DOLGELLEY. PULPIT SUPPLY.—Bethel M.C. pulpit was filled last Sunday by the Rev. Richard Hughes, B.D., Bournemouth (late of Aberystwyth) whose able sermons were thoroughly appreciated. ILLNESS.—We regret that Miss Pritchard, the head mistress of the Infants' School has been ill for some time and confined to her bed for several weeks. We sincerely hope that she will have a speedy and complete recovery. SCHOOL STAFF.—After having an interview with some of the candidates on Saturday, the School Board appointed Mr. Peter Williams, B.A.. Dol- gellev, assistant master to the Boys' School, and Miss Ellen Hughes, Llanengan, assistant mistress to the Infants' School. Mr. Peter Williams, pre- vious to entering Aberystwyth College (where, in addition to the normal course studied for the Welsh B.A. and graduated), he served under the Dolgelley School Board. PREACHING SERVICES.—The Baptists have ar- ranged their annual preaching services to be held on Tuesday and Wednesday, September 26th and 27th, and the Hev. Charles Davies, Cardiff. and Dr. Owen Davies, Carnarvon, are expected to take part. OBITUARY.—The death took place at Blandina Place, Utica, U.S.A., on the 31st August of John M. Jones in the 72nd year of his age. He was a native of Carmel in this neighbourhood and emigrated to America in the year 1871. He was a highly respectable and successful farmer. He leaves a widow and three children. UNION CONTRACTS.—One of the tradesmen of the town has written a strong letter to a local paper protesting against the way the Union Con- tracts were let at the last meeting of the Guardians. Although his tender was the lowest sent in for certain articles, he did not get it, although he had supplied the same articles for the previous six months to the satisfaction of the officials He states that the fact that the contract was not given to the lowest will be a loss of Z6 to the ratepayers. THE AGRICULTURAL SHOW.—The Show turned out successfully in every respect. The day was favourable, and a larger number than usual travelled to Dolgelley with the trains arranged by the Show Committee, and a good number visited the Show, and the gate money was an increase on previous years. The entries were good, and the Committee are to be heartily congratulated on the general success of the Show. CRICKET. On Wednesday, the Dolgelley Cricket Club divided against itself, which we suppose is a sign that the season is drawing to a close. A match was arranged between the residents and natives, with the result that the residents won by two runs. The individual scores were as follows :— RESIDENTS. T. R. S. Furlong, b J. Williams.23 F. W. White, c LI. Jones b R. Williams 12 D. Oswald Davies, c D. Jones b J. Williams .2 Dan Williams, b R. Williams 0 H. W. Bromly, b R. Williams 2 W. E. J. Clarke, b R. Williams. 9 Dr. Richards, b E. A. Williams. 0 G. W. Kinman, c G. E. Williams b E. A. Williams. 0 A. S. Bull, b R. Williams. 0 H. R. Lloyd, c and b R. Williams. 1 Henry Jones, not out 3 Extras. 8 Total.60 NATIVES. John Williams, c Bromly b Dr. Davies 8 G. E. Williams, b Dr. Davies. 0 D. Jones, c Bull b Dr. Davies. 4 Ll. Jones, c Kinman b Dr. Davies. 0 J. Humphreys, c Richards b Dr. Davies. 1 E. A. Williams, b A. S. Bull. 1 R. Williams, b White 26 W. T. Brodie, b A. S. Bull. 0 Isaac H. Evans, st. Clarke b A. S. Bull 2 Edward Jones, b A. S. Bull 1 William Roberts, not out 1 Extras 14 Total.58
Business Notices. CARDIGANSHIRE CARRIAGE WORKS J. G. WILLIAMS, PRACTICAL CARRIAGE BUILDER, CHALYBEATE STREET, (Near Railway Station,) A 15 b It Y S T W YTH. NEW CARRIAGES of own Manufacture on hand, of Best Material and Finest work- manship throughout. Rubber Tyres fitted to all Vehicles if required. J. G. WILLIAMS invites inspection of works, which is the largest and best equipped in the county. PRIVATE ADDREss-13, BAKER STREET. J^MPOFJUM, rjlREGAROX. REES JONES, IS now showing a large assortment of LADIES', MAIDS' and GIKLS' COSTlJMES IN ALL SIZES, IX THE LEADING SHADES, AND OF THE JyYTEST STYLES, FROM I Os. 6D. UP FOR LAMES' SIZE. DAVID HOWELL, GENERAL DRAPERY ESTABLISHMENT, 33& 35, GREAT DAIiKGATE ST.. AXD 2, M ARRET gTREET, J ABERYST AY YTH. w ELSH J^LANNELS AND SHAWL, I CARPETS AND LINOLECMS. I w. R. JONES, WATCHMAKER, JEWELLER, &'■„ 32, Great Darkgate Street, ABERYSTWYTH. A large Assortment of JEWELLERY, in Gold, Silver, and Pebbles, Suitable for Presents, &c., also LADIES' AND GENTS' GOLD AND SILVER WATCHES. SPECTACLES AND EYE-GLASSES TO SUIT ALL SIGHTS. A Good Assortment of WEDDING, KEEPEB, and GEM RINGS. FURNITURE. FURNITURE. FURNITURE. J. L. EVANS, COMPLETE HOUSE FURNISHER CABINET MAKER & UPHOLSTEKER, REAT JQARKGATE s T R E E T A BERYSTWYTH. F U R N IT U It E, FURNITURE, FURNITURE DAVID WATKINS, WOIZKSHOP SEA VIEW PLACE. PKIVATB ADDHBSS CUSTOM-HOUSE STREET. PAINTER, PLUMBER, PAPERHANGER, GLAZIER AND HOUSE DECORATOR. CHOICE ASSORTMENT OF PAPER- HANGINGS ALWAYS IX STOCK. SHEET LEAD PirES, CISTERNS, &c., &c. I-IOLLIEI%L )gs COMMERCE HOUSE, JgRIDGE STREET & QUEEN STREET FOR FANCY GOODS AND CYCLING ACCESSORIES CAMBRIAN RAILWAYS. CHEAP EXCURSION TO THE ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS, BELLE VUE, MANCHESTER, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 25TH, 1899. Fare, There and Back, n e a .o\ e a\ Including Free Admission to A special train will leave the Gardens. a.m. Third Class. A special train will leave the Gardens. Third Class. Aherystwyth. at 4-35) Bow Street 4-45 M Llanfihangel 4-50! !">/■ Borth 4-55 | vl • Ynvslas 5- 0 Glandovey 