Home Cookery, ORANGE JELLY.—Soak one teaspoonful of gela- tine in one teaspoonful of cold water, and dissolve in one tablespoonful of boiling water. Add two tablespoonfuls of sugar' one teaspoonful of lemon- juice and a; quarter of a cupful of orange-juice. Strain and mould as desired. The orange-jelly may be served in a variety of pretty ways. Baskets made from the orange skins with notched edges may be used, the jelly being moulded in it or cut in cubes or beaten after being moulded, then served in the baskets. Another way is to serve in sections of orange-peel or in boat shapes of lemon- peel, cutting the lemon lengthwise for these. If whipped cream is allowed with the jelly, half the orange skin may be tilled with the jelly, & the other half with whipped cream, the two being served tied together with white ribbon. Another way is to mould the jelly in small .glasses, beating part of it to give the appearance of froth on top.
The Spreading of Weeds. In this month's instalment of' The Farmer's Year,' Mr. Ridler Haggard expresses the opinion that it has been declared by competent courts of law that an action lies against a neighbour whose land produces an unreasonable crop of weed to the detriment of other land which is well farmed." The term unreasonable" used here is one which it would not be easy to define, but so far as the English courts are concerned we believe Mr. Haggard's view 'to be entirely mistaken. A man may grow what weeds he chooses, stock his land withl thistles, docks, or charlock, and let them grow regardless of whether they spread to other land or not; and there is no other remedy open to those who suffer in consequence. The well-known maxim which lays it down that a man must so use his own as not to injure others appears to have no applica- tion in this case. 40
Agricultural Holdings Act. Mr. Walter Long, the Minister of Agriculture, has definitely promised to introduce a bi-I amend- ing the Agricultural Holdings Act in the next session of Parliament. He admits that an amend- ment is necessary, and, without pinning himself to details, he promised that the bill shall be framed practically upon the lines of the recom- mendations of the Central Chamber of Agriculture. The changes demanded are in some points dis- tinctly radical. For example, we have the follow- ing demands formulated(1) 1-ayment tor the unexhausted value of the corn consumed by horses ,(2) payment for the unexhausted value of home- grown as well as purchased corn consumed by cattle, sheep. and pigs; (3) permission to make certain improvements without the consent of the landlord; (4) freedom of cultivation, with safe- guards in the landlord's interest; (5) freedom of sale, with safeguards in the landlord's interest; (6) payment for any improvements not otherwise specified which increase the value of the farm. These specifications are at the very root of the whole question; the arrangement of details is a secondary consideration, and we may as well re- gard the proposals relating to the appointment of valuers and the payment for their sen-ices in the same light.
I Killing Thistles. I After sending down its roots for a few inches the I thistle then sends out a number of lateral shoots or I root. To be successful in killing thistles they I must be cut off above the branching set of roots, I either by light ploughing, or by a cultivator with I broad shares, so that no thistles can escape when I once the field is gone over. Some thistle roots I penetrate very deeply, and it would not be an easy I matter to get to the bottom. Thistle roots have I been found 12 feet down in hard clay this need not I deter anyone when the main secret of killing them I is known, and that is to keep the thistles cut for I one single summer either by light ploughing or by 1 11 z!1 I any other means, and not let them at any time get I more than two or three inches high. Some hold I the mistaken idea that the best time to kill thistles I is when they are in full bloom. If thistles are I allowed to grow until they get in full bloom, I killing for that season is out of the question. The I root of the thistle is something like that of the I potato, in that each is composed principally of I starch. By the time potatoes get in full bloom I t.Vw.rr> will Y.O TA.wnr + t,V» £ >Sfi ■ could, oe grown from them next season. The very I same can be said of the thistle. While the atalk. is I growing: it will be storing away starcii in its root I like the potato, and by the time it is in full bloom I it will have stored away sufficient to live on for I another season; but, on the other hand, if they I are cut every time they appear above ground they I would be deprived of their breathing power, and I death would be the result. The leaves of a thistle I are just as important to sustain life as are the lungs I of an animal. An animal breathes through its ■ lungs, and a thistle breathes through its leaves so ■ no more could a thistle live without leaves than an I animal could without lungs. The main thing to be I observed is to cut the thistles before they get more ■ than 2 in. or 3 in. above the ground. Use any kind ■ of implement that will suit the varied conditions. ■ In meadow or grain fields the spud should be used, ■ and for a root crop the horse- and hand-hoe; but if ■ the thistles are very numerous and a summer fallow ■ is resorted to as a means of cleaning the land, then ■ the plough or cultivator with wide shares will be a ■ very suitable implement. Much can be done to- ■ wards reducing thistles by growing a thick crop of ■ rape this, grown thick, prevents the thistles from ■ having the full chance to develop, and will con- ■ sequently reduce them very much. Ploughing the ■ stubbles with a shallow furrow immediately after ■ harvest, and again later in the autumn, will reduce ■ them considerably, and will destroy all seedlings- ■ FARM AND HOME.
I PENLLWYN. SCHOLASTIC SUCCESS.—Mr. J. E. Morgan, Fron, Llangwrda, was successful in securing the B.A. degree of the Welsh University, having gained honours in history. He was educated at the Llan- dovery Grammar School prior to his entering the H University College of Wales. Mr. Morgan intends H going' to St. Michael's College, Aberdare, for Theo- logical training in September. ORJTUARY.—The remains of Mr. Evan Edwards, Myrtle Cottage, were interred at Bangor Church- yard on Saturday, when the Rev. M. Morgan, assisted by the Rev. T. Davies, curate, officiated. The funeral sermon was preached on Sunday evening, and appropriate hymns were sung, the organist also played the Dead March" »t the end. Mr. Edwards and his family at one time lived at Lovesgrove. He was very much respected z, by his neighbours, aud was possessed of great z, intellectual qualities. He was a faithful member of the Church of England.
t WIT AND WISDOM. 6- At the OxfordAssizes recently a man was placed in the dock on the charge of having stolen a horse, but a very clever counsel had been engaged for the defence and the construction he put upon the case, together with his eloquent pleading, had such an effect upon the jury that they brought in a verdict of Not guilty." After the man had left the court, he was accosted by a friend thus •' Now, look 'ere, Bill, its all over now, and I should like to know the truth. Did you really steal that horse 1" Well," says Bill, I don't mind telling you that when I stepped into the dock I thought I had but after listening to that lawyer chap I don't believe I did. Judge Before I pronounce sentence, prisoner, have you anything to say 1 Prisoner: Yes, my lord. Do unto others as you would they should do unto you.
