Aberystwyth. Aberystwyth experience a rude awakening on y 11 Saturday morning last, or at any rate that portion of the populution which had not aroused from its slumbers at the time when the long-expected news of the relief of Mafeking arrived. Although the in- telligence had reached the whole of the large towns in the Kingdom on Friday night, the first intima- tion received at Aberystwyth was brought by the mail, which arrived at about 6-30 the following morning. The wild screaming of the engine whistles which commenced immediately after the train entered the town set every- one who was about at that hour on the qui rive. Steps were rapidly directed towards the Railway Station, and within a few minutes the welcome news of the relief of Mafeking was spreading far and wide throughout the town. For the following two or three hours the confusion of sound eman- ating from all directions was ear-splitting. Steam whistles in the vicinity of the Railway Station kept up an unceasing din, detonators were fired with an unprecedented prodigality, and there was the booming of cannon resounding from all sides. The streets of the town presented a animated ap- pearance. Aroused by the noise, and anticipating the long looked for news, persons rushed out of their houses without a thought for their morning's toilet. Then they eagerly sought for a con- firmation of their hopes from whoever they chanced to meet first. Having gleaned all the information available at that time, a great many indulged in the wildest enthusiasm, and poured out their congratulations indiscriminately. Small knots also assembled and raised cheers for Baden- Powell and his heroic garrison, and the sounds of rejoicing became universal. Immediately on the opening of the Post Office-at 7 o'clock—a telegram was received addressed to the Lion Hotel, giving the contents of Reuter's message received from Pre- toria the previous night. A large crowd also assembled at the Post Office expecting a War Office telegram, but the news not having come through official sources, this was not forthcoming. In a surprisingly short time the streets of the town became bedecked with flags and bunting of every -description, the Union Jack, of course, predomi- nating. These displays were not confined to the business portions alone, but were equally con- spicuous in the residential parts. The event was celebrated at the College in an unprecedented manner. As soon as the news was known, students quiclky assembled, and active preparations were set on foot to do justice to the occasion. The lady students besieged the shops in the locality, and bought up all the flags available. Lectures were, of course suspended for the day, and all congregated in the quadrangle. Some of the more venturesome of the students then proceeded to the lecture rooms, and carried the professors back to the quadrangle, where they were placed on the gridiron." Even the Principal himself did not escape the ordeal. Speeches were then de- manded, and every remark of each speaker was Cheered to the echo. The students varied the pro- gramme by marching round the quadrangle, singing and cheering. Afterwards a procession was formed of the male and female students, and marched through the town. The leading figure was a student astride a donkey. Then followed a drum, beaten with such hearty vigour that it soon collapsed. Others of the students gave vent to their feelings by creating as much sound as an old concertina, penny whistles and trumpets, and other instruments could give forth. On returning to the College the jubilations were continued for a con- siderable time, and a collection also taken for the repair of the damaged drum. At half-past eleven a public meeting was held at the Town Hall, comprising the Mayor (Alderman C. M. Williams) and Councillors and other influ- ential gentlemen of the town, to consider the best way to celebrate the Relief of Mafeking, the news of which arrived in town early in the morning of that day. The Mayor at the outset said that the meeting had been called hurriedly to consider how best to celebrate the great event which had taken place at Mafeking. He was sure all were glad of the news which they heard that morning (hear, hear.) There had been great anxiety in Aber- ystwyth lately, but now that was at an end. If they had anticipated what they had heard that day steps would have been taken to keep the post office open the previous night. As Mayor he had taken these steps for a great demonstration that -afternoon, which would take the form of a procession. He had asked the tradesmen of the town to close their establishments from two till six. He would like to have asked them to close for a longer time. There was a desire to close from two till six and close again at eight. He felt sure Aberystwyth would be second to none in showing their apprecia- tion of the bravery, tact and patience of the gallant and successful defenders (hear, hear.) They could never express their gratitude for the heroic manner in which Baden Powell had held out in spite of great privations. He had no doubt there was starvation there, if the truth were told. He might say that as soon as he received the telegram that morning he went to see Councillor Peake with regard to organizing a torchlight pro- cession. He would add that Councillor Peake was indispensable in all such matters (hear, hear), and was always ready and willing to oblige, and always did all things thoroughly. It was announced that Mr Green, the Foundry, was also making arrange- ments for burning a tar barrel, whereupon the Mayor said that in his opinion the best plan would be for Mr Green to co-operate with them and have the thing done on a large scale.—Councillor R. J. Jones said that on behalf of the Gas Company, any amount of tar would be supplied (applause). Mr Jones also said that he thought it would be an opportune moment to subscribe towards the Baden Powell Fund. He suggested that collections be made during the procession towards this fund, and that the Mayor for ward the amount on behalf of Aberystwyth. He added that he had met four friends that morning, and had taken upon himself to ask them for a subscription. He was pleased to say he had in hand four and a half guineas.—The Mayor suggested that the three bankers be treasurers, and that a notice be inserted in the local papers calling attention to the fund.—The collecting book was then handed round, and the sum of £ 20 was realized.—Mr. R. J. Jones said that a good plan would be to cable Aberystwyth's congratulations to Mafeking, and it was decided to do so. It was also decided that the fire brigade, lifeboat, cycling clubs, school children, etc., should be included in that day's demonstration.—Before closing the meeting, Mr. A. J. Hughes brought up the question of volunteers for Aberystwyth. 11 He said that one of the great difficulties they had to contend with in trying to form a corps at Aberystwyth was to get a commanding officer, but now, he was glad to say, that difficulty was surmounted. He was authorised to say that Major Bonsall would take the command if an invitation were addressed to him (applause). There was a public meeting to be held on Tuesday night, so that they were fairly on the way to have a corps at Aberystwyth. When the exceedingly short time at the disposal of the promoters is considered, the arrangements for the afternoon procession were highly- nieri toriolls. The starting place was fixed at the Town Hall, and from there the procession proceeded along Queen's- road to the Queen's Hotel, thence long the Terrace, through Pier-street, Great Darkgate-street and !Nortl>parade, and back to the Town Hall. The procession, which was headed by the Town Band, under the capable conductorship of Mr Jack Edwards, was voted to be the finest even seen in the town. The members and officials of the Cor- poration were present in full force, the Mayor being arrayed in his official robes, and the Town Clerk in his wig and gown. The procession also consisted of the Fire Brigade, in full uniform, a posse of police in charge of Chief Constable Howel Evans, a squad of local Naval Reserve men, the lifeboat and its crew, Mr Gilbert Rogers and his Merry Troopers, the College students, sch°ol children, etc. The chairman, directors, and officials of the Aberystwyth Gas Company, the latter in- cluding the engineer (Mr H. Woodall, London), were also present. All Aberystwyth had turned out along the route of the procession, and the enthusiasm of the townspeople as the calvacade passed along was unbounded. Returning to the Town Hall, the Mayor addressed a few words to. the huge throng. He said that the grand demon- stration witnessed that day showed that Aberyst- wyth was second to no town in its joy at the relief of Mafeking (cheers). He thought all would be of one opinion in saying that the conduct of Colonel Baden-Powell and his brave men during the very long period