Business Notices. SALE OF HIGH-CLASS LEATHER GOODS. GREAT REDUCTION IN PRICE. LADIES' AND GENTW PURSES. CARD, WRITING, & LETTER CASES. WALLETS, AND POCKET BOOKS, LADIES' HANDBAGS, &c. L ATE S T DES I G N S. ALL GOODS MARKED IN PLAIN FIGURES, GYDE, PHOTOGRAPHER, PIElt STREET. THOMAS, CASH CHEMIST. PRESCRIPTIONS prepared accurately with the best ingredients of ascertained purity and strength at LOWEST STORE PRICES FOR CASH. ORDINARY THOMAS'S CIIEMIST CHARGES. CASH PRICES. 2s. 6d. Bottles of Medicine for 2s. Od. per Bottle. 2s. Od." Is. 9d." „ „ Is. 2d. Is. Od. 1s. 4d." „ lOd. Is. 2d." „ 9d. Is. Od." 8d. Specialities and other Articles at equally Low Prices. The finest and largest Stock of Toilet Requisites and Perfumery in the Town. NOTE THE ADDRESS JOHN P. THOMAS, M.P.S., PHARMACEUTICAL AND DISPENSING CHEMIST, v 20, GREAT DARKGATE STREET, & 60, TERRACE ROAD, ABERYSTWYTH. ESTABLISHED 1854. OLDEST AXD BEST ESTABLISHMENT IN THE PRINCIPALITY. 1 JOHN THOMAS, 18, GREAT DARKGATE STREET, ABERYSTWYTH Hotels. HOTEL WESTMINSTER. JJIGH-CLASS FMILY, ^jOMMERCIAL, AND JJOARDING ESTABLISHMENT, C.T.C. HEADQUARTERS. Three minutes' walk from Station, Beach and Castle Grounds. Splendidly Furnished Throughout. Table D'Hote Daily at 1.30 p.m. Electric Light. Tariff Moderate. L. G. PARRY, Proprietress. THE QUEEN'S HOTEL, ABERYSTWYTH. Table D'Hote, 7.30. Boarding Terms from 3 Guineas per Week, or 12s. 6d. per day. THIS Hotel is replete with every modern appliance, and contains Coffee and Dining. Rooms, Ladies' JL Drawing Room, Recreation Room, Library, Billiard, and Smoking Rooms, and about one hundred Bedrooms. Having a frontege of 150 feet, all the Public and Private Sitting Rooms face the sea and are Lighted by Electricity. W. H. PALMER, proprietor. BELLE VUE HOTEL, ABERYSTWYTH. (Facing the Sea and close to the Pier.) Is one of the most reasonable and comfortable Family and Commercial Hotels in Wales. TABLE D'Hote, 6-30. Boarding Terms from 2. Guineas per week, or 9s. per day. 'Bus meets all Trains. _L Tariff on Application to the Manageress. W. H. PALMER, Proprietor. LION ROYAL HOTEL, ABERYSTWYTH. THIS improved and newly-furnished Hotel, centrally situated, affords every accommodation to Visitors. JL Contains upwards of Fifty Bedrooms. Spacious Coffee, Commercial and Dining Rooms, Smoking Rooms, and Two Billiard Tables. Large Ball and Banqueting Hall. ° POSTING IN ALITDEPARTMENTS. BRAKES, WAGONETTES, LANDAUS, VICTORIAS, &c. SPECIAL TERMS TO FAMILIES DURING THE WINTER SEASON BOARDING, INCLUSIVE, FROM £2 12s. 6d. THE HOTEL OMNIBUSES MEET ALL TRAINS RUFUS WILLIAMS, PROPRIETOR. "T" WHITE HORSE HOTEL, ABERYSTWYTH. CLOSE TO SEA AND RAILWAY STATION. TERMS MODERATE. Proprietress: M. A. REA. W ATERIOO HOTEL, ABERYSTWYTH, High-Cla s Family and Commercial Private Hotel and Boarding Establishment, Situated in the best part of the Town, facing the Sea, recently much enlarged and re-furnished, being now one of the Largest and Most Comfortable Hotels on the Welsh Coast. PERFECT SANITARY ARRANGEMENTS. EVERY MODERN COMFORT AND CONVENIENCE. BATHS, BILLIARDS, and ELECTRIC LIGHT. PRIYATE SITTING ROOMS. INCLUSIVE BOARD TERMSFROM £2 2 0 PER WEEK. BUS MEETS ALL TRAINS. A. E. & A. MORRIS* Proprietresses. TERMINUS- HOTELT^BERYSTWYTH. THE Hotel is now under new management. It is situate close to the Station and is the most convenient JL Hotel in Town for Travellers and others. It has recently been enlarged and is now replete with every modern convenience and is lighted throughout with the Electric Light. To E. SALMON, PRWPRJETWR. GWALIA HOTEL, Ltd., LLANDRINDOD WELLS. THE origin of the Llandrindod "GWALIA" is the well-known "GWALIA" OF UPPER WO BURN PLACE, LONDON. It was started 1839; by the season of the following year, extensive additions had to be made to meet a rapid increasing business these extensions have culminated in tho NEW PREMISES, whioh was opened last year (July 27th, 1898,) The situation of the "GWALIA" is unrivalled. Beautiful outlook, commanding the finest views ossible, perfect South-West aspect, close to Park and Mineral Springs—Saline, Sulphure, and Chalybeate. Heating apparatus, good supply of Radiators on balconies and corridors. ELECTRIC LIGHT. PASSENGERS' LIFT. BILLIARD TABLE. EDWARD