UNIVERSAL CONDEMNATION OF THE VERDICT. Captain Dreyfus after a trial lasting twenty-nine days was found guilty by five judges to two, with extenuating circum- stances, and was sentenced to ten years imprisonment. Notice of appeal has been given. The verdict is universally con- demned by the European and American Press. Sympathy with Captai- Dreyfus and horror at the injustice and inhumanity of the Rennes verdict found forcible expression in various forms in London. In the French quarter there were conflicts between Drey- fusards and anti-Dreyfusards, the latter largely predominating. Popular English opinion was expressed from the principal London pulpits. The trial of Captain Dreyfus for selling information to a foreign Power was brought to a close on Saturday (the twenty-ninth sitting), when the Court-martial at Rennes decided by five votes to two that the prisoner was guilty, but with extenuating circumstances." He was accordingly sen- tenced to ten years' imprisonment. The prisoner received the announcement with quiet fortitude, but Me. Demange, his counsel, who concluded an eloquent and powerful speech for the defence an hour or "two before, was bathed in tears, and most of those present were deeply affected. Captain Dreyfus subsequently signed an appeal, which has been forwarded to Paris. The verdict is universally condemned out- side France, where the more respectable portion of the Press is also strongly opposed to the decision of the Court-martial, as being entirely unsupported by the weight of evidence. Proposals are made in the United States, Austria and Italy to boycott the Paris Exhibition, as a protest against this Judicial crime. At seven on Saturday morning, rennes I "was like a city in a state of siege. Soldiers Were everywhere. On the large open place opposite the post office, on all the bridges, at the corners of all streets were soldiers, horse and foot, thickly interspersed with the blue and white uniforms of the gendarmes. Round the court itself were three times the usual numbers keeping back hundreds of people who had tried, and tried in vain, to gain admission. The court was packed with detectives of every kind. The Ministry of the Interior had taken every precaution. I The Press and public were hemmed in oy gendarmes and soldiers, and almost every lllember of the Press had one or more detectives of some sort near him. M. Coupois, the clerk of the court, stated that Dreyfus would have to work out his full ten years, dating from the day of degradation. This opinion, however, is in direct contradiction to that of Mes. Demange and Mornard, and that M. Coupois, who knows less law, is probably wrong. In the opinion of Me. Mornard, the Court of Cassation lawyer, the five years already spent on the Devil's Island may be con- sidered as counting double, in which case on October 25, five years from the date of his arrest, Dreyfus will be free. Other lawyers are of the contrary opinion, and think that the five years on the Devil's Island can only count as five. In either case, except in the possible event of his being pardoned, he will probably be taken in about a week to Corte, in Corsica, to undergo sentence. As to the degradation to which, according to the strict letter of the law, he is also condemned, this "Will probably be remitted altogether owing to the extenuating circumstances mentioned 1n the verdict. Dreyfus first heard of his being again condemned from Me. Labori, accompanied by his secretaries, Maitres Hild and Monira. This was before the formal reading of his Condemnation, which was performed shortly afterwards before the guard assembled under arms. The prisoner was in the little room Contiguous to the court when Me. Labori came up to him. Me. Demange, tired and Unstrung by his exertions, had left it to his Colleague to fulfil the painful mission. You are condemned," murmured Me. ■Labori, embracing Dreyfus, you are con- demned to transportation, but you will not go back to the Devil's Island," and then, as be tore himself from the embrace of his advocate and shook hands with him and his Secretaries, Dreyfus simply replied without ally trace of emotion, "Console my wife." A few minutes afterwards the clerk of the 'Court read the judgment out to him. Mine. Dreyfus is declared to have received the "lenvs with resignation and courage. M. Dema nge concluded his eloquent speech with the following fine peroration :— Gentlemen, I ask of you only one thing, and 'that is, at this moment to cast one more backward glance. Remember what the prisoner was on Devil's Island. Remember how for five vears this man, despite the most horrible sufferings, notwithstanding the 1110-it cruel torture, never was for a single foment alone. A guard was with him night and day. Night or day, lie was never allowed to exchange a syllable with a fellow- creature. I am not speaking of the torture Of his being placed in irons—I am speaking f the terrible mental torture to which he subjected. Well, gentlemen, the spirit ^hieh these sufferings, and these tortures, ..could not curb, that spirit which remained 'Proud and high, I ask you, is it that of a traitor ? I ask you if it is not that, of a loyal lld true soldier. 1 ask you if the man, who has only lived for his children, that they ^ay bear an honoured name this man here, "Who has the cult of honour for his family, I ask you if you can believe him to be a villain and a traitor to his mother country ? -yo, I have no need to proclaim his bllnocence. I say that your verdict will not e a condemnation, for you have been ^lightened. The judges of 1894 had not been so enlightened. They had not before them Esterhazv's writing, but you have it- that is the conducting wire. Ah God has Permitted you, gentlemen, to have it. 11 My t:tsk is now accomplished. It is for you to do yours. 1 pray God (exclaimed Counsel, lifting his arms towards heaven), I pray God that you will restore to our France the concord of which she has so much need," When he uttered the closing sentence of his speech there, WMS a prolonged movement in Court.
