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Business Notices. SALE OF HIGH-CLASS LEATHER GOODS. GREAT REDUCTION IN PRICE. LADIES' AND GENTS' PURSES. CARD, WRITING, & LETTER CASES. WALLETS, AND POCKET BOOKS, LADIES' HANDBAGS, &c. L ATE S T DES I G K S. ALL GOODS MARKED IN PLAIN FIGURES GYDE, PHOTOGRAPHER, PIER STREET. m RS. J. W. THOMAS, THE MILLINERY ESTABLISHMENT, 1 GREAT JQARKGATE ST., ABERYSTWYTH. SUMMER GOODS. LATEST STYLES. GREATEST VARIETY. WEDDING AND MOURNING ORDERS PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO. A PHOTOGRAPHIC ESTABLISHMENT has been recently opened on the Premises. Photographs of^all kinds taken on the shortest notice. W. li. JONES, WATCHMAKER, JEWELLER, &C., 32, GREAT "jQARKGATE ST., ABERYSTWYTH. A La:-e Assortment of JEWELLERY, in Gold, Silver, and Pebbles, Suitable for Presents, &c. ALSO LADIES' AND GENTS' GOLD AND SILVER WATCHES. SPECTACLES AND EYE-GLASSES TO SUIT ALL SIGHTS- A ^OOD ASSORTMEXT OF WEDDIXG, K EERER, & (jr™ RINGS. BUY YOUR MEDICINES FROM -NI A THOMAS, CASH CHEMIST •20. GLLEAT DARKGATE STREET, AND BRAXCH ESTABLISHMENT— 60, TERRACE ROAD, ABERYSTWYTH. Hotels. HOTEL WESTMINSTER. n IGH-CLASS JpiAMILY, COMERClAL, AND B OARDING EsrfABLISHMENT, C.T.C. HEADQUARTERS. Three minutes' walk from Station, Beach and Castle Grounds. Splendidly Furnished Throughout. Table D'Hote Daily at 1.30 p.m. Electric Liglit. Tariff Moderate. L. G. PARRY, Proprietress. THE QUEEN'S HOTEL, ABERYSTWYTH. Table D'Hote, 7.30. Boarding Terms from 3 Guineas per Week, or 12s. 6d. per day. THIS Hotel is replete with every modern appliance, and contains Coffee and Dining Rooms, Ladies' Drawino- Room, Recreation Room, Library, Billiard, and Smoking Rooms, and about one hundred Bedrooms. Having a frontage of 150 feet, all the Public and Private Sitting Rooms face the sea and are Lifted by Electricity. £ PALMEK, Proprietor. BELLE VUE HOTEL, ABERYSTWYTH. (Facing the Sea and close to the Pier.) Is one of the most reasonable and comfortable Family and Commercial Hotels in Wales. TABLE D'Hote, 6-30. Boarding Terms from Guineas per week, or 9s. per day. 'Bus meets all Trains. Tariff on Application to the Manageress. W. H. PALMER, Proprietor. LIoFROYAL HOTEL, ABERYSTWYTH. THIS improved and newly-furnished Hotel, centrally situated, affords every accommodation to Visitors. Contains upwards of Fifty Bedrooms. Spacious Coffee, Commercial and Dining Rooms, Smoking Rooms, and Two Billiard Tables. Large Ball and Banqueting Hall. POSTING IN ALITDEPARTMENTS. BRAKES, WAGONETTES, LANDAUS, VICTORIAS, &c. SPECIAL TERMS TO FAMILIES DURING THE WINTER SEASON. BOARDING, INCLUSIVE, FROM E2 12s. 6d. THE HOTEL OMNIBUSES MEET ALL TRAINS. RUFUS WILLIAMS, PROPRIETOR. WHITE