THE WAR. THE Government has made a terrible confossiou,-a confession that gives us a glimpse of the calamitous effects of the present war. We have been told that Parliament cannot give any attention to domestic reforms, the war has withdrawn its mind even from the mere consideration of those measures which should after all be its chief business. All the sources of national energy have been driven abroad to put a neighbour's house in order, to the utter neglect of our own. The grievances of the Outlanders are far more important than the deplorable condition of our aged poor, and the management of the liquour traffic must go unremedied until the greed and avarice of the dividend hunter has been thoroughly satiated-if such a thing be possible. Money that could support the famishing millions in India is squandered on the work of slaughter in South Africa. At hopae, social reforms have been brought to a standstill, and abroad, a priceless prestige is being forfeited. Britain has been the true and tried friend of small nationalities. But is thereanystruggling or oppressed people so feeble that it would wish at this moment to be championed before the world by England ? Who can estimate the effects of this loss of prestige The greatest advantage which a government can possess is to be the one trustworthy government in the midsts of governments which nobody can trust. It has been trruly said that English valour and English intelligence have done less to extend and to preserve our Oriental Empire than English veracity. All that we could have gained by imitating the doublings, the evasions, the fictions, the perjuries which have been employed against us, is as nothing compared with what we have gained by being I the one power in India on whose word reliance can be placed. No oath which superstition can devise, no hostage, however precious, inspires a hundredth p^rt of the confidence which is produced by the simple 9 yea, yea," and nay, nay," of a British envoy. What effect will the war and the 1 shuffling, equivocating diplomacy which pro- duced it have on India? Can they be expected to inspire respect and spread friendly feeling ? A great deal is being said just now about the loss of material prestige which our military reverses have brought upon us. We have thus lost, it has been said by a high authority, an asset of much value to the Empire. But the Bishop of HEREFORD tells us that there is another asset of even greater value, an asset of which highminded statesmen should be very jealous, that of our moral prestige, our good name among the nations, which the present Cabinet has sorely damaged by shielding and whitewashing Mr RHODES and his fellow- conspirators, instead of promptly visiting them with the punishment they deserved. Truly, a good name is better than great riches. If England is to fulfil her mission worthily, she must gird herself to do it with clean hands. We have been told, said Sir WILLIAM HARCOURT in the House of Commons the other evening, many lessons would be derived from the war-lessons in the art of naval and military preparation but there was another lesson which far more concerned the safety of the country, and that was not to exasperate by an arrogant and insolent demeanour those whom we desired to be our friends, not to abuse and insult those with whom we had differences, but to carry ourselves with that moderation, prudence, and self-control which befitted the dignity of an empire conscious of its own greatness and its own strength."
NOTES AND COMMENTS. Who is the patriot ? I Is he one who, called to conflict draws His trusty weapon in his country's cause Who, born a poet, grasps his trenchant rhymes And strikes unshrinking at the nation's crimes; Who in the days of peril learns to teach The wisest lessons in the homeliest speech Whose plain good sense, alive with tingling wit, Can always find a handle that will fit; Who touches lightly with Ithuriel spear The toad close squatting at the people's ear, And bids the laughing, scornful world descry The masking demon, the incarnate lie ? Thie, this is he his country well may say Is fit to share her saviour's natal day —OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES. A Coventry correspondent states that an important meeting of cycle makers has been convened to consider the advisability of recommending a general rise in the price of cycles. A circular issued states that the present prices are unremunerative, and that there has been a great advance in the cost j of material. This is only one of the manv I far-reaching effects of the war. ,¡ J The Rev. Z. Mather, preaching in the J English Congregational Church, Barmouth, on Sunday