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Lectures on Fruit Culture.




DOLGELLEY. I RURAL DISTRICT COUNCIL. A meeting of the above Council was held at the Shire Hall on Saturday, when there were present, Mr. J. Evans, Barmouth (in the chair), Mr. William Lloyd, Llangelynin (vice-chairman), Messsrs. Meyrick Roberts, Llanfihangel, Owen Jones, Llanynmawddwy, Ellis Pughe Jones, Llan- ddwywe-is-y-graig, Robert Hughes, Llanfachreth, J. Roberts, Brithdir, Morris G. Williams, Hugh Evans, Llanenddwyn. Dr. Charles Williams, with Mr. W. R. Richardson (assistant clerk), Dr. Hugh Jones, (medical officer). and Mr. William Jones (inspector). The Clerk read the minutes of the last meeting which were confirmed. The Clerk said he had written to Mrs. Scott with reference to her farm, Cae'rberlian, to execute the necessary repairs without delay, but he had re- ceived no answer. The Surveyor had been there, but he could not say whether anything had been done. Mr. Ellis Pughe Jones proposed that the matter be adjourned for a month. Dr. Charles moved as an amendment that the Surveyor should visit the farm and report upon it within a month, and if there was no sign of repairs having been commenced at the end of that time, the Council should take proceedings against her. Mr. Meyrick Roberts seconded, and the matter being put to the vote, the amendment was carried by 5 to 3. The Surveyor said that the medical officer and himself, had visited the premises in Bridge-street. The matter was in the same position now as it was a month ago. The medical officer said that the privy accommodation was insufficient. It was ultimately decided to press Mrs. Evans, the owner, to find accommodation. With regard to the complaint, brought before the Council at the last meeting by Mr. Edward Wil- liams, Corris, of the polluting of the river, the Surveyor reported that arrangements had been arrived at with the scavenger, who would watch the river. The Clerk intimated that he had heard nothing further in connection with the extension, of the Dolgelley District. As to the farm called Gorwyn, it was decided that he be allowed one month to execute the re- pairs, etc., and if at the end of that time, such repairs were not done, proceedings would be taken against him. It was decided to take proceedings against Mr. Ansell with regard to his three farms in the parish of Llanenddwyn. LLWYNGWRIL WATER SUPPLY. The Clerk said that he bad not received a reply from Mr. Gillart on the question of water supply for Llwyngwril. Mr. Meyrick Roberts pro- posed, and Dr. Charles Williams seconded, that the Clerk be instructed to write to Mr. Gillart ex- pressing the Council's surprise that the amended scheme was not in the hands of the Council by this meeting, and that lie should prepare them as soon as possible. BYELAWS. Dr. Charles Williams brought this matter for- ward, and said that the Council ought to have had ,p.rlv hy thi ti,n thp ln7P-la"vs \?hií"h nrnvftrtiiul "J' "Iv "r" "-6.o..¿ 5'\J"L"v" new buildings. He therefore proposed that five from the Council, with the medical officer and in- spector, be appointed to prepare the byelaws and submit the same by the next meeting. This was passed and the following were chosen:—Dr. Chas. Williams, Messrs. J. Evans, Meyrick Roberts,. Cadwaladr Roberts, and Hugh Evans. INSPECTOR'S REPORT. The Inspector (Mr. William Jones) reported that he had visited the spring at Llwyngwril at Bron- I I yfoel, and taken a sample to be analysed, but bad not yet heard the result. On the 27th June he found that the outflow was 11 gallons per minute, or 15, 840 per day, as compared with 24,860 on June 9th. This diminution in the outflow was rather serious, keeping in view the possibility of the Railway Co. taking water, and the supply to Mr. Wynne Jones' farms. He had gone down bv appointment to see Mr. Davies, to see what could be done to improve the drainage at the Children's Home, Arthog, which now are discharged into a stream, which is sometimes used for drinking pur- poses. Mr. Davies got a letter sent to Alr..Solomoti Andrews, asking his permission to carry the drain- age into a cesspool over his land.