— ww—■mmmmmmmtmmmm NOTES AND COMMENTS. Elsewhere we give a full report of an address on "Sheep-Breeding" by Mr Marshall Dugdale, delivered aS the annual I meetit)g.of the Aberystwyth CoiJege Agri- cultural Society. The Rev. Thomas Levi, speaking at the West Glamorgan Monthly Meeting,, said he was firmly of opinion that the X1,00,000 for the Century Fund would be collected. X40,000 was expected in from South Wales,. and X60,000 from North Wales. Last week a Church paper, in uttering a note of warning to the County Council elec- tors, expressed its regret "that ministers of religion should aspire for seats on public bodies.' The advice may be sound but if it is, why not apply an occasional dose to our spiritual guides in the House of Lords? The concoction was probably meant for a local sore at any rate it was freely applied in a certain district in Cardiganshire. At Birmingham on Friday, the proprietor of the Lord Nelson Inn, Nile-street, was fined £5 and costs for selling beer containing 87 grains of common salt per gallon, which was 37 grains in excess of the recognised standard. The Medical Officer of Health said it was profitable to brewers to put a large amount of salt in their beer, as it aggravated thirst. The defence was that there was no legal standard fixed. The President tof the Local Government Board informed a deputation from the Poor- law Unions Conference last week that he did not see sufficient grounds for granting their request for a six-months' postponement of the new dietary scale in workhouses. How- ever, he suggested that a deputation from the Poor-law Unions should confer with the officers of the Local Government Board, and he would be guided by the report which would be submitted to him. Addressing the Birmingham section of the Institution of Electrical Engineers last week, Dr. Oliver Lodge, Principal of Birmingham University, said that the antiquated system ot teaching mathematics which prevailed in schools was a monument of modern educational folly, He wished someone would advocate teaching Greek methods of arithmetic as well as,geo- metry, for then, surely, a rebellion would set in. Euclid's work was splendid for its day and generation, but it had had its day, and for elementary and popular purposes should cease to be. Some little time ago the Morning Leader" commented on the wholesale and chastening effect that a little direct taxation would have upon those jingo workmen who raved and ranted for war. The Prfll Mall Gazette" evidently holds that such men should not escape, for on Saturday it said It is, therefore, only fair that they should bear their share in the payment of the piper who have taken so important a share in tailing the tune. We hope that the Chancellor of the Exchequer will not shrink from the possible consequences of calling upon the working classes to stand shoulder to shoulder with the subjects of direct taxa- tion." The "Pall Mall Gazette" apparently wants some additional burden to be placed upon the workmen beyond that which he now carries, and that addition should be of the nature of direct taxation. The "Morning Leader'' never asked for that. Indeed, it thoroughly agrees with the view expressed by many of its correspondents that the workman pays his share, and more than his share, now. The mischief is that he does not know he is paying. If some deductions were to be made every week from .his wages the Jingo workman would be less inclined to talk' wildly about his Impeiial destinies. At the annual meeting of the Cambrian Railways Company, held in London last week, one of the shareholders said it was time something was done to benefit the holders of the ordinary stock, and he moved that the directors approach the London and North. Western, the Midland, and the Great Western Companies to ascertain upon what terms they would purchase the undertaking. The motion was seconded but did not find another supporter, and was then lost. A second resolqtion for the appointment of a committee of shareholders to confer with the directors was not pressed. Mr. Edward Powell, Newtown, called attention to the un- satisfactory train service to Aberystwyth, and asked how they could expect that water- ing-place to flourish when served in such a manner. The immortal memory of St. David has been honoured in various ways during the past week, not only in the Principality itself and in the larger English towns, but all over the globe wherever a considerable Welsh community is to be found. This year, how- ever, the celebrations were much modified owing to. the death of the late Queen. A St. David's Day dinner is one of the few. func- tions at which men of different parties, interests, and creeds meet in fraternal con- cord. Such gatherings do much to foster and strengthen the