Business Notices. HEAT: WELSH TWEEDS AND HOMESPUNS BEAT THE WORLD FOR HARD WEAR DIRECT FROM HBB £ THE MILLS. ROYAL EISTEDDFOD \t- ESTABLISHED OVER CENTURY AND HALF. :<H./P >1' P A 7 1 S E D BY H.R.H. PRINCESS OF W A LES ALSO NOBILITY, CLERGY AND GENTRY A -Y THROUGHOUT THE UNITED KINGDOM. Also Her Majesty the 'C- Empress of Austria. Guaranteed Hand-Spun and Hand-Woven from Pure Mountain Wool Only. The ONBR RELIABLE MATERIALS for Cycling, Golfing, Travelling, Fishing, Shooting, Walking, and General Wear. Beautifully Soft, Durable and Warm—suitable for Ladies, and Gents' Wear and aU Seasons and Climates. Also, Real Welsh Flannels, Blankets, Shirtings, Skirtings, Shawls, Carriage and T" Travelling Rugs. ASTOUNDING L T-T E. 1 HIGH CLASS TAILORING. TAILOR-MADE COSTUMES-A Speciality. J~A>v Please n-ieiitioii 1Velsh ALL PARCELS CARRIAGE PAID. « £ ICII PERFECT SATISFACTION GUARANTEED. ^■HBr Patterns, Price Lists, and Measurement Forms Post Free-with any range desired A Postal and P.O. Orders, Cheques:—Made payable to J. MEYRICK JONES, LIMITED. Russia. MUM: FACTORIES; • J. IDRIS MILLS AND LION STREET AND FRONGOCH MILLS. MEYRICK STREET. u!3limSfA J. MEYRICK JONES, Ltd., South Africa. Koyal nelsh Woollen Warehouse, Dolgelley, North Wales. — — Whitsuntide Rooeltks. THE EMPORIUM 16 and 18, Pier Street, AND 2 and 4, New Street, ABERYSTWYTH. MRS D. MORGAN Begs to inform her numerous Cnstumers and others that she has JUST RETURNED FROM THE MARKETS WITH A GOOD SELECTION OF IWHInerp and !??i!Hnerp materials FOR THE SUMMER WHICH IS ON VIEW IN OUR NEW SHOWROOMS. YOUR INSPECTION INVITED. POST ORDERS YiLL RECEIVE PROMPT i ATTENTION. C. POtlttll$CO., Market Street, ABERYSTWYTH, HOME-CURED BACON, SMOKED AND PALE DRIED ENGLISH CURERS OF HOME CURT;T) BACON AND HAMS. STILTON. GI.OSTER, AND AMERICAN CHEESE. FRESH MADE SAUSAGES. THE ABERYSTWYTH Jgj NAMELLED s LATEWORKS, ■J^OPEWALK, A BFRYSTWYTH. MANUFACTURERS OF ENAMELLED SLATE CHIMNEY PIECES. SlaJ of every description always in stock. Prices and estimates on application. LATEST DESIGNS IN iTKiiiorial Cards AT THE WELSH GAZETTE." Charges Moderate. HALF-YEARLY SALE!! JOHN RICHARDS & Co., ABERYSTWYTH AND COUNTY TAILORS. Drapers, Hatters, Hosiers, Athletic Outfitters, and Juvenile Clothiers, ALSO LADIES' COSTUMES A SPECIALITY, ONLY MEN TAILORS EMPLOYED, TDEG to inform their mimerouse customers that they will give EXTRA DISCOUNT OF 3$. IN THE POUND FOR ALL ORDERS TAKEN DURING THE MONTH OF MARCH FOR CASH. ALSO 4$. IN THE POUND OFF MEN'S, YOUTHS', AND BOYS' READY-MADE CLOTHING FROM STOCK, MADE TO OUR ORDER BY BEST MAKERS. GREAT REDUCTION IS MADE IN ALL DEPARTMENTS FOR CLEARANCE. Umbrellas, Macintoshes, Portmanteaus, Travelling Rugs, Carriage Aprons, and Cheap Mats-Good Value. GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY. A C ————————— a.m. p.m. p.m. I p.m. p. m. ABERYSTWYTH Dept. 8 25 12 30 1 15 f 15 6 25 WREXHAM Arr. 1 42 5 28 5 43 6 47 10 26 CHESTER- 1) IB30 5 55 6 8 7 10 10 53 LIVERPOOL (Landing Stage) „ 2B40 7 0 7 20 8 0 12 15 MANCHESTER (Excliatige) 3B 2 8 10 8 10 I 8 37 ——— WOLVERHAMPTON- „ 2 13 ——— ——— 6 0 BIRMINGHAM 2 38 Wednes- 1 6 27 LONDON. (Paddington)- „ 5 20 days only 10 50 •A..—THROUGH CARRIAGE for Wolverhampton, Birmingham, and London by this Train, and Passengers are allowed one hour at Shrewsbury for Lunch. B.—Via Shrewsbury. C.-Via Dolgelley. Passengers wishing to travel by this Train should ask for Tickets via Dolgelley when booking. PASSENGERS ARE REQUESTED TO ASK FOR TICKETS BY THE GREAT WESTERN ROUTE. Every Information respecting Great Western Train Service can be obtained of Mr. J. ROBERTS, 15, Terrace Road, Aberystwyth, or of Mr. G. GRANT, Divisional Superintendent, G.W.R., Chester. PADDINGTON STATION. J. L. WILKINSON, General Manager. Ciadbury's eoeoa ABSOLUTELY PURE, THEREFORE BEST. FREE FROM ALL ADMIXTURES, SUCH AS KOLA, MALT, HOPS, ALKALI, &c. I The Standard of Highest Purity.Tlte Lancet. INSIST on having -n^ a„^s otIlet Cocoas are S„ffietimes Till CELEB HATED '< Y3IRO' RAZORS Made of the finest warranted quality Steel POST FREE, 3s. 6d. EACH. SOLD ONLY BY M. H. DAVIS & SONS, HARDWARE MERCHANTS, ABERYSTWYTH. H. W. GRIFFITH, BOOT AND SHOE WAREHOUSE, 7, COLLEGE GREEN, TOWYN, MER. Agent for the noted K ".and Cinderella Boots. LLANON HOUSE, ABERAYRON. Mary Davies & Son GENERAL IRONMONGERS, GLASS AND CHINA DEALERS. FREE WHEEL HUMBER Xll 11s. AGENTS FOR ALL KINDS OF IMPLEMENTS, BEST MAKERS OF BICYCLES. Grand Stock of Cutlery, Jewellery, Toys, Baskets, Cycle Accessories, and General Fancy Goods. SEND FOR LISTS AND PRICES. COMPLETE HOUSE FURNISHING. EOR THE BEST VALUE IN FURNITURE CALL AT EDWARD ELLIS'S FURNISHING WAREHOUSE. 28. L ITTLF D ARKGATE STREET ^BERYSTWYTH. A UCTIONEER, V ALDER, HOUSE ANB ESTATE AGENT [ NOTICE. To those natives who reside at a distance the Welsh Gazette will be found invaluable for its complete summary of local news- North and South. The attention of Property buyers and Investors generally is directed to the Auction Announcements of Properties for Sale In our this week's issue.
