NOTICE.—This column is devoted to better thoughts for quiet moments. Can the wiles of Art, the grasp of Power, Snatch the rich relics of a well-spent hour ? These, when the trembling spirit wings her flight, Pour round her path a stream of living light, ROGERS.
Precepts of Life. To make a happy fireside clime To weans and wife That's the true pathos and sublime Of human life. BURNS. How happy is he born and taught That serveth not another's will; Whose armour is his honest thought, And simple truth his utmost skill. SIR HENRY WOTTOX.
A Summer Wish. Live all thy sweet life through, Sweet Rose, dew-sprent, Drop down thine evening dew To gather it anew z, When day is bright: I fancy thou wast meant Chiefly to give delight. r_1 Sing in the silent sky, Glad soaring bird; Sing out thy notes on high To sunbeam straying by Or passing cloud; Heedless if thou art heard Sing thy full song aloud. Oh that it were with me As with the flower Blooming on its own tree For butterfly and bee Its summer morns; That I might bloom mine hour A rose in spite of thorns. Oh that my work were done As birds' that soar Rejoicing in the sun: That when my time is run And daylight too, I so might rest once more Cool with refreshing dew. z, CHRISTINA ROSSETTI.
The End of our Being. It is not in letters and arts only, it is in all the aims and interests in relation to the unseen, it is in relation to the human soul and spirit in its higher aspect, and in its highest capabilities, that the true end of our being lies, and I heartily trust that you will more and <:> more address yourselves to the promotion and prosecu- tion of those aims which carry us beyond the limits of the visible and sensible, but which are the only aims capable of surely directing to a beneficial end, and to a permanently beneficial <end, the.destiny of man. W. E. GLADSTONE.
» Desire. I tell thee blockhead, it all comes of thy vanity; •of what thou fanciest those same deserts of thine to be. Fancy that thou deservest to be hanged (as is most likely), thou wilt feel it happiness to be only shot; fancy that thou deservest to be hanged in a hair halter, it will be a luxury to die in hemp. So true is it, what I then said, that The fraction of life can be increased in value not so much by increasing your numerator as by lessening your denominator." Nay, unless my Algebra deceive me, unity itself divided by zero will give infinity. Make thy claim then of wages a zero; thou hast the world under thy feet. Well did the wisest of our time write It is only with renunciation that life, properly speaking, can be said to begin." CARLYLE.
♦ British Liberty. Liberty is commensurate with and inseparable ffrom British soil. British law proclaims even to the .stranger and the sojourner, the moment he sets his foot upon British earth, that the ground on which he treads is holy, and consecrated by the genius of universal emancipation! No matter in what language his doom may have been pro- nounced no matter what complexion incompatible with freedom an Indian or African sun may have burnt upon him; no matter in what disastrous battle his liberty may have been cloven down no matter with what solemnities he may have been devoted upon the altar of slavery-the first moment he touches the sacred soil of Britain, the altar and .the god sink together in the dust; his soul walks ;abroad in its own majesty, his body swells beyond the,measure of his chains, that burst from around ,him, and he stands redeemed, regenerated, and disenthralled by the irresistible genius of universal emancipation. CURRAN.
» Particles, Men, Nations. "To the death of particles in the individual .answers the death of persons in the nation, of which they are the integral constituents. In both cases, in a period of time quite inconsiderable, a total change is accomplished without the entire system, which: is the sum of these separate parts, losing its identity. Each particle, or each person, comes into existence, discharges an appropriate duty, and then passes away, perhaps unnoticed. The production, continuance, and death of an organic molecule in the person answers to the pro- duction, continuance and death of a person in the nation. Nutrition and decay in one case are equivalent to well-being and transformation in the other. In the same manner that the individual is liable to changes through the action of external agencies, and offers no resistance thereto, nor any indication of the possession of a physiological inertia, but .submits at once to any impression, so likewise it is with aggregates of men constituting nations. A national type pursues its way physically and intellectually through changes and develop- ments answering to those of the individual, and being represented by infancy, childhood, youth, manhood, old age, and death respectively. PROF. J. W. DRAPER.
