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ST. Dl VI D'S COLLEGE, IAMPETER. DEGREE DAY. AN IMPORTANT GATHERING. SPEECHES BY THE FOUR WELSH BISHOPS AND OTHER INFLUENTIAL WELSHMEN. Degree Day" in connection with St. David's College, Lampeter, is a great event in local annals, and this year's degree day was attended with greater eclat" than usual, if only because of the presence of the four Welsh Bishop, to say nothing of the attendance of men holding leading positions in connection with Welsh Educa- tion and the two English Universities. The gather- ing, indeed, may, without exaggeration, be described as one of the most influential and repre- sentative that has trodden the sacied precincts of the college for years, and Principal Bebb is to be congratulated on having brought together so distinguished a company as well as on the enthu- siasm that marked the day's proceedings, two features that in themselves constituted an enviable tribute to his popularity as Principal, and that must have been a source of gratification to all interested in the welfare of the college. THE INVITED GUESTS The following is a full list of the invited guests:- Lord Lieutenant of Cardiganshire (Col. Davies-Evans) and Mrs, Davies-Evans, the High Sheriff of Cardigan- shire (Mr. James Jones), the Lord Bishop of St. David's and Mrs. Owen, the Lord Bishop of Llandaff, the Lord Bishop of St. Asaph, the Lord Bishop of Bangor, Sir Robert H. Cunliffe, Acton Park, Wrex- ham: Mrs. and Misses Lewes, Llanlear; Mr. J. C. Harford, Falcondale Mrs. and Misses Harford, Blaize Castle Mayor, Mrs. and Misses Lewes, Tyglyn Aeron Mr. and Mrs. Inglis Jones, Derry Ormond; Mr. and Mrs. Waddingham, Hafod Mr. J. E. Rogers, Abermeurig Mr. and Mrs. and Miss Davies, Frood- vale; Miss Lloyd, Poiitllwni; Capt. Jones Parry, Tyllwyd; Mr. T. H. R. Hughes, Neuaddfawr; Dr. and Mrs. Rvle (President Queen's College. Cam- bridge) Dr. Lock, Warden of Keble College, Ox- ford) the Principal of Brasenose College, Oxford Principal and Mrs. Roberts, Aberystwyth Principal Reichel, Bangor Mr. A. G. Legard, Chief Inspector of Schools Mr. Thomas Darlington, H.M. Inspector of Schools Mr. L. J. Roberts, H.M. Inspector of Schools the Mayor and Mayoress of Lampeter (Mr. and Mrs. D. T. Jones); Archdeacon Bevan, Hay, Archdeacon Edmondes, Bridgend; Archdeacon Lewis; Golden Grove, Rev. D. Jones and Mrs. Jones, Lam- peter, Rev. J. R. Buckley, Llandaff, Rev. C. G. Brown (Principal of the Carmarthen Training College), Rev. G. Williams and Miss Williams (Nantcwmlle), Rev. Joshua Davies Llanlloni, Rev. T. R. Davies and Mrs. Davies, Llanddewi-Brefii, Rev. T. C. Edmunds and Mrs. Edmunds, Treflan, Rev. J. Rowlands, Llan- ddwrog, Rev. J. M. Griffiths and Mrs. Griffiths, Aberayron, Rev. J. W. Lewis and Mrs. Lewis, Pen- carreg, Rev. D Morris and Mrs. Morris, Silian, Rev.J. Morris and Mrs. Morris, Llanybyther, Mrs. and Misses Evans, Taliesin House, Dr. Griffiths, Lampeter, Mr,, Mrs. and Miss Fowden, Miss Bankes Price and Mr. Ll. Bankes Price, Doldrement, Mr. and Mrs. T. Lloyd, Derry House, Mrs. and Misses Atterberry Thomas, Millbank, Mr. and Mrs. D. Jones, Old Bank, Mr. and Mrs. R. Evans, Pontfaen House, Mr. J. Martin Jones, L. & P. Bank, Mrs. Freeman. Dawlish, Mrs. Jones, and Mr. A. R. T. Jones, Werndriew Lodge, Mrs. J. E. Phillips, Benin, Rev. E, Evans and Mrs Evans, Lam- peter, the Headmaster of Ystradmeurig Grammar School (Rev. J. Jones), the Headmasters of the County Schools at .'Aberystwyth, Llandyssul, and Tregaron; Rev. J. Herbert, Llanllawddog, Rev. R. H. Jones, Wiston, Rev. T. Davies, Gartheli, Rev. H. Morris, Aberavon, Rev. J. N. Evans, Llangybi, Rev. R. Lloyd Jones and Mrs. Jones, Derry Ormond, Rev. J. Evans, Llanarthal, Revs. J. Thomas, Gware'rgraig, T. Jones and Mrs. Jones, Eglwyswrw, J Lewis, Llanfallteg, D. Richards, Llandysiliogogo, N. Thomas, Llanbadarn, D. D. Evans and Mrs. Evans, Llandvfriog, E. W. Jenkins, Oxwic.h, J. Lloyd and Mrs. Lloyd, Llanpumpsaint, D. Davies, Mardy, E. P. Jones, Moylgrove, T. W. Longfield, High Halston, A. E. Matthews, Blaenavon, J. S. Matthias and Mrs. Matthias, Kilney, and Miss Matthias, Newcastle Emlyn, Rev. W. Morgan, Pontardulais, Rev. M. Griffiths and Miss Griffiths, Llancrwys, W. Howell, Garth Grengy, W. A. Lloyd, Taliaris, T.M. Morgan and Mrs. Morgan, New Church, W. W. Edwards, St. Marks, Swansea, W. J. Evans, Lampeter, D. R. Evans, Brymbo, A. O. Evans, Connah's Quay, W. G. Williams and Mrs. Williams, Lampeter, T. Jones, Llanddewi-Brefi, J. Jenkins, Llanpumpsaint, R. Jones, Llanfachreth, J. Ll. Williams, Llanguicke, J. K. Thomas, Cardigan, D. Thomas, Llanybyther, D. T. Lloyd, Lampeter, G. P. Symond, Oxford, D. J. Jones, Lampeter, J. Jenkins, Borth, J. H. Roberts, Penybont, and F. J. Francis, Carmarthen. w CONFERRING DEGREES. The ceremony of conferring degrees" took place at the Town Hall at 11 o'cleck. It should be mentioned that at 8 o'clock Holy Communion was celebrated by Professor Williams. The guests be- gan to arrive about 10 o'clock, some of them whiling away the time by strolling about the beautiful grounds of the college, and others by examining the many objects of interest, antiquarian and otherwise, to be found in the interior. Shortly before 11 o'clock, a procession was formed, headed by the students, which wended its way in the direction of the Town Hall, which was soon crowded. The Bishop of St. David's occupied the" seat of honour," the Bishop of Llandaff and the Bishop of St. Asaph being on his right, and the Bishop of Bangor on his left. The seats in the body of the hall were allocated to distinguished visitors. Proceedings were commenced by the Principal (Dr. Bebb) calling upon Dr. Wade to read the examiners' report upon the results of the examinations held in June, which was as follows:— In the third year no candidates presented them- selves for honours except in classics. On this subject W. J. Gravell was very good and is placed in the first class the other obtains a second class. For the ordinary degree one only, out of fourteen, failed in the examination. Some very good work was done, especially upon the Old Test and St. Augustine; and there was very little poor work on any subject. Of six candidates who applied for the Licence in Divinity, three failed; the work of one, R. R. Hughes, was very good indeed. In modera- tion, honours, theology, the work corresponded to ,y the promise of last year. Although one only, B. Parsons, could be placed in the first class, and the remaining three in the third, each of the latter in some papers reached a standard considerably higher. For honours in science the work of one candidate, W. J. Thomas, was very good in all the papers, and of special excellence in chemistry, magnetism, and electricity. Another candidate obtained a third class; the third failed to satisfy the examiners. The papers for