The B.C.C.U. At a time when so much attention is paid to education, and when our Colleges are rapidly growing, it is satisfactory to understand that the religious life of students while in Colleges is not neglected. There is a very perfect organization known as the British College Christian Union, or more shortly the B.C.C.U., whose direct aim is to foster the christian life of students in the British Islands. One of its methods is to hold an annual conference extending over some nine days during the long vacation, when delegates, both men and women attend from practically all the colleges of our country. This year Aberystwyth has been chosen as the place of meeting, and the date arranged is from July 29th to August 7th. The men, some 200 in number, will camp out in a field above the County School, while the women, about equal in number to the men, will occupy the Alexandra Hall of Residence. The purpose of the Conference is officially expressed as follows To help students in the development of their spiritual life; to unite students of different colleges and faculties in christian fellowship; to confer con- cerning methods of carrying on christian work in colleges, and to emphasize the responsible position of stndents with reference to the evangelization of the world. The Sessions of the Conference will be held morning and evening in the Examination Hall of the Aberystwyth College, the afternoon being left free for recreation. Such subjects as the following will be treated "Bible Study, The Place of the Intellect in the Christian Life," "Prayer," Giving," Missionary Study." The speakers expected are numerous, and include many names well-known in the student world. We might mention the following: The Bishop of Sierra Leone, Rev. C. Lisle Carr, M.A., Cambridge; Rev. W. D. McLaren, M.A., Rev. G. A. Johnston Ross, M.A., Rev. R. P. Wilder, M.A., Frank Ander- son, B.A., J. Rutter Williamson, M.B., Miss Gollock, Miss Richardson, Miss Ruth Rouse. Ar- rangements have been made with several railway companies, including the Cambrian Railway, to issue return tickets to the conference at a fare and a quarter. The accommodation in the Examina- tion Hall being limited, the admission, we pre- sume, will be by a delegate's ticket only. We can only hone that the Conference will be in every way successful. Owing to the wide area from which the students will come we feel that the event will be a splendid advertisement for the town of Aberystwyth, and we trust that all the delegates shall feel that our collegiate town is in full sympathy with their noble endeavours.—B.A.
Welsh Industries Exhibition I A meeting of the Executive Committee was held on Monday morning at the College, and arrange- ments were made to get into communication with the weavers and manufacturers at once. The list of manufacturers is a considerable one—about three hundred—and it is probable that the number of entries will be large.
ABERYSTWYTH. Rural District Council. At the monthly meeting of the above Council, held at the workhouse on Monday there were present—Mr. John Morgan (vice-chairman), in the chair; Rev. John Davies, Caelanymaesmawr; Messrs Edward Jones, do; Lewis Richards, Cwm- rheidol John Morgan, do; William Morris, Cyfoethybrenin; R. 0. Jones, Henllys; W. A. Miller, fssayndre; R. Jenkins, Llancynfelin Evan Richards, Llanfihangel Lower; E. J. Evans, Llan- gwyryfon Daniel Morris, Llanilar Evan Lewis, Llanrhystyd Haininiog; Dr. Lloyd, Vaenor Lower. LLAKBADARN" FAWR WATER SUPPLY. Messrs George Jones and Son, engineers, wrote certifying that Mr. Wm. Edwards, the contractor in connection with the Llanbadarn Fawr Water Supply, had carried out the work to their entire satisfaction and in a manner that was very credit- able to himself. The small amount of extras— £35 5s Od—had been made necessary by certain deviations from the contract which could not have been foreseen. The whole amount—including the extras-was C661.-It was resolved that the bill be paid. PROPOSED NEW BRIDGES. With reference to the proposed new bridge near Llangwyryfon, Mr. E. J. Evans reported that members of the Committee appointed had visited the spot separately, and Mr. Loxdale had intimated his willingness to supply the stones. Mr, Charles Davies was willing to undertake the work for P,24 provided the Council became responsible for the cartage. The farmers in the district had promised to do the haulage of stones. Mr. Evan Richards pointed out that a bridge was greatly needed on this spot.—The matter was adjourned till the next meeting when an estimate 4r, of the cost will be submitted. A letter was read from Mr. J. E. James, in reference to the proposed bridge at Melindwr, stating that he would undertake to collect £ 15 towards the expense, and guarantee that the greater part of the haulage would be done free of charge.—The Surveyor was instructed to produce an estimate of the cost at next meeting. The District Surveyor presented tenders for the building of a bridge over the Clettwr.—It was resolved to hold a special meeting to consider the matter, and to obtain tenders from local firms in the meantime. ENLARGING A GUTTER. An application was received from Mr. Joel Morgan, of Pwlluchaf, Llanfihangel Lower, for permission to enlarge a gutter across the highway near Pwllucha Farm, for the purpose of carrying water from a water wheel recently erected on the farm.—Mr. E. Richard moved that permission be granted.—Carried. LLANBADARN WATER SUPPLY. A letter was read from the Town Clerk (Mr. A. T XI-~otatiug that the application of the i,:sion to connect had been considered by the Town Council at their meeting, held on the 14th inst., and a resolution wa.s passed that no connection be allowed except those included with the scheme which was sanctioned by the council and approved by the Local Government Board, and the Borough Sur- veyor was instructed to cast off any private supply made forthwith. II— ■■■