PARLIAMENT. HOUSE OF COMMONS.—THURSDAY. THE TITHE RENT CHARGE BILL. Mr. BALFOUR moved that the proceedings on the Tithe Rent Charge (Rates) Bill be not inter- rupted tonight under the twelve o'clock rule. The House divided- For the motion 247 Against. 148 n Majority for 99 The liouse again went into Committee on the bill, Mr, J. W. Lowther in the chair. Clause 2, which is an interpretation clause, de- clares that the expression estate duty grant" means the grant made under section 19 of the Finance Act, 1894, in substitution for the probate duty grant. Mr. E. ROBERTSON, reminding the Committee that the preceding clause provided that one half the rates of tithe rent charge owners should be paid out of sums payable to the Local Taxation Account on account of the estate duty grant, pro- posed that the expression The Local Taxation Account" should have the same meaning as in the Local Government Act of 1888, his object being to make clear that the bill applied only to England, and that the Local Taxation Accounts of Scotland and Ireland could not be drawn upon for the purpose of this bill. This was the more necessary because there were no words in the bill expressly limiting its operation to this country (cheers). The SOLICITOR GENERAL maintained that the words were unnecessary. In the nature of things the bill could apply only to England and Wales, because there was no tithe rent charge in Scotland, and in Ireland there was none "attached to a benefice." Moreover the statutory title of the English Taxation Act was the Local Taxation Account, that of Scotland the Local Taxation (Scotland) Account, and that of Ireland the Local Taxation (Ireland) Account. Sir W. HARCOURT held that the fact that there was no tithe rent charge in Ireland or Scot- land did not signify, and that unless the bill dis- criminated between the Local Taxation Accounts of the different countries Scotland and Ireland would be made to contribute to the purpose of the bill. The Government had against them the authority of the Agricultural Rates Act of 1896 (cheers). Anyhow; why should they refuse these words unless they wished to avoid discussion ? (cheers). Mr. LONG asked how the Government could be said to wish to avoid discussion when they were discussing the amendment. Mr. HEMPHILL urged that there was nothing in the wording of the bill to exclude Ireland or Scotland, and asked whether the Government were resisting reasonable amendments merely to avoid a Report stage of the bill (cheers). Mr. BOWLES was satisfied there was some sub- stance in the amendment. At any rate, the words could do no harm, and would, perhaps, avoid litiga- tion. It was suggested the Government merely wished to avoid Report stage in refusing amend- ments. He could not suppose they were actu- ated by so mean a motive (laughter). The SOLICITOR GENERAL did not see how the matter could go into a court of law. The Com- missioners of Inland Revenue would take the view which was obviously that stated in the bill. Sir. W. HARCOURT replied that the Commis- sioners would be bound to take the view which the law prescribed, and not necessarily the view of the Solicitor General. Mr. T. P. O'CONNOR feared that the bill would tax the Irish people for the benefit of a Church that was not their own (hear, hear). That was an intolerable position. A case had at any rate been made out for doubt and ambiguity. Surely Ireland ought to be relieved of the apprehension that she was in her poverty and her Catholicity to assist to endow the rich Protestant Church of England (opposition cheers). Mr. CARSON asked for an assurance that none of the sums payable on the Local Taxation Account came out of the probate duties from Ireland and Scotland (hear, hear.) The SOLICITOR-GENERAL assured the right hon. gentlemen that the accounts for England, Ireland, and Scotland were mentioned separately. The moneys for this bill were moneys coming from the Local Taxation Account which related to England only (Ministerial cheers). Sir WILLIAM HARCOURT pointed out that in the Agricultural Rating Act of 1896 the words Local Taxation Account" were defined. The SOLICITOR-GENERAL; The words were unnecessary (" Oh, oh.") Sir WILLIAM HARCOURT said the Act was drafted by Sir Henry Jenkins, who did not put in unnecessary words. The Government would not do in 1899 what they did in 1896, and everyone knew the reason (Opposition cheers). Mr. LONG denied that the Government was actuated in the matter by the desire to avoid a report stage (Opposition ironical cheers). The Government were advised that the words were unnecessary. There was no mystery about the matter. Hon members opposite were surely carry- ing their opposition a little too far (" Oh, oh," and ironical cheers). Mr. ROBERTSON said the great feature of this debate had been the stubborn resistance of the Government to words which were originally their own. If the Government bad not in the Act of 1896 defined the words of Local Taxation Account he should not have thought it necessary to raise the question at all (Opposition cheers). His object was to make it clear that this bill related only to England (Opposition cheers). Mr. V. GIBBS suggested, amid loud Opposition laughter, that the Government should have the alteration made in the House of Lords or that they should use their influence to that effect. He did not believe there was any ground for the apprehensions of hon. members opposite, but he made this suggestion with a view to the oxpedition of public business (laughter). Mr. DILLON believed there was a danger and an ambiguity in the phrasing of the bill. Mr. LONG moved the closure. This was received with loud cries of dissent from the Opposition benches, Mr. Dillon cried out Another attempt to rob Ireland." The Committee divided, and there voted- For the closure 250 Against. 173 Majority for 77 The result was received with Opposition cheers. The Committee divided on Mr. Robertson's amendment- For the amendment 174 Against. 250 Majority against 76 Mr. Lambert had given notice to leave out the expression cure of souls," but The CHAIRMAN ruled that the bill was applicable only to clerical tithe rent charge owners, and the amendment of the hon. member would extend its scope to lay rectors. Mr. LAMBERT said he simply wished to raise the point whether such a sacred phrase should be included in this vulgar and mercenary bill (Opposi- tion cheers and Ministerial cries of Order"). The CHAIRMAN: Order, order. Mr. J. H. ROBERTS moved an amendment to exclude from the purview of the bill endowed public chapels and parochial chapelries," &c., and said the main ground on which he moved his amendment was that the operation of the bill should extend only to those benefices in which a great portion of the clerical income came from the tithe rent charge. The SOLICITOR GENERAL opposed the amend- ment. It was an attempt to undo what the Com- mittee had already decided upon in the first clause. Mr. LLOYD-GEORGE, having addressed a ques- tion to the Solicitor General on the point, said he gathered from the hon. and learned gentleman's answer that under this bill a transaction of a re- markable nature would be possible. A sum of money, say P.1,000, might be collected for the en- dowment of a chapelry. Instead of investing that money in Consols, the donors might say—" a much more profitable investment is now open. A bill has been passed for paying half the rates of the incumbent, and we will therefore go to a lay im- propriator and buy his tithes." By doing that they would at once add £50 a year to the endowment, which would be equivalent to an extra endowment of £ 2,000. This, of course, would come out of