PRINCIPALSHIP AT BALA. In 1891 Dr Edwards resigned the principalship of Aberystwyth College in order to undertake that of Bala Theological College, and the great work of his life closed with his removal from Aberystwyth. Many at the time doubted the wisdom of his choice, believing that Aberystwyth required his presence and guidance. But he had carefully considered the matter. It was not without mature thought and de- liberation, however, that he yielded to the solicita- tions of his Bala friends. Moreover, he had the satis- faction of knowing that Aberystwyth required no further propping. To quote his own words, "Aber- ystwyth is perfectly safe now." Further, it was his strong opinion "that the secular side of education in Wales had advanced beyond the theological side," and that at Bala he might be able to help to restore the balance. He went to Bala to do what promised at first to be an important service to the denomina- tions of Wales. He made it a condition of his accept- ance of the principalship that the college should be open to members of all denominations and his own body, exclusive as it is supposed to be, made the concession in order to secure the services of its first scholar and teacher. Had his health and strength held out, it is believed that his high hopes as to the future of Bala would have been realised.
HIS LITERARY WORK. His first literary efforts were a series of articles for the Welsh periodicals. He made his first attempt as author and editor in connection with a monthly magazine called "Yr Ymwelydd," 'printed at Bala under the auspices of the Methodist Sunday Schools of East Merioneth. He was joint-editor of this Monthly with the late Rev. John Williams, of Llan- drillo. It flourished until the appearance of "Trysorfa y Plant," in 1862. When 19 years old he wrote an article to the "Traethodydd." He was a regular contributor to the "British Weekly," the "Ex- positor," and the "International Commentary." The list of his printed works, im addition to the com- mentaries, include his famous Davies' Lecture on the "God-man," a Preface to Goiider's "Life of Christ," an introduction to "Flashes from the Welsh Pulpit," by the Rev. J. Davies ("Gwynoro "), an introduction to "The Theory of Evolution (Jones-Humphreys), and to "The New Testament and its Writers (Dr. M'Clymont). In 1898 he published, at the request of the Sunday School Committee, a volume on the Hebrews in Welsh. for the use of Sunday Schools. No less than 20,000 copies have been seld. A second edition was demanded of this book in less than a month,and another edition was printed in America. In 1885 his commentary on the I. Corinthians was given to the world, and this work brought him Euro- pea. fame. Notwithstanding that the price of the book is 14s., the first edition was sold out in less than three months, and it is said to have been an amazing commercial success. It is Dedicated to two rever- end teachers, in grateful recognition of what I owe them intellectually and spiritually—to the Rev. Ben- jamin Jowett, M.A., Master of Balliol College, Regius Professor of Greek in the University of Oxford, and to my father, the Rev. Lewis Edwards, D.D. (Edin.), principal of the Welsh Presbyterian College, Bala." The Corinthians "was followed, five years later, by another magnificent essay in "The Expositor's Bible on the Hebrews. He was engaged during the last five years of his life in writing a commentary on the same epistle for the international series. He was also actively engaged upon a biography of his father. Three numbers have already appeared, and it is understood that the remaining parts will be issued monthly.
HONOURS AND OFFICES. As an expression of the high esteem in which he was held his denomination conferred upon him all the honours in their possession. He was elected secretary and afterwards chairman of the General Assembly. He was also elected chairman of the South Wales Association, and of the English Confer- ence. He was appointed an eJ. aminer of Bala College in 1866, and of Bala and Trevecc. a 1887. He was also an I examiner of the Synodical Examinations. He was a bearer of the M.A. degrees of the Universities of Si London and Oxford. In 1886 his father's old univr- sity—Edinburgh—conferred upon him the D. D. degree, and in 1898 the University of Wales honoured him with a similar degree It was felt by Welshmen generally that this honour should have been con- ferred two years before, and that Dr. Edwards should I have been one of the first distinguished batch of i honorary graduates in 1896, including the Princess of J Wales, lr. Gladstone, and Lords Spencer and J Herschell.
[ THE FUNERAL. Large concourses gathered at Bala and Aberystwyth on Tuesday to pay their last tribute of respect to the late Principal Edwards. The remains were conveyed from his residence to the College Library at Bala on Monday evening to await the service on Tuesday. Tuesday opened with sunshine, but later the sun became obscured with dark clouds, and everything wore a gloomy and cheerless aspect. Indeed, it seemed as if the elements had determined to be in keeping with the sorrowful ceremony to be performed that day. At Bala signs were visible everywhere of the deep respect in wnich the late reverent gentle- man was held. Business was suspended, and the town altogether wore an appearance of deep mourning. Similar expressions were also visible at Aberystwyth. At the request of the Mayor, all business establish- ments were closed during the afternoon. AttlieCollece, all lectures were suspended at 12 30., while above the tower the college flag was hung at half-mast. Previous to the departure by the 10 50 train, a short service was held at the College Chapel, Bala, Every avail- J able seat at the sacred edifice was occupied, and large numbers were unable to gain admittance. Professor E. O. Davies, M.A., Bala, gave out the hymns, the first sung being number 806, "Mor ddedwydd yw y rhai trwy ffydd," after which the Rev. J. Howell Hughes, Bala, read portions of scrip- ture, and Professor Hugh Williams, M.A., offered a most impressive prayer. Letters of apology for non-attendance were read from a large number, among whom were the fallowing r—Mr T. R. Davies, J.P., chairman and treasurer of Bala College; Alder- man Foulkes Roberts, ex-mayor of Manchester; Dr. R. D. Roberts, Cambridge; Sir John H. Puleston, London Mr J. Herbert Lewis, M.P. Mr J. Herbert Roberts, M.P.; Revs. Principal Owen Prys, Trevecca Revs. S. Rogers, Liverpool; Owen Evans, London; Josiah Thomas, M.A., Liverpool: W. Jones. David- street, Liverpool; D. Jones, Penarth; J. Morgan Jones, Cardiff; F. L. Downham, Liverpool; T. Pryse Davies, M.A., Chester Mr F. H. Sturge, Wrexham; and Mr T. Jones, Mayor of Wrexham. At the close of the service a procession was formed, which, as it wended its way to the station, was continually being augmented. A great many of the late Principal's friends arrived at Bala on Monday night, and on Tues- day morning the trains brought in a still larger num- ber from different parts of England and Wales. A special train left Bala for Aberystwyth at 10-30, calling at intermediate stations, by which a large number travelled, including the students of Bala College. A specially draped carriage had been pro- vided for the conveyance of the coffin, and the chief mourners occupied compartments adjoining, and this was attached to the ordinary 10-30 a.m. train. The departure was witnessed by a vast gathering of sym- pathisers. The train conveying the mourners arrived at Aberystwyth promptly at 2-30. The coffin-a polished oak casket with brass trimmings—was re- moved from the carriage and placed on an open bier. It bore the following inscription :— Thomas Charles Edwards, Ganwyd Medi 22ain., 1837, Bu farw Mawrth 22ain, 1900. (Born Sept. 22nd, 1837; Died March 22nd, 1900.) and was covered with wreaths made up of lovely rich exotic flowers, sent by the following :— Dr. Lewis Charles and Miss Leta Edwards, Marian and David, Rev. and Mrs. Treborth Jones and Miss Dorothy; Rev. and Mrs. D. Charles Edwards Dr. and Mrs. James Edwards Ceris, Bangor Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Jones, Plasdeon Lilian, Mr. J. R. Davies, Mr. and Mrs. James Dale, Liverpool staff of Bala College and School, University of Wales, per Dr. Isambard Owen; Catherine-street Presbyterian Church, Liverpool; City-road Presbyterian Church, Chester; and Mrs. Davies and family, Treborth; Mrs. Lyon, Monachri, Kilkenny; and Miss Hill, Dublin. Outside the station, the mourning party was awaited by a concourse estimated at several thousands. The Aberystwyth College staff and male and female students in academic dress, to the number of 500, were present, and marched in a body at the head of the procession. Deputations, representing the Aberystwyth Town Council, Aberystwyth County School, and other bodies were also in attendance. The cortege proceeded via Terrace-road, North- parade, Northgate-street and Llanbadarn-road, to the cemetery, The students of Bala College acted as pall bearers, and in parties of six relieved one another. Dense crowds of spectators lined the route all along, and every point of vantage was occupied by spectators eager to obtain a full view of the pro- cession. At the North Gate the coffin was saluted by a group of Militia, a touching incident undoubtedlv appreciated by all who witnessed it.