of hardships and trials they had under- gone was deserving of their highest admiration as a nation (loud applause). Cheers were afterwards given for the Queen, Baden-Powell, his officers and saen, and for Lord Roberts, and the Mayor and Mayoress were similarly honoured. The same night another grand pageant was wit- nessed, a torchlight procession on an extensive scale having been organised. The arrangement of the procession was almost identical with that of the afternoon, but the effect was considerably heightened by the glare of the torches, which num- bered over 200, and the burning of tubs of in- flammable materials carried upon long poles. The sight was an imposing one, and will not soon be forgotten by any who saw it. An effigy of Kruger was carried at the head of the procession. There were further demonstrations on returning to the square opposite the Town Hall, and the Mayor de- livered another short address. Thus did Aberyst- wyth show its appreciation of the gallant stand I made by Baden-Powell and his brave garrison. Much praise is due to Councillor R. Peake for the great trouble he took in superintending the details of the day's proceedings, and he was ably assisted by Chief Constable Howel Evans and his staff of police. We are informed that the amount collected at the Town Hall and at the two processions reached nearly E50, which is to be forwarded to Lady Curzon's fund raised with the object of assist- ing those who suffered in the siege of Mafeking. cl A significant fact in connection with the jubila- ions on Saturday was the decoration of one of the vessels lying in the harbour. The "Irene" is a Danish ship just arrived from the Baltic with a cargo of timber for Mr Lloyd, and carries a Dutch crew. When the news of the relief of Mafeking was made known, however, she was quickly decor- ated with flags from stem to stern, and presented a smarter appearance than any other craft in the harbour. The amounts collected in the boxes were as follows :—Miss Rea, White Horse Hotel, El 8s 6d j Mr D. C. Edwards, Terrace-road, 4s 4d: Miss Weller, 3s 6d; Miss Morris, 2s 2d j Miss Doughton, 12s 5i-d j Miss Owen, George-street, P,2 10s lid Miss Davies, 2s 6!d; Miss Wilkinson, lis L £ d; Miss Benbow, 13s 7d; Miss Wheatley, 5s 6d; Miss Kendrick, 10s 6d; Miss Penry, 13s 4d; and Miss Vaughan Rees, zEl 19s 6d. 11 2
Newcastle Emlyn. The news of the relief of Mafeking was received here with unbounded joy and was saluted by the firing of guns, and a general display of bunting. In the evening the fife and drum band paraded the streets, and were followed by an effigy of Snyman, the Boer commandant at Mafeking. In the pro- cession also was a young man in female attire with two bouncing babies in a perambulator representing the belongings of the "absent minded beggar." These figures bore no traces of having ever lived on reduced rations, and were a credit to any Tommy. They moved many to roars of laughter, but not to sympathy, for the collection made in the streets only amounted to ZI 15s 3id.
Talybont. The news of the relief of Mafeking was received here with every manifestation of joy. Banners were set flaunting in the air and there was a great bustle and commotion in the village streets. The news came first in a wire to Dr. James, Y Fagwyr from a friend in Aberystwyth. In the evening the band played a selection of music, and guns were let off and bonfires lit in honour of the event.
Pon trhydygroes. The news was received here with great joy. The enthusiasm of the villagers found vent in many strange ways. Many at first were sceptic, but the good news spread and caught like a con- tagion, leaving no one indifferent to the visible signs of sympathy with the gallant defenders of Mafeking. Guns were fired during the evening, and bonfires were lit on the hills.
Llwyngwril. The relief of Colonel Baden Powell and his gallant garrison was celebrated here on Saturday. During the day the houses were decorated with bunting, rock cannon were fired, &c. In the even- ing there was a torchlight procession with waving flags and banners and cheering and singing z! "I patriotic songs.
Bala. The news of the relief of Mafeking was received here about 6-30 on Saturday morning, and the town, even at that early hour, was gaily decorated with bunting, flags, &c. Mr Owen, White Lion Hotel, promptly wired to Glyndyfrdwy, Corwen, for the service of the brass band. At 5.50 a procession, consisting of the various tradesmen and workmen of the town, paraded the streets in waggons, &c., headed by a Welsh goat, representing the Royal Welsh Fusiliers, and the Glyndyfrdwy brass band. About 2,000 of the inhabitants of the took part in the procession, as also did the Oddfellows club, and all the members of the Bala Urban District Council, In front of the White Lion Hotel, a large crowd had gathered to cheer Baden-Powell, the defender of Mafeking, the Queen, &c.
From the Banks of the Dovey. And so at last Mafeking is relieved! We of Machynlleth were made aware of the fact at 7 a.m. on Saturday morning by a truly demoniac uproar, compounded of big drum, a shrieking tin whistle, a raucous and dismal tooting,' and fierce attempts at clamour from some relation to the instrument known as accordion. This avenging armv was followed by admirers performing fantasias on saucepan-lids. Such is patriotism. One heard it called other names during the day, though. Feeling that nothing further in the way of noise was possible, we hung out flags most gaily all day. In the evening came the Corris band, to play a selection of popular airs—and then we were entertained by a torchlight procession, which, considering the speed with which it was got up, was most amusing. "B.-P"'s victorious banner led the way-and following meekly in his glorious wake came Steyn," who certainly must have a strong tincture of British blood in his views, so strangely does he resemble Aunt Sally and Kruger a capital guy. Both these effigies were then derisively consigned to a bon-fire on Tanrallt, with much enjoyment and at last. very late, silence settled on the town. Kimberley- Ladysmith- Mafeking-a bead-roll which will not soon be for- gotten. We rejoice most thankfully over their relief, but even as we rejoice, the thought of what those beseiged must have endured chokes our cheers. Abdul Ayab Hanum, upon whom be peace —saith in his commendations—" That evil thou canst not avert, let not thy heart grieve for. But rather teach this thy heart to endure more valiantlv. For whc knoweth the will of Allah towards thee'l' How to get our boys and girls, our sons and daughters, to read and appreciate good literature, to eschew the Penny Dreadful-the enthralling novelette, to escape from the cloying sweetness of magazines, and settle down to serious study of our best authors, that-that is the question, at present weighing heavily on educationalists. On us all, one might say, for most of us recognise the ill effeett, of the habit of reading such trash—and one of the worst is that it so vitiates the mind as to make the perusal of any book an impossibility. The interest cannot be sustained—the mental palate craves absinthe, not solid food. Pascal analysed such mental maladies with perfect skill-though he went far deeper than we moderns have time, or perhaps inclination, for. The school-children are in good hands-we may safely leave them there—-but to adults it should surely be pointed out that a bow- ing acquaintance with the poets is necessary in order to be well-read. The favourite volumes of Selections of popular poetry should be shunned. If you wish to study any particular poet, take him by himself, look with his eyes, hear with his ears, saturate yourself with his spirit, thus, and thus only, will you ever really appreciate his poems. It would perhaps, be as well, when attempting, not to begin this method with Browning. What one may perhaps term a preliminary canter by the Graig Choir for 'the Liverpool Eisteddfod took place the other evening in a very stately style, and the various competitors appear to have had their merits carefully weighed. Miss Frances Lewis won the prize for a soprano solo, and at this we are not surprised. Given careful training, she may go far. And that careful training one hopes it will be possible for her to secure-since so many sweet-voiced girls have had what might have been a successful career lost to them by neglect of this most important factor. Enunciation-phrasing, flexibility, further developement of a surprisingly matured voice—how to safeguard-how to improve it-all this has to be learned, and learned while young, We trust Miss Lewis will recognise the importance of this, for she has the voice—that is much. How to use it is perhaps more. Few recognise, that though endowed with mediocre voices many fine singers have been made. We congratulate the choir and its conductor upon its success so far, and wish it all good fortune at Liverpool. MAGPIE.
