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CARDIGAN | DISTRICT LETTER.

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CARDIGAN DISTRICT LETTER. THE SELBY MISFORTUNE. Various members of the Bacon lactory Com- mittee stated that marked copies of the Selby Times," containing a full report of the shareholders: of the Yorkshire Bacon Curing Co., Ltd., had been sent to them through post, by whom no one could say. That report has its lessons, and it may be of general interest to give the purport of what has happened at Selby. The balance sheet presented by the Chairman of Directors for the year ending 31st December last was of a disastrous character. The paid-up capital of the Company is £ 15,000, and after giving credit for all assets, there was a debit balance of £ 7,236. The loss in the first half- year was Z4,447, and in the second half-year, £ 2,789. The Chairman explained to the share- holders the numerous causes which had brought about this state of things, viz.(l) Bad manage- ment to begin with, by which a large sum was lost through defective curing. (2) Excessive outlay in building and equipment. The factory could be built to-day at one-third less cost. (3) Inability to procure supplies, suitable in weight and quality, locallv, while owing to the regulations of the West Riding County Council (under order of the Board of Agriculture), it was impossible for the Directors to import Irish pigs. At a time when pigs were bought for 40s per cwt., and during the months from September to December, when they should have been killing 300 pigs a week, there were none to be got. (4) Working under the capacity of the factory, and therefore with a surplus staff. (5) Fierce competition in the trade, and the expenses of establishing a connection. (6) A period of bad prices in the bacon trade—the lowest on record. (7) Bank charges. (8) Want of prac- tical guidance on the Board of Directors. (9) Dishonest trader?. The Company investigated a complaint as to their alleged inferior bacon, and they found that bacon cured elsewhere had been passed as theirs.. Notwithstanding the unfortunate state of affairs the Chairman considered the outlook hopeful. He admitted that mistakes had been made, but there was no reason why they should recur in the future, and with the experienced gained, the directors and staff hoped successful results would yet be attained. 7000 nia-s were killed last year and with a very z, slight increase in the establishment charges the output of the factory might be doubled. Some people thought the Company were philanthropists and would buy anything, but the farmers were now getting to understand what was required, and some of the best agriculturists in the neighbourhood were sending their pigs to the factory. It was satisfactory to note too, that no shares in the factory had changed hands below par, while the last lot had been sold at 5s. premium. The report was unanimously adopted, and a vote of confidence in the Directors was passed. RESPECTABLE ME AT VARIANCE. A police court case which caused considerable town talk was heard on Thursday last by the Borough bench. Colonel Picton Evans presiding, such ° case arising out of the following circumstances. The complainant, John James Owen, chief telegraph clerk at the Post Office, shortly after leaving work on the evening of the 29th ult.. was, according to his statement, met near the P.O. by the defendant, Walter James Wigley (just home from sea), who first accused -1.. him of having struck his sister some time previuusiv. » Owen admitted this, and said he had paid for it, j ■when Wigley struck him in the face, and abused J him. Owen went to the Justices' Clerk's residence J with the intention of procuring a warrant against J the defendant, when he again attacked him, and | winded him, whether by kick or blow he could I not say. Being in bodily fear of the defendant, J Owen had since had police protection. Under J cross-examination. Owen alleged that he had been | provoked into catching hold of Miss Wigley by the throat in consequence of a serious imputation j which had been made by her on his character. J That case, however, was withdrawn on payment of | costs. Walter James Wigley, the defendant, swore that complainant was the aggressor, and that he had acted only in self defence. The Bench fined the defendant 30s. and costs in respect of both assaults,-an application for sureties against him being refused; and the cross summons was dismissed. SIR LAWRENCE HUGH JENKINS, K.T. How mysteriously the influences of the past are found to bear upon individual lives. The late Mr. R. D. Jenkins (who died in office as Mayor of Cardigan in 1885, after representing the town on 13 occasions, commencing as far back as 1832), was one of those chiefly instrumental in founding the Loyal Glantivy Lodge of Oddfellows. On Tuesday evening, last week, his son Sir Lawrence Hugh Jenkins, Chief Justice of Bombay, an Honorary member of the Lodge, was heartily welcomed by the members at a special gathering convened to make him a presentation of a massive silver inkstand, in commemoration of his knight- hood, and his elevation to the high office he now z, holds on the Indian Judiciary. Alderman 0. Beynon Evans (P.S. of the Carningle District) presided, and the meeting being an open one, there was a large attendance, and the proceedings throughout were of a most harmonious and delightful character. Sir Lawrence in acknow- ledging the gift won the hearts of every one by his unaffected address—his homely and personal allusions being received with the utmost pleasure. The old home attachments were in no sense lessened by the fact that his destiny is now cast 8,000 miles away, in a position which makes him the cynosure of a myriad eyes, and in which his influence is felt as a part of the nation's Imperial sway. He told his hearers that on St. David's day, he. in company with some notable Welshmen, sang Hen wlad fy nbadau on the Himalayas." As a mason he had mixed up with persons of all politics, religions. and nationalities, and he greatly appre- ciated the influence of Oddfellowship, by which men came to know each other better, and were brought into that close union which was the highest object of humanity.