ORDER OF PROCESSION. The following was the order of procession at Bala and Aberystwyth :— Medical Profession. Ministers and Clergy. Representatives of University of Wales. Aberystwyth, Cardiff, Bangor, and other University Students. Magistrates, County Councillors, Corpora- tions, &c. Educational Bodies. Elders. Bala College Committee and Professors. Bala Students. The Bier. Relatives. Carriages. Public (four abreast). The chief mourners were the following :—Dr. Lewis Charles Edwards, son; Mrs. Treborth Jones, Chester, daughter; Miss Lila Edwards, daughter; Rev. D. Treborth Jones, son-in-law Rev. Llewellyn Edwards, London, brother Rev. D. Charles Edwards, Llanbedr, brother Dr. James Edwards, Liverpool, brother; Mrs. Dickens-Lewis, Shrewsbury, sister; Mrs. W. R. Evans, Wrexham, sister; Mr. Llewellyn T. Edwards, London, nephew Mr. Llewellyn Charles Edwards, Llanbedr, nephew; Mrs. James Edwards, sister-in- law; Mr. W. R. Evans, brother-in-law; Mr. William James, Pwllcenawon, uncle; Rev. David Pugh, Ysceifiog, cousin Mr John James, cousin; Rev. Howell Price (pastor), and Mr. Humphreys (private secretary). Amongst the ministers and clergy in the process- ion were the following :—Rev. Thomas Levi, Archdeacon Protheroe, Rev. Prebendary Williams; Rev. Dr. Morris (representing the Welsh Baptist Union), Revs. A. Burgess, Aberystwyth; Griffith Ellis, Bootle; J J. Roberts (Iolo Carnarvon); John Davies, Bontddu Thomas Owen and D. E. Jenkins, Fortmadoc; John Roberts, Corris J. J Evans, Aberllefeny; Edward Williams, Machynlleth; D. Lloyd Jones, M.A.9 Llandinam; W. Al. Lewis, Tyllwyd, Pembrokeshire; Owen Owens, Liverpool Edwin Williams, M.A., vice-principal, Trevecca College Howell Hughes, Bala T. Mason Jones, Trisant; Morris Griffith, Llanelly; E. F. Roberts, Machynlleth; Hugh Roberts, Rhydymain; John Davies, Pennant; J. George Davies, Mewport; Morgan Evans, Tregaron; David Morgan, Penllwyn; D. Carron Jones, and J. C. Evans, Borth John Williams, B.A., Dolgelley E. Jones Edwards, Arthog; D. Jenkins, Portmadoc; John Williams, Goginan; Elias Jones, Newtown W. M. Griffiths, M.A., Dyffryn; Elias J. Jones, M.A., and D. O'Brien Owen, Carnarvon; John Collis, and John Jones, Pwllheli; Gwynoro Davies, Barmouth J. E. Hughes, M.A., and Robert Parry, B.A., Carnarvon I W. H. Jones, Machynlleth; J. Thickens, and E. Morris, Aberayron; T. Davies, Treorky; W. H. Davies, Blaenplwyf; W. Jones, and T. Williams, Aberyst- wvth E. Griffiths, Meifod. Principal Reichel representing the University cf Wales.. The staff of the Aberystwyth University was strongly represented, those present being Principal T. F. Roberts, Professors J. M. Angus (vice- principal), J. W. Marshall, Ed. Anwyl, E Edwards, R. W. Genese, H. Ethe, C. H. Herford, J. Brough, H. Lloyd Snape, D. Morgan Lewis, D. Jenkins, Mus. Bac., W. J. Johnston, T. Parry, W. Jenkyn Jones, D. D. Williams, J. H. Appleton, J. T. Walley, H. Hibbert, G. A. Schott, D. R. Harris, Miss Lilian Winstanley, Miss Caroline P. Tremain, Miss Brebner, Arthur Brooke, Mortimer Green (registrar), and E Penllyn Jones (librarian). The Aberystwyth County School was represented by Mr D. Samuel (headmaster), Messrs W. P. Fuller, T. Owen, Howell, John Evans (clerk), and fifth form boys. The members of the Bala College staff were also present without exception. and included Professors Ellis Edwards, Hugh Williams, W. B. Stephenson, E. O" Davies, J. Puleston Jones, J. Owen Jones, T. Ellis Jones, and Samuel Owen. The medical profession was represented by Dr. Roger Hughes, Bala Dr. Abraham Thomas, and Dr. Morgan, Aberystwyth and Dr. James, Y Fagwyr. The members and officials of the Aberystwyth Town Council present were the following:—Alderman C. M. Williams (mayor), Alderman Peter Jones, Alderman T. Doughton, Messrs D. C. Roberts, R. J. Jones, E. H. James, R. Peake, J. P. Thomas, I. Hopkins, E. P. Wynne, J. Jenkins; R. Doughton, Rees Jones (borough surveyor), H. L. Evans (borough aceountant), C. Massey (assistant clerk), R. Felix (collector), Capt. Thomas (harbour master), and J. Evans (inspector). The funeral cortege also included the following :— Messrs. J. Watkin Lumley, chairman Denbighshire County Council; J. Matthews, J.P., Amlwch, repre- senting the Anglesey Monthly Meeting; Edward Griffith, J.P., Dolgelley; H. C. Fryer, clerk of the peace, Aberystwyth; David Davies, Plasdinam; Edward Jones, Llandinam; John Bees, J.P., Welsh- pool Evan Jones Bala; W. R. Evans, Wrexham J. H. Davies, Cwrtmawr; John Jones, J.P., Llanfyllin J. R. Jones, solicitor, Bala; J. R. Jones, Liverpool; E. R. Davies, town clerk, Pwllheli; J. O. Thomas, [ Menai Bridge J. J. Jones, Pwllheli; Llwyd ap Iwan, of Patagonia; G. E. Griffiths, Garstbn, Liverpool; Morgan Richards, University, Cardiff; Messrs. Robert Ellis, R. E. H. Morgan (L. & P. Bank), D. Lloyd Lewis (N. P. Bank), J. R. Rees (N. & S. W. Bank), Evan Evans, Humphrey Meredith, Rowland Morgan, John Evans, T. J. Samuel, Dan Jones, and Edwin Peters, Aberystwyth J. Meyrick Jones, E. W. Evans, R. Jones-Griffith, Richard Evans, John Jones, and J. R. Williams, Dolgelley: Owen Jones, Bontddu; Alderman J. M. Howell, Captain Evans, W. Williams, J. H. Jones, and John Roberts, Aberayron; William Thomas and W. Timothy New Quay; W. Jones, R. Davies, J. D. Jones, and D. Hughes, Aberdovey; Hugh Evans, Barmouth; R. Lloyd, Hugh Davies, Jones, and E. Ll. Evans, Machynlleth Mr. Roberts, Aberllefenny James Jones, Tyllwyd, Aberystwyth y I J. Morgan, Mold Humphrey Davies, Corris; W. Jones, Birmingham Isaac. Foulkes, Liverpool; D. Howell, and J. Jones, Llanbrynmair D. R. Daniel, D. E. Davies, D. Thomas, R. Perry, J. E. Hughes, and N. Davies, Carnarvon; R. 0. Jones, Pwllheli; J. T. Rees, Mus. Bac., Pengarn; T. James and T. Morris, Penllwyn E. Yaughan Humphreys, Llwvn- gwril: J. Williams, Arthog; Capt. Francis, Borth John Jones, Tyncoed, Llanilar G. G. Davies, Rhiw; Griffiths, Chester Lines, Liverpool; David Jones, Crosswood; J. Matthews, Amlwch Jones, Pertlierin, Caersws; J. Jones, Prestatyn D. J. Lewis, Fes- tiniog Morgan, Talybont David Jones, Trefedlin Foster Edwards, Harlech H. R. Davies, Treborth Edward Jones, Ponterwvd; David Edwards, Dolfor; Capt. Hall (Customs), J. C. Rea, Rufus Williams, 1. Griffiths, T. H. Edwards, R. K. Humphreys, J. Edwards (Laurels), David Lloyd, John Jenkins (Princess-street), T. B. Hall, John Owens, Capt. James, David Howell, T. E. Morgan, John Owen (North-parade), Jones, (Baker-street), D. C. Owen, T. C. Jenkins, T. Ainsleigh Jones, John Lewis, Richard Thomas, John Thomas (draper), J. A. Jones, D. C. Owen (grocer), Jack Edwards, John Davies (Llanbadarn-road), T. Griffiths, W. James Bennett, T. Ellis, J. Barclav Jenkins. J. H. Edwrards (draper). J. Ede, A. Trevor Bennett, W. H. Jones-Parrv. Vaughan Edwards (solicitor), W. R. Jones, David Evans, J. R. Griffiths, John Watkins, T. W. Powell, G. D. White, Glyn Davies, U.C.W., J. L. Pickard, U.C.W., Ebenezer Morgan, R. Ellis, J. Matthews, D. Watkins, T. I). Lewis, T. Jones. D. Lloyd (builder), R. Davies, Griffith Ellis, William Richards, R. Xorthey, Cornelius Roberts, T. Vaughan, E. Rowe, David Hughes, and David Jones, Abervstwvtli: Richard Jones, Aberangell; Morgan Edwards, Rhvdv- felin J. Jones, Llanfyllin Morgan Richards, Afan Richard Thomas, Llanbadarn J. J. Hughes, Talybont.