LLANON. THE OTHER SIDE.—In the columns of last week's Welsh Gazette I noticed some comments on Llanon. The commentator was a worthy gentleman, who had, or said that he had, paid a visit to the above place, and who had during his stay, whether real or imaginary, noticed three peculiarities attached to the place. The water supply of the "little village by the church" as it pleases him to call the diminutive village of Llan- santffread, seems to have tickled him in no small degree. Although I admit that the water supply is bad, and that steps should immediately be taken by the District Council to remedy the defects, yet the microscopic insects referred to by our dis- tinguished visitor seem to be nourishing and help- ful to life. During the last ten years only five out of a population of fifty have "shuffled off this mortal coil" from the little village of Llansant ffread, while from Llanon, which is taken as one of the most healthy places of the coast or Cardigan- shire, no fewer than one hundred and twenty out of a population of eight hundred odd, have suc- cumbed to the Great Destroyer. Of these five, two were over eighty years old, one over seventy, and another a new-born babe. Three of the present inhabitants can look back on their eightieth birthday, while ten have either reached or are on the verge of seventy. The children without a single exception are a picture of health. Moreover, the well referred to by the gentlemen in question is not in such a pitiable state as he makes it out to be. Between it and the river there is about a yard of earth on which the green grass shows itself in plenty, another yard which is or has been used as a pathway, and two more yards of shingle. Thus the river water, as it passes through, is well filtered, and is, if not totally, °at least partly purified. In my opinion the terror inspiring denizens of the well are not such death dealing creatures as our visitor imagines, but one can not help picturing him to oneself as he as he thought of the horrid things and saying in a woe-bygone tone to think of it." Ladies who generally scream at the sight of a mouse or a frog have been outdone by our friend, the correspondent, who shudders at a few little insects which must be viewed through a powerful microscope before they acquire visible dimensions. The hap-hazard and artless way in which the houses are built and the reading room also excited our friend's curiosity. Perhaps he would like to pay us another visit, to give our contractors and masons some tips in the building line. The society of a mountaineer is always pleasant to a plainsman, or does the history of the world show that it is the other way about, if I may use such a term ? However that may be, he would receive a courteous welcome if the Llanonians will follow their usual course. I may also inform him that the iron table outside the Reading Room has no connection whatever with the institution. He should remember that it is exceedingly pleasant, during the sultry summer days to read in the open air especially when the room itself is crammed with members. Our learned adviser should, before he ever attempts to criticise again, cultivate carefully the acquisition of facts, without the attainment of which criticism of course ends in a disastrous and distressing failure. CERETICO.
TREFECCA COLLEGE. Among the successful candidates at the entrance examination to Trefecca College is Mr. David John, a young man who until recently had for many years served as a porter at the Llantwit Vardre Taff Yale Railway Station. Mr. John came out sixth on the list, being preceded by three and succeeded by two candidates who had passed the London matriculation examination. He was self- taught, but was coached by Mr. Lewis Williams, headmaster of the local board schools, where Mr. John was educated in his younger days. He took all the subjects at the examination.
Mr. William Ambelton, farmer, Pontnewynydd, committed suicide on Monday morning by taking carbolic acid. Dr. Mulligan, J.P., Abersychan was summoned, but his efforts were unavailing. Mr. Ambelton had been depressed for a considerable time. A little while ago his daughter committed suicide, and this fact had doubtless preyed on his mind.
ABERYSTWYTH. Visitors at chis charming watering-place have been favoured with delightful weather. Messrs Morris' and Mr. Phillips' convey- ances are well patronized. Coaches and char- a-bancs now iun daily to the famous Devil's Bridge, the picturesque vale of Llyfnant, and other attractive spots. Devil's Bridge and the Falls of the Rheidol are at their best just now, The recent rains have added to the grandeur and majesty of the cascades by swelling the volume of their waters. Golfers find the Borth links well worth visiting now that the trains are so conven- ient. The Town Band has secured a uniform for its members, and the men look very bright and smart in their new outfit, and the music as well as the appearance of the Band has improved immensely in the estima- tion of some people. Indeed, one lady visitor, who must have been in blissful ignorance ot the metamorphosis 01 the old garbs, was heard to remark that the playing of the new Military Band was far superior to that of the Town Band. The Promenade is now getting crowded in the evenings. ZD
BARMOUTH. The weather has been most enjoyable and visitors and tourists are having a delightful time. The sands are in excellent condition, and sea bathing is much indulged in. The mountains have been covered by passing clouds of mist during the past few days and when these "trailing clouds of glory" rise like a curtain from the hillsides the scenery receives a new charm and an added splendour. The estuary is simply glorious. The hues of heaven play on its waters and its banks are green with sward and foliage. The distant prospect, from the Bridge is ex- quisite. A good number visit Harlech Castle and Cwmbychan Lakes; others make more memorable feats by climbing up Cader. For picnic and a quiet day out of town, where on ear'h can you get such a pretty little spot as Arthog. Away from the dusty roads the heat of the noon-day sun you can here rest In peace in shady lanes and listen throughout the livelong day to the chirping of birds and the babbling of brooks. What a great convenience it would be to have a subway leading from Beach Road to Marine Terrace. The Council has done a good deal for the material comfort of visitors in the past; would it be too much for them to get this improvement also carried out. By accomplishing this little piece of necessary work the Council would surely earn the gratitude of generations of visitors. -0-
ABERDOVEY. Aberdovev is undoubtedly growing in el popularity as well as in size. Its special charms and merits as an idyllic watering place have been made known to a wider public than ever through its golf links. The links, by the way, remind us of the grand tournament to be held here this summer. Dr. Bonner is making active preparations to bring the proceedings to a successful issue. Sailing, rowing, and fishing are carried on with zest. The drive along the banks of the Estuary on the Pennal Road are unsur- passed. We expect a busy time when the English schcols break up for holidays.