5-10 J Children under 12 years of age half-fare. For Longsight Station, adjoining the Gardens; returning therefrom, same evening, at 9-20 p.m. after the Fireworks. Tickets not Transferable. BIRMINGHAM ONION F A I R SEPTEMBER 28TH, 29TH & 30TH. ON THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 28TH, CHEAP TICKETS WILL BE ISSUED TO BIRMINGHAM For fares, etc., see bills. c. S. DEXXIS, General Manager Owestry, May, 1899. SUMIER EXCURSIONS CHEAP EXCURSIONS TO SCOTLAND ON FRIDAY NIGHTS, AUGUST 4TH AND 18TH, AND SEPTEMBER 1ST, 15TH, Sc 29TH, 1899, By the direct route via Whitchurch, Crewe, Pres- ton, and Carlisle, will be run as under to *NE"WTON STEWART, *STRANRAER, •WIGTOWN", WHITHORN, CARLISLE, MOFFAT, ^DUMFRIES, *CASTLE DOUGLAS, -KIRKCUD- BRIGHT, EDINBURGH, GLASGOW, Greenock, Gourock, Helensburgh, Row, Dumbarton, and Balloch. For train times, fares, etc., see handbills issued by the Company. CAMBRIAN RAILWAYS. WEEK-END TICKETS are issued every FRIDAY and SATURDAY from all L. & N. W. and G.W. Stations in LONDON TO ABERDOVEY,^ ABERYST- WYTH, DOLGELLEY, AND BARMOUTH. Available for return on the following Sunday (where train service permits) Monday, or Tuesday. For full particular see small hand bills. CHEAP WEEK END EXCURSION TICKETS ARE^NOW ISSUED ON EVERY FRIDAY AND SATURDAY TO ""Birmingham, *Wolverliampton, Walsall, Peter- borough, "-Leicester, *Derby, *Burton -ori-Trent, Stafford, *Coventry, Manchester, Preston, Black- burn, Bolton, Leeds, Dewsbury, Huddersfield, Liverpool, Birkenhead, Wigan and Warrington FROM Oswestry, Llanymynech, Llanfyllin, Montgomery, Welshpool, Newtown, Llanidloes, Machynlleth, Borth, Aberystwyth, Aberdovey, Towyn, Barmouth, Dolgelley, Harlech, Portmadoc, Penrhyndeudiaeth, Criccieth, and Pwlheli, Similar tickets are issued from Aberystwyth, Borth, Aberdovey, Towyn, Barmouth, Dolgelley, Harlech, Penrbyndeudraeth, Portmadoc, Criccieth, and Pwllheli to SHREWSBURY. *Tickets to these Stations are not issued from Welshpool. Passengers return oa the Monday or Tuesday following issue of ticket. T H O U S A N D-MI L E TICKETS. The Cambrian Railways Company issue FIRST CLASS 1,000 and 500 MILE TICKETS, the coupons of which enable the purchasers to travel between Stations on the Cambrian Railways during the period for which the tickets are available until the coupons are exhausted. The price of each is £5 5s Od 1,000 miles, and £2 17s 6d, 500 miles being about li(I per mile. Application for the 1,000 or 500 mile tickets must be made in writing, giving the full name and address of the purchaser and accompanied by a remittance, to Mr W. H. Gough, Superintendent of the Line, Cambrian Railways, Oswestry (cheques to be made payableto the Cambrian Co. or order), from whom also books containing 100 certificates for authorising the use of the tickets by purchasers' family, guests, or employees can be obtained, price 6d each book; remittance to accompany order. C. S. DENNISS, General Manager. Oswestry, March 1899. Printing. ♦. POSTERS. HANDBILLS. CIRCULARS. CIRCULARS. PROGRAMMES. I INVOICES. BILLHEADS. MEMORANDUMS. BUSINESS CARDS. TIME SIIEETS. RECEIPT ROOKS. DELIVERY BOO KS. €be Welsh Gazette" Office, BRIDGE STREET & GRAY'S INN RD.. ABERYSTWYTH. List of some of the principal places where "Che Welsb Gazette" I is sold: ABERYSTWYTH. ABERAYRON. ABERDOVEY. ABERGYNOLWYN. ABEKLLEFEXNY. ABERARTH. ARTHOG. BALA. BARMOUTH. BLAEXAU FESTINIOG BROXAUT. BLAEXPEXNAL. BORTII Bow STREET BANGOR. CARDIGAN CARMARTHEN. CARXARYOX, CEMMES. CELLAN. CILCENNIN. CROSS INN. CORRIS. CORWEN. CRICCIETH. CWMYSTWYTH. CRIBYN. DOLGELLEY. DINAS MAWDDWY. DERRY ORMOND. DEVIL'S BRIDGE. DREFACH. DIHEWYD. DYFFRYN. EGLWYSFACH. GOGIXAN. HARLECH. LAMPETER. LLAXBADARN FAWR. LLANFIllANGEL. LLANFARIAN. LLANWNEN. LLANWENOG. LLANARTH. LLANDDEWI. LLAXGEITHO. LLEDROD. LLANILAR. LLANON. LLANBEDR. LLANGYBI. LLANYBYTHER. LLANDYSSUL. LLANBRYNMAIR. LLANRHYSTYD. LLANUWCHLLYN. LLWYNGWRIL. MACHYNLLETH. MINFFORDD NEWCASTLE EMLYN. NEWQUAY. PENNAL. PONT LLANIO. P ONTRH YDFENDIGAH). PONTRHYDYGROES. PENRHYNDEUDRAETH. PORTMADOC. PENLLWYN. PONTERWYD. PENRHYNCOCH. PENFARKE. PWLLHELI. RHYDLEWIS. BHYDFYDR. TALYBONT. TREGARON. TALSARN. TALSARNAU. TOWYN. TREFEIRIG. YSTRAD. YSPYTTY YSTWYTH I LONDON. LIVERPOOL. LLANDILO, LLANDRINDOD WELLS. MANCHESTER. PONTYPRIDD ADVERTISING CO'S BOOK- STALL. PORTH. PONIYCTMNER,
Lccturcs on Fruit Culture. BY MR. J. L. LICKAIID. The this course was given on Friday evening, by Mr. J. L. Pickard, when Prof. "u/ry presided over a well-attended meeting. Mr. Pickard said that Strawberries, if well grown, •would not only be highly profitable in the small ga rden, it would also provide one of the most a'-oerMub'e dishes of fruit in every home. Many I- aid, regarded really good strawberries as a lu.' /y only to be enjoyed upon special ocnarion: .0 others. unfortunately, it is a luxury difficult i' otain. Yet there is no reason why an von'; v i-even a small garden should r.ot be able to pr.;i.:u.-e and enjoy as delicious strawberries as are ei by their more wealthy neighbours; anit if t: of the garden permits of more being grown ti .ii. is required for consumption at home, there is r.irden produce meets with a readier or Bioro nro:i.)Ie sale than really good strawberries. ?..int of importance in their successful cu¡ti..a ill the thorough preparation of the ground in which they are to be grown. Straw- benin common with Hasps and several other varieties plants, have two separate sets of roots. Of<?