the pockets of the general taxpayer, and was an ex- ample of the deals that might take place under this bill (cheers). In reply to Mr. Asquith, The CHAIRMAN ruled that the question of future annexations of tithe rent charge had already been decided. The Committee divided: majority against the amendment—76. The declaration of the figures was received with Opposition cheers. Mr. D. A. THOMAS, with the view of limiting the scope of the bill, moved that the expression owner should mean the incumbent in receipt of the tithe rent charge at the date of the passing of the Act, and tithe rent charge attached to a bene- fice should also mean tithe rent charge attached at the date of the passing of the Act. Mr. J. H. LEWIS, pointing to the fact that the bill proposed to interpret the expressions named by reference to the Tithe Act of 1891, protested againt this system of legislation by reference to previous statutes. Mr. EVANS showed that reference to four previous Acts would be necessary to interpret these words. Mr. J. H. LEWIS and Sir J. T. Brunner joined in the protest. Mr. LLOYD-GEORGE emphasised the protest which bad been made against legislation by reference." The hon member was pressing for in- formation as to the interpretation of the expression Duchy of Cornwall," which appears in the bill, when Mr. BALFOUR, amid loud cries of "Oh, oh, moved the closure The committee divided — Majority for 80. The Committee then divided on Mr. Thomas's amendment: Majority against 73. Mr. BALFOUR then moved that the question be put that Clause 2 stand part of the bill. This was received with angry protests from the Opposition benches and continued cries of "Gag," Gag." The Committee divided Majority for 87. The Committee divided on the motion that Clause 2 stand part of the bill: Majority for 83. On Clause which describes the bill as the Tithe Rent Charge (Rates) Act, 1899," Mr. J. H. DALZIEL moved to insert after "rates" the word -1 relief." The SOLICITOR GENERAL was unable to accept the amendment. It was not necessary to indicate the nature of the bill in its title. Mr. BROADHURST said the bill was essentially an outdoorrelief bill.-(" Hear, hear," and laughter). Mr. D. A. THOMAS thought the amendment was one which the Government might very well accept. The title of the bill as given by the Government was distinctly misleading. Mr. NUSSEY thought the amendment more accurately described the position the Government had taken up. Mr. S. EVANS did not like either the title the Government had adopted or that suggested by the amendment, but by any name the bill would be unsweet (" hear, hear," and laughter). The Committee divided Majority against 70. The Committee next divided on the question that the Clause stand part of the bill: Majority for 66. The result of _the division was cheered by the Opposition. Mr. J. H. LEWIS moved an amendment to clause 4, the effect of which was to delay the commence- ment of the operation of the bill till the expiration of the Agricultural Rating Act of 1896. By the adoption of his amendment the country would be given time to thoroughly consider whether the bill was a just measure. Mr. LONG pointed out that the effect of the amendment would be to make the bill a permanent Act after the Agricultural Rating Act expired. The Government proposed that pending a tinal settlement of the whole question of rating the particular question which seemed to them to press with severity on certain classes should be dealt with in a temporary but effective manner. He suggested that, passing over this amendment, hon. members should proceed to the discussion of others that were of more important and interest. Mr.LLOYD-GEORGE observed that there was plenty of time to get through the whole of the amendments between now and the end of the season (laughter). Mr. T. P. O'CONNOR asked what was the good of inviting the Opposition to pick and choose be- tween amendments when every amendment was met by the Government with a non possumus" (cheers). The CHAIRMAN: I would respectfully invite the Committee to return to the consideration of the amendment. Sir W. HARCOURT desired to know what time the Government meant to allow for the considera- tion of the remaining amendments, because then the Opposition might be able to apportion the time better (cheers). Mr. Long rose, but the Chairman (interposing) again invited the Committee to return to the amendment. Mr. T. P. O'CONNOR wished the Minister of Agriculture to explain what was the meaning of his suggestion (cheers). The CHAIRMAN: The question is not relevant. Mr. MADDISON referred to the resolutions passed by the County Council of the West Riding and by the city of Sheffield, and said that although Sheffield clergymen would not get a single penny by way of relief the city would lose nearly R700 a year as a result of this bill. In reply to Lord E. Fitzmaurice, The SOLICITOR GENERAL said that no fixed sum was to be paid out of the Local Taxation Account during the continuance of this bill. One- half of all the rates would be borne by the in- cumbent, but the other half would be paid in the manner provided by the bill. Lord E. FITZMAURICE pointed out that the Agricultural Rates Act did not apply to the parish council rate, and he asked whether the incumbent under this bill could obtain the benefit of the deduction of one-half the parish council rate. The SOLICITOR-GENERAL: Yes. Mr. CAWLEY believed the country was being educated by the debates on this bill, and that after the two years' reflection which the adoption of this amendment would afford the measure would never be allowed to come into operation at all (cheers). The Committee divided: Majority against, 96. Mr. D. A. THOMAS moved to exempt the poor rate from the scope of the bill. After explaining that he moved his amendment in all seriousness, he recalled that he moved a similar amendment to the Agricultural Rating Act of 1896, and met with much support in the House and still more in the country. He ventured to say that there was much more reason for moving such an amendment to this bill. Mr. LONG pointed out thet the amendment would destroy half the effect of the bill (ironical Opposition laughter and cheers). It was practi- cally an amendment to the second reading (No, no). To exclude from a measure of reform such as this the poor rate, which was probably at least half of the local rates, would be to make a farce of any reform of local taxation. He asked the Committee to reject the amendment. Mr. EVANS quoted from the authorities to show that the tithes were originally liable to the support of the poor. He asked whether a single clergyman in the course of his evidence before the Commission had ventured to say in plain terms that he had no duty towards the poor, and that if he had it was only half the duty of anybody else (Opposition cheers). The poor rates were the very rates the parson did not require to be relieved of (Opposition cheers). The Committee divided— For the amendment .149 Against 267 Majority against 118 WALES AND THE TITHES BILL. Mr. J. H. ROBERTS asked the President of the Board of Agriculture whether he would state the aggregate amount of the deductions which would be made under the Tithe Rent Charge (Rates) Bill from the sums now payable to the local authorities in Wales and Monmouthshire. Mr. LONG said the aggregate amount of the shares of the counties and county boroughs in Wales and Monmouthshire in a sum of Z87,000 distributed in the proportion of what were known as the discontinued grants would be £ 3,982. In reply to Mr. Lloyd Morgan, Mr. LONG said the share of the county of Car- marthen in the same sum would amount to £277.