fAwrtrnt Visitors are now flocking in daily. The country is at its best after recent rains. Visitors speak in the highest terms of the marked progress that has been made in the place of late years, Our toy railway which runs through a picturesque district, is well patronised these days. If you want to get away from the coast for a day you cannot do better than take a trip to Aber with the narrow gauge. The roads are in splendid condition for cycling, and not a few spend their leasure hours on the wheel. Day trips to Barmouth and other places on the coast are well patronized. ■»
ABERAYRON. We are wondering why people don't flock in in crowds, now that the weather is so favour- able and the country so delightful. Later on the place will be quite overcrowded for a short time. Would it not pay our Council to publish forth to the world-" Yn awr yw yr amser cymmeradwy," and that on big posters and in big letters that call the eye from afar, as Carlyle was wont to say. Then perhaps our visitors would distribute them- selves a little more evenly through the season. The new trains on the M. and M. Railway are a great improvement, and it is expected they will bring some good results to this place.
LLWYNGWRIL. A good number of visitors find a delightful retreat in this picturesque little village every year. Commodious new houses have been built of late in the neighbourhood, and there is excellent accommodation in the larger farm houses. The visitor is sure of a good supply of pure butter and milk at this village—whatever else it may lack. The weather has been very favourable for out- ings. Trips are made along the coast to places of interest, and some find a rare sport in catching crabs among the rocks.
ft -.40. HARLECH. The old castle draws a large number of day trippers to this ancient and picturesque town. Visitors also are coming in daily and there is a good demand for apartments. The golf links are in excellent order, and claim a good number of votaries. Our visitors spend their time in climbing the many hills and crags in the neighbourhood and enjoying unrivalled sea and mountain scenery.
Among Hills and Dales. LAMPETER. If you want a quiet summer retreat you cannot make a better choice than Lampeter. Visitors who are weary of the sea will find every comfort and convenience at this little inland town. There is excellent accommoda- tion at very moderate charges. Day ex- cursions may be made to the country at low fares. The vale of Tivy is well worth a visit at this time of the year. Anglers will find Lampeter a convenient centre, and cyclists will find some good roads through a delight- ful tract of country. Traps may be hired at low fares to visit places of interest in the neighbourhood and cheap day trips may be made on the M. & M. Railway.
ROUND THE CHURCHES. [NOTE.—We have pleasure in stating that a short article will appear here weekly from the pen of Philip Sydney. It will, as a rule, deal with some topic of local interest other than the purely theological and political. Communications for the writer's consideration may be sent to him c/o Editor. Welsh Gazette."I SILOH (WELSH) CALVINISTIC METHODIST. Electric light and organ, two sermons and the Lord's Supper, 617 worshippers and a freshly painted chapel—all these combined in one evening's service three hours long would surely make John Calvin stare, could he but have been present in Siloh last Sunday—who knows, perhaps, he was there in spirit 1 A note of enterprise and deter- mination most assuredly is stamped upon this large congregation; evidently it is nothing if not up to the times in matters now largely deemed essential to the proper conduct of public worship. Siloh is to be congratulated on the good taste it has displayed in the recent restoration of its house of prayer, it being the first chapel in the town to adopt the electric light; and whilst doing so much to please the eye it has also attended to the im- portant matter of ventilation, with such a measure of gratifying success as to make it possible for the large number of worshippers to be present on a summer evening without a particle of discomfort. This is all the more pleasant to note on account of adverse comments in recent articles on this vital question; and because it is evidence that it is possible to overcome difficulties, and to ensure a certain amount of pure air for a large building when fully occupied. Another feature, not uncommon in English cathedrals and in many churches and chapels, is also met with here, the only place, I fancy, in the town, viz., the placing of the organ console and key-board some distance from the organ itself, and thus bringing the player both in front of the preacher and close to the choir. The advantages are so palpable that it is to be hoped other chapels will adopt the same plan. Few preachers really care to have a body of choristers and the organist within a foot or two of the back of their heads What an improvement it would make, for instance, in the Portland-street Church, if the organist and choir sat in the front of the pulpit on the ground floor, the fine organ, of course, remaining in its cl present chamber. Certainly Siloh takes no second place in the matter of its singing popular tunes were rightly the order for the re-opening services, and critical indeed must be the person who would desire to hear" Aberystwyth, and Sandon (Lead Kindly Light), better and more correctly sung. The organist's opening voluntary, jubilant and powerful, came as a clear trumpet-call to worship and bow down." It is also the small things too which add greatly to the comfort of the worshippers, the deadening- of the footfall in the aisles by the use of plain linoleum, the quiet closing of the doors as soon as the opening hymn was over, thus shutting out all sound of late comers (why are there always lag- behinds for public worship ?) in the vestibule, and the subdued organ voluntary during the collection, which greatly minimises the necessary chink of the coins as they fall on the plates. Even though it be an occasion of especial jubila- tion such as the reopening service, the wisdom of having two sermons, each of 40 minutes length, in the one service is greatly to be doubted. For the first sermon, so fluently preached by the pastor of the congregation, there was all attention and interest, for the second sermon, with only a very short hymn between them, there were certainly many closed eyes and bowing heads. If we may use the popular expression, it was verily hard lines" on the second man, who by the way mechanically opened and closed the pulpit Bible just 29 times during his discourse. Then to follow this already long service and the two sermons with the most solemn service known to any church is surely to place the communicants at a disadvantage, and to render their frames of mind less receptive than desirable. As we listened to these sermons the thought of Canons Scott Holland and Knox Little following each other in St. Paul's Cathedral came to our minds • it was too much! Enough is as good as a feast.' The young minister who opened this long service, was at times barely audible at the far end of the chapel, he should be glad to know this, for confi- dence will come with practice, if he will read a chapter weekly aloud to the waves on Clarach shore he will be surprised how, in a few times, his voice will be his servant and carry where he will. As we close these articles for a season the facts are borne in upon us that attendance at divine worship in Aberystwyth compares most favourably with any other town of its size we can only pray that such a laudable habit would make the work- man a better workman, the master a better master, Q, man who promises the better man at keeping such 11:- J "• _i _c f:<w1. should indeed be amongst us. PHILLIP SIDNEY.