evening, referred to the war, and said that all the gold mines in South Africa would be poor. compensation to this country for what it had lost by going to war with the Transvaal. Those who believed in j Christianity could not, he declared, believe in war, and if it could be proved that Christianity favoured war, ho would never again enter that or any other pulpit to preach the Gospel. s Elsewhere will he found an announcement of an important meeting to be held at Lampeter on Saturday next for the purpose of furthering the federation of the Elemen- tary Schools in the Poor L'lw Unions of Aberayron, Lampeter, and Tregaron. The objects of the Federation are (1) to secure greater uniformity in the administration of the Education Acts (2) to raise the stand- ard of elementary education and (3) to take action in relation to any subject in which the Elementary Schools of the district may be interested. The applause which greeted Mr John Bonsall at the annual meeting of the Infirmary on Saturday was a gratifying rebuff to the person who never fails to find occasion to 'grumble. Mr Bonsall, who is the president of the Infirmary Committee, has been associated with the institution for over fifty years; and although he is now blind, alas, and over eighty three years of age, Mr John Gibson did not deem it proper to allow the venerable chairman five minutes grace he was itching under his fine sense of punctuality. It is one thing to be punctual, it is quite another thing to parade one's sense of propriety. It must have been very flattering to Mr Bonsall s friends to find such a full audience awaiting him. Mr Gibson knows what it is to wait for an audience. Speaking in the House of Commons on Friday Mr. Bryce said he saw difficulties at the end of this war quite as great as the difficulties at the beginning. We must go on. It was one of the curses of the position into which we had got that we could net stop. We must not only clear the two colonies of the hostile forces in them, but we must also restore pur military reputution and position. We must make our strength manifest to the world. We must set our military system on a proper footing, and we must also, he thought, see to it that at the close of the war there must be no state of things left out of which military troubles could arise. He thought that on these points there was no difference of opinion, and he yielded to no one in his admiration of the spirit of patriotism shown in this country and colonies. But when the time came for a settlement we must show a change of spirit, we must show in the future more wisdow and judgment and foresight than the Government had sbowr; in the past. England had in the past sho-rn not only a love of freedom but respect for rights of other communities, and it was in this way that we had attained to our present strength and greatness. Latterly things had changed. He was afraid that latterly we had indulged in, a haughty spirit, and had led other countries to question more than they ought to have done our regard for international rights and the purity of our motives. He believed that in a return to those better traditions by which the British Empire had been won lay the bebt hope of recovery so far as we could, the trust and confidence ef our Dutch subjects in South Africa, and of placing our dominions there as well as elsewhere on the best and surest j foundation. J Young Wales in Loudon is the subject of an interesting article by Phillip Sidney in this week's issue. The Sunday Closing (Wales) Act, 1881, tD Amendment Bill is set down for spfvrnd read- ing on the 29th of May. The 2nd Battalion of the South Wales Borderers arrived at Capeto. ^Lnrday last. The movements of the Regiment are being watched with interest in the Princi- I)allty. At a meeting of the Oswestry Town Council on Monday it was announcrd that the Local Government Board had refused to sanction a loan of £ 18,000 to enable the Council to acquire the Electric Light and Power Com- pany's plant Up to the present no date has been fixed for the member for Merthyr's motion for an address praying Her Majesty to express her disapproval at the many foolish and extra- judicial utterances made from the Bench by Mr. Justice Grantham. The action of the Governors of the Aber- ystwyth Infirmary in offering the use of four beds to wounded soldiers returning from the war indicates that the institution is managed by persons who sympathise with those who have to suffer hardship and privation. Pre- ference is to be given to soldiers from the district. This is as it should be. Mr. Vaughan Davies, M.P., is also making a commendable efrort to have the same princi- ple applied to the distribution of the war funds. A crowded public meeting was held on Thursday night at St. Martin's Town Hall, London, under the auspices of the newly formed London Council for the Promotion of Public Morality. The Bishop of London (Dr. Creighton) presided, and the attendance included Mr. H. Fawcett, the Bishop of Southwark, the Bishop of Stepney, Bishop Barry, the Chief Rabbi (Dr. Adlei), Canon C. Gore. Canon Duckworth. Canon H. Scott Holland, Dr. A. Lewry, and Mr. Compton Rickett, M.P.