JENKINS, Manager. AND "GWALIA" UPPER WOBL'RN PLACE, LONDON. Business Notices. STEPHEN VAUGHAN DAVIES, £ JORN, JPLOL'R, AND J>RO VISION JYJERCHANT, LAMPETER. rpHE Finest Te -Nian.Britli that can be procured for Is. 4d. per lb. Sole Proprietor of the Tea Brith StBphen Is. IOd. with its marvellous, flavour and Superb Quality, has sprung with a bound into the highest in public flavour. HARFORD SQUARE, LAMPETER. WALTER DAVIES Is now making a Grand Display of the LATEST NOVELTIES IN Mantles, Capes, Jackets, Mackintosh Cloaks, Furs, Costumes, etc., PLAIN AND FANCY DRESS FABRICS. P.S. Goods not in Stock procured at Shortest Notice by Parcels arriving daily from London and other centres CAMBRIAN gHOE F ACTOR Y, LAMPETER. DAVIES BI[IOS.' BOOTS AND SHOES ARE POPULAR IN ALL TOWNS, WHY? Because they FIT well! Because they WEAR well! Because they SELL well! Come and see the new Stock of SUMMER BOOTS and SHOES. EVERY BOOT SOLD GUARANTEED. Note the Address—CAMBRIAN FACTORY, LAMPETER. FOR GOOD AND RELIABLE BOOTS AND SHOES OF THE BEST QUALITY GO To EDWIN PETERS, 61, GREAT ARKGATE ks TREET, 51, (Three doors above Town Clock,) ABERYSTWYTH. Gentlemen's and Ladies' Boots and Shoes of every description. Repairs on shortest notice THOMAS POWELL & CO., WHOLESALE GROCERS AND GENERAL MERCHANTS, MARKET STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. WAREHOUSES: LITTLE DARKGATE STREET AND MILL STREET. GARDEN SEEDS, EARLY SEED POTATOES, SEED OATS, BARLEY OATS, CLOVER AT WHOLESALE PRICES. JAMES McILQUHAM, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL GLASS, CHINA, AND EARTHENWARE DEALER, BRIDGE END STORES, ABERYSTWYTH. TEA, BREAKFAST AND DESSERT SERVICES. STOWERBRIDGE & OTHER GLASS. Everything down to the lowest Culinary Articles. One of the Largest Stocks in Wales to Select from z, Contractor for Hotels and Public Institutions. Special attention given to Badged and Crested Ware Services Matched, no matter where purchased. Goods Lent out on Hire. AN EXPERIENCED PACKER KEPT. Inspection invited and your patronage respectfully solicited IF YOU WANT GOOD, RELIABLE FURNITURE AT A LOW PRICE. GO TO DAVID ELLIS AND SONS, FURNISHERS, 6, CHALYBEATE STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. JOHN MAETHLON JAMES, TAILORING, MILLINERY, AND DRESSMAKING ESTABLISHMENT, CAMBRIAN HOUSE, TOWYN, R.S.O. H. WTGRIFFITH, BOOT AND SHOE WAREHOUSE, 7, COLLEGE GREEN, TOWYN, MER. Agent for the noted K and Cinderella Boots. E. L. PTOWLANDS, FAMILY AND GENERAL GROCER, LIVERPOOL HOUSE, ABERDOVEY. Choice Selection of General Provisions and Italian Goods, etc., always in Stock. J. GWILYM EVANS, FAMILY GROCER AND PROVISION MERCHANT, THE STORES, HIGH STREET & STATION ROAD, TOWYN. NOTED HOUSE FOR TEA. BEST IN THE MARKET FOR ITS STRENGTH, PURITY, AND FLAVOUR. R. MORGAN, I'LL ARM \( T.I TL< A F, & DISPENSING CHEMIST, 2 3 fJlERRACE OAD, A BERYSTWYTH. All Drugs and Chemicals of GUARANTEED PURITY. PRESCRIPTIONS CAREFULLY DISPENSED AT LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES FOR CASH. Fruit Saline in 6d. and Is. Bottle. Citrate of Magnesia in 6d.; the very best quality, Is. size, 9d. Pure Lemon Squash, specially prepared for us, in 9d. and Is. 3d. bottles (twice the 9d. size). A large assortment of Toilet Requisites at the lowest prices for CASH. ESTABLISHED 1850. OWEN AND SONS, JJARIS HoesE, 11 & 13, NORTH PARADE, A BERYSTWYTH. COMPLETE OUTFITTERS. NEW GOODS FOR SPRING AND SUMMER. LADIES' HIGH-CLASS TAILORING (PRIVATE FITTING ROOMS). NEW SUITINGS, COATINGS, TROUSERINGS, BREECHES MATERIALS, &c., &c. SOLE AGENTS FOR DR. JAEGER'S SANITARY WOOLLEN SYSTEM. SOLE AGENTS FOR WELCH MARGETSON'S SHIRTS, COLLARS, NECKWEAR, &c. NEW WATERPROOFS, DRESS BASKETS, TRUNKS, &c. OWEN AND soxs. FOR SUCCESSFUL ADVERTISING TRY THR "WELSH GAZETTE."