oJ'" CAMBRIAN RAILWAYS. NATIONAL EISTEDDFOD OF WALES AT CARDIFF, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, July 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st, and 22nd, 1899. CARDIFF COUNTY HORTICULTURAL SHOW, JULY 19th & 20th SECOND CHORAL COMPETITION, THURSDAY, JULY 20TH. ON THURSDAY, JULY 20th, A CHEAP EXCURSION will be run to -,I CARD IFF (RHYMNEY RAILWAY). Times of Starting Third Class Return Fares. Thursday, July 20th.1 —————————-—————— a.m. 1 DAY. 2 DAYS. 3 DAYS. Aberystwyth 5 5 Bow Street 5 15 Llanfihangel 5 20 Borth 5 25}- 5/6 i 9/6 Ynyslas 5 30 Glandovey 5 40 Machynlleth 6 0/ Glandovey 5 40 Machynlleth 6 0 Cemmes Road 6 10 ) Llanltrynmair 6 205/- 6/6 9/- Carno 6 35) 1 Pontdolgoch 6 40"} Caersws 6 45 f I(t a Q Moat Lane 6 55 j 4/0 D/- o/~ Llandinam 7 0 j Llanidloes 7 10 ) Rhayader 7 40 ( 4/- 5/6 7/6 Newbridge-on-Wye 7 55) Builth Wells 8 15 3/6 5/- 7/- First Class Tickets issued at double the Third Ciass Fares. Children under 3 years of age Free above 3 and under 12, Half.price. PASSENGERS RETURN AS UNDER Day Trip Passengers at 7.30 p.m. on Thursday, July 20th, from Cardiff (Rhymney Railway Station). Two Days Passengers return by 11.20 a.m. Ordinary Train on July 21st, from Cardiff (Rhymney Railway Station). Three Days Passengers return by 11.20 a m. Ordinary Train on July 22nd, from Cardiff (Rhymney Railway Station). ON MONDAY, JULY 17th, AND TUESDAY, JULY 18th, CHEAP EXCURSION TICKETS will be issued to CARDIFF. Times of ThirdClass From Starting. lieturii Fares. a.m. Caersws 9 5^ Carno 8 51 Llanbrynmair 8 37 )■ 9s. 6d. Cemmes Road 8 25 Machynlleth 8 15/ Corris 7 40) in, GHandovey 7 52 f Ynyslas 740 Borth 7 351 Llanfihangel 7 30 Bow Street 7 25 1 A Aberystwyth 7 15 lUs. OCl. Aberdovey 9 48 Towyn 9 38 Barmouth. 9 5 Dolgelley 8 35 12s. Harlech 7 53 Penrhyndeudraeth 7 7 Minffordd. 7 44 1 9« firl Portmadoc 7 40 Criccieth 7 25 Afon Wen 7 15 Pwllheli 7 0) Passengers can return by undermentioned Trains on any date up to and inclusive of Monday, July 24th, except Sunday, July 23rd. From Cardiff (Taff Vale) at 7.50 a.m. From Cardiff (Rhymney) at 8.35 a.m. First Class Tickets issued at double Third Class Fares. Children under 3 years of age, Free above 3 and under 12 Half-price.
CAMBRIAN RAILWAYS. WEEK-END TICKETS are issued every FRIDAY and SATURDAY from all L. &: N. W. and G.,W. Stations in LONDON TO ABERDOVEY, ABERYST- WYTH, DOLGELLEY, AND BARMOUTH. Available for return on the following Sunday (where train service permits) Monday, or Tuesday. For full particular see small hand bills. CHEAP WEEK END EXCURSION TICKETS ARE NOW ISSUED ON EVERY FRIDAY AND SATURDAY TO .Birmingham, .Wolverhampton, *Walsall, Peter- borough, *Leicester, "'Derby, *Burton-on-Trent, ♦Stafford, .Coventry, Manchester, Preston, Black- burn, Bolton, Leeds, Dewsbury, Huddersfield, Liverpool, Birkenhead, Wigan and Warrington FROM Oswestry, Llanymynech, Llanfyllin, Montgomery, Welshpool, Newtown, Llanidloes, Machynlleth, Borth, Aberystwyth, Aberdovey, Towyn, Barmouth, Dolgelley, Harlech, Portmadoc, Penrhyndeudraeth, Criccieth, and Pwlheli, Similar tickets are issued from Aberystwyth, Borth, Aberdovey, Towyn, Barmouth, Dolgelley, Harlech, Penrhyndeudraeth, Portmadoc, Criccieth, and Pwllheli to SHREWSBURY. ♦Tickets to these Stations are not issued from Welshpool. Passengers return OR the Monday or Tuesday following issue of ticket. THOUSAND-MILE TICKETS. The Cambrian Railways Company issue FIRST CLASS 1,000 and 500 MILE TICKETS, the coupons of which enable the purchasers to travel between Stations on the Cambrian Railways during the period for which the tickets are available until the coupons are exhausted. The price of each is -9,5 5s Od 1,000 miles, and Z2 17s 6d, 500 miles being about lid per mile. Application for the 1,000 or 500 mile tickets must be made in writing, giving the full name and address of the purchaser and accompanied by a remittance, to Mr W. H. Gough, Superintendent of the Line, Cambrian Railways, Oswestry (cheques to be made payable to the Cambrian Co. or order), from whom also books containing 100 certificates for authorising the use of the tickets by purchasers' family, guests, or employees can be obtained. price 6d each book; remittance to accompany order. C. S. DENNISS, General Manager. Oswestry, March 1899. 