• -;i \vnasthe anchor roots, run straight dc./n in'. he ground to a depth of eighteen inches or he ground is suitably prepared, while the otnc s •. spread out in a more horizontal dir- a ii.oh or two beneath the surface of the soil, and are known as the surface roots. In pre- paring t:;e ground, therefore, we have these two sets oe to cater for. and much of our future s;, cress will depend upon how this catering is done. of roots have each their special -wo in growth and development of the plant. There i-' probably no subject upon which gardeners < Liter so widely as the methods of cnitivati r fruit. These differences arise very larg'ily the dnterenr soils and circumstances of tho VD: "a s gardens, and it is useless to attempt to reduc O.'icm to one system of practice. Yet, whilst all advise touching the cultivation and m.vgenv::jt of fruits miis't be subject to many ere-'t'l modifications, there are certain tsnf" I'lnciples which every fruit-grower 'Hid which must guide him in all his opel Tlic object of all cultivation is to fur: ",to with the best materials and best Ci T.- j.i: advantageous growth. Plant food t, h; lie 1 and moisture must be conserved if ,;1 the best results from our labour ,a!, sUould always be remembered that th" J is the1 greatest storehouse of plant food, an first consideration should be to Rj tit. The application of plant food in if ) manures or other fertilizers must a!u: consideration, and it should i: r > -nuered that the very treatment which best ■ til -the natural food resources oi the soil, it. est conservator of moisture. This tie;. frging. Where strawberries are to 1,' > ground should in all cases be tp thoroughly broken up in order to alio- 10 eh ?v,late very freely through it, dit; .— vnward direction during wet her, or pward direction by the force of c. '.uring the hot dry months of early' \11 subsequent treatment will fail of 1, it the original preparation of the ç, on hasty or imperfectly done. In the t V". must make sure that our soil and hj<on adapted to the cultivation of the par;i;;ul. we desire to plant. In the second phi itself should be in good condition ■; •i-aato are set, as we can have no e: •: again ameliorating the condition of the '.i; e years after the plantation is ■ v> i ich enjoy natural drainage are pl" .u"' •/ I; :irable. for strawberries, because t'i'.fc iN;; •• .r v.■ wrrm and give up thuiv fertility easily, but boc~u.sc they also give us the earliest rip'-red 'nut. which is an important consideration in to.:so itive times. In pr the land for strawberries, all the fcr.oir. ought to be well considered. The ano-ior roo >, as already stated, will descend to a do-*1) c-t > ighicen inches or more ill the soil, thi. "or.. \ought to dig the soil to at the least this dept". f. ■" by digging we admit air, and allow ea: v the roots to the full depth they wish t, ic. search of moisture during the dry s; ■■■.■ i.. required by the roots to breathe; air and vvv'.• • arc required to dissolve the food cor.stihi; :d's in the soil, and to oxidize it into suitable .is for the plant, so that it is of the ul r: ost i ::n. stance that we should get a good y.j • air and moisture in the soil. Then 3"; v/i e se<j^ that a plant chiefly takes up iis ,iH.ins of the root hairs, and these hairs jm- Ti-ar the growing point of the roots, 1.1. r Vv-e wish these roots to have a regular s.v.pf.»ly c !7!.T.r: must put the manure evenly thfvigli the the full depth that we expect t.h' • ni> grow, that is to say, eighteen inches or t o If is also important, that every part of the soil; :!d be in such a condition that the roots may r-adiiy iind their way through it, and "V r yield up its quota of food for the Hust ina;. :■ the plant- Any lumps which the soil nay should he thoroughly broken up, if l- ftti ijccome dry in summer, roots will not per< J:rat o, and they supply the plant with r/d: n, moisture, they are in fact so much y. ■; •$far ha"e not advised the itse of farm v..iii v'TO fruit trees owing to its tendency to prad'jee i'^s-y and badly formed wood, but for stsfcwoer: i;xs it is necessary to use it in large qt;autilir provided the soil is properly drained. It should e nsed in a fresh strawy state, as it then adds filar in the soil, and increases its fertility by catching nitrates which are washed from the surface and it to the surface roots by capillary a; :1dion. and it increases the soib power orh ,JrJj, Kith moisture and plant food. manure should be given at the rate of twer y acre, that is, one ton for every two Irundrsd nr-t forty square yards, and this should be c!n..f y into the bottom layer of soil and to tl,o full d wo expect the roots to penetrate. It; addition o this scatter four ounces of Rape dust. and "1;" ounces of Bone Meal on the surface of f v .y .i:;ivo yard of soil, and if the soil is at all sardr a/l to i .vo ounces of Kainit, and fork ligri; v i1. top three inches of soil. Having got t no into thorough condition and well uianvrci', nx: cojisideration is planting. Augnsi is :(.' most suitable month for this work. Tho plainri-on should be made from the current years nan- rs of young, healthy, fruit bearing pi.