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ABERYSTWYTH. -I

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ABERYSTWYTH. Rural District Council. An ordinary meeting of this Council was held on Monday morning at the Board room, Union Work- house, when there were present Mr John Morgan, (chairman) Mr E. J. Evans Llangwyryfon (vice- chairman), Rev John Davies,and Mr Edward Jones Ceulanmaesmawr; Messrs Lewis Richards, and John Morgan, Cwmrheidol; Thomas Jenkins, and W. Morris, Cyfoethybrenin; J. B. Morgan, Cynnull- mawr Richard James, Henllys W. A. Miller, Issayndre; Richard Jones, Llanbadarn Upper; James Jones, Llanbadarn Lower David Morgan, and Thomas Powell, ijlanfihangel Upper Evan Richards, Llanfihangel Lower Daniel Morris and David Edwards, Llanilar John Jones, Mefenydd Thomas James, and Richard Davies, Trefeirig; Richard Thomas, Tirymynach and David Lloyd, Vaenor Upper; with Hugh Hughes (clerk), E. Llewelyn (assistant clerk), Joseph Hughes (in- spector), etc. CWMERFI^ ROAD. The Committee appoirted to inspect this road, which the Trefeirig Parish Council had asked should be taken over as a district road. presented their report. The road was now in a fair state of repair, and had been greatly improved since it was last visited by the Committee. The Committee ad- vised that the road be taken over by the District Council as soon as the small improvements that were pointed out at the time were carried out. Mr Edward Jones said the road could be placed in a satisfactory condition if one man was placed to work upon it for a week. On the proposition of Mr Richard James, it was -decided that the matter be left in abeyance until the next meeting, in order to seejwhether the speci- fied work would be carried out by then. TY CAM FOOTBRIDCE. Plans and estimates of a new footbridge at Ty Cam were presented by the surveyor. It was pro- nosed to make the new bridge a length of 112 feet and a width of 2 feet 6 inches. Mr Evan Richards proposed that the erection of a new bridge be postponed for two or three years, and that the present bridge be repaired and made safe for traffic. Mr Richards pointed out that at present there was no bridge across the river from Llanbadarn to Ponterwyd, and that when the Light Railway was constructed, a bridge, capable of carrying vehicular traffic, would, no doubt, be re- quired at this spot. Mr James Jones seconded. Mr Lewis Richards proposed that they proceed with the construction of a new bridge, stating that it was sadly needed. Mr Richard James proposed that the Council construct a new bridge and contribute one-third of the cost, the remainder of the cost to be contributed by the two parishes in which the bridge is situated. This latter proposition was carried. VALE OF RHEIDOL RAILWAY. Letters were read from Sir J. W. Szlumper (engineer), and Mr Wood (secretary) of the Vale of Rheidol Light. Railway, thanking the Council for their permission to construct the railway level with the highway at such places as it was necess- ary to cross. POLLUTION OF THE YSTWYTH. The following letter was read from Mr Le Froy. manager of the Frongoch Mine:—" Your letter of February 28th came duly to hand, and we are very surprised at its tenour. When the inspector of nuisances ame last to the mine, we went over the ground wit.h him, and he agreed with us that the arrangements we are making now for conveying the waste on the heap outside is the best possible. Owing to the road being so near, we could only in- crease very slightly the capacity of the actual settling tanks, and your inspector thought with us that there would be no need in increasing these pits with the new arrangements. We are exper- iencing great difficulty in putting up this conveyor at wnich we have been working nine weeks, but I hope weshall succeed shortly in getting it alright. It is impossible to appreciate the situation without seeing the place, and if you are not satisfied with the opinion of the inspector—who agreed with our plans if I understood him well-we shall be very glad to discuss on the spot with anybody you would like to send. In fact, we have for a long time taken all steps that we thought practicable to pre vent injurious water finding its wjy to the river, but some time is required to get things into order. We are s^rry^sse that some people only see a small nuisance without-taking into oonsideration tbe great benefit resulting to the district from the mining operations, whih would, of course be finally stopped if the neighbours on all pretences interfere with the regular working of the plant.