HORSE HOTEL, ABERYSTWYTH. CLOSE TO SEA AND RAILWAY STATION. TERMS MODERATE. Proprietress: M. A. REA. WATERLOO HOTEL, ABERYSTWYTH, High-Cla s Family and Commercial Private Hotel and Boarding Establishment, Situated in the best part of the Town, facing the Sea, recently much enlarged and re-furnished, being now one of the Largest and Most Comfortable Hotels on the Welsh Coast. PERFECT SANITARY ARRANGEMENTS. EVERY MODERN COMFORT AND CONVENIENCE. BATHS, BILLIARDS, and ELECTRIC LIGHT. PRIVATE SITTING ROOMS. INCLUSIVE BOARD TERMSFROM R2: 2: 0 PER WEEK. BUS MEETS ALL TRAINS. A. E. & A. MORRIS, Proprietresses. TERMINUS HOTEL7 ABERYSTWYTH. THE Hotel is now undfr new management. It is situate close to the Station and is the most convenient Hotel in Town for Travellers and others. It has recently been enlarged and is now replete with every no-dem convenience and is lighted throughout with the Electric Light. T. E. SALMON, PMPMETM. GWALIA HOTEL, Ltd., LLANDRINDOD WELLS. THE origin of the Llandrindod "GWALIA is the well-known "GWALIA" OF UPPER WOBURN PLACE, LONDON. It was started 1889 by the season of the following year, extensive additions had to be made to meet a rapid increasing business these extensions have culminated in tho NEW PREMISES, whioh was opened last year (July 27th, 1398,) The situation of the "GWALIA" is unrivalled. Beautiful outlook, commanding the finest views ossicle, perfect South-West aspect, close to Park and Mineral Springs-Saline, Sulphure, and Chalybeate. Heating apparatus, good supply of Radiators on balconies and corridors. ELECTRIC LIGHT. PASSENGERS' LIFT. BILLIARD TABLE. EDWARD JENKINS, Manager. AND "GWALIA" UPPER WOBURN PLACE, LONDON. Business Notices. STEPHEN VAUGHAN DAVIES, c ORN, F LOLTR, AND PROVISION MERCHA..T, LAMPETER. THE Finest Te Man Brith that can be procured for Is. 4d. per lb. Sole Proprietor of the Tea Brith Stephen Is. lOd. with its marvellous, flavour and Superb Quality, has sprung with a bound into the highest in public flavour. HARFORD SQUARE, LAMPETER. WALTER DAVIES Is now making a Grand Display of the LATEST NOVELTIES IN Mantles, Capes, Jackets, Mackintosh Cloaks, Furs, Costumes, etc., PLAIN ANI) FANCY DRESS FABRICS. P.S. Goods not in Stock procured at Shortest Notice by Parcels arriving daily from London and. other centres CAMBRIAN SHOE F ACTORY, Ili AINIPETER. DA-VIES ]BROS.' BOOTS AND SHOES ARE POPULAR IN ALL TOWNS, WHY? Because they FIT well! Because they WEAR well! Because they SELL well! Come and see the new Stock of SUMMER BOOTS and SHOES. EVERY BOOT SOLD GUARANTEED. Note the Address— CAMBRIAN FACTORY, LAMPETER. FOR GOOD AND RELIABLE BOOTS AND SHOES OF THE BEST QUALITY Go To EDWIN PETERS, 51, GREAT