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--------Merionethshire Congregational…



DOLGELLEY. RURAL DISTRICT COUNCIL. A meeting of the above Council was held on Saturday last, when the following members were present Mr. John Evans, Barmouth (chairman), presiding, Messrs John Roberts, Brithdir and Islaw'rdref; Ellis Pugh Jones, Llandclwywe-isa; Hugh Evans and Morris G. Williams Llancn- ddwyn; Hywel Pugh, Llanfachreth Dr. Charles Williams and Mr Ellis Williams, Llanbedr; Messrs Meyrick Roberts, Llanfihangel; Wm. Lloyd and Cadwaladr Roberts, Llangelynin; Owen Jones, Llanymawddwy Robert Hughes (jun.), with Dr. Hugh Jones (Medical Officer of Health), W. R. Davies (clerk), W. R. Richardson (assistant clerk), and W. Jones (inspector). THE INSPECTOR OF NUISANCES. The Clerk read a letter from the Local Govern- ment Board sanctioning the services of Mr William Jones as the Council's inspector of nuisances. 130NTDDU WATER SUPPLY. It was agreed that this matter be referred back to the Parish Council owing to the surveyor's illness. DYFFRYN BOARD SCHOOL. The Clerk said that the alterations at the above school had been completed. Dr. Charles Williams: In what way ? Has the Inspector any report on the same ? The Inspector said he had not yet inspected the place, but would report at the next meeting. SANITARY STATE OF ABERGYNOLWYN. It was agreed that the Inspector should make a repoit on the Board School and a few houses nfc Abergynolwyn, and that a month's notice be given to the School Board to convert the drain into a dry system. LLWYXGWRIL WATER SUPPLY. The Clerk presented an agreement to be entered into with Mr. D. Gillart, giving the terms upon which he was to act for the Council in the matter of the Llwyngwril Water Scheme. He also read a letter from Mr Gillart statiig that he would attend at the next meeting with plans, CORRESPONDENCE. A letter was read from Mr Colley, Bridgenorth, stating that lie was glad to see that improvements were being made at Ty'nycornel, Talyllyn, and he should be pleased to see the Inspector visit the place and see that the work is carried out to satisfaction. It was agreed that the Inspector should report on the place. MEDICAL OFFICER'S ANNUAL REPORT. Dr. Hugh Jones submitted his annual report as follows: 1 he Dolgelley Rural District comprises 12 parishes, and a total area of 136,987 acres, with a population of 8,902. Birthrate: During the year 202 births were registered, giving a birth- rate of 22 6 per 1000 per annum, while it was 29 4 for the last six months of 1898. Deathrate: During the year 146 deaths were registered, which gives a deathrate of 16 4 per 1000 per annum. Ten deaths occurred in the district among persons not belonging thereto, and this feict gives a corrected deathrate of 15 4. Seven deaths occurred at the l" nion orkhouse among persons not originally belonging to the district. There were five deaths caused by injuries or accidents of different kinds during the year. The general deathrate in the district for the last six months of 1898 was 15 per annum, and the corrected rate was 13-4. It will thus be seen that the deathrate for last year is somewhat larger, and ought to ensure a greater effort, if possible, to remedy the many sanitary defects which exist throughout the district, and upon which it must be admitted the deathrate ultimately depends. Infant mortality Thiityone ¡ ueatns occurred during the year among infants under one year of age. The number of births registered was 202, with a rate of infant mortality of 153-4, while for the last six months of 1898 it was only 91.6, which is evidently much more unfavorable and demands very serious attention. The want of proper care and management on the part of mothers influences the rate of infant mor- tality very appreciately, but it must always be borne in mind that insanitary conditions of all kinds impair the vitality and increase the mortality among infants much more rapidly than among grown up persons. Zymotic deathrate: Under this heading we include deaths due to the seven principal zymotic diseases, viz., small pox, measles, scarlet fever, diphtheria, whooping cough, fever (typhus continued and enteric), and diarrhoea. During the year five deaths were registered as being due to one or another of these diseases, thus :—one death from measles, one from scarlet fever, one from diphtheria, one from whooping- cough, and one from diarrhoea, We have thus a zymotic deathdrate for the year of 0'56 per 1000. The two deaths from diphtheria and diarrhoea may fairly be taken to imply a defective sanitary state, but may also be duo to other causes. Little is still known of the determining cause of epidemics of small pox, measles, whooping cough, and scarlet fever. The zymotic deathrate for the last six wienths of 1898 was 0.44. Phthisis death-rate.