—The Bishop of London said that the present condition of London streets was largely due to this—that secret haunts of vice had been closed, public entertainments had been more strictly regulated, and some things which in the beginning of this century existed with the connivance of public author- ities bad ceased to exist. The consequence was that, bad as things were, they might be tolerably sure they saw the worst of them. That was a great step in advance. It was desirable that evil, when it existed, should be seen. The purpose of the Council for the Promotion of Public Morality was to educate public opinion upon the subject they were met to consider. The Roman Catholic Bishop of Southwark moved That this meeting recognises the. need for concerted effort to meet the organ- ised immorality of London, welcomes the. formation of this Council, and bespeaks for it the liberal, and continued support of those, who have at heart the social and moral well-? being of London." He said that everyonet who had God's honour and the welfare of the nation at heart must be determined to .do his very best, to awaken the national con- science to. a sense of the evil in our midst. In some respects we could hold up our heads against Continental nations, but in this mat- ter of the flagrant vice of London streets we had to bow our heads in shame before those nations. This they could do—they could see that wickedness was not flaunted in the face of those who were weak by their age or character—Canon Gore, who supported the resolution, said that if drink was slaying its thousands, impurity was destroying its tens of thousands. It was essential to anything that could truly be called human nature that our physical aptitudes should be brought under spiritual and moral control. Economic conditions, he pointed out, largely underlay the vice which they deplored, the miserable pay of seamstresses and others and the pre- cariousnoss of their work often compelling them to evil against their will.—(A voice You have hit the point.") A circular to school boards by the Education Department calls attention to a notice recently issued by the Treasury determining the rates of interest to be charged on loans granted by the Public Works Loan Commissioners out of the Local Loans Fund. The Treasury direct by minute of the 18th January that on loans granted out of that fund on the security of local rates subsequently to the date of the minute there shall be chargeable, in lieu of the rates of interest fixed by their minute of the 2nd November, 1899, the following rates of interest, viz. :—Not exceeding 30 years, 3-j per cent per annum; not exceed- 4 ing 40 years, 3-1 pez- cent per annum; not 1 2 exceeding 50 years, 3f per cent per annum. Dr. Treharne spoke on Thursday evening before the Cardiff Cymmrodorion Society on the necessity of having a scientific and up- to-daue history of Wales. Dr. Treharne contended that in the present great upheaval of Welsh nationalism they wanted their children to know the great names in the glorious story of Cymru Fu. They needed to give their national aspirations an articu- late voice, and for that purpose they must get the educational authorities to give prominence to Welsh history in all the schools. He said it was matter of great satisfaction to them to learn that at their next meeting, which would be held in Car- diff, the Executive of the Welsh School Board Federation would,seriously entertain this important question of teaching Welsh history in schools. Mr. J. Austin Jenkins moved a resolution, which was seconded by Mr. Charles Morgan, and unanimously carried, calling the attention of the Univer- sity. Intermediate, and School Board authorities to the desirability of including the teaching of Welsh history in the cur- riculum. Mr. H. C. Fryer, in proposing a vote of thanks to Dr. Morgan, the retiring house Burgeon of the Aberystwyth Infirmary, said they were all exceedingly sorry to use that word retiring. He did not think anyone could say too much in praise of the work Dr. Moigan had done since he bad held office at the Infirmary. There had been some few years ago a strong prejudice in the minds of people against going to the In- firmary