JQARKGATE gTREET, p* J (Three doors above Town Clock,) ABERYSTWYTH. Gentlemen's and Ladies' Boots and Shoes of every description. Repairs on shortest notice THOMAS POWELL & CO., WHOLESALE GROCERS AND GENERAL MERCHANTS. MARKET STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. WAREHOUSES LITTLE DARKGATE STREET AND MILL STREET. GARDEN SEEDS, EARLY SEED POTATOES, SEED OATS, BARLEY OATS, CLOVER AT WHOLESALE PRICES. JAMES McILQUHAM, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL GLASS, CHINA, AND EARTHENWARE DEALER, BRIDGE END STORES, ABERYSTWYTH. TEA, BREAKFAST AND DESSERT SERVICES. STOWERBRIDGE & OTHER GLASS. Everything down to the lowest Culinary Articles. One of the Largest Stocks in Wales, to Select from z, Contractor for Hotels and Public Institutions. Special attention given to Badged aod Crested Ware Services Matched, no matter where purchased. Goods Lent out on Hire. AN EXPERIENCED PACKER KEPT. Inspection invited and your patronage respectfully solicited IF YOU WANT GOOD, RELIABLE FURNITURE AT A LOW PRICE. GO TO DAVID ELLIS AND SONS, FURNISHERS, 6. CHALYBEATE STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. JOHN MAETHLON JAMES, TAILORING, MILLINERY, AND DRESSMAKING ESTABLISHMENT, CAMBRIAN HOUSE, TOWYN, R.S.O. H. W. GRIFFITH, BOOT AND SHOE WAREHOUSE, 7, COLLEGE GREEN, TOWYN, MER. Agent for the noted K and Cinderella Boots. E. L. ROWLANDS, FAMILY AND GENERAL GROCER, LIVERPOOL HOUSE, ABERDOVEY. Choice Selection of General Provisions and Italian Goods, etc., always in Stock. J. GWILYM EVANS, FAMILY GROCER AND PROVISION MERCHANT, THE STORES, HIGH STREET & STATION ROAD, TOWYN. NOTED HOUSE FOR TEA. BEST IN THE MARKET FOR ITS STRENGTH, PURITY, AND FLAVOUR. R. MORGAN, PHARMACEUTICAL & DISPENSING CHEMIST, 23, T RRACE ROAD, ABERYSTWYTH. All Drugs and Chemicals of GUARANTEED PURITY. PRESCRIPTIONS CAREFULLY DISPENSED AT LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES FOR CASH, i Fruit Saline in 6d. and Is. Bottle. Citrate of Magnesia in 6d. the very best quality, Is. size, 9d. Pure Lemon Squash, specially prepared for us, in 9d. and Is. 3d. bottles (twice the 9d. size). A large assortment of Toilet Requisites at the lowest prices for CASH. ESTABLISHED 1850. OWEN AND SONS, pARIS JJOCSE, II & 13, NORTH pARADE, A JlERYSTWYTH. CQWPLBTE OUTFITTERS. NEW GOODS FOR SPRING AND SUMMER. LADIES' HIGH-CLASS TAILORING (PRIVATE FITTIXG ROOMS). NEW SUITINGS, COATINGS, THOUFC'RRL^GS, BREECHES MATERIALS, &c., &c. SOLE AGENTS FOR DR. JAEGER'S SANITARY WOOLLEN SYSTEM. SOLE AGENTS FOR WELCH MARGETSON'S SHIRTS, COLLARS, NECKWEAR, &c. NEW WATERPROOFS, DRESS BASKETS, TRUNKS, &c. OWEN AND SONS. FOR SUCCESSFUL ADVERTISING TRY THR "WELSH GAZETTE."
THE LAND QUESTION.