ordinary modera- tions compare unfavourably with the work of last year. As many as six out of fifteen failed to pass. The answers on the Prayer Book and on the New Test were disappointing, and did not show any marked development, except in two instances. In the classical prepared work the harder Greek author was better known than the easier Latin historian. In the latter subject three candidates failed bably, and the general level of answers were low; in the former the translation was, as a rule, done well white questions on the subject matter produced creditable answers from a fair proportion of the candidates. Upon the whole list, the subjects which seemed to have been prepared best and studied most intelligently were English literature and the Greek author. For Responsions it may be remarked that a large number of candidates presented themselves, and that an unusual proportion of these offered honour subjects. In theology one very promising can- didate, J. R. Edwards, did good work on all the papers. Although no second class was awarded, one candidate would have obtained this distinction if his work in Hebrew had been better. Only one candidate shewed any satisfactory knowledge of the elements of Hebrew. The examiners feel themselves justified in awarding an aegrotat to one candidate who was prevented by illness from com- pleting his examination. For honours in classics there were four candidates, two are placed in the second class, and two in the third. One might have gained a first class had he given more time to the proportions of some of the set books and subjects. For honours in history there were six candidates, and the general level of their work was decidedly high. Two, T. C. Phillips, and J. C. Rundle obtain a first class one a second, three a third. Of the last three, one did good work on all but one subject. The papers of T. C. Phillips on English and Roman History are worthy of special commendation. Of four candidates for honours in science one obtained a second class, the remaining three are placed in the third. The weakest work was in mechanics, where the candidates appear to have relied too much upon their recollection of formula, and the algebra work was incomplete, and marred by inaccuracy. Upon the other hand, the answers on trigonometry were very good. For ordinary responsions the work was, as usual, unequal. Out of eighteen candidates six failed, but four were placed in the first class, and four in the second. The two best candidates did work of great promise. For Part A there were six candidates, as compared with ten last year; only one attained the standard of the second class. Out of eighteen First Year Biennials as many as five obtained a first elass, and four a second class. Six failed, but upon the whole the work in this department shewed a great im- provement on that done :in previous years. The examiners have had occasion in former years to draw attention to the unnecessary prolixity of many of the answers, and to the lack of in- telligence shewn in the failure to grasp the question really set. They are glad to recognize in the present examination a marked improvement in this respect. THE PRINCIPALIS ADDRESS. The Principal, who, on rising, was heartily applauded, then delivered lais address as follows :— It has been the custom before degrees are con- ferred on this occasion to give those who are interested in St. David's College some account of the past year. I propose to mention first of all some details in connexion with what I may call the internal history of the College. We have admitted since last October forty-nine students, as compared with thirty-seven and thirty-four in the two preceding years. This is an abnormally large number, and as comparatively few are taking their degree on this occasion, we expect that the number of students in residence next year will be larger than at present. There was ground for believing that the quality, as well as the numbers of those who came to the College this year was above the average, and the result of the present examination have justified that anticipation. Among the Biennial students especially the num- ber of first classes is very high. At the present time some thirty per cent. of our students are taking the honours course, either in theology classics, mathematics, history, or science, and though all those subjects are not represented among the honour students in each year, yet in all we have students whose work has reached a high standard, and give promise of good work yet to come It is satisfactory to be able to add that of those candidates for the final examination for the B.A. degree not one of those who have been in residence during the year has failed to satisfy the examiners That important side of the College life which is bound up with clubs and societies has I believe, flourished during the past year. I hope that an increasing number of our students will realise the value of regular physical exercises and will throw themselves heartily into those games especially which are corporate in character. I am very glad also to be able to report a year entirely free from disciplinary trouble of any kind. Compliance with regulations such as a College imposes can not be of course anything like a full and adequate test of the tone of an institution. But unless I am much mistaken, and I do not think I am, our students as a body will respond to, and justify the confidence which I shall always wish to place in them. I am deeply thankful after a year's residence here to be able to speak in this way, and I am sure there are many who will be glad that it is possible to speak so hopefully not only about the intellectual, but also about the moral and re- ligious atmosphere of the place. Amongst the personnel of the staff, there are sundry changes which affect the management and teaching arrangements of the College. After holding the office of Senior Burser for some years, Professor Scott has resigned that position. The College Board has already placed on record its sense of the very great services he has rendered in con- nexion with the finances of the College, and I am glad to have the opportunity of making this public reference to them. In taking over from him the office which he has held I think that a somewhat prolonged period of a very neces- sary retrenchment may be followed now by a time of equally necessary expenditure. The expense of education has increased rather than diminished in recent years, and I shall venture to make an. appeal for funds to which I shall look, I am sure not in vain, for a very generous response amongst all who have the welfare of the College at heart. Our mathematical lecturer. Mr. E. E. Roberts, has left for work elsewhere after a short stay among us, and his place has been taken by his brother, Mr W. M. Roberts, also a