UNIVERSITY COURT OF WALES ABERYSTWYTH. ANNUAL COLLEGIATE MEETING. CONFERRING OF DEGREES. Dr Isambard Owen, senior deputy chancellor, presided over the meeting of the University Court held in the Library, Aberystwyth College on Thursday. He was supported by Hon. Geo. T. Kenyan, junior chancellor, Principal Viriamu Jones, vice chancillor, and Mr T. E. Ellis, M.P., Warden of the iGnild of Gruduates. There were also present amongst others: Colonel Pryce-Jones, M.P., Mr Herbert Lewis, M.P., Mr A C Humphreys- Owen, M.P., Professor Reichel, Sir Lewis Morris, Profeseor Edward Edwards, Principal Roberts, &c. VOTES OF CONDOLENCE. On the motion of the Deputy Chancellor votes of condolence were passed on the death of the Rev J. D. Watters, Cardiff, Mr Thomas Gee, Denbigh, and the Queen of Denmark. THE OFFICE OF JUNIOR DEPUTY CHANCELLOR. Lord Tradegar wrote declining the office of Junior Deputy Chancellor of the University, as he had so many other duties to attend to. Intimation was received that the Chancellor of the University had approved of the appointment of the Hon. Geo. T. Kenyon to the post.—The Hon. Geo. T. Kenyon acknowledged the honour conferred upon him by his Royal Highness. THE OFFICE OF TREASURER. Mr Edwin Grove, treasurer to the University, wrote to say that, acting under medical advice, he was compelled to resign the office of Treasurer. The Deputy Chancellor expressed the hope that he would re-consider his decision to retire. LETTERS OF REGRET. Letters of regret for non-attendance were read from Lord Windsor, Lord Kenyon, Mr W. Rathbone, Miss E. P. Hughes and Mr Pennant. RESULTS OF EXAMINATIONS. Mr Ivor James'(Registrar) presented the results of the Examinations. The number of candidates who entered the matrio examination was 430, being 61 in excess of the number for 1897. The number who entered degree examination was 422 or 137 in excess of last year. Sir F. Knollys wrote on behalf of the Chancellor stating that His Royal Highness was very pleased with the progress made and he approved of the list of candidates. The Deputy Chancellor said that every one would agree with him that the results of the examination had been extremely satisfactory. The list of candidates ia the matric lists and list of passes which were already high ones had gone up still further. The results of the degree examinations had been he thought equally satisfactory. ELECTION OF TREASURER. The Deputy Chancellor moved that a cordiaj vote of thanks be given to Mr Edwin Grove for his past services, and that the Court express a 'hope that he might soon regain his health.—The vote was carried.—The Court next accepted the recommen- dation of the Standing Executive Committee, deal- ing with election of officers, which shall be by ballot, in the case of Senior Deputy Chancellor, J iluior Deputy Chancellor, Treasurer and Registrar. The election of treasurer was then proceeded with, the names of Sir James Hills Johnes and that of Alderman Tom Jones (Monmouthshire), being men- tioned. The last named gentleman declined to stand, and Sir James Hills Johnes was elected. GILCHRIST STUDENTSHIP. The Standing Executive Committee reported that they had awarded the Gilchrist Studentship for 1898 to Mr J. R. Dawes of the Intermediate School, Pembroke Dock. BANKING ACCOUNT.. The Committee authorised the treasurer to transfer the University accounts from Martin's Bank in London to the North and South Wales Bank.—Agreed. THE SOLICITORS ACT OF Hsn. The Standing Executive Committee reported that they had received notification of an order made by the Lord Chief Justice, the Master of the Rolls, and the Lord Chancellor, ordering that a certificate of having passed a preliminary examination under the said Solicitor's Act, 1877, shall not be required from any person who has passed the Matriculation Examination of the University of Wales. THE MINUTES. Attention was called by Professor Reichel to the great delay in the publication of the minutes of the Court. Five months had elapsed before the minutes were circulated, and the delay was of a very serious character. Other speakers followed and Professor Reichel moved that the Standing Committee take the matter in hand and report.—The Court then adjourned. THE CONGREGATION. The Congregation of the University of Wales took place in the Pier Pavilion in the afternoon. The large room was crowded with students and their friends. The College choir occupied the stage, which was neatly set off with plants, and under tke conductor ship of Mr David Jenkins rendered several pieces of Welsh music. Punctually to the time stated the Deputy Chancellor, accompanied by the Vice-Chancellor, Junior Deputy Chancellor, the warden of the Guild of Graduates, Principal Roberts, ex-Vice-Chancellor, Principal Rheichel, Mr Cadwallader Davies, counsel, Mr Ivor James. Registrar. The first part of the preccdings con- sisted of conferring the honorary degree of D.D. upon the Rev. Principal Thomas Charles Edwards, formerly Principal of the Aberystwyth College. The venerable professor was led forward by Principal Roberts, who presented him to the Vice- Chancellor. He was then formally addressed by the Vice-Chancellor, Deputy Chancellor, and the Warden of the Guild, and he resumed his seat amid renewed outbursts of loud cheering. The Registrar then read out the list of candi- dates to be admitted to honours as follows 1. The Rev Principal Thomas Charles Edwards, D.D., to receive the degree of D.D., honoris causa. II. To receive the degree of B.A., with first-class honours :-Be etrice Edgell, Aberystwyth; Edward Ernest Hughes, Aberystwyth; Hugh Michael Utighes, Aberystwyth Ivor Bertram John, Cardiff; David Phillips, Cardiff William Roberts, Bangor. III. To receive the degree of B.A., with second. I class honours in two subjects:—John Wells Wilkin- son, Aberystwyth; Arthur Edward Williams, Cardiff; David Williams, Aberystwyth. IV. To receive the degree of B.A., with second-class honours :—Eleanor Elian Evans, Cardiff; Elizabeth Mary Lloyd, Aberystwyth; Menai Jane Rowlands, Baugor and Aberystwy ch; Caroline Pearse Tremain; Aberystwyth; Charlotte Minna Webb, Bangor. V. To receive the degree of B.A., with third-class honoursGriffith Hughes, Aberystwyth. VI. and VII. To receive the degree of B.A. William Francis Allen, Cardiff; Thomas William Chance, Cardiff; Florence Emily Davies, Aberyst- wyth; Annie Gertrude Duckers, Cardiff; Tydfil Eleanor Evans, Aberystwyth; Henry Greenacoinbe, Cardiff John Thomas Jones, Aberystwyth Ethel Lowdon, Cardiff; Daniel Mark, Cardiff; Edwin A. Phillips, Bangor; Alice Mary Smith, Aberystwyth; William Thomas, Cardiff; Harvey Williams, Aberystwyth; Richard Williams, Aber- ystwyth. VIII. For the degree of B.Sc., with second-class honours :-William John Cardiff John Harold Parkinson, Aberystwyth; Michael Edward White, Aberystwyth; William Rees Williams, Cardiff. IX. For the degree of B.So :-Jacob John Evans, Bangor; William Henry James, Cardiff James Travis Jenkins, Cardiff and A.berystwyth; Charles William Herbert Greaves, Bangor; John Ralph Powell, Cardiff. As each candidate came forward they were presented by the repre- sentatives of their respective Colleges. The ceremony concluded by the singing of the Men of Harlech." THE COURT. The Court resumed its sittings at the conclusion of the above ceremony and proceeded to discuss the report of the Senate which was presented by the Vice- Jhancellor. FELLOWSHIP. The Senate reported that nine candidates had applied for the Fellowship of zCl50 for two years offered by the Court, and they recommended the Court to award it to Mr Ivor Bertram John, assist- ant lecturer in the Normal Department of Cardiff College.—Agreed. PERIOD OF OFFICE OF VICE-CHANCELLOR. The Senate reported that the tenure of office of the Vice-Chancellor be two years instead of one year.—The Court agreed that the matter should be referred to the Standing Executive Committee. THEOLOGICAL BOARD. The report of the Theological Board presented by Archdeacon Pryce stated that it had appointed a Committee to enquire into the provisions made by the leading Theological Colleges in the United Kingdom, including the Theological Faculties of the English, Irish, and Scottish Universities, to form some standard of equip- ment and efficiency which may be applied to the College of Wales, and to ascertain what is the actual state of prospective arrangements in those Colleges which desire recognition at the hands of the University.—The report was adopted.—It was decided that the next meeting of the Court should take place in Swansea next April. +-