THE CIVILISED WORLD AGHAST." PRESS orixioxs The condemnation of Dreyfus has pro- duced a painful impression on the Continent. It is regarded as a great misfortune for France, and the Paris Exhibition is looked Upon as doomed. The general opinion is that a period of anarchy is about to begin in France. The news of the verdict was received at the Vatican with deep regret. Several journals made the announcement in bands of mourning. The following passage will give an idea of the extent public opinion is scandalised by the trial at Rennes. It is taken from the Chronique," an influential Belgian paper, moderate liberal in tone :—" For in truth it is not the narrow Court at Rennes, but the troubled conscience of Europe and the entire ),orId, transformed into one jury, which has followed day by day the martyr's innocence, and the futility and tix-aeliery of the accusation. This solidarity of the universe of humanity, rent by this four weeks' agony, proclaims and cries out to Fi-ance-Fi-,t,ilee soiled and dishonoured by a handful of scoundrels who have terrorised and played her false, who have not succeeded in bringing a shadow of proof against Dreyfus—that the civilised world is aghast and horrified at the spectacle of a nation which has shown such persistence in violating justice, in defying truth, in stifling the light in a flood of hatred and falsehood. For the first time since civilisation made this fair country its land of choice the nations seem ashamed to declare themselves in brotherhood with those who dwell there The verdict has sent throughout the civilised world a shudder of horror, indigna- tion, and pity. There is no such peril in any land as the fact that, under the shield of its laws, the innocent are unsife. Tin?,es, New York. French officers have in the name of France spat in the face of justice. Will France sustain them or will she repudiate them ? The nations of the world wonder and wait and watch. France is at the btr,-IForld, New York. The judges must have known that their verdict was a lie and a scandalous abuse of their judicial power. They have deliberate- ly condemned a fellow-officer whom they know to be innocent, and they have eter- nally branded themselves as scoundrels and traitors in the worst sense of the words. The verdict delivered at Rennes will send a thrill of horror through every upright man, and will cause France and the French to be abhorred and despised wherever truth and justice are held in esteem.—xYeue Freie Presse, Vienna.
THE TRANSVAAL. The Transvaal Government has issued an official statement, and have informed Mr. Conyngham Greene accordingly, that by their last dispatch they distinctly intend to accept the British invitation for the appoint- ment of a Joint Commission to inquire into the new franchise law. The mistaken inter- pretation placed upon their dispatch arose through the somewhat vague language employed, and the confusion of ideas be- I tween the Joint Commission and the proposed Conference. Both President Kruger and General Joubert have declared themselves determined to work for a peace- ful settlement. Dr. Reitz has issued an official statement to the effect that the Transvaal Government considers that three courses were put forward in Mr. Chamber- lain's communications 1. The appointment of a Joint Cominmion of Inquiry. 2. The appointment of a Commission of dele- gates selected by both Governments to discuss technicalities. 