ABERAYRON. FROM THE WAR.—Mr D. M. Hamer, of the New Market Hall, Aberystwyth, has just received a letter from his cousin, D. Hamer, now serving under Lord Roberts in South Africa, in the lsi Telegraph Division of the Royal Engineers. Hamer, who writes from Bloemfontein, is a son of the late Thomas Hamer, and nephew of Mr John Hamer, of Aberayron. In his letter he says :— We were called up from the reserve first week in October, and sailed from Southampton same week. I am here with Lord Roberts. It is over six months now since I left Old England, and I tell you I have seen some rough times, and been all over this side of the country. Was with Lord Methuen's column at first, that were in the battles of Belmont, Gras- pan, Modder River, and Magersfontein. Also went to Kimberley. Then joined Lord Roberts' column just after the battle of Paardeberg, and marched into here. For weeks I have not even had a tent to sleep in; had to sleep out in the open with only one blanket, and when it rained I can tell you it was not like being at home. As for grub-well, all I am waiting for is one good meal, then I shall be satisfied. However, I am in splendid health, so I don't mind these little troubles in the least. Won't I just make up for this when I get home-rather. But I am afraid I shall be here for a good many months yet, by the look of things at present. Can't tell you of my experiences here, as it would fill a book, so must put it off till I see you. You ought to see me doing my own washing; you would laugh. I have absolutely no clothes whatever, except what I actually stand up in, and have been so for weeks. But am expecting my kit bag up from De Aar, so shall be quite civilized once more. Could'nt I just do with a drop of beer too quite forgotten thq taste of it. A drop of dirty water out of the river has been more in my line lately. This accounts for all the fevers here; we have lost a great many men from this. This town, however, is very healthy, and I like it very much. Shall have to go on again when the next move takes place. Well, I think I'll dry up now and get on with my dry bread and coff ee."
Aberayron. The news of the relief of Mafeking reached Aberayron at 7 15 on Saturday morning, Miss Gold, the Post Office receiving the glad tidings first. Before 7 30 the school and church bells rang merry peals, and the whole town shookwith cannonading, and everybody was astir. Not a single street or lane could be seen without flags and bunting waving in the breeze, early that May morn. Not a single shop or place of business was opened. Children paraded the streets singing with unfeigned delight, and the old folks danced for joy. From lip to lip ran the words Mafeking relieved and the effect was magic. The fact. that a fellow towns- man, who had assisted to hold out on horse flesh, mule soup and starving rations was among the besieged added to the intensity of the joy. For about two hours nothing could be heard but the boom of our two inch cannon and the bang of pistols and other firearms. The mayor and the councillors assisted by willing marshals soon arranged a public demonstration. At 4 o'clock in the afternoon the inhabitants living on the south side of the bridge assembled at the Trinity Church those living in Market-street, Quay-parade, Tabernacle-street, and Cadwgan-place &• c. marshalled at Tabernacle-street, while the other quarters marshalled at Victoria-street, Water- street and North-road. At 4 o'clock the church bell rang the muster call. The town drum and fife band then left the Town Hall to the strains of Rule Brittania for the church, to head that con- tingent. Here the Mayor with his faithful councillors all mounted had assembled under the Union Jack. The procession, headed by the band, left Portland-place four abreast. In Bridge-street, the Water-street contingent and the Tabernacle contingent fell in. To the merry strains of the band the procession made its way for North-road, where the Victoria-street and North- road contingents fell in. By Rock-terrace a corps of cyclists, numbering about 100, joined. The sight was now magnificent to behold; nobody ever thought that Aberayron could turn out such a crowd-lusty and loyal, with such a number of mounted men. Where all the horses had been got was hard to guess. But the men and horses seemed a capital brigade, and looked fit for any service. Leaving Princes'-street, they made their way for the Vicarage and Pantrey, down through Welling- ton-street and up Belle Vue-terrace, over the bridge and down for the Pier-head. When the band rounded Quay-parade the tail of the procession left Bridgend-house. Arriving at the Feathers' Hotel, the whole crowd was photographed by Mr Squibbs, and the National Anthem sung in Welsh. Three hearty cheers were then called for Colonel Baden- Powell—a cheer that could be heard all along the Vale of Aeron was given the gallant colonel. Å. cheer was asked for Edwin Davies, Aberayron's re- presentative among the heroic garrison. Well, if ever a cheer was given it was given then again and again it was raised-men, women and children shouted themselves hoarse. From the balcony of the Feathers' Hotel the Rev J. M. Griffiths, our esteemed and popular vicar, delivered a spirited address; Mr Munro Hughes and Mr Pennant James also spoke. Cheers were again raised for the General who re- lieved Mafeking cheers for Bobs," White, Buller, Kitchener, and French, with his magnificent cavalry-when all of a sudden, and to everybody's amusement, out of the balcony popped Private Wm Davies, who, after begging the speaker's pardon, said they had omitted two things-namely, to cheer the private soldiers who fought the empire's battles, and the gallant 24th—a man who bad gone through the Soudan campaign with thirst, hunger, and privations-spoke from heart and experience. Needless to say, a deafening cheer was raised. The band striking up God save the Queen," the crowd slowly made their way homewards. The mayor, on behalf of the town, sent a congratulatory message by wire to Colonel Baden-Powell.
Machynlleth. The news of the relief of Mafeking reached here by the mail train in the early hours of Saturday. A band, consisting of youngsters, at once gave the alarm, and gave vent to their joy and spread the good news by the beating of buckets and blowing of mouth organs. The streets were soon crowded with persons, even at this early hour-not a few of them half-awake and half-dressed. Flags and bunting were displayed in all the houses and establishments, and business was practically suspended. A com- mittee was held at one o'clock under the presi- dency of the mayor (Mr John Thomas, chemist). There were present: Messrs W. M. Jones (ex-mayor), Harry Lewis, John Pugh, Dr Davies, Dr Matthew, Messrs D. E. Griffith (L. &: P. Bank), C. Ashton, and Mr Willie Evans, Maengwyn stores, as secretary. It was agreed that the following programme should be carried otit:All shops to be closed at 8-30 p.m. People to meet at the town-clock at 8-30, and the mayor to ask for three cheers for the Queen, and the Corris band to play God save the Qneen," the crowd to join in the singing. Three cheers for Baden-Powell, and the band to play Rule Brit- tania." Cheers for Lord Roberts and staff, and all our gallant soldiers fighting in South Africa, and Sergt Joseph Jones to sing Soldiers of the Queen," with the crowd to join in the chorus. That a pro- cession be formed, headed by 24 torches and effigies of Kruger and Steyn. Soon after eight o'clock a large number of persons gathered around the town- clock and began to sing the National Anthem. A procession was formed by Messrs Harry Lewis, D. E. R. Griffith, D. Phillip Jones and A. Roberts, and paraded the streets in the following order:—24 torches, the effigies of Kruger and Steyn, which were very attractive a banner with the portrait of Baden-Powell, with the motto, "Bravest of the Brave," made and presented by Mr John Davies, painter; the Mayor and Council, Corris brass band, and the general public. After parading the principal streets, the procession assembled on Pcnrallt to witness a huge bonfire, which was made by Messrs Morris Jones, Tom Jones and D. Flemming. The band played The hero of Trafalgar," and Mr John Lumley conducted the singing. The company dis- persed, after a very pleasant time, between eleven and twelve o'clock.