CAERSWS BOARD OF GUARDIANS WEDNESDAY. Present: Mr R. Evans (vice-chairman) presiding, Miss A. M. Lloyd, Messrs Edward Powell. R. Pryce, J. Brown, John Lewis, E. Powell, J. Jones, D. Higgs, D. Lloyd, J. Evans, R. Breeze, N. Bennett, T. Mills, M. H. Davies, Evan Lewis, Joseph Jones, D. Jones, E. P. Davies, D. T. Francis, the Rev T. H. Hughes, with the Clark plr R. Williams). THE DETENTION OF VAGRANTS. At the suggestion of the Machynlleth Union it was agreed that the Board should detain vagrants over Sunday who were admitted on Saturday. MISCELLANEOUS. The Local Government Board wrote confirming the appointment of Mr Kinsey as Collector for Carno and Llanwnog.—The thanks of the Board were accorded the Rv T. H. Hughes, Llangurig, for the gift of a barrel of apples, and to Mrs Walker, Bronfelen, for a parcel of periodicals for the use of the inmates.—The tender of Mr E. Pryce, Pant, for butter at 8d per pound was accepted. THE ASYLU31 QUESTION. The Clerk read the resolutions arrived at by the different Boards in the county in regard to the Guardians' proposition of inviting a conference of delegates with the view of converting one of the four Workhouses in the county into an asylum. The Forden Board refused to consider the question say- ing it was a matter for the County Council. Llan. fyllin had appointed delegates; Macbynlleth were considering the question, and Atcham who had a small interest in the county did not think it sufficient to justify then. expressing an opinion.— Mr Edward Powell said he was sorry the Forden Board had not discussed their scheme upon its merits instead of delivering a lecture upon their procedure. The Forden Board were under a mis- apprehension in regard to the facts of the case. The Lunacy Acts provided that the County Council should provide for its county an asylum for the pauper lunatics, or join with another county in providing a joint asylum. Montgomeryshire and Salop had provided the joint asylum at Bicton Heath. The Asylum was regulated by a Visiting Committee nominated in part by Montgomeryshire and in part by Shropshire, and it was for this committee and not the County Council which could say whether that agreement should be put an end to or not. The Act provided that if the majority of the committee of visitors agreed to put an end to this working agreement they could do so with the consent of the Home Secretary. Twenty years ago the Shropshire representatives, as bad been already stated, wished to get out of this bargain, and Montgomeryshire did not wish to get out of it, because they would have had to provide an asylum. If that state of things existed at the present time be, too, would be very much against putting an end to that agreement. What they proposed, however, was that one of the Workhouses of the county should be utilised as an asylum, and to define which Workhouse should be so converted and what provision should be made for the paupers of that Workhouse, they had suggested that each of the four Boards in the county should nominate two representatives to meet the Visiting Committee, who with the consent of the Home Secretary had power to put an end to the agreement. Referring to the Rev. L. J. Lee's statement that Boards of Guardians had nothing whatever to do with the matter, he asked then who had ? It was true that the County Council provided the buildings, but the Guardians paid the money, and they accordingly had a right. to visit the Asylum and to send their medical officer on their behalf. He proposed That the Clerk write to the Clerk of the Forden Board, calling their attention to section 267 of the Lunacy Act, which provides for the manner in which the present agreement may be dissolved, not by the County Council, but by the Visiting Com- mittee of the Asylum, with the consent of the Home Secretary, and to enquire whether, after consideration of the scheme, the Board will not adopt the suggestion of this Board, viz That representatives of the Boards of this County shall meet the Visiting Committee of the Asylum, or the representatives of the Montgomery Council upon it, to discuss and arrange, if found desirable, for a dissolution of the existing agreement with Shrop- shire, and the using of one of the Workhouses of this County as a County Asylum. Should they not accept this suggestion, the Clerk shall enquire whether, in the event of the other U nions agreeing upon a scheme the Forden Board would be prepared to allow their Workhouse, should it be selected, to be converted into such au Asylum, their ordinary paupers being maintained, on fair terms, in one of the other Workhouses, and should another Workhouse be selected for conversion into an asylum, would they be prepared to, if desired, to take the ordinary paupers of that Union into their Workhouse. The Clerk also to write that this Board has no desire to bring about an amalgamation of Unions." He hoped that if the Forden Board declined to discuss the question that they would not deliver any more lectures to them.—Mr D. Lloyd seconded the motion which was unanimously agreed to. PROPOSED IMPROVEMENTS FOR THE HOUSE. The Visiting and Lunacy Committees appointed to inspect the House recommended the Board to obtain ground plans of the House from an architect, and specified several important alterations which should be made, comprising 27 suggestions in all. They considered a revision of the dietary tables necessary, and recommended that 'all structural alterations should be deferred pending the settle- ment of the questiou of accommodating lunatics and converting one the Workhouses in an Asylum.- Mr Powell moved its adoption, and said that if the improvements were carried out the Board would have a greater chance of the Workhouse being converted into an Asylum.—Mr John iJewis objected to the adoption of the whole of the report as they would commit themselves to an expense of hundreds of pounds.—Mr Evan Powell moved as an amendment that the report be deferred. The motion was carried by seven votes to nine. It was further resolved on the motion of Mr Powell, that the Committee should be empowered to get estimates for items other than structural alterations. The Special Committee which has been formed to pron»te the objects of the Wesleyan Methodist Twentiflra Century Fund met again yesterday. Among the recommendations they agreed to make are that £ 100,000 of the fund should be devoted to foreign missions, a like amount to home missions, and X250,000 to purchase a suitable site in London in a convenient and prominent situatian, and erect upon it a Connexional building.
MACHYNLLETH COUNTY SCHOOL. OPENING DAY. The formal opening of the Machynlleth County School took place on Tuesday amid much rejoicing, The School has been in use since the begining of the present term, and the formal ceremony was postponed in order that Lord Rendel, President of Aberystwyth College, might be present. An announcement was made by the Cerk (Mr John Rowlands) that the debt had been, by the help of that day's subscription, cleared off to within £ 50. Such a statement, it is needless to Bay, was received with much gratification. The school buildings are described as follow s:— The school is placed on elevated ground with a j fine south aspect and an extensive view of the i valley of the Dovey. A new street has recently | been opened from Pentreihedyn street, giving an I excellent carriage approach to the school, and materially enhancing the value of the site. Ac- commodation is provided for 72 scholars in four Class Rooms furnished with dual desks. Three of the Class Rooms are separated by folding parti- tions, which may be opened to throw the three rooms into one for a general assembly of the school. The fourth Class Room is fitted as a Science Lecture Room with raised gallery for students and a Demon- strator's Table, on a platform with sliding black- board behind and the gas and water connections necessary for the teaching of science. This room will be in close proximity to the new Chemical Laboratory which it is intended to build immedi- ately. The Girls and Boys have entirely separate Entrances, Cloak