RELIEF OF MAFEKING. THE welcome news of the relief of Colonel BADEN-POWELL and his brave garrison was received throughout this district with un- paralled manifestations of delight. The enthusiasm of the people—of every class age, and creed-was unbounded. The glad tidings spread with extraordinary rapid- ity, and the demonstrations of joy exceeded those which followed the relief of Ladysmith. The feverish eagerness with which the news of the relief of the heroic garrison had been awaited by men of various views found ample testimony in the unfeigned and universal rejoicings of the public. Whatever may be our views of the war and its causes, all alike unite in rejoicing over the relief of Colonel BADEN POWELL and his garrison from their incessant toil and terrible priva- tions. The gallant and successful stand they have made have won them the admira- tion of the world. The siege has been great, not on account of the military issues it involved, nor on account of the strategical importance of Mafeking, but on account of the qualities of endurance, courage, and devotion it has exacted from those who endured it. Had the town fallen at the beginning of the long and weary siege, it would have meant little more than the addition of a few hundreds to our unfortu- nate prisoners at Pretoria, and had it never been held at all the task of the military authorities would, no doubt, have been lighter. But the story of the siege is all the .more stirring because the defence is the achievement not so much of professional soldiers as, to a great extent, of average Britons. The military achievement at Mafeking is great, because the Boers were beaten at their own game and with their own weapons. The struggle brought out all the resource and grit of both sides. But the moral achievement is far greater than the military, for throughout the long siege, with its trials and sufferings, the garrison never complained, never appealed to pity or generosity, but stood bravely and worked unswervingly night and day at its task, prepared to sacrifice itself cheerfully rather than surrender.
NOTES AND COMMENTS. — 1819 May 24—1900. Long Live The Queen. In another column we print a copy of one of the earliest documents in existence relating to Caidiganshire. Juries will find it very interesting reading—Semper eadem. This week we devote considerable space to reports of local rejoicings in celebration of the relief of Mafeking, and are thus com- pelled to hold over several reports for want of space. The schedules of prizes to be offered at the Welsh Industries Exhibition at Llanelly in September are now ready and a copy should be immediately secured for every school in the county. Copies of the schedules may be obtained from Mrs. J. C. Harford, Falcondale, Lampeter, the hon. secretary for Cardiganshire. Aldermen J. M. Howell and Morgan Evans, at a meeting of the County Council on Thursday, bore testimony to the excellent work done by Mr Pickard in the rural districts. Mr Vaughan Davies, M.P., the chafrman, also remarked that the lectures in horticulture had already done an enormous amount of good in the county. At the Cardiganshire County Council last Thursday, Mr H. C. Fryer, the clerk, said he had received a letter from the Local Go- vernment Board calling attention to certain provisions of the Commons Act, conferred on County Councils and Parish Councils last Session, and by means of which any Parish Council, if invested by the County Council with the powers of the Act, might deal with open spaces, disused burial, and other common lands; in fact, regulate things in their own parish. Parish Councillors should make a note of this. At a very large and fully representative meeting of the Liverpool and District Butchers' Association, it was unanimously resolved that this respresentative meeting of Liverpool and district meat traders are of opinion that the vast amount of Sunday trading at present carried on in Liverpool is a standing disgrace to our city, and against the best interests of the trade, and we accordingly hereby pledge ourselves to use every endeavour to secure the co-operation and support of every trader by closing his place of business on Sundays, commencing with Sunday, the 10th June next." The commemorative statute of Mr. Gladstone in the Central