scholar of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, who has won the Junior Univer- sity Mathematical Scholarship, and, we hope, may win the senior. The College is to be sincerely con- gratulated on the succession of distinguished mathematicians it has attracted for some years past, all of them being in thevery front rank of younger mathematicians. We have also to regret the very great loss to the teaching staff of the College caused by the appointment of Mr. Camber Williams to the post of Canon Missioner in the diocese of St. David,s, His foremost thought has, I believe, always been to try and make as efficient as possible in every way those of our students who are looking forward to working as clergy in Wales. Though I cannot but congratulate the diocese on the choice which the Bishop has made' I feel that the gain of the Diocese involves a very real loss to the College. The position of the College School was a yesr ago a pressing difficulty on financial grounds. This school is of very great value to the town and neighbourhood, and its main- tenance is of very great importance to the College. I am very glad to say that there has been a very generous response to my appeal for support. A certain amount has already been spent, and much more must be spent in the coming vacation to equip the school in such a way that the staff may be helped as much as possible in their teaching. All those who can speak from experience of the boys who pass from the school into the College know very well the excellent results which the school teaching produces. The numbers of boys have risen con- siderable during the past year, and I hope we may see further substantial increase. Of what I may call the external history of the College there is little to record. We have had continued evidence from time to time in the ecclesiastical appointments that Lampeter men are doing good service to the Church not only in Wales, but also in many different parts of England. Three times during the year, and in three different dioceses, Lampeter students have been placed first in the Bishops' Examination, and I may perhaps say from my ex- perience of examinations in the diocese of St. Asaph that the work done compared in no sense unfavourably with similar work in an English diocese. At Oxford four of our affiliated students hold substantial scholarships or exhibitions. One of these has been gained during the past year by Mr. D. J. James of St. John's College. We hope that some of these may appear high in the class lists next year. It will be of interest to old members of the college to mention that a new edition of the calendar is in preparation and will appear before the end of the year. I conclude my review of the year by calling attention to three points of interest. The first affects the system of affiliation by which the students of certain colleges, of which ours is one, are allowed to take a degree at Oxford or Cambridge with a shorter term of residence than is required of other students. A change has been made in the regulations at Oxford which we have accepted for the present in the hope that the concession may be a substantial help to those who wish to obtain an Oxford degree. It is now possible for men to go on after two years residence here and take an Oxford degree after only two years residence there. A second change is connected with the B.D. degree. The conditions under which the examination is held will be com- pletely changed after 1900, with the object of securing that they shall be more in accord with those which obtain elsewhere for the same degree. Thirdly, I wish to call attention to the arrange- ments which have been made for a week of theological lectures to the clergy to be given here in September. It is hoped that such gatherings here, as elsewhere, will stimulate theological study amongst clergy and also attract old Lampeter men and others here for a pleasant week and so make the College more useful to the Church in Wales.- We are fortunate in having secured on this, the first occasion, three such lecturers as Dr. Gibson, Leeds, Dr. Robertson, King's College, and Canon Bernard, Salisbury (applause). I cannot close my report without a few words of a personal character. As I look back, I must express my sincere grati- tude for the reception which has been given us at Lampeter and also, I think I may add, in other parts of Wales. I look forward hopefully, even confidently to the future. I know the differ- ences of opinion must arise which will affect, not only details of arrangement, but also more serious questions of principle. But such differences are inseparable from, are even essential to progress. I only hope that they may be expressed fairly and be based on a just, full and sympathetic considera- tion of facts. I have no educational programme to produce, for on educational matters, I am some- what of an opportunist and not unwilling to make experiments where possible, provided it be recog- nised that they are experiments (cheers). But I hope it may be our aim to turn out men from Lam- peter who will give fair and impartial consideration to the opinion of others, but who will not be afraid to think for themselves and who will be able to express their opinions temperately and effectively (hear, hear). I conclude by an appeal to old members of the College, both those who are leaving it now and those who have left in days gone by, many of whom we are glad to welcome here to-day. I ask them to co-operate heartily with us here in helping forward to the best of their power, the welfare of an institution to which I feel sure they will recognise their own debt and for which they can, if they will, do so much (loud applause). The ceremony of "conferring degrees" was then duly gone through, after which the assembly dispersed. THE LUNCHEON AND SPEECHES Luncheon took place at one o'clock in the hall connected with College School, which was none too commodious to accommodate the large com- pany that sat down. The Principal of St. David's College presided. The Principal, rising after the luncheon was over, extended a hearty welcome to all the dis- tinguished people present, and proceeded to submit the loyal toast, which was duly honoured. THE VISITOR.' Sir Robert Cunliffe remarked that it was a great pleasure to him to propose the health of their distinguished visitor, the Lord Bishop of St. David's (applause.) As he (Sir Robert) came from North Wales, he might tell them that North Walians knew very well what manner of man his Lordship was (hear, hear.) He would not say that they grudged him to South Wales when he left them, but they lost him with very great regret. The Queen came to the top by a sort of natural prerogative; Dean Owen found himself now Bishop of St. David's and head of that great and important diocese. He neecl not