Rooms, and Lavatory accommo- dation. On the Girls side is a large cooking kitchen fitted up with two cooking rangea and all necessary appliances for teaching cooking. A Master's Room and Mistress' Room with Store Room between com- plete the plan. Space for further extension is al- lowed at the rear and side of the building. The warmiug is by open tire places throughout. All the Class Rooms and the Cooking kitchen have through" veutilation and are well lighted from the left of the scholars. Special attention has been paid to the lighting of the passages. The Building is entirely of Local Stone with cement face. The funds at the disposal of the Governors would not aHow of any money bsing spent on ornament, the building is therefore perfectly plain internally, but a satisfactory appearance has been obtained by a careful grouping of the gables and a well propor- tioned turret. The architects are Messrs Hipkiss & Bassett, Aberystwyth and Aberdovey, and the contractor Mr Humphrey Jones, Penegoes. A procession was formed at the station, and amongst those present were the following :—Mr A C Humphrtys-Owen, M.P., Colonel Pryce-Jones, M.P., Mr David Jones, E Rees, J.P., N B Owen, J.P., Joseph Evans, J.P., E Gillart, solicitor, R Gillart, W T Duke Williams, D E R Griffith, Daniel Howell, Drs. Davies, Matthews, and Edwards, Revs W S Jones, J 0 Jones, W 0 Jones, D H Hughes, Josiah Jones, D H Williams, D T Hughes, Canon Trevor, E Edwards, Corris; W Richards, Cemmes; Morgans, Llaubrynmair; Messrs R Rees, W M Jones, .1 M Breeze, Mrs Davies; Mrs and Miss Foulkes Jones, Mra and Miss Meredith, Mrs Evans, Cemmes; Mrs Rowlands, Mrs Trevor, Mrs Dr Davies, Mrs Joseph Evans, Mrs Williams, Mrs Rees, Mrs R Rees, Miss Rees, Mrs Lloyd, Mrs Hughes, Miss Thomas, Miss Lumley, Messrs J C Ashton, Vaughan, R Howell, T Powell, ithe Misses Roberts, Marpole, Ellis, Mrs Dr Matthews, Mrs Meyler, Mr Williams, Messrs Tetley (Newtown), E Morgan, D Smith, John Lewis, John Williams, and Alderman Williams. The scholars from the County School also took part in the procession and they were in charge of Mr Meyler (headmaster), Miss Lumley (mistress), and Mr Jones (assistant master). The general public followed. On arrival near the school entrance, a halt was made and The Rev. JOSIAH JONES said that on behalf ot the local Governors of this school he was very proud of the opportunity of expressing the thanks of all the friends present. They were quite glad to see such a concourse of people. This showed not only sympathy for their labours in the erection of this school for such a length of time, but also indicated the deep interest in higher education in this part of the country, not only in the town of Machynlleth but also in the surrounding neighbourhood. They regretted the absence of Lord Rendel from that gathering, but he was glad to find that they had got a good substitute in the person of Mr David Jones, of that town. He (the speaker) had lived in the town for forty-four years, and during that period Mr David Jones had been one of his most intimate associates in everything good and that bad a tendency for the promotion of the welfare of the neighbourhood (hear, hear). He was sure that they all respected him and were glad of the oppor- tunity of doing honour to whom honour was due (hear, hear). They would present a memorial silver key to Mr Jones, and this t8.tik would be undertaken by Mrs Davies, of Maldwyn House, a Local Governor, and a lady whose special efforts in the way of organising teas and bazaars had realised the sum of E400 (cheers). Mrs Davies then presented the key to Mr David Jones. The door was formally opened by Mr DAVID JONES, who said that on behalf of Lord Rendel he now declared the Machynlleth School open (hear, hear). The Governors and others entered the building, re-assembling in the large Assembly Room, where the chair was taken by the Rev. Josiah Jones, chairman of the Local Board of Governors. He was supported by Mr A. C. Humphreys-Owen, M.P., Col. E. Pryce-Jones, M.P., Principal T. F. Roberts, Mr David Jones, Mrs Humphreys-Owen, Mr and Mrs R. Rees. The Governors and others occupied seats near the platform, and the large room was crowded with ladies and gentlemen having children in the school, and being in other respects keenly interested in the school. The CHAIRMAN said they all concurred in regrett- ing the absence of Lord Rendel. It was due to Lord Rendel to say that it was not by any dereliction of duty on his part that he was not present. In a letter to the Chairman he explained that his medical attendant had forbidden him to be present. He wrote at once to Sir William Harcourt, telling him of his defection, and trust that he would be able to take his place at Machynlleth. The Chairman said that they had also to thank Mr Humphreys-Owen for his endeavour to get Sir William Harcourt and Dr Butler of University College to open the School. The CLERK intimated apologies for absence from Lady Londonderry, the Earl of Powis, Sir Henry and Lady Wigan, Mr John Corbett, Droitwich, Mrs and Miss Evans, of Maengwyn street, now of Buxton, Mr and Mrs Pryce, Pennall, and others. Lord Rendel wrote "64, Marine Parade, Brighton, Monday, Oct., 24th. Dear Mr Rowlands,—My disappointment is deep, and I beg you to make it known to all those whose work is to be inaugurated. I owe them and all my friends in and about Machynlleth the fullest apologies. But I shall have, I trust, their pity as well as their forgiveness. They know the loss to me. My care for the uplifting of Wales in all things has always been my leading concern as an adopted Welshman. My faith in the educational zeal and resources of Wales has been from the first unfaltering. The bridging of the fatal gap be- tween elementary and higher education in Wales has been the satisfactory task in public life with which I have been humbly associated. And the progress of that vital measure of consolidation has nowhere more personal interest for me than in my old constituency, and amongst friends so good and so true as those who will be present at this cere- monial. Do assure them in all warmth of words as you command my abiding thankfulness and happi- ness in the commemoration of their work, and my confidence in its ever developing success. I enclose a cheqne for R50 towards the deficit in the building fund.—Very faithfully, yours, RENDEL." (applause). The following prizes and certificates were then distributed by Mrs Humphreys-Owen: Frances A. Rees, Welsh Matriculation, distinction at Central Welsh Board, and first-class at Science and Art Department examination in chemistry, Rd Hughes, Cambridge Local Examination, (junior) and London Matriculation. Thomas William Phillips, distinction at, Central Welsh Board Examinations, and first- classes at Science and Art department examination in mechanics (solids and fluids) and mathematics Percy Lewis second class honours, at Cam- bridge Local Examination (junior) December 1898; R. J. Humphreys, and R. R. Morris, science and art, first-clasp chemistry; H. R. Owen, science and art, first-class mathematics; Emrys Jones, science and art, first-class mathematics; Ivor Jones, John Hughes, Margaret Williams, David Jenkins, Janett Davies, Gertrude Morgan, John Owen, Evan A. Humphreys, Margretta Breeze, R. H. Thomas, R. W. Morgan, and Charles Bowen. At the conclusion of the ceremony, Mrs HUM- PHREYS-OWEN said that it was a great pleasure for hei to be present that day. She hoped that the boys and girls would not think the prizes as any- thing more than an expression of the pleasure of those interested in the work of tte pupils. Some- times she thought that it would be a good thing to give prizes to those who were not successful —(laughter)—in order that they should be en- couraged to go on. It was the greatest pleasure in life to succeed, and success carried with it its own reward. If there was one thing which they should accept as truthful in an agricultural county like Montgomeryshire, it was this, that breeding tells (hear, hear). She was sure that the children whose parents were endowed with intellectual faculties had themselves been so gifted. She was speaking with the new teacher at Welshpool upon the teaching of domestic economy, and she said that since she had been teaching in Montgomery- shire she had observed how handy were the girls of the