as in-patients, although he knew of instances where great benefit would have occurred to patients going in. They did not like the restraint. In fact, they were afraid. Dr. Morgan had done a great deal to break Z5 down that feeling, and it was on account of the implicit confidence the people had in him that it was broken down. Now there were more applicants for tickets than there were tickets available. He thought this was due to the work done by Dr. Morgan, both to the in and out-door patients. He had discharged his duties with urbanity, courtesy and kindness, and he felt strongly the great loss they were sustaining in losing Dr. Morgan. He knew all would join with him in wishing him great success in his practice in the future. They were all glad that he was not leaving the town, and hoped that he would have many years to eajoy a lucrative practice among the people in whose con- fidence lie now stood so high."
Business Notices. REAL WELSH TWEEDS M AND HOMESPUNS BEAT THE WORLD FOR HARD WEAR TRADE MARK. DIRECT FROM THE MILLS. BOYAL EISTEDDFOD ABERYSTWYTH, 1865. gjfeg PRIZE HEDAI& 9BBB CHESTER, 1866. ESTABLISHED OVER CENTURY AND HALF. PATRONISED BY H. R. H. THE PRINCESS OF WALES, ALso NOBILITY, CLERGY AND GENTRY THROUGHOUT THE UNITED KINGDOM AT ø:-i/ Also Her Majesty the Empress of Austria. Guaranteed Hand-Spun and Hand-Woven from Pure Mountain Wool Only. The Monly RELIABLE MATERIALS for Cycling, Golfing, Travelling, Lishing, Shooting, Walking, ANI GENERAL Wear. Beautifully Soft, Durable and Warm—suitable for Ladies, and Gents' Wear and all Seasons and Climates. Also, Real Welsh Flannels, Blankets, Shirtings, Skirtings, Shawls, Carriage and ZD Germany. Travelling Rugs. Denmark. ASTOUNDING TALUE. ^Ark 1 HIGH CLASS TAILORING. TAILOR-MADE COSTUMES—A Speciality. Please mention Welsh Gazette. /?«yo»n/Tr ALL PARCELS CARRIAGE PAID. T PERFECT SATISFACTION GUARANTEED. Patterns, Price Lists, and Measurement Forms Post Free—with any range desired Postal and P.O. Orders, Cheqv,.es :-Made payable to J. MEYRICK JONES, LIMITED. ,G>R ARN*RJ* MILLS: I FACTORIES: IDEIS MILLS LION STREET ■mTjUV wSmM» v mSm% Wm^mw. FRONGOCH MILLS. I METRICS STREET. JUSKflBV U3SISISS^ a ADDRESS South Africa. J. MEYRICK JONES, Ltd., Royal Welsh Woollen Warehouse, Dolgelley, North Wales. :=- MOR 0 GAN YW CYMRU I GYD. MUSIC MUSIC MUSIC I NO PLACE LIKE ARN FI ELD'S,I DOLGELLEY FOR REALLY GOOD MUSIC., Old and New. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS of the Best Make. MUSICAL ACCESSORIES of every kind. Pianos, fiarmoniums, American Organs. UNRIVALLED FOR QUALITY AN D PRICE Branches at Barmouth, Pwllheli, and Towyn. POST CARDS THE NEW OFFICIAL SIZE WITH jp KLNTED ADDRESSE, 6S. 6D., 13, 6D., AD 8&. 6D. Per 1,000, ACCORDING TO QUALITY. Order.. ??"uld be sent to the WELSH GAZETTE" OFFICE, AB2SYSTWYTH. I —— 1900. —— ice rr u K Kk, w in r F"k J. RICHARDS & CO., Tailors, Drapers, Hosiers, Hatters, and Juvenile Clothiers MARKET STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. ATHLETIC OUTFITS A SPECIALITY. The LARGEST STOCK IN MID-WALES of Scotch, Welsh, Irish, and West of England ALL-WOOL AND SHRUNK TWEED direct from the BEST MAKERS. All Orders promptly executed and WARRANTED PERFECT FIT and best of WORKMANSHIP on the PREMISES at the Lowest Price Possible. SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO CLERICAL REQUIREMENTS, COLLEGE CAPS AND GOWNS, ALSO GRADUATES' ROBES An ASSORTMENT of Macintoshes, Rugs, Carriage Aprons, Umbrellas, Braces, Belts; also Men's and Boys' Shirts, Collars, Fronts, Cuffs, Scarfs, Ties, Gloves, &c., &c., &c. GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY. Å C a.m. p.m. p.m. p.m. p.m. ABERYSTWYTH Dept. 8 25 12 30 1 15 1 15 6 25 WREXHAM Arr. 1 42 5 28 5 43 6 47 10 26 CHESTER- IB30 5 55 6 8 7 10 10 53 LIVERPOOL (Landing Stage) „ 2B40 7 0 7 20 8 0 12 15 MANCHESTER (Exchange) „ 3B 2 8 10 8 10 8 37 WOLVERHAMPTON „ 2 13 6 0 BIRMINGHAM 2 3.8 Wednes- 6 27 LONDON (Paddington)- „ 1 5 20 days only 10 50 A THROUGH CARRIAGE for Wolverhampton, Birmingham, and London by this Train, and Passengers are allowed one hour at Shrewsbury for Lunch. B.—Via Shrewsbury. C.