUR" GENERAL." At the last meeting of the Town Council it was stated that the duties of the new water inspector would be:-(I) To carry out the time table as prescribed by the Corporation. \^) lo make a periodical inspection of all taps, cisterns, &o., when the water is on in the different districts of the town, so as to detect all waste, and to order all necessary repair to be done forthwith. (3) To open monthly for cleaning purposes one of the outlet flush pipes, of which there are six in the town. (4) To examine fire hydrants i weekly. (5) To act as custodian, and keep in proper order and repair all fire appliances. (6) To see the reservoir is cleaned out twice annually. (7) To see that the cisterns at the source are likewise cleaned out when re- paired, and also the tank at the top of Vic- toria Gardens. (8) Should any of the public pipes or taps get out of order, to consult the surveyor and to act according to his in- structions and in the case of complaints to inform the town clerk, and to take his orders from him. (9) All matters connected with the water supply generally. The committee also recommended that in addition to his present duties as market and slaughter-house inspector, Thomas Evans be caretaker of Victoria Gardens and Netpool, and to make himself generally useful. GORED TO DEATn. Shortly after 9 o'clock ou Wednesday morning in last week the quiet neighbour- hood of Eglwyswrw was shocked by the pain- C, ful news that Miss Elizabeth Griffiths, of Trewilym farm, had been gored to death by a bull, and th:tt her brother, who made a brave attempt to rescue her, was lying in a pre- carious condition from the severe injuries he had received. It appears that Miss Griffiths, accompanied by her brother, went into the stall to unloose the bull and that while she took hold of the nose ring in order that her brother might take off the neck chain, the animal became infuriated all of a sudden and attacked the unfortunate woman il) a most 1 savage manner—butting and crushing so badly that she died almost immediately. It was found that Mr Griffiths had also suffered badly and had three of his ribs broken.