county. The distinction was very great when she compared it with a class of ladies whom she had been instructing previous to coming into the county. What applied to the hands applied to equal force to the intellect-(lie; hear)-and she expressed the hope that the school would go on and flourish. Colonel PRYCE-JoNES said on an occasion like this when the school had been erected they should look back on the past. At the opening of the schools at Welsh pool, Sir George Kekewich referred to the services rendered by Sir William Hart Dyke, at one time Vice-President of the Committee of the Privy Council on Education. Sir George Kekewich said that Wales should never forget the interest Sir William Hart Dyke took in, and the work he did for education in Wales in 1889, when the Welsh Intermediate Education Act was passed, and it was gratifying to remember that the Act was actually passed by a Conservative Government. In 1880 a Departmental Committee was appointed to draw up a scheme to carry out the proposed Inter- mediate Education Schools for the Principality of Wales, and it was equally gratifying that that was during the Liberal Administration. On that report, the Act of 1889, as to its general prin- ciples was framed. Lord Rendel, the President of the University College of Aberystwyth, who bad done them at Machynlleth the honour of nominally opening their school, had done a large part in bringing about the institution of Intermediate Schools in Wales. There was no doubt that he was one of the promoters, one of the principal pioneers. He was one of the principal pilots in launching this scheme and in establishing a systematic series of bridges between Elementary Schools and the Uni- versities throughout the length and breadth of the Principality. The work was done not on one occasion or in one year, but by the joint and com- bined efforts of all parties, and he thought he might say of all sects, in a short generation of time —some- thing like 18 years. Of course if Lord Rendel and others bad not been supported by a strong, and impulsive and genuine and enthusiastic educational wave throughout Wales, the scheme could not have been launched as it had been. One of his most indefatigable and industrious and able lieutenants had been his honourable colleague Mr Humphreys- Owen, the member for the county of Montgomery, and as far as the county of Montgomery was con- cerned they would never forget the services rendered by the late Lord Powis. Just one word as to what Intermediate Education would do in the future for those who took part in it. In the past in places like MachynUeth there had been no Grammar Schools. The community as a whole could not look beyond the Elementary Schools. That meant that the pupils of those schools had not the opportunity and advantage of going in for the more lucrative, honourable, and responsible positions in commercial undertakings, and in the professions, as those of the upper classes who had the advantage of Grammar and Public schools (applause). In future, in places like Machynlleth, where there was a County or Intermediate School, the scholar would be able to step from the Elementary to the Intermediate Schools, and from the Intermediate School to the University, and the boys and girls who were bright and intelligent, and industrious could do that without expense to their parents as regards fees, as free scholarships were open to them. These bridges were provided by which all classes, of the community, even the lowest, could go in for the hightest posts in life, the same as the classes above them. He saw the other day that a lecture was given on mining, and he threw out the sugges- tion that, perhaps sometime in the future when they had the means, they would provide lectures on similar subjects as mininir in order that those who lived in this neighbourhood might create a taste and follow it up in what was the staple trade of this neighbourhood next to agriculture. He referred to the mineral wealth, and the quarries of the neighbournood. He had great pleasure in being present, and hoped the school would continue to flourish and increase from year to year (applause). Mr HuMPHRKYS OwEN after congratulating the district upon the successful accomplishment of the, first part of their task of establishing the Inter- mediate School here-its housing in a permanent building and the starting of its organisation, both external under a patriotic body of Governors, and internal under a most skilful headmaster and staff, said he was glad to think that Machynlleth during the three years that it had been under the inspection, first of the Charity Commissioners and afterwards of the Central Board, had won for itself a high character amongst the schoolp of Wales. The results of the last year's inspection and examination had been long ago commuuicated to the schools, the result of this year's inspection was not yet public property beyond the list of marks they had heard to-day, on which the greater part, of the prizes had been awarded, but he had had the duty and pleasure of seeing the reports of the examination jjjst con- cluded and the last inspection, and he was happy to say as a-Montgomeryahire man that they were very gratifying. He was not at liberty to say more. Another point on which he congratulated the school was the great local efforts that had been made. It had been shown that the Liberal Government Aid that had been given to the schools, had by no means stifled private effort. He was glad to find by the returns that a considerable number of scholarships were given by private donors in addi- tion to those from the general fund. That showed that education had only to adapt itself to the needs and wishes of the people to secure for it ample and full and generous support. He then gave a sketch of the present condition of Welsh Intermediate Education. The principal feature of Intermediate Education was that it was popular, representative and democratic-from top to bottom it was demo- cratic. It was fashionable just now among some people to run down and disparage popular institu- tions and to say how much better work could be done by a few skilled officials. They were not without instances of States organised on that system, and Germany, Russia, and France had not much to show to induce us to abandon the ancient British plan of representation in favour of bureau- cracy. He explained that the Central Welsh Board was composed of representatives of the Ceunty Councils, of the County Governing Bodies, of professional element-the headmasters and head- mistresses and the old Colleges though representa- tives of Jesus College, Oxford, and of the elemen- tary school teachers. Referring to the scanty preparation with which pupils came from the Elementary Schools, he said we should never have a satisfactory elementary education until more was done by the State. It was not fair to cast on one section of the people-the ratepavers-direotly or indirectly the burden of education, which was as much a public object as the Army and Navy. Referring to the representation of headmasters and headmistresses on the Executive Committee of the Central Welsh Board, he remarked that experts were capital servants, but not so good masters. It was for the country to say what kind of education they would have and for the experts-the masters and mistresses and professors and teachers-to say how that education was to be given. The task of considering the reports of the examiners at the recent examination of the Intermediate Schools was now going on and the report on these would shortly be sent to the Charity Commissioners, and as soon as possible they would be communicated to the schools and a general report dealing with the finances and educational work of the schools would be prepared, printed, and distributed. He touched on the importance of sending pupils to the schools for an extended period, and mentioned with approval that there bad been an improvement in this respect. The only foundation for success, not merely in academic studies but in commercial life, farming and in business generally, was thorough, sound preparation and the widening of the mental faculties by a good course of education before the boy or girl went out to the final work of life. At a conference held recently in London on the subject of commercial