-Via Dolgelley. Passengers wishing to travel by this Train should ask for Tickets via Dolgelley when booking. PASSENGERS ARE REQUESTED TO ASK FOR TICKETS BY THE GREAT WESTERN ROUTE. Every Information respecting Great Western Train Service can be obtained of Mr. J. ROBERTS, 15, Terrace Road, Aberystwyth, or of Mr. G. GRANT, Divisional Superintendent, G.W.R., Chester. PADDINGTON STATION. J. L. WILKINSON, General Manager, ^MTD^rABERYSTWYIH.» ESTABLISHED 1834. M. H. DAVIS & SONS, FURNISHING AND GENERAL HARDWARE ESTABLISHMENT, 4, BRIDGE STREET. CABINET FURNITURE DEPOT:— 20, QUEEN STREET. MINING STORES & AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENT WAREHOUSES 18, QUEEN ST., AND 25, GRAY'S INN ROAD, ABERYSTWYTH. THOMAS POWELL & CO., MARKET STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. HOME CURED BACON, SMOKED AND PALE DRIED ENGLISH CURERS OF HOME CURED BACON AND HAMS, STILTON, GLO'STER, AND AMERICAN CHEESE, FRESH MADE SAUSAGES. H. W. GRIFFITH, BOOT AND SHOE WAREHOUSE, 7, COLLEGE GREEN, TOWYN, MER. Agent for the noted K" and Cinderella Boots. E. L. ROWLANDS, FAMILY AND GENERAL GROCER, LIVERPOOL HOUSE, ABERDOVEY. Choice Selection o General Provisions and Italian Goods, etc., always in Stock. NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS. Want of space has compelled as to hold over several reports this week.
DR. EDWJlRD 30D€S. THE town of Dolgelley is under a heavy cloud which casts its gloom over the whole of Merioneth and its deep shadow over all Wales, for in the death of Doctor EDWARD it has lost its chief benefactor and its most noted personality. The blank stare on the faces of the inhabitants shows that they have not as yet realized his de- parture, and time alone will reveal to them the greatness of their loss. For the last thirty years the life of the town sprang from him: every social activity and every move- ment for reform were centred in him, and his support to any cause meant its success, for he worked with a determination and energy that were equalled only by the clear- ness of his perception and the strength of his conviction. The feeling of helpless hope- lessness that prevails, at Dolgelley is easily intelligible to those who know the character and history of Dr. EDWARD JONES. He lived his full active life in the town where he was bora and educated. He was ever proud of Dolgelley with its scenery unsurpassed," and Dolgelley was as proud of him as of its natural scenery. Though an exceedingly busy man, as an acknowledged master of the medical profession always is, he devoted more than his leisure time and large sums of his money to the interests of the town and its people, and the extent of his self-sacrifice and generosity will never be fully known. But though an intense lover of his native town, his mind was of too high an order to permit any local interest to be- cloud his vision, and in the countless de- liberations in which he took part he never allowed a prejudice or his 11 local" sympathy to tarnish his general principles. He has fought many battles,always in the same way and with the same result- with a full confidence in the justice of his cause, and with success. As a debater he was incomparable and unbeatable. We never enjoyed seeing him so much as in the heat of a discussion in which he thought that an injustice or unfairness was about to be done. He steadied himself in his chair, knitted his heavy eye-brows, and spoke with a warmth of feeling and logical precision and a thorough mastery of facts that were unanswerable. A veritable lion when roused by an unfair argument, he naturally was the most accessible of men, while the constant merry twinkle in his eye was a proof of his jocular disposition and his quiet genuine sense of humour. The public positions be held during his life were legion,—but he never occupied aDy post for ornament and honour, but for work and usefulness. On some, honours are thrust though undeserved. Dr. EDWARD JONES honoured every position he obtained, and he was elected to office, not from compliment but from desert. Among other important duties he performed we may mention he was Justice of Peace for the County, Chairman of the County Council, Chairman of the County Governing Body, Chairman of the County Liberal Association, Chairman of the Joint Education Committee under the Welsh Act, a Governor of the County School, and of Dr. William's School for Girls,—while there is scarcely any representative council in Wales which has not benefitted by the wisdom and ripe experience of Dr. Jones. In his native town he was a veritable king, and director of its public life. In politics he was an ardent Welsh Nationalist, an out-and-out teetotaler on the drink question, and in religion an energetic deacon with the Calviniatic Methodists. His services to Welsh education have been invaluable, and the efficiency of the educa- tional system in Merioneth, and particularly in Dolgelley, is due more to him than to any- body else. He is practically the creator of the Boys' County School, while to Dr. Williams' School he has been a lifelong friend and supporter. To superficial onlookers, he may have seemed to falter in his love towards the Girls' School in recent discussions; but to those who