WHO IS GUILTY? THE statements made by MR. J OIt GIBSON, which were referred to at the Aberystwyth Town Council on Tuesday, are, if true, deserving of serious consideration; if untrue, deserving of contempt. They are such as to cast a serious reflection upon the fair name of the town, and we believe, without flattery, that Aberystwyth will bear favourable comparison with any other watering place or health resort in the kingdom, large or small. The reputation of any place should, at least, be equal to its character it would be a gross injustice to degrade a town-especially a town that depends largely upon visitors-below its true character, and it would be unwise and useless to extol it above; but such state- ments are bound in the long run to damage a town, for where much mud is thrown, some must needs stick. MR. GIBSON made a deliberate charge against some person or persons in some house in Aberystwyth, of what really amounts to nothing less than deliberate and cold-blooded murder, and one would think that a man, after publicly making such a statement, would not sit down and let the matter rest, but would do all in his power to bring the perpetrators of such a horrible crime to the judgment which they would so richly deserve. But MR. GIBSON does nothing he makes the speech, it is true, but anyone can talk, and the question arises now, if this be true, is not MR. GTBSON morally, whatever he may be legally, an accessory. It may be true that MR. GIBSON was told this by an official of the Corporation it may be true that he has, as he says, investigated the facts and found them to be correct, and, to use his own words, that little children are done to death"; but has MR. GIBSON forgotten the existence of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children ? MR. GIBSON may be afraid of the law of libel; probably, he has sufficient cause to be but it seems a cowardly thing to take shelter behind such a flimsy pretext when it is a question, not only of justice being done, but even of life and death. If MR. GIBSON is afraid, other men are not, and a letter to the REV. BENJAMIN WAUGII, secretary to the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, would ensure the matter, if so serious as represented, being thoroughly looked into and the guilty parties brought to justice. MR. GIBSON takes it upon him- self to be the censor of public morals as regards the proper treatment of animals; are not children of as much value? MR. GIBSON has the floor; let him speak now and prove his charges, or for ever hold his peace.
COUNTY COUNCILS. AT the annual meeting of the County Council's Association at Westminster last week it was stated that seven Welsh Counties were unrepresented on the Association and that two only of the English counties were now outside its pale. Sir JOHN HIBBERT, who was re-elected president for the ensuing year, said that the Association, since its formation, had been of the greatest service to the county councils of the country and that its range of influence was extending year by year. In reviewing the work of the Association during the past year SIR JOHN said he did not think the value or estimation of county councils had at all taken a backward turn. If they looked at the various bills that had been laid on the table of the House of Commons, they would find that a considerable number of them affected largely the interests of county councils and county ratepayers, and pro- posed to put the administration of various projects in the hands of the county councils. There were five Old-age Pension Bills, and all of these proposed to bring in the county councils. For his own part, if the county councils were brought into this question of old-age pensions it would be much against his will, because he looked on the proposal as one that was most difficult to carry out, and as entailing a large burden on the ratepayers. The proposals in most of the bills did not affect so much the paupers of the country; they must be regarded as really Socialistic measures which sought to give old-age pensions to the class above the pauper class, and to a large extent to the working classes. The same remark applied to the Cottage Homes Bill, which proposed that county councils, at the request of parish councils or district councils, should build cottages for the poorer classes of the people. That would entail, if it were carried out, a very serious responsibility upon the counties. From these and other proposals it was clear that the county councils were to be looked upon as the authorities that should distribute all public funds, and should, in fact, become what might be called the relieving officer of the future. There was no question that effected the counties that required more attention than the pollution of rivers. In the recent debate on the Rivers Pollution Prevention Bill, MR CHAPLIN, who represented the Local Govern- ment Board, said that they were all agreed that, as far as it was possible to attain it, the rivers ought to be free from the pollution that affected too many ? them at the present time. It is, we believe, almost impossible for a private member to deal with so large and important a question and the county councils should, through the Association, ask the Government to deal with it.