'I, Educational. MISS PHILLIPS, CERT. R.A.M., R.C.M., AND TRINITY COLLEGE, LONDON, QRGANIST OF ^^TESLEY £ jHURCH, With experience in successfully preparing for tfao above Examinations. Receives Pupils for Organ, Pianoforte, and Singing. Terms on Application. ADDRESS 34, PIER STREET. HIGH SCHOOL FOIl GIRLS VICTORIA HOUSE, v I C T 0 R I A (MARINE) T ERRACE, A BERYSTWYTH. J SEPARATE KINDERGARTEN. PRINCIPAL Miss KATE B LLOYD. Certificated Mistress, Assisted by a Staff of highly qualified Resident Governesses. REFERENCES- Thomas Jones, Esq., B.A., H.M. Inspector of Schools, Llanelly; The Rev. O. Evans, D.D., King's Cross, London. E. H. Short, Esq., H.M. Inspector, Aberystwyth. Principal Edwards, D.D., Bala Theological College. Principal Roberts, M.A., U.C.W. Principal Prys, M.A., Trevecca College. Dr Scholle Aberdeen University. Rev T. A Penry, Aberystwyth. Pupils prepared for the London and Welsh Matricu- lations, Oxford and Cambridge Examinations, &c. For Terms, &c., apply PRINCIPAL. ABERYSTWYTH COUNTY SCHOOL HEADMASTER MR. DAVID SAMUEL, M.A., (Cantab). SENIOR MISTRESS: J^ £ ISS JUDITH M. EWART, M.A., (Vict) ASSISTANT MASTERS AND MISTRESS: M \V. PEAES0S FCLLEVM4: 31 R. rjlHOMAS QWENS, Late Headmaster of the Aberystwyth Commercial and Grammar School. m- ISS MAUDE JJUGHES, B.Sc. (Lond) DRAWING MR. J. H. APPLETON, Cert. Art Master. DRILL SERJEANT-MAJOR W. J LONG. JOHN EVANS, 6, Portland Street, Clerk. Aberystwyth. Business Notices. TEMPERANCE COMMERCIAL HOTEL. STATION TERRACE, LAMPETER. Two Minutes walk from the Railway Station. WELL-AIRED BEDS. BATH ROOM. CHARGES MODERATE PROPRIETOR—Miss S. A. WALTERS. BUY YOUR MEDICINES FROM: DAYIES BROS., THE PHARMACY, LAMPETER. ALL DRUGS AND CHEMICALS OF GUARANTEED PURITY. MR. STEPHEN H. EYANS AUCTIONEER, LAND AGENT AND VALUER. OFFICES HARFORD SQUARE, LAMPETER. FOR HIGH-CLASS OUTFITS GO to TOM JONES, COLLEGE STREET, LAMPETER LATEST STYLE IN TAILORING COM- BINED WITH MODERATE CHARGES. ARTIFICIAL TEETH. MR. JAMES REES (Seventeen years with Messrs. Murphy and Rowley). £ fJlRINITY J>LACE, ^BERYSTWYTH. Mi? REES visits TREGARON first and last Tuesday in each Month at Mrs. Williams, Stanley House. Visits Machynlleth the Second and Fourth Wednes- days in each Month at Mrs. R. Jones, Pentre- rhydin Street (opposite Lion Hotel). Corns on the 1st and 3rd Saturday in each month at Mr W. Evans, Grocer, Liverpool House, (opposite Slaters Arms. Visits Lampeter the First and Third Fridays in each Month, at R. Evans, milliner, 18, Harford Square. CHARGES MODERATE. FOR PURE CONFECTIONERY IN ALL VARIETIES GO TO MORGANS', AT 16, TERRACE ROAD, 27, PIER STREET, AND AT WHOLESALE DEPOT- 55, NORTH PARADE. ABERYSTWYTH The only practical Sugar-Boiler in the town. Fifteem years experience. Shops supplied at lowest terms. FOR THE BEST SELECTION OF ALL KINDS OF TOOLS, TABLE CUTLERY, ELECTRO-PLATED GOODS, POCKET KNIVES, RAZORS AND SCISSORS,, CALL AT WM. II. JONES' IRONMONGERY AND TOOL DEPOT, J^ £ ARKET GTREET, ABERYSTWYTH ALSO THE LARGEST STOCK OF ENAMELLED WARE IN TOWN.
I ARTHOG. MUSICAL.—Miss Arnfield, of Arnfield's Music Warehouse, Dolgelley, has been appointed to the post of organist at the Parish Church, and com- el menced her duties on the 1st Sunday in July. FAREWELL.—On Sunday evening, the Rev. E. Jones Edwards, on behalf of the members of Zion church, bade farewell to two of the most faithful members. The first was Mr. Thomas Lewis (junior), of Glanywern, who left during the week for Altrincham, to undertake the post of manager at Messrs. Clibran aud Sons' nurseries. Mr. Lewis has been a faithful member of Zion church, and has been also very energetic in every branch of public work. He was the member for this district en the Board of Governers of the Barmouth County ■ School, and the members at the last meeting ex- pressed their regret that they were losing such a ■ faithful member. The second is Mr. Evan H. Jones, who accompanies Mr. Lewis as secretary. Mr. Jones has been very faithful in various ■ branches. During the last few years he was acting ■ as assistant clerk to Barmouth Urban District ■ Council, and at the last meeting of the Council it ■ was decided to give him a testimonial. It is hoped that both friends will be successful in their new H spheres. Mr. Lewis' departure has a gloomy aspect, H as having buried his beloved wife lately he leaves ■ the children in the district.