AT THE GRAVESIDE. The ceremony at the graveside jwas simple in the extreme, but at the same time impressive and mourn- ful. Rev. Thomas Levi, pastor of Tabernacle Chapel, Aberystwyth, read an appropriate portion of the Scriptures, viz., the 11th chapter of the epistle of S' Saint John. fhe Rev. Ellis Edwards, Bala, then offered a short but touchingly cloqueut prayer. He thanked the Almighty for the blessings and sanctitv which had been poured on the departed, and which had made his life such a noble and worthy example. Riches had not allured him from the path of duty, for his motives were always high and pure. Although he had now left them he still called through a voice that was cold and a tongue that was silent. The Rev. Penllyn Jones then gave out the well-known hymn, Tragwyddoldeb mawr yw d'enw," which was sung with feeling and effect. This concluded the burial service, and the large assembly slowly dispersed. The funeral arrangements at Aberystwyth and the regulation of the procession were very satisfactorily carried out under the supervision of Chief-Constable Howel Evans and a posse of police, Mr. R. Peake, and Sergeant Wakeling, U.C.W. Mr. D. E. Jones, Bala, was the undertaker.
THE GREAT DEAD. As we entered into the Cemetery on Tuesday we could rot help being struck with the thought that here shall lie—not many yards apart-till the sound of the trump, the dust of two late principals of the Calvinistic Methodist Colleges at Trevecca and Bala. Principal David Charles Davies was called to his rest in September. 1891 suddenly and unexpectedly, and Principal Edwards has just been laid to rest after a long and linger- ing illness. As we were led into a meditative strain, and we could not but institute a series of parallelisms and contrasts between the two great men. Both were undoubted thinkers, of pronounced individuality of character. In their public utter- ance both followed trains of thought, each absolutely peculiar to himself. Both belonged to the same family—the family of Charles, and both sustained to the full the traditions of this great name. Both had been trained in their early vears at Bala, and both had graduated in honours in London University. Both were scholars and had offered to them a high distinctian of D.D. from Edinburgh University—one of them accepted the honour, the other did not see his way clear to accept. This offer to confer the degree of D.D. by the famous University of the north has not been made, we believer to any Welshman except to the above two principals and the late Dr. Lewis Edwards. Both lived away from Aberystwyth, and the remains of both have been conveyed to this town from long distances, and find their resting place here at a close distance from each other. And while there was much in common between the two men, there was much wherein they contrasted greatly with each other. One of the principals had an extensive training in mathematics and science. You could not hear him preach without having to follow him in a very complex series of arguments, the steps following each other as certainly and inexorably as those of a complicated proposition in Euclid. He had thoroughly studied Herbert Spencer and John Stuart Mill, and he seems to have thought that his calling in life was to reconcile Science and Faith and his essays on the subject are admirable handbooks, to put into the hands of readers who need conforming in the faith. He was not naturally a speaker." it was by dint of perseverance that he became able to sway large congregations. He could speak with as great a fervour and eloquence to a few as to thousands on the field of the association. He picked half-a- dozen hearers from his audience, and preached really to them. We have heard him as fervent when addressing an audience of two as when a crammed congregation at the Tabernacle Chapel has been hanging on his lips. He was the greatest antithetical phrase-maker that perhaps our generation has seen. Another master of this style, still living, has confessed that D. Charles Davies was his model. Principal Edwards had never had a science training, and though his sermons were highly argumentative, they followed quite a different course from that adopted by his kinsman. Principal Edwards, we think, was never at his best except when expounding his doctrines before a large audience. Though naturally quick- tempered and fervent, it needed a full house to draw him out. It was said by one years ago of David Charles Davies that he was often more fanciful than profound, we think that the phrase was often quite as applicable to Thomas Charles Edwards. We heard D. C. Davies at his best, we think, in a sermon on Unite my heart to fear Thy name," we heard T. C. Edwards in a sermon on Let this mind be in you." These sermons, we fear, are not now procurable. Both principals have now gone from their respective spheres of work to their long home. Both have left their stamp on the denomination to which they belonged; nay, more, to the country which gave them birth. The spot in which the dust of these two divines is laid, is hallowed in a special sense. Many excellent men sleep there. Leaders of religious thought and action in our local community lie there, and men well known in other spheres. St Michael's churchyard has the dust of Azariah Zadrach, Robert Davies, John Evans, the schoolmaster, and John Mathews. But the cemetery outside the other end of the town contains in addition to the remains of Principal Davies and Principal Edwards, those of the Rev Edward Jones, Richard Roberts, David Jones (the Bank), Ivon, John Morgans, Adda Fras, David Jenkin Davies, and a host of others. and at a little distance apart, is the grave of another distinguished man of whom we are proud, the late Dean Phillips of St. David's.