education there was a general consensus of opinion that what was wanted was not young people who were good writers of shorthand or good book- keepers, but young people who had received a good general education which taught them how to learn, so that when they came to anything new and difficult they knew which end to take hoJd of. They had been accustomed to meet and overcome difficulties, and when problems in commercial life were presented to them, the way they had been taught at school enabled them to take up the new studies with greater facility. As his friend Colonel Pryce-Jones had said, that district depended to a considerable extent upon mining and quarrying, but it also depended a great deal on agri- culture, and like everything else agriculture was progressive and it was necessary that the science which was at the root of it-the general principles of which the practice was an exernplification- should be grasped. The lad who knew something of the elements of chemistry would not be deceived by sham artificial manures, or make the mistake of putting manures on one crop that was fit for another. A boy who knew botany would know in laying down permanent pasture what grass was healthy and nutritious, and which was worthless. Unless he had a good knowledge of arithmetic how could he know how he stood at the and of the year ? He hoped that the physical sciences which lay at the root of agriculture would receive attention there, as he knew they had done, and that farmers would not grudge the time and expense of giving their children the training which would fit them to hold their own in the keen competition which English and Welsh farmers had to maintain against the unlimited products of foreign countries (applause). Principal T. F. ROBERTS, Aberystwyth, was the next speaker. He felt ,more anxious to be there that day in order to show, particularly in the absence of the president of the College (Lord Rendel), the very deep interest that thoy who were connected with the College took in the success and growth of that school (hear, hear). He bad long looked upon Machynlleth and district as a district from which they should expect additions to the present able and earnest men and women to be trained. They had received such at Aberystwyth. On Thursday next one lady of that town was to receive her degree from the University of Wales (hear, hear;. If that school could send to Aberyst- wyth, or any other place of study, girls similar to her in character and capacity, then it would not be the fault of Machynlleth and of this school if they did not attain a higher position and do good work (hear, hear). He was glad to hear the reference made by Mr Humphreys-Owen to the primary need of a thoroughly general education. He thought that principle desired to be enforced, because it cleared the air of certain difficulties and perplexities that lay between secondary and technical education. He believed that there re- mained a great deal of work to do in Wales. He believed that an elaborate system of technical education would have to be created, but for the present he was of opinion 'that they were on safe ground in doing the best they could in order to provide for the teaching of science and art which, as Mr Humphreys-Owen had said, was at the foundation of practical application of science in the work of life. The most vital subjects embodied in the curriculum of a school were the subjects which were powerful in the development of capacity, and if they examined the subjects one after the other, they would find that they held a very high place as instruments in training faculty and character. The work of the secondary teacher was definite work. He was not called to train or equip the pupils to undertake professional work to which he would devote his life, nor was he called upon to undertake the duties which fell upon the parent or religious teacher, although in part his duties hinged upon both these subjects, but his duty was to throw into the subject which he was teaching all the character and conscience that he could, and to exact from the pupil all the power of concentration which would make that subject a fruitful one. That seemed to him the best way in which they could expect the schools to produce the best work. The teacher must, Vowever, be allowed full liberty in shaping the curriculum of the pupils, and he must be allowed adequate time in which to do so. They might, of course, continue to send out into the world untrained men and women to commit the mistakes in future which had been committed in the past, but if they undertook the responsibilities of education, then they had to face the fact that these responsibilities were very heavy ones and eould not be fulfilled, with most careful detail and continuous attention to the growth of the pupils (hear, hear). Apart from the development of capacity the finding out of the strong points of the pupil and giving him thoroughly clear instruction upon the line of his best capacity, the especial attention of the schoolmaster was needed to illuminate certain weak points. This could not be done under the old system of educa. tion, but the new system, the secondary education, made it possible. Welsh boys had been prevented from competing for higher positions owing to a sort of shyness and reserve—(hear, hear)—which had prevented them attaining positions to which their abilities and character entitled them (hear, hear). But this shyness was not a quality to be condemned by any means, it was a quality to be turned into an element of strength and power, which was closely associated with a high and sensitive spirit. At the same time, valuable though it may become, it did present a barrier to effective action in many cases, which was not done away with throughout the whole of life (hear, hear). He thought that this was a most important feature in the case of pupils who pursued special studies-linguistic or literary studies-that they also should pay careful attention to the more practical sides of education. In conclusion he said that he was of opinion that in Wales the public were prepared to entrust the teachers of Wales and the managers of the secondary schools with the work of education, the responsibilities of whose work was at once great and invaluable (hear, hear). Mrs Jones, Cambrian House, then received the subscriptions, and the amount paid in amounted to nearly S100. Mr ROWLANDS read a telegram from Professor Darlington expressing regret7 that he could not be present. Mr GIBSON, Aberystwyth, next addressed the meeting and urged upon the pupils the necessity of close attention to work. In proposing a vote of thankrs to Lord Rendel and Mr David Jones, Mr R. Rees said that the school was practically opened free from debt, and with the money received that day only R50 would be required. Mr DANIEL HOWELL, Llanbrynmair, seconded the preposition in an able speech, in which be referred to Lord Rendel as one of the greatest benefactors Wales had had, especially Montgomeryshire. Mr DAVID JONES returned thanks. Mr JOHN ROWLANDS proposed a vote of thanks to Mr Humphreys-Owen and Col E. Pryce-Jones. He informed the meeting that,295 odd had been received that day (hear, hear). The entire cost would be about £ 2,000; they received from the County Governing Body R849 8s 9d, subscription R481, from the bazaar X400, making in all £ 1,730, and the expense was £ 1,940. Their thanks were due for the great assistance they had received from all parties concerned, and they were greatly in- debted to Mr and Mrs Humphreys-Owen and Col Pryce-Jones (hear, hear). Mr W. M. JONES seconded the:proposition, which was carried. Dr A. O. UAVIES then proposed a vote of thanks to Mrs Humphreys-Owen, Principal Roberts, and Mr Gibson. Dr EDWARDS seconded, and it was supported by Mr Meyler and carried. Mr Humphreys-Owen and Col Pryce-Jones having replied, Mr Gibson proposed and Mr A. C. Humph- reys-Owen seconded, a vote of thanks to the Chair- man, which was carried, and the meeting closed. Tea was afterwards given to the guests in the Vane Hall, which had been lent by Lady London- derry for the occasion.