-j.iit ""0 prove to be the best parents. The? • si. :>o well rooted, and if they have not beer peoi.dly propagated, they should be taken up with as much soil as will adhere to their roots. Thf rows should be thirty inches apart, allowing from iiwanty to twenty-four inches from row to row. Ca i .dd be taken to make the young plants very h. -n in the soil; if it is of a dry or a «andy ter, it would be improved by treading firmiy. Vf von the young plants are established t,h".y wiil •' ojin !o send out new runners. These should be "inched out as soon as soon as they are formed in -,Ier to throw all the energy of the youn r pl-i rt into forming strong crowns and sturdy leaves. If vae weather in hot and dry the plants will ho ben filed by copious waterings once a week. Tie- :ii:ter management of the bed will consist in mulching the plants each winter with long straw, or P-t-.h s; • aw.-y stable manure, keeping clear of weeds, an<! pinching out all runners as they appear, except si'n ii as are required for propagation purposes, and applying in April in each year two ounces of antral Superphosphate, and one ounce of Sui'hatc. i' Ammonia per yard of row, scattering it evenly between 111.■ rows and forking it lightly in to a depth of on inch or so, not more. The strawberry is one of the easiest of all plants to e. indeed it rapidly reproduces itself by young plar.is produced bv its runners. These may be citia r allowed to root into the soil, and then dug up and panted, or lavere(I in pots of earth by placing the yonng plants on the surface of the com- port and securing it with a stone or peg. A stone is t.es1. as it preserves a certain amount of moisture abound the young plant, and so enables it to root more nrfdlv. Another useful method is to secure tlv yonng plant to an inverted piece of turf, about two inches square. Both the pot and turf are bef i.er for Lein r partially plunged into the soil, as by I hi > rwans i here is less liability of the young- plant snlr'.—iiig front drought. By closely folio wing these simple directions, all who have a piece of available gi onr.d may have for themselves excellent and high quality crops of this delicious fruit. titrawliefrie.) are usually crown for three or more ,nl destroyed, bui it is rarely wise to remain any longer than three years, as after that ii., vln v are not certain to produce good crops <> fruit. Where particularly fine fruit ifs.'Vv-bed it is best in grew the plants on the annual sy-teni. Layer the first runners that appear on a productive bed,and as soon as they are well rootod transplant them into a well raised, well prepared bed or border, facing south if possible A pll'C n:¡wl trom which tne earnest crop of potatoes ins been harvested would be suitable, as this wouirl be clean and probably sweet. Allow eit;i»h or nine inches from plant to plant, in the row, and the rows one fool apart. The plants will produce a tire crop of fruit the following Siii 'tncr after which they may be chopped up, and tho ground cropped with winter greens. This sy.tem cultivation entails considerable trouble and but it returns heavy crops of choice des A».oiher ait that deserves greater care at our than b usually gets is Raspbtrries. When well grown Raspberries are ot only a favourite fruit, but also one of the most profitable crops to grow, and they should certainly find a place in every garden that has convenience to grow them. It is very seldom indeed that one sees Raspberries well grown. Too often they are grown in such a way as to reduce their fruit bearing capacity, and to shorten their lives. The customary practice is to leave all the young growths to crowd and smother each other until the following winter, when all the old canes are cut out, and the re- mainder cut to some fancied and particular height. Manure is then applied and dug in with the spade, masses of surface roots, and these are the most valuable to the future crop, are cut off in the operation each year, and the plants become weaker each successive season until they are almost worth- less. This is how not to grow them. An ideal flat of Raspberry canes would be one that had the rows planted four feet apart, and the stools three feet apart in the rows. These stools should carry sir canes each and be tied up to either a lath, or wire trellis, allowing six inches from cane to cane. The canes should grow from seven to nine feet high, and bear heavy crops of large and highly flavoured crops of fruit each year. By adopting common-sense methods this result is easily achieved, and with very little more labour and expense than are the disappointing results of bad cultivation. Not only is there more pleasure and profit in growing Raspberries well, but the fruit is of more value as an article of food. As a rule, small badly grown fruit is sour there is little pleasure in eating it, and it is not nearly so valu- able an article of diet as sweet, juicy, ripe fruit. Never has there been a higher or more correct value placed upon good and wholesome fruit as a source of healthy food than at the present time: and never has it been offered to the public in such great abundance, or of such high quality. Yet the full value of such fruit is not appreciated by all, and this especially so where children are concerned. But it is not in eating Raspberries that we arc im- mediately concerned, but in growing them to 'such perfection that they become a tempting article of food. The raspberry delights in a deep fertile soil, and plenty of moisture, but it cannot withstand stagnant water. Where water stands in the soil the air is excluded, the young root and root hairs get suffocated, and healthy growth of the canes is impossible. Before planting, the ground should be well trenched to a depth of two feet and heavily I manured, allowing quite as much good farm yard manure as was recommended for strawberries, breaking the soil thoroughly and mixing the