MEMORIAL SERVICE. On Tuesday evening, a memorial service to the late Principal Edwards was held at Tabernacle Methodist Chapel, Aberystwyth. The congregation, which re- presented all the denominations of the town, filled the spacious building to its utmost capacity. The devotional portion of the service was conducted by the Rev. J. G. Davies, Newport, after which the Tabernacle Choir, under the conductorship of Mr. D. Jenkins, Mus.Bac., gave an excellent rendering of the anthem, "Crown of righteousness," which had been specially composed in memory of the late Mr. Thomas Gee. The memorial sermon was preached by the Rev. Griffith Ellis, Bootle, who took as his text, Acts xxvii. 23.—" For there stood by me this night the angel of God, whose lam, and whom I serve." The preacher said that the question to be read on the face of every Welshman and Welshwoman that day was Know ye not that a prince and a great man has fallen to-day in Israel ? Undoubtedly, the greatest man of Wales was dead. He was the only Welsh theologian within the century that earned fame in this country and on the Continent of Europe. But now he had gone to his grave. For years past Prin- cipal Edwards was looked up to without distinction by every section of the Christian Church. The position filled by him was a great one, and the void caused by his death was a terrible one. In his own mind, however, he was was not a prince, but a servant—a slave of God. In the words chosen as a text they had an expression of his heart-felt feeling. for he at no time in any place forgot that he was a minister of Christ, and that, no doubt, was the reason why he became a prince in their midst. His subjec- tion to the authority of Christ was the cause for the authortty and influence he had over others. It was too soon yet to adjudicate upon his character and his work. They stood in too close a relationship to him to judge fairly of him, but it was expected on that occasion that some reference, however imperfect, should be made to the positions filled by him during the past 30 years. The gift of God to the North was Daniel Rowlands's remark of Charles o'r Bala. That remark proved Rowlands's discernment, but for scores of years past they understood that Charles o'r Bala was not the gift of God to the North, but to Wales as a whole, to England, and to the whole world. Principal Edwards was the gift of God to Wales, to the Empire, and in a large measure to the whole Christian world. It was unnecessary to say there, or in any other place in Wales, that he was descended from an honoured family. His father was the most talented and influential of his age, a man who introduced a new period into the intellectual history of Wales, the man before all others who made the national revival of the later years possible. The preacher also paid a high tribute to the memory of Principal Edwards' mother, who was a niece of the famous Charles o'r Bala. He then proceeded to give a brief outline of his academical career, and pointed out that no one had better preparation for the work of his life than Dr. Edwards had. The first act of his publie life was an act of self-sacrifice. Some of the pastorates of the strongest churches were open to him, but be chose to work at Windsor, and that at a salary of L150 a year. An Oxford first-class man, in his 50th year, on the occasion of his marriage, beginning life in that town on L150 a year. X) one had more of the Welsh passion and fire than be but for all that he determined to sanctify himself to the English work. The words of the text were his motto. He did not ask any question, e-xcept the question of what was his duty. Advantage and self-interest I were not considered for a moment by him. After labouring successfully in Windsor untit" 1872" a call came to him from his nation, and he felt as well that it was a call from God, to undertake the work of start- ing the University of Wales in this town. He accepted it, and remained principal for 19 years. and it was here he accomplished the great work of his life. To his old grandfather. Charles o'r Bala, was given the honour of setting up the Sunday School in Wales,; to his father was givei the honour of establish- ing the first College for the education of young men who contemplated entering the ministry, and to Dr. Edwards himself was given the honour of establishing the institution which was the beginning of the University of Wales. They had now a complete system of education in Wales brought about by the Aberystwyth College, and mainly by the efforts of Principal Thomas Charles Edwards. He kliie preaenerj reinemoerea a conversauon ne naa with the late Professor Jowett respecting their old friend, when that person said "he embraced in a remarkable degree two things which do not often meet in the same character—great power of thought and intense enthusiasm." In 1891 Principal Edwards left Aberystwyth, and for the third time in his life sacrificed for the sake of his connexion and his nation. He saw in the invitation from Bala a call to start a new period in the theological life of Wales. Not only was he working for his own connexion, but for the whole of the connexions of Wales, and he felt that the times called for a higher and more thorough education than was then obtainable in Wales. He threw himself body and soul .into the work, but soon had to give u and that when his desire for work was so great. The rev. gentleman then proceeded to speak of the powerful influence of the Principal's preaching, and of his capabilities as an author, and said there were three lessons to be learnt from his life. In the first place he taught them to place value on principles secondly, he set them an ex- ample of perfect patriotism to truth; and thirdly, he taught to them the thorough necessity of con- secration to Christ. No one, he thought, in their age had the same grasp on the minds of the young of their nation as their departed brother had. He had great sympathy with young people, and he thought that this great influence which belonged to his ministry and his life to such a large measure was bound to remain. In an eloquent peroration, the rev. gentle- man said they must not be disheartened. Although their loss was great, thev had still One left. Did the sun refuse to shine because one star had ceased to shine ? This was one of the darkest periods in the history of Methodism in Wales great had been the losses made in their ranks during the past 20 years. But Christ was living, their Saviour was living, and while He was living, in his strength they would do their best to meet the requirements of their age. Another funeral sermon will be delivered at the Methodist Chapel, Bala, on Sunday next, by the Rev. William James, Manchester.
TRIBUTES. Summing up his life in an admirable and eloquent sketch, the "Western Mail" says that "he was altogether a charming personality, and those who had the privilege of his acquaintance state that he was most so in the social circle, as simple and un- affected as a child, never assuming superiority over younger or weaker brethren. A more charitable man in the double sense of the word never lived. Though loyal to his own denomination, his Christianity em- braced the world, and his charity was as broad as the heavens. To his students, to everybody, indeed, whom he could" bless," he was Generosity personi- fied, and the measure of his liberality at Liverpool, at Aberystwyth, and at Bala is only known to the recording angel-not to men. His whole life was a sacrifice. By staying in Wales he denied himself affluence and ease in England; by retiring from Aberystwyth to Bala he gave up a lucrative post for one of very moderate income-and all for the sake of others," The death of Principal Edwards was not allowed to pass without recognition by the representatives of the nation of which he was an ornament. Mr Alfred Thomas, as chairman of the Welsh Liberal members, called a meeting of that party, and a vote of con- dolence with Principal Edwards' family was passed. Pulpit references were made in all the places of worship throughout Wales—almost without exception —last Sunday. Lord Rendel wired a message of sympathy through the Court of Governors of the University College which met at Bala on Friday. An eloquent tribute by Principal Roberts will be found in our report of the same meeting. For the photo of Principal Edwards, and for much valuable information we are indebted to the kindness of Mr. Penllyn Jones, an old and intimate friend and colleague of Principal Edwards. The photo (which was taken in America) is considered to be one of the most faithful likenesses of the distinguished doctor.
DOLGELLEY. TEMPERANCE.—On Monday euening at the Salem C.M. Chapel addresses were delivered on Temperance and its causes by the Rev. J. R. Williams and Ap Plenydd. The rooms were filled and a very enjoyable evening was spent. FOOTBALL.—On Saturday afternoon last a foot- ball match was played on the Mairian grounds be- tween the Dolgelley reserves and the Bala Press. After a hard game the reserves proved victorious by four goals to two. SCHOLASTIC.—The Glasgow University Dowan, hill Elocution Prize of E20 for the best delivery of a sermon and excellence in Scripture reading hae been won by Mr R. R. Williams, M.A. Dolgelley. Mr Williams, who completes his theological course at the end of this session, has accepted a call to the pastorate of the English Presbyterian Church at Towyn, Merioneth. The second prize (£10) was won by Mr W. L. Levack, Carradale. There were twelve competitors. The Coulter Prize of £5 for the best essay on The Social Philosophy of Car- lyle" has been won by Mr Tom Jones, Rhymney, Mon. Mr Jones, who is a probationer of the Pres- byterian Church of Wales, is a distinguished stud- ent in philosophy, and this winter was appointed to deliver the extension lectures in political econ- omy at the Glasgow Athenoeum. BOARD, OF GUARDIANS. The monthly meeting of the Guardians for the Dolgelley Union was held at the Connty Hall, on Saturday last when the following members were present.