3. The arrangement of a conference at Cape Town. The Transvaal Government now agrees to the second of these proposals, and invites the Imperial Government to define the constitution of the Commission, and to name the place of meeting. The Transvaal Government is about to issue a Blue-book showing the exaggerations in the charges made by the discontented among the Outlanders. There is an exodus even from the Orange Free State, several families of Bloemfontein having left for the Cape. Arms and ammunition are still being distributed to the Free State burghers. There seems little doubt the Free State will assist the Transvaal by arms if necessary, and that will tend to help the British general, as the best line of advance on the South Africian Republic is undoubtedly through the Orange territory, which would have to be respected if neutral. The troops going to the Cape from England, from the Mediterranean and from India, will begin to btart next week, it being impossible to get transport ready before. Trade is suffering not only in the Transvaal but at the Cape, an unprecedentedjnumber of bankrupts being gazetted there on Saturday. In Pretoria itself retail credit is being refused, and people, not of the poorest classes only, are said to be actually suffering from starvation. If this is the budding, what will the after- math be ? Crowds gathered in the big towns in the Transvaal on Saturday, expecting an ulti- matum. The trains arriving at Cape Town were crowded with refugees from the Rand, three hundred miners being in one train. A woman was confined dUIlÏLlg the journey. Terror and confusion reign at the Johannes- burg stations. A extl aordinary feature of the exodus is that it is overwhelmingly British. It appears that a report was spread that Messrs Ecksteins had received a CM hie that negotiations has ceased. The firm having removed their books and dis- missed their employees, a panic followed and still continues. Dozens of miners state that they would refuse to fight the Boers. The miners do not desire the franchise, the majority being Germans, French and Scandi- navians. Many Americans and Australians refuse to depart, and if enfranchised will assist the Boers. Unconnected Rhodesian groups continue working. The Outlander newspapers are dismissing their employees wholesale. Four trains arrived at Cape Town on Sunday bringing 400refugees from Johannes- burg. Reports from Durban give similar accounts, 2,000 having arrived there last week, assisted by the Relief Committee of Johannesburg. The Netherlands Railway officials have received notice to hold them- selves in readiness to guard the railway. In the event of war the Italian residents have decided to remain neutral. A meeting of Dutch subjects was held in Johannesburg, 0) when it was resolved to express sympathy with the Transvaal, and to support the country in any way that might be required of them. The meeting also thanked the Volksraad for the position taken up by it, and trusted that a stop would be put to the uncertain position in which the country and the people were situated. Lord Wolseley was in attendance at the War Office on Saturday shortly after ten o'clock, and was joined by General Sir George White, Quartermaster General, who has completed supply and transport arrange- ments for an army corps in case one should be sent out. The Earl of Erroll sub- sequently had an interview with Sir Evelyn Wood. Colonel Beckett, Deputy Director General of Ordnance, leaves for Cape Town on Saturday. Major A dye, of the Adjutant General's Department has arrived at Port Elizabeth on special service. The financial and pay arrangements for South Africa were completed on Saturday. Mr. Goschen called to consult as to the arrangements for the troops to the Cape. Colonel Sir C. E. H. Vincent, M.P., commanding the Queen's Westminster Volunteers, has made an un- official offer to the War Office to raiita within a fortnight, if the necessity arises, at his own expense, a battalion of 1,000 picked marksmen. Only those men would be accepted who are between the ages of 20 and • >0 and have been efficient for at least two years. No married man would be allowed to join the proposed battalion unless he could show that his wife and family were not dependent upon him for support. I