THE LAND QUESTION. II. IN a previous article we endeavoured to point out some of the causes which bring about the depopulation of our rural districts and the overcrowding of the towns. One of those causes was that labourers and small farmers cannot get comfortable cottages with land attached in the country, and that this perforce drives them into the towns. The English Land Colonization Society, of which Dr. PATON, of Nottingham, is secre- tary, has been started with the object of finding a remedy for this trouble. Briefly their Temedy is this They buy a fair- sized farm, containing, we will say, 96 acres of good meadow and arable land. This is then apportioned out into plots of eight acres each. Labourers, on payment of a small rent, take charge of each separate plot of ground, and farm it in their own way, and in time, by the joint payment of capital and interest as rent, they become freeholders. They may want to keep a cow and some pigs and poultry they will in any case require a house to live in. For these purposes they are supposed to have a small amount of capital, say eight pounds per acre, to cover part, at any rate, of the necessary outlay. The remainder of the money required is raised by the system of Village Banks, a means by which small sums can be raised and repaid as often as required. The co-operative system will then come into work, e.g., the farmers will have a horse and cart, or two horses and two carts in common, and will have to pay a small sum for the hire, according to the season of the year, or the length of time it is used. They can have all their food and clothing at the cheapest rates, their houses can also be bought complete from a wholesale firm or put up in portions at wholesale rates" A large firm has agreed to supply excellent cottages made of zinc and wood at a cost of X60 each. The Society undertakes to find the best market for the sale of the farm produce, and also to supply the best expert advice on any questions that may arise. Each farmer will have a right to sit in. the village Council and to have a vote on any question concerning the colony.. To take an instance, we will suppose that one of the farmers loses his cow and has no money, or not enough money to buy another; he comes to the Council and asks for a loan of XIO or X15, or whatever sum he requires, paying an interest of six per cent, we will say, on the amount borrowed. If he is a careful farmer, his neighbours will know that they trust him to repay, and he will have no difficulty about getting the money if he is not a careful farmer, the loan may be re- fused him. All this will tend to make each individual farmer pay close attention to his business, as his credit will depend chiefly upon that. Of course, the moral training will also be excellent. Briefly, this is the system which DR. PATON and his friends are establishing, and we can only wish it the greatest success. In Wales, no doubt, the conditions of land tenure are different, and the experiment could only be a philanthropic success, it could hardly be a financial success. In England, where land is extremely cheap, it can well be a financial, success, and the scheme has this merit, that the pecuniary gain will all go direct to the farmer, and to no intermediate person. In time, too, after he has made the necessary number of pay- ments to clear capital and interest, the farm becomes his own, and he is in a position to look out for a larger holding, or to pass his old age in comfort on his own bit of land. It is a pity that no such scheme can be de- vised for Welsh farmers and labourers, for it is perfectly certain that no race of men would make better use of their oppor- tunities than the small farmers of Cardigan- shire and Merioneth
THE REVIVAL OF RURAL INDUSTRIES.
THE REVIVAL OF RURAL INDUSTRIES. SIGNS are not wanting that Wales- rural Wales-will increase in industrial power in the near future. Lord KELVIN once said that the production of electricity by means of waterfalls will some day attract a prosperous population to the Highlands of Scotland." In view of the active and in- telligent interest which is taken just now in Welsh Industries it may be well to call attention to the dangers which may attend their development, and to point out, what seems to us, to be the best means to en- courage their growth and prosperity. In our efforts to revive the industries of the country we should always avoid making Wales a black country by repeating the blunder which allowed our present industrial towns to grow up into big, dirty, crowded and unhealthy centres of population. We should not like to see the natural beauty of the country sacrificed to make room for places like Leeds and Oldham, where human beings are herded together like animals, and where sunlight and pure air are unknown. We should hope that the industries to be established would be generally small ones, like the silk and lace-making villages of Z5 Switzerland and Northern Italy. The growth of industry is not incompatible with the preservation of natural beauty, decency, and comfort. Many evils seem to be inseparably connected with steam industry. But the era of steam industry is rapidly passing away; and if electric or water power were substituted for steam, health, comfort, and the preservation of natural beauty would have a far better chance than they have now. Our gain will be immeasura- ble, if we can produce commodities with equal ease under conditions of pure air and of pleasant natural surroundings and, we believe, that by the utilization of water as the motor power a