Early College Recollections. BY MR. JOHN DAVIES, LIVERPOOL. III. The Church in Wales-as an institution—took no part in the national enthusiasm for educational progress, and like the aristocracy, kept aloof from the movement. Prominent among individual mem- bers of the Church who rendered valuable assist- ance, by voice and pen, was the widely-respected Rector of Neath (the Rev. John Griffith), whose popularity in Nonconformist circles, was as great as it was in bis own denomination. Scarcely a meeting of any importance in con- nection with educational matters was held, which he did not attend, to advocate with impassioned eloquence the claims of the College on national support; and no record of the movement in its early stages, can be complete, which does not recognise the yeoman's service he rendered, and the undying gratitude of his countrymen. Among the Welsh aristocracy again, there was one noble exception in the late Lord Aberdare, the memory of whose splendid services will remain a valued heritage to Welshmen for generations to come. It is difficult to account for the inaction of the Church, seeing that the intention of the College promoters was to make an application to the Government, conjointly with St. David s College, Lampeter, for a grant and charter for founding a University for Wales; but in every national move- ment the Church has invariably stood aside, jealous apparently of the fact that Nonconformity has been in modern times the originator of, and pro- minent factor in, almost every movement for the public good in Wales. It is this aloofness, this ostentatious pretension of a fancied superiority smirch in Wales, on so manv f.h^t has lost to the » the con- The success which attended the Aberystwith meeting determined the Liverpool committee in the autumn of 1873 to hold a similar meeting in Liverpool. The Mold Eisteddfod was held in the summer of that year, and among the invited presidents was the Mayor of Liverpool (Mr. Edward Samuelson, J.P.), whose wife was a Welsh lady proud of her country and her language. In the course of his address he alluded to the subject which was then agitating the mind of the country, namely, the thirst for higher education, and the desire to found a University; expressing a wish that it might be in his power to do something to aid the movement during his term of office. He informed his audience that on his return to Liverpool, he would place himself in communica- tion with the local committee, with the view of giving official recognition to the meeting which it was intended to hold in the course of the autumn in furtherance of the project. Shortly after his return he intimated his wish to see me, and suggested that the proposed meeting should be made an important one, that Members of Parliament favourable to the scheme should be in- vited to attend, and added that he would most willingly preside on the occasion. It was decided-by the local committee to hold the meeting on the 31st October. Mr. Hugh Owen came down to assist in making the necessary arrangements, and promises of attend- ance were received from several influential gentle- men. In the meantime advantage was taken of Mr. Owen's presence in town to introduce him to such of our townsmen as had remained deaf to the appeals and blandishments of our local committee. and in the majority of instances he succeeded in securing promises of subscriptions. The date upon which jjthe meeting was to be held was in many respects an unfortunate selection, inasmuch as it was the evening preceding the November Municipal Elections, which, as is gener- ally known, are contested in Liverpool on political grounds. On this occasion party feeling ran high and the seats of several out-going councillors were contest- ed. A few days before the meeting, the Liberals de- cided to oppose the Mayor, whose term of office as Councillor expired on the 31st, and as his opponent, Mr. Radcliffe (a member of the firm of Milner & Co., the celebrated Safe manufacturers, and afterwards M.P., for Evesham), was felt to be a formidable candidate, I was not greatly surprised to receive a note from the Mayor requesting to see me. He explained that owing to the ungracious opposition to his re-election, which the Liberals had started at the last moment, whilst his hands were tied, so to speak, compelled him to give up his intention of presiding at the college meeting on the 31st, as his party insisted upon him fighting the ward, and utilising the short time at his disposal in address- ing the electors. I pointed out the very serious difficulty in which such a decision would place the Committee, and expressed the opinion that his refusal to take the chair might possibly be resented by his Welsh sup- porters in the ward as an insult, and would result in the loss of votes. The same idea, he said, had occurred to him, but whilst regretting the unfortu- nate cause which necessitated his action, he had no alternative, owing to party pressure which had been brought to bear upon him to defend his seat, but to ask the committee to appoint another chairman. As it was now Wednesday morning, and the meeting was to be held on Friday evening, there was no time to be lost. I at once telegraphed to Mr. W. Rathbone, M.P., who was staying at his seat in Windermere, stating that the Mayor had disappointed us owing to political exigencies, and asking if under the circumstances he would oblige the Committee by presiding in his place. He at once wired a favourable reply, and intimated his intention of returning that day to Liverpool. In the course of the day I met the Editor of the Liverpool Mercury," and in reply to his enquiries as to the College meeting, I informed him of the dilemma in which the Mayor's conduct had placed us, and of our good fortune in having secured the services of Mr. Rathbone at such short notice. Next morning the following editorial appeared in the Mercury." The Mayor and the Welsh University." It will be recollected that the Mayor of Liver- pool attended one of the meetings of the Eisteddfod at Mold, and he expressed great interest in Wales and the inhabitants thereof, more especially as his wife was a native of the Principality. The Welshmen of Liverpool who take an interest in the University College of Wales naturally thought that his worship, after so much profession would also take an interest in the higher education of the Welsh people, and they placed themselves in direct communication with him on the subject. The Mayor entered warmly into the subject, suggested that a public meeting should be called during his Mayoralty, and expressed his willingness to preside. The meeting has accordingly been advertised