CORRESPONDED GE. To CORRESPONDENTS. Communications for thn column should be addressed to the Editor, and must be written upon one side of the paper only. They should in all cases be accompanied by the namf: and address of the sender, not necessarily for publication but as a guarantee of good faith. THE CHURCH IN POWYS-LAND. To the Editor of the COUNTY TIMES. Sir,—I am writing merely for the purpose of calling local Churcbfolk to consider the fact that the present antiquated system of episcopal juiis- diction in Wales practically places the whole of our county of Montgomery in what is termed in partibus injidelium," that is to say, we are so remote, so far removed, from the living, pulsing framework of church life, which centres around the throne of the Bishop in his cathedral-city, that we may consider ourselves as living in some missionary land administered by ecclesiastical authorities from over the seas, and simply awaiting the time when the church considers our mission ripe enough to plant her full apostolical system in our midst. And is this to be wondered at-when the diocesan seat is some hundreds of miles away, not even in the next county, but in the county beyond that An episcopal visitation means that our clergy have a long and expensive journey to make through Shrop- shire, Denbighshire, Cheshire, and Flintshire before they reach the mother-church of the diocese, and that on their way thither they have to pass the towers of the mother-church of another Diocese! It is a notorious fact that the southern parts of Bangor and St. Asaph Dioceses, and the eastern parts of St. David's Diocese, are far too remote to be in touch in any way with their respective diocesan churches; and, consequently, Episcopal chapter of the Church in these parts becomes changed into the worse features of the Congrega- tional system, while the diocesan feeling (which is the very essence of our Church) is practically unknown amongst us. If the Church is to hold her own amidst the hills and valleys of Mid-Wales, a drastic overhauling of our diocesan machinery will be required; and now is a favourable opportunity for Churchmen to speak out and say whether the the question of a separate church organisation for the whole of Mid-Wales is ripe for debate at the present juncture. Perhaps you will be so good as to open your columns to a discussion upon this interesting and (to Churchmen) important topic.—Your obedient servant, Oct., 24th, 1898. LAICUS. I
l ABERDOVEY. THE BIBLE SOCIETY.-According to the annual statement of the secretary, Mr J. Evans, Post Office, the amount of the collections towards the above society for last year was X18 9s 3d, an increase of 9s lid on the previous year, ST. JOHN AMBULANCE.—It has been decided to continue the classes again this winter. The necessary preparations were made at a meeting held at the Board School on Tuesday evening. There was a good attendance of ladies and gentle- men. It was unanimously resolved to start a class for women. Mr E. L. Rowlands, J.P,, was elected chairman, and Mr John Evans, M.P.S., chemist, secretary, and Capt. J. Edwards, treasurer. Miss O'Neill was appointed secretary to the ladies' class. Twenty-two men and seven women joined the classes at the meeting, and many more are expected. Dr Bonner is the lecturer. HERRING FISHING.-The failure of the herring season in the Cardigan Bay is a matter of much comment. Fishermen at Aberdovey have failed to make enough from fishing to pay their expenses., On Monday, however, more re-assuring news was received. Mr R. Davies, officer to the Western Sea Fisheries Board, reported that trawl fishermen from Aberystwyth bad seen a very large shoal of herrings going into a line from Patches Buoy to- wards New Quay, travelling south-east, between Aberaeron and Llanon. Two whales and a large number of porpoises were also seen. C.M. LITERARY SOCIETY.-At a meeting of the society Mr W. Jones Hughes was elected president, and Mr Robert Griffith secretary. The session opened on Monday evening with a lecture on Wales in the 17th century by Mr 'Owen Edwards, Barmouth. The attendance was good. LIFEBOAT SERVICE.—Upon his retiring from the post of coxswain of the Aberdovey lifeboat, a post which he has held for 28 years, Mr John Bell ha& been presented with a framed certificate of service. He has been succeeded as captain by Mr David Jones, Fronheulog, late master of the "Mermaid." Mr H. Rowlands, the pilot, has been made second coxswain, and Mr John Thomas, bowman. METEOROLOGICAL INSTRUMENTS.—A Committee meeting of the Literary Institue was held on Thurs- day evening to consider what steps could be taken to have the instruments put up.—Mr William Jones brought the matter up and said it was most regret- table that the instruments were lying useless for such a long time.—After some discussion it was decided to request Mr E. L. Rowlands and Captain Edwards to meet Mr Collins, representing the Cambrian Railways Company, with a view to hav- ing them placed in a suitable position on the Company's property opposite the stationmaster's house.—The Committee decided to ask the Temper- ance Society to give an entertainment in aid of the funds of the Institute. HARVEST THANKSGIVING SERVICES.- These ser- vices were held at St Peter's Church on Friday last. The English service commenced at three p.m. The service was read by the Vicar, Rev J. Rowlands, M.A., the lessons by the Rev Titus Lewis, B.D., Vicar of Towyn, and the Rev S. Evans, Curate of Aberdovey. The anthem was How manifold are Thy works" (Caleb Simper), and Harvest praise" (Mrs Grant). An appropriate serman was preached by the Rev D. R. Lewis, M.A., Vicar of Dyffryn. The Welsh service was at 7 p.m. The service was read by the Rev S. Evans, B.A., the lessons by the Vicar and the Rev J. LI. Richards, B.A. The anthem was Mawl a'th erys Di yn Sion, O Dduw" (Hywel Idloes). An eloquent sermon was preached by the Rev J. Llewelyn Richards, Curate of Bar- mouth. The singing was very good at both the English and Welsh services. The attendance in the afternoon was large and in the evening the sacred edifice was crowded. The church was taste- fully decorated with fruit, flowers and vegetables, given by the Rev J. Rowlands, Mr Marmaduke Lewis, Mrs Gotto, Mrs Davies, Bryneithin, and Dr Kershaw, Trefri. Those who decorated the Church were:—Mrs Rowlands, Mrs Bonnor, Misses Rawson, Miss Williams, Miss Carpenter, and Miss Tomlins. The collections which amounted to about X5, were given to the Bangor Diocesan Church Extension Society. ————
MACHYNLLETH. COUNTY COURT.—SATURDAY. Before His Honour Judge Wm. Evans. CLAIM BY A TRUSTEE. H. Haydn Jones, Towyn, sued Edwin Jones, Llandinam, for zCl3 7s 4Jd. Mr Smith, Aberystwyth appeared for plaintiff, and Mr John Rowlands for defendant. Mr Smith explained that the plaintiff was trustee of the estate of Morris James formerly carrying on business at Towyn as builder. The defendant had paid into Court JE1 12a 8d and pleaded the statute of limitations. The plaintiff alleged that a payment of £1 on account was made on October 4th, 1892, and this raised case out of limitation. The first witness was Morris James, builder, who said that he bad done work for Edwin Jones for many years. He gave evidence of having purchased from the defendant's wife in October 1892 hay worth X3, and he asked that this sum should go towards clearing off the debt due to him. She would not do so, but consented that zEl should go towards this debt, and he paid her JE2. The cheque was produced. Mr Rowlands in his cross-examination sought to show that the work done was completed some time before 1884, the date upon which the entry was made in the day book; and contended that the ink was different on this entry to the other part of the day book.—His Honour: Do the plaintiffs contend that Mrs Jones had a right to take the case out of limitations ?—Mr Smith Yes; I contend that she was agent for her husband.—Mr Rowlands said he was in a position to prove that Mrs Jones was tenant at this time, and that she had no authority to make this deal.—In re-examination Morris James said that Mr Jones used to come over and stay at Towyn with Mrs Jones from Llandinam.—Edwin Jones, the defendant,* said he left Towyn in 1889, and the mortgage on the house he occapied was foreclosed and he was refused as tenant. Mrs Jones was admitted as tenant, and witness said that he did not know until that day that there was any contract with Morris James about the hay. James owed him XZ 10s Od for hay sold in 1886 and defendant was under the im- pression that this would go towards the liquidation of the debt.