tell them for it was a matter of common knowledge that in the short period of his episcopate, the Bishop had won himself not only the respect, but the admiration and the most cordial goodwill, both of his clergy and of his laity (applause). It mustbefa matter of the deepest interest to him to come there on Degree Day," having regard to the connections he had had with the College, and he must have been elated-as they all were-at hearing so favourable a report of the College as they had that morning. It was not an exaggeration to say that the future of the Church in Wales, which had its own special difficulties to contend with, was largely bound up with the future of Lampeter College (hear, hear). If the high water mark of Lampeter College would be what they all hoped and believed it would be, then he ventured to say that the Church in Wales wonld occupy a somewhat similar position. If they could imagine such a misfortune as that of its falling from the position which it now held, instead of rising higher and higher-as he believed it would-then the fortunes of the Church would sink with it, because it depended so largely upon the men who left the College with the intention of taking Holy Orders whether the Church of the Anglican Communion, the Old Church of Wales, was presented to the people of this country in the way they all desired. The Bishop of St. David's was their Visitor," and they all hoped and trusted that he would be spared for many years to continue to be the Visitor of the College as the Lord Bishop of St. David's, and they could not offer to him any greater tribute of their regard and respect for him than by maintaining and increasing the prestige of Lampeter College. Sir Robert concluded by asking the company to drink "with all the honour it deserved" the health of the Lord Bishop of St. David's, an invitation that was heartily responded to. THE BISHOP OF ST. DAVIDS. The Lord Bishop of St. David's, who had a cordial reception, in responding, remarked that he found a difficulty in adequately expressing his thanks to his friend, Sir Robert Cunliffe, for the very kind way in which he had proposed his health. He also desired to thank them all for the very kind way in which they had received it. He was very sensible of the difficulties and responsibilities of the office he had the honour to hold, and he was aware that the office of Visitor of that College had a special responsibility of its own, and when he thought of the eminent and learned men who held the office before him, there was only one qualifica- tion which he could with any degree of confidence claim for himself, and that was a very warm and thorough interest in the welfare of St. David's College. He took that interest on personal grounds aud also on grounds of principle. He could never forget that he spent eleven very liappy years within the walls of that College, and standing in that room, none of them, he thought, would care to forget the great and generous man, whom lie always considered the second founder of the College, the Bishop of Chester (applause). He had, he knew, ties of personal associations and personal friendship with the College. He felt bound as Bishop of the diocese and as a Welsh Churchman to echo what Sir Robert Cunliffe so admirably and pithily put. He mentioned the importance of the College to the welfare of the Church in Wales. No one who knew the country would doubt the truth of what he said that the future of the Church in Wales for good or for evil-for good they all most humbly trusted-was bound up very closely—now more closely perhaps than any of them quite realised-with the future of St. David's College. There were many problems in tront 01 tnem as Welsh Church people, but he ventured to think that none was of greater or of more far-reaching importance than the proper supply of future clergy. He was glad to say that the laity in that diocese, as well as in other diocese, had, during the last year, shewn by the way they had supported the Diocesan Fund how anxious they were to do what they could to provide more adequate maintenance for the Christian ministry. The parish clergyman could hardly do a more im- portant service to the church than by looking out for really qualified men-qualified not only in head, but still more in heart-to seek holy orders (hear, hear). The only way to keep the standardjfrom going down was to determine to raise it up, and he did not think Bishops or any 0. ie else could frame any schemes for doing this, but the clergy in their different parishes, if they only realised the importance of the matter, might solve i the difficulty very efficiently. He hoped this might lead some to think more about it than before. He knew it had been done by clergymen in that diocese and elsewhere they had considered it a great duty to induce those whom they thought really qualified by gifts for the vocation of the ministry, to come to be trained for it. They were all delighted to hear that morning not only the measured and favourable report -of the examiners, but also the sound report of the Principal. This was the first Degree Day on which the Principal had taken the chair, and he (the Bishop) would be lacking in the proper per- formance of duty as Visitor if he did not express thankfulness that he was there (applause). He was sure all who listened to the report would be convinced that they had in the Principal not only one of the most distinguished of English scholars, but one who was capable of taking an all-round and wise view of the situation of the college. In going about the country as he did, he heard a good deal about the college, and he heard from many quarters very warm expressions of appreciation of the sympathetic kindness of the Principal towards Welsh students (applause.) As he had the mis- fortune to be an Englishman he thought he might be permitted to make public that fact (laughter.) He wished to endorse what the Principal had said about his intention of making an appeal to the friends of the college to support it. They all as Welsh Church people were justified in reposing in Mr. Bebb the fullest confidence as Principal of Lampeter College. It was no use for the church people of Wales to have full confidence in the Pincipal of the College unless they did what they could to express that confidence in some practical way (hear, hear.) In other dioceses besides their own there were many objacts of their own which they were engaged in promoting, and which required money, but still he hoped when the time came when the Principal did make his appeal to the people of the four dioceses-all of which were now happily represented on the Governing Body—that they would all stand shoulder to shoulder and do to the best of their ability whatever they would be told was necessary for the welfare of the college (applause.) Mr