manure evenly through it. This will permit the strong anchor roots to penetrate deeply in search strong anchor roots to penetrate deeply in search of moisture, and they will also be provided with plenty of food, at the same time the surface roots will be protected from stagnant water, and by carefully mulching they will be able to get a fair supply of moisture during dry weather from the subsoil by capillary attraction. November is perhaps the best month for forming new plantations, but the land should be prepared beforehand, in readiness for a favourable opportunity. In planting chose medium sized well-ripened canes with bushy roots. These are to be preferred to large gross canes, the former will produce the best canes for future fruiting. Many are tempted to plant strong canes in the hope of getting both fruit and good young canes in the first year. In this they are nearly certain to be disappointedi It is far better to get good canes first and wait patiently until the second year for fruit. The operation of planting is all important one. and care and judgment in the process will afterwards he well repaid. Having everything in readiness, the holes that are to receive the plants should be opened out, as previously stated, three feet apart. The holes should be opened a few inches wider than the spread of roots on the cane, and to such a. depth only as will bring the surface roots within two inches of the surface of the land. Never plant deeply, and never force the roots into a hole that is too small. We should never forget that the soil food is taken up by the roots near their growing point, and we should always try to give these growing points the best possible conditions. There are always a certain amount of roots damaged and broken in transplanting; it is positive cruelty to still further damage them by careless planting. The roots should be spread carefully and evenly in the hole, holding the upper roots in the hand until the bottom ones are covered with soil, then lay out a few more of the lower roots on this covering, and repeat until all are covered. By adopting this method the roots will be in closer contract with the soil, the newly planted canes will be held firmer in the ground, and when the roots begin to grow they will not have the struggle for food and moisture that they would have if the roots were left in an uncared for mass. Tread the soil fairly firm over the roots, and cut down the newly planted canes to within eight or nine inches off the ground, in order that their whole energy may be directed into forming good new canes for subsequent fruiting, instead of being wasted in the production of useless side shoots on the old canes. The management of an established plantation, starting in spring, consists of applying a dressing of manure, composed of two parts bone meal, two parts kainit, and one part sulphate of ammonia, allowing three ounces of the mixture to the yard of row and covering it deeply with rotted farmyard manure. The latter mulching is one of the most important details in successful rasp culture. It prevents the evaporation of moisture, and keeps, the roots cool during hot dry weather, besides pro- viding food for the plants during the period of their greatest need, when bearing fruit. All super- fluous growths should be pulled up as soon as they appear, leaving only six new canes to each stool. This gives freer access of air and light to the canes, giving them greater maturity and fruitfulness. Directly the fruit has been gathered in summer, cut out all the old canes that have borne fruit, and tie the young canes securely in the position the old ones occupied. In most cases this work is left until winter, but directly the old canes have finished bearing fruit they become useless, and if allowed to remain they only rob the young canes of the light and air which they require to thoroughly ripen them. In our treatment of raspberries we have been trying to get strong enormous growths on the canes, but these big growths are worse than useless if we do not get them thoroughly matured during the summer. When we speak of wood being" well ripened, we mean that it has stored up a lot of food for future use, therefore if we get strong wood that is not thoroughly ripened we cannot expect a crop of fruit. On the other band. anything we can do to assist the plants under cultivation to store up food, will assist that plant to repay our care with hea \;y crops of good fruit. Choice of varieties is an important matter as good ones occupy no more space than moderate ones, and to most amateurs the choice is a serious matter. To take strawberries first, some varieties are heavy croppers, but of indifferent quality, others are of exquisite flavour but eratic croppers, while still others are fairly good croppers, and of fairly good flavour. It is among the latter varieties that our choice should be made. Noble, is a heavy cropper and handsome fruit, but seldom of a sufficiently high flavour to place it in the front rank. Competitor, Royal Sovereign, Auguste Nicire, Waterloo, and Latest of All, would be a personal choice both for quality and a long season of fruit, though President, Monarch, Sir Joseph Paxton, Vicomtesse Hericout de Thury, and many others are splendid varieties. British Queen is without a doubt the bent flavoured strawberry in cultivation, but it requires such special cultural attentions that one rarely sees it well grown. Amongst raspberries. Superlative may be placed first, both in respect