—He submitted several designs of the dry earth system. He also reported that a spring had been found which would supply Blue Cottages, Aberllefenni, which belonged to Captain Pryce, who says the Parish Council or the District Council ought to bear the expense of doing the works. The Surveyor said that ^4 Idris street, Corris, was kopt in a filthy state. The drains also wanted repairing. A large cistern has been fiixed for storing water for the better supply of Aberllefenni School and cottages. A new drain has been made along the back of Braichcoch-ter- race. The owner of Garneddwen was prepared to carry out the recommendation of the Medical officer. The arrangements for supplying the east Z71 I I side of Lower Corris had been completed, and were working satisfactorily. The work had been done 17 in Graigfachddu, and, Fronwnion, Brithdir, but nothing at Escairiau. Friog drains required im- mediate attention. Nothing was yet done at.Brith- dir, Dyffryn, but the contract had been let by Mr, Ansell at Aberseirw. The report was adopted. MEDICAL OF,,FICL REPORT. The Medical Officer (Dr. Hugh Jones) reported that on July 5th a case of diphtheria occurred at Fairbourne terrace. He had inspected the pre- mises. He thought that the immediate clearing of the cesspool and midden was necessary. This had been done promptly, and no cases had since occurred. On July 14th he examined Brynmelyn, Llanelltyd. The sleeping rooms had no ceilings, and were not proof against wind and water. There were no eaves-troughs. On July 20th he inspected the sanitary arrangements of Brithdir Board School,, which he found most defective. Several' privies discharged into a common pit, to which rain and water gained access in wet weather, and made the pit additionally offensive. The pit was only cleared at long intervals. Proper earth closets should be at once constructed, and all the sur- roundings should be thoroughly cleaned. On the same day he, with the Inspector, visited portions of the Fairbouroae estate, and met Mr. Cotsworth, the agent, and suggested some improvements in the present drainage arrangements. On July 17th he examined llainewyddion,.LJanaber, at the re- quest of the Parish Council. It is a terrace of 6 houses from which a drain had been constructed, to discharge finto an open cesspool, close to the public road,, which was certainly a nuisance. It should be placed further away and properly ven- tilated. Tkfc soit tVas in contract "with the back wall of the. houses to a considerable height, so as to make the houses damp and incapable of being properly ventilated. There were two sleeping rooms in roch house, which were low, confined, and .inefficiently ventilated. There were no fire places in any of them, and the windows were too small. There were no troughs in front of the houses. Pail closets bad been provided for each house, I)ut the pails in those belonging to number one and three were so full as to be a nuisance. On the same day he examined Brynfelin, Llanenddwyn, where sleep- ing accommodation was confined, the roof low, and no ceiling, and the floor upstairs defective. The bedrooms were small, the skylights quite inadequate for ventilation and the back walls were damp and in contract with the soil. There were no eaves- troughs. A pail closet was within a yard of the house, and the pail was full to the brim. He examined the neighbouring house of Briws. There was a small sleeping room on the ground floor with a very small window, and no fireplace. The sleep- ing accommodation upstairs was confined; roof low, no ceilings, and only small skylights for light and ventilation. There was a small stove in one of them which was not satisfactory. The back walls were in contract with the soil, and there were no eaves-troughs, and an old offensive pit privy. He examined Carlagucha, in the same parish. There was a cow-shed attached to the house and the soil was in contract with back almost up to the eaves. There were no eaves-troughs, and the roof was defective. The dairy was small and dark and windowless. The sleeping accommodation above was confined, roof low, and no ceilings or fireplace and only two small skylights for light and venti- .ation. The gable of Pantyraithnen was in contract with the soil, and there were no eaves-troughs. A cow-shed was attached to the lower gable. One sleeping room on the ground floor had no fireplace. The sleeping accommodation above was confined, roof very low, no ceiling, and only two small sky- lights, for light and ventilation. At Carlagisa the soil was in contract with the back wall to a slight extent, and there