—Messrs Charles Williams, Llanaber, chair- man John Edwards, and John Roberts, Brithdir; Ellis Pugh Jones, Llanwyddwe; Richard Jones, Llanelltyd; Morris G. Williams, Llanenddwyn H. Pugh, Llanfachreth; Meyrick Roberts, Llan- fihangel; Cadwalader Roberts, Llangelynin Owen Jones, Llanmawddwyn; J. P. Jones, Talyllyn John Evans, Richard Mills, and William Wiliians, Dol- gelley Hugh Evans, and Edward Hughes, Bar- mouth E- H. Davies, and David Evans, Mallwyd, with W. R. Davies, clerk; W. R. Richardson. assistant clerk J. Roberts, workhouse master and the releiving officers. STATISTICS. Amount of relief administered during the past aontb to Barmouth district, L157 11s 4d Talyllyn district, L125 6s 6d. "I MASTER'S REPORT. The Master reported that the number of vagrants relieved during the past month was 85 corres- ponding period last year, 101. ACKNOWLEDGMENT. The Clerk read a letter from the family of the late Dr Edward Jones acknowledging the vote of condolence passed by the Board with them at the previous meeting in their lamentable bereavement. APPOINTMENTS. The Chairman proposed that Dr J. Jones, Bryn- ffynon, he appointed as the Board's medical officer for the Dolgelley Union on the same terms as his late father. Mr Hugh Evans seconded, and the proposition was unanimously carried. Mr Meyrick Roberts proposed that Mr W. R. M. Williams, be re-appointed school attendance officer for the Dolgelley district for the ensuing year, and this was unanimously agreed to. PROPOSED ALTERATIONS AT THE WORKHOUSE. The Clerk stated that the plans for the proposed alterations at the Workhouse had been submitted to the Local Government Board, and a reply had been received stating that they would be pleased to know how the Guardians proposed to defray the expanses and seeking other information. The matter was adjourned to the next meeting, with aview of consideriug the plans. FINANCE. Mr Meyrick Roberts submitted the Finance Com- mittee's report as follows :—There was a sum at the bank of £1,096 7s Od arrears, £ 171; deficiency to meet liabilities, C26 6s 4d. On the 24th February there was a sum of Z774 due in arrears, and a sum of £ 750 due from the County Council, which he hoped would be remitted the following week. The report was thereupon adopted. ASSISTANT OVERSEER. It was unanimously resolved that Mr W. R. Williams be appointed assistant overseer for Dol- gelley district. CORRESPONDENCE. A letter was read from the Clerk to the County Governing Body acknowledging the appointment of Messrs H. S. Roberts. Corrris, and H. Lloyd, Brithdir, as the Board's representatives on the County Governing Body. MASTER'S SPECIAL REPORT. The Master (Mr Roberts) submitted a special re- port upon all children who had left the Workhouse during the past eight years. He stated that all had found permanent employment as masons, printers, servants, etc., and he wished to make a special mention of one boy who went away a few years ago to join a ship, and had lately passed as second mate (hear, hear). -I Mr Tom Parry: Another one also who left the House and .^ocured employment as a page at the Golden Lion Hotel, and afterwards joined the navy, has now been made a sergeant (hear. hear). Mr Cadwaiaer Roberts, in moving a vote of thanks to Mr Roberts for his gratifying report, said be thought that the Guardians should be pleased that Mr Roberts had taken such trouble in finding the children employment, and he proposed that a vote of thanks be accorded to Mr Roberts, and also to the matron (Mrs Roberts). Mr John Edwards I beg to second the proposi- tion, as I see that they are doing better than my children (laughter). The resolution was then agreed to unanimously. DR. LLOYD AND MR. E. P. JONES. The Clerk read the following two letters he had received from Dr. H. J. Liovd:—" Tvnvcoed, Bar- y mouth. 23rd Feb.. 1900.—Dear Sir,-It is now nearly four months since Mr Ellis Pugh Jones, Llwj ndu. thought fit to make the most untruthful and unfounded charges, which must necessarily reflect upon you as Clerk to the Board of Guardians and also upon himself for neglect of duty, inasmuch as he allowed my October quarterly account to be passed and paid without drawing vour attention to an item in my bill which, a month later, he de- clares be bad seen at the time. I read an account of it in a Welsh paper, and I immediately wrote to you on the subject. My explanation given then ought to have been sufficient to finish the dispute instead of occupying the time of the Guardians at eacli subsequent meeting. After my first letter, Mr. G. Morris Williams. Penywern. said he had also seen the name of Ellen Williams in a bill. If be and Mr. Jones were anxious to serve the rate- payers faithfully, and had done their duty at the time there might then. and only then, have been a chance of convincing them that they were both suffering from an optical delusion. Now, unfortunately, it is too late to try and convince them against their will. I do most positively assert that I have not sent in a claim to the Guardians for Ellen or Laura William, of Talybont, in the quarter referred to. or in any previous one for some years passed. I am sorry to be obliged to say that I consider this to be a trumped-up case of the worse description, and judging from the remarks made, suspicion seems to have fallen on all the officials. If I had bevn attending Ellen Williams. Talywern, Dyffryn. at the same time, and her name had been down there might then have been loop-hole through which these two might have a escaped, but I defy anybody to find any mention of her. Therefore, it was impossible to make a mistake. About three or four years ago, as Medical Officer of Health to the rural sanitary district, I was called upon, owing to an outbreak of typhoid fever in Dyffryn, to call attention to the insanitary condition in which Mr Williams's house was in. as I had to make a systematic inspection of the district. Ever since he has given me nothing but black looks, although by doing my duty, I may have been the means of pro- longing his life. Be good enough to let Mr Jones have the bill and the summary of accounts, and ask him to point out the name of Ellen Williams. Talybont..Whoever can do so, I am willing to offer £10. Mr E. P. Jones remarked at the last meeting that the Board passed my accounts on the 4th October, which was not settled until the 7th October. This was owing to Sunday intervening. I shall be glad to know what steps the Board intend to take in this matter. I am sorry to have troubled you with such a long letter, but after thirty years' service it seems strange that such unpleasantness should arise.—H. J. Lloyd, Tynycoed, Barmouth, 23rd March." Dear Sir, I am glad to hear of the appointment of a sub-committee by the Board of Guardians to investigate into the charges brought by Messrs Ellis Pugh Jones, Llwvndu, and Morris G. Williams, Penywern, two members of the Board. I hope the Committee will present their report at their meeting to-morrow, as they have had an extra month to find the bill with the name of Ellen Williams upon it. I trust your report (the- Committees' will be published as well as the important letter written by me last month, which was not read, as the matter was adjourned. I regret to find that two members should think so lightly of taking their oath upon a matter which never existed, and which they must. now acknowledge was a false one. Their emphatic repetition, vouching for the accuracy of the charge, requires an equally emphatic repudiation by the whole Board, as I am confident that the Committee can never report in favour of the assertions made by these two members. I feel strongly that my satisfactory length of service as well as the efforts of the Board should not be allowed to be unwarrantably slandered, and I trust that the Board will not tolerate such con- tinuous reflections on the medical officers they employ, but will make it known publicly that such false charges cannot be made with impunity.— H. J. Lloyd The Committee appointed submitted their report on the above matter, and stated that they bad examined the bills, and they believed they had found the bill which they were of opinion explained the mistake. The Chairman said that Mr. Morris G. William* had signed the report, thus aojfcowledglng the mistake. Mr M G Williams said he had made a mistake, and he hoped that Mr Jones had done the same. The only mistake he had made was in taking the name of Ellen instead of Elizabeth Williams. Mr. Williams on being shown the bills pointed out to the one he had seen. Mr. E. P. Jones said he felt quite sure he had seen the bill, and wished to know where it had gone to. The Clerk: All the bills for the month of October are on the table before you now. Mr. Jones said he had to belie. what he had seen, and would not acknowledge that be was wrong. Mr. Jones refused to withdraw his assertions, and the Board having accepted the committee's report, proceeded with the next business. THE CHAIRMAN'S RESIGNATION. The Rev. D. Hughes stated that as this was the last meeting of their financial year, he desired to move a vote of thanks to Mr Williams for presiding in such a capable manner, and also to propose that a similar vote be accorded the vice-chairman and the officials for their kind support. This was unanimously carried. The Chairman (Mr Charles Williams) in ac- knowledging, said that he had done his best throughout the year. He had been supported by all the members. They had been like a happy family, and he had never enjoyed himself more in any other meeting, There was not one Board in the whole county that transacted such an amount of work in so short a time. Mr Cadwaladr Roberts (the vice-chairman) also acknowledged the vote, and said that he also had enjoyed himself, and thanked the members for their support. a-, Mr W. R. Davies (Clerk), on behalf of thflP officials, further acknowledged in suitable termsJ^?
HARLECH. DISTRICT NURSIXG ASSOCIATION.—A public meeting was held at the Town Hall, Harlech, on Tuesday evening last, Mr. W. B. More presiding. The finan- cial report for the year was submitted, showing much faithfulness all round, the subscriptions and collec- tions from churches, chapels, and individuals being very satisfactory, the balance in hand having in- creased by £ 10. Mr. H. More lias worked very energetically, ana is to De much complimented on the results of the year s work. Mr. B. C. Lloyd, Brony- graig, ably addressed the meeting, and referred to the excellent work done by the committee and Lewis. The election of officers for the eniaing year resulted as follows :-Mrs. Holland, Caerdeon, president; Mrs. W. H. More, vice-president; Mrs. B. C. Lløyd, hon. see; Mr. Edward Griffith, hon. treasurer.