t -1 LLANYBYTHER. CYCLING.—On Wednesday, a portion of the Llanybyther Cycling Club joined with the Lampeter Club in a run to Aberayron. CRICKET.—On Saturday, the return cricket match between Pencader and Llanybyther, was played at the latter place. and resulted in a win for the visitors. PREACHING.—The pulpit of the Rhydvbont Chapel was occupied on Sunday last by Mr. Evan Evans, Pistillgwyn, a student at the Cardiff L'niver- sity. Mr. Evans has accepted a call from a Church in Denbighshire, and will commence his duties soon. SUCCESS.—Mr. Jones and Mr. D. M. Griffiths, both students at the Llanybyther Grammar School have been successful in passing the Entrance Examination to Brecon and Bangor Colleges respectfully. ORCHESTRAL BAND.—It is rumoured that the Orchestral Band intend competing at the Pontrhyd- fendigaid Eisteddfod, which takes place this month. The band, which is 'under the control of the Rev. Morris, the Vicarage, and Mr. Jones, Llysfaen Shop, held a practice on Sunday. FFAIR FACII YR HAF.—This ancient and popular -N fair was held on Monday in splendid weather. But owing probably to the weather being also so highly favourable for the hay harvest, the attend- ance was not so large as in past years. In days gone by the village was crowded from early morn till dewy eve on the occasion of this fair, Probably no fair in the whole county was so popular. It had an especial attraction for the young—but it now seems as if it had lost its ancient powers. The fair is noted for its wool and gooseberries. On Monday, however, there was wool in abundance, but the gooseberries were conspicuous by their absence. Wool fetched from fourpence halfpenny to sevenpence halfpenny a pound.
BERTH, Tregaron. CHEESE MAKING.—Much praise is due to Mr. lones (Tynclawdd) for the great interest he has laken in farming, and the art of butter and cheese making, and his efforts in securing the services of competent ladies to teach farmers' wives and daughters in the art of butter and cheese making." Few years ago he brought Miss Ellis to Swyddffynnon, and all know what benefit the ladies derived from her teaching in the art of butter-making. Now their butter can compete with the best Danish for mildness and Savour, and their poor husbands arc not put to the torture of eating rank and over-salty butter. This time, again, to Mr. Jones we have to thank for securing the services of such a competent young lady as Miss Darrell to give lessons in the art of cheese making. Last Tuesday she arrived at Pontar- gamddwr with the necessary utensils. She intends staying for three terms. Each term is for ten mornings from 8.30 to 12.30, with an entrance fee of 2s. each. "he first term commenced last Wednesday, when eight ladies, smartly dressed, in light blouses and white aprons made their appear-- ance, viz., Mrs. Jones, Maesglas; Mrs. Morgans, Esgair; Miss Williams, Pontargamddwr; Miss Jones, Broncapel Miss Lloyd, Penian Miss Richards, Esgermaen; Miss Edwards, Tynwaun; and Miss Davies, Tynrcithyn. Each of these ladies (in turn) got to do different kind of work on different days. What struck one most was the kind and winning way Miss Darrell instructed them, also the cleanli- ness of everything, and the methodical and systematic mode of working. Undoubtedly the pupils will acquire a great benefit that may prove is future a fortune to themselves and to the district.