better physical and social life might be attained. It seems that LORD KELVINS prediction as regards the Scottish Highlands is likely to become true before very long. It is proposed to make use of the water of several of the lakes to generate electricity to drive many large mills. Wales is blessed with an abundant supply of water; and what a power is allowed to run to waste daily in the water which is tumbling down the hillsides of our country In such regions as those of Wales the solution of the question of industry is evidently to be found in water. The supply is unlimited and there is no reason why our mountain streams should not be utilized in such a way that regions, now sparsely peopled, should grow into hives of industrial activities., By making proper use of the forces of Nature, there is no reason why many small indiisti-ies and crafts should not be revived with greater success than ever. In the southern part of Cardiganshire and the western part of Carmarthenshire, the Welsh Flannel industry is thriving well. In the parishes of Llangeler and Penboyr the banks of the streams and rivers are dotted with hamlets and cottages, which are embowered in trees, and where the crafts- man's loom is heard from morn till eve. In those two parishes there remains hardly a spot where an additional mill or factory could be put up; all the rivers and brooks have been bridled in order to, drive the machinery, and there are more weavers than ever. We are told by Mr. D. E.. JONES, of the Tivy Mills, Llandyssul, in his History of the Parishes of Llangeler and Penboyr" published only last January, that there probably cannot be found in all Wales two parishes that turn out the quantity of Welsh flannel produced in Llan- geler and Penboyr. While the craft has been slowly dying out in other parts of the Principality, it is making continuous pro- gress there. A great deal of home weaving is carried on and, altogether, employment is given to about two hundred and sixty weavers, and to the same number of girls and children. Nor is this all, for we are told that the progress of this business during the past fifty years has also affected every other branch of industry in the parishes. Smoky and unhealthy hovels have disappeared, and new and pretty cottages have sprung up in their places. Craftsmen of various callings have multiplied, and have found constant employment; and the rateable value of houses has grown so as to materially lighten the farmers' burdens. There is employment for everyone who is able and willing to, work, and the number of paupers is less ia proportion than in the neighbouring parishes. The farmers, too, find a ready and convenient sale for their produce, and they often get better prices than in the markets. We were recently told by an English writer that the next industrial revolution may bring about a relative decline in the industrial power of England and an increase in that of Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Local authorities should meet the change with open eyes, and endeavour not to strangle the new methods. They should, as far as possible, arrange that they shall grow up under conditions which will ensure no wanton sacrifice of natural beauty for it is generally admitted that there is a close alliance between a high morality and natural beauty. We may yet witness the decentralization of labour and wealth; and, let us hope that better and brighter days are still in store for our rural districts. There is no saying to what uses science may enable us to put the power which is now running to waste in the tremendous energy of our many mountain streams. We cannot conclude without expressing the hope that LORD KELVIN'S prediction will speedily become true of the Highlands of Wales also.
DR. MACNAMARA. DR. MACNAMARA, the editor of the School- master," will pay a visit to Aberystwyth in the last week in July, and will address a meeting of Educationists and others on the last Saturday in that month. DR. MACNAMARA has rendered yoeman service to elementary education generally, and he has of late done more than any other man to rouse the country on the vexed question of attendance. The teaching profession of Mid-Wales will, no doubt, be delighted to hear of this, his first public appearance in their own district. On educational statistics, DR. MACNAMARA can rightly claim the eminence of authority, and we feel sure that his visit to Aberystwyth will command a large and enthusiastic gathering and that nis wide and varied experience as member of the London School Board and president of the National Union of Teachers, will insure the attendance and win the attention of school managers and officials. DR. MACNAMARA'S visit is exceedingly opportune, and we sincerely hope it will have a salutary effect. 6
- NOTES AND COMMENTS. -•»