•" EBEN BLAEN Y DDOL." Cyflwynedig i Mrs. M. James, Tynllidiard, Pen- llwyn. Yn mhlith y cymeriadau Edmygwn foreu f' ocs, Y blaenaf mewn rhinweddau, A'r puraf dan ei groes, Oedd y cymeriad gloew, Y cwynaf ar ei ol, Gyfenwid yn fv ardal wen, Yn "Eben Blaen y Ddol." Dyn byebo-i, bycban ydoedd, Ond bywiog ar ei droed, Ac ni fu gau y cyhoedd Yn enwog iawn eriod Ymwisgo wnai mewn svmledd] Ac nid oedd dim yn ffol, Xa gwrfhim yn mucheddiad plaen, Pur, Eben Blaen y Ddol." Bu llwybrau ci icuenctyd Yn loewon ar ei hyd, A thyfn yn ei fywyd Wnai blodau tlysa'r byd; Yn ffurfiad ei gymeriad 'Chaed dim o'r Brenhin Saul," Ond byyvyd dystaw heb un draen, Oedd Eben Blaen y Ddol." Yr oedd yn medru meddwl, A'i feddwl oedd yn bur, A'i ysbryd oedd yn fanwl, A golau fel y gwir, Tynerwcli oedd yn gwenu Bob amser yn ei gol, Ac hyd ei fedd ni chlywid sen, Gan Eben Blaen y Ddol." Ei fawredd oedd dylanwad Cymeriad duwiol, gwyn, Llawn mwynder gras a chariad, Y Gwr fu ar y Bryn," v Ni fu rhagorach calon Erioed yn eiddo Paul, Ac nid oedd ef yn fwy di'staen, Nag Eben Blaen y Ddol." Pan ydoedd yn gweddio Gafaelai yn y nef, Ac ysbryd wedi dwymo Gaed yn ei wcddi ef; Pen Llwyn, lie ces fy magu, Sy'n wag i mi o'i ol, Ond, buan byddaf hwnt i'r lien, Fel Eben Blaen y Ddol." CYNFELYN. Talgareg, Llandyssul. Y mae Ymherodres China wedi anfon brysneges at Mr. Pritcliard Morgan i geisio ganddo ddych- welyd ar ei union i China i agor gweithiau mwyn. Y mae Mr. Pritchard Morgan wedi ateb y bydd iddo hwylio ar y 19fed cyfisol ynghyd a pharti o ddaearegwyr. Bore dydd Gwener cyfarfu gwr ieuanc chwech ar hugain oed o'r enw John Price a'i farwolaeth yn ngwaith glo Troedyrhiw trwy i ddarn o'r to syrthio arno. Y mae Dr. Percival, Esgob Hwlffordd, wedi anfon cylcblytbyr i'w holl glerigwyr i'w taer anog i godi eu llcf yn erbyn myned i ryfel ar Boeriaid. Gwr eraff, coeth, dysgedig ydyw Esgob Hwlffordd ac nid oes dim medd efe yn yr hyn sydd wedi ei gyhoeddi rhwng ein Llywodraeth ni a'r Boeriaid a wna gyfiawnhau myned i ryfel o'i herwydd. Difrodofnadwy fyddai rhyfelyn Neheu Affrica, acfe fyddai y canlyniadau yn ddychrynllyd. Blin ganddo ef weled yr yspryd chwerw, cynhyrfus sydd wedi meddianu y wasg i'r fath raddau ac nis gall ef lai nac anog ei holl esgobaeth i ymbil ar i'r Nef osgoi pob perygl. Dydd Gwener diweddaf yn Llundain cyhuddwyd gwraig foneddigaidd yr olwg am ladratta peint o laeth, gwerth ddwy geiniog, o ddrws ty yn Willes- den. Cyfaddefodd y wraig iddi dd-.vyn y llaeth am ei bod ar newynu. Dywedodd yr heddgeidwad ei fod yn adwaen y cyhuddiedig yn dda, ac mai hi ei hun oedd yn gyfrifol am ei chyflwr truenus. Yr oedd yn dyfod o Swydd Dyfaint ac yn berchen eiddo lawer. Gwerthodcl ei tbir a daeth i Lundain a gwariodd yr arian. Ar y cyntaf anfonai ei chyf- reithiwr bunt iddi yn wythnosol, yna deg swllt, ac o'r diwedd bu rhaid iddo atal hyny eto am ei bod yn gwario yr oil ar ddiod. Yr oedd iddi frodyr mewn amgylcbiadau da, ond ni wnaent ei chyn- orthwyo bellach am ei bod yn meddwi beunydd. Cyfaddefodd y wraig mai hi oedd achos eithrueni; ac ei bod yn byw ar a gai gan yr elusengar yn awr. Dywedodd yr heddgeidwad ei bod unwaith wedi bod yn myned o gylch y lie yn ei carriage and pair." Y FASNACH LO. Parhau yn lied aflonydd y mae pethau yn nglyn a masnach y glo yn y Deheudir. Y mae llawer o weithfeydd yn Llanelli wedi gorfod sefyll o eisieu glo. Yr oedd miluedd o ddynion yn segur yn Aberdare, dydd Gwener. Oherwydd anghydfod gwrthododd tua dwy til weithio yn mhwll Pen- rhiweeibr, a bu rhaid i waith Lletty Shenkin sefyll. Cyfarfu gweithwyr Penrhiwceibr nos Wener, a phenderfynasant ddechreu gweithio dydd Sadwrn. Y mae gwaith glo Raglan, Heol y Cyw, ger Pen- coed, wedi ailgychwyn, ar ol bod yn segur am dymor maith. Y mae gwaith Glannant, hefyd, wedi cyffro or newydd a disgwylir y bydd yno waith i lawer yn y man.