to quality and productiveness. The berry is conical, large and handsome, and is par excellence a dessert variety. Other good and well tried varieties are, Carters Prolific, Baumforths Seedling, Steels Seedling, and Antwerp White. Professor Parry in proposing a vote of thanks to the lecturer, said that he was glad of the oppor- tunity of attending this lecture in order to show his practical sympathy with the department of horticulture. Lectures, he said, would not only be given by Mr. Pickard in all parts of the seven counties affiliated with the College, but practical instruction would be given as well to those students who came to the College for short course studies in Agriculture. He mentioned that there were forty farmers daughters, and fifty farmers some who attended these courses, and he hoped to see them all inter- ested in fruit growing, and in gardening generally. He would like to see a garden attached to every home in Wales where good fruit would be grown, not so much for sale as for food, and especially as healthy food for children. Mr. Colby, Carreg, seconded the vote of thanks. A hearty vote of thanks to Professor Parry for presiding was carried on the motion of the lecturer, seconded by Mr. Weller. The following is the week's question. Describe the years routine work in a strawberry bed. Gooseberries and currants is the subject for next Friday evening.
Musical Instruction at the College. _.u_- END OF THE FIRST SESSION. The first course of musical instruction—vccal and instrumental-given at the University College of Wales, has come to an end. The closing meeting took the form of a concert which came off in the College on Friday evening. The course has been an unqualified success, both the in- strnctors-Jfr. David Jenkins and Mr. Bryceson Treharne-being more than satisfied with the results of their efforts. The number of pupils was an follows: Organ, eight; pianoforte, eight; singing, nine; violin, three; harmony and theory, seven; composition and orchestration, four. j The chair on Friday evening was taken by the Mayor (Mr. D. C. Roberts) and there was a very largs attendanse. The Mayer in the course of a short, opening speech announced that the course would be held annually, and remarked that very probably its scope would be enlarged. This was only intended originally as a sort of experiuien but it had been decided to hold, it amrnaJIy. One advantage in holding these i,ii was that the place had such attractions fm: jMmg people, who came th-re t-o spend t'seir holidays and- could thus combine pleasure with instruction. The Mayor asked Pi-iwapal I'rys, of Trevecsa College, to words, und be readily consented. He spoke strongly on the advisability of the country districts supporting these short courses, owing to the inefficiency M II precentors at places (If worship throughout tlw country, and also of those who played tk" i harmonium or organ in churches and chapels. A course such as this might keep them in touch with what was gningon in the musical world, and improve their playing. He urged tbat both lactations should be taught. A large; majorit y of the Welsh people, be said, were being taught m-usic through the medium of the sol-fah notation, but it was a important to learn two notations as it was to learn- two languages. During the evening. Mr. David Jenkins gave a resume of the work done at the College in connection with the course, and made an earnest appeal to the inhabitants of Aberyst- wyth and district to give a greater- support to instrumental music. There were two or three- places in Mid-Wales, he said, which they must I confess were more advanced in instrumental music than Aberystwyth, and he hoped this was only the beginning of a new era in connection with higher music" in the town as well as at the College. He ap- pealed to the people at large—especially the Welsh people-to go in more heartily for instrumental music, and pointed out that Sir Hubert Parry had recently stated that a larger support was given to good music by the lower and middle classes of such counties as Yorkshire and Lancashire than was given in Wales. They must not, be added, regard the present concert as a demonstration of what they had been doing but as an indication of what they were going to do in the future. A capital programme of vocal and instrumental music was gone through, the audience showing their hearty appreciation by the number of encores which they demanded. Miss Ethel James gave a y I delightful rendering of a Welsh song composed by Mr. Bryceson Treharne, entitled "6lwsn,"and in response to an encore she gave the same song in English. Mr. Ollerhead gave two violin solos and proved himself a capable manipulator of that peer- less instrument, being accorded an encore. Both Mr, Jenkins and Mr. Treharne were also the re- cipients of encores." Mr. Jenkins' song." Hcvenge Timotheus cries" (Handel), was rapturously applauded, but instead of obliging with another by way of responding to the cheers, he naively romarkerl that he would deliver a speech. Mr. Treharne's two pianoforte solos were masterful performances, and were vociferously applauded. Altogether the audience had quite a musical treat, and they were not slow to show their appreciation of it. The concert, it is hoped, will serve to create a more widespread interest in the movement in connection with which it was held.