Inglis Jones submitted the toast of "the Bishops and the Clergy." He remarked that he was glad to see assembled together so many distinguished representatives of the Church, on an occasion when the "raison d'etre" of the gathering made it doubly interesting. In these days of high pressure and cramming, it was pleasant to meet those who had, after years of study and diligent preparation, at last received the reward which was their due. He was sure that it was a source of gratification to the collegians present to see the encouragement and personal support which was given them by the dignitaries of the Church. He felt confident, therefore, that the toast would be heartily received. — The toast, with which was coupled the names of the Bishops of Llandaff and St. Asaph, was cordially drunk. BISHOP OF LLANDAFF. The Bishop of Llandaff, responding first, said, that he could not tell them with what a feeling of relief he listened to the clapping of hands in recognition of the toast proposed by his friend Mr. Inglis Jones. When he saw it on the list he thought the Principal had been somewhat rash in putting down so risky a toast under present circum- stances at the present time. They were aware that a very large section of the laity whose opinions were represented in the public press, were of opinion that those whose health they had so cordially drunk, were hardly worthy of such a reception as they bad given to the toast (applause.) The clergy were condemned as law breakers and the Bishops were condemned, some of them as instiga- tors and others as encouragers of it. Under these circumstances it was a great relief to have heard the company receive the toast in the way they had. The public press, he thought, had exaggerated the evil in respect to the clergy, and it had done scant justice to them (the Bishops) who had had to deal with the troubles. Proceeding, His Lordship said that Lampeter College had been visited by him on many previous occasions similar to the present, and he always went away gratified, re- freshed and thankful, kbecause he had invarably found a steady growth in the efficiency of the College, and also in its popularity, and on the present occasion he would go away even more thankful than ever for the results which he had witnessed. He did not think he had ever heard a more satisfactory report by the examiners who had come down from the older universities to test the knowledge of the students of that College, and he did not think he had seen a more enthusiastic or a larger gathering of the friends of the College. Therefore, in efficiency and popularity they seemed to have reached the high water mark. He quite agreed with the Bishop of St. David's that the interests and the welfare of the Welsh Church almost entirely depended upon St. David's College, and if he might give the experience of sixteen years of an episcopate in Wales, he was able to say that if the ordination examinations which he had held were a test of efficiency in that branch of know- ledge specially required in the clergy, he had found a steady growth in the efficiency of Lampeter there; and what was far better, he had found a steady growth in the higher character and quality of the clergy who had gone out to work in his diocese. He looked forward to the future of the College with full hope and confidence its improve- ment would be rapid and marked—first of all because the great difficulties of the College had been the imperfect preparation of the students before they entered the College, on account of the deficiencies in the elementary and intermediate education in Wales. That was being improved every day, and as these schools improved, so he was sure the students who came to Lampeter to finish their education would come better prepared, and so be able to distinguish themselves still more than they had at the last examination. As the senior Welsh Bishop he might be allowed to be the mouthpiece of the clergy and laity of Wales to offer to their new Principal the most cordial and hearty welcome that Wales could give him (applause). Man and wife were one flesh, and in asking them to give a cordial welcome to the Prineipal he included Mrs. Bebb, without aid the Principal, able as he was, would be but a poor thing after all (applause). He hoped the Principal would §be thoroughly acclimatised before long—if he was not already—and that the air of Wales and the companionship of Welshmen and Welshwomen would be so agreeable to him and Mrs. Bebb that they would never wish to leave us. He had known every Principal of Lampeter from the first onward, and of the many distinguished men who had held the office each one had contributed largely to the prosperity and increased welfare of the College, and he was perfectly sure that he prophesied correctly when he said that the progress and growth would be still more rapidly increased in the hands of their present Principal (applause). THE BISHOP OF ST. ASAPH. The Bishop of St. Asaph also responded. He remarked that he had come there to offer his heartiest welcome to Principal Bebb, who had just entered on his work at the College; and to assure him of their (the Bishops') most cordial support in the arduous task that lay before him. Although far removed from there, the interest felt by the Bishop of Bangor and himself in the welfare and prosperity of Lampeter College was not less keen or deep than of those who lived immediately in its shadow. He had been at most Degree Days during the past quarter of a century, during which time the College had made very steady progress, and he felt sure that under Principal Bebb the samo progress which had marked the past would be continued. The Bishop of Llandaff had referred te the "crisis." There were some changes proposed some years ago with regard to the position of the church in Wales which alarmed them all, and these changes were averted by the loyalty of their English brethren in a large measure; but they should bear in mind that in politics the unexpected always happened, and that there was a danger that the loyalty in England, chilled by events to which he need not refer, might be less potent if similar changes were proposed in the immediate future. Therefore they had better be on their guard and see that their work was thoroughly well done. This made the position of such colleges as Sf. David's of importance. The future of the Church in Wales depended upon the character of the clergy. Speaking after many years' episcopal experience, the most important duty of a Bishop in Wales was to find out men marked, not only by intellectual equipment, but also by character and devotion, for the work in Wales. They would try and find these men wherever they might come from, and he hoped the supply in Lampeter in these two quali- fications would be large (applause.) "WELSH