The Trades Union Congress on Thursday at Plymouth disposed of a large number of resolutions sent in by trade societies. Among others were several calling for amendments of the Factory and Workshop Act. The subject of the housing of the poor was dealt with, a resolution being passed in favour of municipalities building houses. Over 5,000 skilled labourers in the Royal Dock- yards on Saturday received an increase of pay, representing in the aggregate L35,000 per annum. The average weekly wage of men concerned will now be 24s. Early on Monday a fire broke out in the farm buildings of the Court, Abermule, between New- town and Montgomery, in the occupation of Messrs. Miller. The buildings contained a large quantity of hay. It is feared that a workman who sleeps in the building, and who is now missing, must have perished in the flames. One of the firemen, named Tranchard, sustained severe injuries to his head by the falling of a slate. Mr. W. Tudor Howell, the member for the Den- bigh district, has intimated to the chairmen of the local Conservative associations that he does not propose to contest the seat at the next general election. It is thought that the Hon. G. T. Kenyon, who formerly represented the district will probably consent to stand again. At the last election, with Mr. W. H. Morgan as his Liberal opponent, Mr. Tudor Howell secured a majority of 229 votes. A thunderstorm of remarkable severity broke over London last week shortly after midday on Wednesday. At half-past twelve dark clouds began to lower, and within a few minutes rain fell in heavy torrents. Loud crashes of thunder and vivid flashes of lightening followed, the sky becoming so densely overcast that for nearly a quarter of an hour it seemed as though the day had been turned into night. The rain increased in volume until it appeared to come down in a wall." In many of the thoroughfares of the City and suburbs the water rushed down the gullies like a mill race, and numbers of sewers were choked by the rubbish. The streets were cleared of traffic and the roadways were flooded in a very short time. Considerable damage was caused in all parts, and trade was almost brought to a standstill while the storm was in progress. MR. CHAPLIN AND TAXATION ON CORN. Commenting in a letter to a correspondent at Yeovil upon a speech recently delivered in that town by Mr. Strachey M.P., Mr. Chaplain com- plains that the hon member imputed to him a policy for providing funds for old age pensions which he expressly repudiated in his recent speech at Wynyard Park. Mr. Chaplin says he incidentally declared that there was a good deal to be said in favour of reverting to the old shilling duty on grain, but he carefully warned his hearers that a return to the corn laws or to the old pro- tective duties on corn was neither possible nor desirable. To those statements Mr. Chaplin says he still adheres.
Welsh Members and the Crisis. At a crowded public meeting at Carnarvon on Thursday night, in connection with the annual meetings of the Welsh Women's Union of Liberal Association, Mr. D. Brynmor Jones. Q.C., M.P., dealing with the Transvaal crisis, said that a year ago, when France attempted to make a preposterous claim to the extension of their sphere of influence to the Valley of the Nile, Lord Salisbury's Govern- ment adopted an attitude of the utmost diplomatic firmness, and in that attitude it secured the support of all members of the Liberal Opposition. The dispute with the Transvaal was undoubtedly of a similar kind, and it could not be pretended that the Government had the same united support from the Opposition that it had in regard to the affair of last year. He had not the slightest doubt as to the reality of the Uitlanders' grievances. The dis- patches of Mr. Chamberlain appeared to him to state the case of the Uitlanders, including the Welsh and English settlers in fairness and modera- tion (hear, hear.) Having stated this much he thought that it was not the time to criticise the action of the government. He thought the sound line for the Opposition to take was to abstain from making any criticisms which might tend to hamper the course of affairs or weaken the action of the Colonial Office. He thought that those who en- couraged the Government in resisting all fair claims to the franchise, and to the redress of other grievances, were endangering the situation far more than those who took their stand by the side of Mr. Chamberlain (hear, hear). Mr. Ellis J. Griffith, M.P., also spoke. He said he cordially associated himself with what had been said by Mr. Brynmor Jones on foreign questions, Welsh people ought not to forget that they had many Welsh fellow-countrymen in the Transvaal, and it was significant that every Welsh Association in South Africa had expressed its sympathy with the Uitlanders in the present position (applause). Nothing was left for the Uitlanders except a three- fold policy of patience, patience, patience." This policy has been tried for some years, and was still advocated in Scotland (laughter). It was always a policy that one recommended to other people (applause). The demands set forth on behalf of the Uitlanders had been reasonable and moderate, and it was for Piesident Kruger to say whether he would act reasonably and moderately. If he did not he was responsible for the consequences of such conduct (applause). Mr. J. Bryn Roberts, MP., writes" In the present dispute it is clear that our Colonial Secretary has allowed himself to be egged on by the South African League and the Uitlander Press into an untenable position, casting aside all con- siderations of right and justice and relying only on superior brute force. The Convention of 1884 secures to the Transvaal absolute independence in its internal affairs. Mr. Chamberlain has re- peatedly admitted this. The terms on which residents in a country, whether native or alien, shall be admitted to the franchise, is as purely an internal matter as can be conceived. By attempt- ing to interfere in such a matter we are guilty of breaking the Convention and the pledged word of successive Colonial Secretaries. By'declining such interference President Kruger is entirely within his rights. We arc told that the responsibility for war will rest on Mr. Kruger, who is acting strictly within his rights. I hold it will rest absolutely and entirely with the Government of this country in making and pressing a claim of interference which has not a shred of foundation. I quite agree with Mr. John Morley that the situation calls for patience with President Kruger, but I think that it also demands deep and fearlessly expressed indignation at the conduct of the Colonial Secre- tary in unscrupulously counting on the military weakness of the Transvaal to trample on its treaty rights. In my opinion the Liberal party and its leaders will greatly fail in duty, and will share the responsibility for war if they fail to denounce, before it is too late, the great crime into which their country is being hurried."