THE SOLIDARITY OF THE TEACHING PROFESSION THE Bisnop OF HEREFORD, in his lecture at the College the other day, used an expression to which it is worth drawing the attention of those who are engaged in the teaching of youths, and those who contemplate taking up this profession as their career in life' DR. PERCIVAL referred to the solidarity of the teaching profession. Now, this is an aspect of their office to which the teachers themselves have hitherto paid little heed. In Wales, as amongst our neighbours beyond t) the Border, teachers have too greatly for- gotten their mutual dependence and their common aim and in Wales these important items should be least forgotten or neglected. Our educational circumstances are such that it is worth while drawing the attention of teachers of various degrees or grades to the fact that before the most effective work can be performed in the educational progress of our common country, it is necessary that the teachers should aim at the solidarity of which DR. PERCIVAL spoke, and not rest satisfied till they see it realised. We repeat the trite statement that now in Wales our educational system is fairly complete. We have our Elementary Schools, our Inter- mediate Schools, and our University Colleges. Corresponding to these institutions, we have three grades of instructors-our elementary and trained teachers, and county school masters, and our college professors. We. fail to find that there is that enormous chasm and abyss between these three grades which sometimes appears to exist. A college professor in his lecture-room does not do more valuable or real work than the. county teacher in his class-room, and the county teacher again does not do more important or necessary work than is done by the elementary teacher in his schoolroom. A teacher, to whichever grade he belongs, must receive enormous enthusiasm for his profession when he remembers that he belongs to the commonwealth of educators, who strain every nerve to enlarge the sphere I of intellectual and moral life of the. com- munity. We have often thought that the very idea of the solidarity of the teaching profession, not only alleviates the tedious monotony of the teacher's life, but even enobles it. The drudgery of an elementary teacher, his toiling at his laborious duties far away in some remote country district, receives something like a halo when he remembers that his functions are quite as essential to the well-being of the State, and even more so, as those of a professor lecturing at a college to grown-up students on the Republic of Plato or Newton's Principia. The circle that is in a gnat's eye," says DR. MACLAREN, of Manchester, "is as true a circle as the one that holds within its sweep all the stars and the sphere that a dew-drop makes is as perfect a sphere as that of the world." If all our teachers remembered this, a most valuable and salutary lesson would have been learnt. How admirable a thing it would be if all the members of the teaching staffs of Wales realised that they form one great corporation or guild, working, each in his own groove but each working steadily, surely, con- fidently, and conscientiously towards the attainment of one common purpose. And, just as nothing is more common than mistakes as to the comparative importance of the different vocations of life, so nothing is more common than the errors into which we are inclined to fall in estimating the value and importance of the different grades of the same profession. Now, in the teaching vocation this has, we believe, been extremely detrimental to the progress of education, and we have seen broken up into