—Mr Smith said that he had nothing to meet this case.—Mr .Rowlands held that it was but fair that his client should show that the plea now offered was not a dishonest one, but the transaction was perfectly legitimate. Cross- examined I made out accounts for James for his ledger, but I do not remember seeing the amount entered egainst any name. I knew that there was a counter claim against James.—Mrs Jones, wife of the defendant said she was tenant of the land after her husband went away from Towyn.—Cross- examined I did not pay anything on account, because I did not know that anything was due. I never paid Morris James 21 on account, and did not tell Haydn Jones that the price of the hay was. X3 and that JE1 was paid to Morris James.-His Honour found as a fact that the wife did not pay El and that she was not empowered to take the case out of limitation. He gave judgment for defendant. DAMAGES TO OATS.—John Watkins, Bont, Llan. brynmair, sued Richard Breeze Cullen, Tycanol, Llanbrynmair, for JE1 13s 3d damages caused by animals trespassing. There was a counter claim for a similar cause amounting to iC2 10s.-Mr J. Rowlands appeared for the plaintiff and Mr D. P. Owen for the defendant.—Richard Breeze Cullen, Tycanol, Llanbrynmair, said that his farm adjoined- that of Watkins. There was a fence between the two farms part of which he kept up and the re- mainder Watkins kept up. On the 16th September witness was away from home and the oats were found scattered about the field. He was told that Watkins' cattle had been in the field. The oats were thrashed, and he found that the loss was X2 10s owing to the trampling down of the oats. On the 18th September he saw six of Watkins' horses in a field close to his house, and they must have come across the whole of the farm to reach the field. The hedges were broken down and half- a-crown per head for the damage done was a moderate sum. The fence was made of thorns and posts. One of the defendant's cattle was a "Wanderer," and had nearly killed one of plaintiff's bullocks.—Cross-examined: I was liable to keep the fence, but the horses crushed the fence down. —Re-examined: The fence was a proper fence before it was broken down by the horses. Since the action had been begun there had been no trespassing on his ground.—Hugh Williams, farmer, Esgair, Llanbrynmair, said that the cattle belong- ing to Watkins had done a lot of damage to the oats and he turned the cattle out. He saw ten sheep belonging to Watkins on the land. The housekeeper at the farm of the defendant said that no fence would keep the cattle in.—Richard Row- lands, Bryncoch, Llanbrynmair, said that on September 16th he saw the cattle in the oats. The animals were spreading the oats about and tramp- ling them down. When the oats were thrashed the yield was sacksful short of the usual quantity, and there was no doubt that this was due to the cattle. Mr Rowlands said that it seemed only a question as to value.—His Honour said that he had followed carefully the evidence of the witnesses as to tbe yield of oats. It seemed to .him that the £ 2 10s was a reasonable sum, and Cullen was in a position to claim more damages for trespasr.—John Watkins, the defendant, said that the fencing by Cullen was not sufficient to prevent the horses and cattle going through.—His Honour gave judgment for the amount claimed and gave the defendant judgment on the counter-claim.
Charity Commissioners and the Treasury, resulting in a successful solution for Wales so far as its secondary education is concerned of one of the most difficult administrative problems of the day, Viz., the adjustment of local with iuferial functions" (cheers). That is and must be the problem to be Solved in the future of the education in England, the co-operation of the imperial with the local in the superintendence of these schools which are to lead up one from another. And then Mr Fearon states :—" Or whether we look at the great efforts or sacrifices made in this cause by the Welsh people themselves I think I have justified myself for calling this story a romance (cheers). The history of the manner in which the Welsh people, the humblest as well as the richest, came forward out of their poverty to assist in the cause of education, I think is one of the most interesting and touch- -ing incidents of our modern society. He says you may well suppose that this work has not be accom- plised without much effort and sacrifice on the part of the Welsh people;" and then he proceeds to give examples of the manner in which in the poorest districts the people bad come forward, and for their chapels and for their schools had made sub. scriptions to the erection of this system which are really perfectly astonishing. Having said so much about intermediate education I may say that it always was intended as it ought to have been in- tended to lead up to the university teaching. That is the object. You cannot carry children simply from the elementary school up to the university. You must give them the chance of a higher education than that which they will get in the elementary schools. Well, there are people here who of course know very well from what small beginnings the College of Aberystwyth set forth in 1892. And yet at that time so great was the desire in this district for education that I find it stated that £60,000 was raised for that College by 100,000 separate contributors (cheers). It opened with 25 students. It rose soon, even though it had competitors in Bangor and Cardiff, to 200; and in 1894 it came for assistance to me (laughter). Well, the President has referred to that. I did not give it to Aberystwyth because I was a Welsh member at that time (laughter). The good fortune which befel me and brought me to Wales had not at that timo occurred, and the con- tribution I was able to make was given because I was convinced that the people who had so helped themselves deserved to be helped by others (applause). The number of studetitz I understand at this University College has risen now to 400, and nearly half of them I am told are of—what shall I call it ?-the stronger sex (laughter). The Alexandra Hall-- (students cheers)—is a great feature of this College (cheers). There is another feature of which I have been glad to read, and that is the establishment of a system for the training of masters (cheers). I ought to have referred in the case of the Intermediate schools to the invaluable assistance given in the improvement of the education of the pupil teachers afforded by the Aberystwyth University College, which while it receives pupils fit to be educated gives back to the schools masters fit to educate, and that reciprocal action we ought to have whenever we have a well welded and progressive system of edu- cation (cheers). Now all this has enabled you to give to Wales a sound and extensive system of education. It is extremely important that all education should be of a general and extended character. I do not mean that everybody should take up all subjects. They would only fritter away their time and -energy by doing so, but in Universities lite -this there should be facili- ties for obtaining all kinds of knowledge. I hear that here you are taught Greek, Latin, History, political economy, Welsh, modern languages, French, German, and Italian, Eastern languages, logic and plilosophy, the science of education, physics, chemistry, biology, botany, and besides all these there are extension lectures. What is taught exactly at extension lectures I do not know, but I suppose they include a faculty for instruction in whipping, in which my friend, Mr Tom Ellis, must some time or other have graduated, and I shall hope presently to see him in the superb robes in which he is now dressed collecting the Liberal Party in the House of Commons (laughter and cheers). I am also glad to hear of that agricultural department of which the Principal spoke. There can be nothing more valuable, nothing more useful, and I was going to say indispensible than that in an agricultural county such as this in North Wales, where every small tenant, every small farmer, every small owner may greatly increase his profits by a simple knowledge of the principles of scientific agriculture. I don't know whether such subjects are