— This being a personal thought, which is not at all to the purpose, but which you will no doubt understand." The Inspector said he had visited the mine, and was fully of opinion that if the strap con/eyor was put to work, all cause of complaint would be re- moved. He dealt with the matter in his report. Further consideration of the communication was deferred until the inspector's report came to he con- sidered. MEDICAL OFFICERS' REPORTS. Dr J. E. Hughes, medical officer, presented his report upon the health and sanitary condition of the Rheidol and liar District, during the year 1900 The population according to last census was 6355. The total number of births registered was 148, of which 69 were males and 79 females, giving a birth rate of 23 2 per 1000 as against 237 for the year 1899. The deaths registered numbered 110. made up 58 males and 52 females. These figures Ciav" a death-rate of 17.3 per 1000 as against 15 8 for 1899 The mortality at all ages was as follows lrn<!er one year. 17 one year and under five, 5; five and under, 15,5; 15 and under 25, 7 25 and under 65, 35; 63 and upwards,41. The causes of death were as followsDiphiheria, 4; diarrhoea, 1; phihisis. 19; bronchitis, pneumonia and pleurisy, 18; heart disease, 12; injuries, 1; other diseases, 55. The number of cases of infectious diseases notified during the year were-scarlet fever, 8; diph- theria, 9. Three cases of scarlet fever occurred at Llwynbrain, in the parish of Llanfihangel-y-Crcu- ddyn, and five cases at Penywern in the same neighbourhood. The outbreak was traced to a person brought from London while in an infectious state. Two cases of diphtheria, which proved fatal occurred in the parish of Llanafan, probably brought to the neighbourhood by visitors from South Wales, who bad lately been suffering from the malady. No other cause could be assigned, as the houses were clean and well ventilated, the drainage good, and the water supply was analysed and found suitable for dietetic purposes. beven cases also occurred at Jvant vgorlan, ip the parish of Llanfihangel Upper, of which two proved fatal. On visiting the place. the house was found to be overcrowded. Notice was served upon the occupier to vacate the house as soon as the patients were in a fit state to be removed. In all cases strict isolation and disinfection were carried out, An epidemic of whooping cough broke out in the neighbourhood of Llanychaiarn and Capel Seiun, in conequence of which he schools were closed. Measles broke out in Llanilar at end of the year, and the school at this plar-e had also to be closed. The water supply at FentreUyn was nbw satisfactory, while that of Llanilar bad been for some time deficient. He was glad to state that a scheme, which be thought would prove efficient, had been under consideration, and would be carried out as soon as the weather permi t. >] A large number of privy accommodations, manure neaps, ana pig-styes too near dweIiing-hoiu-.es were brought under notice and remedied. Dr John James, medical officer for the northern district of the Aberystwyth Union, presenter! his report for the year 1900, in which he stated thai the district had an area of 68,921 acres, and contained 2,300 inhabited houses, having an average of 3 5 persons per house. The population according to the last census was 8,021. The number of births registered duringltheyear was 178, thesarue number as in the previous year, 84 being boys and 94 girls. The birth-rate was 22 per thousand the birth-rate for England and Wales being 28 9 The number of deaths was 160--80 males and 80 females The mean infant mortality was 100-3. Phthisis caused 16 deaths; cancer. 9; bronchitis, 10; heart disease, 26; accidents. 3; and suicides, 2. The average re-pira- tory diseases for nine years was 21'5 There was a slight diminution in the number of tubercular diseases. The number of deaths from heart disease looked alarming, but the pgrs were, with three or four exceptions, seventy years and upwards, and the heart affections were most probably only part of general senile degenera- tion. Referring to a case of scarlet fever at Tanllidiart, Dr James said the insanitary state of the building was bad enough to originate any disease. Other cases were imported. Means were promptly taken to prevent the spreading of the fevers, and the result was most satisfactory, clearlv demonstrating the usefulness of the Act. He was glad to be able to inform the Council that the people were beginning to appreciate the benefit of the Act. The fatalists who did not believe in the danger of conveying infection were becoming less numerous. Old customs and habits died hard. It was only by accident that he was able to prevent the relatives of a person who had died of measles from holding a prayer meeting or wylnos in the house. It was an exceptionally small two-roomed house. Were it not for his intervention the house would be crowded by people, like sardines in a