CORRIS. AMBULANCE.—At an examination recently held at Corns, in connection with the St. John's Ambulance- Association the following members being successful -First year—Mr. Robert Hughes, Craigiydon; Mr. Joseph J. Edwards. Second vear—Messrs. H. S. Roberts, Board Schools David Roberts, Isallt; Emoy Owen, Garneddwen; Peter D. Frazer, Greenfield Terrace; John Edwards, Glanaber; Evan Davies. Greenfield-terrace William Llovd, Glanrafon John Thomas. Third vear.-Alessrs. Evan Jones, John Jones, Upper Corris. The above class was examined by Dr. Hugh Jones, Dolgelley. The instructor being Dr. Rees, Machynlleth. COMPETITIVE MEETING.—The Calvinistic Methodists held their Competitive Meeting at the Board School Oil Friday night, the president being Rev. J. Roberts. The adjudicators were Music—Mr. R. Owen, A.C', Rhoslefain. Poetry, k-c. -Rev. W. S. Jones. Machynlleth Rev. J. J. Evans, M.C., Aberllefenny; Mr. rucnara Owen, tfronvgog. Mr. D. Ifor Jones, Post Office; Rev. J. Roberts (M.C.), Corris; Mr. H. S. Roberts, Board School; Mr. Morris Thomas, Mr. E. T. Williams, Tynyberth: Rev. H. Jones (M.C.). Mount Pleasant; Mr. J. R. Evans, Board School, Aberllefenny. Rev. Rhys Davies (A) and Rev. E. tiaac (W), Corris, Prizes were won as foilows :— ssav '■ Cyfiawnhad Mr. Evan Llovd Questions from Hyfforddwr, Mr. J. Lewis, Frondeg; Questions from Jaga, Messrs. John Hughes, and E. R. Morris Essay, "PechodauyTaiod Mr. E. Lloyd, Miss E. A. Williams; Essay Ifar competitors" under 21) Ma David Lioyd Questions from Samuel, Miss Mary Wood, and Mr. R. Edwards (for competitors under 16) Master W. T. Davies: soprano solo, Miss J. A. Davies; Alto, Miss M. A.Lloyd Upper Corris Tenor, Mr. M. H. Ellis, LlwTncetnJ: Baritone, Mr. H. D. Pugh. TV mawr Childrens' Choir, Corris Choir under the leadership of Mr. R. 0. 1 hrower; Modulator, Miss Delys Jones, Master John Jones; Miss C. M. Roberts. Master T. E. Hoberts. Examination (for competitors under 16) Miss A. R. Jones, Penobos. Standard V.—Master R. G. Davies, standard IV. standard III. Evan Morris. Recitation (under 15) Mr. M. J. Lloyd (i Berth yn LLosgi) Mr. John Jones and Miss Alice Hughes.
Printing quickly and neatly done at the •Welsh Gazette" Printeries, Bridge Street.
MEMOIR OF Principal Thomas Charles Edwards, D.D. In Thomas Charles Edwards Wales has lost one of the prime leaders and most active workers in the great educational awakening which has been wit- nessed in the Principality during the latter part of the nineteenth century. In the history of the Welsh nation, the last thirty years will be con- spicuous hereafter, not as the age when railways and mines were opened, and great wealth amassed, but as the age of the triumph of the people over the forces of prejudice and ignorance the age of the revival of the love of leaining. Far above all purely local or temporary facts must we rank that great educational upheaval—an upheaval which widened the thoughts of men, and gave to the nation new and. illimitable horizons, and whose consequence will endure and be felt long after the resources of the abundant material wealth of our hills and valleys have become exhausted. And in bringing about so profound a change' in the thoughts of his countrymen and in regenerating the Welsh nation, Thomas Charles Edwards was by no means a secondary personage. To-day he is 110 more, but he realised in his life the ambitious hopes of his boyhood, and, to borrow his own words on the most auspicious occasion in his life," he obtained for himself a niche amongst those who lived in former days and in his own time, who served not a party but a whole nation.' Principal Edwards had been in failing health for several years, and had of late suffered a complete collapse. At a quarter to two o'clock on Thursday morning last he passed peacefully away at Bala, in the presence of his family, and Dr. James Edwards, of Liverpool, and Dr. Williams, of Bala. The news of his death, although not unexpected, was received with every manifestation of sorrow and regret throughout the whole country.
BIRTH AND PARENTAGE. Thomas Charles Edwards was the eldest son of the late Dr. Lewis Edwards, the distinguished divine, and for fifty years Principal of the Theological College at Bala. His mother was the grand-daughter of the Rev. Thomas Charles, of Bala, one of the founders of the British and Foreign Bible Society, and of the Sunday Schools in Wales. He was born at Bala, on September 22nd, in the year 1837-a year of great events in the Calvinistic Methodist Connnexion, when the Calvinistic Methodist Foreign Missionary Society tsjas established. In the same year, also, the Bala college was opened. In February, 1867, he was married to Miss Mary Roberts, of Bala, a lady who proved a devoted wife and true helpmate to her distinguished husband. Mrs Edwards died in June, 1874. and was buried at Aberystwyth. They had four children, two sons and two daughters- one of the sons died in his infancy in March, 1873, the other son Mr Lewis Charles Edwards is in the medical profession. Dr Lewis Edwards was a native of Penllwyn, Aberystwyth, and was born at Pwllcenawon.
SCHOOL AND COLLEGE. Young Edwards received his elementary educa- tion at a Dame's School in Bala, and at a Boy's School kept in the same town by the late Rev. John Williams, afterwards of Llandrillo. We are told that the late Principal was sent when a boy to Aberystwyth to the school of the late Mr John Evans, schoolmaster, whe kept the Mathematical and Commercial School" in Chaly- beate-terrace. The Principal's father had him- self been under the this famous schoolmaster. The Principal then of course a mere lad, lodged in Great Darkgate-street in the house afterward occupied by the late Mr Edward Samuel, shoe- maker, father of Mr David Samuel, of the County School, and of Mr T. J. Samuel, solicitor. Indeed the latter has his office in the very house where the Bala lad lodged. The house was then kept by his aunt, Mrs Pugh, sister to the late Dr Lewis Edwards. The lad was full of fun and frolic, and we are told that traces of his hand writing on the walls of the house were clearly to be seen time after he bad left school under Mr John Evans. Before he was fully 15 years of age he was enrolled among his father's students at the Theological College, and among his contemporaries-were several young men who afterwards occupied important places in the Connexion, viz. the Revs. W. James, M.A., Manchester Owen Jones, B.A., and D. Evan M.A., Gelligaer. In 1859, he matriculated at the University of London, and gained the 7th place on the list in classical honours, a feat which was considered at that time a great achievement. In 1860 he passed the Intermediate Examination in Arts, and secured honours in English Language and Literature; and in October 1861 he took his B.A. degree at the same University, and gained the ninth place in honours in Logic and Mental and Moral Philosophy. In June 1862 he obtained his M.A. degree, and was placed second on the list in Logic and Philosophy, the first place being gained by the late Professor Jevons, who afterwards became an eminent professor at the London University and a well-known writer on political economy. Young Edwards was not satisfied with the brilliant distinctions he had gained at the London University, and he cast long- ing eyes towards the older Universities, and hia choice fell upon Oxford. This period in his career was however beset with considerable difficulties and gave much anxiety to his father, who at all times did all he could to encourage his son and to cultivate his remarkable zeal and ambition for learning. But the father had some misgivings as to the wisdom of sending his son to Oxford, whose doors bad only recently been thrown open to Non- conformists. Besides, was not Oxford as famous then as the nursery of the Tractarian movement as it was as a seat of learning, and it was not only Nonconformists that looked askance upon that ancient University; and, remembering this, there need be but little wonder that the anxious father consulted several of his friends in the ministry as to the propriety of sending his son to Oxford. Many of the friends were much against sending young Edwards to Oxford, but his father, however decided not to deny his son any educational advantages, and he sent him to Oxford. At first his chief object in going to Oxford was to attend for a session the lectures of Jowett and Mansel. In October 1862 he obtained an open scholarship of the value of Z80 a year for four years at Lincoln College, and this made him change his plans, and enabled him to remain on for the full course of four years. He distinguished himself at Oxford by taking a first, class Honours in Classics and Moral Philosophy at the final examinations and he returned to Wales with such academic trophies as no Nonconformist had ever won before. At Oxford, too he gained the abiding friendship of Jowett, the renowned master of Balliol, Mark Pattison, the rector of Lincoln, and Thomas Fowler, the logician and also of Stracban Davidson and Charles Gore, now Canon of Westminster. Dr. Jowett thoroughly appreciated the sterling qualities of the young Welshman, and ever afterwards took the liveliest interest in his career.