ABERYSTWYTH I INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL. MEETING OF MANAGERS. OPENING OF THE SCHOOLS. A meeting of the Managers of the Intermediate School was held at the Town Hall, on Friday. Present: Mrs. Jessie William* (in the chair), Mrs. James, Messrs. C. M. Williams, R. J. Jones, and J* P. Thomas, with the clerk (Mr. John Evans), and the head master (Mr. David Samuel, M.A.) COUNTRY PUPILS. The Clerk reported that a deputation of the Governing Body had met Mr. Gough, who ex- pressed his regret that he was unable to hold out any hope of changing the time of the train now arriving at Aberystwyth at 9-40, in order to enable pupils coming from Borth and other places to reach school earlier. The Head Master v. asaskedjto take into considera- tion, the question of changing the hour of opening the school from 9 to 9-30, and to report at the next meeting. A PROMISING SCHOLAR. An application was made for a bursary on behalf of a boy named Tom Williams, who for the past- three years has been a pupil at the Llandilo County School, but whose parents had recently removed to Aberystwyth, in consequence of which he was deprived of his Scholarship won at the Llandilo School. A communication from Mr. G. G. Jones, M.A. (the Head Master of the Llandilo School) stated that the boy's progress had been remarkable, and y 11 his work could scarcely be excelled, and Mr. j Samuel stated that he also had a letter from Mr. Jones speaking in glowing terms of the boy. Mr. R. J. Jones moved, and Mr. Richards seconded that the application be granted.—Carried. MONEY WANTED, MONEY WANTED. The question of collecting subscriptions in view of the impending opening of the schools—October 26th-—was discussed, and collectors were appointed as follows :—Number one ward, Mr. George Davis and Mr. C. M. Williams number two ward, Mr. R. J. Jones and Mr. J.P. Thomas; number three ward, Miss Jones and Mr. Peter Jones number four ward, Mrs. Williams and Rev. T. Levi. Mr. C. M. Williams said the work of collecting 1. u L! u 1- _J 1- u ..I 1 ö suosciapuons nau not oeen TaKcn up tnoroughly on account of fixing the date of the opening of the schools, but he hoped all the promises that had been made would now be made good, and that they would be able to open the schools free of debt. He believed most of the schools in the county had been opened without a penny owing. Most of the managers were guarantors to the extent of E2,400, and they could not do anything till the whole of that was paid. The present members would have to secure a large amount cf additional promises in order to make up the amount required. Recently at Tregaron, a thinly populated and comparatively poor district, they opened a school free of debt, and what was required at Aberystwyth was that they should take the matter up thoroughly, and then there would be no difficulty in getting the money. Now having fixed upon the opening day, and having regard to what the school had done in the past there would be no difficulty whatever in getting a large number of additional promises. He thought they might all feel proud of the fine block of buildings they had got-it was one of the finest in all Wales. The pupils too, were increasing from term to term, and looking at the report they had every reason to congratulate themselves on the work the school had done, notwithstanding the disparaging remarks made by some individuals. The best test was the report of the examiners and if the Governors took up the matter thoroughly there would be no difficulty in getting in all the money. The Chairman expressed a hope that the Governors would make a united effort. Mr. C. M. Williams, alluding to the country districts, said they ought to ask Mrs. James and Mr. Richards to do something. The country districts, he said, bad not done hardly anything, the town having had to bear the whole burden so far. Mrs. James But this is really a town district. Mr. Williams: But having regard to the large number of country pupils, and the advantages they derive, there should be a special effort on their part, even if people gave only small amounts like they did at Tregaron, El and E2. But taking the country people round here, they don't seem to take much interest in it. Mr. Richards said they must remember that country people had not been canvassed as they had been canvassed in the town. They were not sure they would not give. Mr. Williams I am sure they will give, Mr. R. J. Jones: How are they going to be approached? Mr. Richards Mrs. James and I can't cover the whole ground. Mrs. James: Some think there ought to be an entertainment got up. -1 Air. Jones: Are you all good singers (laughter). The Clerk mentioned that so far the majority of pupils were from the country districts. Mr. Richards: A good sum will be got from the country if the people are canvassed. Mr. R. J. Jones suggested that circulars should be sent out. Mr. Richards There ought also to be a financial statement showing wlierq we stand. Mrs. James: And supposing you add that the majority of scholarships have been won by country pupils. That's a fact, you know. Mr. Jones agreed that it would be a good way of approaching the people to show their financial position. Eventually it was decided to send out circulars. OPENING CEREMONY. The Clerk intimated that of those who had been I invited to be present at the opening ceremony on October 26th he had received favourable replies from Mr. Vaughan Davies, M.P., Principal Roberts, the Mayor (Mr. D. C. Hoberts). the Lord-Lieutenant of the County, and Sir James Szlumper. Principal nebb (Lampeter) wrote that he might be able to attend. The Clerk suggested, in view of the difficulty that had recently been experienced in forming a quorum, that a Committee be appointed to make the necessary arrangements for the opening cere- mony, and that any number that might attend should be a quorum with full power to act, and incur an expenditure up to a certain amount. Mr C. M. Williams said as there were so many matters to be consideredr and all the members raight have excellent suggestions to make, be would propose that all the memben be constituted into a Committee to make the necessary arrangements, three to be a quorum. This was agreed to, two to form a quorum. Mr. Williams said in jusrrc ;.