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JOHN MAETHLON JAMES, TAILORING, MILLINERY, AND DRESSMAKING ESTABLISHMENT, CAMBRIAN HOUSE, TOWYN, R.S.O. BORTH. SUMMER HOLIDAYS. SEASIDE RESORT. BORTH has one of the FIXEST BEACHES on the Welsh Coast, and the SAFE and PLEASANT BATHING is a great attraction. The GOLF LINKS of 18 holes are well arranged, and attract numerous players. SALMOX FISHING can be had on the Dovey, and the less ambitious can fish the modest Lerry for trout, by obtaining the courteous permission of Sir Pryse-Pryse, Bart. CYCLISTS will find hilly but, on the whole, good roads, and many pleasant runs can be taken from Borth to Aberystwyth 8, to Devil's Bridge 18, Machynlleth 12, a circular run to Talybont, Taliesin, and Ynyslas of 10 miles. The late Dr. Thring, Headmaster of Uppingham School, wrote:—" I lived at Borth a whole year with my School, from March, 1876, and have visited it summer after summer with my family since. I consider the climate the best I have ever known, fresh in summer and mild in winter, without being relaxing, and the place in all respects delightful to lovers of sea and country." FOR THE LEADING TAINTING, pLUMBING, & JQECORATIVE jgUSINESS FOR ABERYSTWYTH AND MID-WALES DISTRICT, CO TO R. P EA K E, JgATH s TREET, ABERY STWYTH. THOMAS ELLIS, 33 AND 35, TERRACE ROAD, (OPPOSITE THE POST OFFICE). FANCY DRAPERY. MILLINERY ix ALL ITS BRAXCHES. SFFX.IAI.ITES—LACES, RIBBONS & MUSLINS. T. E. has just returned from London with New Styles in all Branches of Millinery and Drapery. D. JONES, HIGH-CLASS T A I LOR, g £ JHALYBEATE jgTREET, ABERYSTWYTH. ^ENTLEMENS JJUNTING & SHOOTING s UITS. BREECHES A SPECIALITY. L IVERIES. n IGH-CLASS ]LADIES'T AILOR-MADE COSTUMES Made by Experienced Workmen on the premises. CASTLE HOUSE, ABERAYRON. John Hugh Jones, The oldest established Draper in Aberayron. LARGE STOCK OF DRAPERY OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. FOR WELSH MATERIALS Of all description unsurpassed in the Town. MODERN SHOWROOMS. Ladies and Gentlemen are respectfully requested to visit the above Establishment. They will be surprised at the variety of the Stoc BOYS', YOUTHS', & MEN'S CLOTHING OF EVEItY DESCRIPTION MADE TO MEASUEE AT LOWEST CASH PRICES- BY DANIEL THOMAS, GENERAL DRAFER, OUTFITTER, TAILOR, &c., 22, 24, JMTTLE DARKGATE STREET A BERYSTWYTH. J. B. EDWARDS, FAMILY GROCER, FLOUR AND PROVISION MERCHANT, 40, BRIDGE STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. Jams, Jellies, Pickles, Cheese, Lard, and all kinds of Potted Fruits. Best Quality in Home-cured Bacon, and Fresh Butter and Eggs Daily. TRY OUR SPLENDID TEAS NOTED FOR STRENGTH PURITY AND FLAVOUR. All orders promptly attended to, and sent out to any part of the Country. EVERY KIND OF ARTISTIC AND COMMERCIAL ,4, Printing. QUICKLY AND NEATLY DONE AT THE H Wdsb Gazette" PRINTERIES, BRIDGE STREET (Tor OF GRAY'S Ixx ROAD), A B E R Y S T W Y T II. CHARGES MODERATE