Aberdovey. The morning mail-train on Saturday last, came whistling along in a crowing" style which signified that something unusual had taken place. The inhabitants within hearing were quickly roused from their slumber to learn that the great wish of the nation had at last been accomplished. No sooner had the welcome news been verbally received at the station than it spread in a marvelously short time right through the place. Guns were immediately fired, the bells of the Board and National Schools were rung and also those of St. Peter's Church, the hooter of the steamer Telephone" sent forth its powerful blast and loud hurrahs were heard from all directions. The shipping in the harbour quickly responded to the enthusiasm ashore by hoisting their flags which looked very pretty indeed. The Institute flags were also promptly hoisted and householders generally, high and low, were not long in gaily decorating their respective premises with banners and bunting. Streamers of banners crossed the road at Bodfor- terrace, and from the steamship warehouse. As on the occasion of the relief of Ladysmith, Lewis Owen the popular driver of the station has had his vehicle decorated with Union Jacks and a large portrait of Baden-Powell in the centre. Captain Edwards who was in charge of the Institute Battery, with the assistance of Coxwain D. Jones and several young men kept firing three of the large cannon at intervals, throughout the day. At noon the town- crier announced that all of the shops would be closed at 8. p.m. and that a procession would start parading the streets at 8.30. At dusk, nearly every house on the front extending from Bodfor-terrace to Penhelig was illuminated, barrels of pitch all ablaze were placed on a raft and anchored in mid-river, and fireworks of every description were exhibited from various positions. The railings and entrance to Craig-y^on were prettily decorated with ornaments, Chinese lanterns, and fairy lights. The conspicu- ous shelter on Penybryn was also beautifully lighted with lanterns, which, owing to its elevated position, presented a pleasing spectacle. Other 8 cl decorations too numerous to be singled out were a source of great attraction. Precisely at the time appointed for procession to start, a large triumphant vehicle, around which was a canvas bear- ing the word Mafekmg in big letters, was drawn into the road by hundreds of young people. On the vehicle rode five persons dressed in costumes representing Britannia, Africa, Australia, Canada, and India; the army and navy being represented by two well-known characters on foot. The pro- cession first made its way as far as Aberdovey Hall tben.ce wending its way to Penhelig, via., Chapel Square, and afterwards back to Glandovey-terrace, and Copper Hill-street, and finishing off at Sea View-terrace. An amusing feature in the proces- sion was R. Williams, Madeira House, who repre- sented Britannia, and who had in his possession words suitable for the occasion, specially composed by a local bard, sang When Baden-Powell came marching home again, Hurrah! "the whole crowd joining in the chorus, and then three hearty cheers were lustily given for the hero of the day and other distinguished officers. The rejoicings which were kept up until a late hour terminated with three shots from the battery. The behaviour of every- body was above reproach, and both young and old appeared to enjoy themselves to their hearts content. Praise is due to the following persons for the active part taken by them in making the affair a success:—Capt. Edwards, Messrs R. Williams, T. M. Rhys, R. Griffith, D. Jones, W. D. Griffith, J. E. Morris, Richard Williams, G. Williams, J. W. Morgan, J. D. Williams, J. Lumley, F. Williams, G. Jones, D. Roberts, R. Davies, R. Edwards, George Davies, D. LI. Hughes, David Jones, J. D. Hughes, J. M. Jones, and others.
Towyn. The good news of the relief of Mafeking reached Towyn soon after daybreak on Saturday morning last. The inhabitants were awakened by the whistling of the morning trains, and they at once ran to the station to hear the news. Though it was rumoured several times on Thursday and Friday that Mafeking had been relieved, the in- habitants wisely restrained anv public outburst until the news was received on Saturday morning. About eleven o'clock a committee was formed of the chief tradesmen of the town, and it was agreed that all the shops be closed during the afternoon, and that a procession be formed at 6 o'clock. Medallions and flags were meanwhile bought up in large quantities, and by two o'clock almost every building in the town was gay with bunting. At six o'clock a procession, marshalled by Sergt. Edwards, Messrs Howard Daniel, Ernest Richards, R. 1. P. Daniel, and headed by the town band, paraded the principal streets, the band playing Victoria Royal," God save the Queen," and See the Conquering Hero comes." Later in the even- ing the procession made its way to the recreation ground, where a huge bonfire was ignited.
Barmouth. Although it was after 10-30 p.m. on Friday night when the news of the relief of Mafeking was received here by wire it spread like wildfire, and that in a very short time. The townspeople con- gregated together in the streets, the youths and children paraded about making as much noise as possible with old tin kettles and pots. Signal rockets were also sent off from the lifeboat house. Only one little skirmish took place, which was soon put a stop to. Early on Saturday morning before the report of the previous night was corroborated the town was profusely decorated with flags and banners, almost every house and shop had some kind of a flag hung up. The boats and yachts in the harbour also displayed their code of signals. It was amusing to see the vehicles and horses gaily decorated, especially the charabancs on their departure for their various drives. A little after ten o'clock on Saturday morning a wire was re- ceived corroborating the previous nights' report. This again gave a further stimulus to all ages and sexes to manifest their joy anew, and this they did with a vigour and enthusiasm that knew no bounds. Saturday was observed, willy nilly, as a general holiday. The excitement was intense. Bonfires were lit on the hills in the evening. It may be mentioned that the lifeboat crew, in their uniforms, were taken round the town in a char-a-banc kindly lent for the occasion by Councillor D. E. Davies. Later in the evening another display was seen, when several ladies on their bicycles, which were profusely decorated and illuminated, formed into a procession and paraded the streets. The sight was much admired, and highly commended. To show their delight of the good news, horses and donkeys were hired and their riders attired in various military costumes, rode up and down the town crusing much merri- ment. The old custom of illuminating the windows was also revived on this occasion. In the evening a dinner was given in honour of the event at the Corsygedol Hotel, provided by Mr B. J. Allsopp. Among those present were Mr Buckley (in the chair), Messrs J. R. Jones, N. & S. W. Bank; Thomas Bull, D. Oswald Davies, solicitor'; Hugh Lewis, Newtown; D. E. Davies, St. Annes; Griffiths, Gables; Dr H. J. Lloyd, J.P., Capt Flower Rev T. Davies, (curate), Mr J. Jones, Bryn Teg, and others. After partaking of the good things pro- vided the Chairman proposed the toasts of The Queen and the Royal Family," "Baden Powell,"and The Army and Navy, and Reserve Forces," Capt Flower and Mr Lewis, Newtown, responding to the latter. The toast of The Relieving Party" was proposed by Mr Oswald Davies. Dr H. J. Lloyd proposed the toast of "The Town and Trade," and was responded to by Mr D. E. Davies. A collection was made..it the dinner, and the amount will be forwarded to the Mafeking Relief Fund.