EDUCATION." Dr. Ryle gave I- Welsh Education." Having alluded to the pleasure which it gave Mrs. Ryle and himself to revisit what was to them an ex- ceedingly happy home, and to see so many old friends, he said they were not many who received their degrees under his short principalship. but though they were few, Mrs. Ryle and himself reckoned them among his old friends whom they were glad to welcome in any place, and above all at Lampeter. He trusted there would be more combined gatherings of old Lampeter men in future. He was sure the enthusiasm which lay deep rooted in the breasts of St. David's College men had only to be appealed to to be made a great power for usefulness, for the truth, and in the interests of Welsh education (hear, hear). For after all St. David's College was closely mixed up with Welsh education. The College had walked in front of the march of progress of education in Wales. The foundation of University Colleges in Wales corresponded to what was the legitimate demand and aspiration of thelprincipality, and St. David's College, a University College founded 70 years ago, anticipated what had been the intellec- tual requirements of the people of Wales, and they owed it to the foresight, and wisdom of the Bishop of St. David's predecessor in that see, who founded the College, that it was established there upon the "residential principle" of a University College; for the education which young men derived from one another was to be compared very favourably with that which they derived from their learned seniors. Much as they might desire to pass on any knowledge or wisdom or examination skill to their juniors the opportunities presented to young students in meeting together in their rooms, in talking over their difficulties, comparing the subjects of educa- tion, the obtuseness of one teacher and the super- ficiality of another (laughter)—all these legitimate topics of conversation were very educative to the mind and character of these juniors. In that way a residential college contributed as much to the cause of education as any other body founded for that purpose, and he claimed for St. David's College that the residential system was a factor in Welsh education which Wales could not do without. Owing to the foresight of another of his lordship's predecessors, the Bishop of Chester, they had founded in connection with the College an inter- mediate school. The problems of intermediate education and Welsh University had been wisely, moderately, and considerately treated and solved since he left Wales, and St. David's College re- mained in that position of strength and prosperity which it occupied before the questions were solved, and as long as the residential system was main* tained, and as long as the intermediate school was maintained in close connection with the College, the two great factors and principles of usefulness in the cause of Welsh education supplied by that College would be abundantly satisfied Looking at a distance from the old places of Oxford and Cam- bridge, Englishmen recognised in Lampeter a true solution of some of the great problems of education, but side by side with St. David's College now stood the Welsh University erected for the cause of higher education in Wales in response to the right longings of the people. In the A. B. C. of Univer- sity Colleges in Wales they might recognise Aber- ystwyth, Bangor, and Cardiff and he felt it a proud position to speak as one who was connected by office with the Welsh University, for they bad done him the honour of asking him to take part in the examination for the B.D. degree, as they at Lampeter had done. He coupled with the toast the names of Principal Reichel and Mr. Legard. PRINCIPAL REICHEL ON WELSH EDUCATIONAL ZEAL. Principal Reichel, responding, said that he thought Welshmen had reason to congratulate themselves on the zeal for the cause of both Uni- versity and Intermediate education, such as had been shown. He would give two facts from his own County. When the University College at Bangor was established 15 years ago the founders of it stated that never in so short a time had so many subscriptions from all classes of society been promised in England or in Wales for the endowment of higher learning. That statement had never been challenged. With regard to intermediate educa- tion, in Carnarvonshire within the last four years there had been subscribed almost entirely by the middle and lower classes a sum of iEl5,000 for building the intermediate schools, a sum which it was confidently expected would in a year or two reach £ 18,000. These sums meant a 7id. and a 9d. rate respectively, voluntarily levied on the whole without assistance from the richest part of the community. There was no such test of belief in a cause as the money test. It was not a case for self-glorification, but of self-encouragement and thankfulness for what had been done; but much more remained to be done. Zeal had been shown, but very often it was a zeal not according to knowledge. They had much to teach the public who had supported these causes so liberally in the past. They had to teach them that the schools in the first place were places in which the faculties should be trained, and not in which students should be crammed for examinations; and in the second place, they were not places for finishing education by six months or even a year's residence. Above all they had to see that the classes were not so worked that they would divert all the talent of the country into the already over-stocked literary professions. When the subject of education was considered on an occasion like the present, one might feel the most important section of it was the education of those who were hereafter to be the clergy of the country. If religion was an appeal to the higher side of man's nature, and the exercise of the highest functions of his nature, then clearly the training of those who were to be ministers of religion must be the highest form of training. An eminent historian and bishop said recently that the one enemy of the Church of England was ignorance. That was profoundly true, but they might also say that the greatest enemy of Christianity was an uneducated clergy amongst an uneducated community (hear, hear.) They had only got to look at the Continent to see what inevitably happened when the average clergyman was a worse educated man than the average edu- cated man among the laity — the result was infidelity. He joined in welcoming most cordially the new Principal, and in conclusion expressed the hope that St. David's College would be so directed that there would go forth a succession of men imbued with the spirit of true religion and sound learning for the service of God and the spiritual instruction of their country. CHIEF INSPECTOR OF SCHOOLS. Mr. Legard observed that