sentiments fof nation- ality, and it is remarkable how that senti- ment has grown in. Wales of recent years. Tory and Liberal, Churchmen and Non- conformist now vie with each other in asserting the right of Welshmen to cultivate and to take pride in their distinctive trait I as a people. This year's gathering at Aber- ystwyth, under the, presidency of Mr. D. Lloyd Lewis, was considered the most successful for many years. Dr. Harries again enlivened the company with his favourite theme, ad went into a great hwyl." A full report of the proceedings is given in another column. At a meeting of the Northern Counties' Education League on Friday a letter was read from Lord Edmond Fitzmaurice, M.P. on the necessity for harmonious working between School Boards and County Councils. The subject of the Education Bill to be introduced this session was also considered. Rumours had reached the League that the bill would seek to destroy all School Boards below a certain limit of population. In addition, the proposal to apply local rates to schools of sectarian character and manage- ment was held to call for the strongest opposition' from all friends of education. It was pointed out that the Secondary Bill of the Duke of Devonshire proposed to use local rates and funds for' the support of schools of the narrowest denominational type- Tne Rev Dr Randies, supported by the Rev Dr Bruce, said that what the denominationalists wanted was the power to retain the appointment of teachers and of inculcating creeds while drawing the cost of the schools from rates and taxes.—The Chair- man, Mr Cockburn, discussed the question of the suitability of the County Councils 'to act as educational authorities, and it was generally held that the County Council was quite unable to perform the duties of local school management, Q:. Last week Dr. Disoiiel Evans, of Swanseaf gare the son of Mr. John R. Rosser, a bottle- of faixture containing earboKc acid by mis- take. The you'th died rn' half an hour. Dr. Evansi admitted the mistafts at the inquest. The Arasjy Estimates wllgh were issued last week,, should make the dnJfest realise what war raeans to the tar^payer. The Government asks for X87,91^AM)0 for the coming financial year. The Earl of Kimberley has been, seriously ill for the past week. On inquiry- on Satur- day a press representative was informed that his condition showed no improvement, and that the extreme weakness was causing, great anxiety to his family. The Cardiff School Board has just taken a plebiscite on the question "Shall Welsh be taught in the Cardiff Schools?" with the result that by a majority of 670 the proposal was negatived. As a result Welsh wilt cease to be a compulsory subject in the curriculum. Cyclists are successfully asserting their legal rights. Two important county court decisions were given last week, In a- Maidstone ease a number of persons walking in the road would not, in spite of warning, take the trouble to allow a cyclist to pass. Some of the number were inadvertently knocked down.. Judge Emden held that if people took the road when a path was provided for them there was cast on them the necessity of extra precaution. In the second case, Judge Short, at Lincoln, gave damages to a cyclist whose machine, left on the edge of the pavement, was injured by a cab driven along the street. These decisions will, no doubt/encourage cyclists to insist upon their rights. The result of the London Counry Council election is the triumph of the citizen over the politicians. The apathy which everyone expected has been all on the side of the Moderates, who fought the election for the first time on party lines, and appealed to the voters as Conservatives and Unionists. Perhaps the most striking victory is in Battersea, where Mr John Burns and his colleague (Mr William Davies, of Bryngwyn, Borth), who at the last triennial election had a majority of 1,400, have now a majority "of 4,000. But the Progressive majorities in every district where they have won are astounding. It is now recognised by sensible Moderates that they will never obtain a majority until their representatives show a genuine desire to further the work of the body they are elected to serve. Whatever may have been the case five months ago, when the country was deceived into the belief that the war was over, and consequently that results had justified the Government's policy, there can be no question that the popularity of the war has since considerably abated. People are beginning wearily to ask themselves, What are we fighting for ?" and When will it end ?" Gradually but surely the conviction is gaining ground that we are attempting to crush not an "oligarchy" but a nation. The hopelessnees, to say nothing of the immorality, of the undertaking is