Pontrhydfendigaid. The welcome news of the relief of Baden-Powell and his gallant force created much stir in the village. As soon as the Rev. J. Bowen com- municated the contents of a telegram received from his brother-in-law, Mr. David Morgan, N. & S. Bank, Liverpool, the bell of the new church was set ringing, flags and streamers soon waved in the breeze, and all cheered to the echo. Bont people have taken much interest in this war and declare that Cwmoiro district above Strata Florida Abbey is a miniature North Natal. The more enthusiastic will point out to the stranger Craig Penlan for "Spion Kop." Wagon Hill they too have, and lovely Teify meandering beneath the over-hanging precipices serves as the veritable Tugela on a small scale. The hero of Mafeking was, says Mr. Roberts, Tiryfechan, a visitor at his abode while on a fishing tour up the lakes, and Roberts, Frongocfi, again feels quite familiar with his figure as appear in sketches drawn. The schools were unfortunately closed, as it was Saturday, but some of the nearer children flocked to the village, and formed into a procession, singing martial airs, and receiving sweets and money from the hands of joyful donors. Preparations were made. to celebrate the event at evening. A cask of pitch was got, and Mr. Charles Evans hired to take it up to Penybannau Hill, overlooking Bont village, but while on the way up Mr. Richard Hughes, occupier of the hill, refused permission to let the cask being lit there. Disappointment was intense as Evans and his followers wended their way back to the village and dropped the load on Bryncrach. Soon it was set on fire, and its light shone on the encircling crowd amidst songs and cheers. A procession headed by Messrs. D. Jenkins, J. Jones, Shop; J. Jenkins, E. Hughes, C. Barker, J. Rees (C.M.), and others, was formed, and with banners flying, torches flaming, and patriotic songs rending the air, the villagers paraded through. Mothers with babes in their arms joined in and exhibited ex- cellent lung-power as they cheered Baden-Powell and other heroes. At about 11 p.m. the procession halted in front of the Long Room. Re- peated cheers were given for the Queen and her gallant soldiers. Mr. J. Rees announced that the holiday promised the children by the School Board would be given on Monday, and with the singing of the national anthem as a finale all quietly dis- persed to their homes. Joy was universal, and Mr. Evan Evans, Bryn, Ystrad Meurig, displayed unique bunting, for not only did he plant a Union Jack on the stone heap at the roadside, but he also had one fixed at the end of a cart as it perambula- ted about the field gathering stones. Long life te the hero of Mafeking. z;1
Dinas Mawddwy. On Saturday the relief of Mafeking was celebrated here in grand style by the discharge of some hundreds of mines, which went off in a way that would have done credit to a battery of guns. Messrs. Bullock, of the Minllyn Quarry, with their usual generosity, defrayed all expenses. In the evening Mr David Lewis, of Maescamlan, set fire to a huge pile of combustible material, which he bad accumulated in readiness. The conflagration was much increased by large quantities of petroleum, provided by subscription amongst those taking a leading part in the celebration. The bonfire was a hugh success, being visible for many miles, and further still the dense columns of smoke, illuminated by the flames, were to be seen ascending like pillars of fire from the Mawddwy Hills. Messrs Bullock had very kindly marked out the mountain path (leading to the site of the bonfire) with coloured lights, which added very much to the picturesqueness of the scene, besides being of great assistance to those wending their way through the quarries. A large numberof ladies and gentlemen were present, and before separating hearty cheers were given for Baden-Powell, Messrs Bullock, and the Queen. Owing to the strong wind countless myriads of sparks were blown hither and thither, and the elfect surpassed the grand display of fireworks seen on the occasion of the Diamond Jubilee. Cannons were aso discharged in honour of the event by Mr Rowland Hughes, of Dinas. It is proposed to have one more display, to celebrate the fall of Pretoria, by which time it is hoped summer visitors will have arrived, so that they may witness the rare sight of a display of fireworks amidst mountain scenery.
Ysbytty Ystwyth. The news of the relief of Mafeking was received at this place with a great burst of enthusiasm on Saturday morning. The Mayor, who was early apprised of the fact, immediately donned his mayoral robes, and mounting his charger marched in state from Pontrhydygroes right up to Ysbytty, circulating the glad tidings as he went. In the evening there was a public demonstration, in which most of the inhabitants participated.
Llanon. The news of the relief of Mafeking was received here on Saturday morning with every sign of joy, the whole population was jubilant, flags of every description mostly union-jacks were lavishly dis- played everywhere, in the windows and across the streets. A very large Union Jack waved over the Church tower and the bell of the church and that of the Board School were rung off and on nearly all through the day. In the course of the morning a visit was paid here by the children of Llanrhystyd who came in a large cart profusely decorated with the national colours. The children were driven through this village singing the old refrain For he is a jolly good fellow," the tune being started by the jovial driver who seemed to be en- joying himself to the top of his bent. When the cart passed Penllwyn, Mr Squibbs made his appearance and promptly took a photograph of the turn-out. In the afternoon the children of Llanon bad their turn. They congregated in the Board School at two p.m. and forming in a procession, marched through the place. The procession was led by one of the teachers attired in a soldiers scarlet uniform, mounted on a pony and carrying a drawn sword, then came the other school-teachers carrying a banner displaying a picture of Col. Baden-Powell the hero of Mafeking." After these came the children themselves, in a large crowd, some dressed up in scarlet, others with the large hats as Colonials, but one and all inflamed with martial spirit, marching in beautiful order, carry- ing flags, and vigorously singing the National Anthem. The procession wound up with a donkey-cart decorated with greenery and blossoms, which, we were informed, represented an ambul- ancevan of the Red Cross Society. Having marched through the village, the children returned to the Board School where they were liberally regaled with sweets, biscuits, &c., the funds having been generously provided by the public. In the evening the place was illuminated by bonfires on sorue.of the hills, and, by the efforts of the youthful population, with rags dipped in oil and such things as could be provided on the spur of the moment—ne provision having been made beforehand —the streets were dazzled with fire-thus ended a day of such general rejoicing as seldom falls to the share of even such a loyal village as this z, of Llanon.
Tregaron. The report of the relief of Mafeking reached Tregaron early on Saturday morning, and found ready credence when its source was known. Flags were at once displayed by the leading houses and shops. An impromptu committee, consisting of Mr H. R. Roberts (Excise), Mr D. D. Rees, and Mr Waterhouse (Bryn Teifi) canvassed the town thoroughly during the earlier hours of the day for subscriptions to celebrate an event so happy for the heroic little garrison of the frontier town. They were everywhere successful, the response in most cases being prompt and liberal. At four in the afternoon the school children, with flags, were marshalled in the square by Mr Philip Rees (National School), Mr D. Thomas (Board School), and Miss Jones and Mr Waterhouse (County School). The procession paraded the town and then marched up to Pen Pica bach, where sports were at once got up. A number of races took place, and some good jumping was seen. The three-legged race and the frog race were especially good, and from the nature of the ground gave rise to much merriment. Each of the children received a tlb packet of the best sweets, and all spent an enjoyable evening. Shortly before ten a bonfire was lit, consisting of two large loads of wood (the gift of Mr C. Le Brun Powell, Sunny Hill), a cask of paraffin, i-cwt of pitch, and three sacks of peat. The fire was skilfully built and blazed splendidly, many old inhabitants of the town declaring it the best in their recollection. Guns were fired and a great quantity of shouting indulged in, the results of which were evident on Sunday. The rejoicings passed off without any mishap and to the hearty satisfaction of all concerned.
Cardigan. The eagerly awaited news became known on Saturday, first of all through the medium of the morning paper, which reached Cardigan about 7-30 a.m., but it was received with some suspicion until the Central News wires arrived at the various Clubs shortly after 9 a.m., when the inhabitants bestirred themselves to celebrate the historic day. In a very short time the town was gay with flags, and the bells were ringing merrily. Several pieces of ancient ordnance (after the" Wolf" pattern), were charged and fired at intervals, and the public rejoicing became general. Being market day, there was a great number of people from the country in town, and the youths of the place created consider- able diversion by rigging up a guy representing ,!> cl Kruger. For a time it figured in front of the Guild Hall buildings, until police interference became necessary, when it was paraded through the town, the Drum and Fife Band heading the procession. The streets of the town were thronged in the evening, and a display of fireworks was attempted from the roof of the Ship Wine Vaults. Finally the procession filed over the Netpool, and there to a full-throated accompaniment of popular melody, the guy of South Africa's evil genius was tied to a stake and burned. A number of bonfires were conspicious on the surrounding heights. All round, the day's rejoicings were a fair type of those which appear to have been general throughout the length and breadth of the land upon the relief of the gallant defenders of Mafeking.