Hall of the Houses of Parliament was unveiled on Saturday by Sir Henry Campbell-Banner- man. Lord Rend el and a large and distinguished gathering witnessed the ceremony. The number of subscribers to the memorial fund was over 82,000. After discharging the cost of the statute and of the preparation and distribution of these memorial cards the Committee found itself with a surplus of £ 3,000, and after full consideration of the various suggestions for the disposal of this surplus it was agreed that it should be placed in the hands of trustees for investment, and the income devoted to the establishment of annual prizes in books for special proficiency in history, political science, and economics to be called the Gladstone Memorial Prize," of the value of £ 10 at the Universities of London, Oxford, and Cambridge, and of the value of X5 at the other University Colleges of Great Britain. Mr. Bircham, who attended the Board of Guardians at Aberystwyth on Monday, said he did not think that o'ut-door relief was going down. The figures that he got from month to month showed that it was pretty stationary. They all wished, he said, to re- lieve those who could not help themselves, and those who would not help themselves should be relieved in the House. The guard- ians, he said, could do great help to Friendly Societies by being strict on those people who did not make provision when they had a chance to. Mr. Bircham advocated the use of the workhouse in all cases of young people applying for relief, for a young man, when he arrived at the age of 16 or 17 years, could, if he chose, belong to two clubs with- out any difficulty to himself. He advised every guardian to be a member of a Friendly Society, as he was himself,, and try to get others to join as well. The remarks he made were entirely made of sympathy and with due consideration for their benefit. If he said unpleasant truths now and again, they could not be helped; they were meant for good. The first annual meeting of the National Poultry Organisation Society was held on Monday, under the presidency of Princess Christian, the vice-chairman being Earl Egerton of Tatton. A resolution was passed commending the work of the society to public notice, and various suggestions were made as to the development of the work in the rural districts. Princess Christian spoke of the importance of educational work in the practical production of poultry in different parts of the country. Reference was also made to the question of co-operation between the various county councils and the society, and also to the desirability of securing the sympathy of the great railway companies in order to facilitate the rapid transit of eggs and poultry. It was announced that the society had recently registered a trade mark showing a rose, and it is intended that by means of rubber stamps the trade mark shall be branded on tested and guaranteed eggs sent out from all the collecting depots. Another matter which the society is dealing with consists of a system of registration of situations vacant, and of poultrymen and women open to engagements. The secretary of the society calls attention to the fact that eggs and poultry are now being received in large and ever-increasing quantities from places abroad. With the object of encouraging the home production of the best qualities of poultry and eggs, this society is establishing collecting centres for their rapid and regular transmission to the home markets. Mr Thomas Parry, chairman of the Flint- shire Council, speaking at the opening of the Lleweni Dairy School, said that one of the most serious problems of the day was the massing of the population in towns. It was difficult to get men to follow agriculture as an avocation. Workpeople flocked to the towns because they believed they had better remuneration and more pleasant lives. He believed, however, the advantages of town life were more fanciful than real, and that there was nothing to compensate for the evils ot overcrowding, unhealthy atmosphere, and the artificiality of existence. It was the duty of county councils to counteract this inrush to the large centres of population by showing not only that agricul- ture could be made as profitable as any other business, but that life in the country was a great deal happier than that in towns. Principal Reichel, speaking at the same place, remarked that the inrush to the great centres of population was a calamity. In the country were grown bone and muscle, and, according to his experience, when the country districts became depopulated owing to the decay of agricultural interests, the decadence of the country was within measur- able