TOWYN and ABERDOVEY DISTRICT COUNCIL. The monthly meeting of the above Council was held on Friday. Present:—Mr. Daniel Edwards (Chairman), Messrs. J. Hughes Jones, W. Jones Hughes, Arthur Tomlins, J. M. James, Meredith Jones, R. P. Morgan, Henry Evans (Escuan), John Roberts: (Perfeddnant), D. C. Davies (Bryneithyn), J. Geufronydd Jones, and E. L. Rowland; with Messrs. R. Barnett (acting clerk), R. Vauglian Ed- wards (Surveyor), and E. Williams and J. Jones (Sanitary Inspectors). TOWYN COMMITTEE'S REPORT. The Towyn Committee's report stated :—Plans of a new shop and house to be erected in High Street for Mr. Rees Jones, submitted by Messrs. Gillart & Sons, were considered. The Surveyor pointed out that the first floor bay windows were shewn to project 3 inches over the footpath, also that no special means of ventilation had been provided to the bedrooms which were without fireplaces, as required by the bye-law, No. 5, and it was resolved that the plans be recommended for approval, sub- ject to these alterations, and the drainage being properly constructed. The Survevorwas instructed to proceed with the laying of the new sewer at the back of Maengwyn Street if no objection was raised as to passing through gardens. The Sur- veyor reported the following matters:—The cost of extending the 3 inch water main in Vaenol Field as per agreement with Mr. Morgan had been £7 8s. 6d. An arrangement had been made with Capt. Piper to supply the Volunteer Camp on the Marsh with water during August next for the sum of E4. He had inspected the additions now being made to the Corbett Arms Hotel, and found a slight deviation from the plans, which were approved by the Council. It was resolved that £3 be offered to Mr. T. F. Jones, carrier, in full settlement of the contract for removing embankment near Tradyddan Pier Road. The applicatian of Messrs. Edwards, printers, to be allowed :to erect advertising hoard- ings at bottom of Brook Street, and in Neptune Hall Road, near entrance to Recreation Ground was granted conditionally. A petition from the residents at Idris Villas, asking the Council to carry out improvements to the carriage way and footpath of Sandiland Road was considered, and the Surveyor was instructed to repair to the end of villas as soon as possible. The Clerk furnished an estimate of the rate for the sub-district of Towyn for the ensuing year, and it was resolved that a rate of 2s. lid. in the £ he recommended. The report was adopted. ABERDOVEY COMMITTEE'S REPORT. The Aberdovey Committee reported that at a meeting on June 7th, the Surveyor was directed to have the streets swept twice weekly during July and August. The Surveyor was instructed to repair the wall on side on main road at Penhelig. The Surveyor was directed to examine the plans passed for new houses for Abraham Williams, at Glandovey Terrace, and endeavour to ascertain whether the public road had been encroached upon. An application from the Regatta Committee for permission to enclose the public footpath over- looking Estuary opposite Sea View on Regatta Day and to screen same from road way for the purpose of placing seats, was forwarded to the Clerk for his advice. The Surveyor and Inspector reported that they bad been able to considerably reduce the waste of water at Aberdovey, that a number of leakages had been discovered and removed, and by further night inspection they hoped to still further reduce it. The Committee further reported that at a meeting on July 7th plans for the proposed Trefeddian Hotel, Aberdovey, were submitted by Messrs. Deakin and Jones, for Mr. Edward Morgan. It was pointed out that the drains were shown to empty into a cess pool constructed upon common land, on the opposite side of the main roads to the hotel, and it was resolved that the same be recom- mended for approval, but that the attention of the architects be called to the fact that the cess pool was shown to be constructed upon common land, | and that they be asked to submit a more accurate 3 block plan in which this error would be amended. J —A letter was read from the Rev. John Williams, | rector of Talyllvn, with which he enclosed a rough | tracing, showing the position of the sea wall lie | proposed constructing at Penhelig Point. The j Surveyor was directed to secure a more accurate i plan, and that in the meantime the objection which had already been lodged with the Board of Trade be sustained.—A letter was read from Mr. Abraham Williams applying for a water pipe to be laid from the main sewer near Aberdovey Hall along the main road to his house at the Mill, and the Surveyor was directed to ascertain what he was prepared to pay towards the cost.—The Surveyor was instructed to obtain the necessary macadam for repairing the roads during the coming autumn from the Tonfanau Granite Quarry.—The Surveyor submitted a building form, which the Council was recommended to adopt. The report was adopted with reference to Mr. Morgan's scheme, the Coun- cil resolved to entertain the proposal on condition I that he gave a guarantee to pay interest on the J outlay, 1 INSPECTOR'S REPORT. J Mr- Edward Williams (Inspector of Nuisacaees) | reported that he had received a complaint re- j specting a nuisance on the Brynymor Road, aad on I visiting the place he found that putrid fish and j fruit had been buried in the sand close by, and on J making enquiries found it was probably done by a servant of Mr. Clayton, the Fish Shop. He visited Messrs. Clayton & Evans' fish and fruit shop at Aberdovey, and found that fowls were kept in a room above the shop, which room was in a filthy state. He informed them that they must be im- mediately cleared -Away, and the room thoroughly cleaned, but up to the previous day this had not been done. He further reported that he had during the month several times inspected the water mains and connections at Aberdovey, and found several very bad connections. Instructions were given in each case to have them immediately re- paired, and this had been done. This had caused a saving in water of about 10,000 gallons per day and 20,000 less per day that was recovered by the meter in July, 1898. Water at reservoir at present, 19 feet (2,362,194 gallons). INSPECTOR'S REPORT. Mr. John Jones, sub-inspector of nuisances for the district of Towyn, reported that he had given notice to John Davies, wheelwright,"Station-road, to remove a heap of house manure, which had been complied with. He had visited National-street, and given notice to Evan Jones and James Harries, to remedy sanitary defects. He had visited the slaughter-houses and pigstyes situated at a proper distance from dwelling houses, and also other places in his district, but saw no other cause for complaint. ABERDOVEY RAILWAY STATION. The following letter was read from Mr. C. S. Dennis, Manager, Cambrian Railway Company:— In reply to your letter of the 12th inst, I shall 1 have pleasure in meeting a deputation of your j Council the next time I am at Aberdovey, and will try to give you a week's notice of my visit. Such a meeting is not necessary to impress the Company with the desirability of improving the accommoda- tion at Aberdovey, as this is already apparent to my Directors, who hope to be able to effect the necessary improvements at an early date." HOME RULE Mr. D. C. Davies raised an objection to the method at present in vogue of the Aberdovey Com- mittee acting upon their decisions without first reporting to the Council; and intimated that he would bring the matter before the next meeting of the Council. ABERDOVEY LOANS. Mr. Rowlands gave notice that at the next meeting he would move that application he made to the Local Government Board to extend the period for the repayment of the Aberdovey loans from 30 to 50 years. RATES. The Clerk presented estimate expenditure for the ensuing half-year, and the following rates were passedTowyn General District Rate, 7d. in the £ and 2s. lid., making a total of 3s. 6d. same as last year; for the Aberdovey Sub-district, 4s. 9d.; Sub-district of Towyn, 5s. in the £ Highway, 3d.