> themselves as ouplir to let it 1,1 known that it was not t«r ivaiit interest in th* meetings that they lailen (D AfM-in a quorum on t\\d occasions recently, 1.)II! W c:te some members Wt'l' on their holidays, and l ur twu wi re called away suddenly.
"MABON" AT ABER- YSTWYTH. 1 ■ Abraham, M.P., (Habon) occupied the pulpit at the English Weslej-ar.'Chapel, Queen's Road, o £ Sunday. There were crowded coa-gsea'a- tioris both morning and evening,, and the :hon. member's-discourses were much apvireciated- Oil evening, Mabon rave a lecture in the same church on "The ihitnh Parliament." l !u- attendance was small. 1 tit- Jhyor (Mr. D. C. Roberts) who presided, remarked, in- opening that ii wo rid be- deeply ,nu-K -■ ing to listen to the ie;pi■ e-o- ens of one who had been, a member of Parliament for 14 years. Some of tjiem perhaps wanted one of those houses mended—some went so far as to advocate that it should be ended—but in spite of that th-ey all felt very proud of the British Parliament. They all felt that their legislative assembly was the greatest of any in the world, and when they heard what had Lately occurred among their neighbours across th* Channel, they must all feel glad that they were under such a Parliament. The Mayor went on to describe "Mabon" as a man of many parts. As one of the labour leaders of South Wales he had taken part in man:, unfortunate disputes in the coal trade, and they knew with what tact and wisdom he had led the-men in times of difficulty and trial. There were times when the interests of capital and labour clashed, and whilst Mr. Abraham had manfully fought for the just 1 ;].. J:: J.- 1- UEMANUIR Ul uie men ne Had always been ready to effect any reasonable settlement to. avoid strikes, and had gained the respect and esteem of both employers ana employed (applause).. Mabon," on ascending the pulpit, was greeted with applause. Having quietly placed the Bible on one side, he naively remarked that he was a monoglot Welshman, and had a great difficulty in speaking in a foreign tongue. He was there not as William Abraham, M.P. but as Mabon, Miners' Agent." He preferred to be known in that way. The speaker, having traced the origin of the 11 t British Parliament, passed on to deal with the three estates of the realm. He-nut in » 0"1 -a"yrrl 1. M'J'vo..4. '1''1' V.L"'I. for the Queen. Here you have a woman against whom no one can raise his voice. No one can say she has ever acted indiscreetly, that she has ever caused a war, or that she ever delayed making peace, and we all ought to say Long- live the Queen. in dealing with the House of Lords the hon. member had a dig at the Bishops. The people, he said, had a right to expect that all just causes should be not only supported but initiated by the Lords Spiritual," but history was against them. Not only had they failed to initiate the real causes of the people 'but when other people did so they opposed them. He advocated that the House of Lords should be composed of men elected for their merit. The qualifications of a Lord should include education, honour and adaptation for legislative work. In dwelling on the House of Commons he re- marked amid applause that a man's position in life was not a barrier against his getting there. When he went into the House first he looked about for a place to hang his coat. What is it you want sir?" asked a little man. "I should like to know where to hang this coat." he replied. What's your name sir ?" William Abraham." Ah there are two William Abral a-rs htr h¡9_h ,,1'1 }wm "> "l.I. 1.oIl, <LC:; you" Oh! I am a M elshman." Take the first iwg then" (laughter and applause). He had a right to the second peg because he was William Abraham, but because he was William Abraham the W elshman he had a right to the first peg (hear, hear). He proceeded to describe the Houses of Parliament internally and externally, and pro- cedure in the House of Commons. The opening prayer recited by Canon Farrer he described as one of the most beautiful compositions imagin- able." It was a terrible job he said to catch hold of the speaker's eye, especially if he did not want them to catch hold of it. Describing the ladies' gallery he said ladies tvl^e caged up in an iron c £ ige, but they had the b*st place as thev always had everywhere (laught.-y). He had known some of the ladies clap because there was no one there to keep them in order (laughter). He alluded to the loss sustained by the death of Mr. Gladstone. There was no one living now that could equal the old man in winding up a debate on the second reading of a bill, and the power he exercised was marvellous. In conclusion he put in a strong word for the Miners' Eight Hours' Bill, and resumed his seat amid applause. A vote of thanks was passed to the Mayor for presiding and to Mabon for his lecture, the meet- ing closing with the benediction.