taught in any of the great Universities. I don't know whether the Master of Trinity could lecture on basic slag (laughter) or whether he could tell us how from the action of the Falls of Niagara sufficient nitrate could be extracted from the atmosphere to secure an abundant crop of wheat These mysteries which we hear are taught in this University, I would recommend to the attention of the Master of Trinity with a view of finding them a place in the curriculum of Cambridge (laughter). One point I would urge is the infinite value in our modern society of the cultivation of an intimate knowledge of modem languages (hear, hear). That is a great deficiency of the English people. Strong in their ensularity and strong also in the fact that other people find themselves compelled to learn their tongue they think it totally unnecessary to acquire any other language. In these days of commercial competition, if you read the report of our Consuls abroad you will see that one of the great deficiencies we have in competition with Germany is that the Germans take pains to give a thorough education to their young, both in English and French, and they are able to establish markets where we fail to do so altogether. I think it is important to insist as a necessary element of ordinary education that that knowledge of modern tongues should be given in which, I am sorry to say, education in my time was so greatly deficient. I should like to know how many boys there are at Eton who could talk French or German. That is our great deficiency. 1 was very much struck in reading what was said about the Welsh language by an Englishman who was a member of the House of Commons. He thought it was a great mistake to encourage and cultivate the Welsh tongue ("Shame"). I doubt whether there is anybody who knows Wales at all would echo that sentiment—("No")-and I find that those who have charge of the teaching of the Welsh language in the Universities have put down the remark that the study of the Welsh language greatly facilitates them in the teaching of other languages from the knowledge of grammar and other niceties which have so been acquired. Well, as Principal Roberts has said, time is pressing, and I did not come here to lecture anybody unless it was our own people at home in order that they should take a good example and follow it. But Wales has admirably equipped her people for the battle of life. If the generations which are rising, and are yet to rise, will only take advan- tage of the facilities which are offered to them they may be disciplined in their very earliest youth to be an aid and an honour to the country to which they belong, if they are endowed with the gifts of Providence to take advantage of the means at their disposal. Wales has been the first in the start. Let her take care we do nut overtake her in England (hear, hear), and if we follow your example you may depend upon it we shall strive to do so. The industry of our people is unwearied their intelligence is unquestionable. It only requires to be trained. We have to fight a hard battle now in defence of the greatest commerce in the world, and We cannot afford to lag behind. But it is not only from the utilitarian point of view that I recommend to you this great pursuit. The object and aim, the poet tells us, is happiness. That pursuit is natural to us all. What happiness is so great, so universal, so unfailing as that which the key of knowledge opens to us all, to cultivate the taste, to stimulate the desire, to satisfy the appetite, for knowledge is of all happiness the greatest that can be offered to man to the poor man, aye, more than to the rich. To the rich it is as I have said a luxury; to the poor it is a necessary and a comfort. To the miserable no less than to the fortunate it ministers a pleasure which does not grow stale by which in all the storms and the stress of life it consoles sorrow, it alleviates disease-pleasures that know no remorse and which have no satiety; the pleasures of history which make us live in times that we have Dever known, and gives us the society of famous men we have never seen; literature that refines the taste and feeds the imagination, the liveliest and greatest gifts of our human nature; in the classic tongues of ages gone by. Mathematics solve for us the mysteries of the universe. Science reveals to us the secrets of nature more surprising, and more enchanting than those of romance. To live in the great thoughts, the great deeds, the great discourses of thn highest minds is to make man worthy citizens of a great state; these are things that Wales by this gradition of institutions offers to her humblest citizens. Noctes atque dies nite praestante labore Certare ingenio, conteudere nobilitate. In such an empire as ours we have a boundless field for the capacity of all our offspring. We can lead the choicest spirits to the heights to which they have the right to aspire; and Wales, in the work of which she has laid the solid foundation in institutions like these which you see around her, ,has endowed her sons with the greatest wealth that it is in the power of one generation to bestow upon those that shall come after (loud and prolonged cheering). MB T. E. ELLIS M.P. proposed a vote of thanks to Sir William Harcourt for his presence, for his address, and for the eminent services which he had rendered to Welsh education.— (Cheers). The Aberystwyth College buildings would be something more than the home of lectures and lecturers. They would be a splendid rallying point of the cultured life of the College of Aberystwyth, and the national workshop whence from generation to generation should emanate men and women who would become capable citizens, the trained teachers of their youth, the cultured leaders of public opinion, and the true makers of the national life of Wales. Principal BEBB (Lampeter), who seconded, spoke of his gratitude to Sir William as a member of a Government which recognised that one of the best uses to which the public money of the country could be put was the furtherance of the highest education of the people who contributed to it (cheers). MR HUMPHREYS-OWEN M.P. supported the resolution, speaking of Sir William Harcourt as having long been a leader in educational move- ments, a ripe scholar a great master of the English language and an international jurist of no mean repute (applause). Sir W. HARCOCRT, replying to the vote of thanks, said :—I have to thank you, ladies and gentlemen, for the kind and cordial reception you have given to this motion and to myself. One of the greatest rewards of public life is that one's efforts, however imperfect, are only too indulgently recognised by one's fellow citizens. Permit me to say that a re- ception 1 value not less, but perhaps more, is that of the boys behind me (referring to the students, who lustily cheered). I only wish I had their chance of life, and the opportunity of making the best of it. I have had my share of the 'lineteenth century, The twentieth century will be theirs, Let it be their business to make the twentieth century a better and a hnppier century for the nation to which t.hey belong (cheers). Mr STEPHEN EVANS, in proposing a vote of thanks to Alderman Roberts, said that he and the speaker were the two oldest members of the Council, and thirty years ago they bad occupied seats on the Council. From his personal knowledge, Alderman Roberts had rendered valuable service to the College. Colonel PRYCK-JONES, M.P., in seconding the vote of thanks, said he was sure that, although Alder- man Roberts filled the higher position of Lord Mayor of Manchester, he never had a happier day than this, for he heard him that morning say in the college rooms that lie remembered the time when there were only 29 students at Aberystwyth, and now there were over 400 (applause). As a Welsh Conservative member, he must express his great delight at being present with Sir William Harcourt at this interesting ceremonial. The example which he had set, following upon that of the Prince and Princess of Wales, would encourage Welshmen to go on developing the higher education of Wales (applause). The proceedings terminated with the singing of the Welsh National Anthem. Tea was provided for visitors at the Alexandra Hall of Residence, and the place was thrown open to inspection.