Lampeter. The happy news of the Relief of Mafeking reached here early on Saturday morning and im- mediately a movement was started to celebrate the event in a loyal and joyful manner. Residents placed flags and banners from their windows and in a very short space of time the town looked quite gay and jubilant. A band of young ladies can- vassed the town for subscriptions to provide a free tea and sports and upwards of £10 was quickly raised. It was announced that all shops would be closed at two p.m. and invitations were given to the public to assemble at the College School Cricket- fieldi. At the appointed hour four o'clock tea and sports were in full swing after which the crowd amused themselves by dancing to the strains of the brass band which rendered various patriotic songs. A procession was afterwards formed which marched to Harford-square where some singing and cheering took place and rockets were sent up The Mayor took great interest in the proceedings and in company with a few other public spirited men organised the celebrations. The ladies who collected subscriptions as well as those who made themselves useful at the tea are deserving of much credit.
Borth. The villagers of Borth celebrated the relief of Mafeking with great enthusiasm. The news reached here about half-past six on Saturday morning, and was at once made known. The streets were profusely decorated with flags and patriotic emblems. A procession marshalled by Captain Hughes paraded the streets and collected subscriptions towards the making of a bonfire, and a tea-party. In the afternoon a tea party provided for about 150 children was held in the schoolroom. The following ladies presided over the tables—Mrs. Fielden, Mrs. Taunton, Miss Rathurst, the Misses Parry and Ellis, and Miss Edith Jones. Tea being over a procession was again formed and paraded the village. In the evening a huge bonfire was made by Mr. Jenkin Jones on the foreshore which lasted ablaze for several hours. Amongst those who took active part in the working of the demonstration were Colonel Fielden, Mr. Frank Fielden, Captain J. Hughes, Lome, Mr. John Ellis, Mr. J. Jones, Mr. Bob Roberts and Mr. T. iVVatkins, post office. Patriotic songs were sung bv the company on the foreshore. A balance of 15fe. remains and will be forwarded to Lady Georgina Curzons funds.
Harlech. The news reached here late on Friday evening. On Saturday the Union Jack waved proudly on Castle, and flags were hung out of the windows of most of the houses. The town was gay with bunting. At night bonfires were lit on the Castle and hill sides, and the windows were generally illuminated. Guns and gunpowder charges were let off at intervals. A procession paraded the street with flags headed by a cart decorated with flags which was drawn in front. Great were the rejoicings amongst all the inhabitants who had turned out en masse. The din of the martial airs was enough to awaken the shades of many an ancient warrior who sleeps his last long sleep in the shadow of the old castle.
Llangeitho. At Llangeitho everything remained at a stand- still for a considerable time after the receipt of the news, and the inhabitants gave themselves up to the unrestrained celebration of the event which had been so long deferred. The rejoicings were continued in the evening, fireworks being dis- charged, and a bonfire was ignited.
Llanilar. Last Saturday was a day of great rejoicing here and a day to be remembered for a long time to come. The news of the relief, the only thing we could think "of, sent a thrill of joy through the whole place, and early in the day the bells begin to toll and flags to wave. The village children also made a fine march round the whole place, singing and carrying a big flag. At night again the whole village was most prettily lighted up and shouts of Baden-Powell for ever filled the air till a late hour. Ma' fe king," of heroes, y Baden-Powell 'na, was the verdict of our village dames.
CILIAU AERON. UNITARIAN ISM.—The new chapel for the use of the congregation of Unitarians worshipping here was opened on the 9th and 10t,h May, the ministers taking part in the services being the Revs John Davies Alltyplaca; E. Ceredig Jones, M.A., Brad- ford, who preached the opening sermon from Psalms xxvii. 4, and xcv. 6; Rees Cribin Jones, Lampeter; Wm. James, B.A., Llandyssul; T Arthur Thomas, Llandyssul; J. Hathren Davies, Cefncoedycymmer T. J. Jenkins, Carolan Davies, and Lewis Williams (pastor loci). The architect was Mr Arnold Slaward Tayler, A.R.I.B.A., of the Sanctuary, Westminster; the builder being Mr D. Lewis, Talgarreg. The gable of the 11 chancel roof is rightly finished with a stone cross, as also that of the main roof. The con- gregation at Ciliau is one of the very oldest C, in the county of Cardigan, probably from about 1650, when AN alter Cradock and other pioneers of Welsh Nonconformity visited the neighbourhood. The list of ministers printed and framed in massive oak, now hanging in the new chapel, was comjjiled and given to the congregation by the Rev. George Eyre Evans, author of "Vestiges of Protestant Dissent," in which it first appeared on p. 314. So far as their names have been recorded they are:- Philip Pugh and associates, 1709-1760 Daniel Gronow, 1760-1769; David Davis (Castellhywel), and co-pastors, 1769—182[.?] Thomas J. Griffiths, 1822-1840; Daniel Evans, 1841 Thomas Emlyn Thomas, 184—1846; Peter Joseph, 1847 -1853; Thomas J. Griffiths, 1847-1853; John Jeremy and supplies, 1853-1859; William Rees, 1859-1893; Le\is Williams. 1894—. Of these men David Davis is, of course, by far the most re- nowned and it is interesting in this connection to remember that in the hale personality of the octogenarian minister, Professor D. L. Evans of Llanybyther we have still a living link with the translation of Gray's Elegy." Professor Evans as a youth often heard and saw David Davies, and was present at his funeral in Llanwenog Churchyard. As stated on the printed list the chapel already referred to. Professor Evans has also distinet remembrance of the tall, gaunt figure of lolo Morganwg, who occasionally worshipped at Ciliau, though when in these parts more frequently at Alltyplacca Chapel. As lolo himself talked with Dr. Johnson in London, we have here in Professor Evans a man who has talked to one who held converse with the great doctor. Mr. Jeremy was a grandfather of Principal W. J. Evans, M.A J.P.. of the Presbyterian College, Carmarthen. Daniel Gronow afterwards ministered in 1783-4, at Brad well, in Derbyshire. It has been suggested that his name'was Goronwy further particulars of him would be welcome.