becoming more manifest every day. During the seventeen months of the war many thousands of lives and millions of money have been sacrificed in efforts to force the uncondi- tional surrender" of a brave enemy. We went to war for equal rights and now it is unconditional surrender." At Westminster last week the Royal Commission appointed to inquire into cases of recent arsenical beer poisouing in Lan- cashire and elsewhere resumed taking evidence. Dr Niven, medical officer of health for Manchester, was the first witness. He suggested as a safeguard against the introduction of arsenic into articles of food or drink that manufacturers of foods and drinks in the preparation of which chemicals were employed should be required by law to have printed in clear characters onany order sent to the vendor of such chemicals the words To be used in the manufacture of foods and drinks," and that persons supply- ing chemicals for that purpose should be required to affix a label on each consignment. stating that the materials were for the. manufacture of foods and drinks. With reference to malt and hops witness suggested that it should be made illegal for such articles to be contaminated with arsenic, and he considered it desirable that the. Food and Drugs Act should be amended so that it might be possible to trace that source of contamination. In the March number of the "Temple Magazine" the Rev. Silas Hocking discusses. the question of the wisdom of the century schemes for raising money adopted recently by certain religious denominations. He mentions the American plan of celebrating ithe new century by getting half a million more children to join the Sunday-schools, and adds; This was a very notable and neble achivement, and if, now that they.are gathered y into the schools of the country, the intelli- gence and enthusiasm can be thrown into. their training, the good that will result therefrom in the future no man can estimate, j In this country the heads of the various 'Churches have come to the conclusion that, the great thing needed is money, and so. tnearly every denomination has started its. century scheme for raising guineas. I cannot honestly say that I think that ,money is the gieat want of the Churches to- day We may build huge churches. and rear lofty spires and decorate with artistic skill, but if we cannot get the mas- ses of the people into those churches, and so, bring them under the influence of the. Gospel, then our expenditure is very largely in vain. There is excellent entertainment provided! for the' public at large-at the ratepayers, expense by the Lewisham Board or Guardians. A week or two ago Mus Moran, "an active; lady member of the, board, "exchanged words" with another member, Major West. Things got to such a pitch that the lady finally questioned the, right of the major to his military title. The major expressed his willingness to pro- duce his commission if Mrs Morgan would show him her marriage certificate,. a condi- tion which she repelled as "insulting." On Monday Mrs Moran was again in attend- anee, and interrupted so repeatedly that she was finally forcibly removed by order of the chairman, with, a view to the better conduct of the public business. At the close of the t71 meeting, however, she returned, and pro- ducing a dog-whip, she heartily beJaboured the unfortunate major with it, exclaiming You scoundrel You eiir! and This is my revenge!" Major West took his 44 punishment" Hbravely, and continued to smoke his cigar. As a matter of fact, he seemed to rather enjoy the incident. There was, at any rate, plenty of laughter from the other membws of the board, several of whom wput to the major's assistance, and drew off his assailant. Afterwards the police appeared upon the scene, but Major West declined to give Mrs [ Moran into pustody.
Business Notices. ( PRESENTS. COMPLETION OF ALTERATION AND REMOVAL TO NEW PREMISES We have completed our NEW PREMISES, and have now at our disposal space adequate for the increasing demand of our business. TOYS FOR BAIRNS You are puzzled what to give your loved ones, Boys, Girls, Babies. You want to give them something good, useful, something that will be a pleasant reminder of your thoughtfulness. To do so, look in at WARD & CO. S As in previous years permit us to draw your attention to our show of inex- & pensive and USEFUL NOVELTIES suitable for PRESENTS. Each succeeding year we strive to go one better. Our Stock of Nick-nacks in all Departments is greater than in any year before, and if variety of choice and price count anything, we are sure of pleasing you. TOYS, JEWELLERY. STATIONERY, FANCY LEATHER CABINET, and ART POTTERY in great variety. TOBACCONIST GOODS of all Kinds. WARD & CO.'S ABERYSTWYTH BAZAAR 6, Great Darkgate Street, Aberystwyth