DREYFUS. Y BYD WEDI El SYFRDANU. Y mae y newydd fod Dreyfus wedi ei gondemnio eto wedi cyffro yr holl fyd gwareiddiedig i'w waelodion eithaf. Ni welwyd erioed o'r blaen y fath amlygiad cyffredinol o gydymdeimlad. Yn wir, ni wiriwyd erioed yr hen ddywediad Lladin, Vox populi, vox dei," fel yn yr achos hwn; oherwydd os bu erioed yn ffaith fod Llais y bobl yn lais Duw," y mae yn awr mewn modd digamsynied. Y mae y ddedfryd anheg, anonest, a gyhoeddwyd uwchben Dreyfus wedi enyn Hid holl wledydd cred, a digofaint dynolryw. Y mae Ffrainc wedi sarhau ei hun gerbron cenedloedd y byd ac wedi agor i'w ei hun ddrws i ddistryw. Y mae y ddedfryd," medd newyddiadur mwyaf America, wedi gyru trwy yr boll fyd gwareiddiedig ias o fraw, digofaint, a thrueni. Nid oes y fath berygl mewn un gwlad a'r tfaith fod y dieuog yn anniogel o dan nawdd ei ddeddfau." Ar ol prawf yn cyrhaedd naw diwrnod ar hugain dygwyd y galanastra i ben prydnawn dydd Sadwrn, pan y cafwyd Dreyfus yn "euog" gan bump barnwr yn erbyn dau, a chondemniwyd ef i ddeng mlynedd 0 gaethiwed. Derbyniodd y carcharor y ddedfryd yn dawel a digryn, ond yr oedd ei gynhorydd, Demange, yn tywallt dagrau yn hicU, ac yr oedd mwyafrif y rhai oedd yn bresenol yn y llvs o dan deimladau dwfn, ond ni feiddient eu hamlygu. Y mae Dreyfus eisoes wedi gwneud apel i lys uwch. Y mae amryw o brif deyrnasoedd Ewrop a'r Unol Dalaetbau, America, yn bwriadu atal eu cynorthwy i'r Ar- ddangosfa fawr sydd i fod yn mbrif ddinas y Ffrancod y flwyddyn nesaf fel protest ymarferol o'u anghymeradwyaeth o'r camwri a'r dull cywil- yddus y mae y Ffrancod wedi ymosod ar Dreyfus. Y mae banes y -prawf yn cyrbaedd yn ol i Hydref y flwyddyn 1894. Y pryd hwnw yr oedd Casirnir Perier yn arlywydd, Dupuy yn brif weinidog, Mercier yn weinidog rhyfel, a'r Cadfridog Bois- deffre yn ben ar y swyddogion milwrol. Yr oedd Cadben Alfred Dreyfus yn mhlith y swyddogion oedd ar wasanaeth yn y swyddfa gyffredinol. Efe ydoedd yr Iddew cyntaf a dderbyniodd swydd o'r fath. Yroedd ei dalent a'i lwyddiantanghyffredin wedi ei ddwyn i sylw y Cadfridog Miribel, yr hwn oedd yn ben swyddog cyn Boisdeffre. Derbyniad oer a gawsai gan ei gyd-swyddogion, i raddau oherwydd ei fod yn Iddew ac hefyd oherwydd eiddigedd o'i alluoedd. Yn mis Medi, 1894, cafwyd papur—a adnabyddir wedi hyny fel y bordereau— ymhlith y gwastraff yn Swyddfa Germani yn Paris. Yr oedd y papur wedi ei dori a'i roddi ynghyd drachefn. Nid oedd wedi ei arwyddo na'i ddyddio; ond soniai am amryw bapyrau oeddynt wedi eu trosglwyddo gan yspiwr i swyddog milwrol Ger- mani. Yr oedd pethau cyfrin wedi bod yn cael eu gollwng allan o'r Swyddfa Filwrol am beth ysbaid, a phenderfynodd y Gweinidog Rhyfel wneud ym- chwiliad yn mhlith y swyddogion, pa rai ddylasent fod uwchlaw amheuaeth. Bu yr ymchwiliad yn ofer hyd nes i un Marquis de Mores, gwr odeimladau cryf yn erbyn yr