for Friday next, gentlemen of all shades of politics have agreed to attend, and the result can be seen from the letter of a correspondent, upon whose testimony we can implicitly rely. Our corres- pondent writes, Mr. Edward Samuelson has told the promoters of the Welsh University Meeting. After having suggested the meeting and promised to take the chair, he gave them the choice of four nights and approved of the one selected. The z;1 placards, invitations and cards of admission having been issued, all bearing his name as chairman, he yesterday wrote to say that"»he could not take tne chair unless the meeting could be postponed for a few days. He explained verbally that he had to take this course in consequence of 'party pressure,' and in view of the contest in West Derby Ward." Comment upon such a proceeding is unnecessary. If there are any Welshmen :in West Derby Ward, who have a spark of patriotism in their bosoms, they will resent such an insult to their nationality, and refuse to support the man-whether Mayor or Magistrate—who for "party purposes ignores his promises, and treats with disdain an institution which is deserving of the support of all who are interested in the education of the people." (To be continued). +
LLANDYSSUL. FRIENDLY SOCIETlES.-The twenty-fourth annual meeting of the Christmasia Friendly Society, whose headquarters are at the King's Head Hotel, was held on Wednesday, the 21st ult., presided over by Mr. D. Jones, Black Swan (chairman). The following officers were elected for the ensuing yearChairman, Mr John ievaiis, Charles-street; trustees, Rev. William James, B.A., J.P. Mr. Evan Evans, The Shop; and Mr. J. Evans, solicitor (re-elected); treasurer, Mr. J. F. H. Buckley, Llanelly (re-elected); secretary, Mr. D. Bowen Jones, Bridge-street (re-elected); when the follow- ing were elected for the ensuing half-year- Chairman of the Management Committee, Mr. J. Evans, Charles-street; stewards, Messrs. J. S. Jones, King's Arms, and T. Thomas, Bolahaul. On the balance sheet being submitted, it was seen that the full value of the society was P,687 12s. 2d., being B5 4s. 2id. per member, the members numbering 131, which was an increase of four during the last year, while the increase financially was E14 11s. 4d. As customary the annual dinner was partaken of, Mr. J. Evans, The Half Moon Hotel, being the caterer, and the work of providing the dinner was under the supervision of Mrs. James Evans, Abercerdin. The universal verdict was that this year's dinner greatly excelled all those of previous occasions.—The forty-fourth annual meeting of the Llandyssul Benefit Society was held at the Headquarters (Porth Hotel) a few days previously, under the presidency of Mr. John Evans, Well Villa (chairman). The following were appointed officers for the ensuing twelve months —Chairman of Management Committee, Mr. David Jones, Black Swan: vice-chairman, Mr. John Edwards, Bridge-street; trustees, Mr. S. D. Thomas, Spring Gardens; Mr. Evan Evans, The Shop; and Mr. John Evans, solicitor (re-elected); treasurer, Mr. Daniel Evans, C.C., Glandeifi (re-elected); secretary, Mr. D. B. Jones, tailor, Bridge-street (re-elected). The following were elected officers for the coming six months;- Chairman of the Society, Mr. J. Rees, Marble $tone Hall; stewards, Mr. John Evans, Spring Croft, and Mr. Enoch Jones, Pontwelly. The society has increased in value during the last twelve months— £ 6 13s. 71d., while the members were increased by three, making a total of 350. The value of the Society is now Lgag Os. 4d., being iZZ 16s. 6d. per member. A meeting of the Man- agement Committee was held on Wednesday week for the examination of books and accounts, which were found correct. The Committee decided to deposit the sum of £50 in the Post Office Savings Bank. LECTURE.—On Wednesday, the 27th of June, Rev. T. Cynfelyn Benjamin, the well-known bard and lecturer of Mid-Cardiganshire, delivered his lecture, Pymtheg mlynedd oddicartref," to a large audience at Pisgah Independent Chapel, Mr. Mor- gan Evans, Oakford, being appointed to the chair. The audience was very much pleased with his dig- nified manner of speaking, and tears was seen on many a face when he read his sorrow- ful verses on Bedd y Cymro yn y Coed." The proceeds were to support Mr. John Davies, Maes- gwyn, who had suffered a long and painful indis- position; but to our grief he died about a week ago, therefore they were given to his daughter, Mary Davies. OTTER HOUNDS.-Last week the Otter Hounds paid a visit to this district. On Wednesday they met at Henllan Bridge, and although the day was showery, a 'good sport was had. Two were caught this day, the first at Dol-y-brenin, and the second at Pwll Du Dancoed. On Friday they began at the last place named, and in a short time the enemy was seen, and after a good sport he was caught not far from the place where his partner was caught on Wednesday. Another was caught a little higher than Llandyssul at Pwll Cyfing, which numbered the ninth that these hounds caught on the Teifi this season. WEDDING.—The marriage of Captain J. Lloyd Jones, of Cloth Hall, Pantdefaid, and Miss Jennie Evans, the youngest daughter of the late Mr. James and Mrs. Evans, Gefeile, near Llandyssul, took place at Pantdefaid Unitarian Chapel, Llan- dyssul, on Friday, in the presence of a large congregation. The bride, who wras given away lay her uncle, Mr. J. Daniel Jenkins, Rhydybanau, Lampeter, was attended by Miss Sarah Evans (sister), Miss Emma Davies (cousin), Trebanau, Lampeter; Miss Thomas, Green Park and Miss Evans, Glan Teifi. Mr. T. T. Jones, Gelliharen, acted as best man. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. T. T. Thomas, J.P., Green Park, assisted by the Rev. T. Arthur Thomas, Cerdin Villa, the authorised person for this chapel. The wedding breakfast was at Gefeile, the bride's mother's residence, and afterwards the newly- married couple left for Ilfracombe, Penzance, and the South of England for the honeymoon.
WEEKLY AND FORTNIGHTLY EXCURSIONS. Commencing Wednesday, May 24th, and every Wednesday in June, July and August, Cheap Weekly and Fortnightly Tickets will be issued from Aberystwyth, Borth, Aberdovey, Towyn, Dolgelley, Barmouth, Harlech, Portmadoc, Crice- ieth, Pwllheli, Machynlleth, Llanidloes, Rhayader, Builth Wells, Newtown, Montgomery, Oswestry, Ellesmere and Wrexham, to London (Euston and Paddington), available for the return on the following Wednesday or Wednesday week. Similar Tickets will be issued from London dur- ing the same period, available for return on the following Monday, Wednesday, Monday week or Wednesday week. C. S. DENNIS, General Manager. Owestry, May, 1899.