A GREAT PREACHER. In his younger days Thomas Charles Edwards was a regular attendant at the meetings of a then very flourishing Literary and Debating Society at Bala, and he and many of his contemporaries derived much benefit from that Society. He was also in his boyhood a devoted and industrious teacher in the Sunday School. He commenced preaching in the summer of 1856. In July of that year, a preacher failed to keep his engagement on a certain Sunday, and that Sunday morning young Edwards appeared before a congregation for the first time— not in the pulpit, but in the table pew-and ex- pounded the 4th Chapter in the 1st Epistle of St. John in a very satisfactory and appreciative manner. During the vacations at Oxford he acted as chaplain to the navvies that were constructing the Whitland and Tenby railway under Messrs Davies & Roberts. In recognition of his excellent services the workmen presented him with a hand- some gold watch and chain, and in after years it was known to his friends that there were but few things foe valued more than that memento of tarly days spent in good and useful work in Pembrokeshire. He did wonderful work at Tenby. He was ordained in the Llansawel Association in August, 1864, his uncle, Dr Charles, delivering the charge. Subse- quently, at the age of twenty-eight, he accepted a call to the pastorate of the Windsor-street Church, Liverpool, where he soon made a mark, and gathered into his chapel men of the highest ,eminence in those days. From Windsor-street, owing to the growth of his congregations, he moved to the Catherine-street pastorate, He was a man of very high standing and power as minister of the gospel. Principal Edwards was the subject of one of a series of articles on Strangers in the Pulpit," which appeared in the Daily Post in 1875, from the pen of Sir Edward Russell. It will be read with renewed interest now that the preacher's voice is for ever silent. The main parts of the article are as follows:—" For subject, Judas; for preacher, a solid, perspicacious, finely trained man of firm physique, at the age when maturity is setting its seal to sound qualities -a speaker solemn and deliberate, yet not heavy, full of thought that is never far fetched and never surfeits—one whose tongue is a probe that never fails to find the conscience-in aspect and in fact hard-, headed, but with a heart that palpitates with healthy feeling, and will not palpitate alone when men and women listen to his words. Such in a few phrases was our experience of Mr. T. C. Edwards, at the church in Catherine-street on Sunday morn- ing. No doubt the topic was in his favour. He said he would much rather preach about the be- trayed but it was clear that the betrayed, had got a strong hold on his imagination. That Judas had gone to his own place," and that this was never said to another man, affected the whole sermon with a prevailing tone of sad solemnity. His crime—its deliberateness-the one lust out of which it grew—the lacerating in- gratitude with which it was planned—the gross exhibitions previously made of the spirit in which it was conceived—his robbing the poor—the pro- bable course of his negotiations with the priest —all quietly and sadly, and yet indignantly, set forth, furnished a medition of unusual power, de- livered with a marked absence of effort, and an entire avoidance of exaggeration or false effect. Again and again the preaclier's words deeply moved his audience again and again his own feel- ings were seen to be equally wrought upon; but always—and this is a true mark of good emotional speaking the subject seem infinitely more poignant than either the words spoken or the feelings ex- cited. In manner Mr Edwards is so contemplative —he pauses to long (Binney like) between his sentences, especially at the opening of each new line of thought—that it would be easy to believe, were it not for the pregnancy of every passage, that his discourse is except in the merest main skeleton extemporised as he stands. There is not the slight- est embarrassment in his pauses. He is clearly not recovering words committed to his memory. If he is not quiety pressihg into the chalice of speech the inspiration of the moment-to beliave which would probably be to exaggerate even Mr Edwards's power of simultaneously producing and chastening thought-he is earnestly choosing out the best expressions in which to present a general idea previously fixed upon. The method by which any discourse is prepared is not a proper speculation for critisism, which ought to deal with the work produced, whether extempore or elaborately pre-arrranged, but some particulars are permissible in description, since the impressions given by manner as to whether a discourse is prepared or not, or how much it is prepared, have a great deal to do with the sensations it produces in delivery. To all appearances, it is the actual birth of Mr. Edwards's ideas on the subject he is treating that his audience witnesses as it follows wistfully the direction and play of his thought; and, no doubt, this adds greatly to the feeling of freshness which his preaching produces. The truth probably is that what he says is the carefully reduced essence of a great range of meditation. Practice and instinct have enabled him to divine in the study how much each point will require to be thrown into proper relief, how much each will bear of pulpit treatment, and to what extent each must be imited with reference to time. The result is a singularly natural discourse, in which all mere systematic analysis is avoided, in which nothing is said for the sake either of former elucidation or literary eepansion, and of which the method simply consists in successively contemplating several different facts of the subject, associated by an idea common to all. It The effect of getting rid of all surplusage would, no doubt, be bald if Mr. Edwards had not a faculty closely allied to wit-not wit of the mirth-moving kind (why the word should have this limited sig- nification at all is not very apparent), but wit in the sense of unexpected good things. There is no flashing of diamonds, no pretence of brilliancy; there is simply a steady, serious looking at the sub- ject, and then a sudden seeing and saying of some- thing that no one has foreseen and that everyone feels to be telling. This is the secret of almost all good conversation, and Mr. Edwards's preaching is good conversation in monologue, energised now and then, as all good conversation is, by strong feeling. This quality is helped by another-the preacher's vivid realisation of every person and scene that comes before him. He does not" word- paint." The very idea of it would be repugnant to a man of his plain strength and simplicity. So far we have been dealing with the describ- able. But there are two qualities of this powerful preacher, which can only be stated. The first is his extraordinary power of reaching the conscience by a tone by a mere microscopic puncture with the needles rf speech. The second is his equally not- able command over the feelings. To work upon them he does not leave the gospel narrative. He does not forage for illustrations. He does not tell the present-day stories or imagine situations in order to make you weep, and then apply them to some spiritual topic in the hope that by a sort of analogical sorrow you will weep in the spiritual region as you have just been weeping in the region of domestic drama. There is a good deal of this in Mr Moody and other successful revivalists, and it is allowable, for it plays on a natural suscepti- bilility of human nature. But Mr Edwards's gift is far greater and better. By a remarkable and in- explicable gift he makes the spiritual fact itself or the Scriptural incident itself produce a thrill and even tears such as preachers as a rule, can only obtain by side strokes of studied pathos. Without summarising the points of this sketch, it will be enough to record a verdict which places the Welsh divine amongst the most sterling preachers of the day. If he lacks anything it is ornament, but we should as soon think of calling a Welsh mountain unpolished, and good English, wholly free from vulgarisms, is never ungraceful.