Iddewon. sylwi nas gallai y bradwr fod yn neb ond Iddew yn y swyddfa. O'r ddydd hwn bu Dreyfus yn wrthrych drwgdybiaeth, a mynai un Paty de Clam mai efe oedd awdwr yr ysgrif felldigedig. Heb rith o brawf cymerwyd Dreyfus i'r carchar yn llechwraidd yn mis Hydref. Cadwyd ei garchariad yn hollol ddirgel. Yr oedd yn garchariad afreolaid ac anghyfreithlon. Ni feiddiai gwraig Dreyfus yngan gair yn ei gylch. Yn raddol aeth y son ar led fod swyddog milwrol o waed Iddewig wedi bradyclm ei wlad. Bu erthyglau llidiog yn y papyrau yn ei erbyn ef a'i genedl. Yn mis Rhagfyr dygwyd Dreyfus ger bron llys milwrol a bu hyawdledd Demange, ei ddadleuydd, yn ofer. Gwnaed apel i lys mikwrol uwch, earlarnbaodd y llys hwn ddedfryd yr is-lys heb gymaint a gwrandaw cwyn na gwneyd ymcbwiliad. Ar y 5ed o Ionawr, 1895, diraddwyd Dreyfus, yn ngwyddfod llu mawr o dystion :yn y modd ipwyaf gwaradwyddus. Parliaodd i ddatgan ei ddiniweidrwydd hyd y foment olaf, er hyny dynoethwyd ef o'i wisg filwrol a'i haddurniadau, cymerwyd ei gledd oddiarno a holltwyd ef yn ei wyddfod. Yna yn nghanol ban- llefa.ua rhegfeydd y niilwvr erlidiwy(I ef oamgylch o gylch y dyrfa, yna aed ag ef i garchar, ac oddiyno alltudiwvd ef i ynys angbysbell, ac yno y bu hyd rnis Mehefin y flwyddyn hon, pryd yr ail na gwneyd ymchwiliad. Ar y 5ed o Ionawr, 1895, diraddwyd Dreyfus, yn ngwyddfod llu mawr o dystion "yn y modd ipwyaf gwaradwyddus. Parliaodd i ddatgan ei ddiniweidrwydd hyd y foment olaf, er hyny dynoethwyd ef o'i wisg filwrol a'i haddurniadau, cymerwyd ei gledd oddiarno a holltwyd ef yn ei wyddfod. Yna yn nghanol ban- llefa.ua rhegfeydd ymilwyr erlidiwyd ef oamgylch o gylch y dyrfa, yna aed ag ef i garchar, ac oddiyno alltudiwvd ef i ynvs anghysbell, ac yno y bu hyd mis Mehefin y flwyddyn hon, pryd yr ail agorwyd yr achos. Daeth y prawf i ben dydd Sadwrn fel y dywedwyd eisoes, ond yn ol pob arwydd nid yw y diivedd wedi dyfod eto. Y IIAY.VSN AAL. Parhau yn aflonydd iawn y mae pethau yn y Transvaal o hyd; ond nid ydys eto heb obaith y terfynir yr anghydfod yn heddychlon. Gwneir jparotoadau o bob tu yn erbyn rhyfel, ac y mae mil- oedd yn ffoi o brifddanasoedd y Transvaal yn feunyddiol. Y mae y Llywodraeth yn anfon deng mil o filwyr o India i Ddelieu Affrica. Yn ol y newyddion diweddaraf, y mae Llywodraeth y Transvaal wedi derbyn gwahoddiad Prydain i beaiodic.yd-bwyllgor i wneud ymchwiliad i gwestiwn yr etholfraint. Y mae yr Arlywydd Kruger a'r Cadfridog Joubert wedi amlygu eu dymuniad i ddvn oddiamgylch derfyniad heddychol. Y mae y teiudad yn erbyn rhvfel yn enill nerth o ddydd i ddydd. Gwrthun iawn ydyw ymddygiad Mr. Ellis Grifiilh a Mr. Brynmor Jones ar yr achlysur preseEol. Y mac y ddau aelodau Cymreig yma wedi datgan eu barn yn gyhoeddus en bod yn cymeradwyo y modd y mae Gfcamberlain yn ym- ddwyn iuagat y Boeriaid. Y mae goreugwyr v wlad, er Jiyny, o bob plaid a clired, gadarn yn erbyn rhyfel.