—There were a great many speakers in the course of the evening, and Mr. W. Joseph (P.P.C.M.) referred to a striking co- incidence. He was in possession of a letter written 50 years ago from Sir illiam Yardley, then Chief Justice of Bombay, offering the late Mr. R. D. 7!1 Jenkins an appointment as his agent. Now, his son. Sir Lawrence occupies Sir William's seat on the Bench PROPOSED BACOX FACTORY The members of the Bacon Factory Committee met on Saturday last at the Angel Hotel, Cardigan. The Mayor, Mr" Morgan-Richardson presided, and there were present Col. Picton Evans, Treforgan Messrs W. O. Brieistocke, Blaenpant; D. Ivor Evans, Netpool; T. Havard, Penally; T. Hughes, Rhosy- gadr; T. Evans, Llwynduris; and D. S. Jones, Castlemalgwyn. The object of the meeting was to consider the information supplied by Mr Loudon M. Douglas, as to the relative values of the porker and the bacon pig (a precis of which was given in this letter a fortnight ago), and generally with regard to the scheme for establishing a factory at Cardigan. To sum up the discussion, the state- ments0 made to prove the greater value of the bacon pig were not considered sufficiently clear for tne comprehension of the farmers, nor was the source of the information altogether satisfactory, seeing that Mr Douglas represented a manufacturing firm, whose business it was to fit out such factories. It was said that there was a prejudice amongst the farmers against accepting information supplied by anyone who would benefit financially by establishing the factory. The Chairman said that he had every confidence in Mi Douglas himself, and that what he had told them was given with a single mind, and without any idea of persuading them to buy the machinery necessary for the factory; still, he agreed that they wanted more light on the sub- ject. Mr Brig-stocke proposed that the meeting should be adjourned in order that the members of the Committee might obtain from independent sources all the information they could as to the best method of successfully carrying on a bacon factory. This was seconded by Mr T. Evans, Llwynduris. Col Picton Evans ujged that the resolution should go further, and that they should get not merely general statements as to the best method of carrying on a factory, but practical answers to practical questions on the difficulties which were now foreseen. Mr Brigstocke and Mr Evans adopted the suggestion, and the resolution was carried in an amended form. The meeting was afterwards adjourned. USEFUL POINTS IN THE DISCUSSION. ■ £ The foregoing was the vital effect of the meeting, B -but the discussion brought out a number of in- ™ teresting punts. Mr Brigstocke wished it made distinctly clear that so far as he was concerned — in the matter his interest in the scheme would M* depend entirely upon the extent to which the HP farmers themselves were interested. He did not pose, any r.n«r-e than the other members of the com- mittee, as a philanthropist in the matter, but as a man of business. He was quite prepared to put Z100 into the concern, and he should expect to receive at, all events 5 per cent for his money. But the scheme could not succeed unless the farmers h themselves bad a stake in it, and the first task of Bfc ^the cornmi vasto arouse the interest of the H* -farmers. He referred to a letter from a pig dealer which had appeared in a local paper, in wfhich the writer stated that his difficulty was to get people to keep their pi^slong enough to become good porkers j of six score, live weight, and when he told people their pils ,pr.. not big enough the reply he gener- ally got wr, zz I 1 am bound to get rid of them now, as tbev devour tnO much corn." "Pig Dealer" did not think rhe ,'iverage weight of the pigs sent away from CardL S'ation was more than 5 score, while a truck of 7 scores would pay the sender double the money. Mr Brigstocke thought this point was ;ry important and should be cleared up. Will the farmers keep their pigs long enough to suit the Bacon Factory ? And they must first prove to the farmers that it will pay them to do so. The Chair- man was quite in accord with Mr Brigstocke, the matter should be treated as a strictly business one. Their only motive in raising the question was to try and improve matters for the farmers of the country around them. A Factory of the kind had been started at Aberayron, and the proprietor had, he was told, made it pay extremely well. He had started bv killing 300 pigs the first year, last year started bv killing 300 pigs the first year, last year he bad killed 700, and he had found the business so lucrative that he was removing to Aberystwyth. z, He had found no difficult in disposing of the pro- ducts of the Factory, and in paying higher prices for the raw material than the pig dealers and jobbers Any opposition on the part of the dealers would, he thought, be short lived, because the 1 farmers would very soon find out that they could get better prices at the Factory. He proposed to write to Mr Wynford Philipps, who was greatly interested in the subject, and possibly he might be able to throw some light on the difficulties which had occurred to them. It would he thought be a pity either to push on the Factory prematurely, or to drop it altogether, and he quite agreed with the proposal to make the necessary enquiries on the questions which had arisen in the course of the discussion. The three main points were: (1) What is the average live weight of the pigs sold in the Dis- trict as porkers: (2) How long must such pigs be kept to be fit for the purposes of the Factory and (3) Will it pay the farmer and cotttager to keep them ? Anyone who can throw light on these points would do a service by communicating with any member of the Committee, or with the "Welsh GA'EITE' TELEI'ATH.

NEWCASTLE EMLYN.

LLANIO ROAD.

LLANFARIAN.

Board of Guardians.

THE MARKETS.| .j i

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