THE MERIONETH AGRI- CULTURAL SOCIETY. The Merionethshire Agricultural Society is as flourishing as ever, and its financial position is very satisfactory. Last year's Show left a balance of R,112 12s. to the good, as compared with £28 14s. 4d. in the previous year. The flourishing position of the Society is owing chiefly to its courteous and energetic Secretary, Mr. E. M. Roberts, of Cefntreforisaf. This year's show, which will be the thirty-second, will be held at Dolgelley in September, the President for the year being Mr. Romer Williams, Dolmelynllyn, and the vice-presi- dent, Mr. Henry Evans, Escuan Hall. The entries for stock, etc.. close on the 30th of August, and for jumping and trotting on September 7th. Forms for entry may be had from the Secretary. Several new prizes are offered this year. Two new prizes are given by the President, namely, one for the best cart stallion, and one for the best hackney stallion. Extra prizes are also given by Mr. j. Leigh Taylor, of Penmaenuchaf; Mr. R. J. Lloyd Price, of Rhiwlas; Mr. C. E. J. Owen, Hentgwrt- uchaf: Mr. Holland, Caerdeon; Mr. W. N. Griffiths, Penmaen Mr. W. Ansell, and others. This year the Dogs Section will, for the first time, be held under the Kennell Club License. The District Committees are making active preparations, and an interesting aud success- | ful show is promised,
Business Notices. pm CARDIGASHIRE CARRIAGE ^y^TORKS J. G. WILLIAMS, PRACTICAL CARRIAGE BUILDER, CHALYBEATE s TREET, (Near Railway Station,) ABE ir.Y S T W Y T H NEW CARRIAGES of own Manufacture on -L* hand, of Best Material and Finest work- manship throughout. Rubber Tyres fitted to all Vehicles if required. J. G. WILLIAMS invites inspection of works, which is the largest and best equipped in the county. PRIVATE ADDRESS-I 3, BAKER STREET. JgMPORIUM, T REGARO-N. BEES JONES, IS now showing a large assortment of LADIES', MAIDS' and GIRLS' COSTUMES IN ALL SIZES, IX THE LEADING SHADES, AND OF THE L ATEST STYLES, FROM I Os. 6D. UP FOR LADIES' SIZE. DAVID HOWELL, GENERAL DRAPERY ESTABLISHMENT, 33 35, G REAT DARKGATE ST., AND 2, IARKET STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. w ELSH JjMAXNELS AXD (^HAWL?, I CARPETS AND LINOLEUMS. W. R. JONES, WATCHMAKER, JEWELLER, &c„ 32, Great Darkgate Street, ABERYSTWYTH. A large Assortment of JEWELLERY, in Gold, Silver, and Pebbles, Suitable for Presents, &c., also LADIES' AND GENTS' GOLD AND SILVER WATCHES. SPECTACLES AND EYE-GLASSES TO SUIT ALL SIGHTS. A Good Assortment of WEDDING, KEEPER, and GEM RINGS. FURNITURE. FURNITURE. FURNITURE. J. L. EVANS, COMPLETE HOU.SE FURNISHER CABINET MAKER & UPHOLSTERER, UREAT ARKGATE GTREET A BERYSTWYTH. FURNITURE, FURNITURE, FURNITURE DAVID WATKINS, WORKSHOP SEA VIEW PLACE. PRIVATE ADDRESS CUSTOM-HOUSE STREET. PAINTER, PLUMBER, PAPERHANGER, GLAZIER AND HOUSE DECORATOR. CHOICE ASSORTMENT OF PAPER- HANGINGS ALWAYS IN STOCK. SHEET LEAD PIPES, CISTERNS, &c., &c. HOLLIER'S COMMERCE HOUSE, JJRIDGE STREET & QUEEN STREET FOR FANCY GOODS AND CYCLING ACCESSORIES. THE HWISb Gazette" flberpstwptfc Chronick AND Ulest Ulales Advertiser, PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY, PRICE ONE PENNY. POST FREE FOR 6s. 6DL PER ANNUM PREPAID. PRINTING POSTERS. HANDBILLS. CIRCULARS. PROGRAMMES. INVOICES. BILLHEADS. MEMORANDUMS. BUSINESS