one of the last things he did before leaving Cardiff was to direct, in connection with an exhibition to be held there, a map which would show the distribution of the intermediate schools, especially throughout Wales, and he thought when an Englishman looked at that map he would be surprised how Wales was covered with a network of schools, and would realise how very thorough the system of Welsh education was. If they wanted an objec-tlesson on the subject they could point to the number of distinguished Welshmen who passed through the elementary schools to the intermediate schools, and thence on to the Universities. He was glad that such a school was conducted in the College. Wales had tackled the difficulty of the education of the sexes, which had been very sensibly dealt with. In Oxford the question had as yet been very inadequately treated, and in Cambridge it had been very curiously deaj twith. He did not know whether Principal Bebb would yield, but he thought it was coming, and he was not at all sure that the Principal would not have timid knocks" outside his study door in the future (applause). This, he added, was his first visit to Lampeter, and lie had never been in a more delightful part of Wales. HIGH PRAISE FOR THE COLLEGE. The Principal of Brasenose gave the examiners.' One of the examiners, he said, had remarked to' him that he was very much struck with the extra- ordinary accuracy in which a certain subject in which he was examing was got up, in fact he said the examinees knew it better than he did himself (laughter). He asked the company to drink the health of the examiners, for, he added, next to the pain of being examined came the pain of being the examiner (laughter). Mr. Walker replied. He did that after an experience of three years as examiner in connection with the College, he could say that one of the secrets of its success was the power of attraction. Not only did the examiners think that the College had done well this year, but that it was going to do very much better in future. The most encourag- ing feature was the large proportion of honours men. The test of the teaching powers of the staff was to be found in the work done by the ordinary men, but the best hope for the future lay in the honours students. These were the students who would raise the intellectual level amongst their fellow students. The proportion of honours men was very remarkable for the first year, and the work done by them was still more remarkable. One examiner told him, with reference to modern history, that he could not believe that such work could be produced by men at the end of their first year—(applause)—it was as good as the work done by the majority of men reading at Oxford at the end of three years. Some of the papers on the subjects he (Mr. Walker) looked over were most remarkable. The future of the College, he felt, was very much bound up with the future of the school. The College had other work to do besides the work of training ministers for the Welsh Church, viz., to set before the people of Wales an example of what education should be, the difference between the true and the false education, the difference between a sound of a sophistical system. If the College was to do its work properly in that respect it must have a reasonable proportion of properly trained students. They might hope to produce good results in subjects like science and history, but it was impossible to produce good results in subjects like classicJ and mathematics unless they got a good proportion of students who had received adequate education before hand, and their chance of getting such students lay in the success of the school (applause). THE BISHOP OF BANGOR. The Bishop of Bangor proposed the health of the Principal. The Principal, he said, in his speech expressed the hope that men would go forth from that College able to think out questions them- selves, whilst giving due weight to the opinions of others. They were too apt, most of them, to take their opinions from other people. They did not take the facts and draw their own conclusions," but took to whatever was most advertised and praised in the press, and whatever everybody else ran after, as the one thing that would do most good to the country. No one who loved his country could but take an interest in Lampeter. When one thought of what the profession of most of those who went from there would be, they knew that on them, and on their ways of working, and on their self-devotion, and right sense, must depend that on which the whole welfare of the country depended, the character of those who were growing up and who afterwards would take part in public affairs. They, all of them, could not help but wish great prosperity to the College (hear, hear). He must join in the welcome to the new Principal who bad come to add to that rank of distinguised men—for there was no College that could claim such a body of distinguished men. They must all congratulate themselves that he was now about to bring that wisdom and that experience which he had learnt in that University, to which they felt themselves so closely connected, to maintain and carry on the fortunes of the College (applause). The health of the Principal was then drunk with enthusiasm. THE FUTURE OF THE COLLEGE. The Principal, in responding, said he hoped so far as there were any practical suggestions in his speech that morning some of them would be acted upon. He was very grateful to all the speakers for saying what they had, and he could only hope that he might be able to do something to justify himself for the very responsible and onerous position which he held. He was certainly encouraged by such a gathering as this. He was never more proud of himself as a fisherman than he was that day, for it was no small feat to have landed there safely such big fish as the four Welsh Bishops (laughter and applause). He did not doubt but what their presence was a sign that they intended to give hearty and undivided support to the work of the College, without which the College could look for no success (hear, hear). He was grateful also to many others who had come at great incon- venience, and especially glad to welcome there the principals of two of their Welsh University Colleges, Principal Reichel and Principal Roberts (applause). Representatives of intermediate education were kept away owing to the nearness of the examinations, but they had three representatives of primary education, so that they bad got together a number of those interested in Welsh education. Looking further afield he congratulated himself on having there, on the first occasion, the Principal of his old college. There were others who had shewn a great interest in the College by coming that day —the High-Sheriff, who had munificently helped the school, but who, like the