distance. However, the theory and practice in agriculture were being improved, and with a system of co-operativodistribution, such as had really been a very important feature of the Danish system and was doing wonders under the guidance of his friend, Mr Horace Plunkett in Ireland, the industry could be re-established and the country re- populated. Probably the Chairman would do for Wales, what Mr Plunkett had done for Ireland. _u- The following- are some of the famous sieges of modern times, with the number of days they lasted Khartoum, 341 Sebas- topol, 327; Mafeking, 218; Paris, 167; Rimberley, 123; Ladysmith, 118; Plevna, 94; Lucknow, 86; Cawnpore, 21. Her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales- has graciously notified her intention of visit- ing the inspection and sale of the Welsh In- dustries Association, to be held at the resi- dence of Lord and Lady Aberdare, 83 Eaton Square, S.W, during the afternoon of the opening day, May 31st. All particulars of the sale may be obtained from Miss Mabel Hill, 36 Eaton Place, London, S.W., or of Mr Alexander Warden, 1 Arundel Street,. Strand. Dean Dickinson, of the Chapel Royal,. Dublin, who preached before the Queen on Good Friday, is known for his witty repartees and his enthusiastic advocacy of temperance. On one occasion he was asked to suggest something suitable to put over a refreshment stall at a bazaar. He im- mediately said, 11 Here I The wild asses quench their thir-st (Psalm civ. 11). It is only a coincidence that along with the big rise in coal there is likely to be something of a reversion to peat as fuel, even in high places. At Haverthwaite, near Windermere, a great peat bog is going to be turned to money-making account as soon as the landowner has sold an 8ft. layer. Machinery of great power will be laid down by the bog, and will compress blocks of peat into bright burning fuel, which, it is said, can compete against coal in every respect. The Executive Committee of the Bala Theological College has decided not to consider the question of the appointment of a Principal in succession to the late Rev Dr Thomas Charles Edwards until after th& next session, and arrangements have just been completed to appoint for the 1900-1901 session two lecturers, one in Testa- ment Exigesis, at a salary of X140 each per session. It has been decided that applicants for the lectureships must be members of the Calvinistic Methodist Church. The Lord Chief Justice, in an interesting address on Friday afternoon, commended the aims and objects of the National Home Reading Union. When one remembered, said Lord Russsell, the mass of reading matter, much of it rubbish, poured out in these islands, one must acknowledge that no more useful function could be performed than that of advising the public to select good sound healthy literature of a high class. The success of the union was a. standing protest against the foolish idea that education ended at the termination of school and college days. Education lasted through- out life. By systematic reading one acquired a real and exact knowledge of the subjects read. One did not then belong to the class of smatterers—a most objection- able class of men and women. It was much better to master one subject really well than to have a vague smattering of half a dozen. The union, added Lord Russell, was a great and useful corrective against the tendency marking this age of an excessive addiction to sports. He did not decry physical and outdoor sports. On the con- trary, he valued them in a very high degree, but the life of the young man was not to be altogether the life of horse racing, or of football, or cricket, nor was the life of young ladies to be made up of bicycle riding and hockey. When he represented a con- stituency in the East-end, he frequently went down there in a third-class railway carriage, and it was with regret that he found the whole conversation of the young men during the racing season was about the odds and betting and the races. The same love of sport was shown during the football season. With proper care these young people might very easily be induced to give some of their time to the cultivation of their own minds. There is so much cliquism, petty jealousy, and personal rivalry in the army, that (says Truth) it behoves us outsiders to do our best to see that all praise finds its way to the right quarter. Lord Roberts' splendid achievements during the last fortnight, not to mention those in the march on Bloem- fontein, appear to have bekeii due more than anything else to the admirable marching of our infantry. All witnesses bear their testimony to it, not excepting the