CARDS. TIME SHEETS. RECEIPT BOOKS. DELIVERY BOOKS. "Cb UkisD Gazette" Office, BRIDGE STREET & GRAY'S INN RR. ABERYSTWYTH. List of some of the principal places where "Cb UlelsD Gazette" is sold: ABEKYSTWYTH. ABERAYRON. ABERDOVEY. ABERGYNOLWYN*. ABERLLEFENXY. ABERARTH. ARTHOG. BALA. BARMOUTH. BLAEXAU FESTIXIOG. BORTH. Bo STREET. BANGOR. CARDIGAN. CARMARTHEN. CARXARvox2 CEMMES. CELLAN. CoRRIS. CORWEN. CRICCIETH. CWMYSTWYTH. CRIBYN. DOLGELLEY. DINAS MAWDDWY. DERRY ORMOND. DIHEWYD. DYFFRYN. EGLWYSFACH. GOGINAN. HARLECH. LAMPETER. LLANFARIAN. LLANWNEN. LLANWENOG. LLAKARTH. LLAXDDEWI. LLANGEITHO. LLEDROD. LLANILAR. LLANON. LLANBEDR. LLANGYBI. LLANYBYTHER. LLANDYSSUL. LLANBRYNMAIR. LLANRHYSTYD. LLANUWCHLLYN. LLWYNGWRIL. MACHYNLLETH. MINFFORDD NEWCASTLE EMLYN. NEWQUAY. PENNAL. PONT LUNIO. PONTRHYDFENDIGAID. POHYDYGROES. PENRHYNDEUDRAETH. PORTMADOC. PENLLWYN. PONTERWYD. PENRHYNCOCH. TALYBONT. TREGARON. TALSARN. TALSARNAU. ToWYx. YSTRAD. YSPYTTY YSTWYTH LONDON. LIVERPOOL. MANCHESTER. PONTYPRIDD ADVERTlS150 Wa BOOK- STALL
♦ Life. That living flood pouring through these streets of all qualities and ages, knowest thou whence it is coming, whither it is going" From Eternity, onwards to Eternity These are apparitions what else ? Are they not souls rendered visible: in bodies, that took shape and will lose it, meltin- into air ? Their solid pavement is a picture of the sense; they walk on the bosom of nothing, blank time is behind them and before them. Friend, thou seest here a living link in that tissue of history, which inweaves all being; watch well, or y 11 it will be past thee, and seen no more. CARLYLE.
The Infinite Life. Humanity can only be the Supreme Being of our -world—it cannot be the Supreme Being of the Universe. If, in this our terrestrial sojourn, all we can distinctly know must be limited to the sphere of the planet, nevertheless, even here, we, standing on the ball of tearth and looking into the infinitude of which we know it to be but an atom, must irresistibly feel and know that the Humanity worshipped here cannot extend its dominion there. I say, therefore, that supposing our relations towards Humanity may one day be systematised into a distinct. cultus, and made a religion, and, supposing further, our whole practical priesthood to be limited to it, there must still remain for us, outlying this terrestrial sphere, the other sphere named infinite, into which our eager and aspiring thoughts will wander, carrying with them, as ever, the obedient emotions of love and awe. So that, beside the religion of Humanity, there must be a religion of the universe beside the conception of z: p humanity, we need the conception of God as the infinite life, from whom the universe proceeds, not in alien indifEerenoe, not in estranged subjection, but in the fulness of abounding power, as the in- carnation of resistless activity. In plainer lan- guage, there must ever remain the old distinction between religion and morality,—between our rela- tions to God and our relations to man-the only difference-botwceii the old and the new being that in the old theology moral precepts were incul- cated with a view to a celestial habit; in the new' -they will be inculcated with a view to the general progress and happiness of the race. G. H. LEWES.