fragments what should have been welded into one solid whole. We have formed the highest opinions of the teacher's office, to whatever grade the teacher may belong. We consider his office to be amongst the noblest on earth. Our article of faith on this subject may be stated in CHANNING'S words It is more important than that of the statesman. The statesman may set fences round our property and dwellings but how much more are we indebted to him who calls forth the powers and affections of those for whom our property is earned, and our dwellings are reared, and who renders our children objects of increasing love and respect ?" We think that teachers of the different grades are nearer together at the present day than they have ever been before. Hitherto they have been looking almost suspiciously at each other; and evorv+hing that affects a rapproachement" and brings them into closer touch with each other is greatly to be encouraged. We leave at present the problem of how this desirable object is to be attained. We are satisfied just now with simply pointing out that the sooner the question is understood and grasped, and the solidarity realised, the better it will be for the advancement of education in Wales, and to the furtherance of which we hope to lend, from time to time, a helping hand.
NOTES AND COMMENTS. — The Peace Conference at the Hague is progressing satisfactorily. It is said the general feeling is that the work of the delegates is moving with an unexpected absence of friction, the British and American delegates being well satisfied. It is stated that a London capitalist has offeied to construct at Southélld a huge sea, wall, at a cost of iG00,000. In return he asks permission to use the tidal force for working a generating plant, with the idea. of supplying London with electricity. The committee of the Welsh Industries Association have decided to hold the annual meeting, by permission of Lord and Lady Llangattock, at South Lodge, Knightsbridge, London, at the end of the month. The Association has already been able to do something for the native industries of Wales, and it hopes to be able to considerably extend its operations in future. The Mid-Cardiganshire Educational Con- ference, which is to meet early next month at Felinfach, promises to be a great success. A large number of school managers and teachers have already written to the secre- tary approving of the conference, and ex- pressing their intention of being present. The conference will be bilingual, and will be presided over by Mr. Darlington, H.M.I.S., whilst Mr. Legard, the Chief Inspector for Wales, will attend .and address the meeting. The auditor of the Merthyr Union ac- counts on Saturday entered his reasons for surcharging the Merthyr guardians in respect of relief to certain miners during the great strike. He said that there is no authority in law enabling guardians to give relief in money to able-bodied men who have work to go to which would enable them to maintain themselves and families. The guardians are only enabled to relieve cases in which there is sudden and urgent necessity. Wales has not been quite forgotten in the Birthday Honours. A knighthood has been conferred upon Lawrence Hugh Jenkins, I, Chief Justice of the High Court of Bombay. Sir Lawrence, who is the youngest judge of the High Courts in India, is a native of Cilbronau, Cardiganshire. The other Welsh- men honoured are, Mr. H. M. Stanley to be G.C.B. Mr. W. H. Preece, lately Engineer-in-Chief to the General Post Office, to be K.C.B. and his brother, Mr. J. R. Preece, British Consul at Ispahan, to be C.M.G. The Preeces are natives of Carnar- vonshire. L e, Mr. James Bryce, M.P., at a meeting of the Teachers' Guild on Saturday, entered a solemn protest against the action of the Legislature in trying to substitute physical science for literary and humane subjects as a means of education. He went so far as to call such a change a menacing danger to the future generation. The purely scientific method, he maintained, produced a dry, gritty, and unfertile type of mind. Such a mind remains ignorant of the highest subject of knowledge, the thoughts and ideas of man. Sudden and unexceptional as the heat was on Thursday