c O A c H AND Four-Horse Charabancs EXPRESS ancl MkiESTIC, WILL LEAVE PHILLIP'S HALL, TERRACE ROAD, Also from BRANCH AT NORTH PAfRADE, Every Morning at 10 o'clock, for DEVILS BRIDGE BRAKES, WAGGONETTES, LANDAUS, AND CHARABANCS Will leave Daily for LLYFNANT VALLEY, HAFOD, PLYNLIMON and ABERAYRON. PLEASANT AFTERNOON DRIVES to Ocosswood Panorama Drive, Rheidol Falls, Monk's Cave, and Talybont. Private Address: Proprietor 31 MARINE TERRACE. D. PHILLIPS. GRANITE, MARBLE AND STONE WORKS, MACHYNLLETH. JOHN JONES, MONUMENTAL SCULPTOR, &c. Estimates given for every description of Monuments, Memorial Tablets, Headstones, Crosses, Tombs, etc. Specimens to be seen at Smithdown-road, Liverpool; Birkenhead, and Newtbwn Cemetries, Newtown, Itlanllwchaiarn, Machynlleth, Dinas Mawddwy, Eglwyafach, Towyn, Aberystwyth, Carno, and Dylife Churchyardb. FOR GOOD AND RELIABLE BOOTS AND SHOES OF THF BEST QUALITY GO TO EDWIN PETERS 51, GREAT DARKGATE STREET, 51, (Three doors above Town Clock,) ABERYSTWYTH. Gentlemen's ud Ladies' Boots and Shoes of every description. Repairs- on shortest notice J. GWILYM EVANS. Family Grocer & Provision Merchant, THE STORES, HIGH STREET AND STATION ROAD, TOWYN. NOTED HOUSE FOR TEA. BEST IN PURITY AND FLAVOUR. THE A BERYSTWYTH ENAMELLED (gLATEWORKS, w PEWALK, zi BERYSTWITH. MANUFACTURERS OF ENAMELLED SLATE CHIMNEY PIECES. Slabs of every description always in stock Prices and estimates on application. BEST CUTLERY AND ELECTRO PLATED GOODS AT David Ellis & Sons, IRONMONGERS, 14. GREAT DARKGATE ST., AND 6 CHALYBEATE STREET, ABERYSTWYTH DANIEL, SON, AND MEREDITH, (ESTABLISHED 1875). AUCTIONEERS, Valuers: and Estate Agents, ABERYSTWYTH, TOWYN, AND BARMOUTR. Sales '6 Landed and Residential Estates, Free- hold and Leasehold Properties, Mines and Quarries, Hotels, Farming Stock, Household Furtiilure. &c., undertaken. Valvatiatis for Prolate, Mortgage and other purposes. I Appointed Valiler., by the Gai di^anshire and ( M hshire County Council, under the Finance Act. 1894. j J. WALTER EVANS, 199 GREAT DARKGATE STREET ABERYSTWYTH. Is now showing a Splendid Selec tion of NEW GOODS In all Departments. BOYS' & MEN'S SUITS IN A GREAT VARIETY. NEW DRESSES, FURNISHING GOODS, Sec. NEW SEEDS!! HADAU NEWYDD EP. TAYLOR begs to inform his numerous • customers that^be has received his annual stock of garden and field seed of the best pos- sible quality. Early potatoes of various kinds; best early, and Marrow; Fat Peas, and all other see da. E. P. TAYLOR, Fruiterer, Greengrocer, and Radnor House. Game Dealer. Terrace-rd., Aberystwyth. SPECIAL NOTICE. GREAT SALE OF DRAPERY GOODS AT London House, j DURING THIS MONTH. NOTICE. JOHN ROBERTS, TOBACCONIST, 25 TERRACE ROAD, A BERYSTWYTH AGENT FOR GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY Co. LTD. GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY. A B I a.m. pm. pm. p.m. pm. ABERYSTWYTH Dept. 8 15 12 B 30 1 15 1 15 6 25 WREXHAM Arr. 12 52 5 B 28 5 43 6 47 JO 26 CHESTER- „ 1 20 7 A 7 90 I S 12 20 LIVERPOOL (Landing Stage) „ 2 20 7 B 0 7 20 8 0 12J0 MANCHESTER (Exchange) „ 3 2 8 B lfl 8 10 8 37 WOLVERHAMPTON „ 2 13 6 25 BIRMINGHAM. „ 2 38 Wednes- 6 53 LONDON (Paddington)- 5 20 days only 10 50 A.-Passengers by this train are allowed one hour at Shrewsbury for lunch. B.-Via Dolgelley. Passengers wishing to travel by this Train should ask for Tickets via Dolgelley when booking. Passengers are requested to ask for Tickets by the GREAT WESTERN Route Every Information respecting Great Western Train Service can be obtained of Mr. J ROBERTS, 25, Terrace Road, Aberystwyth, or of Mr. G. GRANT, Divisional Superintendent, G.W.R., Chester. PADDINGTON STATION. J. L. WILKINSON, General Manager. NOTICE TO FARMERS. M. H. DAVIS AND SONS, ABERYSTWYTH, Have received their Stock for the Season of CHAFFCUTTERS, PULPERS, ETC. H. W. GRIFFITH, BOOT AND SHOE WAREHOUSE, 7, COLLEGE GREEN, TOWYN, MER Agent for the noted K and Cinderella Boots. MILLINERY ESTABLISHMENT 1, GREAT DARKQATE STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. MRS. J. W. THOMAS MILLINERY, BABY LINEN, AND UNDERCLOTHING ESTABLISHMENT. Hats and Bonnets Cleaned and Altered. CENTRAL PHOTOGRAPHIC STUDIO. Speciality:-Stamp Photos. Charges Moderate. I SEASON 1901. THOS. POWELL & CO., ABERY&^L Are offering a CHOICE SELECTION of GARDEN SEEDS, SEED POTATOES. GRAND SELECTION OF AGRICULTURAL SEEDS. Spring Wheat, White Oats, Black Tartarian Oats, Barley, Ceirch Llwyd. Cowgrass, Red Clover, White Dutch, Alsyke, Trefoil, Italian and Perennial Ryegrass. Also, a Choice Selection of Clovers and Grasses for Meadows and Permanent Pastures. ALL THE SEEDS ARE OF THE FINEST QUALITY. I Ni Werthir dim ond yr Hadau Goreu. J S; — ) J t;\). (;) 1\ F V ABSOLUTELY PURE, THEREFORE BEST. FREE FROM A.LL ADMIXTURES, SUCH AS KOLA, MALT, HOPS, ALKALI, &c. The Standard of Highest Purity.Tlte Lancet. INSIST on having CADBURYo (sold only in Packets and Tins), as other Cocoas are sometimes substituted for the sake of extra profit NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS. NANTERNES.—Byddwch mor garedig AG anfon yn fwy prydlon. Dim gofod y tro hwn. ELECTOR.—Sir Marte-ine Lloyd is an Alder- man for the Aberystwyth division.