PRINCIPAL AT THE U.CW. After a stay of over six years in Liverpool, he was called upon to occupy a post of great and unique importance, and for which no man in Wales or out of it was better qualified. While the late Sir Hugh Owen and other leading Welshmen were actively engaged in laying the foundation of the new system of education in Wales, the talents of the young man were marked by them, and when at last the dreams of many ardent and patriotic Welshmen were realized by the foundation of the University College at Aberystwyth in 1872, Thomas Charles Edwards was chosen as its first principal. For the ensuing 19 years—from 1872 to 1891-the history of Principal Edwards is the history of the College-and rare indeed are the institutions that have such a history of heroic efforts, and matchless devotion and self-sacrifice. Though Thomas Charles Edwards was not the author of the scheme which culminated in the institution, he was the creator of the college, and to him belongs the credit of placing it on a firm and permanent footing. He threw himself into the work of his new and important charge with characteristic power and energy, and the great success of the mother college of the University of Wales is almost entirely due to his personal efforts. It was a heavy undertaking for a young man, obviously calling for a long period of hard and anxious work, and offering but one real mducement the chance of rendering a service of first-rate importance to the cause of Welsh education. Thomas Charles Edwards was a dreamer of dreams; he was a man of high ideals, and, thank Heaven, he lived to see many of the cherished ideals of his boyhood realised-realised not by dreaming but by working. His whole life was but an embodiment of his dreams- Nicht trmvmen sollt ihr euer Lebtn, Erltbtn sollt ihr, was ihr traumt. The worker is no more but to-day what exquisite pathos is attached to his early dreams—long since living realities—witness bis speech at the opening of the College at Aberystwyth on October 15th, 1872. This is what Principal Edwards said on that auspicious occasion:— I am almost unable to believe it, yet it seems to me that the dream of my boyhood is about to become true, in a very extraordinary way. The yearnings and imaginings of our early years are swept away, they vanish for a time, but we find that very often, in after years, they are realised. I feel it is so with me. Ever since I can remember anything, I remember that the most ardent desire of my boyish days was to serve Wales (cheers). I was ambitious enough to hope that I might obtain a niche amongst those who lived in former days, and who live in our own time, who have served not a party but a whole nation (cheers). And when I was asked to preside over this College, I began to think, Surely this is my boyish dream beginning to come true (cheers), For that reason I deter- mined to throw myself heart and soul into the movement, and to devote the best energies of my whole life to the great work of bringing up young men in this place. I am proud to know that I come of a very good stock, I trn not only proud of being a Welshman, but 1 am proud of being a descendant of Charles of Bala—and I may be pardoned, too, for mentioning the name of my own father (applause). My greatest ambition, my highest aspirations, will be more than satisfied, if I can, even at a distance, follow in the footsteps of the distinguished men who have been before me and whom I see around me from day to day (applause)." Dull must he be of soul who can to- day read this touching address without being moved; and deny it its glow of prophetic truth. The majority of the noble band of workers who stood by the principal that day are no more; but among those who remain and took part in the opening ceremony we find the names of Aldermen J. F. Roberts, of Manchester, and Peter Jones, Aberystwyth. The Principal had but little en- couragement in the early years of the College, which started on its eventful career with only two professors and twenty-five students. The College was supported during the first ten years of its existence entirely by voluntarys ubscriptions. Altogether these amounted to about E60,000, of which sumt he larger part came from the working classes—the miners, quarrymen and farm' servants of gallant little Wales. For at least six years an annual collection was made in almost every Nonconformist place of worship throughout the Principality and among the > Welsh communities in England. In spite of the disheartening apathy of the wealthy and the noble, the Principal never lost heart nor flinched before difficulties. He had unbounded faith in the possibilities of the College, and by hard work and undaunted courage he drove its roots into the heart of the nation. About ten years after its opening- in 1833-an attempt was made to wipe out the college. The Principal and council has an anxious time and a tremendous task, but the country rallied j round them and declared with no uncertain voice | in favour of retaining Aberystwyth. The College was saved, and the Principal was allowed to continue with his work. For the fir four years the Principal himself undertook the teaching of four different subjects which are now taught by four different professors. Those subjects were, (1) Greek Language and Literature; (2) Logic and Mental and Moral Philosophy; (3) English Language and Literature; (4) Welsh Language and Literature. But this was not all, for we know on the best authority that Principal Edwards for several years j paid the Collge fees of 12 or 15 students out of his I own pocket, which meant an annual sum of from J £ 120 to £ 150. He also generously paid not only 5 the fees of many students, but also helped them J by paying for their food and lodgings; and he I; helped not a few long after they had left their alma mater at Aberystwyth. And it is no secret that there are to-day, in Wales especially, many medical practitioners who entirely owe their qualifi- cation to the fact that Principal Edwards helped them financially while pursuing their studies at London Hospitals. After a desperate struggle Aberystwyth College secured a common footing with its younger sister colleges at Bangor and Cardiff. Then, when its position seemed assured, a new disaster fell upon it. The College buildings, which within three years had been paid for, and subsequently extended and improved, were destroyed by fire in July 1885; but the College was burned down only, as its devoted Principal declared at the time, to rise, Phcenix-like, from its baptism of fire. Then began another period of splendid work and keroic efforts for the restoration of the College. j The Principal girded his loins for the task; he went on a mission through the length and breadth of the land to appeal for funds and support; he crossed the Atlantic to make a similar appeal to the Welsnmen that are scattered throughout the United States. He had a princely reception whereever he went in America, and his mission was crowned with success. The vast sums of money he reised enabled him not only to repair, but to enlarge the college. It was a gigantic undertaking, and the worry and anxiety it involved J left the Principal with a furrowed brow. The j nineteen years of life at Aberystwyth were years I d daily toil and incessant labour. Dr Edwards seemed to inspire everyone with his own singular zeal. Inside the college he worked his hardest; outside, wherever he went, he pressed the claims of the college upon his countrymen. And he was successful in both directions As with most great teachers, it was in his personal character that the secret of his influence lay. In 1891, when Dr Edwards resigned the principalship, the institution had not only recovered its lost ground, but had extended its borders, and was full of the promise of the good work which it has since done and is doing for Wales.
AN OLD STUDENT'S RE- MINISCENCES. There is one point in Principal Edwards' char- acter which was a noteworthy feature in him in the early days of his career at Aberystwyth. It is one which shows his great desire to influence the characters of the students over whom he had been placed. It is a feature which might perhaps be overlooked at the present time, though there must be some at least now living (a goodly number, I know, have passed away before their old Principal) who must have distinct recollections of similar events occurring during their undergraduateship at Aberystwyth. I refer to the custom Principal Edwards had of inviting one of the students to accompany him for country walks with a view of inquiring more fully into their modes of thought, their pecuniary circumstances, their future occupa- tion or profession, than was possible for him to aseeio tain in the lecture room. I remember being invited early in 1873, in the second term of the College's existence, to accompany him for an afternoon walk. I was rather young, and hesitated, and though at first I guessed and feared what was coming, when we had once set forth out of the town, I was quite at ease. His topic that afternoon was more or less of a religious character. He had discovered earlier in the term (having asked me on the subject at the close of a lecture) that I was not a full communi- cant at the chapel. And now, on our walk, he pressed the matter home upon me in a manner that made a deep impression upon me. He was in great earnest, and I felt that I was as a babe in the hands of a giant. I had always been fond of theo- logical books, and had early felt the enormous responsibility (even as I tnen thought) of un- worthily approaching the Lord's Table; but the principal's earnest appeal and serious talk settled the matter. Our talk was not altogether "religious," however. We had little talks about very sublunary matters. One problem we discussed at great length-the recollection of it has amused me thousands of times since: Given a house standing on an eminence, with a large prospect before it, does the railroad and a passing steam engine add or detract from the view?" I held that it added; the Principal listened to my anti-Ruskinian arguments, but would not commit himself, though be appeared to me to take the opposite view. The question arose from his pointing out to me the situation of Ardwyn," which his brother had then acquired, or was soon to acquire, for building his school. With students of maturer growth, the Principal in those days discussed deeper subjects, With a great admirer of Wordsworth, he discussed poetry of that Laureate and of the Lake school. With young preachers he talked about theology. There were no lectures after 1 o'clock or 1.30 in those happy days, and we had more time to ourselves than the unfortunate student of the present day has. It is worth recording that about 1874 the late Principal delivered a speech on Individuality of character." I have an impression it was a sort of inaugural address delivered to the Lit. and Deb." But I know that it was much discussed at the time amongst the cleverer under- graduates of Jesus College, Oxford. Can a good report of that address now be obtained ?