were no eaves-troughs. The sleeping place on the ground floor had no fire- place. Those above were not fit to be used as such owing to the roof being low and defective, allow- ing water to come in freely. On July 24th he visited Aberllefenni and Corris with the Inspector. He examined Hen Factory, Aberllefenni, the back walls of which were built in the bed of a stream. There was a foul and defective drain in front of the house, and there were no eaves-troughs. The sleeping accommodation was confined, no fireplace, and inadequate ventilation. The roof was defective and the houses were very damp, and in their present condition quite unfit for human habitation. Shopbren. in the vicinity, bad confined sleeping accommodation, and was most improperly venti- lated. There was no fireplace, and only one window in gable made to open. The roof was defective, and the walls bad no eaves-troughs. Having been directed to report on the Corris Rail- way manure heap, he found that the manure was simply deposited on the ground immediatelyabove and close to edge of a stream, into which it directly drains, in contravention of the Talyllyn bye-laws. Those bye-laws required removal at least once a fortnight. He again examined Glan- pafon. The roof of the front house was defective, and there was a small house erected at the back, the sleeping accommodation of which was so con- fined and inadequately ventilated as to be most dangerous from a health point of view. Hehad called the Council's atention to those houses. He also examined No. 4, Idris Street, Corris. The cellar contained a large amount of some kind of liquid filth, which seemed to suggest leaky drains. Several cases of foul sore throat had occurred in the house recently. The drain should be laid open, and the premises thoroughly cleaned. At Victoria Buildings, Upper Corris, was a foul and defective drain in the back premises. There was also a drain at the back of Bethania Terrace, passing under one of the houses, in front of which was evidently a leakage in the drain. The drain passed down the back of Glanllifon, and there again was a serious leakage. All the drains should be opened and re-constructed. He examined Dafarn Newydd, and found same of the walls damp through defective eaves-troughs, with dilapidated and defective privies. On July 26th, he examined the Congrega- tional Chapel house, Dyffryn. The sleeping rooms had no ceilings, and the roof was defective, and there were no eaves-troughs, and the privy a most serious and dangerous nuisance. It is situated close to the house on the edge of the public road. It should be thoroughly cleaned, and proper accommodation provided. Plas-bach, Coedystum- gwern, Llanenddwyn was disgracefully filthy. The sleeping rooms upstairs had no ceilings or fireplaces, roof low, windows defective, and not made to open sufficently. There was also a foul pit privy. Pantheulog had a sleeping chamber on the ground floor with no iiraplace. The sleeping rooms above were low, confined, and no ceilings, and were insufficiently ventilated. The soil was in contact with the back wall almost up to the eaves. There were no eaves-troughs in front. Another house of the same name, occupied by William Davies, had soil at the back to sumo height, and had uo eaves. troughs, and two houses at Tynyffgnon, Dyffryn, y I had defective doors, floors and rofs, and had no ceilings, and they were damp, owing to water gsining access in bad weather. There were no eaves-trougqs. The privy was in terribly foul and dangerous condition. Henshop, Dyffryn, was far too close to be wholesome. The walls and roof were defective. There were two rooms without fireplaces, and not adequately ventilated, and there were no eeves-troughs. Dr. Charles Williams said that the case to the Brithdir Board School was not important, con- sidering that there were so many children. He proposed that a notice be served for immediate removal, and that seven day's notice should be given. He also proposed that in other cases of the Medical Officer's report, extracts from the report should be sent to each owner, and in cases of urgency, seven day's notice. With regard to Tai Newyddion, Llanaber, Dr. Charles Wihiams proposed that the clerk should write to Mrs. Williams, enclosing extracts of Drs. report, and inform her that the Council request her immediate attention to the matter. This was passed.