ON DIRTY ROADS. RARELY indeed has public opinion been so pronounced and unanimous in its condemna- tion of the wretched state of the roads as it has been during the past few months and rarely, indeed, has public opinion had such justifiable grounds for complaint. Notwith- standing. the time of year, and the climatic agencies that are naturally at work, weather- ing rock and road, during the winter season, still it cannot be gainsaid that the condition I of our highways is far-very far—from what it should be. We have no sympathy with those who grumble immediately the public thoroughfares are coated with a sheet of mud, which must, in certain cases, necessarily follow a shower of rain, We know some folks who will tolerate any amount of dust so long as they owi enjoy their favourite spin" and we need hardly add that dirt is far less obnoxious as mud than as dust. Every shower of rain which transforms dust to mud may be fraught with priceless blessings; for lynx-eyed Science has discovered that the hosts of bacilli and bacteria and such like formidable enemies of mankind are practically harmless while they make their "laager" in mud, but are terribly dangerous and make endless havoc when they are scattered about as dust and make" raids" into our systems. The germ- theory of diseases, with its ever-extending list, has turned our age into a veritable Reign of Terror, and any intelligence that the enemy is harassed and unable to make progress by sticking in the mud" or otherwise must be welcome news. Mud, therefore, viewed from the standpoint of a kind philosophy, isnot such an unmitigated nuisance as we are wont to take it to be and when we wade through it ankle deep our Jhearts should be gladdened with the very idea that we are trampling triumphantly over myriads of our direst and most implacable foes, more helpless, while in this captivity, than flies in treacle. But this aspect of the question has its reverse; for when the mud dries the fetters are loosened, the enemy regains his mobility, and rides upon the wind, wreaking vengeance, wherever it goes. Then, if such be the case the question that naturally arises is: Why not get rid of the mud and its imprisoned germs otice and for all, and thus lessen the chances of the spread of the dreadful diseases they implant ? Why not sys- tematically clear away the mud, and be rid of all its offensiveness as well as the evil it harbours? Then the further question arises: Should not our roads be so constructed as to lend themselves to do this 'work automatically, as it were, to a far greater extent than at present ? Such questions as these are easier asked than answered. The best laid schemes of mice, and men gang aft agley," and it would be unreasonable as well as, possibly, impracticable to construct a road in such a manner as to meet all emergencies. The present season is said to be a record one for dampness; the worst in that respect for the past sixty years, said Dr HARRIES at Aberystwyth on Friday evening. Still, after making a liberal allowance for all favourable conditions, there is, we think, ample room for reasonable complaint respect- ing the state of the public roads, especially in the immediate neighbourhood of towns, wheie building operations are going on. When thaw sets in, carting is an effective contribution to the process of disintegration. There is good reason for believing that the art of road making is rapidly becoming lost. Since trains have supplanted the old stage coaches it is but a natural sequence that the railroads should, more or less, supplant the highways. At aijy trate it is generally believed that if the art of road making has not deteriorated the roads themselves are sadly neglected and are not kept in such proper state of repair at all seasons as to allow them to fulfil their functions I to the satisfaction of the public who have to use and maintain them. It might be argued that great expenditures on our highways can no longer be justified considering that we are so lichly blessed with newer and better means of swift and easy communication, and that the days of the METCALFES, MACADAMS, and TELFORDS passed away with the advent of the STEP HEX SONS, BRUNELS, and WHEATSTONES. Still, good roads cannot be lightly dispensed with, and they must ever play an important part in the life a community as long as its members are wingless