enemy. There was a telegram in the papers on Monday in which a Free Stater was credited with a remark to the effect that the extra- ordinary rapidity and endurance of our soldiers on foot had upset all the Boer calculations. In a great measure this must be attributed to the systematic training in route-marching which has been the rule in the army for the last four or five years-to the no small discontent occasionally of our friend Mr. Atkins. We owe this to one man, and that man is Lord Wolseley. Messrs. Strawsons, who gave a demonstra- tion of spraying charlock in Bedfordshire on Thursday last, have obtained a return from persons who tried this practice last season, covering all the English and some Scotch counties. The replies to* a set of questions are summed up as follows:- That charlock can be destroyed in growing crops, without injury to the latter, by spraying with 50 gallons 2 per cent. solution of pure sulphate of copper per acre that the best time to apply this is when the charlock is young and from 2 in. to 6 in. in height; that where charlock is destroyed the corn crops are improved." The principal causes of failure, it is added, are spraying too late, using insufficient solution, and using impure sulphate of copper. For the effectual eradication of charlock a second spraying is necessary about a fort- night after the first, to catch plants:that come up after the first spraying, and those 9 that somehow escape the full dose of copper that was intended for them. Recently a football match was played at Budapest between German and Hungarian teams. One player had a leg broken, another suffered a broken arm, and a third had his nose smashed. These accidents have caused a tremendous sensation, and an outcry against English sports. One journal writes English sports are as brutal as English manners, and as ruffianly as the English national character. Let us abolish these wild pastimes fit for cannibals, lunatics, and Englishmen, but not for the civilised peoples of the Continent." Another paper exclaims, "Away with these barbarian pleasures. The English, whose plebeian instinct regards duelling as murder, do not scruple to maim and kill under the guise of sport. Let us keep our duelling and the English their football." A third protest runs: English sports have been shown up in their true light with all their debasing tendencies. We must protect our youth against the barbarising influences imported from England. Let our boys play the innocent games of childhood, and avoid such murderous pastimes as football and cricket."
SALUTARY COMPETITION. A matter of considerable interest to the ratepayers of Cardiganshire was discussed at the meeting of the County Council at Aberayron last week. A short time ago the Council invited tenders for advertising, and their committee, after having fully con- sidered the matter, recommended that they be inserted in one paper published at Car- marthen and in another published at Aber- ystwyth. Two Aberystwyth papers, however, had tendered; and the committee then, being satisfied that other things being equal, naturally accepted the lowest tender. At the meeting of the Council last Thursday Major PRICE LEWES proposed, and Dr J ENKYN LEWIS seconded, that the highest-priced tender be accepted instead of the lowest, as recommended by the Committee, and this, through the effort of organized opposition and hard canvassing was carried by a majority of two. That paper had, however, owing to the opposition of the Welsh Gazette, to reduce its charges by one-third. Now, both Major LEWES and Dr. LEWIS have profited by the advent of the Welsh Gazette and it seems incredibly strange that they withhold the same benefit from the rate- payers. If their sympathies are so genuine as they would have us believe, why do they now only give a penny for a paper for which they had formerly to pay three-half pence? It is all very fine for our wealthy aristocrats to exercise their generosity at the expense of the public. Unless words change their meanings with localities, it is evident that the bump of logic is not very strongly developed in the person who talked so recklessly about subsidising; but Dr JENKYN LEWIS is always at his best when allowed to indulge unrestrained in his favourite non- sense. Is it really not Dr. JENKYN LEWIS that is guilty of subsiding by making the Council pay fourpence for what can be got for threepence, and that in a paper the circulation of which is guaranteed to be even larger than any other in the county. It should be borne in mind that we sent in our tender at the invitation of the Council, and, although they have profited by our I response, we willingly accept their decision, but it is purely a matter for the ratepayers themselves whether they are willing to abide by that decision. The public, however, should never forget that monopoly and favouritism have always told against their best interests.