box. (Laughter). Sympathy and tender-heartedness were at the root of it. Sympathy howeverr could be shown in a better way. One had no right to risk the lives of others unnecessarily. Were ministers of religion and public leaders to discourage those customs and the habit of crowding into sick rooms they would assist the medical profession to put an end to a public danger. The Council compelled owners of houses to provide fire places and ventila- tion, privy accommodation, &c. That was all right as far as it went but something ought to be done to compel the occupiers to utilize the sanitary appli- ances. There were windows that were never opened and chimneys that were blocked either wil- fully by sacks of straw from below or by jackdaws from above (Laughter). There were many privies which apparently were never utilized unless those who visited them had wings, because the paths lead- ing to them were covered with green grass, not a blade having been disturbed by a human foot (laughter). Sanitation was nevertheless progressing steadily, though slowly, through the district. Numerous roomy houses had lately been erected, the by-laws relating to new buildings bearing fruit. Time would come when the present in- sanitary dwellings would disappear. If the bylaws were observed strictly and honestly, vast improve- ments must result. Now was the time to make them effective. During the year several houses were examined and found in a condition not fit for human habitation. One house was closed and another was put in repair. Pendre Cottages were still in an unsatisfactory state. The wooden trough at Borth was repaired, and the cesspool at the back of Cambrian-terrace, and the railway and Hotel cesspools were cleaned. One polluted well was closed, and several privy accommodations were ordered to be provided. The Rev John Davies said the reports of their medical officers should be highly appreciated by the Council, and he proposed that the thanks of the Ccuncil be tendered to both gentlemen. The Chairman, in seconding, referred to Dr James' report, and said he was doing more than he was asked to do, and seemed to enter into his work with the zeal of a missionary. The resolution was unanimously agreed to. SANITARY INSPECTOR'S APPOINTMENT. A letter was read from the Local Government Board sanctioning the appointment of Mr. J. Hughes I as inspector of nuisances for the rural district of Aberystwyth at a salary of P.100 per annum. APPOINTMENT OF MEDICAL OFFICERS. The Local Government Board wrote acknowled- ging the Council's letter of the 26th ult., informing them on the resignation of Mr J. E. Hughes one of the medical officers of health for the rural district of Aberystwyth. The Board wished to draw attention to their letter of the 21st October, 1898, in which they expressed their views of the undesir- ability of the appointment of multiple advisers in public health matters, and to request that the Rural District Council would take the present opportunity of making an arrangement in accord- ance with the Boards views by appointing one medical officer of health for the whole of the district. The Board suggested that Mr J. James might be appointed to act up till September next as medical officer of health for the district prevr iously held by Mr Hughes, in addition to the district for which he at present acts. Mr Miller stated that this matter was discussed at the time the communication was received from the Local Government Board in the first instance. The Council then thought that the proposal would be unworkable, as the Union was a large ohe, and the Local Government Board probably bad no con- ception of its size. He proposed that the appoint- ments be left as at present, and this was agreed to. The question of the appointment of a medical officer for the Llanilar district in succession to Dr Hughes, resigned, was discussed, Mr James Jones being in favour of advertising the appointment in the usual way, and thereby support the newspapers who regularly reported their proceedings. A majority of the members thought, however, that as a successor had been pratically decided upon that it would be useless to advertise, and it was decided to hold a special meeting on the following Monday to make the appointment. SANITARY INSPECTOR'S REPORT. The sanitary inspector (Mr James Hughes) in his report stated that having been informed by Mr Charles Davies of a defect in the Rhydyfelin water supply, he visited the place and found the drain partly opened and half the water leaking. Cement- ing and, perhaps, new pipes would be required. Visited Gafon Cottage, Llanbadarn, and found it in Qtjvery dilapidated condition and quite unfit for habitation. Gave orders to the tenant to vacate the house, which he promised to do in a fortnight, Mr