bipeds. Bad roads, have much to do with the vexed question of rural de- population, inasmuch as they materially lessen the comforts of country life and make a serious addition to its burdens- by the in- creased price of commodities owing to the greater cost of cartage, which is governed by the condition as well as the length of the road traversed. The County Councils will have to grapple with the question in earnest. Many improvements have been effected since these bodies came into existence some twelve years ago, but it is questionable whether they are commensurate with the ex- penditure, and the Merioneth County Council has avowed its dissatisfaction in this respect in a practical manner, for that body has resolved to adopt a new course in the maintenance of its roads. Instead of under- taking the work itself directly as hitherto the Merioneth Council will in future give the work out by contract. This method of devolving'and distributing work,and responsi- bility is in one sense an open confession of failure to deal successfully with the task. However, the sole anxiety of the Council is to attain better results without increasing the already heavy burden of the ratepayers. The question of the maintenance of main roads through towns has given rise to some difficulty, but it is to be hoped that this troublous question will now resolve into a clear understanding as regards the onus of town and country. At any rate, Alderman PETER JONES' presentment of the case at Lampeter the other day should lay it at rest for all practicable purposes, and enable the towns to proceed with their contemplated improvements, without being deterred by the bugbear of inquiries, nor misguided by illusions of the distribution of costs.
LIBERALS AND THE WAR. SIR H. CAMPBELL-BAX^EP.MAN, speaking upon the war at Oxford on Saturday evening, said that after the Liberal Federation meeting at Rugby there could be no doubt at all what the Liberal policy was. That policy was directed to two main objects. In the first place it should be made krtown clearly to the peoples of the belligerent States that our purpose was not conquest but conciliation, not humiliation, but friend- ship and freedom. In the second place the terms should include the re-settlement in their homes of burghers who by the opera- tions of war had been dispossessed, and the establishment, as soon as order was restored, of free, self-governing institutions. He had urged in the House of Commons and would continue to. urge the publication of favour- able and honourable terms. This would hasten the. conclusion of the war, abate the jealousies and suspicions which alienated from us large masses of the community in South Africa,, and do something to regain the goodwill and approbation of the civilised nations of the world which had been lost. The political supremacy of the British power in South Africa could only be maintained by conciliation and friendship—never by domi- nation and' ascendancy. It could not rest securely unless it rested upon the willing consent of sympathetic and contented people. This was the true key of the situation, and they must keep repeating it until it got deeply into the popular mind. In referring to the circumstances which would follow the war, Sir Henry said he trusted the Liberal party would maintain and persist in its objection to the establishment of a Crown Colony system of government. The great essential was that the government which immediately succeeded the war should be of a provisional and temporary character. No one doubts that there must be an Administration resting substantially on military force until something like the normal peaceful life of the country is restored. The difference is that some people wish to stereotype this stage by erecting a ¡ regular, formal Government of the CrOwn Colony type, while those who cherish some memory of that ardent love for free in- stitution which the Government boasted in the days before the war think that it would be a little too ludicrous if, having gone into this controversy for the sake of the franchise for all white men, we end it by taking the franchise away from all white men. It is becoming more evident, day by day, that the conciliation policy is the right policy; and the one that offers the best means to shorten the war for, 'Tis a firmer conquest truly said To win the heart than overthrow the head. At any raie the alternative policy is a con- fessed failure, while the policy of concilation has at least a chance of ultimate success and, if.. vigorously and persistently advocated by the Liberal Party in the country and in Parliament, it may result in the restoration of peace and the uprooting of a canker that is sapping the vitals of the country and eating at the heart of the Empire