DOLGELLEY. WELCOME HOME.—On Wednesday evening the y I church bells pealed merrily in honour of the home- coming of the Rev J. Lloyd, the popular rector of the parish and his young bride from their wedding tour. A TOKEN.—At the English Congregational Church on Sunday Mr Henry Miles, on behalf of the members, handed the proceeds of the recent conversazione amounting to Z13, to Miss Nesta Wyn Edwards as a token of the appreciation of her services as organist to the church. PETTY SESSIONS.—On Tuesdav, before Messrs Ed. Griffith, J. E. Jones and Capt. Bailey, Ellis Williams charged Thomas Roberts with neglecting to send his child regularly to school. The case was adjourned for a fortnight.—Jacob Bradwell was charged bv Rowland Davies for non-payment of rates. The case was withdrawn. GANLLWYD EISTEDDFOD.—The chair and cup of the Ganllwyd Eisteddfod are exhibited in the window of the Royal Welsh Woollen Warehouse. The chair which is a very handsome one is the work of Mr Owen Tudor, the well-known carver. The cup is presented by Messrs J. Meyrick Jones, Ltd., for the challenge solo, and is a very beauti- ful cup. THE LATE DR. EDWARD Jo-NEs.-Tlie family of the late Dr. Edward Jones has received the follow- ing from Dr. Isambard Owen :—" University of Wales, May 14th, 1900. Dear Sir,—In connection with the recent resolution of the University Court, I am desired by the Prince of Wales, the chan- cellor of the University, to convey to the family of the late Dr. Edward Jones, the expression of his Royal Highness's personal sympathy with them in the loss they have sustained, of which he greatly regretted to bear." THE LATE DR. ED. JONES.—A public meeting was held at Dolgelley on Wednesday to decide on the form of the memorial to the late Dr. Ed. Jones. Mr E. Griffith (Springfield), presided over a good attendance. The hon. secretary (Mr R. Jones Griffith) reported that the subscriptions already amounted to L120. After a long discussion it was unanimously decided that the money be applied for providing a scholarship or scholarships to be called The Dr. Ed. Jones Scholarship to be competed for by pupils from any public school in the Dol- gelley Intermediate School District, and tenable either at the Dolgelley County School or at Dr. Williams' Endowed Schsol for Girls. The respec- tive governing bodies were entrusted with the arrangements. The meeting decided that the subscription list should close on the 2nd July. ANNUAL BANQUET.—The annual banquet in con- nection with the Cricket Club was held on Tuesday evening week at the Lion Hotel, and was presided over by the captain of the club, Mr. C. E. J. Owen, Hengwrtucha, the vice-chair being filled by Mr. Robert Jones Griffith. There were also present Messrs A. Whitaker, lr. C. E. Munro Edwards, Dr. Richards, Mr. J. R. S. Furlong, Mr. G. W. Kinman, lr. T. P. Jones Parry, Mr. John Proctor, Mr. Richard Williams (Tanygader), Mr. Arthur Clendon, Mr. J. L. Humberstone, Mr. Oswald Davies, Mr. D. Williams, Mr. T. H. Roberts, Mr. Edward Williams, Mr. David Owen (Cross Keys), Mr. E. Corbet Owen, Mr. Edward Griffith (Maesbryner), Mr. G. Ellis Williams, Mr. O. 0. Roberts, the Rev. C. Clarke (who is a nephew of Mrs. Clarke, Bodlondeb, and has recently returned from Burmah), Mr. W. W. Pugh, Mr. R. J. B. Morgan, Mr. H. W. Bromley, Mr. H. R. Jones, Mr. W. R. Evans, Dr. Pritchard, Mr.J S. Fitchard, Mr. M. W. Griffith, Mus. Bac., and others. The following is a list of the toasts which were proposed during the evening:—"The Queen, the Prince and Princess of Wales, and the rest of the Royal Family," by the President, after which "God bless the Prince of Wales" was enthusiastically sung. The President then gave "The Army, Navv, and Reserve Forces." and spoke in great praise of the soldiers at the front. He coupled with the toast the name of Mr. John Proctor, who had a nephew at the front, and who then addressed the gathering. Mr Arthur Clendon, M.A., then gave the toast of the evening, viz., the Dolgelley Cricket Club, and coupled with it the names of the captain, Mr C. E. J. Owen, and the hon. secretary, Mr J. R. S. Furlong, both of whom responded. After this toast Mr E. C. Owen was presented with the ball for the best bowling average, the bat being won by Mr Furlong. The next toast was the club of the town, which was proposed by Mr G. W. Kinman, the name of Mr Lloyd, the Bank, being coupled with it, the latter gedtleman responding. Mr David Owen pro- posed the visitors, with which he coupled the names of Mr Whitaker and the Rev. C. Clarke, both of whom expressed their pleasure of being present, and of being enabled to renew old acquaintances. Mr O. 0. Roberts proposed the last toast of the evening, viz., the President and Vice-president, who responded. Numerous songs were rendered during the evening by Mr J. S. Fitchard, E. A. Williams, and LIew. Meirion, and the enjoyable meeting was brought to a close by pennillion singing. COUNTY COURT. Saturday, May 19, before his Honour Judge Wm. Evans. HIRE OF A HORSE. Neville West, Aber Eden, Ganllwyd, Dolgelley, sued John H. Davies, 2, Glasfor-terrace, Barmouth. for the sum of £6 16s 6d, being money due to the plaintiff for the hire and use of a horse. There was a counter-claim of £9 14s by the defendant for the use of two cobs, hire of carriage, and set of double- harness, and expense incurred in bringing the horse from Bryncemlyn to Barmouth and returning it to the same place. Mr Dan Williams appeared for the plaintiff, and Mr Guthrie Jones for the defendant. From the evidence given, it appears that West entrusted Davies with a horse to sell. Defendant failed to effect a sale, and as the plain- tiff beard he was using the horse freely, being a 1!1 z;1 cab proprietor at Barmouth. he ordered him to return the animal, which was done. An agreement was made that defendant was to pay a guinea a week for the use of the horse whether he sold it or not. The plaintiff had the use of two horses from the defendant with the view of purchasing them. He also admitted having the use of the carriage and set of double harness, but considered that the amount charged in respect thereof was unreason- able. His honour having heard the arguments of both sides, gave judgment for each party for L6 16s 6d without costs. JUDGMENT BY CONSENT. The case of Minshall and Another v. Adams, which was a remitted action, was also heard. The plaintiffs were John Minshall and Thos. Powell (trading as John Minshall & Co.), Oswestry. iron- mongers, and the defendant John Adams, builder, Barmouth. The action xas brought to recover £61 4s 6d balance due for goods sold and delivered by plaintiffs to defendant. The defendant counter- claimed E114 19s 5d in cross account.—Judgment was entered by consent for £45 with costs, as if the amount recovered were over £50. each side to pay their own costs counterclaim to be withdrawn without costs, plaintiff to give defendant inspection of papers showing payments to Hugh Jones and his representatives. BOARD OF GUARDIANS. The monthly meeting of the Dolgellev Board of Guardians was held on Saturday last at the County Hall, Dolgelley, Mr Charles Williams, Hengwm, presiding. There were also present, Messrs John Evans. Hugh E\ans, M. J. Morris, and Rev E. Hughes, Barmouth; William Williams, R. Mills, and John Evans, Dolgelley J. P Jones, Talyllyn; Howell Pughe and Robert Hughes, Llanfachreth E. H. Davies and Owen Jones, Mallwyd: John Roberts and John Edwards, Brithdir and Islawrdref; Richard Jones, Llanelltyd; M. G. Williams, and Hugh _1Erans, Llanenddwyn Ellis Williams, Llanaber; with W. R. Davies (clerk), W. R. Richardson (assistant clerk), and Mr Bircham (Local Government Board (Inspector). STATISTICS. Amount of out-relief administered during the past month.—Barmouth district, per Mr Thomas Parry, £1861Zs 2d Talyllyn, per Mr Wm Davies, £ 127 number of inmates in the House, 47; correspond- ing period last year, 43 vagrants relieved during the past fortnight, 20; corresponding period last year, 46. RELIEF OF MAFEKING. Before proceeding with the business, the Chair- man said they had all heard of the good news that had arrived that morning—the relief of Mafeking. With their permission be would wire to Lord Salisbury congratulating him upon the achieve- ment and expressing a hope that the war would come to a speedy termination. 