—Thirteen deaths were registered during the year as being due to phthisis, which gives a death-rate from the cause of 1-4 per 1,000 per annum. The rate for the last six months of 1898 was 1*12, which is again less than the rate for last year This is not satisfactory, as there are now overwhelming reasons for be- lieving that the disease may be justly termed pre- ventable. It is largely dependent upon known and remediable conditions, and improved hygiene has led to a steady decline in mortality from this cause. The phthisis mortality in England and Wales in 1886-1890 was 1.6, so that we must again state :the rate for last year in this district is much higher than it ought to be in view of the rural, scattered, and thinly populated character of the district, because it has been shown that there is a close relation between density of population and phthsis mortality. The causes which must tend in this district to keep up the death-rate from this cause are (1) the damp condition of many of the dwelling houses; (2) overcrowding and want of ventilation. These defects have figured largely in nearly all my monthly reports. It has been shown that with im- proved ventilation and ampler air space the mor- tality from phthsis has been greatly reduced. I would here like to express my opinion that the health of the district would be greatly protected from tuberculosis if children could be brought up to sleep with open windows, as fresh air is one of the most destructive enemies of the tubercular germ. I dealt in my last report with the danger from tuberculosis pktients and from tuberculosis articles of diet, such as meat and milk. In this connection I must express my approval of the action of the Council in adopting the dairies cowsheds, and milkshops order All slaughter- houses should be under the control of the Sanitary Authority, Notifications.-The number of cases of infectious diseases notified to me during the year amount to 571, viz,—scarlet fever 11, diphtheria 3, enteric fever 2, puerperal fever 2, erysipelas 4, and measles 549. It will be seen that there was a very extensive out-break of measleii in a large portion of the district during the year, but the disease was not of a very severe type and only one death was registered. Water Supply.—The water supply of several portions of the district is still under the consideration of the Council. In my last report I dealt at considerable length with the unsatisfactory condition of things at Dyffryn and Llwyngwril. In both these cases the Council have secured the services of competent engineers who have submitted schemes, and the Local Government Board have been approached with a view to enquiries beintr held so as to enable these schemes to be proceeded with. I am glad to be able to report that the Parish Council of Talyllyn have provided a new and satisfactory supply at a cost of £ 130 for a portion of the village of Corris, in reference to which I had to speak unfavourably in my last year's report. Sewerage.—I have again to report that there is no definite system of sewerage and drainage in any portion of the district owing largely to its Z7' rural arid scattered character. In my last year's report I suggested that something might be attempted in this direction at Llanegryn and Llwyngwril. I would not like to add Corris, Abergynolwyn, and Dyffryn as nothing has been done in this direction at either of these places up to the end of the year. Parish of Talyllyn.—In this parish 32 deaths were registered during the year as against 14 during the half year ending December 31st., 1898. The death rate for last year is 19-05 per 1,000 per annum for the last 6 months of 1898. Fifty four births were registered and these givea birthrate of 32-1 as against 42-8 per 1,000 per annum for the last six months of 1898. This latter rate was unusually high. The rate of infant mortality is 148.1 per 1000 registered births as against 138.8 for the last six months of 1898. Notifi- cations.—The following cases of infectious diseases occurred in this parish during the yaar. Scarlet I? fever 2, puerperal fever 1, erysipelas 1, and measles 118. Water Supply: In my last year's report I spoke unfavourably of the water supply of a portion