know the relation of the School to the Welsh Act, he adopted the only possible attitude that a just, clear-headed man could take. To the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, be was ever a warm adherent—he came to its rescue in the dark days that followed the fire, and fought man- fully for its Government grant. After a life of such hard work, death is surely rest and peace, and great is his reward. But his work must be carried on, and we trust that Dolgelley and the neighbourhood will be inspired by his fragrant memory to proceed to the full realisation of his schemes. On a memorable occasion in Bala last April, when one of the greatest of the sons of Meirion was laid to rest, Dr. Edward Jones, in a speech that glowed with grief and eloquence, told the vast assembly to be cheer- ful, for, as he stated with a trembling voice, the world is governed and guided by voices from the grave." With the same trembling voice we repeat his words and apply them to himself.
A CAPITAL IDEA. SANITARY INSTRUCTION IN SCHOOLS. [BY DR. WALKER]. IT is none too soon to enlarge the scope of education, or at least re-model Lue curriculum, even in our elementary schools. There are no lack of subjects. But in these days of keen competition, both national and international, we must give the preference to the practical and useful, rather than to the ornamental. Life is too short to use its early and best years in acquiring knowledge, which is sooner or later to be forgotten. When we are dealing, with children in the mags, we must think of the many, rather than the few; and not, like the public schools and the universities, turn the bi-ight ones into scholars and the dull ones into duffers. It might bo wise to give the go-by to the time-honoured and no doubt valuable classics, in favour of the living languages, or even some more utilitarian still. At the Lampeter School Board on Thursday, Mr. J. ERNEST LLOYD moved the following resolutions 1. That, in the opinion of this meeting, the early recognition and prevention of tuberculosis, as well as of certain other diseases, would be expedited and made surer, were a rudimentary knowledge of the laws that govern the spread of infectious diseases properly taught in all schools throughout the country. 2. That the attention of the President of the Council of Education be drawn to the good likely to follow the practical adoption in rate-aided schools of the proposal contained in the first resolution. 3. That a copy of the foregoing resolutions be sent to the President of the Council of Education." The resolutions were, I am glad to find, passed unanimously. I call this refreshing and enterprising. I do not know if the idea is original. Though I have heard of public health lectures being given at school-rooms, I do not think the children composed the audience-. It has my hearty approval as a sanitary reformer, for nothing stands in our way so much as the impenetrable wall of ignorance and prejudice. A child's mind is like fallow ground, and repays cultivation; i but. "A man convinced against his will, Is of the same opinion still." There is nothing impossible in such teach- ing. The history of a germ; its mode of propagation; its culture before their eyes by simple methods; how the human body is the battle-ground of opposing battalions of bacteria; and by what means we can vanquish our unseen enemies might be made to read like a fairy tale. The study would be on the lines of true modern education, not cram, or fact recording, but the development of the powers of observation and of assimilation. I cannot agree with the part of the resolution which refers to the early re- cognition" of disease. We cannot expect to turn out experts from our Board Schools. Some of our young people are afflicted with that species of megalomania already. Diagnosis of disease is purely a medical question, and one of the most difficult we have to contend with. The recognition of infectious disease in its early stages some- times puzzles the ablest medical officer. He is sometimes compelled, for the public safety, to hazard a diagnosis in small pox, scarlet fever, and typhoid, before he has satisfied himself absolutely. In a certain number of cases he may make a mistake. Do not, pray, let us have a race of prodigies, who will all be infallible, and, at ten years of age, will gravely announce the arrival of infectious disease in the family circle. With the remainder of the resolution I am in full accord, and, hope that the troubles which I had to contend with, in the ignor- ance of the people on sanitary matters, is within measurable distance of removal, if this worthy example is followed by other Boards.