throughout the country, Monday proved hotter still, the thermometer at ten o'clock in London registering 80 degrees in the shade and over 100 degrees in the sun. Two cases of heat stroke were treated as early as half-past ten, and special provision was made for such cases at several of the hospitals, where numerous cases were treated during the day. At one o'clock in the afternoon, the thermometer registered 85 degrees in the shade and 112 in the sun, being a higher temperature than has been recorded in London at the commencement of June for some years past. Several persons* on the tops of omnibuses and tramcars found the heat too powerful for them, and had to retire inside. The display of morbid sentiment by the general public over the death of the French horse Holocauste, which broke his leg in the Derby, has been far greater, says the Liverpool Mercury," than that shown over any unfortunate human being, except, perhaps, a very notorious criminal. No sooner was the poor beast slaughtered than locks of its mane were being sold to ad- mirers round about, and on the journey to town in the knacker's cart the carcase had to be swathed in cloth for fear of its being. literally hacked to pieces. As it was, not- withstanding that at each halt the cart was guarded by two policemen, someone suc- ceeded in lopping off an ear. After the. conversion of the body into cats-meat the run on "jHolocauste cutlets" was tremendous,, with the probable result that the amount of meat sold as the racehorse's flesh far ex- ceeded the actual weight of the animal. Dr. Andrew Wilson has-been writing to the papers on the importance of the Osyter Bill, which passed its second reading in the House of Lords a few weeks ago. That, eminent physician says that it is undeniable that typhoid fever has been communicated to man through eating oysters contaminated by the germs of the fever through being laid down tin water in which sewage was allowed to pass. *The Bill gives power to county councils to test the water of the oyster beds, and to prevent for ten days removal of oysters from beds where con- tamination exists. Other provisions are- directed towards the working of the Act, which on the whole is a satisfactory piece of legislation from a health point of view. What now about the dogmatic Editor who tried to belittle and laugh away the state- ments of the Aberystwyth Medical Officer of Health, when lie pointed out to the local authority that oysters were fertile sources of danger to health, owing to their being a ready media to communicate diseases. Dr. Thomas stuck to his guns, and: he has been fully vindicated. The "Schoolmaster" says it is not at all displeased that Mr. Robson's Half-time Bill is not yet through Committee stage. It insists that the purpose of the measure— originally a most excellent and beneficent one—has been disastrously marred by the crude and ill-considered proposals of Mr. Robson himself for permitting village children to go full time to work after the eleventh birthday has been reached, the local by-law standard for partial exemption. passed, and 250 attendances made for the year. On the occasion of the second reading of the Bill, Sir John Gor^t, in an off-hand way, and quite incidentally, referred to the entire closing of the village schools in Switzerland during the harvest period. This plan, he thought, might profitably be adopted in this country. But it would be a failure," unless the children were kept at school to a comparatively late age,' and unless it were combined 11 with such laws as would make attendance a reality. But Mr. Robson's proposal, the S, iloolilitster urges, does not in any y Dld, Sir Johrk G- orst's suggestions. it does not entirely close the schools for iue MUju.tier; it dqejj not raise the limit for exempt ion to a com- 'I It 1 paratively late ago; a ad it absolutely provides no machinery whatever for linking attendance a reality during the period that the children are supposed to be compelled to attend school. Ac now stalls,, this proposal, the Sehoolm.-Mn-eir#hatically urges, will work out u. desirously for the village school-already far too deplorable condition, th.u't. FO parental indifference and the inca;a, not indeed the actual oi