7 he Rev E. Hughes seconded, and all the members willingly assented to it. Mr Bircham, the Local Government Board Inspector, made a uggestioll that a treat should be given to all the poor old people at the Workhouse. The Chairman accepted the suggestion, and in- vited the members to subscribe towards making the inmates happy on such a day. All the members subscribed a piece of silver, and ill all a good sum was contributed, and given to the Master of the House (Mr Hugh Roberts) to dis- tribute according to his discretion. THE BARMOUTH ASSISTANT OVERSEER. I ine Assistant Clerk stated that Mr John Roberts, n assistant overseer for the Barmouth district, had called at his place early that morning, and left with him his guarantee bond for the faithful discharge of his duties. The policy was taken from one of the societies approved by the Local Government Board. The Chairman How much is it for? The Clerk £ 300. the sum the Board asked for. The Local Government Board transmitted a copy of a communication they had received from the Overseers, which stated the case on behalf of Mr John Roberts. The Chairman: At the last meeting the Local Government Board called upon him to resign. Have you heard anything further ? The Clerk No. The Chairman Under the circumstances what is the best thing to do? He has executed the bond, but will the Local Government Board be satisfied t The Inspector: They have asked for his resigna- tion. The Chairman: The Darmouth Urban Council have since re-appointed him. The Clerk said the Local Government Board asked for their observations. They could now write back and say the bond for F,300 had been submitted. It was decided to write to the effect stated by the Clerk. FINANCE. The Rev. E. Hughes brought up the report of the Finance Committee which stated that the arrears due that day amounted to £ 417 5s Id. The Board was, however, in an entirely satisfactory state. The Barmouth collector apologised for not sending his cheque in time, and promised to be more punctual in the future. ¿ It was decided to write to him calling his at- tention to the amount due.. Replies were also received from the collectors, and the explanations were accepted as satisfactory APPOINTMENT OF OVERSEERS. A letter having been read stating that no over- seers had yet been appointed for the parish of Llan- fachreth. the Board decided to re-elect the persons who acted in that capacity last year, viz., Messrs Morris Roberts and Griffith Price. INTOXICATING DRINKS TO CHILDREN. The Clerk read a communication received from the Dolgelley School Board enclosing a resolution passed by that Body in support of the Bill now before Parliament to prohibit the sale of intoxi- cating drinks to children under 16 years of age, and urging on the Government to give every facility z! lp to carry it through its remaining stages. The School Board requested the Guardians to pass a resolution to the same effect. The Rev J. Hughes proposed, and Mr Hugh Evans seconded, that the Board adopt such a re- solution, and this was agreed to unanimously. MR. BIRCHAM S REPORT. The visitors' book at the Workhouse contained a report by Mr Bircham, the Local Government Board Inspector. He had found the rooms clean and in good order, and he beard no complaints. He was glad to hear that the addition to the female sick ward would shortly be undertaken. He wished the Guardians would alter the prison- like windows at the same time. Mr Bircham (who was present at the meeting) remarked that this-was a very old grievance. It was decided to refer the matter to the Visiting Committee with the request that they should secure an estimate. ADDITIONS AT THE WORKHOUSE. The following tenders had been received for the erection of the additional wing to the female sick ward at the Workhouse: -John Williams. Frondeg, Dolgelley. plasterer, £ 324; Hugh Williams, Dol- gelley, builder, L354 Richard Edwards tendered to do the joinery work only at £95, and James R. James the masonry work only at £ 126. The tender of Mr. John Williams was accepted. It was also decided to invite tenders for altering the windows, and instructions were given to have the Workhouse whitewashed. ADDRESS BY MR. BIRCHAM. Mr. Birchrm addressed the guardians, and said it was a year ago since he met them last. During that time he had been around on more than one occasion, and as far as the little building was capable of fulfilling the requirements of the Union, it was always very clean, and he had never heard any complaints from any of the inmates. He thought they were well looked after and well cared for in a necessarily primitive way. He did not think any Workhouse in any district gave more evidences of the attention given to the individual wants of the inmates by the officers concerned, and he thought it was creditable to them. He was glad to find that they were going to carry out the alterations to the women's sick ward, as be thought it was essential to give them as much accommodation as possible, instead of having them crowded in one bedroom. With regard to the position of the Union in respect of pauperism, Dolgelley was still lower down than it ought to be in this list. It showed a pauperism of 3 6 per cent on a population, according to the 1891 census, of 14.492. The rate for Wales and Monmouthshire was 3 per cent, and the expenditure per head of the population for indoor and outdoor relief was 4s. 8d., and in this Union 5s. 3d. per head. The rate in the £ for poor relief was Is. 10d., but this was devoted to purposes other than that of the relief of the poor. The average for the whole of the Kingdom was a Is. rate and some Unions in his district—which included the whole of Wales and Monmouthshire—had only a lOd. rate, although those were the places that spent most. This was because they had a good purse to draw on. and were a wealthy union, and so he did not lay much stress on that. In agricultural unions also the rateable value was so low that any little expenditure made a great difference in the rate per L. They, however, had to pay it, and they should be careful that their money, so far as they had the spending of it, was well spent. Last year the amount collected in this Union was £ 9,603. which, with amounts reserved from other sources brought the total up to £ 11,500. Out of this only £ 5,000 was spent in the relief of the poor, being less than half of the amount re- ceived. The remaining £6,500 was spentin county rates, maintenance of roads, school boards, school attendance committees, registration of vaccination, and all the other numerous small things they had to levy for under the poor rate, although not ad- ministered by them as guardians. There was no doubt that the chief expenditure in this Union in Wales was under the heading of out-relief and if there was to be any reduction it was there they must look for it. He always told them that he was in favour of out-door relief in the country districts of Wales. where everyone had an individuality of his own. In six months last year they relieved in this little Union no less than 29 families of able- bodied men on account of sickness, that meaning literally translated, that those men had not made any provision for themselves by belonging to clubs, or sufficiently good clubs to keep themselves off the rates when sickness overtook them. He was not at all sure that in some of these cases they mignt make a good example by ordering in-door relief. Even if it necessitated the whole (family coming in it would be very valuable to them that people outside should know that they meant to draw theline between those persons who should make some provision for themselves and those who could not Improper subjects for out-door relief were those cases in which destitution came either from im- providence or intemperance. He was sure this course would be the greatest incentive to men to join friendly societies. If they were stricter in undeserving cases they would have more to spend on the deserving ones. Sometimes even deserving cases got only a small dole of out-relief, hardly sufficient to live on, but they could not burn the candle at both ends. If they left out such cases the rest of their relief would go, presumably, to old and infirm people and widows. There were 125 women in receipt of relief in this Union, and if they were old and infirm he had nothing to say. Of these 125, 60 were widows and 25 children. This was a large family of widows, and in a sea- side place these could obtain good employment. Whether any difference was made in these cases is the summer months he did not know, but he did not wish to be hard on the class. In conclusion, Mr Bircham said there was nothing passed last Session affecting Boards of Guardians, except one Act called the Poor Law Act, and had reference to giving increased powers with regard to taking charge of children whose parents were not able to take charge of them from one cause or another. If parents had been convicted of cruelty to their children or were unfit to have charge of them, the guardians could step in. It was an Act to be made use of in the most cautious manner, but he thought they ought to make use of it whenever any eases were brought to their observation (applause). The Chairman proposed a vote of thanks to Mr Bircham for his useful remarks. The Rev J. Hughes seconded, and remarked, with regard to those persons living at seaside places, that during the summer months they secured employment, and the relieving officers reported all cases. The vote of thanks was carried with acclama- tion.