W. Hughes, Glanrafon Farm, accom- modating him until he could find another house. Served notice on the agent of the Nanteos Estate to improve the condition of Glanrafon Farm. A big pool of water was found close to Tycrwn, Llan- badarn, caused by the negligence of certain owners and holders not keeping the -drain clear..Served notice to clear the drain, and 4ikd reGeiv l.tr" saying that the matter would-be attended to. Being informed that there was no adequate supply of water at Waun, near Aberystwyth, and that the drainage was in a bad condition, found that there was ample supply of water on the 4th March, but learnt that it was scarce in the summer. The drainage of the three houses belonging to Mr Richards, Gwarfelin, was out of or(l(-r, and notice was serv ut the drains right. Visited Troed- rhiwbw a, lwllwyn, and examined the source of the water supply, which was in a very bad state through negligence. The watei was allowed to run over the surface in an open field occupied by cattle, which made a terrible mess of the water. He had written to Mr J. Hughes Bonsall, the owner of the farm, to have the matter looked into forthwith. Visited Post Office, Llanfihangel Geneu'rglyn, on the 12th, and found that the drain was allowed to run on to the roadside, and asked Miss Lewis, the owner, to have the drain extended. On the 15th, he visited Frongoch Mine, and found men in the act of cleaning slime pits, throwing the slime into the water. Asked them to stop it at once and clear it out otherwise, but they did not comply, as they had almost completed. The Barracks weie kept anything but clean. New How is a village or a row of houses belonging to the mine,and the inhabitants threw waste water on to the roadside. Sent, notice to the manager to make a drain to convey the waste into the river. Had servrda final notice on Mr Hugh Jones, Pantymwyn, Llanafan, for not complying- with a notice served upon him on Jan. 22nd. Mr DeBal, manager of the Rheidol Mining Co., wrote stating that the company had decided to spend no more money on Tynyfron and Fnvd-ddu Farms, Cwmrheidol, and the tenants would have lirieave in Sept. next. Had seen Mr Rees Jones, Aberyst- wyth borough surveyor, concerning the Llanbadarn water supply, and the necessity of having a place to flush the pipes, and Mr Jones thought it necessary to insert a hydrant at the furthest end. The question of the pollution of the river Ystwyth by the discharge of slime from the lead mines into it was discussed at some length, Mr William Morris stating he had seen the ri ve on the previous Friday, and he was convinced that the complaints made by Mr Janus Jones were quite justified. It-was pointed out that the persons responsible for the working of the mines bad entirely ignored all notices served upon them to abate the pollution. Mr E. J. Evans suggested that proceedings be taken to prevent a recurrence of the nuisance. The Clerk, in reply to a request for the legal aspect of the question, said the Council could stop any new company from discharging water into the river, but in the case of old companies they could only order them to adopt the mO.4 improved means for purifying the water. Mr J. B. Morgan said while they were all glad to see the mines opened up. yet there was a way of working them without injuring the river. He pro- posed, subject to the advice of the. Clerk, that they take proceedings to have the pollution abated. This having been seconded, was carried unani- mously. GOGINAN DRAINAGE^ A letter was read from the Melin'wr Parish Council stating that the question of the drainage at Goginan had been further considered at the Parish meeting on March 20t h, and it was unani- mously passed to ask the Rural Council, through the Inspector, to supply the Parish Council with a plan of the drain and estimate of the co,t, so as to come to a complete understiinding. The communication was left to the Inspector to comply with the request. VOTES OF THANKS. The Rev John Davies "aid as this was the last meeting of the present Council he had pleasure in proposing a vote of thanks to the Chairman, who had performed his duties during the past year to the satisfaction of all Mr Daniel Morris seconded, and the resolution was agreed to, the Chairman acknowledging. The Chaiiman proposed, rnd Mr James Jones seconded, a similar vote to the Vice-Chairman (Mr E. J. Evans). Mr Evans, in acknowledging, said he bad an election before him, and he would have to go through fire and water before he could come back to them. He liked the work, and was going to do his best to come back, and if he'did not it would not be his fault The officials and the reporters were aL,o thanked for their services during th.as:

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