PROPOSED WELSH CENTRAL COUNCIL. IT is a welcome sign of the times to find that the whole body of Welsh Members have proved that, although politically divided, they can act harmoniously together in promoting objects of common interest to the Principality. They met in one of the Parliamentary Committee-rooms of the House of Commons on Friday evening, without distinction of party, and un- animously agreed to co-operate with the county councils of Wales in favour not only of extending the powers of those bodies, but also of the adoption of a system of grouping county councils for a variety of important administrative purposes. The scheme was introduced by Mr. GREAVES, the Lord-Lieutenant of Carnarvonshire, who has from the outset taken an active part in the movement. He was careful to make it clear that all controversial and political topics are excluded from the proposal, which is designed simply to improve and facilitate local self-government. Mr. GREAVES said that some months ago he laid before the County Council of Carnar- vonshire a proposal that the time had now arrived when it would be advantageous that certain powers at present exercised by the Local Government Board, the Home Secre- tary, and the Board of Trade, should be transferred to the County Councils. The Carnarvonshire County Council unanimously and cordially approved it. The other Welsh counties upon being invited to co-operate, responded with such unanimity and such alacrity as to leave no doubt about their opinions on the subject. The proposal was that certain powers originally embodied in the Local Government Act of 1888, but which were eliminated from that measure on its passage through the House of Commons, should be reinstated in the Act, and that such powers should be entrusted to the ad- ministration of County Councils. He had no doubt that Parliament in those early days acted wisely and well in refusing to entrust such powers to what were then new and un- tried bodies, but many years had elapsed since then, and Councils had proved fully equal to the duties imposed upon them. There need be no fear of entrusting them with further and more important adminis- trative responsibilities. If the powers sought were conferred it would be necessary to devise machinery for their proper ad- ministration. Many of them were so im- portant, and so far-reaching in their cha- racter, that it would be almost impossible for them to be efficiently and properly ad- ministered by the individual County Councils, and therefore it had been further suggested that a system of grouping should be adopted. The creation of a central body would become necessary, and it might be called the Welsh Central Council, which would consist of fifty members elected by the respective County Councils. The greatest care had been taken to exclude from the scheme all contro- versial matters, both political and ecclesias- tical. The scheme might do much to relieve the present congestion of work in the Local Government Board. It was an honest, Straightforward proposal to improve and facilitate local self government in the Principality. A meeting of the Drafting Committee was held at the House of Commons on Tuesday, and it decided upon a draft scheme. This scheme, which is to be submitted to the Joint Committee of the County Councils, adopts the provisions of the scheme recom- mended by the County Councils Associa- tion of England and Wales with regard to the transfer of powers from the Govern- ment departments, except such powers as arise under the Burials Acts, which in the Welsh scheme are purposely omitted. After discussion it was unanimously agreed that no system of transfer of powers would be workable in Wales unless the whole of the county councils, large and small, were federated for joint action by a Welsh central council. With respect to representation on the Council, it was decided to recommend that the principle of proportional representa- tion adopted by the Welsh Central Board be used. This would bring about a central council consisting of eight members for Glamorganrhire, six for Monmouthshire, three each for Cardiff, Swansea, Carnarvon, and Carmarthen, two each for Newport and Denbigh, and two each for Cardigan, Merioneth, Montgomery, and the remaining county councils. The scheme is to be con- sidered at a meeting of the delegates of Welsh county councils to be held at Shrews- bury on the 6th of June.