NOTES AND COMMENTS. -•» Mr. Llewelyn Williams' new Welsh novel is now ready and so should the readers be. Gwr y Dolau is an interesting and well written story of rural life in Wales. The polling in the election of a member of Parliament for South Edinburgh took place on Monday and resulted in the return r'l • Dewar> the liberal,, bv the splendid majority of 831 votes. At the last election Mr. Cox, the Unionist candidate, won by 37 votes. After a drought extending, over about three weeks rain fell heavily on Sunday throughout the country generally. At Birmingham where a water famine had been feared, the rain fell in torrents. Vast provinces in Russia are still suffering from drought, and public prayers for rain are offered up daily in the streets. Sir John Gorst, M.P., speaking at Oxford, suggested that as it was a moral offence so it should be made a legal offence for a parent to send a child to school in an unfi condition to receive instruction,, either from over-fatigue or from under-feeding. If some enactment of that kind were passed, the scandal of having school children em- ployed too long hours and in a cruel manner as wage-earners would be very much mitigated. Messrs. Lipton, Limited, were summoned last week in a London police-court for selling tea which was not of the weight it professed to be, the package having been weighed with the tea.. It was stated that the profits which the Company could obtain in this way alone amounted to X16,000 or X17,000 a year. A fine of £10, with 15 guineas costs, was imposed, but leave was given to appeal. A correspondent in the Standard" points out that a pound of certain chocolate creams ace packed in card- board cases which weigh nearly one and a-halr ounces.. The Americans are determined not to be beaten by trade rivals. The New York School Board has selected a site upon which it intends to speedily build a high school, on the most modern and approved plans, to be devoted to gratuitous education in the world's commerce. The course of two years for each student will comprise daily lectures, analysis of consular and other trade reports, and whatever may be- resolved upon as likely- to furnish means to successful competition in trade. It is believed that Americans will, thus have an opportunity for acquiring a. formidable equipment of technical knowiodget. enabling them to outstrip Europeans in. the search for commerce. It is said that a German workman has. discovered a new fuel which gives three times as much heat as ordinary coal. Its. composition isv of course, a secret, but it i& said to contain a large percentage of peat moss and clay. When the secret. wilt out we may find Tregaron as rich as a. Klondyke. A terrible catastrophe was but. narrowly- averted at Cockett on Monday. The rail- way tunnel fell in when a heavy- excursion, train from Aberystwyth, and the M. & M. Railway had barely passed through, Yesterday, Mr. Cecil Rhodes faced the music and took his honorary degree at Oxford. The weighty protest which has been made by leading men of, the University should deprive the compliment of all meaning. Mr. Rhodes was selected for an honorary degree in 1892. As he could not then attend, he was informed, according to the. usual practice, that lie could take the degree at a convenient season. He notified that it would be convenient for him to attend on Wednesday and the Council hesitates to withdraw an invitation which it offered under circumstances so completely different. The protest was numerously and influentially signed; among others by Dr. Caird, the Master of Balliol, and Mr. O. M. Edwards, Fellow of Lincoln College and M.P. for Merioneth. The University is too civil to refuse, and Mr. Rhodes's taste is bad enough to accept. At a meeting of the- Aberystwyth Town Council on Tuesday the following report was unanimously passed:—"The result of the independent enquiry to all the circum- stances by inspector New, on behalf of the. National Society for Prevention of Cruelty to children, and of his interview with Mr Gibson, the police, and other authorities of the town having been communicated to your Committee, and the Medical Officer of Health and the other officials of the Council having couba-med the report of Inspector- New that there was no foundation to the serious allegations made by Mr. Gibson your committee beg to report that it has been proved to their satisfaction that there is abso- lutely no foundation for the allegations re- ferred to and they further desire to express their strongest disapproval and condemnation of the conduct of Mr. Gibson in making such serious and groundless allegations against the town. Your Committee recom- mend that the best thanks of the Council be tendered to the National Society for Pre- vention of Cruelty to Children for the prompt enquiry instigated by the Society into the circumstances of the case." Welshmen will be prouder than ever of Lord Rendel for the generous tribute he paid them last week. It seemed to him," said his Lordship, that the average of Welsh brains were brighter than the average of English brains. They had some vulgar but expressive words which lie hardly liked to use, but which gave a low idea of the quality of intelligence in the rural classes of England. Such words could never be applied to the Welsh peasant class. In the next place, in England there was a very large proportion of rural classes who were in a permanently depressed condition. He did not think that could be said, so far as intellectual life was concerned, to be true of almost any part of Wales." Speaking of Messrs. Rowntree and gher- well's "Temperance Problem and Social Reform," Lady Henry Somerset says Th. book comes as a warning not only to tko country at large, but to Tempwmaeo re- formers as well; to the country as showing the appalling menance of the power of the trade; to Temperance reformers the ne- cessity of combination and organised action. For myself, says Lady Henry, I cannot but say that I regard their proposals hopefully. I shall always believe that the principle of local option is the pivot on which all reform must turn but the most sanguine temper- ance reformers cannot but admit that for many years to come we shall still have the problem of the liqbor traffic to solve in those districts and cities in which Prohibition is rejected by a majority.