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THE EDUCATION CODE. THE present Government seems bent on undermining our present system of democratic education. The Education Code for 1901, which has now been presented to both Houses of Parliament, contains a large number of small changes from that of last year, but these are generally mere verbal alterations due to the change of reigning monarch, the supersession of the Education Department by the Board of Educa- tion, or a desire for more convenient arrangement of the articles. One cr two little alterations show a desire to extend the usefulness of the Education Acts, such as the permission to teach cookery to boys in seaport towns, and needlework to boys in special circumstances. The general result of the revision of the Code, however, is distinctly reactionary, though the whittling down of the benefits of our educational system is so minute as only to be perceptible on close inspection. In Article 17, for instance, following upon the list of subjects to be taught, the words "other secular subjects approved by the Department" have been cancelled, thus rigidly confining managers within the four corners cf the official subject-list. By Article 18 an inspector is to "inquire whether grant conditions have been fulfilled, instead of to Cc examine," as formerly, the change of wording, if it has any meaning, pointing to greater laxity in the requirements as to efficient teaching. Small schools are allowed to be taught by a teacher possessing only am assistant teacher's 'certificate, but whereas only schools of less than 30 average attend- ance came within this provision the number is now increased by Article 82 to 40. Article 90 provides that the income of a school shall be applied "only for the purpose of public elementary schools." There was a provision in the Article that this was held to include expenditure on a school library, or towards the expense of a jointly em- ployed organizing teacher or teacher of some special subject, but these words have been cancelled. By Article 101 grants on account of dairy work, laundry work, gardening, manual instruction, cookery, and other subjects are limited to children over eleven years of age, and notice is given that next year the age limit will be raised to twelve. Thus, while the Cockerton decision cuts short the school career at its end, the Board of Education is engaged in nibbling away at the beginning. Finally, Article 102 for the first time allows gi-art te be paid on account of a pupil teacher who has been excused the prescribed examination, but has obtained a good or fair report from the Inspector"—thus following up the past policy of the present Government by encouraging an increased proportion of pupil teachers, by a loweringt even of the standard of efficiency of the pupil teachers themselves.