Lord-Lieutenant, pre- ferred to remain silent on the present occasion, though they knew that they could count on their help when it come to questions of a practical nature. Had it not been for the help they received from kind friends in the neighbourhood he did not know how they would have been able to put up so many distinguished visitors. Pasing on, the Principal said he hoped after what Principal Reichel had said as to the record Bangor held for collecting a large sum of money in a short time, that before long they at Lampeter might do something in their attempt to break that record. They would, perhaps, say, How are you going to spend it ? Wouldn't they like to know I (laughter). He could mention many ways in which he could sink a certain amount of money in that College on what he considered necessities without appearing above the surface, but if below the surface it would be a good foundation on which to base the future work of the College. The school had been alluded to, and he was quite sure they would get support in connection with the school. They wanted pictures of a more educative tendency; much could be done by educating through the eye. He hoped soon to have funds at their disposal for really carrying out the work of the college in a way that he considered efficient. He would give one argument that was conclusive as to the need of money. The College at present was traininer more than double the number of students which it had 30 years ago by a simple rule of three therefore they ought to have twice the endowment they had then. He was quite convinced that they ought to have more money if they were to do the work properly. Some people said, Give me anything but money." When he had had the money he would be glad to take the other thing (laughter.) If they only got sufficiently good material for the staff to use to the best advantage they would prefer that to the money, because the money would then very quickly follow. He was not there to make comparisons between Oxford and Lampeter. If he did be would be disbelieved; but he felt sure that as far as the course of work for ordinary students was concerned, the course which was gone through at Lampeter represented for the ordinary pass was quite as much work as at Oxford, if not more. As to the way in which the work was done, he was well content with the verdict of the examiners. The one need of the College at present, apart from money, and apart from men, was increased confidence on the part of those who were outside the college in the possibilities of the career which was before it, He hoped old Lampeter men would be induced to take more interest in it, and show their confidence in it by doing all they could for it alway. With public confidence in the College, which it fully deserved, it had a very :prosperous career before it (loud applause). This concluded the speeches. A garden party was afterwards given by Mrs Bebb, which was of a very successful nature. RESULT OF THE JUNE EAAMINATION. The following are the results of the June public examination- B.D., Rev. Benjamin Davies, B.A., Plymouth; Rev. George Griffith Williams, L.D., Vicar of Ely, Cardiff. Theological Certificate (supplemental), T. F. Fisher. B.A., Ammanford. B.A. Degree.—Honour Classics-Class 1, W. J. Gravell, Kidwelly. Class 2, W. H. Davies, Lledrod. Ordinary—Class 1, M. S. Davies. Pontypool: T. R. Jones, Pontrhydyfen; R. J. B. Morgan, Dol- gelley. Class 2, G. Abel, Lampeter; J. Alban, Lampeter; D. Evan.s, Llanddewibrefi; F. A. Flynn, Ashford John Jones, Lampeter; Tom Jones. Lam- peter; J. E. Phillips, Lampeter: J. R. D. Williams. Tregaron. Class 3, T. J. Davies, Gartheli; L. W. Williams, Llandovery. Lie. Div.—Class 1, R. R. Hughes, Ruabon. Class 2, Owen Hughes, Penrhosgarnedd. Class 3, Henry Evans, Penbrey. Moderations.—Honours. Theology.—Class 1, B. ly Parsons, Salisbury. Class 2, D. L. Davies, New- castle Emlyn; S. J. Evans, Barry; William Evans, St. Clears. Honours, Science.—Class 1, W. J. Thomas, Llan- arthnev. Class 3, David Jones, Gartheli. Ordinary.—Class 1, T. D. Lloyd, Lampeter. Class 2, H. C. Davies, Llanwrda; A. Griffith, Southport. Class 3, D. J. Arthur, Carmarthen; E. P. Davies, Cenarth; Joshua Davies, Llangybi; G. R. Jones, Llanfihangel R.C.; A. E. Lloyd, Lam- peter J. D. Thomas, Pontardulais. Theological Certificate (Specialists),—Class 3, T. Felix, Llanybyther; David Jones, Gartheli. Responsions.—Honours Theology.—Class 1, J. R. Edwards, Wattstown. Class 3, H. B. Fairclough, Mirfield; D. A. Pierce, Holywell; M. H. Ridgwav, Altrincham. Aegrotat, W. W. Griffith, Neath Abbey. Honours, Classics.—Class 2, J. T. Lewis, Llanon, Cardiganshire; J. W. Stewart, Silian. Class 2, T. A. Harries, Abergwili; E. R. T. Scott, Birmingham. Honours, History. Class 1, T. C. Phillips, Morriston; J. C. Rundle, Swansea. Class 2, J. F. A. Thomas, Lampeter. Class 3, W. V. Davies, Llanybyther; G. A. Green, Llywel; J. W. Lloyd, Llanpumpsaint. Honours, Science.—Class 2, T. J. Lloyd, Llan- arthney. Class 3, J. G. Deighton, Appleby; D. R. Evans, Llanon, Cardiganshire J. Goodridge, Llwynypia. ° Ordinary.—Class 1, J. H. Davies, Newcastle- Emlyn; John Hughes, Pwllheli; D. H. Jones, Felindre; D. J. B. Lewis, Morriston. Class 2, T. L. Evans, Abergwynfi; D. F. Hughes, Waen- fawr, Carnarvonshire; Robert Jones, Abergele J. E. Rowlands, Ystradmeurig. Class 3, W. T. Brien, Llansamlet D. R. James, Lampeter: A. S. Jones, Ammanford; Daniel Jones, Aber- dare. Part A.—Class 2, T. L. Bell, Lampeter College School. Class 3, D. J. Evans, Aberayron County School; Evan James, Pencader County School E. D. Thomas, Lampeter College School; E. D: A. Williams, Lampeter College School. First Year Biennials—Class 1, Thomas Davies, Dowlais; H. W. Heaviside. Milford Haven; J. R. James, Cwmaman; H. Lunt, Pwllheli; Gwilym Roberts, Cardiff. Class 2, E. D. Henry, Dafen; Edward Jones, Ammanford; Gilbert Williams, Aberavon; Hugh Williams, Llangefni. Class 3, O. R. Owen, Pwllheli; Thomas Williams, Cefn- coed. Satisfied the examiners, John Abel, Lam- peter. Prizes.—Theology. B. Parsons. Classics, W. J. Gravell. Science, W. J. Thomas. History, T. C. Phillips. Hebrew (Olliviant), B. Parsons.' The examiners were :— For the B.D. degree The Rev. Edward George, King, D.D., Cambridge; the Rev. Herbert Ilyle,D.D. Cambridge; and the Rev. Robert Laurence Ottley, M.A.. Oxford. For the B.A degree and the licence in divinity, the Rev. E. M. Walker, M.A., Oxford (classics); the Rev. Joseph Lloyd, B.D., vicar of Llanpumpsaint (Welsh); the Rev. J. F. Bethune-Baker, M.A., Cambridge (theology); the Rev. F. W. Spurling, M.A., Oxford (classics and theology) Mr. J. G. Leatham, M.A., Cambridge (mathematics); Mr. Sidney Skinner, M.A., Cambridge (science); and Mr. G. A. Wakeling, M.A., Oxford (modern history and English). 0


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