CLERGY RELIEF BILL. WELSH MEMBERS FIGHT HARD. AN ALL-NIGHT SITTING. In the House of Commons on Thursday night Committee on the Clerical Tithes Bill was resumed, the twelve o'clock rule being suspended to enable this stage to be completed. In the course of the sittings the closure was frequently resorted to. It was past midnight when the Bill, as drafted, was disposed of, and the Committee proceeded to the consideration of new clauses. At two o'clock, after the motion to exclude Wales from the operation of the Act had been defeated by a majority of 113, the Committee was occupied in the discussion of a motion to report progress. Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, in supporting the motion, complained that while the Opposition had throughout the Session shown the greatest forbearance, patience, and consideration towards the Government, both in regard to domestic and foreign affairs, the Government, on the other hand, were attempting to outwit them and deprive them of reasonable opportunity of discussion. No doubt under those circumstances some of his sup- porters had been tempted to develop their argu- ments—(laughter)—when they found they were not having any effect. The motion to report progress was defeated by 216 to 107; majority 109. Mr. Humphreys-Owen then moved a new clause requiring that the amount of payments in respect of tithe rent charge should be certified by the Inland Revenue Commissioners to the local authorities. Mr. Long regarded the suggestion as a very admirable one, but said the clause was quite un- necessary, as such information was conveyed at present, and would be furnished without further legislation. The motion was discussed for nearly an hour, principally by the Welsh members. At 3 o'clock Mr. Long moved the closure, which was carried by 202 to 97; majority, 105. The clause was rejected by the same majority. Several other propose I new clauses were ruled out of order by the Chairman, and Mr. S. T. Evans next moved the adoption of a clause that the Bill should not apply in the case of benefices seques- tered by a writ of fiery facias de bonis ecclesias- tices' or any other writ of sequestration." At 3.30 the Committee entered upon the discussion of thie abstruse question of the ecclesiastical bankruptcy law, and Mr. Evans adorned his lucid explanatory speech with copious Latin quotations from legal authorities, which were greeted with much laugh- ter. The Solicitor-General declined to enter into the subtle question of the law, which he said they could discuss together at a more suitable time (laughter). He hoped the hon. member would be satisfied witlijthe display of erudition with which he bad favoured the Committee, and that he would not press the clause. The clause was, however, carried to a division without further discussion, although from the Ministerial Benches there were loud cries of Warner," indicating a desire to hear the views of Mr. Courtenay Warner on the subject. The clause was rejected by 201 to 97, the Ministry having suffered a defection of one supporter. The Chairman, passing over other proposed new clauses which were on the paper, was about to put the question that the Bill be reported to the House without amendment, when Mr. Labouchere rose without amendment, when Mr. Labouchere rose from his long sitting and made a pathetic appeal that he might be allowed to move a clause of which he had given notice providing that the County Council must adopt the Act before it could be applied within in the area. For three weary- days lie said he had been sitting, sitting, waiting, I 1 91 and hoping for the opportunity of moving it. The Chairman justified his prophecy of Wednes- day when he declared that it might be found that the egg was addled, for he now ruled that the pro- posal ought to have come as a proviso to Clause 1, and was therefore out of order. The Committee then divided on the question of the Bill being reported to the House without amend- ment, which was carried by 189 to 94 the reduced majority being greeted with loud Opposition cheers. The House then resumed, and at five past four Mr, Balfour moved that the'House do now adjourn, Mr. Lloyd-George withdrawing a charge which he had made against Mr. Ritchie of not having redeemed his promise to make certain returns.
LLANON. WATER SUPPLY-—Without entering into the slight difference between your Correspondent and Ceretico who appears to use any water if statistical statements can be turned to show that no deleterious effect follows his so doing, I think it is sufficient for the most incredulous to procure a copy of our experienced Medical OfBcer of Health's former reports. The statement of your corre- spondent turn pale as the moon when the king of day makes his appearance as compared with those reports. Llanon is a fairly healthy place, but we are indebted to nothing but to pure air, sandy soil, and a medical officer active in spite of the extreme inertness of all the Councils concerned. We cry plaintively here as the jeremiad of the Aberayron town clock last week We won't feel happy till we get it—pure water," and not water from depressions in the vicinity of the Peris and Cledan though such may be superior in quality to that supplied ;by the pump on Waun Trobvvll or the open well not far off. It is quality of water we want not quantity. Some may view quality of water with indifference, but pure water is an important factor in the life of A TEETOTALER. THE ORIGINAL SIDE.—Ceretico in your last issue seems to have gratified himself immensely by trying to refute a number of facts specified in my communication the previous week. Let us see how far he has succeeded. He has not ventured to deny that the churchyard drains river-wards a few yards above, or that a dirty stream passes by. The grass growing in plenty, as he states, on the few yards of filter bed between the well and the river is a proof that the water of the river must be extra nourishing. Thanks for your unintentional support; glad to meet you, in such straits (?). Does Ceretico really mean to state that four yards of a sandy river bed is an efficient filter. It my be a fair shift to catch the insoluble and suspended particles ill. the water but what of the soluble ingredients ? Yes, very many things are soluble, Ceretico. What would the people of Aberystwyth and the visitors thereto say if they were supplied with water from pits only four yards from one of the rivers there. The only thing Ceretico has tried to do, besides being amusing, is to inform your readers (grounds not stated) that the said well is not disturbed by the frolics of the denizens mentioned. That only five out of fifty have died in a certain period does not prove that the number might have been two or three if that bad well never existed. Should this bad well be preserved to spoil the natural advantages of the place? That more have died at Llanon in comparison during that period only proves that the bad water supplied to Llansant- ffraed is even better than that supplied to Llanon. What a state of things to be sure! "Mountaineer" begs to call to plainsman's" mind that even horses will not drink all kinds of water, though to us they be apparently clear and pure, that wisdom is general, and that there are as many empty shells on a sea-shore as anywhere. Again Ceretico has certified that the "iron table" is "still" where I stated, that it is supplied with papers, and that the table is used by members of the Reading Room free of charge. It is only a matter of Table procured by Committee" versus "Table supplied gratis for Committee's use." Well, not a grave error of judgement. By-the-by, why not form an order Knights of the Iron Table at such a convenient spot where those who are not blessed with a house on the main street can see and watch all who pass ? Why wander, Ceretico ? jWho said "artless?" You seem to have been in sore straits to prolong your communication to put in my mouth that "artless." Pray, dont he so unkind to the child of your own imagination. You remind me of an African savage setting up his Fetich," and at his convenience abusing it. Yes, the splendid (on the whole) and not "artless" buildings still point, I presume, to variouts poins of the compass, and I have no doubt that, but with few exceptions, the inhabitants are a superior class. Good-bye, Ceretico, stick to facts."—CORRESPONDENT.